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Caroline Reynaud, Laura Ferreras, Paola Di Mauro, Casina Kan, Martine Croset, Edith Bonnelye, Floriane Pez, Clémence Thomas, Géraldine Aimont, Antoine E Karnoub, Marie Brevet, Philippe Clezardin
Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is a secreted copper-dependent amine oxidase whose primary function is to drive collagen crosslinking and extracellular matrix stiffness. LOX in colorectal cancer (CRC) synergizes with hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1alpha to promote tumor progression. Here we investigated whether LOX/HIF1 endows CRC cells with full competence for aggressive colonization in bone. We show that a high LOX expression in primary tumors from CRC patients was associated with poor clinical outcome, irrespective of HIF-1...
October 14, 2016: Cancer Research
Jana Kudová, Ondřej Vašíček, Milan Číž, Lukáš Kubala
Melatonin, a molecule involved in the regulation of circadian rhythms, has protective effects against myocardial injuries. However, its capability to regulate the maturation of cardiac progenitor cells is unclear. Recently, several studies have shown that melatonin inhibits the stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), important signaling molecules with cardioprotective effects. In this study, by employing differentiating mouse embryonic stem cells, we report that melatonin significantly upregulated the expression of cardiac cell-specific markers (myosin heavy chains six and seven) as well as the percentage of myosin heavy chain-positive cells...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
Jana Kudová, Jiřina Procházková, Ondřej Vašiček, Tomáš Perečko, Miroslava Sedláčková, Martin Pešl, Jiří Pacherník, Lukáš Kubala
Cardiac cell formation, cardiomyogenesis, is critically dependent on oxygen availability. It is known that hypoxia, a reduced oxygen level, modulates the in vitro differentiation of pluripotent cells into cardiomyocytes via hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1α)-dependent mechanisms. However, the direct impact of HIF-1α deficiency on the formation and maturation of cardiac-like cells derived from mouse embryonic stem cells (mESC) in vitro remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we demonstrated that HIF-1α deficiency significantly altered the quality and quantity of mESC-derived cardiomyocytes...
2016: PloS One
Hong Li, Jishan Quan, Mengzi Zhang, Bryant C Yung, Xinwei Cheng, Yang Liu, Young B Lee, Chang-Ho Ahn, Deog Joong Kim, Robert J Lee
Lipid-albumin nanoparticles (LAN) were synthesized for delivery of RX-0047, an antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) against the hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) to solid tumor. These lipid nanoparticles (LNs) incorporated a human serum albumin-pentaethylenehexamine (HSA-PEHA) conjugate, which is cationic and can form electrostatic complexes with negatively charged oligonucleotides. The delivery efficiency of LAN-RX-0047 was investigated in KB cells and a KB murine xenograft model. When KB cells were treated with LAN-RX-0047, significant HIF-1α downregulation and enhanced cellular uptake were observed compared to LN-RX-0047...
July 5, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Sofie Bæk Christlieb, Casper Nørgaard Strandholdt, Birgitte Brinkmann Olsen, Karen Juul Mylam, Thomas Stauffer Larsen, Anne Lerberg Nielsen, Max Rohde, Oke Gerke, Karen Ege Olsen, Michael Boe Møller, Bjarne Winther Kristensen, Niels Abildgaard, Abass Alavi, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of dual time-point (DTP) PET/CT with (18)F-FDG to discriminate between malignant and benign lymphadenopathies. The relationship between DTP FDG uptake and glucose metabolism/hypoxia markers in lymphadenopathies was also assessed. METHODS: Patients with suspected lymphoma or recently diagnosed treatment-naive lymphoma were prospectively enrolled for DTP FDG PET/CT (scans 60 min and 180 min after FDG administration)...
September 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Justin Egidius Swartz, Ajit Joe Pothen, Pauline Maria Wilhelmina van Kempen, Inge Stegeman, Fleurieke Karlijn Formsma, Ellen Maria Van Cann, Stefan Martin Willems, Wilko Grolman
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia induces stabilization of the transcription factor HIF-1alpha (HIF-1α), associated with (chemo-)radiotherapy resistance in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We investigated the effect of HIF-1α expression on survival in relation to human papillomavirus (HPV) status in oropharyngeal SCC. METHODS: We conducted an immunohistochemical analysis of HIF-1α protein expression and downstream targets carbonic anhydrase-IX (CA-IX) and glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) in 274 patients with oropharyngeal SCC...
