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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792894/medical-students-reflect-on-the-future-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-use-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#1
Ivie Eweka, Jean Fleuriscar, Jacqueline Fleuriscar, Adenike Adeyemi-Jones, Brianna Dillon, Tashuna Albritton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792477/psychological-adjustment-in-spanish-young-adult-domestic-adoptees-mental-health-and-licit-substance-consumption
#2
Yolanda Sánchez-Sandoval, Sandra Melero
Although adoptive families have been shown to provide a protective context for human development, some adopted children and adolescents are at increased risk for psychological adjustment problems. On the other hand, little is known about psychological adjustment of young adult adoptees. The aim of this study is to analyze the mental health and legal substance consumption (tobacco and alcohol) of young adults (n = 134) who were domestically adopted by Spanish families. Young adults showed significantly worse scores on the Symptom Check-List-90-R (Derogatis, 1975) and also more substance use than did the Spanish general population, but fewer difficulties than did the clinical population...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792092/the-relationship-between-narcissism-and-personality-traits-of-the-five-factor-model-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#3
Marc Allroggen, Peter Rehmann, Eva Schürch, Carolyn C Morf, Michael Kölch
Introduction: Narcissism is seen as a multidimensional construct that consists of two manifestations: grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. In order to define these two manifestations, their relationship to personality factors has increasingly become of interest. However, so far no studies have considered the relationship between different phenotypes of narcissism and personality factors in adolescents. Method: In a cross-sectional study, we examine a group of adolescents (n = 98; average age 16...
May 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792082/mining-concepts-of-health-responsibility-using-text-mining-and-exploratory-graph-analysis
#4
Sofia Kjellström, Hudson Golino
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists need to know about people's beliefs about personal responsibility for health to help them pursue everyday activities. AIM: The study aims to employ state-of-the-art quantitative approaches to understand people's views of health and responsibility at different ages. METHODS: A mixed method approach was adopted, using text mining to extract information from 233 interviews with participants aged 5 to 96 years, and then exploratory graph analysis to estimate the number of latent variables...
May 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791926/meniscus-repair-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-treatment-approaches-meniscal-healing-and-outcomes
#5
Márcio Balbinotti Ferrari, Colin P Murphy, João Luiz Ellera Gomes
Although the consequences of traumatic meniscus tears and the importance of meniscal repair are well-established in adults, the same cannot be said for the young population. Better evidence regarding the outcomes following traumatic meniscal tears in children would improve our understanding of this increasing pathology and help define important factors in deciding the best treatment option. A systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines using the Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE Ovid, and MEDLINE PubMed databases...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791684/stability-of-the-anterior-arm-of-three-different-hyrax-hybrid-expanders-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Gonzalo de la Iglesia, André Walter, Fernando de la Iglesia, Heinz Winsauer, Andreu Puigdollers
INTRODUCTION: The force applied to the teeth by fixed orthopaedic expanders has previously been studied, but not the force applied to the orthodontic mini-implant (OMI) used to expand the maxilla with Hyrax hybrid expanders (HHE). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to evaluate the clinical safety of the components (OMI, abutment and double wire arms) of three different force-transmitting systems (FTS) for conducting orthopaedic maxillary expansion: Jeil Medical & Tiger Dental™, Microdent™ and Ortholox™...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790934/pediatric-pituitary-adenomas-early-and-long-term-surgical-outcome-in-a-series-of-85-consecutive-patients
#7
Lina Raffaella Barzaghi, Marco Losa, Jody Filippo Capitanio, Luigi Albano, Giovanna Weber, Pietro Mortini
BACKGROUND: Young age has been reported as a negative prognostic factor for pituitary adenomas (PAs). They are very uncommon in children and adolescents; therefore, surgical outcomes are poorly described. OBJECTIVE: To report results of microsurgical transsphenoidal approach (MTSA) in pediatric PAs. METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed 3040 PAs treated in our institute, according to the adenoma subtype and then divided into pediatric (≤18 yr) and adult groups (>18 yr)...
