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Vein of galen malformation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125026/delayed-and-incomplete-treatment-may-result-in-dural-fistula-development-in-children-with-vein-of-galen-malformation
#1
Dan Meila, Cynthia Schmidt, Katharina Melber, Dominik Grieb, Cornelius Jacobs, Collin Jacobs, Heinrich Lanfermann, Friedhelm Brassel
The association of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) in children with Vein of Galen malformation (VGM) has recently been reported for the first time. In a larger series of cases treated with transarterial NBCA embolization, 30% had DAVF. We wanted to analyze the development of DAVF in our cohort of children with VGM and to evaluate whether their occurrence depends on different treatment timing and embolic materials. We analyzed 43 VGM cases treated with a combined transarterial and transvenous approach between 2003 and 2016...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082570/galenic-pial-arteriovenous-fistulas-angioarchitecture-clinical-presentation-and-therapeutic-considerations
#2
REVIEW
Michael George Zaki Ghali
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAMs) are complex vascular lesions. Their etiopathogenesis is extensively debated and remains poorly understood. Strictly speaking, true VGAMs are Galenic pial arteriovenous fistulas. They are believed to arise in utero and are contended to drain either into the true vein of Galen or the median prosencephalic vein of Markowski. Several classification systems have been proposed and are widely used. With the advent of endovascular therapy, precise understanding of the angioarchitecture is critical for management and therapeutic decision making...
October 30, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982789/endovascular-treatment-of-vein-of-galen-malformations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
W Brinjikji, T Krings, M H Murad, A Rouchaud, D Meila
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after endovascular embolization of vein of Galen malformations remain relatively poorly described. PURPOSE: We performed a systematic review of the literature to determine outcomes and predictors of good outcomes following endovascular treatment of vein of Galen malformations. DATA SOURCES: We used Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, and the Web of Science. STUDY SELECTION: Our study consisted of all case series with ≥4 patients receiving endovascular treatment of vein of Galen malformations published through January 2017...
October 5, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928561/periprocedural-management-of-vein-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformation-patients-an-11-year-experience
#4
Ajay Prasad Hrishi, Karen Ruby Lionel
CONTEXT: The vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare arteriovenous malformation where a dilated median prosencephalic vein provides a low-resistance conduit for intracerebral blood flow resulting in high-output cardiac failure, severe pulmonary hypertension, with or without central nervous system symptoms secondary to hydrocephalus, in the neonatal and pediatric population. AIM: This study aims to analysis of the anesthetic management of this unique subset of patients with VGAM...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859024/spontaneous-resolution-of-venous-aneurysms-after-transarterial-embolization-of-a-variant-superior-sagittal-sinus-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Weizheng Song, Hong Sun, Jin Liu, Li Liu, Jia Liu
We present a rare case of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with subarachnoid hemorrhage and intraventricular hemorrhage due to its venous aneurysms. A 63-year-old woman was admitted for a sudden loss of consciousness. Computed tomography angiograph, magnetic resonance imaging angiography, and digital subtraction angiography revealed a superior sagittal sinus DAVF. The fistula was fed by the left middle meningeal artery and left internal carotid artery, and was drained by a right vein of Trolard, the superficial Sylvian vein, deep Sylvian vein, and basal vein to the vein of Galen...
September 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828131/giant-vein-of-galen-malformation-in-an-adult
#6
Mena G Kerolus, Lee A Tan, Demetrius K Lopes
Vein of Galen malformations (VoGMs) are rare vascular malformations resulting from persistent shunting of primitive choroidal vessels into the median prosencephalic vein of Markowski. VoGMs are associated with poor clinical outcome with a reported 76.7% mortality if left untreated. We present an exceedingly rare case of a giant, untreated VoGM measuring 7.8 × 5.5 × 7 cm in a 42-year-old man. The embryologic origin, classification, clinical manifestations, and treatment options of VoGMs are discussed with a review of pertinent literature...
September 2017: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828053/ultrasound-prenatal-diagnosis-and-emergency-interventional-radiologic-therapy-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformation-in-a-newborn
#7
Roxana Elena Bohiltea, Natalia Turcan, Cristian Mihalea, Bogdan Dorobat, Eliza Elena Cinteza, Adriana Dan, Magdalena Mihai, Adela Dimitriade, Cristian Boros, Mircea Dumitru, Ionut Gobej, Octavian Munteanu, Monica Mihaela Cirstoiu
Located under the cerebral hemispheres and draining the anterior and central regions of the brain into the sinus of the posterior cerebral fossa, the vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation is considered to be a rare cause of hydrocephaly. The presence of this condition in the neonatal period typically includes intractable heart failure and a poor prognosis. We report a case of aneurysm of the vein of Galen diagnosed prenatally at 28 weeks of gestation, with the delivery at term by caesarean section of a female infant...
