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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506723/a-chronicle-of-surgical-thinking-and-doing-for-exotropia-innovations-and-rediscoveries
#1
Edward L Raab
PURPOSE: To review the evolution of theories and practices concerning surgery for exotropia over the last approximately 200 years. METHODS: Major ophthalmology texts and relevant references were reviewed to discover experience and thinking concerning the causes of comitant intermittent and constant exotropia and corrective surgical approaches. RESULTS: The concept that excessive divergence is the cause of comitant exotropia has given way to one recognizing that this disorder is a position of rest modified by convergence...
May 12, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417623/a-real-life-comparison-between-allergenic-extracts-and-allergenic-molecules
#2
Giorgio Ciprandi, Paola Comite, Francesca Ferrero, Michele Mussap
Serum IgE assay is a mainstay step in the allergy work up. Allergenic extracts and molecular components are available at present. This real life study compared the serum specific IgE levels against allergenic extracts with allergenic molecules in patients allergic to Parietaria, Betulaceae, and mites. This retrospective real life study included 489 subjects with respiratory allergy. Inclusion criteria were 1) documented diagnosis of allergic rhinitis (AR) and/or allergic asthma, and 2) documented allergy to Parietaria judaica (Par j) 2 (216 patients: 112 females, mean age 42 years), or to Betula verrucosa (Bet v) 1 (62 patients: 35 females, mean age 3 years), or Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) 1 (211 patients: 107 females, mean age 34 years); and mono-allergy...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346903/the-oceanus-statue-of-the-fontana-di-trevi-rome-the-analysis-of-black-crust-as-a-tool-to-investigate-the-urban-air-pollution-and-its-impact-on-the-stone-degradation
#3
Mauro F La Russa, Paola Fermo, Valeria Comite, Cristina M Belfiore, Donatella Barca, Annamaria Cerioni, Marina De Santis, Lorena Francesca Barbagallo, Michela Ricca, Silvestro A Ruffolo
This paper deals with the analysis of black crust coming from the statue of Oceanus belonging to the Fontana di Trevi (Rome). This monument is undoubtedly one of the main touristic attractions of Rome. During the restoration held between 2014 and 2015, some diagnostic analyses had been carried out. It has been highlighted that the sheltered surfaces suffer the formation of black crust, especially on the marble statues. The possibility to sample those degradation products, together with the unaltered substrate, represented an excellent opportunity to characterize the marble itself, to assess the impact of the urban air pollution on the stone material, and to detect the pollutant on a precise timescale...
March 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294588/prescriptive-appropriateness-using-inhalant-and-food-allergen-panels-a-comparison-between-general-practitioners-and-allergists-prescription-in-genoa-italy
#4
G Ciprandi, P Comite, F Ferrero, R Montaruli, M Mussap
Background. Prescriptive appropriateness is an actual claim in healthcare, and it also concerns in vitro tests used in the allergy work-up, such as the serum allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) assay. In the Liguria Region, two panels were defined (for inhaled and food allergens) including 12 allergens. Their composition changed over time. Objectives. The aims of the present retrospective study were: i) to evaluate the percentage of positive tests, and ii) to compare the findings of sIgE assay on the basis of the general practictioners' (GPs) or specialist' prescription, considering both the old panels and the new panels...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255448/effects-of-different-early-rehabilitation-techniques-on-haemodynamic-and-metabolic-parameters-in-sedated-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-single-bind-cross-over-trial
#5
Clément Medrinal, Yann Combret, Guillaume Prieur, Aurora Robledo Quesada, Tristan Bonnevie, Francis Edouard Gravier, Éric Frenoy, Olivier Contal, Bouchra Lamia
INTRODUCTION: Early rehabilitation has become widespread practice for patients in intensive care; however, the prevalence of intensive care unit-acquired weakness remains high and the majority of physiotherapy is carried out in bed. Several inbed rehabilitation methods exist, but we hypothesise that techniques that provoke muscle contractions are more effective than passive techniques. METHODS: A randomised, controlled cross-over study will be carried out to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of early rehabilitation techniques on cardiac output (CO) in sedated patients in intensive care...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165540/attitudes-towards-organ-donation-and-relation-to-wish-to-donate-posthumously
#6
Julius Weiss, David Shaw, Roger Schober, Viviana Abati, Franz F Immer, Comité National du Don d'Organes Cndo
BACKGROUND: Organs donated for transplantation remain a scarce resource in Switzerland. One of the reasons for this situation is the high percentage of patients or families who refuse to consent to donation. This study aimed to provide an overview of attitudes towards organ donation among Swiss residents, including any intention to donate organs after death, and whether they had already declared their wish and/or communicated it to anyone. METHODS: A representative poll investigating the attitude of the Swiss population towards deceased organ donation was conducted between 16 and 28 March 2015...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159395/can-pan-allergens-affect-the-sensitization-pattern
#7
Giorgio Ciprandi, Paola Comite, Marco Bruzzone, Vincenzo Fontana
The present study tested the hypothesis that a pan-allergen sensitization may affect the sensitization pattern. For this reason, 22 sensitization pattern allergens (SPA), common in Genoa (Italy), were selected for analyses. Successively, five of them, such as Pru p 3 as representative for LTP family, Bet v 1 and Pru p 1 for PR-10, and Bet v 2 and Pru p 4 for Profilin, were used as target allergens (TA). This retrospective study included 1059 subjects, (396 males and 663 females, mean age 42.8 years). The current study showed that sensitization to a pan-allergen entails higher odds to have other sensitizations...
