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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541426/mortality-and-morbidity-due-to-exposure-to-ambient-no-2-so-2-and-o-3-in-isfahan-in-2013-2014
#1
Ali Abdolahnejad, Negar Jafari, Amir Mohammadi, Mohammad Miri, Yaghoub Hajizadeh
Background: The presence of air pollutants such as CO, NO2 , SO2 , O3 , and PM in the ambient air mainly emitted from fossil fuels combustion has become a major health concern. The aims of this study were to estimate the attribution of NO2 , SO2 , and O3 in the premature deaths and prevalence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Isfahan in 2013-2014. Methods: In this study, short-term health effects (total mortality, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and acute myocardial infarction) of exposure NO2 , SO2 , and O3 on the population of Isfahan were assessed using AirQ 2...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524199/self-pressurized-air-q-%C3%A2-intubating-laryngeal-airway-versus-the-lma-%C3%A2-classic%C3%A2-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Sang Hee Ha, Min-Soo Kim, Jiwoo Suh, Jong Seok Lee
PURPOSE: The self-pressurized air-Q® (air-Q SP) intubating laryngeal airway is a relatively new supraglottic airway (SGA) device. The intracuff pressure of air-Q dynamically equilibrates with the airway pressure and adjusts to the patient's pharyngeal and periglottic anatomy, potentially providing improved airway fit and seal. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to compare the clinical performance of air-Q to the LMA® Classic™ SGA. METHODS: Adult patients requiring general anesthesia for elective surgery were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to either air-Q SP or the LMA Classic SGA...
February 6, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217156/air-q-%C3%A2-versus-lma-fastrach%C3%A2-for-fiberoptic-guided-intubation-a-randomized-cross-over-manikin-trial
#3
M Portas, M I Canal, M Barrio, M Alonso, P Cabrerizo, M López-Gil, M Zaballos
INTRODUCTION: Airway management is still a major cause of anesthesia-associated morbidity and mortality. Supraglottic devices are recommended in difficult airway management guidelines. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of the Air-Q® and the LMA Fastrach™ for fiberoptic guided tracheal intubation. METHODS: Thirty-three anesthesia trainees participated in this randomized crossover study. Time to insert the dedicated airways (insertion of the airway into the manikin and delivery of two breaths), time to tracheal intubation (fiberoptic-guided tracheal intubation), time to remove the dedicated airway (removal of the Air-Q® /LMA Fastrach™ over the tracheal tube) and the opinion of the ease of use of the anesthesia trainees were measured...
March 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058266/limitations-of-pediatric-supraglottic-airway-devices-as-conduits-for-intubation-an-in-vitro-study
#4
Maren Kleine-Brueggeney, Manuel Kotarlic, Lorenz Theiler, Robert Greif
PURPOSE: Supraglottic airway devices (SGAs) can be used as conduits for intubation, but data and manufacturers' recommendations for pediatric SGA are incomplete and sometimes misleading. This situation can result in the use of incompatible combinations of SGAs and endotracheal tubes (ETTs). To address this mismatch possibility, we performed an in vitro study to establish an overview of possible combinations of SGAs and ETTs. METHODS: We tested the passage of ETTs through SGAs in vitro and subsequent SGA removal with eight pediatric SGAs and six ETTs of different sizes in vitro...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033717/comparison-of-oropharyngeal-leak-pressure-of-air-q%C3%A2-i-gel%C3%A2-and-laryngeal-mask-airway-supreme%C3%A2-in-adult-patients-during-general-anesthesia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Srinath Damodaran, Sameer Sethi, Surender Kumar Malhotra, Tanvir Samra, Souvik Maitra, Vikas Saini
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Various randomized controlled trials and a meta-analysis have compared i-gel™ and laryngeal mask airway Supreme™ (LMA-S™) in adult patients and found that both the devices provided equivalent oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP). However, no randomized controlled trial has compared air-Q™ with i-gel™ and LMA-S™ in adult patient. Hence, we designed this study to compare air-Q™ with LMA-S™ and i-gel™ in adult patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 adult patients of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I/II of both sexes, between 18 and 60 years, were included in this prospective randomized controlled trial conducted in a tertiary care center...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874304/effect-of-cricoid-pressure-on-the-insertion-efficacy-of-six-supraglottic-devices-a-crossover-randomized-simulation-trial
#6
Fumihiro Ohchi, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Ryosuke Mihara, Kazuo Hattori, Toshiaki Minami
BACKGROUND: No study has ever compared the efficacy of various types of supraglottic devices (SGDs) for securing the airway under cricoid pressure. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of six SGDs, LMA-ProSeal (ProSeal), LMA-Classic (Classic), Laryngeal Tube (LT), LMA-Supreme (Supreme), air-Q (air-Q), and i-gel (i-gel), in airway management under cricoid pressure using a manikin. METHODS: Fifteen novice doctors and 16 experienced doctors used the six SGDs under cricoid or sham pressure on an adult manikin...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865448/pediatric-supraglottic-airway-devices-in-clinical-practice-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Maren Kleine-Brueggeney, Anne Gottfried, Sabine Nabecker, Robert Greif, Malte Book, Lorenz Theiler
BACKGROUND: Supraglottic airway devices (SGA) are commonly used in pediatric anesthesia and serve as primary or back-up devices for difficult airway management. Most SGA are marketed without proper clinical evaluation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the pediatric LMA Supreme™, Air-Q® and Ambu® Aura-i™. METHODS: This prospective observational study was performed at Bern University Hospital, Switzerland. With ethics committee approval and a waiver for written informed consent 240 children undergoing elective surgery with an ASA class I-III and a weight of 5-30 kg were included...
