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nigella sativa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230814/nigella-sativa-l-as-an-alternative-antibiotic-feed-supplement-and-effect-on-growth-performance-in-weanling-pigs
#1
Branko T Petrujkić, Ross C Beier, Haiqi He, Kenneth J Genovese, Christina L Swaggerty, Michael E Hume, Tawni L Crippen, Roger B Harvey, Robin C Anderson, David J Nisbet
BACKGROUND: Nigella sativa L. (NS) is a plant containing bioactive constituents like thymoquinone. Extracts of NS improve performance and reduce enteropathogen colonization in poultry and small ruminants but studies with swine are lacking. In two different studies oral administration of NS extracts at doses equivalent to 0, 1.5 and 4.5 g extract kg-1 diet was assessed on piglet performance and intestinal carriage of wildtype Escherichia coli and Campylobacter, and Salmonella Typhimurium...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223554/oral-administration-of-nigella-sativa-oil-and-thymoquinone-attenuates-long-term-cisplatin-treatment-induced-toxicity-and-oxidative-damage-in-rat-kidney
#2
Zeba Farooqui, Faaiza Shahid, Aijaz Ahmed Khan, Farah Khan
Cisplatin (CP) is an effective anti-cancer drug which causes remarkable toxicity to the kidney, particularly to proximal tubules, by generating reactive oxygen species. Nigella sativa (NS), commonly known as "black cumin" reduces the progression of various kidney disorders. Thymoquinone (TQ), the major bioactive constituent of NS seeds, has been credited for various pharmacological effects of NS. Since, a typical clinical CP dosing regimen involves CP administration in multiple cycles over a long time duration, hence the present study aimed to evaluate the renoprotective efficacy of NS oil and TQ against multiple dose CP treatment induced deleterious biochemical and histological alterations in rat kidney...
December 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216568/nigella-sativa-oil-modulates-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-against-liver-injury-in-irradiated-rats
#3
Rasha R Radwan, Heba A Mohamed
Stem cell transplantation is a novel strategy for regenerative medicine in liver disease. This study was conducted to explore the modulatory effect of Nigella sativa oil (NSO) on the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) against irradiation-induced liver damage in rats. Liver damage was induced by a total body exposure to a single dose of 7Gy. NSO (2mg/kg/day) was then given orally for 4 consecutive weeks starting 24h after irradiation with or without a single intravenous MSCs administration, then rats were sacrificed four weeks after exposure to γ radiation...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204176/thymoquinone-protects-the-rat-kidneys-against-renal-fibrosis
#4
Rahimeh Bargi, Fereshteh Asgharzadeh, Farimah Beheshti, Mahmoud Hosseini, Mehdi Farzadnia, Majid Khazaei
Thymoquinone (TQ) is the main active ingredient of Nigella sativa seeds with various pharmacological effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TQ on renal fibrosis and permeability and oxidative stress status in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in male rats. Eighty male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups as follow: control (received normal saline), LPS (1 mg/kg/day), and LPS+TQ (by doses of 2, 5 and 10 mg/kg/day). After three weeks, the biochemical parameters such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine in serum samples, oxidative stress markers including malondialdehyde (MDA), total thiol groups, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities in renal tissue homogenate and renal permeability (evaluated by Evan's blue dye method) were measured and renal fibrosis was evaluated, histologically using Masson's trichrome staining...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200724/bioassay-guided-isolation-of-neuroprotective-fatty-acids-from-nigella-sativa-against-1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium-induced-neurotoxicity
#5
Leila Hosseinzadeh, Hoda Monaghash, Farahnaz Ahmadi, Nastaran Ghiasvand, Yalda Shokoohinia
Objective: Parkinson's disease, a slowly progressive neurological disease, is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine. The main aspects of researches are the protection of normal neurons against degeneration. Fatty acids (FAs), the key structural elements of dietary lipids, are carboxylic straight chains and notable parameters in nutritional and industrial usefulness of a plant. Materials and Methods: Black cumin, a popular anti-inflammatory and antioxidant food seasoning, contains nonpolar constituents such as FAs which were extracted using hexane...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197940/thymoquinone-augments-cisplatin-induced-apoptosis-on-esophageal-carcinoma-through-mitigating-the-activation-of-jak2-stat3-pathway
#6
Xue Hu, Jingjing Ma, Vikash Vikash, Jiao Li, Dandan Wu, Ya Liu, Jixiang Zhang, Weiguo Dong
BACKGROUND: Thymoquinone (TQ) is the major constituent of Nigella sativa seed and has shown biological activity in various human carcinomas. However, few studies have reported its effect on esophageal carcinoma (EC). AIMS: To explore the chemosensitive effect and mechanism of TQ in augmentation of cisplatin (DDP)-induced apoptosis of EC, both in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: The viability and apoptosis of esophageal carcinoma cells were detected by the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, flow cytometry, and Hoechst 33258 staining...
