keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non steroidal anti inflammatory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811694/estimation-of-upper-limit-of-normal-for-serum-alanine-transaminase-in-healthy-south-indian-population
#1
Pazhanivel Mohan, Varun Sundar, Emmanuel Bhaskar, Syluvai Anthony
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is the most common and cost effective screening test for asymptomatic liver disease. There is paucity of data on normal ALT among healthy individuals in India. An observational cross sectional study was conducted from January to July 2013 to estimate the upper limit of normal for ALT in healthy south Indian population. Adults undergoing voluntary or pre-employment health screening were included. Those with current and past alcoholism or smoking, acute illness or hospitalization during preceding 12 months, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or over the counter medication use within a month, current or past intake of herbal medications, any chronic medical illness, abnormal body mass index (BMI), fatty liver in ultrasound, abnormality in haemoglobin, platelet count, blood sugar, creatinine, lipid profile and thyroid function test and positive serology (Hepatitis B, C or HIV) were excluded...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810894/chikungunya-an-emerging-viral-infection-with-varied-clinical-presentations-in-bangladesh-reports-of-seven-cases
#2
Muhammad Abdur Rahim, Khwaja Nazim Uddin
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya is an emerging and rapidly spreading viral infection in many parts of the world including Bangladesh. It shares many epidemiological and clinical characteristics with dengue. So, a sound knowledge is required for its detection and differentiation from dengue, specially in endemic regions. CASE PRESENTATION: We present seven confirmed cases of chikungunya having different clinical presentations occurring among middle aged males and females from different socio-economic background in Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh...
August 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810599/effects-of-niflumic-acid-on-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-induced-currents-in-isolated-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-of-neuropathic-pain-rats
#3
Li-Jie Wang, Yang Wang, Meng-Jie Chen, Zhen-Pu Tian, Bi-Han Lu, Ke-Tao Mao, Liang Zhang, Lei Zhao, Li-Ya Shan, Li Li, Jun-Qiang Si
Niflumic acid (NFA) is a type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Neuropathic pain is caused by a decrease in presynaptic inhibition mediated by γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). In the present study, a whole-cell patch-clamp technique and intracellular recording were used to assess the effect of NFA on GABA-induced inward current in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of a chronic constriction injury (CCI) model. It was observed that 1-1,000 µmol/l GABA induced a concentration-dependent inward current in DRG neurons...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809737/acute-liver-failure-due-to-etodolac-a-selective-cycloxygenase-2-cox-2-inhibitor-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-established-by-rucam-based-causality-assessment
#4
Sunil Taneja, Pramod Kumar, Sahaj Rathi, Ajay Duseja, Virendra Singh, Radha Krishan Dhiman, Yogesh Kumar Chawla
Drug induced liver injury is a common cause of acute liver failure (ALF). While most of these cases are due to dose dependent hepatotoxicity with acetaminophen, idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is responsible for about 15% cases of ALF. Antibiotics are the most common cause of idiosyncratic DILI as well as DILI induced ALF. Etodolac is a selective cycloxygenase- 2 (COX -2) inhibitor non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory in musculoskeletal diseases. Severe liver impairment is extremely rare...
August 8, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809591/reducing-inappropriate-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-prescription-in-primary-care-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
David M Keohane, Thomas Dennehy, Kenneth P Keohane, Eamonn Shanahan
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to reduce inappropriate non-steroidal anti-inflammatory prescribing in primary care patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Once diagnosed, CKD management involves delaying progression to end stage renal failure and preventing complications. It is well established that non-steroidal anti-inflammatories have a negative effect on kidney function and consequently, all nephrology consensus groups suggest avoiding this drug class in CKD. Design/methodology/approach The sampling criteria included all practice patients with a known CKD risk factor...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809071/physicians-communication-of-risks-from-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-attitude-towards-providing-adverse-drug-reaction-information-to-patients
#6
Pacharaporn Phueanpinit, Juraporn Pongwecharak, Sermsak Sumanont, Janet Krska, Narumol Jarernsiripornkul
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently prescribed for orthopaedic conditions, therefore this study aimed to explore orthopaedic physicians' perceptions of their role in NSAID-risk communication, their attitudes towards the necessity of informing patients about adverse drug reactions (ADR), and factors associated with these. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were mailed to all 206 orthopaedic physicians working at hospitals in Northeastern Thailand...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808397/genistein-attenuated-gastric-injury-on-indomethacin-induced-gastropathy-in-rats
#7
