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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144209/bidirectional-associations-between-body-dissatisfaction-and-depressive-symptoms-from-adolescence-through-early-adulthood
#1
Helen Sharpe, Praveetha Patalay, Tse-Hwei Choo, Melanie Wall, Susan M Mason, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms are commonly experienced during adolescence and increase the risk of adverse health outcomes, especially eating disorders. However, the dominant temporal associations between these two experiences (i.e., whether one is a risk factor for the other or the two are mutually reinforcing) has yet to be fully explored. We examined the associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms assessed at baseline and 5- and 10-year follow-up in younger (M age = 12...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144163/demand-for-ct-scans-increases-during-transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-an-observational-study-from-2009-to-2015
#2
Pete Thurley, Jonathan Crookdake, Mark Norwood, Nigel Sturrock, Andrew W Fogarty
OBJECTIVE: Avoiding unnecessary radiation exposure is a clinical priority in children and young adults. We aimed to explore demand for CT scans in a busy general hospital with particular interest in the period of transition from paediatric to adult medical care. METHODS: We used an observational epidemiological study based in a teaching hospital. Data were obtained on numbers and rates of CT scans from 2009 to 2015. The main outcome was age-stratified rates of receiving a CT scan...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143762/executive-function-capacities-negative-driving-behavior-and-crashes-in-young-drivers
#3
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Walshe, Chelsea Ward McIntosh, Daniel Romer, Flaura K Winston
Motor vehicle crashes remain a leading cause of injury and death in adolescents, with teen drivers three times more likely to be in a fatal crash when compared to adults. One potential contributing risk factor is the ongoing development of executive functioning with maturation of the frontal lobe through adolescence and into early adulthood. Atypical development resulting in poor or impaired executive functioning (as in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) has been associated with risky driving and crash outcomes...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143068/patient-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-classical-philadelphia-chromosome-negative-myeloproliferative-neoplasms
#4
Prajwal Boddu, Lucia Masarova, Srdan Verstovsek, Paolo Strati, Hagop Kantarjian, Jorge Cortes, Zeev Estrov, Sherry Pierce, Naveen Pemmaraju
Little is known about the outcomes of Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) in adolescents and young adults (AYA). We reviewed all patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and myelofibrosis (MF) treated at our institution from 1988 to 2016 who were aged 16 to 39 years (AYA) and described their outcomes in comparison to older MPN population. Of 2206 patients, 185 (8.3%) were identified as AYA: 105 (57%) ET, 43 (23%) PV, and 37 (20%) MF. The median age was 33 years [range, 16-39], and median follow-up time 3 years [range, 0...
November 15, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137022/the-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-training-on-lean-mass-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis
#5
Hengting Chen, Jianxiong Ma, Bin Lu, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: Whole-body vibration training (WBVT) confers a continuous vibration stimuli to the body. Although some reports have discussed the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) on bone mineral density and muscle strength, study of WBV effects on lean mass have not been determined. The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to evaluate published, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of WBVT on lean mass. METHODS: We identified only RCTs by searching databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to March 2017...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134763/trends-in-beverage-consumption-among-children-and-adults-2003-2014
#6
Sara N Bleich, Kelsey A Vercammen, Jonathan Wyatt Koma, Zhonghe Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide the most recent national estimates for beverage consumption among children and adults in the United States. METHODS: Dietary data were collected from 18,600 children aged 2 to 19 years and from 27,652 adults aged ≥ 20 years in the 2003 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Total beverage and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption was measured by 24-hour dietary recall. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2014, per capita consumption of all beverages declined significantly among children (473...
November 14, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134751/cortical-hemispheric-asymmetries-are-present-at-young-ages-and-further-develop-into-adolescence
#7
Hiroshi Yamazaki, Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Melissa Jane Polonenko, Salima Jiwani, Daniel D E Wong, Blake Croll Papsin, Karen Ann Gordon
Specialization of the auditory cortices for pure tone listening may develop with age. In adults, the right hemisphere dominates when listening to pure tones and music; we thus hypothesized that (a) asymmetric function between auditory cortices increases with age and (b) this development is specific to tonal rather than broadband/non-tonal stimuli. Cortical responses to tone-bursts and broadband click-trains were recorded by multichannel electroencephalography in young children (5.1 ± 0.8 years old) and adolescents (15...