September 2016: Head & Neck
Bijaya K Nayak, Karthigayan Shanmugasundaram, William E Friedrichs, Rita C Cavaglierii, Mandakini Patel, Jeffrey Barnes, Karen Block
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 mediates hypoxia- and chronic kidney disease-induced fibrotic events. Here, we assessed whether HIF-1 blockade attenuates the manifestations of diabetic nephropathy in a type 1 diabetic animal model, OVE26. YC-1 [3-(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzyl indazole], an HIF-1 inhibitor, reduced whole kidney glomerular hypertrophy, mesangial matrix expansion, extracellular matrix accumulation, and urinary albumin excretion as well as NOX4 protein expression and NADPH-dependent reactive oxygen species production, while blood glucose levels remained unchanged...
May 2016: Diabetes
S Perini, D Martinez, C C Montanari, C Z Fiori
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea has been associated with higher cancer incidence and mortality. Increased melanoma aggressivity was reported in obstructive sleep apnea patients. Mice exposed to intermittent hypoxia (IH) mimicking sleep apnea show enhanced melanoma growth. Markers of melanoma progression have not been investigated in this model. OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether IH affects markers of melanoma tumor progression. METHODS: Mice were exposed to isocapnic IH to a nadir of 8% oxygen fraction for 14 days...
July 2016: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Wei Yu, Ryan A Denu, Kimberly A Krautkramer, Kreg M Grindle, David T Yang, Fotis Asimakopoulos, Peiman Hematti, John M Denu
B cell malignancies comprise a diverse group of cancers that proliferate in lymph nodes, bone marrow, and peripheral blood. SIRT3 (sirtuin 3) is the major deacetylase within the mitochondrial matrix that promotes aerobic metabolism and controls reactive oxygen species (ROS) by deacetylating and activating isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2). There is controversy as to whether SIRT3 acts as an oncogene or a tumor suppressor, and here we investigated its role in B cell malignancies...
February 12, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Lindsay E Calderon, Shu Liu, Nova Arnold, Bethany Breakall, Joseph Rollins, Margaret Ndinguri
OBJECTIVES: Calcium independent group VIA phospholipase A2 (iPLA2β) and Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) are upregulated in many disease states; their involvement with cancer cell migration has been a recent subject for study. Further, the molecular mechanisms mediating nicotine-induced breast cancer cell progression have not been fully investigated. This study aims to investigate whether iPLA2β mediates nicotine-induced breast cancer cell proliferation and migration through both in-vitro and in-vivo techniques...
2015: PloS One
Larysa V Yuzefovych, Andrea G Kahn, Michele A Schuler, Lars Eide, Ritu Arora, Glenn L Wilson, Ming Tan, Lyudmila I Rachek
Production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and integrity of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are crucial in breast cancer progression and metastasis. Therefore, we evaluated the role of mtDNA damage in breast cancer by genetically modulating the DNA repair enzyme 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) in the PyMT transgenic mouse model of mammary tumorigenesis. We generated mice lacking OGG1 (KO), mice overexpressing human OGG1 subunit 1α in mitochondria (Tg), and mice simultaneously lacking OGG1 and overexpressing human OGG1 subunit 1α in mitochondria (KO/Tg)...
January 1, 2016: Cancer Research
Yupeng Dong, Yoshitaka Kimura, Takuya Ito, Clarissa Velayo, Takafumi Sato, Rika Sugibayashi, Kiyoe Funamoto, Kudo Hitomi, Keita Iida, Miyuki Endo, Naoaki Sato, Nobuo Yaegashi
During pregnancy, both ischemic reperfusion and bacterial agent LPS are known risk factors for fetal brain damage. However, there is a lack of evidence to explain whether vaginal LPS affects the fetus response to ischemic reperfusion. Here we reported that there was more than 2 folds higher vulnerability of fetal brain hemorrhage response to ischemic reperfusion when mother mouse was treated with vaginal LPS. As our previously reported, ischemic reperfusion induces P53-dependent fetal brain damage was based on a molecular mechanism: the transcriptional pattern was changed from HIF-1alpha-dependent to P53-dependent immediately...
December 4, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Emma J Hodson, Lynn G Nicholls, Philip J Turner, Ronan Llyr, James W Fielding, Gillian Douglas, Indrika Ratnayaka, Peter A Robbins, Christopher W Pugh, Keith J Buckler, Peter J Ratcliffe, Tammie Bishop
Ventilatory sensitivity to hypoxia increases in response to continued hypoxic exposure as part of acute acclimatisation. Although this process is incompletely understood, insights have been gained through studies of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) hydroxylase system. Genetic studies implicate these pathways widely in the integrated physiology of hypoxia, through effects on developmental or adaptive processes. In keeping with this, mice that are heterozygous for the principal HIF prolyl hydroxylase, PHD2, show enhanced ventilatory sensitivity to hypoxia and carotid body hyperplasia...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Christina S F Wong, Anna Chen, Mira C P Liu, Belinda S Parker, Andreas Möller
Angiogenesis is triggered in response to hypoxia under many circumstances, from healthy cells and tissues during embryogenesis to pathological conditions like the formation of new blood vessels to supply tumours and promote invasive cancer. Siah2 has been shown to regulate the hypoxia pathway upstream of hypoxia-induced transcription factor subunit Hif-1alpha, and therefore may play an important role in angiogenesis in response to hypoxic stress in endothelial cells. This study aims to investigate the basic function of Siah2 in endothelial cells under hypoxia and to test the ability of Siah2 deficient cells to mount an angiogenic response when deprived of oxygen...