December 2, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189187/thymoquinone-tq-a-potential-therapeutic-molecule-role-of-colloidal-carriers-in-its-effective-delivery
#7
Poonam Negi, Charul Rathore, Gajanand Sharma, Bhupinder Singh Bhoop, Om Prakash Katare
From the past few decades, remarkable awareness has been laid on the use of herbal medicines in pharmaceutical research. Thymoquinone (TQ), the main chemical constituent of Nigella sativa (NS) plant has been extensively explored and revealed an array of therapeutic benefits in different in vitro and in vivo conditions. This review provides brief outline of the diverse therapeutics actions of TQ and NS viz. anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, gastro-protective, hepato-protective, anti-microbial and anti-histaminic...
November 29, 2017: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172688/effect-of-nanoparticle-treatment-on-expression-of-a-key-gene-involved-in-thymoquinone-biosynthetic-pathway-in-nigella-sativa-l
#8
Mir Mohammad Hassan Kahila, Amin Mahdi Najy, Mahdi Rahaie, Mohammad Mir-Derikvand
Thymoquinone is the most important secondary metabolite in black Cumin, which has several pharmaceutical applications. In this study, effect of TiO2 and SiO2 nanoparticles as new elicitors, on expression of Geranyl diphosphate synthase gene (GPPS gene), as a key gene involved in thymoquione biosynthesis pathway was investigated in two Iranian accessions. Plants were treatment in the early flowering stage and after 24 h of 50 and 100 mg/L of each nanoparticle, separately. After RNA extraction, GPPS gene expression was analysed by qRT-PCR method...
November 27, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169727/effects-of-separate-and-concurrent-supplementation-of-nano-sized-clinoptilolite-and-nigella-sativa-on-oxidative-stress-anti-oxidative-parameters-and-body-weight-in-rats-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Hossein Omidi, Sirus Khorram, Mehran Mesgari, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Ali Tarighat-Esfanjani
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of separate and concurrent supplementation of natural nano-sized clinoptilolite (NCLN) and Nigella sativa (NS) on oxidative stress (OS), anti-oxidative parameters and body weight (BW) in high-fat-diet (HFD)/streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: In this experimental study, 42 male Wistar rats were divided into diabetic (n=36) and non-diabetic (n=6) groups. The diabetic group (DG) was fed with a HFD for one month, then injected with intra-peritoneal single dose STZ (35 mg/kg BW)...
November 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162539/modulation-of-diverse-oncogenic-transcription-factors-by-thymoquinone-an-essential-oil-compound-isolated-from-the-seeds-of-nigella-sativa-linn
#10
REVIEW
Muthu K Shanmugam, Frank Arfuso, Alan Prem Kumar, Lingzhi Wang, Boon Cher Goh, Kwang Seok Ahn, Anupam Bishayee, Gautam Sethi
Thymoquinone (TQ), isolated almost fifty years ago, is the main bioactive constituent of black seed essential oil extracted from the seed of Nigella sativa. TQ has been shown to have promising effects against a variety of inflammatory diseases and cancer. Cancer development is a multistep process where normal cells acquire qualities that enable the cells to proliferate continuously and migrate to distant sites in the human body. Drugs that interfere with this process are considered potential anti-cancer therapeutics, which may ultimately result in their clinical usage...