May 22, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788734/neovascularization-in-ewing-s-sarcoma
#8
A F Mavrogenis, C Th Vottis, P D Megaloikonomos, G D Agrogiannis, S Theocharis
Ewing's sarcoma is the second most common bone malignancy in adolescents and young adults after osteosarcoma. Similar to other solid tumors, Ewing's sarcomas require an adequate vascular supply to grow and survive. The development and maintenance of vascular supply is accomplished via three main mechanisms; angiogenesis, vasculogenesis, and tumor cell vasculogenic mimicry. In addition, growth factors, parallel biochemical pathways and the tumor microenvironment are implicated in the initiation and maintenance of neovascularization...
March 14, 2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788423/variability-in-adolescent-portal-privacy-features-how-the-unique-privacy-needs-of-the-adolescent-patient-create-a-complex-decision-making-process
#9
Marianne Sharko, Lauren Wilcox, Matthew K Hong, Jessica S Ancker
Objective: Medical privacy policies, which are clear-cut for adults and young children, become ambiguous during adolescence. Yet medical organizations must establish unambiguous rules about patient and parental access to electronic patient portals. We conducted a national interview study to characterize the diversity in adolescent portal policies across a range of institutions and determine the factors influencing decisions about these policies. Methods: Within a sampling framework that ensured diversity of geography and medical organization type, we used purposive and snowball sampling to identify key informants...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788360/use-of-social-media-for-health-related-tasks-by-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-step-in-the-pathway-of-transition
#10
Winnie Szeto, Annelotte van der Bent, Carter R Petty, Jason Reich, Francis Farraye, Laurie N Fishman
Background: Social media is commonly used among the adolescent and young adult population, including those with chronic diseases. For adults, these platforms have been shown to be a major source of health information. Our aims were to explore how youth with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) use social media for (1) disease information gathering, (2) provider communication, (3) sense of belonging to the IBD community, (4) self-expression around IBD, and (5) disease management/monitoring...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788085/involving-young-people-in-health-promotion-research-and-policy-making-practical-recommendations
#11
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Aixa Y Aleman-Diaz, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
Youth is a dynamic and complex transition period in life where many factors jeopardise its present and future health. Youth involvement enables young people to influence processes and decisions that affect them, leading to changes in themselves and their environment (e.g. peers, services, communities and policies); this strategy could be applied to improve health and prevent diseases. Nonetheless, scientific evidence of involving youth in health-related programmes is scarce. The aim of this paper is to describe youth involvement as a health promotion strategy and to compile practical recommendations for health promoters, researchers and policy-makers interested in successful involvement of young people in health-related programmes...
May 18, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786892/association-between-initial-age-of-exposure-to-childhood-abuse-and-cognitive-control-preliminary-evidence
#12
Kristen L Mackiewicz Seghete, Anne P DePrince, Marie T Banich
Cognitive control, which relies on the protracted development of frontal-parietal regions into adolescence, is a brain process that may be particularly vulnerable to the impact of childhood abuse. In this study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine associations between the age of onset of childhood abuse and alterations to the neural mechanisms supporting cognitive control in early adulthood, which have not been previously examined. During fMRI scanning, participants completed hybrid block/event-related versions of a classic color-word Stroop task as well as emotional Stroop tasks (threat and positive words)...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786874/meta-analysis-of-the-association-of-alcohol-related-social-media-use-with-alcohol-consumption-and-alcohol-related-problems-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
REVIEW
Brenda L Curtis, Samantha J Lookatch, Danielle E Ramo, James R McKay, Richard S Feinn, Henry R Kranzler
Despite the pervasive use of social media by young adults, there is comparatively little known about whether, and how, engagement in social media influences this group's drinking patterns and risk of alcohol-related problems. We examined the relations between young adults' alcohol-related social media engagement (defined as the posting, liking, commenting, and viewing of alcohol-related social media content) and their drinking behavior and problems. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the association of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems with alcohol-related social media engagement...