December 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746188/antenatal-diagnosis-and-prognostic-factors-of-aneurysmal-malformation-of-the-vein-of-galen-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Doru Herghelegiu, Cringu A Ionescu, Irina Pacu, Roxana Bohiltea, Catalin Herghelegiu, Simona Vladareanu
RATIONALE: Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare complex malformation of the cerebral vascular system consisting of arteriovenous shunts between the vein of Galen and the cerebral arteries. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present the case of a 31-year-old pregnant woman, para 1, gravida 1. DIAGNOSES: At 26 weeks' gestation who was examined for an anechoic mass on the cerebral median midline with color and pulsed Doppler. She presented with positive flow on the color and pulsed Doppler test, associated with hydrocephalus, cortical hypoplasia, cardiomegaly, jugular vein distension...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689342/superselective-transvenous-embolization-with-onyx-and-n-bca-for-vein-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformations-with-restricted-transarterial-access-safety-efficacy-and-technical-aspects
#9
Kirill Orlov, Anton Gorbatykh, Vadim Berestov, Timur Shayakhmetov, Dmitry Kislitsin, Pavel Seleznev, Nikolay Strelnikov
PURPOSE AND METHODS: Superselective transvenous embolization (TVE) with liquid embolic agents is a new concept in treatment of vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAM). We performed ten sessions of TVE in VGAM patients with restricted transarterial access. In this paper, we assessed clinical and angiographic outcomes of the proposed treatment and discussed three different TVE techniques with regard to morphology of the shunt and outflow tract. Safety and avoidance-of-complication tips were also discussed...
November 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338447/vein-of-galen-malformation-treated-with-the-micro-vascular-plug-system-case-report
#10
Woojin Joo, Philippe Mercier, Shiva Kheradmand, Peyman Shirani, Ahmed Sarhan, Samer K Elbabaa, Randall C Edgell
This case report describes the use of the Micro Vascular Plug (MVP) system in a mural-type vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation, resulting in successful occlusion of the cerebrovascular fistula. This result was confirmed with immediate cessation in blood flow and 6-month follow-up angiography. The unique characteristics of the MVP provide potential advantages over current embolic techniques for occlusion of high-flow, fistulous, intracranial vessels such as those seen in the vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation, and may represent a valuable addition to the currently available options...
June 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224101/vein-of-galen-malformation-in-a-neonate-a-case-report-and-review-of-endovascular-management
#11
Surasak Puvabanditsin, Rajeev Mehta, Kristy Palomares, Natalie Gengel, Christina Ferrucci Da Silva, Sudipta Roychowdhury, Gaurav Gupta, Arun Kashyap, David Sorrentino
Vein of Galen malformation (VOGM) is a rare congenital vascular malformation caused by the maldevelopment of its embryonic precursor, the median prosencephalic vein of Markowski. VOGM results in neonatal morbidity and mortality, and premature delivery does not improve the outcome. We report a term female neonate in whom a vein of Galen malformation was diagnosed prenatally at 37 wk of gestation during a growth ultrasound and confirmed by fetal magnetic resonance imaging. Signs of cardiac decompensation were evident in the fetus...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180030/serial-measurement-of-superior-vena-cava-flow-in-evaluation-of-the-clinical-severity-of-pial-arteriovenous-fistula-in-an-infant
#12
Mako Ago, Kenichi Masumoto, Atsushi Uchiyama, Yasuo Aihara, Yoshikazu Okada, Satoshi Kusuda
Background Pial arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is composed of one or more direct arterial feeding vessels with a single draining vein without nidus. A patient with the disease with high-flow AV shunting in the neonatal period not only suffers from high-output cardiac failure but also shows secondary neurological sequelae. In vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation, superior vena cava (SVC) flow measurements provide useful prognostic information. Case Presentation We measured serial SVC flow in a male infant with pial AVF...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092907/sinus-thrombosis-after-endovascular-treatment-of-vein-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformation
#13
Zeferino Demartini, Marcio Luis Tostes Dos Santos, Gelson Luis Koppe, Adriane de Andre Cardoso-Demartini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076893/pseudofeeders-on-fetal-magnetic-resonance-imaging-predict-outcome-in-vein-of-galen-malformations
#14
Guillaume Saliou, Irène Vraka, Jean-Paul Teglas, Marie-Victoire Senat, Philippe Durand, Claire Colmant, Augustin Ozanne, Jelena Martinovic, Pierre Tissiere, Catherine Adamsbaum
OBJECTIVE: Although vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAM) can be diagnosed in the fetus, the challenge is predicting the occurrence of its 2 major complications: cardiopulmonary failure and encephalomalacia. This study attempts to determine which fetal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features might be used to predict the development of these complications at birth. METHODS: The cohort was extracted from a prospectively assembled database of VGAM cases managed at a single referral center from 2000 to 2014...
