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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333846/-food-allergy-in-children-recommendations-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#1
(no author information available yet)
Food allergy arises from a specific immune response induced by food exposure. It is the first cause of anaphylaxis in childhood. Its prevalence increased exponentially in western countries. The proteins most frequently involved in infants are cow's milk and hen's egg; and in adults, seafood. Peanuts have the same frequency in both groups. The clinical manifestations and methodology of study are directly related to the pathophysiology of the disease. Clinical history, skin prick test, patch test, and food oral challenge are essential to arrive at a correct diagnosis, that will avoid unnecessary exclusions or exposures that carry life risk...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325383/-clinical-features-and-surgical-outcomes-of-acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia
#2
M Y Ren, Q Wang, L H Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and surgical outcomes of patients with acute acquired concomitant esotropia (AACE) type Ⅱ(AACE-Ⅱ) and type Ⅲ (AACE-Ⅲ). Methods: Retrospective case series analysis. Medical records of consecutive patients who underwent strabismus surgery for AACE-Ⅱ and AACE-Ⅲ in Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University between January 2011 and June 2016 with a minimum follow-up time of 3 months were collected. Each patient underwent a complete ophthalmological and orthoptic examination to exclude esotropia resulting from other reasons, and a systemic assessment to exclude AACE related to intracranial and systemic diseases...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302874/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-in-pre-menopausal-females-after-ablative-radioiodine-treatment-for-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#3
Massimo Giusti, Miranda Mittica, Paola Comite, Claudia Campana, Stefano Gay, Michele Mussap
PURPOSE: In recent years, anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) has been considered a reliable index of ovarian reserve. There are few data on AMH values in thyroid cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate AMH levels in pre-menopausal women with a history of low-risk thyroid cancer. METHODS: Thirty-four women (aged 40.7 ± 6.7 years) were studied 7.1 ± 0.9 years after surgery and at least one RAI treatment. A group of 23 thyroid cancer women (41.6 ± 7...
January 4, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282263/feasibility-of-2-d-ultrasound-shear-wave-elastography-of-fetal-lungs-in-case-of-threatened-preterm-labour-a-study-protocol
#4
Nicolas Mottet, Sébastien Aubry, Chrystelle Vidal, Guillaume Boiteux, Jean-Patrick Metz, Didier Riethmuller, Lionel Pazart, Rajeev Ramanah
INTRODUCTION: 2-D ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) could be considered as a new noninvasive tool for monitoring fetal lung development based on evaluation of mechanical properties during pregnancy. Interesting results are available concerning the use of SWE on developing organs, especially on premature infants and animal models. The main objective in this study is to evaluate the feasibility of 2-D SWE in human fetal lungs between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation (WG). The secondary objective is to modellise fetal lung-to-liver elastography ratio (LLE ratio) and to assess variations between normal lung and lung surfactant-enriched after a corticosteroids course indicated for a threatened preterm labour (TPL)...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234923/non-inferiority-multicenter-prospective-randomized-controlled-study-of-rectal-cancer-t2-t3s-superficial-n0-m0-undergoing-neoadjuvant-treatment-and-local-excision-tem-vs-total-mesorectal-excision-tme
#5
X Serra-Aracil, C Pericay, T Golda, L Mora, E Targarona, S Delgado, A Reina, F Vallribera, J M Enriquez-Navascues, S Serra-Pla, J C Garcia-Pacheco
PURPOSE: The standard treatment of rectal adenocarcinoma is total mesorectal excision (TME), in many cases requires a temporary or permanent stoma. TME is associated with high morbidity and genitourinary alterations. Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) allows access to tumors up to 20 cm from the anal verge, achieves minimal postoperative morbidity and mortality rates, and does not require an ostomy. The treatment of T2, N0, and M0 cancers remains controversial. Preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in association with TEM reduces local recurrence and increases survival...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145257/clinical-features-of-acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia-in-the-chinese-populations
#6
Tao Fu, Jing Wang, Moran Levin, Ping Xi, Dongguo Li, Junfa Li
Acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) is an unusual presentation of esotropia that occurs after infancy. This study was aimed to study the clinical features and the differences between children and adult patients with AACE in the Chinese populations.This was a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with AACE over 4 years; 69 patients (25 females and 44 males) were identified. The patients were divided into 3 groups: < 10 year-old (n = 6, 8.7%), 10-18 year-old (n = 23, 33.3%), and ≥18 year-old (n = 40, 58...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133648/modified-adjustable-suture-hang-back-recession-description-of-technique-and-comparison-with-conventional-adjustable-hang-back-recession
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Siddharth Agrawal, Vinita Singh, Ankur Yadav, Sonal Bangwal, Vishal Katiyar
