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anterior cornu

Stephen F Smagula, Helmet T Karim, Anusha Rangarajan, Fernando Pasquini Santos, Sossena C Wood, Tales Santini, John M Jakicic, Charles F Reynolds, Judy L Cameron, Abbe N Vallejo, Meryl A Butters, Caterina Rosano, Tamer S Ibrahim, Kirk I Erickson, Howard J Aizenstein
OBJECTIVES: Hippocampal hyperactivation marks preclinical dementia pathophysiology, potentially due to differences in the connectivity of specific medial temporal lobe structures. Our aims were to characterize the resting-state functional connectivity of medial temporal lobe sub-structures in older adults, and evaluate whether specific substructural (rather than global) functional connectivity relates to memory function. METHODS: In 15 adults (mean age: 69 years), we evaluated the resting state functional connectivity of medial temporal lobe substructures: dentate/Cornu Ammonis (CA) 4, CA1, CA2/3, subiculum, the molecular layer, entorhinal cortex, and parahippocampus...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Kai J Miller, Casey H Halpern, Mark F Sedrak, John A Duncan, Gerald A Grant
OBJECTIVE Stereotactic laser ablation and neurostimulator placement represent an evolution in staged surgical intervention for epilepsy. As this practice evolves, optimal targeting will require standardized outcome measures that compare electrode lead or laser source with postprocedural changes in seizure frequency. The authors propose and present a novel stereotactic coordinate system based on mesial temporal anatomical landmarks to facilitate the planning and delineation of outcomes based on extent of ablation or region of stimulation within mesial temporal structures...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Olof Lindberg, Gustav Mårtensson, Erik Stomrud, Sebastian Palmqvist, Lars-Olof Wahlund, Eric Westman, Oskar Hansson
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with atrophy of the cornu ammonis (CA) 1 and the subiculum subfield of the hippocampus (HC), and with deficits in episodic memory and spatial orientation. These deficits are mainly associated with the functionality of the posterior HC. We therefore hypothesized that key AD pathologies, i.e., β-amyloid and tau pathology would be particularly associated with the volume of the posterior subiculum in non-demented individuals. In our study we included 302 cognitively normal elderly participants (CN), 183 patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and 171 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI), all of whom underwent 3T magnetic resonance images (MRI)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Santhosh Kumar Nochikattil, T P Sajith Babu, Sudheesh Manoharan
Superior Thyroid Artery (STA) usually arises from the ventral surface of the External Carotid Artery (ECA) just below the level of tip of greater cornu of hyoid bone and it runs anteriorly, downwards and medially. Lingual artery arises at the level of tip of greater cornu of hyoid bone and it runs anteriorly, upwards and medially. Rarely, both STA and lingual artery may originate as a common trunk called thyrolingual trunk. But a thyrolingual trunk arising from Common Carotid Artery (CCA) is very rare. We report a case of patient diagnosed to have carcinoma of right lower alveolus with nodal recurrence; with thyrolingual trunk arising from the medial aspect of CCA, which was detected incidentally during neck dissection...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Bertrand Mathon, Franck Bielle, Séverine Samson, Odile Plaisant, Sophie Dupont, Anne Bertrand, Richard Miles, Vi-Huong Nguyen-Michel, Virginie Lambrecq, Ana Laura Calderon-Garcidueñas, Charles Duyckaerts, Alexandre Carpentier, Michel Baulac, Philippe Cornu, Claude Adam, Stéphane Clemenceau, Vincent Navarro
OBJECTIVE: The reasons for failure of surgical treatment for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) associated with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) remain unclear. This retrospective study analyzed seizure, cognitive, and psychiatric outcomes, searching for factors associated with seizure relapse or cognitive and psychiatric deterioration after MTLE-HS surgery. METHODS: Seizure, cognitive, and psychiatric outcomes were reviewed after 389 surgeries performed between 1990 and 2015 on patients aged 15-67 years at a tertiary center...
August 2017: Epilepsia
Marie-Laure Welter, Jean-Luc Houeto, Stéphane Thobois, Benoit Bataille, Marc Guenot, Yulia Worbe, Andreas Hartmann, Virginie Czernecki, Eric Bardinet, Jerome Yelnik, Sophie Tezenas du Montcel, Yves Agid, Marie Vidailhet, Philippe Cornu, Audrey Tanguy, Solène Ansquer, Nematollah Jaafari, Emmanuel Poulet, Giulia Serra, Pierre Burbaud, Emmanuel Cuny, Bruno Aouizerate, Pierre Pollak, Stephan Chabardes, Mircea Polosan, Michel Borg, Denys Fontaine, Bruno Giordana, Sylvie Raoul, Tiphaine Rouaud, Anne Sauvaget, Isabelle Jalenques, Carine Karachi, Luc Mallet
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been proposed to treat patients with severe Tourette's syndrome, and open-label trials and two small double-blind trials have tested DBS of the posterior and the anterior internal globus pallidus (aGPi). We aimed to specifically assess the efficacy of aGPi DBS for severe Tourette's syndrome. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, controlled trial, we recruited patients aged 18-60 years with severe and medically refractory Tourette's syndrome from eight hospitals specialised in movement disorders in France...