January 28, 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154805/the-impact-of-age-on-pru-p-3-ige-production-in-italy
#8
Giorgio Ciprandi, Mara De Amici, Maria Luisa Di Martino, Fiorella Barocci, Paola Comite
BACKGROUND: Pollen allergy may be frequently associated with fruit-vegetables: the so-called pollen food syndrome. Pru p 3 is the most relevant peach allergen. Previously, it has been reported that serum specific IgE level to Pru p 3 depends on age in a limited geographic area. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to to test the hypothesis about the differences of Pru p 3 sensitization across Italy, mainly concerning the impact of age. METHODS: The current study was retrospective and multicentre, involving 2 labs in Northern Italy (709 subjects), 1 in Genoa (1,040 subjects), and 1 in Southern Italy (2,188 subjects)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153593/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-implementing-quality-standards-in-hospital-day-care-units-in-rheumatology-qualitative-approach-to-the-valora-study
#9
María Auxiliadora Martín Martínez, Gustavo Andrés Zaragoza Gaynor, Carmen Martínez Fernández, Milena Gobbo Montoya, Rosario García-Vicuña
OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers and facilitators in the implementation of quality standards in hospital day care units (HDCU) in rheumatology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed appraisals of HDCU in terms of standards for structure, processes and results. The qualitative approach was conducted through 13 discussion groups created by rheumatology health professionals (7), nursing professionals (4) and HDCU patients (2). The recruitment of informants was done through purposive sampling, attending to variables that form the perceptions of the HDCU...
January 30, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057455/comparison-of-botulinum-toxin-with-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-acute-onset-comitant-esotropia-in-children
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Michael J Wan, Iason S Mantagos, Ankoor S Shah, Melanie Kazlas, David G Hunter
PURPOSE: To determine whether botulinum toxin is as effective as strabismus surgery in the treatment of acute-onset comitant esotropia in children. DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative clinical study. METHODS: Setting: Tertiary care pediatric hospital. STUDY POPULATION: Forty-nine children with acute-onset comitant esotropia. INTERVENTION: Treatment with either botulinum toxin ("chemodenervation group") or standard incisional strabismus surgery ("surgery group")...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040349/-effect-of-drugs-for-osteoporosis-on-cardiovascular-diseases-and-effect-of-cardio-vascular-drugs-on-osteoporosis
#11
REVIEW
Michel Laroche, Yannick Degboe, Hubert Blain, Véronique Breuil, Roland Chapurlat, Bernard Cortet, Bruno Sutter
Osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases are epidemiologically associated. Calcification phenomena of atherosclerotic plaque involve cytokines and growth factors also involved in bone remodeling. Drugs given for either of these two conditions could act on these mechanisms. Can osteoporosis drugs have an influence on the occurrence of cardiovascular events? Conversely, can the treatment of hypertension alter the course of osteoporosis? It is possible that administration of high doses of calcium (1g/day) in patients who already have important dietary intake can increase the risk of myocardial infarction...
March 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018672/acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia-in-adults-is-it-neurologic-or-not
#12
Kadriye Erkan Turan, Tulay Kansu
Objectives. Acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) can be a diagnostic challenge for ophthalmologists and neurologists because of its association with neurological pathologies. Our study describes a series of adult patients with AACE of undetermined etiology. Methods. Data on the clinical findings of patients presented with AACE of undetermined etiology with a minimum follow-up of 1 year were retrieved from the medical records and the results analyzed. Results. A series of 9 esotropia cases (age range: 20-43 years) was reviewed...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009406/the-frequency-and-causes-of-abnormal-head-position-based-on-an-ophthalmology-clinic-s-findings-is-it-overlooked
#13
Kadriye Erkan Turan, Hande Taylan Sekeroglu, Irem Koc, Meltem Kilic, Ali S Sanac
PURPOSE: To determine the frequency of abnormal head position (AHP) and identify the underlying causes in patients who presented to an ophthalmology clinic due to any ophthalmologic complaint. METHODS: The medical records of patients who presented with any ophthalmologic symptoms during a 6-month period were prospectively evaluated. In all, 2,710 patients (1,492 female and 1,218 male) aged 6 months-91 years were included in the study. Each patient underwent complete ophthalmologic evaluation...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998899/effect-of-the-type-of-maternal-pushing-during-the-second-stage-of-labour-on-obstetric-and-neonatal-outcome-a-multicentre-randomised-trial-the-eole-study-protocol
#14
Chloé Barasinski, Françoise Vendittelli
INTRODUCTION: The scientific data currently available do not allow any definitive conclusion to be reached about what type of pushing should be recommended to women during the second stage of labour. The objective of this trial is to assess and compare the effectiveness of directed open-glottis pushing versus directed closed-glottis pushing. Secondary objectives are to assess, according to the type of pushing: immediate maternal and neonatal morbidity, intermediate-term maternal pelvic floor morbidity, uncomplicated birth, and women's satisfaction at 4 weeks post partum...
