keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cutaneous infestation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930546/tick-host-pathogen-systems-immunobiology-an-interactive-trio
#1
Stephen K Wikel
Significant new insights are being made into tick modulation of host immune defenses and the implications of those host defense changes on tick-borne pathogen transmission and establishment of infection. Understanding tick saliva complexity increased with construction and analyses of salivary gland cDNA libraries. High throughput next generation sequencing and advances in proteomics are revealing greater complexity of saliva, nature of gene families and differential gene expression patterns not previously attainable...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906088/bullous-cutaneous-larva-migrans-case-series-and-review-of-atypical-clinical-presentations
#2
Stefano Veraldi, Ermira Çuka, Paolo Pontini, Fabrizio Vaira
Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (HRCLM) is caused by the penetration and migration in the epidermis of larvae of Ancylostoma braziliense and Ancylostoma caninum. It is characterized by slightly raised and erythematous tracks, located especially on the feet. These tracks may be single or multiple, serpiginous or linear, ramified and intertwined, accompanied by pruritus. Atypical clinical presentations of HRCLM are currently more frequent than in the past. We present six patients with bullous HRCLM and discuss the possible pathogenetic factors...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888529/eyelid-inflammation-an-uncommon-cause-in-occidental-countries
#3
Hélène Devambez, Morgane Richeux, Maximilien Guericolas, Christophe Choquet, Enrique Casalino, Aiham Daniel Ghazali
BACKGROUND: Myiasis designates the infestation of live human and vertebrate animals with dipterous (two-winged) larvae (maggots) and is the fourth most common travel-associated skin disease. Furuncle is the most common aspect of cutaneous myiasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old Caucasian female had been back from Cap-Vert. She described pruritus, slight pain, and the sensation of a foreign body moving in the eyelid. Physical examination showed a single furuncle-like nodule with surrounding erythema and a central pore of the upper eyelid through which a serosanguinous fluid was exuding...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883737/scabies-masquerading-as-bullous-pemphigoid-scabies-surrepticius
#4
Philip R Cohen
Scabies, a parasitic infestation caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, is diagnosed by observing either the mite, its ova, or its excrement. The mite tracts, known as burrows and a characteristic presentation of the pruritic condition, are typically found on the web spaces between the fingers. Other cutaneous lesions include excoriated papules, pustules, and vesicles. However, atypical clinical variants of scabies, such as bullous, crusted, hidden, incognito, nodular, and scalp forms of the parasitic infestation, mimic the morphologic features of other non-parasitic dermatoses...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862690/variations-in-the-rate-of-infestations-of-dogs-with-zoonotic-nematodes-and-the-contamination-of-soil-in-different-environments
#5
Maria Bernadeta Studzińska, Marta Demkowska-Kutrzepa, Anna Borecka, Michał Meisner, Krzysztof Tomczuk, Monika Roczeń-Karczmarz, Teresa Kłapeć, Zahrai Abbass, Alicja Cholewa
Companion animals are an important aspect in human life. However, they may also be considered a source of pathogens. An example of zoonotic parasitoses is toxocarosis or cutaneous larva migrans (CLM). The aim of the study was to detect zoonotic nematodes of dogs living in different areas and the intensity of contamination in parasite polluted environments that are hazardous to human health. The fecal samples were examined using standard flotation and decantation methods as well as McMaster's quantitative technique...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833468/scabies-in-babies
#6
Taryn A Hill, Bernard Cohen
The clinical manifestations of scabies infestation vary according to age, making the diagnosis challenging, particularly for primary care providers and dermatologists who do not routinely care for young children. We present seven cases of newborns and infants who developed inflammatory burrows and nodules early in the course, which is not typical of the eruption seen in older children and adults. We review the cutaneous features, differential diagnosis, and treatment recommendations for scabies in different age groups...
August 22, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797273/host-immune-responses-to-the-itch-mite-sarcoptes-scabiei-in-humans
#7
REVIEW
Sajad A Bhat, Kate E Mounsey, Xiaosong Liu, Shelley F Walton
Scabies is a parasitic disease due to infestation of skin by the burrowing mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies is a major public health problem and endemic in resource poor communities worldwide affecting over 100 million people. Associated bacterial infections cause substantial morbidity, and in severe cases can lead to renal and cardiac diseases. Mite infestation of the skin causes localised cutaneous inflammation, pruritus, skin lesions, and allergic and inflammatory responses are mounted by the host against the mite and its products...
