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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650604/serum-adiponectin-levels-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#1
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Adiponectin (APN) is adipose tissue-derived hormone influencing energy metabolism. Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) may contribute to the development of disturbances in the hormonal function of adipose tissue (AT), and many disorders observed in untreated patients with GHD coincides with these contributed to low serum APN levels. OBJECTIVES: The assessment of serum adiponectin levels in adolescents and young adults with severe or partial GHD and analysis of relationships between serum APN and GH/IGF-1 axis function impairment as well as cardiometabolic risk factors...
May 26, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648819/%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-%C3%AE-9-thc-administration-after-neonatal-exposure-to-phencyclidine-potentiates-schizophrenia-related-behavioral-phenotypes-in-mice
#2
Guadalupe Rodríguez, Nichole M Neugebauer, Katherine Lan Yao, Herbert Y Meltzer, John G Csernansky, Hongxin Dong
The clinical onset of schizophrenia often coincides with cannabis use in adolescents and young adults. However, the neurobiological consequences of this co-morbidity are not well understood. In this study, we examined the effects of Δ9-THC exposure during early adulthood on schizophrenia-related behaviors using a developmental mouse model of schizophrenia. Phencyclidine (PCP) or saline was administered once in neonatal mice (at P7; 10mg/kg). In turn, Δ9-THC or saline was administered sub-acutely later in life to cohorts of animals who had received either PCP or saline (P55-80, 5mg/kg)...
June 22, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647791/premonitory-symptoms-of-migraine-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#3
REVIEW
N Karsan, P Prabhakar, P J Goadsby
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Premonitory symptoms in migraine; symptoms occurring before the onset of migraine pain or aura, are an increasingly recognised area of interest within headache research. It has been recently documented in the literature that these symptoms also occur in children and adolescents, with a comparable phenotype to adults. This review discusses the wide presentation of premonitory symptoms in migraine in children and adolescents, and the importance of understanding how these early symptoms are mediated in order to ensure that targeted abortive therapies are developed in the future...
July 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647722/developing-implementation-strategies-for-firearm-safety-promotion-in-paediatric-primary-care-for-suicide-prevention-in-two-large-us-health-systems-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#4
Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Shari Jager-Hyman, Steven C Marcus, Brian K Ahmedani, John E Zeber, Joel A Fein, Gregory K Brown, Adina Lieberman, Rinad S Beidas
INTRODUCTION: The promotion of safe firearm practices, or firearms means restriction, is a promising but infrequently used suicide prevention strategy in the USA. Safety Check is an evidence-based practice for improving parental firearm safety behaviour in paediatric primary care. However, providers rarely discuss firearm safety during visits, suggesting the need to better understand barriers and facilitators to promoting this approach. This study, Adolescent Suicide Prevention In Routine clinical Encounters, aims to engender a better understanding of how to implement the three firearm components of Safety Check as a suicide prevention strategy in paediatric primary care...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646962/the-long-shadow-of-lemierre-s-syndrome
#5
Joshua Osowicki, Sarah Kapur, Linny Kimly Phuong, Simon Dobson
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare and feared complication of pharyngitis, occurring most commonly in adolescents and young adults. It is typically defined by the constellation of septic internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis, pulmonary and other septic emboli, and sterilesite infection by Fusobacterium necrophorum. The rarity and severity of Lemierre's syndrome has made it an attractive subject for case reports but there is a paucity of evidence to inform areas of persistent uncertainty. In recent years, heightened attention and controversy has focused upon speculation that a purported rise in the incidence of Lemierre's syndrome is due to reduced antibiotic prescribing for respiratory tract infections, that F...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646830/dietary-fiber-sources-consumption-and-overweight-among-polish-male-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Beata Krusińska, Justyna Weronika Wuenstel, Joanna Kowalkowska, Lidia Wądołowska, Małgorzata Anna Słowińska
Background: There has been an increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents and young adults, especially in men than women. Many adolescents have a sedentary lifestyle and consume more processed, low-fiber foods. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of fiber intake and its selected dietary source consumption in relation to the overweight among Polish male students. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 1,233 male students aged 13...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646566/structural-neuroimaging-correlates-of-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-in-adolescents-and-adults
#7
Rachel E Thayer, Sophie YorkWilliams, Hollis C Karoly, Amithrupa Sabbineni, Sarah Feldstein Ewing, Angela D Bryan, Kent E Hutchison
