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Nursing assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906481/experience-and-nursing-needs-of-school-age-children-undergoing-lumbar-puncture-during-the-treatment-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-descriptive-and-qualitative-study
#1
Anwei Xie, Yuying Shan, Mei E Niu, Yi Chen, Xiya Wang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe experiences and nursing needs of school-age Chinese children undergoing lumbar puncture for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). BACKGROUND: Lumbar puncture is an invasive procedure, causing psychological changes and physical discomfort in patients. In a previous study, it was proved that distraction intervention, such as music therapy, relieves pain and anxiety. There is limited evidence regarding the experience and needs of school-age children during lumbar puncture after being diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906477/blood-pressure-measurements-in-780-apparently-healthy-cats
#2
J R Payne, D C Brodbelt, V Luis Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Mean systolic blood pressure in apparently healthy cats has been reported as approximately 125 mmHg using direct assessment, but there is greater variability in reported values using indirect assessment. Increasing age and the white-coat effect are associated with increased systolic blood pressure. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To report Doppler-derived blood pressure measurements from a large population of apparently healthy cats and to assess epidemiologic factors associated with recorded blood pressures...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905990/oral-dental-items-in-the-resident-assessment-instrument-minimum-data-set-2-0-lack-validity-results-of-a-retrospective-longitudinal-validation-study
#3
Matthias Hoben, Jeffrey W Poss, Peter G Norton, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Oral health in nursing home residents is poor. Robust, mandated assessment tools such as the Resident Assessment Instrument - Minimum Data Set (RAI-MDS) 2.0 are key to monitoring and improving quality of oral health care in nursing homes. However, psychometric properties of RAI-MDS 2.0 oral/dental items have been challenged and criterion validity of these items has never been assessed. METHODS: We used 73,829 RAI-MDS 2.0 records (13,118 residents), collected in a stratified random sample of 30 urban nursing homes in Western Canada (2007-2012)...
October 21, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905932/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-instrument-clinical-learning-environment-and-supervision-for-medical-students-in-primary-health-care
#4
Eva Öhman, Hassan Alinaghizadeh, Päivi Kaila, Håkan Hult, Gunnar H Nilsson, Helena Salminen
BACKGROUND: Clinical learning takes place in complex socio-cultural environments that are workplaces for the staff and learning places for the students. In the clinical context, the students learn by active participation and in interaction with the rest of the community at the workplace. Clinical learning occurs outside the university, therefore is it important for both the university and the student that the student is given opportunities to evaluate the clinical placements with an instrument that allows evaluation from many perspectives...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905887/a-new-measure-for-infant-mental-health-screening-development-and-initial-validation
#5
Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E Holstein, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are a major public health challenges, and strategies of early prevention are needed. Effective prevention depends on feasible and validated measures of screening and intervention. Previous research has demonstrated potentials for infant mental health screening by community health nurses (CHN) in existing service settings in Denmark. This study was conducted to describe the development of a service setting based measure to screen for infant mental health problems, to investigate problems identified by the measure and assess the validity and feasibility in existing public health settings...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905663/identifying-applicants-suitable-to-a-career-in-nursing-a-value-based-approach-to-undergraduate-selection
#6
Marian Traynor, Despina Galanouli, Martin Roberts, Lawrence Leonard, Thomas Gale
AIMS: To complement existing evidence on the suitability of Multiple Mini Interviews as potential tool for the selection of nursing candidates on to a BSc (Hons) nursing programme. BACKGROUND: This study aimed to trial the Multiple Mini Interview approach to recruitment with a group of first year nursing students (already selected using traditional interviews). DESIGN: Cross-sectional validation study. This paper reports on the evaluation of the participants' detailed scores from the Multiple Mini Interview stations; their original interview scores and their end of year results...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905252/preparing-registrants-for-mentor-roles-the-chicken-or-egg-conundrum
#7
Claire McGuinness, Jacqueline McCallum, Kathleen Duffy
The Nursing and Midwifery Council's (NMC) Standards to Support Learning and Assessment in Practice ( 2008 ) outline requirements for the preparation of those who support nursing and midwifery pre-registration students in practice, formally known as mentors. Pre-registration nursing and midwifery programme providers, and practice learning environments (PLEs), work collaboratively to prepare registrants to undertake this role, and to help them maintain mentor status. An important NMC requirement is that registrants, when undertaking mentor preparation programmes, must be supported by experienced mentors in their workplace...