August 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794566/dermatoscopy-in-diagnosis-of-cutaneous-myiasis-arising-in-pemphigus-vulgaris-lesions
#8
Keshavamurthy Vinay, Sanjeev Handa, Sumeeta Khurana, Sonu Agrawal, Dipankar De
Myiasis, infestation of live human and vertebrate animals by larvae, can complicate ulcers and open wounds. Although myiasis occurs in neglected erosions of pemphigus, such a complication is not documented in the literature. Herein, we report a case of myiasis complicating pemphigus vulgaris and describe its dermatoscopic features.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771469/the-prevalence-and-association-with-health-related-quality-of-life-of-tungiasis-and-scabies-in-schoolchildren-in-southern-ethiopia
#9
Stephen L Walker, Eglantine Lebas, Valentina De Sario, Zeleke Deyasso, Shimelis N Doni, Michael Marks, Chrissy H Roberts, Saba M Lambert
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of skin disease in low and middle income countries is high and communicable skin diseases are a significant public health problem. Tungiasis is an ectoparasite infestation caused by the flea Tunga penetrans, which has a widespread geographical distribution. Tungiasis causes painful skin lesions and may affect activities of daily living. OBJECTIVE: We wished to determine the prevalence and impact of tungiasis and scabies in schoolchildren in southern Ethiopia...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702962/unexpected-parasitosis
#10
M Vaccaro, J Lotti, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, T Lotti, C Guarneri
Neotrombicula autumnalis is an arthropod living in the soil and parasitizes animals only in its larval stage. Depending on climatic conditions, one to five life cycles can take place in a single year. Human infestation is probably underestimated and can be easily missed due to non-pathognomonic cutaneous manifestations in absence of systemic signs. We describe a case of human trombiculiasis and discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic management of this ‘synanthropic’ dermatosis.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544307/afoxolaner-and-fluralaner-treatment-do-not-impact-on-cutaneous-demodex-populations-of-healthy-dogs
#11
Christine M Zewe, Laura Altet, Andrea T H Lam, Lluís Ferrer
BACKGROUND: Fluralaner and afoxolaner are isoxazolines licensed for the treatment of flea and tick infestations. Isoxazolines have also shown efficacy for treatment of demodicosis. Nothing is known about the impact of these compounds on the populations of Demodex in healthy dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to measure the prevalence of Demodex in the skin of healthy dogs prior to and following the use of either afoxolaner or fluralaner, using real-time PCR (RT-PCR) for Demodex DNA...
May 23, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453592/-cutaneous-myiasis-due-to-cochliomyia-hominivorax-associated-with-seborrheic-dermatitis
#12
Perla Calderón H, Camilo Rojas E, Werner Apt B, Douglas Castillo O
Myiasis is an infestation of tissues and organs of humans and animals by Diptera larvae (flies, horseflies, mosquitoes). They are located at different body sites, and classified clinically as cutaneous, visceral and cavitary. We report a 26-year-old woman with a history of seborrheic dermatitis and recent trip to Brazil. She presented with a seven days history of suppurating wounds in the parieto-occipital area of the scalp. At physical examination we found three ulcers of approximately 1.5 cm each, with multiple mobile larvae inside...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366921/digital-volumetric-measurement-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-lesions-blur-estimation-method
#13
Ahmad Reza Taheri, Saeid Alikhani, Ameneh Sazgarnia, Maryam Salehi, Sadegh Vahabi Amlashi
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a common parasitic infestation in Iran. With recent advantages in digital imaging, we have devised a novel non-contact objective method of measuring lesions. AIM: The aim of the study was to design a software system that analyzes images of cutaneous leishmaniasis lesions, objectively assess and monitor volume. METHODS: A photographic technique along with an image processing algorithm was applied to extract a three-dimensional map of the lesion from a simple two-dimensional picture...
