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Cutaneous infestation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289277/foreword-common-child-and-adolescent-cutaneous-infestations-and-fungal-infections
#1
EDITORIAL
John M Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198783/common-child-and-adolescent-cutaneous-infestations-and-fungal-infections
#2
Sherman J Alter, Megan B McDonald, Julie Schloemer, Ryan Simon, Julian Trevino
Cutaneous infections and infestations are common among children and adolescents. Ectoparasitic infestations affect individuals across the globe. Head lice, body lice, scabies, and infestations with bed bugs are seen in individuals who reside in both resource poor areas and in developed countries. Superficial cutaneous and mucosal candida occur throughput the life cycle. Dermatophyte infections of keratin-containing skin and skin structures result in tinea capitis (scalp), tinea corporis (body), tinea pedis (foot), and tinea unguium (nails)...
November 30, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183642/tick-borne-diseases-and-autoimmunity-a-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Yhojan Rodríguez, Manuel Rojas, M Eric Gershwin, Juan-Manuel Anaya
Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) are emerging and reemerging diseases transmitted by ticks, which portray wide heterogeneity and global distribution. TBDs may present acute clinical pictures that resemble those of autoimmune diseases (i.e., musculoskeletal symptoms, cutaneous involvement, neurologic impairment, renal failure, etc.), and in some cases infection is considered a triggering factor for autoimmunity (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitides). The clinician should consider TBDs among the differential diagnoses when approaching autoimmune-like signs in areas of tick infestation...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105863/intensive-cutaneous-myiasis-due-to-musca-domestica-in-a-patient-with-alzheimer-disease-a-rare-larval-infestation-in-a-temperate-zone
#4
L Simon, P Delaunay, J P Martinez, T Hubiche, P Del Giudice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052453/review-of-epidemiology-clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-common-primary-psychiatric-causes-of-cutaneous-disease
#5
J A Krooks, A G Weatherall, P J Holland
Approximately half of all patients presenting to dermatologists exhibit signs and symptoms of psychiatric conditions that are either primary or secondary to cutaneous disease. Because patients typically resist psychiatric consult, dermatologists often are on the front line in evaluating and treating these patients. Accordingly, distinguishing the specific underlying or resulting psychiatric condition is essential for effective treatment. The etiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and first-line treatment of specific primary psychiatric causes of dermatologic conditions, including delusional infestation, Morgellons syndrome, olfactory reference syndrome, body dysmorphic disorder, excoriation disorder, trichotillomania, and dermatitis artefacta are discussed here, followed by a discussion of the recommended treatment approach with an overview of the different first-line therapies discussed in this review, specifically cognitive behavioral therapy, atypical antipsychotics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and tricyclic antidepressants...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988279/caffeic-acid-combined-with-autoclaved-leishmania-major-boosted-the-protection-of-infected-balb-c-mice-by-enhancing-igg2-production-ifn-%C3%AE-tgf-%C3%AE-and-ino-synthase-arginase1-ratios-and-the-death-of-infected-phagocytes
#6
Radia Belkhelfa-Slimani, Bahia Djerdjouri
BACKGROUND: Immunization with killed Leishmania promastigotes without adjuvant was considered as safe, but gave variable rates of protection. Taking advantage of the immuno-modulatory effect of caffeic acid (CA), a natural polyphenolic antioxidant, we investigated its potentiating effect in autoclaved Leishmania major (ALM)-induced protection of Leishmania major-infected BALB/c. METHODS: First, BALB/c mice were sensitized for 6 weeks either with CA, or ALM alone or combined with caffeic acid (ALM-CA) or Freund's adjuvant (ALM-FA), and subsequently infected with L...
