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Non steroidal anti inflammatory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786138/association-of-different-immunosuppressive-medications-with-periodontal-condition-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Dirk Ziebolz, Annegret Rupprecht, Jan Schmickler, Laura Bothmann, Juliane Krämer, Daniel Patschan, Gerhard A Müller, Rainer F Mausberg, Jana Schmidt, Gerhard Schmalz, Susann Patschan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate clinical periodontal findings as well as prevalence of selected potentially periodontal pathogenic bacteria in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with different immunosuppressive rheumatic medications. METHODS: 168 patients with RA undergoing different immunosuppressive medications were included and divided into subgroups according to their medication, which was taken in the past six months, in detail I) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and glucocorticoids combined, and II-VII) different disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs): II) Methotrexate (MTX), III) Leflunomide, IV) MTX and TNF-α antagonists combined, V) Interleukin-6 (IL-6) antagonist, VI) MTX and Rituximab combined, and VII) combination therapies of more than two of these DMARDs...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785261/aggressive-fibromatosis-response-to-tamoxifen-lack-of-correlation-between-mri-and-symptomatic-response
#2
M Libertini, I Mitra, W T A van der Graaf, A B Miah, I Judson, R L Jones, K Thomas, E Moskovic, Z Szucs, C Benson, C Messiou
Background: One of the commonly used systemic agents for the treatment of aggressive fibromatosis is the anti-oestrogen drug tamoxifen. However, data on efficacy and optimum methods of response assessment are limited, consisting mainly of small case series and reports. Methods: A retrospective database was used to identify consecutive patients diagnosed with aggressive fibromatosis (AF) and treated with tamoxifen plus/minus non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs at our tertiary referral centre between 2007 and 2014...
2018: Clinical Sarcoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784662/ibuprofen-decreases-spontaneous-activity-and-enhances-nerve-evoked-contractions-to-minimise-mitomycin-c-induced-bladder-dysfunction
#3
Eliza G West, Ryan Lang, Donna Sellers, Russ Chess-Williams, Catherine M McDermott
Inflammation may play a causal role in urological side effects reported following intravesical mitomycin C (MMC). Our aim was to investigate the effects of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen (IBU) on the cytotoxic potency of MMC and the potential for IBU to protect against bladder dysfunction. Malignant (RT4, T24) and normal (UROtsa) urothelial lines were treated with MMC followed by ibuprofen, with cell viability and caspase-3 activity assessed. Female C57BL/6JArc mice (Saline/Control, MMC, Saline + IBU and MMC + IBU), received intravesical treatment (1hr) with saline or MMC (2mg/mL), with IBU (1mg/mL) delivered in drinking water (for 7-days)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781564/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-reduce-the-time-to-recovery-of-gut-function-after-elective-colorectal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Tony Ge Milne, Rebekah Jaung, Gregory O'Grady, Ian P Bissett
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus causes significant patient morbidity after abdominal surgery. Some evidence suggests non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may reduce time to gut recovery, but there has not been a meta-analysis to assess their efficacy. AIM: To determine the benefit of NSAIDs in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery on recovery of post-operative gut function by systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL and reference lists were searched with no date or language restrictions...
May 21, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778548/risk-factors-of-the-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-in-aging-uremia-patients-under-regular-hemodialysis
#5
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Chung-Chi Lin, Yuan-Jen Wang, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Shih-Hao Young, Ping-Hsien Chen, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that uremia patients under hemodialysis (HD) have a significantly higher occurrence of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) than healthy controls and that elderly patients remain at high risk of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and PUB. Here we aimed to identify the risk factors for PUB in aging (≥65-years-old) uremic patients under regular HD. METHODS: Using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we compared 18,252 aging regular HD patients and 17,883 age-, gender-, and medication-matched patients without kidney disease (control group)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777855/polymer-lipid-hybrid-nanoparticles-as-enhanced-indomethacin-delivery-systems
#6
Annalisa Dalmoro, Sabrina Bochicchio, Shamil F Nasibullin, Paolo Bertoncin, Gaetano Lamberti, Anna Angela Barba, Rouslan I Moustafine
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), i.e. indomethacin used for rheumatoid arthritis and non-rheumatoid inflammatory diseases, are known for their injurious actions on the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Mucosal damage can be avoided by using nanoscale systems composed by a combination of liposomes and biodegradable natural polymer, i.e. chitosan, for enhancing drug activity. Aim of this study was to prepare chitosan-lipid hybrid delivery systems for indomethacin dosage through a novel continuous method based on microfluidic principles...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776741/a-small-diversity-library-of-%C3%AE-methyl-amide-analogs-of-sulindac-for-probing-anticancer-structure-activity-relationships
#7
Bini Mathew, Timothy S Snowden, Michele C Connelly, R Kiplin Guy, Robert C Reynolds
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have a variety of potential indications that include management of pain and inflammation as well as chemoprevention and/or treatment of cancer. Furthermore, a specific form of ibuprofen, dexibuprofen or the S-(+) form, shows interesting neurological activities and has been proposed for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. In a continuation of our work probing the anticancer activity of small sulindac libraries, we have prepared and screened a small diversity library of α-methyl substituted sulindac amides in the profen class...
