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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813578/incomitance-and-eye-dominance-in-intermittent-exotropia
#1
Daniel L Adams, John R Economides, Jonathan C Horton
Purpose: To determine if the deviation angle changes in subjects with intermittent exotropia as they alternate fixation between the right and left eye in primary gaze. Methods: In this prospective observational cohort study, 37 subjects with intermittent exotropia were tested for evidence of incomitance. The position of each eye was recorded with a video tracker during fixation on a small central target. A cover-uncover test was performed by occluding one eye with a shutter that passed infrared light, allowing continuous tracking of both eyes...
August 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803518/a-feminist-intervention-that-hurt-women-biological-differences-ergonomics-and-occupational-health-une-intervention-f%C3%A3-ministe-qui-a-nui-aux-femmes-diff%C3%A3-rences-biologiques-%C3%A3-galit%C3%A3-ergonomie-et-sant%C3%A3-au-travail
#2
Karen Messing
The University of Québec in Montréal has agreements with trade unions providing access to university resources. Researchers involved in this program worked in partnership with union women's and health and safety committees for more than twenty years. Not all studies succeeded in improving women's working conditions. One joint project involved observational studies of tasks done by health-care workers, complemented by interviews and questionnaires. We found that task assignments, movements, postures, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders varied by gender/sex and made recommendations for change...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789978/a-composite-indicator-to-assess-the-quality-of-care-in-the-management-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-outpatient-rheumatology-clinics
#3
María Auxiliadora Martín-Martínez, Jose Luis Andreu-Sanchez, Fernando Sanchez-Alonso, Hector Corominas, Jose Javier Perez-Venegas, Jose Andres Roman-Ivorra, Mercedes Alperi, Ricardo Blanco-Alonso, Rafael Caliz, Eugenio Chamizo-Carmona, Jenaro Graña-Gil, Blanca Hernández, Carlos Marras, Ramon Mazzucchelli, Julio Antonio Medina Luezas, Antonio Naranjo-Hernández, Ana Ortiz, Rosa Roselló, Ginés Sanchez-Nievas, Raimon Sanmartí, Paloma Vela-Casasempere
OBJECTIVE: The current guidelines in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) include the early diagnosis and early use of disease modifying drugs to achieve remission or low disease activity level, known as "Treat to Target" (T2T). The objective of this study is to develop a composite indicator (CI) to evaluate the quality of care in the management of patients with RA, according to the T2T strategy and other general recommendations concerning the management of these patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The phases of the construction of the CI were: 1) selection of quality criteria through expert judgment; 2) prioritization of the criteria, according to relevance and feasibility, applying the Delphi methodology (two rounds) involving 20 experts; 3) design of quality indicators; and 4) calculation of the weighted CI, using the mean value in relevance and feasibility granted by the experts...
August 5, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767912/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-functional-assessment-of-chronic-illness-therapy-cervical-dysplasia-facit-cd-to-evaluate-quality-of-life-in-women-with-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#4
Cristiane Menezes Sirna Fregnani, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Eliane Marçon Barroso, Mayara Goulart de Camargos, Audrey Tieko Tsunoda, Adhemar Longatto-Filho, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva
Objective: To translate and perform the cultural adaptation of the tool Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia (FACIT-CD) to the Portuguese language. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study, with translation and cultural adaptation of the assessment tool performed according to international guidelines and the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT) protocol group. It involved eight experts, six from Brazil, one from Portugal and one from the United States...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759425/managing-cutaneous-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#5
Bettina M Brown-Gallardo
Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a prevalent disease worldwide; an estimated one third of the world's population is infected and 2015 data from the World Health Organization show 10 million people had an active infection. Although TB often is cited as a disease that most commonly occurs in underdeveloped countries, the evolution of drug-resistant forms of TB and infection sensitivity of immunocompromised individuals have made this disease a focal point for indus- trialized countries as well. When TB is spread, it commonly affects the lungs, but it can infect any organ of the body...
July 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728924/strabismus-measurements-with-novel-video-goggles
#6
Konrad P Weber, Daniel Rappoport, Muriel Dysli, Tanja Schmückle Meier, Guy B Marks, Christopher J Bockisch, Klara Landau, Hamish G MacDougall
PURPOSE: To assess the validity of a novel, simplified, noninvasive test for strabismus using video goggles. DESIGN: Cross-sectional method comparison study in which the new test, the strabismus video goggles, is compared with the existing reference standard, the Hess screen test. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 41 adult and child patients aged ≥6 years with ocular misalignment owing to congenital or acquired paralytic or comitant strabismus and 17 healthy volunteers...
