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Lukasz Szarpak, Zenon Truszewski, Joseph Vitale, Logan Glosser, Kurt Ruetzler, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the application of the Eschmann tracheal tube introducer (ETTI) with 4 types of supraglottic airway devices (SADs) using a child-manikin. METHODS: A total of 79 paramedics were asked to exchange the 4 SADs for an endotracheal tube with the ETTI in 3 different scenarios using a randomized crossover study format: normal airway without chest compression; normal airway with uninterrupted chest compression; and difficult airway with uninterrupted chest compression...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
H J Kim, K Lee, S Bai, M H Kim, E Oh, Y C Yoo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Jiwon An, Sang Beom Nam, Jong Seok Lee, Jinae Lee, Hanna Yoo, Hye Mi Lee, Min-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: The i-gel has a gel-like cuff composed of thermoplastic elastomer that does not require cuff inflation. As the elimination of cuff inflation may shorten insertion time, the i-gel might be a useful tool in emergency situations requiring prompt airway care. This systematic review and meta-analysis of previous adult manikin studies for inexperienced personnel was performed to compare the i-gel with other supraglottic airways. METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and EMBASE for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published before June 2015, including with a crossover design, using the following search terms: "i-gel," "igel," "simulation," "manikin," "manikins," "mannequin," and "mannequins...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Juan Zhi, Xiao-Ming Deng, Dong Yang, Chao Wen, Wen-Li Xu, Lei Wang, Jin Xu
Objective To compare the Ambu Aura-i with the Air-Q intubating laryngeal airway for fiberoptic-guided tracheal intubation in ear deformity children.Methods Totally 120 children who were scheduled for elective auricular reconstruction surgery requiring general anaesthesia with tracheal intubation were enrolled in this prospective study. They were randomized to receive either the Ambu Aura-i (Aura-i group) or Air-Q (Air-Q group). The time for successful tracheal intubation was assessed. The attempts for successful device insertion, leak pressures, cuff pressures, fiberoptic grade of laryngeal view, time for removal of the device after endotracheal intubation, and complications were recorded...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Young Yong Kim, Gu Hyun Kang, Won Hee Kim, Hyun Young Choi, Yong Soo Jang, Young Jae Lee, Jae Guk Kim, Hyeongtae Kim, Gyoung Yong Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare intubation performance between blind intubation through supraglottic airway devices and direct laryngoscopy by novices under manikin simulation. We hypothesized that the intubation time by novices using supraglottic airway devices was superior to that with the Macintosh laryngoscope (MCL). METHODS: A prospective, randomized crossover study was conducted with 95 participants, to evaluate i-gel, air-Q, LMA Fastrach, and MCL devices...
June 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
Ziaeddin Bonyadi, Mohammad Hasan Ehrampoush, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Mehdi Mokhtari, Abbas Sadeghi
Poor air quality is one of the most important environmental problems in many large cities of the world, which can cause a wide range of acute and chronic health effects, including partial physiological disorders and cardiac death due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. According to the latest edition of the national standard for air quality, maximum contamination level is 15 μg/m(3) per year and 35 μg/m(3) per day. The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular, respiratory, and total mortality attributed to PM2...
October 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Eun Jin Ahn, Geun Joo Choi, Hyun Kang, Chong Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Young Cheol Woo, Si Ra Bang
Air-Q® (air-Q) is a supraglottic airway device which can be used as a guidance of intubation in pediatric as well as in adult patients. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of air-Q compared to other airway devices during general anesthesia in pediatric patients by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. A total of 10 studies including 789 patients were included in the final analysis. Compared with other supraglottic airway devices, air-Q showed no evidence for a difference in leakage pressure and insertion time...
2016: BioMed Research International
Ayman Ads, Frederic Auerbach, Kelly Ryan, Abdel R El-Ganzouri
We report the successful use of the Air-Q laryngeal airway (Air-Q LA) as a ventilatory device and a conduit for tracheal intubation to rescue the airway in a patient with difficult airway and tracheal stenosis. This is the first case report of the device to secure the airway after two episodes of hypoxemia in the operating room and intensive care unit. Consent for submission of this case report was obtained from our institution's human studies institutional review board given that the patient died a few months after his discharge from the hospital before his personal consent could be obtained and before preparation of this report...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Viren Bhaskar Attarde, Nalini Kotekar, Sarika M Shetty
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Air-Q intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILA) is used as a supraglottic airway device and as a conduit for endotracheal intubation. This study aims to assess the efficacy of the Air-Q ILA regarding ease of insertion, adequacy of ventilation, rate of successful intubation, haemodynamic response and airway morbidity. METHODS: Sixty patients presenting for elective surgery at our Medical College Hospital were selected. Following adequate premedication, baseline vital parameters, pulse rate and blood pressure were recorded...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
S K Malhotra, K V Bharath, Vikas Saini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Air-Q™ is a newly introduced airway device, which can be used to facilitate endotracheal intubation. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether use of two different endotracheal tubes (ETTs) (standard polyvinyl chloride [PVC] and reinforced PVC) increases the success rate of blind intubation through Air-Q™ (Group Q) when compared with intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA- Fastrach™) keeping ILMA as control (Group I). METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients aged between 18 and 60 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia, were enrolled into this prospective, randomised, case-control study to compare the success rate of tracheal intubation between ILMA (Fastrach™) and Air-Q™ intubating laryngeal airway...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Rieko Yamada, Koichi Maruyama, Go Hirabayashi, Yukihide Koyama, Tomio Andoh
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of head position on the performance of intubating supraglottic airway devices, we compared the success rate of blind intubation in the head-elevated and the pillowless head positions with the LMA Fastrach and the air-Q, and the change of glottic visualization through the air-Q. METHODS: We assigned 193 patients to two groups according to the device used and subgrouped by head position used for intubation: Fastrach/pillowless, Fastrach/head-elevated, air-Q/pillowless, and air-Q/head-elevated...