Sarocha Vivatvakin, Duangporn Werawatganon, Kanjana Somanawat, Naruemon Klaikeaw, Prasong Siriviriyakul
OBJECTIVES: To investigates the mucoprotective effect of genistein on gastric injury in rats with indomethacin (IMN)-induced gastropathy. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups. Group 1 (control; n = 6) was given distilled water (DW). Group 2 (IMN; n = 6) was given indomethacin (IMN) 150 mg/kg dissolved in 5% sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3(-)) 1 mL/rat via intragastric tube at time 0 and 4 h. Group 3 (genistein; n = 6) was given genistein 100 mg/kg dissolved in 0...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808239/compound-a-influences-gene-regulation-of-the-dexamethasone-activated-glucocorticoid-receptor-by-alternative-cofactor-recruitment
#8
S J Desmet, N Bougarne, L Van Moortel, L De Cauwer, J Thommis, M Vuylsteke, D Ratman, R Houtman, J Tavernier, K De Bosscher
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a transcription factor of which the underlying gene regulatory mechanisms are complex and incompletely understood. The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory Compound A (CpdA), a selective GR modulating compound in various cell models, has been shown to favour GR-mediated gene repression but not GR-mediated gene activation. Shifting balances towards only a particular subset of GR gene regulatory events may be of benefit in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. We present evidence to support that the combination of CpdA with Dexamethasone (DEX), a classic steroidal GR ligand, can shape GR function towards a unique gene regulatory profile in a cell type-dependent manner...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808213/the-interaction-between-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-cascade-and-pkg-activation-in-cancer
#9
Kevin Lee, Gary A Piazza
The activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling cascade has been well studied and documented in colorectal cancer (CRC). The long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been shown to reduce the incidence and risk of death from CRC in numerous epidemiological studies. The NSAID sulindac has also been reported to cause regression of precancerous adenomas in individuals with familial adenomatous polyposis who are at high risk of developing CRC. The mechanism responsible for cancer chemopreventive activity of NSAIDs is not well understood but may be unrelated to their cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807894/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-neck-pain
#10
REVIEW
Steven P Cohen, W Michael Hooten
Neck pain imposes a considerable personal and socioeconomic burden-it is one of the top five chronic pain conditions in terms of prevalence and years lost to disability-yet it receives a fraction of the research funding given to low back pain. Although most acute episodes resolve spontaneously, more than a third of affected people still have low grade symptoms or recurrences more than one year later, with genetics and psychosocial factors being risk factors for persistence. Nearly half of people with chronic neck pain have mixed neuropathic-nociceptive symptoms or predominantly neuropathic symptoms...
August 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806675/biotransformation-of-nsaids-by-pig-liver-microsomes-in%C3%A2-vitro-kinetics-metabolites-identification-and-toxicity-prediction
#11
Liyun Ma, Xiaojing Mao, Xiao Sun, Li Xu
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are one of the most frequently used pharmaceuticals in animals. In the current study, the biotransformation of five NSAIDs by pig liver microsomes (PLMs) was studied. The pseudo-first-order kinetics mode was obtained for the metabolization of the studied NSAIDs by PLMs in vitro. The metabolites were identified by high performance liquid chromatography with a high-resolution LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry. The hydroxylation of benzene was confirmed to be the dominating metabolic pathway...
August 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806570/chiral-separation-of-terbutaline-and-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-by-using-a-new-lysine-bridged-hemispherodextrin-in-capillary-electrophoresis
#12
V Cucinotta, M Messina, A Contino, G Maccarrone, S Orlandini, A Giuffrida
A method for the separation of a mixture of terbutaline and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs was developed using capillary electrophoresis with a new hemispherodextrin, ad hoc designed, the lysine - bridged hemispherodextrin (THLYSH). The use of lysine residues to bridge the trehalose capping unit moiety to the cyclodextrin cavity gives rise to a receptor with two long chains with amine nitrogen atoms, whose charge can be easily tuned as a function of the solution pH. The new hemispherodextrin was accurately characterised by ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopy, also highlighting its protonation behaviour...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806512/painkiller-isoxicam-and-its-copper-complex-can-form-inclusion-complexes-with-different-cyclodextrins-a-fluorescence-fourier-transform-infra-red-spectroscopy-and-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-study
#13
Sathi Goswami, Anupa Majumdar, Munna Sarkar
The interaction of a painkiller Isoxicam, belonging to the oxicam group of Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) and its copper complex with different cyclodextrins (β-CD, γ-CD, HPβCD and HPγCD ) has been investigated in both solution and the solid state. Steady state and time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy, fluorescence anisotropy, 1H NMR and FTIR spectroscopy are used. Both the drug and its copper complex form host-guest inclusion complex with all CDs. Fluorescence spectroscopy is used to determine binding constants and stoichiometries of the host-guest complex...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803968/acute-spinal-cord-injury-a-review-of-pathophysiology-and-potential-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-pharmacological-intervention