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905177/expressions-of-cultural-safety-in-public-health-nursing-practice
#8
Anna Richardson, Judy Yarwood, Sandra Richardson
Cultural safety is an essential concept within New Zealand nursing that is formally linked to registration and competency-based practice certification. Despite its centrality to New Zealand nursing philosophies and the stated expectation of cultural safety as a practice element, there is limited evidence of its application in the literature. This research presents insight into public health nurse's (PHN) experiences, demonstrating the integration of cultural safety principles into practice. These findings emerged following secondary analysis of data from a collaborative, educative research project where PHNs explored the use of family assessment tools...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904633/kirkpatrick-evaluation-model-for-in-service-training-on-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#9
Safoura Dorri, Malekeh Akbari, Mahmoud Dorri Sedeh
BACKGROUND: There are several evaluation models that can be used to evaluate the effect of in-service training; one of them is the Kirkpatrick model. The aim of the present study is to assess the in-service training of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for nurses based on the Kirkpatrick's model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study based on the Kirkpatrick's model in which the efficacy of in-service training of CPR to nurses was assessed in the Shahadaye Lenjan Hospital in Isfahan province in 2014...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904632/the-effect-of-reflexology-on-pain-perception-aspects-in-nurses-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-isfahan
#10
Maryam Eghbali Babadi, Fatemeh Nazari, Reza Safari, Samere Abdoli
BACKGROUND: The most important part in experiencing and recognizing the threshold of pain is the perception of pain. Reflexology is a kind of complementary therapy which is rooted in the beliefs of the community. This study was aimed to determine the effect of reflexology on pain perception aspects in patients with chronic low back pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-blind clinical trial study was performed on 50 nurses with chronic low back pain, who were selected by convenient sampling and then randomly divided into the case and the control groups...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903999/burnout-syndrome-among-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis-nurses
#11
Ayten Karakoc, Murvet Yilmaz, Nilufer Alcalar, Bennur Esen, Hasan Kayabasi, Dede Sit
INTRODUCTION: Burnout, a syndrome with 3 dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduction of personal accomplishment, is very common among hemodialysis nurses, while data are scarce regarding the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BS) among peritoneal dialysis (PD) nurses. This study aimed to assess and compare demographic and professional characteristics and burnout levels in hemodialysis and PD nurses, and to investigate factors that increase the level of burnout in dialysis nurses...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903981/nurse-like-cells-promote-cll-survival-through-lfa-3-cd2-interactions
#12
Frédéric Boissard, Marie Tosolini, Laetitia Ligat, Anne Quillet-Mary, Frederic Lopez, Jean-Jacques Fournié, Loic Ysebaert, Mary Poupot
In the tumoral micro-environment (TME) of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), nurse-like cells (NLC) are tumor-associated macrophages which play a critical role in the survival and chemoresistance of tumoral cells. This pro-survival activity is known to involve soluble factors, but few data are available on the relative role of cells cross-talk. Here, we used a transcriptome-based approach to systematically investigate the expression of various receptor/ligand pairs at the surface of NLC/CLL cells. Their relative contribution to CLL survival was assessed both by fluorescent microscopy to identify cellular interactions and by the use of functional tests to measure the impact of uncoupling these pairs with blocking monoclonal antibodies...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903827/effects-of-auricular-acupressure-on-constipation-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-a-randomized-control-trial
#13
Jeongran Shin, Hyojung Park
The purpose was to examine the effects of auricular acupressure to relieve constipation in patients with breast cancer who were undergoing chemotherapy. Participants were 52 patients with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy at E University Hospital, Seoul, Korea, randomized into two groups of equal size. For the experimental group, auricular acupressure was applied to seven auricular acupoints for 6 weeks using vaccaria seeds, whereas the control group received the usual care. Constipation-assessment scores of the experimental group were significantly lower compared with the control group (p < ...