September 2, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658109/exchange-of-supraglottic-airways-for-endotracheal-tube-using-the-eschmann-introducer-during-simulated-child-resuscitation-a-randomized-study-comparing-4-devices
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lukasz Szarpak, Zenon Truszewski, Joseph Vitale, Logan Glosser, Kurt Ruetzler, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the application of the Eschmann tracheal tube introducer (ETTI) with 4 types of supraglottic airway devices (SADs) using a child-manikin. METHODS: A total of 79 paramedics were asked to exchange the 4 SADs for an endotracheal tube with the ETTI in 3 different scenarios using a randomized crossover study format: normal airway without chest compression; normal airway with uninterrupted chest compression; and difficult airway with uninterrupted chest compression...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203730/influence-of-head-and-neck-position-on-ventilation-using-the-air-q%C3%A2-sp-airway-in-anaesthetized-paralysed-patients-a-prospective-randomized-crossover-study
#9
H J Kim, K Lee, S Bai, M H Kim, E Oh, Y C Yoo
Background: The influence of different head and neck positions on the effectiveness of ventilation with the air-Q® self-pressurizing airway remains unevaluated. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of different head and neck positions on ventilation with the air-Q® SP airway. Methods: In this prospective, randomized crossover study, we enrolled 51 female patients who were to undergo elective gynaecological or breast surgery under general anaesthesia. An air-Q® SP airway was placed in all patients, and mechanical ventilation was performed using a volume-controlled mode with a tidal volume of 10 ml kg−1 and a respiratory rate of 12 bpm...
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072732/comparison-of-the-i-gel-and-other-supraglottic-airways-in-adult-manikin-studies-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Jiwon An, Sang Beom Nam, Jong Seok Lee, Jinae Lee, Hanna Yoo, Hye Mi Lee, Min-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: The i-gel has a gel-like cuff composed of thermoplastic elastomer that does not require cuff inflation. As the elimination of cuff inflation may shorten insertion time, the i-gel might be a useful tool in emergency situations requiring prompt airway care. This systematic review and meta-analysis of previous adult manikin studies for inexperienced personnel was performed to compare the i-gel with other supraglottic airways. METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and EMBASE for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published before June 2015, including with a crossover design, using the following search terms: "i-gel," "igel," "simulation," "manikin," "manikins," "mannequin," and "mannequins...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065228/comparison-of-the-ambu-aura-i-with-the-air-q-intubating-laryngeal-airway-as-a-conduit-for-fiberoptic-guided-tracheal-intubation-in-children-with-ear-deformity
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Juan Zhi, Xiao-Ming Deng, Dong Yang, Chao Wen, Wen-Li Xu, Lei Wang, Jin Xu
Objective To compare the Ambu Aura-i with the Air-Q intubating laryngeal airway for fiberoptic-guided tracheal intubation in ear deformity children.Methods Totally 120 children who were scheduled for elective auricular reconstruction surgery requiring general anaesthesia with tracheal intubation were enrolled in this prospective study. They were randomized to receive either the Ambu Aura-i (Aura-i group) or Air-Q (Air-Q group). The time for successful tracheal intubation was assessed. The attempts for successful device insertion, leak pressures, cuff pressures, fiberoptic grade of laryngeal view, time for removal of the device after endotracheal intubation, and complications were recorded...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752621/comparison-of-blind-intubation-through-supraglottic-devices-and-direct-laryngoscopy-by-novices-a-simulation-manikin-study
#12
Young Yong Kim, Gu Hyun Kang, Won Hee Kim, Hyun Young Choi, Yong Soo Jang, Young Jae Lee, Jae Guk Kim, Hyeongtae Kim, Gyoung Yong Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare intubation performance between blind intubation through supraglottic airway devices and direct laryngoscopy by novices under manikin simulation. We hypothesized that the intubation time by novices using supraglottic airway devices was superior to that with the Macintosh laryngoscope (MCL). METHODS: A prospective, randomized crossover study was conducted with 95 participants, to evaluate i-gel, air-Q, LMA Fastrach, and MCL devices...