May 22, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785681/diabetes-symptoms-predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes
#14
James W Varni, Alan M Delamater, Korey K Hood, Jennifer K Raymond, Kimberly A Driscoll, Jenise C Wong, Saleh Adi, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Ellen K Grishman, Melissa A Faith, Sarah D Corathers, Jessica C Kichler, Jennifer L Miller, Elena M Doskey, Vincent P Aguirre, Robert W Heffer, Don P Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to investigate the patient-reported diabetes symptoms predictors of generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents and young adults (AYA) with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The 15-item PedsQL™ 3.2 Diabetes Module Diabetes Symptoms Summary Score and PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales were completed in a 10-site national field test study by 513 AYA ages 13-25 years with type 1 (n = 424) or type 2 (n = 89) diabetes...
May 21, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785559/childbirth-after-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-population-based-study
#15
Hazel B Nichols, Chelsea Anderson, Kathryn J Ruddy, Kristin Z Black, Barbara Luke, Stephanie M Engel, Jennifer E Mersereau
PURPOSE: Annually, > 45,000 US women are diagnosed with cancer during adolescence and young adulthood (AYA). Since 2006, national guidelines have recommended fertility counseling for cancer patients. We examined childbirth after AYA cancer by calendar period, cancer diagnosis, and maternal characteristics. METHODS: We identified a cohort of women with an incident invasive AYA cancer diagnosis at ages 15-39 during 2000-2013 in North Carolina. Cancer records were linked with statewide birth certificates through 2014...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785134/the-impact-of-acne-and-facial-post-inflammatory-hyperpigmentation-on-quality-of-life-and-self-esteem-of-newly-admitted-nigerian-undergraduates
#16
Adeolu Oladayo Akinboro, Ogochukwu Ifeanyi Ezejiofor, Fatai Olatunde Olanrewaju, Mufutau Muphy Oripelaye, Olatunde Peter Olabode, Olugbenga Edward Ayodele, Emmanuel Olaniyi Onayemi
Background: Acne and facial post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are relatively common clinical conditions among adolescents and young adults, and inflict psychosocial injuries on sufferers. Objective: To document the psychosocial and self-esteem implications of acne and facial hyperpigmentation on newly admitted undergraduates. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 undergraduates. Demographics and clinical characteristics were obtained and acne was graded using the US Food and Drug Administration 5-category global system of acne classification...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784137/factors-influencing-the-documentation-of-fertility-related-discussions-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#17
G Skaczkowski, V White, K Thompson, H Bibby, M Coory, R Pinkerton, W Nicholls, L M Orme, R Conyers, M B Phillips, M Osborn, R Harrup, A Anazodo
PURPOSE: A cancer diagnosis and treatment may have significant implications for a young patient's future fertility. Documentation of fertility-related discussions and actions is crucial to providing the best follow-up care, which may occur for many years post-treatment. This study examined the rate of medical record documentation of fertility-related discussions and fertility preservation (FP) procedures for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records for 941 patients in all six Australian states...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784116/gendered-mechanisms-underlie-the-relation-between-pubertal-timing-and-adult-depressive-symptoms
#18
Adriene M Beltz
PURPOSE: Sex differences in depression emerge in adolescence, in concert with puberty. Off-time maturers, especially early-maturing girls, report more depressive symptoms than their same-sex peers. Recent evidence shows that these pubertal timing effects persist into adulthood, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. METHODS: Participants were 318 young adults (201 women, 117 men) who rated their depressive symptoms in the past 2 weeks and provided valid retrospective reports of their pubertal timing...
June 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784107/using-the-social-ecological-model-to-improve-access-to-care-for-adolescents-and-young-adults
#19
EDITORIAL
Christopher R Harper, Riley J Steiner, Kathryn A Brookmeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783103/sleep-spindles-and-cognitive-performance-across-adolescence-a-meta-analytic-review
#20
C M Reynolds, M A Short, M Gradisar
Higher sleep spindle activity generally relates to better cognitive performance in adults, while studies in children often show the opposite. As children become young adults, there is rapid brain maturation and development of higher-order cognitive functions, and therefore investigations within this age group may elucidate the relationship between spindles and cognition in this developmental period. Twelve studies published between 2009 and 2016 were identified. Meta-analyses revealed a positive relationship between spindles and cognition overall (r = 0...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
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