July 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Tomasz Gaszynski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Sophie Drolet, Sébastien Michaud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Mohammad Ghanbari Ghozikali, Behzad Heibati, Kazem Naddafi, Itai Kloog, Gea Oliveri Conti, Riccardo Polosa, Margherita Ferrante
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important disease worldwide characterized by chronically poor airflow. The economic burden of COPD on any society can be enormous if not managed. We applied the approach proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) using the AirQ2.2.3 software developed by the WHO European Center for Environment and Health on air pollutants in Tabriz (Iran) (2011-2012 year). A 1h average of concentrations of ozone (O3), daily average concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) were used to assess human exposure and health effect in terms of attributable proportion of the health outcome and annual number of excess cases of Hospital Admissions for COPD (HA COPD)...
January 2016: Environmental Research
Cezary Kułak, Marcin Cierniak, Tomasz Gaszyński
UNLABELLED: An effective and dexterously established airway management of patients in life-threatening conditions is one of the basic procedures. Endotracheal intubation is considered to be the best method, however when, difficulties occur, it is indispensable to use of alternative methods with expertise. AIM: The aim of the research is to compare the effectiveness of endotracheal intubation management while using 5 different supragrottic airway devices with and without a flexible tracheal tube introducer...
September 2015: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Ayumu Kuwamura, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Sayuri Matsunami, Haruki Kido, Motoshige Tanaka, Toshiaki Minami
A 67-year-old woman suffering from hoarseness or dysphagia was diagnosed with motor neuron disease. She was scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia for suspected gallbladder cancer. She was concerned about the exacerbation of her hoarseness or dysphagia from tracheal intubation. We therefore decided to perform airway management by using supraglottic device air-Q blocker, through which a gastric tube could be inserted. We first passed the gastric tube through the outer blocker hole and inserted it into the esophagus using Magill forceps...
August 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Ravinder Kumar Pandey, Raj Kumar Subramanium, Vanlal Darlong, Chandra Lekha, Rakesh Garg, Jyotsna Punj, Vimi Rewari, Meenu Bajpai
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the feasibility of blind orotracheal intubation in children using the Air-QILA as a conduit in supine position and the glottic view grading by fiberoptic bronchoscope (FOB) through it both in supine and lateral positions. METHODS: After ethical approval and consent, 60 children were enrolled in the study. In the operating room, after attaching standard monitors to all children, anesthesia was induced with sevoflurane (2-8%) in oxygen (100%)...
December 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Ashutosh Kumar Pandey, Mayank Pandey, B D Tripathi
The aim of the present study was to examine Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) of some climber plant species to develop vertical gardens in Varanasi city which has characteristics of tall building and narrow roads. This condition results in street canyon like structure and hinders the vertical dispersal of air pollutants. We have selected 24 climber plant species which are commonly found in of Varanasi city. Chosen plants can be easily grown either in planter boxes or directly in the ground, with a vertical support they can climb on walls to form green walls or vertical garden...
December 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Jicheng Gong, Tong Zhu, Howard Kipen, David Q Rich, Wei Huang, Wan-Ting Lin, Min Hu, Junfeng Jim Zhang
1-Nitro-pyrene has been considered a compound specific to diesel combustion emission, while 1- and 2-nitro-napthalene are mainly produced through photochemical conversion of naphthalene released to the atmosphere. Metabolites of these compounds may serve as biomarkers of exposure to traffic related pollutants. We collected urine samples from 111 healthy and non-smoking subjects within (i.e., during the Beijing Olympics) and outside (i.e., before and after the Olympics) a traffic control regime to improve Beijing's air quality...
December 2015: Environment International
Peng Shi, Han Du, Fook Siong Chau, Guangya Zhou, Jie Deng
A split nanobeam cavity is theoretically designed and experimentally demonstrated. Compared with the traditional photonic crystal nanobeam cavities, it has an air-slot in its center. Through the longitudinal and lateral movement of half part of the cavity, the resonance wavelength and quality factor are tuned. Instead of achieving a cavity with a large tunable wavelength range, the proposed split nanobeam cavity demonstrates a considerable quality factor change but the resonance wavelength is hardly varied...
July 27, 2015: Optics Express
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