November 18, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156287/protective-effect-of-nigella-sativa-on-4-nonylphenol-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-1822
#11
Ahmed M Kotb, Mahmoud Abd-Elkareem, Nasser S Abou Khalil, Alaa El-Din H Sayed
The aim of this study was to examine the protective effects of Nigella sativa (N. sativa) on 4-Nonylphenol-induced nephrotoxicity in Clarias gariepinus. 30 fishes were divided into five groups: control, 4-nonylphenol-treated, 1% N. sativa treated, 2.5% N. sativa treated, and 5% N. sativa treated. N. sativa and 4-Nonylphenol were given for 3weeks. 4-NP and 4-NP-N. sativa treated fishes were compared with the control group. Kidney histology, immunochemistry, and electron microscope were assessed after 4-NP exposure...
November 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154069/nigella-sativa-improves-glucose-homeostasis-and-serum-lipids-in-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Reza Daryabeygi-Khotbehsara, Mahdieh Golzarand, Mohammad Payam Ghaffari, Kurosh Djafarian
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE(S): Global prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is very high and is currently growing alarmingly. With respect to recent researchers' attention to the potential role of herbal medicine in disease prevention and management, the present meta-analysis review investigates the effectiveness of Nigella sativa (N. sativa), a popular herb, in T2D. METHODS: Literature search was conducted covering PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane Registry of Clinical Trials up to February 2017 to obtain the relevant published intervention studies...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142424/apoptotic-effect-of-nigella-sativa-on-human-lymphoma-u937-cells
#13
Belkis Atasever Arslan, Fatma Busra Isik, Hazal Gur, Fatih Ozen, Tunc Catal
Objective: Nigella sativa is from botanical Ranunculaceae family and commonly known as black seed. Apoptotic effect of N. sativa and its apoptotic signaling pathways on U937 lymphoma cells are unknown. Materials and Methods: In this study, we investigated selective cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of N. sativa extract and its apoptotic mechanisms on U937 cells. In addition, we also studied selective cytotoxic activity of thymoquinone that is the most active essential oil of N...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142399/the-effect-of-thymoquinone-on-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-levels-and-oxidative-dna-damage-on-experimental-diabetic-rats
#14
Ayşe Usta, Semiha Dede
Background: Thymoquinone (TQ), the basic bioactive phytochemical constituent of seed oil of Nigella sativa, is one of these herbal drugs known for antidiabetic effects. This study was carried out to assess the effects of the possible role of TQ on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and oxidative DNA damage levels in experimental diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight male Wistar Albino rats (200-250 g) were used as experimental subjects. The rats were divided into four groups, including the control, control supplemented with TQ (CT), diabetic (D), and diabetic supplemented with TQ (DT), each containing seven rats...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105641/enhancement-of-memory-function-by-antioxidant-potential-of-nigella-sativa-l-oil-in-restrained-rats
#15
Sana Sadaf, Shaista Emad, Naveed Ali Siddiqui, Seemeen Ghafoor, Sarwat Yousuf, Bushra Jabeen, Saida Haider, Tahira Perveen
Stress is a vulnerable state to cellular homeostasis which leads to oxidative damage via free radical generation. The acute stress induces alteration in antioxidant enzyme activities to an extent which produce oxidative stress and causes certain pathological conditions. The use of Nigella sativa L. oil (NSO) in folk medicine has increased throughout the world for the prevention or treatment of various ailments because of potent antioxidant properties. In the present study, potential therapeutic effects of NSO on memory in both unrestrained and 2h restrained rats were observed...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103284/carcass-traits-fatty-acid-composition-gene-expression-oxidative-stability-and-quality-attributes-of-different-muscles-in-dorper-lambs-fed-nigella-sativa-seeds-rosmarinus-officinalis-leaves-and-their-combination
#16
Kifah Jumaah Odhaib, Kazeem Dauda Adeyemi, Awis Qurni Sazili
Objective: This study examined the influence of dietary supplementation of Nigella sativa seeds, Rosmarinus officinalis leaves and their combination on carcass attributes, fatty acid (FA) composition, gene expression, lipid oxidation and physicochemical properties of longissimus dorsi (LD), semitendinosus (ST) and supraspinatus (SS) muscles in Dorper lambs. Methods: Twenty-four Dorper lambs (18.68±0.6 kg, 4-5 months old) were randomly assigned to a concentrate mixture containing either, no supplement (control, T1), 1% Rosmarinus officinalis leaves (T2), 1% Nigella sativa seeds (T3), or 1% Rosmarinus officinalis leaves + 1% Nigella sativa seeds (T4) on a dry matter basis...