July 17, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728290/-advances-in-research-of-divergence-insufficiency
#7
Y P Li, W Zhang
Divergence insufficiency is acquired esotropia at distance fixation with symptomatic uncrossed diplopia but fusion at near. It can be divided into two forms: primary isolated form and secondary form associated with neurologic abnormalities, also called divergence palsy. The clinical features of divergence insufficiency include small esotropia only at distance but orthotropia or small esophoria at near, comitant deviation at lateral gaze, reduced divergence fusion, full abduction and normal saccadic velocities in abduction...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713925/the-atrophy-of-white-and-gray-matter-volume-in-patients-with-comitant-strabismus-evidence-from-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#8
Jun Ouyang, Lu Yang, Xin Huang, Yu-Lin Zhong, Pei-Hong Hu, Ying Zhang, Chong-Gang Pei, Yi Shao
To compare the difference in white matter volume (WMV) and gray matter volume (GMV) between the comitant strabismus (CS) patients and health controls by voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and the relationship with behavioral performance. A total of 20 patients with comitant strabismus (10 males and 10 females), and 20 healthy subjects (10 males and 10 females) with matched age, sex status underwent magnetic resonance examination. The authors analyzed the original 3D T1 brain images using the VBM module. The comitant strabismus groups were compared with the control groups for the GMW and WMV of the entire brain...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709886/five-year-follow-up-results-of-a-prospective-multicenter-study-in-overactive-bladder-subjects-treated-with-sacral-neuromodulation
#9
Steven Siegel, Karen Noblett, Jeffrey Mangel, Jason Bennett, Tomas L Griebling, Suzette E Sutherland, Erin T Bird, Craig Comiter, Daniel Culkin, Samuel Zylstra, Fangyu Kan, Kellie Chase Berg
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate therapeutic success rate, changes in quality of life (QOL) and safety with sacral neuromodulation (SNM) at 5 years after InterStim™ implant. Subjects with bothersome symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) including urinary urge incontinence (UI) and/or urgency-frequency (UF), who had failed at least 1 anticholinergic medication and had at least 1 medication untried were included. METHODS: Therapeutic success was defined as a UI or UF response: ≥ 50% improvement in average leaks or voids/day or a return to normal voiding (<8 voids/day)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699991/factors-influencing-the-missed-nursing-care-in-patients-from-a-private-hospital
#10
Raúl Hernández-Cruz, María Guadalupe Moreno-Monsiváis, Sofía Cheverría-Rivera, Aracely Díaz-Oviedo
Objective: to determine the factors that influence the missed nursing care in hospitalized patients. Methods: descriptive correlational study developed at a private hospital in Mexico. To identify the missed nursing care and related factors, the MISSCARE survey was used, which measures the care missed and associated factors. The care missed and the factors were grouped in global and dimension rates. For the analysis, descriptive statistics, Spearman's correlation and simple linear regression were used...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687026/urodynamics-of-men-with-urinary-retention
#11
David P Guo, Craig V Comiter, Christopher S Elliott
OBJECTIVES: To describe the urodynamic characteristics of men with urinary retention, and to show the diverse treatment plans based on urodynamic findings. METHODS: We carried out a 3-year retrospective review of men with urinary retention who were referred to our clinic for urodynamic evaluation. Men with a history of neurogenic voiding dysfunction or major pelvic surgery were excluded. Multichannel videourodynamic studies were carried out, and the subsequent treatment modality offered was recorded...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684066/-quality-of-life-of-patients-carrying-an-urinary-diversion
#12
Y Neuzillet, M Rouprêt
INTRODUCTION: A urinary diversion is more often needed in the context of total cystectomy for bladder cancer. This pathology and this surgical resection alter the quality of life of patients. This article reviews the consequences of urinary diversions on patients' quality of life and ways to minimize them. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A systematic review of the literature search was performed from the databases Medline (NLM, Pubmed) and Embase, focused on the following keywords: "cystectomy"; "urinary diversion"; "quality of life"; "stoma"; "education"...