March 31, 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345791/trichoscopic-diagnosis-of-cutaneous-pelodera-strongyloides-infestation-in-a-dog
#14
Rareş G M Căpitan, Chiara Noli
BACKGROUND: Pelodera strongyloides infestation has rarely been reported in dogs. It is a saprophytic free-living nematode, found in moist decaying organic matter, whose L3 larval stages occasionally can invade the skin of dogs and humans. Larvae penetrate the follicular infundibula causing an erythematous and pruritic dermatitis. The disease is usually diagnosed by deep skin scraping or histopathology, with large numbers of parasites readily identified in hair follicles. CASE REPORT: Pelodera strongyloides dermatitis was diagnosed in a six-year-old mixed breed dog presenting with alopecia, erythema and severe pruritus on the ventrum and limbs...
March 27, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329606/clinical-applications-of-topical-ivermectin-in-dermatology
#15
Omid Zargari, Nessa Aghazadeh, Fatemeh Moeineddin
Ivermectin (IVM) is a broad-spectrum anti-parasitic drug with significant anti-inflammatory properties. The emergence of treatment resistance to lindane, permethrin, and possibly malathion complicates the global strategy for management of common parasitic skin diseases such as scabies and head lice. In this regard. IVM has been safely and effectively used in the treatment of these common human infestations. In addition, IVM may be useful in inflammatory cutaneous disorders such as papulopustular rosacea where demodex may play a role in pathogenesis...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215913/a-rare-case-of-digital-myiasis
#16
Carlos Durão, André Barros, Pedro Campos
Cutaneous myiasis is the infestation of the skin or mucous membranes by larvae of the order Diptera. Wound myiasis affect the skin with a previous lesion, and it may consume both dead and living tissue. Finger infestation is rarely a cause of death, but it may provoke considerable morbidity. Prompt wound exploration and careful total larvae removal is essential to achieve healing. In the reported case, the patient was presented in an advanced stage of the infestation, with a large area of finger necrosis and amputation, associated with cellulitis extending from the finger's base to the hand...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094164/disorders-characterized-by-predominant-or-exclusive-dermal-inflammation
#17
REVIEW
Mark R Wick
Some cutaneous inflammatory disorders are typified by a predominant or exclusive localization in the dermis. They can be further subdivided by the principal cell types into lymphocytic, neutrophilic, and eosinophilic infiltrates, and mixtures of them are also seen in a proportion of cases. This review considers such conditions. Included among the lymphoid lesions are viral exanthems, pigmented purpuras, gyrate erythemas, polymorphous light eruption, lupus tumidus, and cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia. Neutrophilic infiltrates are represented by infections, Sweet syndrome, pyoderma gangrenosum, and hidradenitis suppurativa, as well as a group of so-called "autoinflammatory" dermatitides comprising polymorphonuclear leukocytes...
May 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078983/cutaneous-larva-migrans
#18
Alexander K C Leung, Benjamin Barankin, Kam Lun Hon
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans is one of the most common skin diseases reported in travelers returning from tropical regions. Western physicians, however, are often not familiar of this condition. OBJECTIVE: To review in depth the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications, and treatment of cutaneous larva migrans. METHODS: A PubMed search was completed in Clinical Queries using the key term "cutaneous larva migrans"...
January 10, 2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994383/acute-carbolic-acid-poisoning-a-report-of-four-cases
#19
Prabhas Prasun Giri, Rajiv Sinha, Shalini Sikka, Saumen Meur
Phenol (carbolic acid) is one of the oldest antiseptic agents. Apart from being used in many commercially available products, in rural India, it is often used in the household to prevent snake infestation. We hereby present four cases of acute carbolic acid poisoning which we saw over the last monsoon. The cases highlight the multiple routes of absorption of carbolic acid as well as its multi-organ complications which often necessitate intensive care of local therapy decreases systemic phenol absorption from cutaneous exposure and may help in reducing severity...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918123/chrysomya-bezziana-diptera-calliphoridae-infestation-case-report-of-three-dogs-in-malaysia-treated-with-spinosad-milbemycin
#20
Hock Siew Han, Reuben Sharma, John Jeffery, Chiara Noli
BACKGROUND: Infestation of wounds with the larvae of Callophorid flies is relatively common in countries where these parasites are found. The most common species associated with infections in Southeast Asia is Chrysomya bezziana (Ch. bezziana), the Old World screw worm. Treatment consists of either subcutaneous injection of ivermectin or oral administration of nitenpyram combined with aggressive tissue debridement under general anaesthesia. OBJECTIVES: To describe the treatment of cutaneous myiasis in three dogs caused by the larvae of Ch...
April 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
keyword
keyword
59096
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"