November 2015: Microvascular Research
Ximena M Bustamante-Marin, Matthew S Cook, Jessica Gooding, Christopher Newgard, Blanche Capel
Homozygosity for the Ter mutation in the RNA-binding protein Dead end 1 (Dnd1(Ter/Ter)) sensitizes germ cells to degeneration in all mouse strains. In 129/SvJ mice, approximately 10% of Dnd1(Ter/+) heterozygotes develop spermatogenic failure, and 95% of unilateral cases occur in the left testis. The first differences between right and left testes were detected at Postnatal Day 15 when many more spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) were undergoing apoptosis in the left testis compared to the right. As we detected no significant left/right differences in the molecular pathway associated with body axis asymmetry or in the expression of signals known to promote proliferation, differentiation, and survival of germ cells, we investigated whether physiological differences might account for asymmetry of the degeneration phenotype...
September 2015: Biology of Reproduction
Andrés Tittarelli, Bassam Janji, Kris Van Moer, Muhammad Zaeem Noman, Salem Chouaib
Although natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in the control of melanoma, hypoxic stress in the tumor microenvironment may impair NK-mediated tumor cell killing by mechanisms that are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of hypoxia on the expression and channel activity of connexin 43 (Cx43) in melanoma cells and its impact on their susceptibility to NK cell-mediated lysis. Our results demonstrated that hypoxic stress increases Cx43 expression in melanoma cells via hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) transcriptional activity...
September 25, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Maria Ioannou, Efrosyni Paraskeva, Korina Baxevanidou, George Simos, Roidoula Papamichali, Constantina Papacharalambous, Maria Samara, George Koukoulis
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide and despite the abundance of molecular pathways and markers continually being reported, the mortality rates remain high. Hypoxia inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1α) plays a major role in the response of tumors to hypoxia, and contributes to tumor aggressiveness, invasiveness and resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Targeting HIF-1α is an attractive strategy, with the potential for disrupting multiple pathways crucial for tumor growth. In the current study, HIF-1α immunohistochemical expression in CRC is reviewed along with the relation to clinical outcome and prognosis...
May 2015: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Beata Sulikowska, Bolesław Rutkowski, Andrzej Marszałek, Jacek Manitius
Interstitium - the renal tubulointerstitial compartment - is located between the renal tubule basement membrane and microcirculation vessels. Interstitial fibroblasts produce the extracellular matrix and constitute the structure's cellular skeleton, regulating spatial relationships between its components (microenvironment). The tubular epithelium and endothelium cooperate within an integrated microenvironment. Structural or functional impairment of the extracellular matrix, microcirculation vessels or tubular epithelium results in disturbances of tubulointerstitial compartment components...
2015: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Jia-Wei Min, Jiang-Jian Hu, Miao He, Russell M Sanchez, Wen-Xian Huang, Yu-Qiang Liu, Najeeb Bassam Bsoul, Song Han, Jun Yin, Wan-Hong Liu, Xiao-Hua He, Bi-Wen Peng
Previous studies have demonstrated that the early suppression of HIF-1α after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) injury provides neuroprotection. Vitexin (5, 7, 4-trihydroxyflavone-8-glucoside), an HIF-1α inhibitor, is a c-glycosylated flavone that has been identified in medicinal plants. Therefore, we hypothesized that treatment with vitexin would protect against HI brain injury. Newborn rat pups were subjected to unilateral carotid artery ligation followed by 2.5 h of hypoxia (8% O2 at 37 °C). Vitexin (30, 45 or 60 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally at 5 min or 3 h after HI...
December 2015: Neuropharmacology
D Campos, W Peeters, K Nickel, K Eliceiri, R Kimple, A Van Der Kogel, M Kissick
PURPOSE: To understand radiation induced alterations in cellular metabolism which could be used to assess treatment or normal tissue response to aid in patient-specific adaptive radiotherapy. This work aims to compare the metabolic response of two head and neck cell lines, one malignant (UM-SCC-22B) and one benign (Normal Oral Keratinocyte), to ionizing radiation. Responses are compared to alterations in HIF-1alpha expression. These dynamics can potentially serve as biomarkers in assessing treatment response allowing for patient-specific adaptive radiotherapy...
June 2015: Medical Physics
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