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe and compare modified hang-back recession with the conventional hang-back recession in large angle comitant exotropia (XT). METHODS: A prospective, interventional, double-blinded, randomized study on adult patients (>18 years) undergoing single eye recession-resection for large angle (>30 prism diopters) constant comitant XT was conducted between January 2011 and December 2015. Patients in Group A underwent modified hang-back lateral rectus recession with adjustable knot while in Group B underwent conventional hang-back recession with an adjustable knot...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062608/mgst2-and-wnt2-are-candidate-genes-for-comitant-strabismus-susceptibility-in-japanese-patients
#8
Jingjing Zhang, Toshihiko Matsuo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Strabismus is a common condition with misalignment between two eyes that may lead to decrease of visual acuity, lack of binocularity, and diplopia. It is caused by heterogeneous environmental and genetic risk factors. Our previous research has identified new chromosomal susceptibility loci in 4q28.3 and 7q31.2 regions for comitant strabismus in Japanese families. We conducted a verification study by linkage analysis to narrow the chromosomal loci down to a single gene...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061609/caregivers-quality-of-life-and-psychological-health-in-response-to-functional-cognitive-neuropsychiatric-and-social-deficits-of-patients-with-brain-tumour-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Carole Ramirez, Véronique Christophe, Charlotte Dassonneville, Delphine Grynberg
INTRODUCTION: Patients with gliomas generally present cognitive, neuropsychiatric and functional deficits. Although previous research has shown that their caregivers present a poor quality of life and poor mental health, only a few studies have tested in a comprehensive way which deficits/preserved abilities of patients predominantly impact their caregivers. Furthermore, only a few studies have focused on the social impact of gliomas, which may also damage the caregivers' quality of life...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058024/management-of-renal-transplant-urolithiasis-a-multicentre-study-by-the-french-urology-association-transplantation-committee
#10
J Branchereau, M O Timsit, Y Neuzillet, T Bessède, R Thuret, M Gigante, X Tillou, R Codas, J Boutin, A Doerfler, F Sallusto, T Culty, V Delaporte, N Brichart, B Barrou, L Salomon, G Karam, J Rigaud, L Badet, F Kleinklauss
PURPOSE: Urolithiasis is rare among renal transplant recipients and its management has not been clearly defined. METHODS: This multicentre retrospective study was organised by the Comité de Transplantation de l'Association Française d'Urologie (French Urology Association transplantation committee). Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 19 software. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients were included in this study. Renal transplant urolithiasis was an incidental finding in 55% of cases, mostly on a routine follow-up ultrasound examination...
October 22, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977228/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-moral-distress-scale-revised-for-nurses
#11
Aline Marcelino Ramos, Edison Luiz Devos Barlem, Jamila Geri Tomaschewski Barlem, Laurelize Pereira Rocha, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin, Aline Belletti Figueira
Objective: Cross-culturally adapt and validate the Moral Distress Scale-Revised for nurses. Method: Quantitative, analytical cross-sectional study conducted with 157 nurses of two hospital institutions of Southern Brazil, one public and one philanthropic. Procedures conducted: cultural adaptation of the instrument according to international recommendations; validation for the Brazilian context. Results: Face and content validation was considered satisfactory as assessed by a specialist committee and a pretest...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965100/evolution-of-pain-at-3-months-by-oral-resveratrol-in-knee-osteoarthritis-arthrol-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Christelle Nguyen, Isabelle Boutron, Gabriel Baron, Emmanuel Coudeyre, Francis Berenbaum, Serge Poiraudeau, François Rannou
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA) pathophysiology is driven in part by joint inflammation. Resveratrol has in vitro anti-inflammatory properties. We aim to assess the efficacy of oral resveratrol for knee pain at 3 months in people with knee OA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Overall, 164 individuals with knee OA fulfilling 1986 American College of Rheumatology criteria will be recruited in three tertiary care centres in France and randomised to receive oral resveratrol, 40 mg (two caplets) two times per day for 1 week, then 20 mg (one caplet) two times per day or a matching placebo for a total of 6 months...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876410/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-emic-stigma-scale-for-people-with-leprosy-in-brazil
#13
Fabiane Frota da Rocha Morgado, Erika Maria Kopp Xavier da Silveira, Anna Maria Sales, Lilian Pinheiro Rodrigues do Nascimento, Euzenir Nunes Sarno, José Augusto da Costa Nery, Aldair J Oliveira, Ximena Illarramendi
OBJECTIVE: Describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the "Explanatory Model Interview Catalog - Stigma Scale" for people affected by leprosy in Brazil. METHODS: After being authorized by the author of the scale to use it in the national context, we initiated the five steps process of cross-cultural adaptation: (1) translation, (2) synthesis meeting, (3) back-translation, (4) committee of experts and (5) pre-test. The internal consistency of the scale was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient...