August 2017: Lancet Neurology
Mari Saito, Makoto Hara, Momoko Ebashi, Akihiko Morita, Kyoko Okada, Taku Homma, Masahiko Sugitani, Kentaro Endo, Toshiki Uchihara, Satoshi Kamei
We report the case of a 79-year-old Japanese woman who developed cerebellar ataxia followed by rigidity, dysautonomia and cognitive disorders, and was thus clinically diagnosed as having possible MSA with dementia. Neuropathological findings demonstrated not only olivopontocerebellar and striatonigral degeneration with frequent glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs), but also degenerative changes in the parahippocampal region, accentuated in the anterior portion of perirhinal cortex, where neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCIs) and NFTs were numerous while GCIs were limited...
October 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
Bertrand Mathon, Vincent Navarro, Franck Bielle, Vi-Huong Nguyen-Michel, Alexandre Carpentier, Michel Baulac, Philippe Cornu, Claude Adam, Sophie Dupont, Stéphane Clemenceau
BACKGROUND: Hippocampal sclerosis is the most common cause of drug-resistant epilepsy amenable for surgical treatment and seizure control. This study aimed to analyze morbidities related to surgery of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis and to identify possible risk factors for complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of postoperative complications was made for 389 operations performed between 1990 and 2015 on patients aged 15-67 years (mean 36...
June 2017: World Neurosurgery
Arthur André, Anne-Laure Boch, Federico Di Maria, Aurélien Nouet, Nader Sourour, Stéphane Clémenceau, Joseph Gabrieli, Vincent Degos, Chiheb Zeghal, Jacques Chiras, Philippe Cornu, Frédéric Clarençon
OBJECT: The anterior choroidal artery (AChoA) is a rare location for intracranial aneurysms. The treatment of these aneurysms may be challenging due to the risk of occlusion of such a small and eloquent artery as the AChoA. We aimed to evaluate the risk factors for complications in AChoA aneurysm treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 47 consecutive AChoA aneurysms in 40 patients treated in our institution from 1999 and 2014 by endovascular means (87%) or surgical clipping (13%)...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
K Rhindress, D G Robinson, J A Gallego, R Wellington, A K Malhotra, P R Szeszko
BACKGROUND: Hippocampal dysfunction is considered central to many neurobiological models of schizophrenia, yet there are few longitudinal in vivo neuroimaging studies that have investigated the relationship between antipsychotic treatment and morphologic changes within specific hippocampal subregions among patients with psychosis. METHOD: A total of 29 patients experiencing a first episode of psychosis with little or no prior antipsychotic exposure received structural neuroimaging examinations at illness onset and then following 12 weeks of treatment with either risperidone or aripiprazole in a double-blind randomized clinical trial...
July 2017: Psychological Medicine
Lili Guo, Genji Bai, Hui Zhang, Daoyan Lu, Jiyong Zheng, Gang Xu
We aimed to analyze the association between resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (re-fMRI) and cognitive function (including language, executive, and memory functions) in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients, which will help to explore the mechanism of brain function in patients. 15 TLE patients and 15 non-TLE patients were recruited. All subjects underwent neuropsychological testing and memory functional evaluation. Changes in verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ), performance intelligence quotient (PIQ), full intelligence quotient (FIQ), and memory quotient (MQ) were compared between two groups...
December 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
L Su, Y O Faluyi, Y T Hong, T D Fryer, E Mak, S Gabel, L Hayes, S Soteriades, G B Williams, R Arnold, L Passamonti, P Vázquez Rodríguez, A Surendranathan, R W Bevan-Jones, J Coles, F Aigbirhio, J B Rowe, J T O'Brien
We studied neuroinflammation in individuals with late-life depression, as a risk factor for dementia, using [11 C]PK11195 positron emission tomography (PET). Five older participants with major depression and 13 controls underwent PET and multimodal 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), with blood taken to measure C-reactive protein (CRP). We found significantly higher CRP levels in those with late-life depression and raised [11 C]PK11195 binding compared with controls in brain regions associated with depression, including subgenual anterior cingulate cortex, and significant hippocampal subfield atrophy in cornu ammonis 1 and subiculum...
December 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Timothy B Meier, Melissa A Lancaster, Andrew R Mayer, T Kent Teague, Jonathan Savitz
There is a great need to identify potential long-term consequences of contact sport exposure and to identify molecular pathways that may be associated with these changes. We tested the hypothesis that football players with (Ath-mTBI) (n = 25) and without a concussion history (Ath) (n = 24) have altered resting state functional connectivity in regions with previously documented structural changes relative to healthy controls without football or concussion history (HC) (n = 27). As a secondary aim, we tested the hypothesis that group differences in functional connectivity are moderated by the relative ratio of neuroprotective to neurotoxic metabolites of the kynurenine pathway...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
Peter Falkai, Berend Malchow, Katharina Wetzestein, Verena Nowastowski, Hans-Gert Bernstein, Johann Steiner, Thomas Schneider-Axmann, Theo Kraus, Alkomiet Hasan, Bernhard Bogerts, Christoph Schmitz, Andrea Schmitt
The hippocampus is involved in cognition as well as emotion, with deficits in both domains consistently described in schizophrenia. Moreover, the whole volumes of both the anterior and posterior region have been reported to be decreased in schizophrenia patients. While fewer oligodendrocyte numbers in the left and right cornu ammonis CA4 subregion of the posterior part of the hippocampus have been reported, the aim of this stereological study was to investigate cell numbers in either the dentate gyrus (DG) or subregions of the anterior hippocampus...