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic alcohol use is associated with lower gray matter volume, and we recently reported that alcohol use showed negative associations with widespread gray matter (GM) volume even among young adults. The current study aimed to test the strength of association between (1) alcohol use and GM volume; (2) alcohol use and white matter (WM) integrity; (3) cannabis use and GM volume; and (4) cannabis use and WM integrity among adults and adolescents. DESIGN AND SETTING: General linear models within large pooled cross-sectional samples of adolescents and adults who had participated in studies collecting substance use and neuroimaging data in the southwestern United States...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646354/associations-between-race-and-eating-disorder-symptom-trajectories-in-black-and-white-girls
#8
Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer E Wildes, Yu Cheng, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kate Keenan, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
Epidemiological research suggests racial differences in the presentation of eating disorder symptoms. However, no studies have examined associations between race and eating disorder symptom trajectories across youth and adolescence, which is necessary to inform culturally sensitive prevention programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the trajectories of eating disorder symptoms from childhood to young adulthood and to examine whether race was associated with trajectory group membership. Data were drawn from 2,305 Black and White girls who participated in a community-based longitudinal cohort study (Pittsburgh Girls Study) examining the development of psychopathology...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644350/lack-of-knowledge-and-low-readiness-for-health-care-transition-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis
#9
Swathi Eluri, Wendy M Book, Ellyn Kodroff, Mary Jo Strobel, Jessica H Gebhart, Patricia D Jones, Paul Menard-Katcher, Maria E Ferris, Evan S Dellon
OBJECTIVES: A growing population of adolescents/young adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) will need to transition from pediatric to adult health providers. Measuring health care transition (HCT) readiness is critical, but no studies have evaluated this process in EoE/EGE. We determined the scope and predictors of HCT knowledge in patients and parents with EoE/EGE and measured HCT readiness in adolescents/young adults. METHODS: We conducted an online survey of patients 13 years or older and parents of patients with EoE/EGE who were diagnosed when 25 years or younger...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642834/binge-drinking-and-depression-the-influence-of-romantic-partners-in-young-adulthood
#10
Giuseppina Valle Holway, Debra Umberson, Mieke Beth Thomeer
Although research shows that spouses influence each other's health behaviors and psychological well-being, we know little about whether these patterns extend to young people in nonmarital as well as marital relationships. We use the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to consider how a romantic partner's binge drinking and depression influence the respondent's binge drinking and depression within 1,111 young adult couples and explore whether these processes are moderated by gender. We find that partners' binge drinking is associated with increased odds of binge drinking for respondents, and partners' depression is associated with increased odds of depression for respondents...
March 2017: Society and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642230/a-review-of-pulmonary-toxicity-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-the-context-of-smoking-a-focus-on-inflammation
#11
Peter G Shields, Micah Berman, Theodore M Brasky, Jo L Freudenheim, Ewy A Mathe, Joseph McElroy, Min-Ae Song, Mark D Wewers
The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) is increasing rapidly, but their effects on lung toxicity are largely unknown. Smoking is a well-established cause of lung cancer and respiratory disease, in part through inflammation. It is plausible that e-cig use might affect similar inflammatory pathways. E-cigs are used by some smokers as an aid for quitting or smoking reduction, and by never smokers (e.g., adolescents and young adults). The relative effects for impacting disease risk may differ for these groups...
June 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641061/positive-parenting-as-responsible-care-risks-protective-factors-and-intervention-evaluation
#12
Silvia Donato, Anna Bertoni
In this themed issue of the Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, the first four contributions provide knowledge on factors that can support or hinder positive parenting throughout children's lives. In particular, the first article examined the spillover of work stressors on parenting behaviors and the role of spousal support as a moderator of stress spillover. The second contribution examines the association between parents' promotion of volitional functioning and adopted children's sense of strength of family bonds and belonging to the adoptive family...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639954/rare-endobronchial-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-in-pediatric-patient-detected-on-pet-ct-imaging
#13
Pelin Ozcan Kara, Zehra Pinar Koc, Elvan Caglar Citak, Ali Nayci, Gokhan Berktug Bahadir, Taylan Kara
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) can be seen in all age groups, although it is more common in children and adolescents. We report the FDG PET/CT findings in an 8-year-old boy with endobronchial IMT. Endobronchial IMT is more commonly seen in young adults.