June 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640165/cardiovascular-respiratory-and-total-mortality-attributed-to-pm2-5-in-mashhad-iran
#13
Ziaeddin Bonyadi, Mohammad Hasan Ehrampoush, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Mehdi Mokhtari, Abbas Sadeghi
Poor air quality is one of the most important environmental problems in many large cities of the world, which can cause a wide range of acute and chronic health effects, including partial physiological disorders and cardiac death due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. According to the latest edition of the national standard for air quality, maximum contamination level is 15 μg/m(3) per year and 35 μg/m(3) per day. The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular, respiratory, and total mortality attributed to PM2...
October 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419134/comparative-efficacy-of-the-air-q-intubating-laryngeal-airway-during-general-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Eun Jin Ahn, Geun Joo Choi, Hyun Kang, Chong Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Young Cheol Woo, Si Ra Bang
Air-Q® (air-Q) is a supraglottic airway device which can be used as a guidance of intubation in pediatric as well as in adult patients. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of air-Q compared to other airway devices during general anesthesia in pediatric patients by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. A total of 10 studies including 789 patients were included in the final analysis. Compared with other supraglottic airway devices, air-Q showed no evidence for a difference in leakage pressure and insertion time...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290957/air-q-laryngeal-airway-for-rescue-and-tracheal-intubation
#15
Ayman Ads, Frederic Auerbach, Kelly Ryan, Abdel R El-Ganzouri
We report the successful use of the Air-Q laryngeal airway (Air-Q LA) as a ventilatory device and a conduit for tracheal intubation to rescue the airway in a patient with difficult airway and tracheal stenosis. This is the first case report of the device to secure the airway after two episodes of hypoxemia in the operating room and intensive care unit. Consent for submission of this case report was obtained from our institution's human studies institutional review board given that the patient died a few months after his discharge from the hospital before his personal consent could be obtained and before preparation of this report...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212722/air-q-intubating-laryngeal-airway-a-study-of-the-second-generation-supraglottic-airway-device
#16
Viren Bhaskar Attarde, Nalini Kotekar, Sarika M Shetty
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Air-Q intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILA) is used as a supraglottic airway device and as a conduit for endotracheal intubation. This study aims to assess the efficacy of the Air-Q ILA regarding ease of insertion, adequacy of ventilation, rate of successful intubation, haemodynamic response and airway morbidity. METHODS: Sixty patients presenting for elective surgery at our Medical College Hospital were selected. Following adequate premedication, baseline vital parameters, pulse rate and blood pressure were recorded...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141106/comparison-of-success-rate-of-intubation-through-air-q-with-ilma-using-two-different-endotracheal-tubes
#17
S K Malhotra, K V Bharath, Vikas Saini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Air-Q™ is a newly introduced airway device, which can be used to facilitate endotracheal intubation. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether use of two different endotracheal tubes (ETTs) (standard polyvinyl chloride [PVC] and reinforced PVC) increases the success rate of blind intubation through Air-Q™ (Group Q) when compared with intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA- Fastrach™) keeping ILMA as control (Group I). METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients aged between 18 and 60 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia, were enrolled into this prospective, randomised, case-control study to compare the success rate of tracheal intubation between ILMA (Fastrach™) and Air-Q™ intubating laryngeal airway...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113126/effect-of-head-position-on-the-success-rate-of-blind-intubation-using-intubating-supraglottic-airway-devices
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rieko Yamada, Koichi Maruyama, Go Hirabayashi, Yukihide Koyama, Tomio Andoh
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of head position on the performance of intubating supraglottic airway devices, we compared the success rate of blind intubation in the head-elevated and the pillowless head positions with the LMA Fastrach and the air-Q, and the change of glottic visualization through the air-Q. METHODS: We assigned 193 patients to two groups according to the device used and subgrouped by head position used for intubation: Fastrach/pillowless, Fastrach/head-elevated, air-Q/pillowless, and air-Q/head-elevated...
July 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26760407/blind-intubation-through-air-q-sp-laryngeal-mask-in-morbidly-obese-patients
#19
LETTER
Tomasz Gaszynski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26621132/bonfils-intubation-in-parallel-with-a-supraglottic-air-q%C3%A2-intubating-laryngeal-airway
#20
LETTER
Sophie Drolet, Sébastien Michaud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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