October 7, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987493/risk-of-infection-in-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis-treated-with-dupilumab-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Patrick Fleming, Aaron M Drucker
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is characterized by skin barrier defects, T helper type 2 cell activation, and increased risk for cutaneous and extracutaneous infections. In clinical trials, dupilumab appeared to decrease rates of skin infections in AD. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the impact of dupilumab on rates of skin and other infections in patients with moderate-to-severe AD. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of dupilumab for AD...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965699/-giardia-duodenalis-and-its-involvement-in-skin-diseases
#8
REVIEW
P Humbert, A Guichard, I Bennani, S Chiheb
BACKGOUND: Over the last thirty years, the scientific community has become increasingly interested in the intestinal flora, whether commensal or pathogenic, and its impact on other organs. In dermatology, the correlation between intestinal microbial agents and cutaneous lesions is well established. Giardia duodenalis, an intestinal parasite, has been particularly widely studied. The aim of this work is to provide a review of studies demonstrating the involvement of G. duodenalis in various forms of dermatosis...
November 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953766/delusional-parasitosis-treated-by-atypical-antipsychotic-and-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-a-case-report
#9
Tiffany Roulet, Nicolas Zdanowicz
BACKGROUND: Delusional parasitosis (DP) is an uncommon psychiatric disorder. Patients suffering from this disorder have the fixed false belief of being infested by a parasite. Because of this condition, patients mainly consult with dermatologists or general practitioners. They are often reluctant to see a psychiatrist and to take treatment with antipsychotics because of their belief. The following describes the case of a woman who has the particularity that the DP started a few days after sertraline interruption...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930546/tick-host-pathogen-systems-immunobiology-an-interactive-trio
#10
Stephen K Wikel
Significant new insights are being made into tick modulation of host immune defenses and the implications of those host defense changes on tick-borne pathogen transmission and establishment of infection. Understanding tick saliva complexity increased with construction and analyses of salivary gland cDNA libraries. High throughput next generation sequencing and advances in proteomics are revealing greater complexity of saliva, nature of gene families and differential gene expression patterns not previously attainable...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906088/bullous-cutaneous-larva-migrans-case-series-and-review-of-atypical-clinical-presentations
#11
Stefano Veraldi, Ermira Çuka, Paolo Pontini, Fabrizio Vaira
Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (HRCLM) is caused by the penetration and migration in the epidermis of larvae of Ancylostoma braziliense and Ancylostoma caninum. It is characterized by slightly raised and erythematous tracks, located especially on the feet. These tracks may be single or multiple, serpiginous or linear, ramified and intertwined, accompanied by pruritus. Atypical clinical presentations of HRCLM are currently more frequent than in the past. We present six patients with bullous HRCLM and discuss the possible pathogenetic factors...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888529/eyelid-inflammation-an-uncommon-cause-in-occidental-countries
#12
Hélène Devambez, Morgane Richeux, Maximilien Guericolas, Christophe Choquet, Enrique Casalino, Aiham Daniel Ghazali
BACKGROUND: Myiasis designates the infestation of live human and vertebrate animals with dipterous (two-winged) larvae (maggots) and is the fourth most common travel-associated skin disease. Furuncle is the most common aspect of cutaneous myiasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old Caucasian female had been back from Cap-Vert. She described pruritus, slight pain, and the sensation of a foreign body moving in the eyelid. Physical examination showed a single furuncle-like nodule with surrounding erythema and a central pore of the upper eyelid through which a serosanguinous fluid was exuding...
November 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883737/scabies-masquerading-as-bullous-pemphigoid-scabies-surrepticius
#13
Philip R Cohen
Scabies, a parasitic infestation caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, is diagnosed by observing either the mite, its ova, or its excrement. The mite tracts, known as burrows and a characteristic presentation of the pruritic condition, are typically found on the web spaces between the fingers. Other cutaneous lesions include excoriated papules, pustules, and vesicles. However, atypical clinical variants of scabies, such as bullous, crusted, hidden, incognito, nodular, and scalp forms of the parasitic infestation, mimic the morphologic features of other non-parasitic dermatoses...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862690/variations-in-the-rate-of-infestations-of-dogs-with-zoonotic-nematodes-and-the-contamination-of-soil-in-different-environments
#14
Maria Bernadeta Studzińska, Marta Demkowska-Kutrzepa, Anna Borecka, Michał Meisner, Krzysztof Tomczuk, Monika Roczeń-Karczmarz, Teresa Kłapeć, Zahrai Abbass, Alicja Cholewa
Companion animals are an important aspect in human life. However, they may also be considered a source of pathogens. An example of zoonotic parasitoses is toxocarosis or cutaneous larva migrans (CLM). The aim of the study was to detect zoonotic nematodes of dogs living in different areas and the intensity of contamination in parasite polluted environments that are hazardous to human health. The fecal samples were examined using standard flotation and decantation methods as well as McMaster's quantitative technique...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833468/scabies-in-babies
#15
Taryn A Hill, Bernard Cohen
The clinical manifestations of scabies infestation vary according to age, making the diagnosis challenging, particularly for primary care providers and dermatologists who do not routinely care for young children. We present seven cases of newborns and infants who developed inflammatory burrows and nodules early in the course, which is not typical of the eruption seen in older children and adults. We review the cutaneous features, differential diagnosis, and treatment recommendations for scabies in different age groups...