May 10, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771681/selective-adsorption-of-oppositely-charged-pnipaam-on-halloysite-surfaces-a-route-to-thermo-responsive-nanocarriers
#8
Giuseppe Cavallaro, Giuseppe Lazzara, Lorenzo Lisuzzo, Stefana Milioto, Filippo Parisi
Halloysite nanotubes were functionalized with stimuli-responsive macromolecules to generate smart nanohybrids. Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-co-methacrylic acid (PNIPAAM-co-MA) was selectively adsorbed into halloysite lumen by exploiting electrostatic interactions. Amine-terminated PNIPAAM polymer was also investigated that selectively interacts with the outer surface of the nanotubes. The adsorption site has a profound effect on the thermodynamic behavior and therefore temperature responsive features of the hybrid material...
May 17, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768938/double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale-rosc-addition-in-migraine-acute-treatment
#9
Laís Bhering Martins, Ana Maria Dos Santos Rodrigues, Débora Fernandes Rodrigues, Luana Caroline Dos Santos, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Adaliene Versiani Matos Ferreira
Background Previous studies have demonstrated the analgesic effects of ginger in different conditions, but evidence about its efficacy in migraine treatment is scarce. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the potential of ginger to improve acute migraine as an add-on strategy to standard treatment. Methods A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial in the emergency room of a general hospital was conducted. Patients who sought medical care at the time of migraine attack were enrolled in this study...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767332/recent-development-in-antihyperalgesic-effect-of-phytochemicals-anti-inflammatory-and-neuro-modulatory-actions
#10
REVIEW
Ajeet Kumar Singh, Sanjay Kumar, Manjula Vinayak
INTRODUCTION: Pain is an unpleasant sensation triggered by noxious stimulation. It is one of the most prevalent conditions, limiting productivity and diminishing quality of life. Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used as pain relievers in present day practice as pain is mostly initiated due to inflammation. However, due to potentially serious side effects, long term use of these antihyperalgesic drugs raises concern. Therefore there is a demand to search novel medicines with least side effects...
May 16, 2018: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766729/cardiovascular-risk-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#11
Štefan Alušík, Zoltán Paluch
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) belong to the most widely used drugs. Results of recent large meta-analyses have shown that the cardiovascular risk of NSAIDs is more serious than originally believed and is not associated exclusively with coxibs; it is also increased when using so called traditional NSAIDs. Data obtained to date show the safest drugs of this class in terms of cardiovascular risk are naproxen and ibuprofen at low doses. The position of naproxen as the safest NSAID has been challenged by some more recent findings...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764826/systemic-sclerosis-severe-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-pericardial-effusion-at-diagnosis
#12
Patricia Moniz, Daniel Rei, Joana Rodrigues, Arturo Botella
A 51-year-old female patient with a recent hospital admission reported to the emergency room (ER) with progressive worsening of fatigue, dyspnoea and chest discomfort. She had been recently admitted and discharged with the diagnosis of pericarditis and medicated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and diuretics. She returned to the ER with persisting symptoms. Echocardiography was repeated and showed signs of elevated right ventricular systolic pressure and a slightly increased moderate/severe pericardial effusion without signs of cardiac tamponade...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764751/needle-wash-solution-cultures-following-ebus-tbna-with-or-without-endobronchial-intubation
#13
Daisuke Minami, Nagio Takigawa, Masahide Oki, Hideo Saka, Takuo Shibayama, Katsuyuki Kiura
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive procedure with a high diagnostic yield in lesions adjacent to the airways. However, complications associated with EBUS-TBNA, such as mediastinitis, have recently been reported. Oral bacteria contamination in punctured lymph nodes can cause severe infections. In the current study, we investigated whether endobronchial intubation using EBUS-TBNA can prevent oral bacterial contamination of punctured lymph nodes...
May 10, 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761367/in-vivo-pharmacokinetics-of-bromfenac-ophthalmic-solution-0-075-bromfenac-ophthalmic-solution-0-07-and-nepafenac-amfenac-ophthalmic-suspension-0-3-in-rabbits
#14
John D Sheppard, Paul C Cockrum, Angela Justice, Mark C Jasek
INTRODUCTION: Little is known of the ocular distribution characteristics of currently branded non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the United States. This study was designed to predict the ocular bioavailability characteristics in humans using Dutch Belted rabbits as a surrogate. Commercially available, topically-applied NSAIDs containing bromfenac or nepafenac/amfenac were evaluated. METHODS: 126 healthy adult Dutch Belted rabbits were randomly assigned to three treatment cohorts (BromSite® twice daily [BID] in the right eye, BromSite® once daily [QD] in the right eye, Prolensa® QD in the right eye and Ilevro™ QD in the left eye) and 7 post-dosing time points (0...