July 3, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679330/altered-brain-network-centrality-in-patients-with-adult-comitant-exotropia-strabismus-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#13
Gang Tan, Zeng-Renqing Dan, Ying Zhang, Xin Huang, Yu-Lin Zhong, Lin-Hong Ye, Rong Rong, Lei Ye, Qiong Zhou, Yi Shao
Objective To investigate the underlying functional network brain-activity changes in patients with adult comitant exotropia strabismus (CES) and the relationship with clinical features using the voxel-wise degree centrality (DC) method. Methods A total of 30 patients with CES (17 men, 13 women), and 30 healthy controls (HCs; 17 men, 13 women) matched in age, sex, and education level participated in the study. DC was used to evaluate spontaneous brain activity. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was conducted to distinguish CESs from HCs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661930/simultaneous-versus-sequential-ptosis-and-strabismus-surgery-in-children
#14
Karen E Revere, Gil Binenbaum, Jonathan Li, Monte D Mills, William R Katowitz, James A Katowitz
PURPOSE: The authors sought to compare the clinical outcomes of simultaneous versus sequential ptosis and strabismus surgery in children. METHODS: Retrospective, single-center cohort study of children requiring both ptosis and strabismus surgery on the same eye. Simultaneous surgeries were performed during a single anesthetic event; sequential surgeries were performed at least 7 weeks apart. Outcomes were ptosis surgery success (margin reflex distance 1 ≥ 2 mm, good eyelid contour, and good eyelid crease); strabismus surgery success (ocular alignment within 10 prism diopters of orthophoria and/or improved head position); surgical complications; and reoperations...
June 28, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642003/strabismus-and-binocular-diplopia-due-to-advanced-glaucomatous-visual-field-loss
#15
Cheryl L Khanna, Jonathan M Holmes
PURPOSE: To describe a small series of patients with glaucoma whose strabismus and binocular diplopia were due to advanced visual field loss and inability to maintain sensory and motor fusion. METHODS: This study is an observational case series of 3 patients with binocular diplopia, associated with variable strabismus, which was due to advanced visual field loss. RESULTS: Specific characteristics of the strabismus associated with advanced glaucomatous visual field loss were a subjective floating second image and marked variability of the prism and alternate cover measurements...
June 20, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591303/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-clinical-competence-questionnaire-for-use-in-brazil
#16
Danielle Ritter Kwiatkoski, Maria de Fátima Mantovani, Evani Marques Pereira, Carina Bortolato-Major, Ângela Taís Mattei, Aida Maris Peres
Objective: translating and transculturally adapting the Clinical Competence Questionnaire to Brazilian senior undergraduate Nursing students, as well as measuring psychometric properties of the questionnaire. Method: a methodological study carried out in six steps: translation of the Clinical Competence Questionnaire instrument, consensus of the translations, back-translation, analysis by an expert committee, pre-testing and then presentation of the cross-cultural adaptation process to the developers...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591302/translation-and-adaptation-of-the-competencias-esenciales-en-salud-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-para-los-recursos-humanos-en-salud
#17
Maria de Lourdes de Almeida, Aida Maris Peres, Maria Manuela Frederico Ferreira, Maria de Fátima Mantovani
Objective: to perform the translation and cultural adaptation of the document named Marco Regional de Competencias Esenciales en Salud Pública para los Recursos Humanos en Salud de la Región de las Américas (Regional Framework of Core Competencies in Public Health for Health Human Resources in the Region of Americas) from Spanish to Brazilian Portuguese. Method: a methodological study comprising the following phases: authorization for translation; initial translation; synthesis of translations and consensus; back-translation and formation of an expert committee...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574497/stepping-into-the-virtual-unknown-feasibility-study-of-a-virtual-reality-based-test-of-ocular-misalignment
#18
N Nesaratnam, P Thomas, A Vivian
IntroductionDissociated tests of strabismus provide valuable information for diagnosis and monitoring of ocular misalignment in patients with normal retinal correspondence. However, they are vulnerable to operator error and rely on a fixed head position. Virtual reality headsets obviate the need for head fixation, while providing other clear theoretical advantages, including complete control over the illumination and targets presented for the patient's interaction.PurposeWe compared the performance of a virtual reality-based test of ocular misalignment to that of the traditional Lees screen, to establish the feasibility of using virtual reality technology in ophthalmic settings in the future...
June 2, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573996/ridge-at-the-medial-rectus-muscle-insertion-a-new-anatomical-landmark
#19
Jitendra Jethani, Monika Jethani, Sonal Amin
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Rectus muscle insertions are usually linear or slight curved with the anterior convexity. While operating squint surgeries, we found a presence of ridge-like structure at the medial rectus insertion. None of the other rectus muscle insertions had such structure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing squint surgery were included in the study. All the patients had negative forced duction test for all the gazes and had comitant strabismus. The patients underwent surgery through the fornix route...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546936/clinical-characteristics-of-sibling-patients-with-comitant-strabismus
#20
Haeng Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics of sibling patients with comitant strabismus. METHODS: Sibling patients who were diagnosed with comitant strabismus from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Factors including age, sex, types of strabismus, refractive errors, angle of deviation, and coexistence of other strabismus were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients (31 pairs of siblings) were included. Of these, 26 pairs had intermittent exotropia, 3 had accommodative esotropia, and 2 had infantile esotropia...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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