November 13, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131876/errors-in-data-input-in-meta-analysis-on-association-between-initial-use-of-e-cigarettes-and-subsequent-cigarette-smoking-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131705/early-education-and-employment-outcomes-after-cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#9
Silja Kosola, Maria C McCarthy, Robyn McNeil, Lisa M Orme, Sarah Drew, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: This study describes the early educational and vocational outcomes of Australian adolescents and young adults (AYAs) after cancer diagnosis and examines factors associated with these outcomes. METHODS: Within this cross-sectional national Australian study, 196 AYAs aged 15-25 years at cancer diagnosis and within 6-24 months of diagnosis were recruited from 18 sites. Participants completed a survey that included questions about school and work outcomes, support received regarding necessary changes to education and vocation, and validated measures of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131155/treatment-intensity-and-symptom-burden-in-hospitalized-adolescent-and-young-adult-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients-at-the-end-of-life
#10
J M Snaman, A C Talleur, J Lu, D R Levine, E C Kaye, A Sykes, Z Lu, B M Triplett, J N Baker
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) oncology patients experience many physical and psychological symptoms at the end of life (EOL); however, data on these experiences for AYA patients who have undergone hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) remains sparse. We sought to investigate the characteristics of AYA patients aged 15-25 years who received allogeneic HCT and subsequently died while inpatient at our institution between the years 2008 and 2014. A standardized data extraction tool was used to collect information about patient demographics, treatment and symptoms...
November 13, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130470/-the-influence-of-social-stress-on-the-reinforcing-effect-of-ecstasy-under-the-conditioned-place-preference-paradigm-the-role-played-by-age-dose-and-type-of-stress
#11
REVIEW
M P Garcia-Pardo, J E de la Rubia, M A Aguilar
INTRODUCTION: Addiction to drugs is a chronic illness with severe repercussions for those that consume them and to date has no known cure. Psychostimulants, such as ecstasy, are the most widely consumed illegal drugs among adolescents and young adults. AIMS: To describe and to analyse the different variables that can influence the effects of social stress and the reinforcing properties of ecstasy. Likewise, it also seeks to evaluate whether the effects of social stress on conditioned place preference (induced by ecstasy) are similar to those deriving from other psychostimulants, such as cocaine...
November 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130370/normal-adult-and-adolescent-performance-on-tasit-s-a-short-version-of-the-assessment-of-social-inference-test
#12
Skye McDonald, Cynthia Honan, Samantha K Allen, Rebecca El-Helou, Michelle Kelly, Fiona Kumfor, Olivier Piguet, Jessica L Hazelton, Christine Padgett, Hannah A D Keage
There is a need for short, reliable, sensitive assessment tools to measure social cognition. The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT) is an ecologically valid instrument that uses videos of actors engaged in everyday conversations to assess emotion perception, the ability to detect lies, sarcasm and sincerity, and the ability to judge what others are thinking, intending, feeling, and saying. A recently developed short version of TASIT retains the structure of the original test and its clinical sensitivity...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130147/callous-unemotional-traits-modulate-brain-drug-craving-response-in-high-risk-young-offenders
#13
Gina M Vincent, Lora M Cope, Jean King, Prashanth Nyalakanti, Kent A Kiehl
Adults with psychopathy have a high propensity for substance abuse, generally starting from a young age. This investigation tested hypotheses about differences in the neural responses associated with drug craving among high-risk young offenders with histories of abuse of stimulants and other drugs as a function of psychopathic traits. Fifty-four male adolescents (44 with a history of stimulant abuse and 10 controls) incarcerated at a maximum-security facility (M age = 17.08 years) completed a drug-cue exposure task while brain hemodynamic activity was monitored using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with a mobile MRI scanner stationed at the facility...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#14
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127340/hair-cortisol-in-twins-heritability-and-genetic-overlap-with-psychological-variables-and-stress-system-genes
#15
Liz Rietschel, Fabian Streit, Gu Zhu, Kerrie McAloney, Josef Frank, Baptiste Couvy-Duchesne, Stephanie H Witt, Tina M Binz, John McGrath, Ian B Hickie, Narelle K Hansell, Margaret J Wright, Nathan A Gillespie, Andreas J Forstner, Thomas G Schulze, Stefan Wüst, Markus M Nöthen, Markus R Baumgartner, Brian R Walker, Andrew A Crawford, Lucía Colodro-Conde, Sarah E Medland, Nicholas G Martin, Marcella Rietschel