February 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857804/spontaneous-thrombosis-of-vein-of-galen-malformation
#15
Kalpana Devi Kariyappa, Murali Krishnaswami, Francis Gnanaprakasam, Madan Ramachandran, Visvanathan Krishnaswamy
Vein of Galen malformation (VOGM) is a rare intracranial vascular malformation. Before the advent and advancement of various endovascular techniques, there was dismal prognosis. Rarely, this condition may spontaneously thrombose without the need for surgical or endovascular treatment with good prognosis. We report a case of an 8-month-old infant who had serial imaging, suggestive of VOGM and presented to us for further management, wherein the imaging revealed spontaneous thrombosis.
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837112/endovascular-treatment-of-vein-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformation-using-rapid-ventricular-pacing-a-case-report
#16
Birgitta Ramgren, Olof Rask, Jan Gelberg, Petru Liuba, Per Undrén, Johan Wassélius
The treatment of choice of vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) involves endovascular procedures that can be difficult to perform in high-flow fistulas. We describe the use of rapid ventricular pacing (RVP), a well-known cardiologic technique, to safely treat a high-flow fistula in an infant with VGAM.
February 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798855/retreatment-of-a-choroidal-vein-of-galen-malformation-with-embolization-42%C3%A2-years-after-open-surgical-treatment-in-the-neonatal-period
#17
Lucas Elijovich, Asim F Choudhri, Adam S Arthur, Paul Klimo, Frederick A Boop, Alejandro Berenstein
In 1976 an infant boy initially presented with a choroidal vein of Galen malformation (cVOGM). Craniotomy and clipping of the anterior cerebral artery and posterior choroidal arteries was performed, which was reported in the literature 40 years ago. The patient remained asymptomatic until age 42 when he re-presented with an isolated intraventricular hemorrhage. Angiography demonstrated cVOGM with venous sinus occlusive disease leading to venous hypertension and subsequent intraventricular hemorrhage. The angiogram also demonstrated a 'pseudo-nidus' composed of multiple arterial-to-arterial anastomoses that had developed as a result of the original surgical treatment...
May 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702926/retreatment-of-a-choroidal-vein-of-galen-malformation-with-embolization-42%C3%A2-years-after-open-surgical-treatment-in-the-neonatal-period
#18
Lucas Elijovich, Asim F Choudhri, Adam S Arthur, Paul Klimo, Frederick A Boop, Alejandro Berenstein
In 1976 an infant boy initially presented with a choroidal vein of Galen malformation (cVOGM). Craniotomy and clipping of the anterior cerebral artery and posterior choroidal arteries was performed, which was reported in the literature 40 years ago. The patient remained asymptomatic until age 42 when he re-presented with an isolated intraventricular hemorrhage. Angiography demonstrated cVOGM with venous sinus occlusive disease leading to venous hypertension and subsequent intraventricular hemorrhage. The angiogram also demonstrated a 'pseudo-nidus' composed of multiple arterial-to-arterial anastomoses that had developed as a result of the original surgical treatment...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689921/diagnosis-of-vein-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformation-using-fetal-mri
#19
LETTER
Li-Xia Zhou, Su-Zhen Dong, Ming-Feng Zhang
PURPOSE: To present three fetal vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAMs), which were diagnosed through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and highlight these cardiovascular findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed three fetuses with VGAM at 31, 32, and 33 weeks of gestation. Feeding arteries and draining veins were observed by MRI. Secondary changes in the brain and high-output heart failure caused by high blood flow in the lesion were evaluated...
November 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601322/endovascular-treatment-of-pediatric-intracranial-arteriovenous-shunt
#20
REVIEW
Yasunari Niimi
Intracranial arteriovenous shunts (ICAVS) in young children are characterized by frequent high-flow fistulas. In association with high-flow fistulas and the physiological condition of the developing brain and heart, each ICAVS type tends to present at a certain age with unique symptoms. Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) and dural sinus malformation with arteriovenous (AV) shunt tend to present in the neonate with high output cardiac failure. In infancy, VGAM, pial arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and infantile dural AVF (DAVF) tend to present with hydrodynamic disorder such as macrocephaly, ventriculomegaly, prominent facial veins, and developmental delay...
March 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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