June 20, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639838/provider-perceptions-of-stigma-and-discrimination-experienced-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-phiv-while-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care
#14
Cynthia D Fair, Meredith Berk
Historically, children with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) were viewed as the "innocent victims" as their HIV infection was not acquired through sexual/drug related means. Today, adolescents with PHIV are surviving into young adulthood and are engaging in developmentally expected behaviors such as establishing intimate, sexual relationships. Like other youth, those living with PHIV often need to access sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. Previous research has documented stigma and discrimination experienced by adult women living with HIV as they try to access SRH care...
June 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639793/cigarette-smoking-trajectories-of-monoracial-and-biracial-blacks-testing-the-intermediate-hypothesis
#15
Trenette Clark Goings, Sebastian Teran Hidalgo, Matthew O Howard
Research on the cigarette-smoking patterns of biracial adolescents and young adults is severely limited. In this study, we tested the intermediate biracial substance-use hypothesis, which suggests that the prevalence of substance use among biracial individuals falls intermediate to their monoracial counterparts. We examined cigarette-smoking trajectories of a de-aggregated sample of biracial Black adolescents and young adults. We used longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health (Add Health; Harris et al...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639475/ecological-correlates-of-multiple-sexual-partnerships-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-urban-cape-town-a-cumulative-risk-factor-approach
#16
Evans Muchiri, Clifford Odimegwu, Pamela Banda, Lorreta Ntoimo, Sunday Adedini
Studies in South Africa have reported unsafe levels of risky sexual behvaiours among adolescents and young adults, with the country reporting the highest burden of HIV/AIDS globally, as well as a high rate of teenage pregnancy. While determinants of risky sexual behaviours have been investigated for factors occurring at the individual and household levels, not fully explored in the literature is the effect of community level factors. Furthermore, it is unclear whether risk factors occurring within the ecology of adolescents and young adults act cumulatively to influence their sexual practices...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637731/the-impact-of-the-asylum-process-on-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-norway
#17
Marianne Jakobsen, Melinda Ashley Meyer DeMott, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVES: To examine the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors prospectively during the asylum-seeking process, with a focus on specific stages in the asylum process, such as age assessment, placement in a supportive or non-supportive facility and final decision on the asylum applications. DESIGN: This was a2½ year follow-up study of unaccompanied minors (UM) seeking asylum in Norway. Data were collected within three weeks (n=138) and at 4 months (n=101), 15 months (n=84) and 26 months (n=69) after arrival...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637291/pediatric-to-adult-care-transition-perspectives-of-young-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#18
Jerlym S Porter, Kimberly M Wesley, Mimi S Zhao, Rebecca J Rupff, Jane S Hankins
The aim of this study was to explore perspectives of transition and transition readiness of young adult patients (YAs) with sickle cell disease (SCD) who have transitioned to adult health care. In all, 19 YAs with SCD (ages 18-30 years) participated in one of three focus groups and completed a brief questionnaire about transition topics. Transcripts were coded and emergent themes were examined using the social-ecological model of adolescent and young adult readiness for transition (SMART). Themes were consistent with most SMART components...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635543/anxiety-modulates-the-relation-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-severity-and-working-memory-related-brain-activity
#19
Dennis van der Meer, Pieter J Hoekstra, Daan van Rooij, Anderson M Winkler, Hanneke van Ewijk, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Jaap Oosterlaan, Stephen V Faraone, Barbara Franke, Jan K Buitelaar, Catharina A Hartman
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often have heightened levels of anxiety, which has been associated with worse performance on working memory tasks. Knowledge of the neural pathways underlying the combined presence of ADHD and anxiety may aid in a better understanding of their co-occurrence. Therefore, we investigated how anxiety modulates the effect of ADHD severity on neural activity during a visuospatial working memory (VSWM) task. METHODS: Neuroimaging data were available for 371 adolescents and young adults participating in the multicentre cohort study NeuroIMAGE (average age 17...
March 1, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631026/erratum-to-prevalence-and-impact-of-severe-fatigue-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-in-comparison-with-population-based-controls
#20
Hanneke Poort, Suzanne E J Kaal, Hans Knoop, Rosemarie Jansen, Judith B Prins, Eveliene Manten-Horst, Petra Servaes, Olga Husson, Winette T A van der Graaf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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