#14
REVIEW
Emrullah Hayta, Hasan Elden
Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the serious central nervous system injuries, which can lead to significant neurological impairments and a reduction in quality of life with loss in sensory and motor functions. Although recent advancements contribute to the understanding of the underlying pathophysiological processes developed after SCI, currently, there is limited innovative and effective treatment options besides conventional rehabilitation and management of SCI to alleviate the condition. Improvements in neurological functions of the individuals with SCI depend mainly on the mechanical damage occurring in the primary injury and on pathophysiological alterations associated with secondary damage...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802525/layered-double-hydroxides-based-ion-exchange-extraction-for-high-sensitive-analysis-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#15
Wei Zhou, Chenlu Wang, Yikun Liu, Wenpeng Zhang, Zilin Chen
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are ideal sorbents for solid phase extraction (SPE) because of the excellent ion exchange capacity and high specific surface area. However, difficult elution of the analytes from the LDHs is a problem due to the strong ionic interaction between anions and LDHs. High concentrated NaOH solution is employed to elute the sample, but it not suitable for analyzing by HPLC. To solve this problem, a simple acid-base neutralization method was proposed after elution, and then the neutral samples were directly injected to HPLC for analysis...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802025/simple-and-rapid-determination-of-zaltoprofen-in-human-plasma-by-manual-shaking-assisted-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-followed-by-liquid-chromatography-with-ultraviolet-detection
#16
Se Young Han, Kyung Min Jeong, Da Eun Yoo, Yan Jin, Eun Mi Kim, Su Hyun Kim, Seok-Yong Lee, Se-Hyung Kim, Jing Zhao, Jeongmi Lee
A readily applicable method was developed to determine the concentration level of zaltoprofen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug from the propionic acid family, in human plasma. This method is based on manual shaking-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography with UV detection. Factors affecting the extraction efficiency were screened and optimized by experimental design using fractional factorial and central composite designs, respectively. Optimal conditions were: 220 μL of C2 H4 Cl2 (extraction solvent), 5 mL of 3...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802021/acute-exposure-to-an-environmentally-relevant-concentration-of-diclofenac-elicits-oxidative-stress-in-the-culturally-important-galaxiid-fish-galaxias-maculatus
#17
Nicole K Mcrae, Chris N Glover, S Rebekah Burket, Bryan W Brooks, Sally Gaw
Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug of growing concern in aquatic environments worldwide, yet knowledge of its effects on aquatic biota are restricted to a few model species and mechanisms of impact. In the current study, diclofenac accumulation, its effects on metabolic rate, ionoregulation, and oxidative stress were examined at environmentally-relevant (0.17 μg L-1) and elevated (763 μg L-1) concentrations in a culturally and economically important galaxiid fish, inanga (Galaxias maculatus), from the Southern Hemisphere...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801780/a-case-of-acetaminophen-induced-acute-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-in-adult
#18
Dan Inoue, Ryosuke Usui, Kosaku Nitta, Minako Koike
We report a case of allergic acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) induced by acetaminophen in a 48-year-old Japanese man with no past medical history. Two days after receiving the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) loxoprofen for left shoulder pain, he developed cold symptoms such as fever and sore throat. He then took a 300 mg dose of acetaminophen three times a day and a 100 mg dose of minocycline hydrochloride twice a day for 7 days. Because there was no improvement in his symptoms, he consulted a local clinic again, where blood tests revealed renal insufficiency, and he was, then, referred to our hospital for evaluation of kidney function...
August 11, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798512/peptic-ulcer-disease-and-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#19
REVIEW
Musa Drini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australian Prescriber
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797990/marked-improvement-in-gastric-involvement-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-with-adalimumab-treatment
#20
Akira Sonoda, Ryo Ogawa, Kazuhiro Mizukami, Kensuke Fukuda, Mitsutaka Shuto, Kazuhisa Okamoto, Osamu Matsunari, Tadayoshi Okimoto, Kazunari Murakami
Gastric involvement is the least frequent manifestation of Behçet's disease, and effective treatment for it unknown. Here the case of a patient with gastric involvement in Behçet's disease that was markedly improved with adalimumab therapy is presented. A 68-year-old man developed an oral ulcer, erythema, folliculitis, and arthralgia. Behçet's disease was suspected; then, prednisolone and colchicine were administered. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a punched-out ulcer in the posterior wall of the gastric antrum...
August 9, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
keyword
keyword
5916
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"