August 22, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797273/host-immune-responses-to-the-itch-mite-sarcoptes-scabiei-in-humans
#16
REVIEW
Sajad A Bhat, Kate E Mounsey, Xiaosong Liu, Shelley F Walton
Scabies is a parasitic disease due to infestation of skin by the burrowing mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies is a major public health problem and endemic in resource poor communities worldwide affecting over 100 million people. Associated bacterial infections cause substantial morbidity, and in severe cases can lead to renal and cardiac diseases. Mite infestation of the skin causes localised cutaneous inflammation, pruritus, skin lesions, and allergic and inflammatory responses are mounted by the host against the mite and its products...
August 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794566/dermatoscopy-in-diagnosis-of-cutaneous-myiasis-arising-in-pemphigus-vulgaris-lesions
#17
Keshavamurthy Vinay, Sanjeev Handa, Sumeeta Khurana, Sonu Agrawal, Dipankar De
Myiasis, infestation of live human and vertebrate animals by larvae, can complicate ulcers and open wounds. Although myiasis occurs in neglected erosions of pemphigus, such a complication is not documented in the literature. Herein, we report a case of myiasis complicating pemphigus vulgaris and describe its dermatoscopic features.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771469/the-prevalence-and-association-with-health-related-quality-of-life-of-tungiasis-and-scabies-in-schoolchildren-in-southern-ethiopia
#18
Stephen L Walker, Eglantine Lebas, Valentina De Sario, Zeleke Deyasso, Shimelis N Doni, Michael Marks, Chrissy H Roberts, Saba M Lambert
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of skin disease in low and middle income countries is high and communicable skin diseases are a significant public health problem. Tungiasis is an ectoparasite infestation caused by the flea Tunga penetrans, which has a widespread geographical distribution. Tungiasis causes painful skin lesions and may affect activities of daily living. OBJECTIVE: We wished to determine the prevalence and impact of tungiasis and scabies in schoolchildren in southern Ethiopia...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702962/unexpected-parasitosis
#19
M Vaccaro, J Lotti, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, T Lotti, C Guarneri
Neotrombicula autumnalis is an arthropod living in the soil and parasitizes animals only in its larval stage. Depending on climatic conditions, one to five life cycles can take place in a single year. Human infestation is probably underestimated and can be easily missed due to non-pathognomonic cutaneous manifestations in absence of systemic signs. We describe a case of human trombiculiasis and discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic management of this ‘synanthropic’ dermatosis.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544307/afoxolaner-and-fluralaner-treatment-do-not-impact-on-cutaneous-demodex-populations-of-healthy-dogs
#20
Christine M Zewe, Laura Altet, Andrea T H Lam, Lluís Ferrer
BACKGROUND: Fluralaner and afoxolaner are isoxazolines licensed for the treatment of flea and tick infestations. Isoxazolines have also shown efficacy for treatment of demodicosis. Nothing is known about the impact of these compounds on the populations of Demodex in healthy dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to measure the prevalence of Demodex in the skin of healthy dogs prior to and following the use of either afoxolaner or fluralaner, using real-time PCR (RT-PCR) for Demodex DNA...
May 23, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
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