Hair cortisol concentration (HCC) is a promising measure of long-term hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. Previous research has suggested an association between HCC and psychological variables, and initial studies of inter-individual variance in HCC have implicated genetic factors. However, whether HCC and psychological variables share genetic risk factors remains unclear. The aims of the present twin study were to: (i) assess the heritability of HCC; (ii) estimate the phenotypic and genetic correlation between HPA axis activity and the psychological variables perceived stress, depressive symptoms, and neuroticism; using formal genetic twin models and molecular genetic methods, i...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126059/enhancing-early-psychosis-treatment-using-smartphone-technology-a-longitudinal-feasibility-and-validity-study
#16
Tara A Niendam, Laura M Tully, Ana-Maria Iosif, Divya Kumar, Kathleen E Nye, Jennifer C Denton, Lauren N Zakskorn, Taylor L Fedechko, Katherine M Pierce
Smartphone applications that promote symptom tracking and self-management may improve treatment of serious mental illness (SMI). Although feasibility has been established in chronic adult outpatient or inpatient SMI samples, no data exist regarding implementation of smartphone technology in adolescent and young adult populations as part of early psychosis (EP) outpatient care. We implemented a smartphone "app" plus clinician Dashboard as an add-on treatment tool in the University of California, Davis Early Psychosis Program...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125906/narrative-review-of-the-educational-vocational-and-financial-needs-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-recommendations-for-support-and-research
#17
Joanna E Fardell, Claire E Wakefield, Pandora Patterson, Alistair Lum, Richard J Cohn, Simon A Pini, Ursula M Sansom Daly
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer have unique needs around education and vocation during and after treatment. This narrative review series aims at documenting the unique needs of AYAs from the current literature and at providing recommendations to inform an update of the Australian National Service Delivery Framework for AYAs with Cancer. AYAs with cancer may experience impairments to cognitive, physical, and psychological functioning and health, which can adversely affect their academic grades, peer relationships, and likelihood of entering the workforce...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125526/bowel-management-and-continence-in-adults-with-spina-bifida-results-from-the-national-spina-bifida-patient-registry-2009-15
#18
John S Wiener, Kristina D Suson, Jonathan Castillo, Jonathan C Routh, Stacy Tanaka, Tiebin Liu, Elisabeth Ward, Judy Thibadeau, David Joseph, National Spina Bifida Patient Registry
INTRODUCTION: Advances in care have allowed most children with spina bifida (SB) to live to adulthood. The majority have neuropathic bowel dysfunction (NBD), resulting in constipation, incontinence, and diminished quality of life. We sought to 1) describe contemporary NBD management and continence outcomes of adults with SB; 2) describe differences from younger patients; and 3) assess for association with socio-economic factors. METHODS: We analyzed data on NBD management and continence from the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry (NSBPR)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125512/a-chronic-care-model-for-spina-bifida-transition
#19
Ellen Fremion, Melissa Morrison-Jacobus, Jonathan Castillo, Heidi Castillo, Kathryn Ostermaier
Providing comprehensive transition care for adolescents and young adults with spina bifida (AYASB) requires a structured approach to addressing chronic condition management, self-management, care coordination, and health care navigation that is adaptable to the various levels of cognitive ability, physical function, and family/community environments within the population. This commentary (1) highlights AYASB transition program needs identified in the literature and within a local community, (2) analyzes advantages and limitations of published AYASB transition care models in addressing these needs, (3) demonstrates how a SB transition clinic used the Chronic Care Model (CCM) to develop a comprehensive AYASB transition program, and (4) examines the potential feasibility in adapting this model to other SB clinics...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125192/long-term-outcomes-among-2-year-survivors-of-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-hodgkin-and-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#20
Regina M Myers, Brian T Hill, Bronwen E Shaw, Soyoung Kim, Heather R Millard, Minoo Battiwalla, Navneet S Majhail, David Buchbinder, Hillard M Lazarus, Bipin N Savani, Mary E D Flowers, Anita D'Souza, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Amelia Langston, Jean A Yared, Robert J Hayashi, Andrew Daly, Richard F Olsson, Yoshihiro Inamoto, Adriana K Malone, Zachariah DeFilipp, Steven P Margossian, Anne B Warwick, Samantha Jaglowski, Amer Beitinjaneh, Henry Fung, Kimberly A Kasow, David I Marks, Jana Reynolds, Keith Stockerl-Goldstein, Baldeep Wirk, William A Wood, Mehdi Hamadani, Prakash Satwani
BACKGROUND: Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (auto-HCT) is a standard therapy for relapsed classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); however, long-term outcomes are not well described. METHODS: This study analyzed survival, nonrelapse mortality, late effects, and subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in 1617 patients who survived progression-free for ≥2 years after auto-HCT for cHL or DLBCL between 1990 and 2008. The median age at auto-HCT was 40 years; the median follow-up was 10...
November 10, 2017: Cancer
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