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Duffy antigen

C Speake, A Pichugin, T Sahu, V Malkov, R Morrison, Y Pei, L Juompan, N Milman, S Zarling, C Anderson, N J MacDonald, S Wong-Madden, J Wendler, A Ishizuka, Z W MacMillen, V Garcia, S H Kappe, U Krzych, P E Duffy
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159449.].
2016: PloS One
Yang Cheng, Feng Lu, Bo Wang, Jian Li, Jin-Hee Han, Daisuke Ito, Deok-Hoon Kong, Lubin Jiang, Jian Wu, Kwon-Soo Ha, Eizo Takashima, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Jun Cao, Myat Htut Nyunt, Myat Phone Kyaw, Sanjay A Desai, Louis H Miller, Takafumi Tsuboi, Eun-Taek Han
Plasmodium vivax, a major agent of malaria in both temperate and tropical climates, has been thought to be unable to infect humans lacking the Duffy (Fy) blood group antigen because this receptor is critical for erythrocyte invasion. Recent surveys in various endemic regions, however, have reported P. vivax infections in Duffy-negative individuals, suggesting that the parasite may utilize alternative receptor-ligand pairs to complete the erythrocyte invasion. Here, we identified and characterized a novel parasite ligand, Plasmodium vivax GPI-anchored micronemal antigen (PvGAMA), that bound human erythrocytes regardless of Duffy antigen status...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
N Quraishy, S Sapatnekar
The clinical importance of blood group antigens relates to their ability to evoke immune antibodies that are capable of causing hemolysis. The most important antigens for safe transfusion are ABO and D (Rh), and typing for these antigens is routinely performed for patients awaiting transfusion, prenatal patients, and blood donors. Typing for other blood group antigens, typically of the Kell, Duffy, Kidd, and MNS blood groups, is sometimes necessary, for patients who have, or are likely to develop antibodies to these antigens...
2016: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
Beverly A Schaefer, Jonathan M Flanagan, Ofelia A Alvarez, Stephen C Nelson, Banu Aygun, Kerri A Nottage, Alex George, Carla W Roberts, Connie M Piccone, Thad A Howard, Barry R Davis, Russell E Ware
Discovery and validation of genetic variants that influence disease severity in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) could lead to early identification of high-risk patients, better screening strategies, and intervention with targeted and preventive therapy. We hypothesized that newly identified genetic risk factors for the general African American population could also impact laboratory biomarkers known to contribute to the clinical disease expression of SCA, including variants influencing the white blood cell count and the development of albuminuria and abnormal glomerular filtration rate...
2016: PloS One
Krzysztof Mikołajczyk, Radosław Kaczmarek, Marcin Czerwiński
Transcription factor EKLF (Erythroid Krüppel-Like Factor) belongs to the group of Krüppellike factors, which regulate proliferation, differentiation, development and apoptosis of mammalian cells. EKLF factor is present in erythroid cells, where it participates in regulation of hematopoiesis, expression of genes encoding transmembrane proteins (including blood group antigens), and heme biosynthesis enzymes. It is also a key factor in downregulation of γ-globins and activation of β-globin gene expression...
October 6, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Edward H Ntege, Nobuko Arisue, Daisuke Ito, Tomoyuki Hasegawa, Nirianne M Q Palacpac, Thomas G Egwang, Toshihiro Horii, Eizo Takashima, Takafumi Tsuboi
Genetic variability in Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites hampers current malaria vaccine development efforts. Here, we hypothesize that to address the impact of genetic variability on vaccine efficacy in clinical trials, conserved antigen targets should be selected to achieve robust host immunity across multiple falciparum strains. Therefore, suitable vaccine antigens should be assessed for levels of polymorphism and genetic diversity. Using a total of one hundred and two clinical isolates from a region of high malaria transmission in Uganda, we analyzed extent of polymorphism and genetic diversity in four recently reported novel blood-stage malaria vaccine candidate proteins: Rh5 interacting protein (PfRipr), GPI anchored micronemal antigen (PfGAMA), rhoptry-associated leucine zipper-like protein 1 (PfRALP1) and Duffy binding-like merozoite surface protein 1 (PfMSPDBL1)...
September 28, 2016: Vaccine
Tilman Todenhöfer, Emily Sunyong Park, Simon Duffy, Xiaoyan Deng, Chao Jin, Hamidreza Abdi, Hongshen Ma, Peter C Black
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTC) have become an important tool in the monitoring of patients with advanced prostate cancer (PC). The role of CTC in localized disease has been addressed by only few studies. However, results of CTC analyses are strongly dependent on the platform used for CTC enrichment and detection. In the present study, a microfluidic platform allowing for antigen-independent enrichment of CTC was investigated for its ability to detect CTC in patients with clinically localized PC...