July 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Giuseppe Mazza, Mattia Menchetti, Ronald Sluys, Eduard Solà, Marta Riutort, Elena Tricarico, Jean-Lou Justine, Luca Cavigioli, Emiliano Mori
Introduction of alien species may significantly affect soil ecosystems, through predation or disruption of components of native ecosystems (Winsor et al. 2004; Álvarez-Presas et al. 2014; Justine et al. 2014). Land planarians have been reported as alien species in soils throughout the world and, among those, some species are considered to be successful invaders, e.g. Platydemus manokwari de Beauchamp, 1963, Arthurdendyus triangulatus (Dendy, 1894), Bipalium adventitium Hyman, 1943, Bipalium kewense Moseley, 1878 and Dolichoplana striata Moseley, 1877 (Winsor et al...
January 26, 2016: Zootaxa
Ivy John, Andrew L Folpe
Anastomosing hemangioma, a recently recognized benign vascular neoplasm originally described in the kidney, may be confused with well-differentiated angiosarcoma. Rare cases of anastomosing hemangiomas have been described in the liver and in nonrenal genitourinary sites. We report a series of 17 anastomosing hemangiomas occurring in unusual locations, in particular in the paravertebral soft tissues. The 17 tumors occurred in 10 male and 6 female patients, ranging in age from 2 to 85 years. One patient had bilateral, synchronous tumors involving the right paracaval and left para-aortic soft tissues...
August 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Frédéric Clarençon, Federico Di Maria, Nader-Antoine Sourour, Joseph Gabrieli, Aurélien Nouet, Eimad Shotar, Evelyne Cormier, Robert Fahed, Philippe Cornu, Jacques Chiras
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performances of the CT-angiography by direct intra-aortic contrast media injection (IA-CTA) for spinal vascular malformations (SVMs)' imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients (8 males, 5 females, mean age: 56 y) with suspected SVM underwent IA-CTAs by direct intra-aortic iodinated contrast media injection (5 cc/s; 100 cc) via an arterial femoral or humeral access. Two independent observers evaluated the angioarchitecture of the SVMs and the visualisation of both the Adamkiewicz artery and the anterior spinal artery...
October 2016: European Radiology
Jianli Cui, Xu Gong, Ziping Jiang, Xin Yu, Yuejiao Liu, Laijin Lu
OBJECTIVE: To study the functional changes of median nerve after removing a certain bundle of it and to explore the functional reserve of median nerves. METHODS: 220 three-month old SD rats were randomly divided into experimental groups and sham groups. And the experimental group was further divided as 1/8 group, 1/4 group, 1/3 group, 1/2 group, and 2/3 group according to ratio of the resection portion, with 22 rats in each group. The section of the lowest level on median nerve trunks were exposed, and a certain portion of it were separated and resected in experimental group, while in sham groups, the nerve was only separated without resection...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Caroline Hoffmann, Nicolas Cornu, Stéphane Hans, Babak Sadoughi, Cécile Badoual, Daniel Brasnu
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Anterior commissure involvement is considered to be a risk factor for poorer outcomes after transoral laser cordectomy (TLC) for early glottic cancer. The objective of this study was to determine the outcomes and relevance of the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification in a large series of patients with early glottic cancer involving the anterior commissure treated by TLC. METHODS: The clinical and surgical parameters, as well as follow-up results, of the patients treated consecutively for early-stage glottic squamous cell carcinoma involving the anterior commissure (Tis, T1a, T1b, and T2) by transoral CO2 laser cordectomy in an urban academic medical center from January 2001 to March 2013 were analyzed retrospectively...
August 2016: Laryngoscope
Aymeric Amelot, Flore Baronnet-Chauvet, Edith Fioretti, Bertrand Mathon, Philippe Cornu, Aurélien Nouet, Dorian Chauvet
BACKGROUND: In most cases, glioblastomas are associated with seizures, headaches, neurological deficits, aphasia, or bleeding. But these tumors are rarely associated with cerebral infarction and never so deadly. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old man presented with sudden morning isolated aphasia. One hour later, he developed a motor deficit at right upper member, quickly completed with a total right hemiplegia. Imaging studies revealed a left frontotemporal enhancing glioblastoma with a perilesional edema which produced an important mass effect on the posterior arm of the external capsule, on the primary motor cortex posteriorly and the entire sylvian valley anteriorly...
October 2015: Neuroradiology Journal
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