December 20, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876424/surface-and-volume-non-invasive-methods-for-the-structural-monitoring-of-the-bass-relief-madonna-con-bambino-gorizia-northern-italy
#15
Maria Francesca Alberghina, Andrea Macchia, Patrizia Capizzi, Salvatore Schiavone, Silvestro Antonio Ruffolo, Valeria Comite, Marianna Barberio, Mauro Francesco La Russa
Structural analysis of marble statues, carried out by non-invasive and in situ methods, is crucial to define the state of conservation of the artworks and to identify the deterioration phenomena that can affect them. In this work, we combined in situ non-destructive techniques, ultrasonic tomography (US), ultraviolet-induced visible fluorescence (UV-IF) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) to study the bass-relief 'Madonna con Bambino' (Gorizia, Italy). The US revealed the presence of some metallic pivots, associated with areas of high sound velocity; moreover, a more degraded area has been identified in the lower part of the bass-relief...
November 23, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832234/stop-bang-questionnaire-translation-to-portuguese-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-for-use-in-brazil
#16
Lorena Barbosa de Moraes Fonseca, Erika Aparecida Silveira, Nathalia Meireles Lima, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi
Objective: To translate and perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck circumference, and Gender (STOP-Bang) questionnaire so that it can be used as a screening tool for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea in Brazil. Methods: Based on the principles of good practice for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of such instruments, the protocol included the following steps: acquisition of authorization from the lead author of the original questionnaire; translation of the instrument to Brazilian Portuguese, carried out by two translators; reconciliation; back-translation to English, carried out by two English teachers who are fluent in Portuguese; review of the back-translation; harmonization; review and approval of the questionnaire by the original author; cognitive debriefing involving 14 patients who completed the questionnaire; analysis of the results; and review and preparation of the final version of the instrument approved by the review committee...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777570/interactions-between-obesity-status-and-dietary-intake-of-monounsaturated-and-polyunsaturated-oils-on-human-gut-microbiome-profiles-in-the-canola-oil-multicenter-intervention-trial-comit
#17
Shuaihua Pu, Hamidreza Khazanehei, Peter J Jones, Ehsan Khafipour
Long-term dietary fatty acid intake is believed to induce changes in the human gut microbiome which might be associated with human health or obesity status; however, considerable debate remains regarding the most favorable ratios of fatty acids to optimize these processes. The objective of this sub-study of a double-blinded randomized crossover clinical study, the canola oil multi-center intervention trial, was to investigate effects of five different novel oil blends fed for 30 days each on the intestinal microbiota in 25 volunteers with risk of metabolic syndrome...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737387/translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-kidney-disease-loss-scale-to-the-brazilian-context
#18
Ana Carolina Ottaviani, Fabiana de Souza Orlandi
Introduction: Losses can be conceptualized as cognitive and affective responses to individual sorrows, characterized by brooding, yearning, disbelief and stunned feelings, being clinically significant in chronic diseases. Objective: The aim of the study was to translate, culturally adapt and validate the Kidney Disease Loss Scale into Portuguese. Methods: Validation study involving the steps recommended in the literature for healthcare instruments: initial translation, synthesis of translations, back translation, review by a committee of judges and pretest...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725927/a-developmental-and-sequenced-one-to-one-educational-intervention-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-single-blind-controlled-trial
#19
Antoine Tanet, Annik Hubert-Barthelemy, Graciela C Crespin, Nicolas Bodeau, David Cohen, Catherine Saint-Georges
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who also exhibit severe-to-moderate ranges of intellectual disability (ID) still face many challenges (i.e., less evidence-based trials, less inclusion in school with peers). METHODS: We implemented a novel model called the "Developmental and Sequenced One-to-One Educational Intervention" (DS1-EI) in 5- to 9-year-old children with co-occurring ASD and ID. The treatment protocol was adapted for school implementation by designing it using an educational agenda...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696194/advanced-mortar-coatings-for-cultural-heritage-protection-durability-towards-prolonged-uv-and-outdoor-exposure
#20
F Pino, P Fermo, M La Russa, S Ruffolo, V Comite, J Baghdachi, E Pecchioni, F Fratini, G Cappelletti
In the present work, two kinds of hybrid polymeric-inorganic coatings containing TiO2 or SiO2 particles and prepared starting from two commercial resins (Alpha®SI30 and Bluesil®BP9710) were developed and applied to two kinds of mortars (an air-hardening calcic lime mortar [ALM] and a natural hydraulic lime mortar [HLM]) to achieve better performances in terms of water repellence and consequently damage resistance. The two pure commercial resins were also applied for comparison purposes. Properties of the coated materials and their performance were studied using different techniques such as contact angle measurements, capillary absorption test, mercury intrusion porosimetry, surface free energy, colorimetric measurements and water vapour permeability tests...
May 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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