September 19, 2016: Urologic Oncology
Mark R Gillrie, Bernard Renaux, Eleanor Russell-Goldman, Marion Avril, Andrew J Brazier, Koichiro Mihara, Enrico Di Cera, Danny A Milner, Morley D Hollenberg, Joseph D Smith, May Ho
UNLABELLED: Plasmodium falciparum malaria remains one of the most deadly infections worldwide. The pathogenesis of the infection results from the sequestration of infected erythrocytes (IRBC) in vital organs, including the brain, with resulting impairment of blood flow, hypoxia, and lactic acidosis. Sequestration occurs through the adhesion of IRBC to host receptors on microvascular endothelium by Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1), a large family of variant surface antigens, each with up to seven extracellular domains that can bind to multiple host receptors...
2016: MBio
Laura Duffy, Steven C O'Reilly
Autoinflammatory diseases are defined as the loss of self-tolerance in which an inflammatory response to self-antigens occurs, which are a significant global burden. Toll-like receptors are key pattern recognition receptors, which integrate signals leading to the activation of transcription factors and ultimately proinflammatory cytokines. Recently, it has become apparent that these are at the nexus of autoinflammatory diseases making them viable and attractive drug targets. The aim of this review was to evaluate the role of innate immunity in autoinflammatory conditions alongside the role of negative regulation while suggesting possible therapeutic targets...
2016: ImmunoTargets and Therapy
Vanessa C Nicolete, Sarah Frischmann, Susana Barbosa, Christopher L King, Marcelo U Ferreira
BACKGROUND:  Antibodies to the cysteine-rich domain II of Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein (PvDBP) can inhibit binding of this parasite ligand to its receptor on red blood cells, the Duffy antigen/receptor for chemokines. These binding-inhibitory antibodies (BIAbs) also inhibit P. vivax invasion of reticulocytes in vitro. METHODS:  To investigate whether naturally acquired anti-PvDBP antibodies are associated with reduced risk of clinical malaria in a population exposed to low levels of P...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Paola Ester López-Díaz, María Del Rocío Ruiz-Olivera, Luis Alberto Hernández-Osorio, Jaime Vargas-Arzola, Xareni Valle-Jiménez, Sergio Roberto Aguilar-Ruiz, Honorio Torres-Aguilar
Irregular antibodies are produced by alloimmunization because of pregnancies or blood transfusions. They are called "irregular" due to target erythrocyte antigens from "rare blood systems," those different from the ABO system. Irregular antibodies have been widely investigated in immunohematology since their presence in blood donors may lead to difficulties in blood typing and in blood cross-matching, or to induce hemolytic transfusion reactions. Nevertheless, their incidence and participation in the physiopathology of autoimmune diseases have not been thoroughly studied...
August 25, 2016: Immunologic Research
Francis B Ntumngia, Richard Thomson-Luque, Letícia de Menezes Torres, Karthigayan Gunalan, Luzia H Carvalho, John H Adams
UNLABELLED: Erythrocyte invasion by malaria parasites is essential for blood-stage development and an important determinant of host range. In Plasmodium vivax, the interaction between the Duffy binding protein (DBP) and its cognate receptor, the Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC), on human erythrocytes is central to blood-stage infection. Contrary to this established pathway of invasion, there is growing evidence of P. vivax infections occurring in Duffy blood group-negative individuals, suggesting that the parasite might have gained an alternative pathway to infect this group of individuals...
2016: MBio
Y Fichou, M Mariez, C Le Maréchal, C Férec
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from haemoglobinopathies may be treated by red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on a regular basis and then exposed to multiple antigens with a recurrent, potential risk of alloimmunization routinely prevented by extended RBC antigen cross-matching. While time-consuming and labour-intensive serological analyses are the gold standard for RBC typing, genotyping by current high-throughput molecular tools, including next-generation sequencing (NGS), appears to offer a potent alternative...