September 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851779/protocol-for-a-randomised-double-masked-sham-controlled-phase-4-study-on-the-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-intravitreal-aflibercept-monotherapy-compared-with-aflibercept-with-adjunctive-photodynamic-therapy-in-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-the-atlantic
#14
João Pedro Marques, Cláudia Farinha, Miguel Ângelo Costa, Ângela Ferrão, Sandrina Nunes, Rufino Silva
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept (IVA) with sham photodynamic therapy (sPDT) versus IVA with verteporfin PDT (vPDT) in a Caucasian population with treatment-naive polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), enrolling into a treat and extend (T&E) regimen. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Randomised, double-masked, sham-controlled, multicentre phase 4 investigator-driven clinical trial. The primary outcomes are (1) change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline and (2) polyp regression at week 52, assessed by indocyanine green angiography (ICGA)...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821511/development-and-validation-of-clinical-prediction-models-for-mortality-functional-outcome-and-cognitive-impairment-after-stroke-a-study-protocol
#15
Marion Fahey, Anthony Rudd, Yannick Béjot, Charles Wolfe, Abdel Douiri
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is a leading cause of adult disability and death worldwide. The neurological impairments associated with stroke prevent patients from performing basic daily activities and have enormous impact on families and caregivers. Practical and accurate tools to assist in predicting outcome after stroke at patient level can provide significant aid for patient management. Furthermore, prediction models of this kind can be useful for clinical research, health economics, policymaking and clinical decision support...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813578/incomitance-and-eye-dominance-in-intermittent-exotropia
#16
Daniel L Adams, John R Economides, Jonathan C Horton
Purpose: To determine if the deviation angle changes in subjects with intermittent exotropia as they alternate fixation between the right and left eye in primary gaze. Methods: In this prospective observational cohort study, 37 subjects with intermittent exotropia were tested for evidence of incomitance. The position of each eye was recorded with a video tracker during fixation on a small central target. A cover-uncover test was performed by occluding one eye with a shutter that passed infrared light, allowing continuous tracking of both eyes...
August 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803518/a-feminist-intervention-that-hurt-women-biological-differences-ergonomics-and-occupational-health-une-intervention-f%C3%A3-ministe-qui-a-nui-aux-femmes-diff%C3%A3-rences-biologiques-%C3%A3-galit%C3%A3-ergonomie-et-sant%C3%A3-au-travail
#17
Karen Messing
The University of Québec in Montréal has agreements with trade unions providing access to university resources. Researchers involved in this program worked in partnership with union women's and health and safety committees for more than twenty years. Not all studies succeeded in improving women's working conditions. One joint project involved observational studies of tasks done by health-care workers, complemented by interviews and questionnaires. We found that task assignments, movements, postures, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders varied by gender/sex and made recommendations for change...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789978/a-composite-indicator-to-assess-the-quality-of-care-in-the-management-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-outpatient-rheumatology-clinics
#18
María Auxiliadora Martín-Martínez, Jose Luis Andreu-Sanchez, Fernando Sanchez-Alonso, Hector Corominas, Jose Javier Perez-Venegas, Jose Andres Roman-Ivorra, Mercedes Alperi, Ricardo Blanco-Alonso, Rafael Caliz, Eugenio Chamizo-Carmona, Jenaro Graña-Gil, Blanca Hernández, Carlos Marras, Ramon Mazzucchelli, Julio Antonio Medina Luezas, Antonio Naranjo-Hernández, Ana Ortiz, Rosa Roselló, Ginés Sanchez-Nievas, Raimon Sanmartí, Paloma Vela-Casasempere
OBJECTIVE: The current guidelines in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) include the early diagnosis and early use of disease modifying drugs to achieve remission or low disease activity level, known as "Treat to Target" (T2T). The objective of this study is to develop a composite indicator (CI) to evaluate the quality of care in the management of patients with RA, according to the T2T strategy and other general recommendations concerning the management of these patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The phases of the construction of the CI were: 1) selection of quality criteria through expert judgment; 2) prioritization of the criteria, according to relevance and feasibility, applying the Delphi methodology (two rounds) involving 20 experts; 3) design of quality indicators; and 4) calculation of the weighted CI, using the mean value in relevance and feasibility granted by the experts...
August 5, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767912/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-functional-assessment-of-chronic-illness-therapy-cervical-dysplasia-facit-cd-to-evaluate-quality-of-life-in-women-with-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#19
Cristiane Menezes Sirna Fregnani, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Eliane Marçon Barroso, Mayara Goulart de Camargos, Audrey Tieko Tsunoda, Adhemar Longatto-Filho, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva
Objective: To translate and perform the cultural adaptation of the tool Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia (FACIT-CD) to the Portuguese language. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study, with translation and cultural adaptation of the assessment tool performed according to international guidelines and the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT) protocol group. It involved eight experts, six from Brazil, one from Portugal and one from the United States...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759425/managing-cutaneous-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#20
Bettina M Brown-Gallardo
Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a prevalent disease worldwide; an estimated one third of the world's population is infected and 2015 data from the World Health Organization show 10 million people had an active infection. Although TB often is cited as a disease that most commonly occurs in underdeveloped countries, the evolution of drug-resistant forms of TB and infection sensitivity of immunocompromised individuals have made this disease a focal point for indus- trialized countries as well. When TB is spread, it commonly affects the lungs, but it can infect any organ of the body...
July 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
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