November 3, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080612/an-overview-on-cardioprotective-and-anti-diabetic-effects-of-thymoquinone
#17
REVIEW
Tahereh Farkhondeh, Saeed Samarghandian, Abasalt Borji
Thymoquinone (TQ), one of the active components of Nigella sativa exhibited to have many biological effects. Several beneficial effects of TQ such as its antidiabetic, antioxidant, anticancer, hypolipidemic, and anti-inflammatory activities have been recognized. The present review focuses on the findings of recent studies on the protective effects of TQ against cardiovascular diseases. In the current review, we additionally concluded that TQ may be therapeutically effective agents for controlling diabetes and hyperlipidemia by decreasing the oxidative stress and inflammatory responses...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076670/effects-of-nigella-sativa-on-various-parameters-in-patients-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#18
Mazhar Hussain, Ali Gul Tunio, Lubna Akhtar, Ghulam Serwar Shaikh
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of progressive liver disorders worldwide. Drug options are limited with varying results. Nigella sativa in the form of herbal medicine could be another option because of its strong historical background. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect Nigella sativa on various parameters in patients of NAFLD. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted at outpatient clinic of medical unit-1 of Sheikh Zayed Medical College/Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan, in which seventy patients of NAFLD were divided in to interventional and non-interventional groups...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075062/antiproliferative-and-apoptosis-inducing-activities-of-thymoquinone-in-lymphoblastic-leukemia-cell-line
#19
Amin Soltani, Batoul Pourgheysari, Hedayatollah Shirzad, Zahra Sourani
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is one of the malignant proliferations of lymphoid cells in the early stages of differentiation and accounts for about 80% of all cases of childhood leukemia. Side effects of available treatment are still main concern. Thymoquinone (TQ), a natural compound isolated from Nigella sativa, induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in several cancer cell lines. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of TQ alone and in combination with doxorubicine on the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis induction of TQ in a lymphoblastic leukemia cell line...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055179/nigella-sativa-oil-protects-the-rat-ovary-from-oxidative-injury-due-to-ischemia-reperfusion
#20
Melahat Atasever, Zeyneb Bakacak
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Nigella sativa (N. sativa) oil (NSO) on ovarian oxidative damage following ischemia-reperfusion injury, using a rat model of ovarian torsion. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-eight female albino Wistar rats were divided into six groups: (Group 1) laparotomy only; (Group 2) intraperitoneal NSO (2 ml/kg), 1 hour following laparotomy; (Group 3) 3 hours of ovarian ischemia; (Group 4) 3 hours of ovarian ischemia followed by 3 hours of reperfusion; (Group 5) 3 hours of ovarian ischemia and 2 ml/kg of NSO 1 hour before laparotomy; (Group 6) 3 hours of reperfusion after 3 hours of ovarian ischemia and 2 ml/mg of NSO 1 hour before laparotomy...
October 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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