July 21, 2016: Vox Sanguinis
Cate Speake, Alexander Pichugin, Tejram Sahu, Vlad Malkov, Robert Morrison, Ying Pei, Laure Juompan, Neta Milman, Stasya Zarling, Charles Anderson, Sharon Wong-Madden, Jason Wendler, Andrew Ishizuka, Zachary W MacMillen, Valentino Garcia, Stefan H I Kappe, Urszula Krzych, Patrick E Duffy
Malaria vaccine development has been hampered by the limited availability of antigens identified through conventional discovery approaches, and improvements are needed to enhance the efficacy of the leading vaccine candidate RTS,S that targets the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) of the infective sporozoite. Here we report a transcriptome-based approach to identify novel pre-erythrocytic vaccine antigens that could potentially be used in combination with CSP. We hypothesized that stage-specific upregulated genes would enrich for protective vaccine targets, and used tiling microarray to identify P...
2016: PloS One
Fatemeh Alemi, Mohamed Elgendy, Bouchra Edderkaoui
Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) binds to a number of pro-inflammatory chemokines, and since chemokines are known to regulate trafficking of osteoclast (OC) precursors, we predicted that DARC would regulate OC recruitment to sites of inflammation by modulating chemokine activity. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the mRNA expression of Darc and the chemokines known to bind to DARC, in endothelial cells treated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The mRNA expression of Mcp-1, Rantes, Darc and Ccr5 was significantly increased in endothelial cells in response to LPS treatment...
July 4, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
Huseyin Bilgin, Abdulkadir Eren, Semra Kara
Many different blood group systems, such as Rh, ABO, Kell, Kidd, Duffy, MNS, have been reported as causes of hemolytic disease of the newborn. Hemolysis due to minor blood group incompatibility in the fetus or newborn has been determined in isolated case reports. Here, we report a case of a patient who had received red cell transfusion due to severe Rh c and E incompatibility, leading to hemolytic anemia with heart failure. The mother and the baby were grouped B and B, respectively, both being positive for RhD antigen...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Lidice Bernardo, Alaa Amash, Danielle Marjoram, Alan H Lazarus
Although the prevention of hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn is highly effective using polyclonal anti-D, a recombinant alternative is long overdue. Unfortunately, anti-D monoclonal antibodies have been, at best, disappointing. To determine the primary attribute defining an optimal antibody, we assessed suppression of murine red blood cell (RBC) immunization by single-monoclonal antibodies vs defined blends of subtype-matched antibodies. Allogeneic RBCs expressing the HOD antigen (hen egg lysozyme [HEL]-ovalbumin-human transmembrane Duffy(b)) were transfused into naïve mice alone or together with selected combinations of HEL-specific antibodies, and the resulting suppressive effect was assessed by evaluating the antibody response...
August 25, 2016: Blood
Jianyun Liu, Richard M Gallo, Carol Duffy, Randy R Brutkiewicz
CD1d-restricted T (natural killer T [NKT]) cells are important for controlling a herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. One of the mechanisms of immune evasion by HSV is to downregulate CD1d-mediated activation of NKT cells. VP22 is an HSV-1-encoded protein responsible for reorganizing the host cell's cytoskeletal network and viral spreading. We have previously shown that modification of the cytoskeleton can alter CD1d-mediated antigen presentation. In this study, we found that an HSV-1 lacking VP22 (ΔUL49) was impaired in its ability to inhibit CD1d-mediated antigen presentation compared with the wild-type (WT) virus; this was reversed by a repair virus (UL49R) in CD1d-expressing cells...
September 2016: Viral Immunology
Y Yu, C Ma, X Sun, X Guan, X Zhang, J Saldanha, L Chen, D Wang
Alloantibodies directed to red blood cell (RBC) antigens play an important role in alloimmune-mediated haemolytic transfusion reactions and haemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn. The frequencies and phenotypes of RBC antigens are different in populations from different geographic areas and races. However, the data on major blood group antigens in the Chinese Han population from Mainland China are still very limited; thus, we aimed to investigate them in this study. A total of 1412 unrelated voluntary Chinese Han blood donors were randomly recruited...
August 2016: International Journal of Immunogenetics
Florence Petit, Pascal Bailly, Jacques Chiaroni, Stéphane Mazières
BACKGROUND: The treatment of Plasmodium vivax infections requires the use of primaquine, which can lead to severe haemolysis in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient individuals. However, most of the Latin American countries, which are still endemic for vivax malaria, lack information on the distribution of G6PD deficiency (G6PDd). No survey has been performed so far in French Guiana. Herein, 80 individuals of the French Guianan Noir Marron population were scrutinized for red cell surface antigens of six blood group systems (ABO, Rh, Kell, Kidd, Duffy and MNS) and G6PD genetic polymorphisms...
2016: Malaria Journal
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