November 30, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903306/dementia-care-worker-stress-associations-with-unit-type-resident-and-work-environment-characteristics-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-swiss-nursing-homes-human-resources-project-shurp
#14
Barbara Vogel, Sabina De Geest, Katharina Fierz, Sonja Beckmann, Franziska Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: Although caring for residents with dementia in nursing homes is associated with various stressors for care workers, the role of the unit type, and particularly the proportion of residents with dementia, remains unclear. This study aimed to explore associations between unit type and care worker stress, taking into account additional potential stressors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was a secondary data analysis in the Swiss Nursing Homes Human Resources Project, which included data from 3,922 care workers from 156 Swiss nursing homes...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903210/resource-use-governance-and-case-load-of-rapid-response-teams-in-australia-and-new-zealand-in-2014
#15
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Rapid response teams (RRTs) are a mandatory element of Australian national health care policy. However, the uptake, resourcing, case load and funding of RRTs in Australian and New Zealand hospitals remain unknown. AIM: To assess the clinical activity, funding, staffing and governance of RRTs in Australian and New Zealand hospitals. METHODS: Survey of Australian and New Zealand hospitals as part of a biannual audit of intensive care resources and capacity...
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902840/team-based-interprofessional-competency-training-for-dementia-screening-and-management
#16
Zaldy S Tan, JoAnn Damron-Rodriguez, Mary Cadogan, Daphna Gans, Rachel M Price, Sharon S Merkin, Lee Jennings, Heather Schickedanz, Sam Shimomura, Dan Osterweil, Joshua Chodosh
As many as 50% of people satisfying diagnostic criteria for dementia are undiagnosed. A team-based training program for dementia screening and management was developed targeting four professions (medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work) whose scope of practice involves dementia care. An interprofessional group of 10 faculty members was trained to facilitate four interactive competency stations on dementia screening, differential diagnoses, dementia management and team care planning, and screening for and managing caregiver stress...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902664/team-based-learning-improves-staff-nurses-knowledge-of-open-and-closed-chest-cardiac-surgical-resuscitation
#17
Marion E McRae, Alice Chan, Ai Jin Lee, Renee Hulett, Bernice Coleman
BACKGROUND: There are few reports of the use of 1-session team-based learning (TBL) in hospital settings and none to teach cardiac surgical resuscitation (CSR). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether 1-session TBL is an effective method to increase nursing knowledge of CSR. METHODS: The participating subjects viewed a PowerPoint presentation about CSR prior to the learning session. Participants completed a 16-item individual readiness assessment test...
January 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902662/surveillance-a-nursing-intervention-for-improving-patient-safety-in-critical-care-environment
#18
Dale M Pfrimmer, Maren R Johnson, Martha L Guthmiller, Joanna L Lehman, Vickie K Ernste, Lori M Rhudy
BACKGROUND: Nursing surveillance has been identified as a key intervention in early recognition and prevention of errors/adverse events. Nursing Intervention Classification (NIC) defines surveillance as "the purposeful and ongoing acquisition, interpretation, and synthesis of patient data for clinical decision making." Because nurses are the main staffing constant in the critical care environment, the importance of surveillance as an intervention is fundamental. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore how surveillance is expressed by critical care nurses...
January 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902661/assessment-of-clinical-alarms-influencing-nurses-perceptions-of-alarm-fatigue
#19
Emalie M Petersen, Cindy L Costanzo
BACKGROUND: Excessive clinical alarms have inundated health care for years. Multiple governing bodies, organizations, and facilities have deemed alarm management a priority. Alarm management is a multifaceted problem that affects all health care organizations and clinical staff, especially those in critical care units. Ultimately, the lack of knowledge regarding nurses' perceptions to alarm management and alarm fatigue creates patient safety chiasms. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to understand nurses' perceptions of alarm fatigue (utilizing the Healthcare Technology Foundation's Clinical Alarms Committee Survey) while implementing interventions that improve patient safety...
January 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902658/understanding-negative-predictive-value-of-diagnostic-tests-used-in-clinical-practice
#20
Reba A Umberger, Linda A Hatfield, Patricia M Speck
Nurses review, evaluate, and use diagnostic test results on a routine basis. However, the skills necessary to evaluate a particular test using statistical outcome measures is often lacking. The purpose of this article is to examine and interpret the underlying principles for use of the statistical outcomes of diagnostic screening tests (sensitivity, specificity, and positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values, with a discussion about use of SpPIn [Specificity, Positive test = rule in], and SnNOut [Sensitivity, Negative test = rule out]) in advanced nursing clinical practice...
January 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
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