May 14, 2018: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761244/copper-tolfenamic-acid-evaluation-of-stability-and-anti-cancer-activity
#15
Myrna Hurtado, Umesh T Sankpal, Jaya Chhabra, Deondra T Brown, Rajasekhar Maram, Rafid Patel, Raj K Gurung, Jerry Simecka, Alvin A Holder, Riyaz Basha
The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Tolfenamic acid (TA) acts as an anti-cancer agent in several adult and pediatric cancer models. Copper (Cu) is an important element with multiple biological functions and has gained interest in medical applications. Recently, [Cu(TA)2 (bpy)] (Cu-TA) has been synthesized in order to enhance therapeutic activity. In this study, we synthesized Cu-TA using an established method, characterized it by UV visible spectroscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and tested its anti-cancer activity using twelve cell lines representing various cancers, such as Ewing sarcoma, glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, neuroblastoma, pancreatic and prostate...
May 15, 2018: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760367/-pharmacological-action-and-clinical-outcome-of-newly-developed-nsaids-patch-loqoa-%C3%A2-tape
#16
Noboru Otsuka, Ikuko Yataba
Topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) patches are indispensable for the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases, while they are considered less effective than oral NSAIDs. LOQOA® tape is a tape-type patch containing esflurbiprofen (SFP) as a major active ingredient with potent cyclooxygenase inhibition and sufficient skin permeability. SFP patch (SFPP) showed higher percutaneous absorption rate, rapid pain relief, and potent anti-inflammatory efficacy comparing with existing NSAIDs patches in rat...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759565/glucocorticoids-as-an-adjunct-to-oncologic-treatment-in-solid-malignancies-not-an-innocent-bystander
#17
REVIEW
Corinne Maurice-Dror, Ruth Perets, Gil Bar-Sela
Glucocorticoids are steroidal hormones which exert their action via genomic and non-genomic mechanisms. In the clinical setting, glucocorticoids are utilized for their anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic and immunomodulatory effects and for their well-established, pro-apoptotic effects on hematological malignancies. In the treatment of solid tumors, glucocorticoids serve primarily for alleviation of tumor- and treatment-related symptoms and in most cases are not considered to have a direct effect on tumor growth and spread...
June 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759249/in-line-carbon-nanofiber-reinforced-hollow-fiber-mediated-liquid-phase-microextraction-using-a-3d-printed-extraction-platform-as-a-front-end-to-liquid-chromatography-for-automatic-sample-preparation-and-analysis-a-proof-of-concept-study
#18
Chanatda Worawit, David J Cocovi-Solberg, Pakorn Varanusupakul, Manuel Miró
A novel concept for automation of nanostructured hollow-fiber supported microextraction, combining the principles of liquid-phase microextraction (LPME) and sorbent microextraction synergically, using mesofluidic platforms is proposed herein for the first time, and demonstrated with the determination of acidic drugs (namely, ketoprofen, ibuprofen, diclofenac and naproxen) in urine as a proof-of-concept applicability. Dispersed carbon nanofibers (CNF) are immobilized in the pores of a single-stranded polypropylene hollow fiber (CNF@HF) membrane, which is thereafter accommodated in a stereolithographic 3D-printed extraction chamber without glued components for ease of assembly...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759210/smart-bi-metallic-perovskite-nanofibers-as-selective-and-reusable-sensors-of-nano-level-concentrations-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#19
Mona A Mohamed, Menna M Hasan, Ibrahim H Abdullah, Ahmed M Abdellah, Ali M Yehia, Nashaat Ahmed, Walaa Abbas, Nageh K Allam
A strategy for trace-level carbon-based electrochemical sensors is investigated via exploring the interesting properties of BaNb2 O6 nanofibers (NFs). Utilizing adsorptive stripping square wave voltammetry (ASSWV), an electrochemical sensing platform was developed based on BaNb2 O6 nanofibers-modified carbon paste electrode (CPE) for the sensitive detection of lornoxicam (LOR). Different techniques were used to characterize the fabricated BaNb2 O6 perovskite NFs. The obtained data show the feasibility to electro-oxidize LOR and paracetamol (PAR) on the surface of the fabricated sensor...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758352/prospective-associations-of-c-reactive-protein-crp-levels-and-crp-genetic-risk-scores-with-risk-of-total-knee-and-hip-replacement-for-osteoarthritis-in-a-diverse-cohort
#20
Aladdin H Shadyab, Robert Terkeltaub, Charles Kooperberg, Alexander Reiner, Charles B Eaton, Rebecca D Jackson, Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Rany M Salem, Andrea Z LaCroix
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and polygenic CRP genetic risk scores (GRS) with risk of end-stage hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA), defined as incident total hip (THR) or knee replacement (TKR) for OA. DESIGN: This study included a cohort of postmenopausal white, African American, and Hispanic women from the Women's Health Initiative. Women were followed from baseline to date of THR or TKR, death, or December 31, 2014...
May 11, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
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