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Occupational mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351900/employees-perspectives-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-engaging-with-digital-mental-health-interventions-in-the-workplace-qualitative-study
#1
Stephany Carolan, Richard O de Visser
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of work-related stress, depression, and anxiety are high, resulting in reduced productivity and increased absenteeism. There is evidence that these conditions can be successfully treated in the workplace, but take-up of psychological treatments among workers is low. Digital mental health interventions delivered in the workplace may be one way to address this imbalance, but although there is evidence that digital mental health is effective at treating stress, depression, and anxiety in the workplace, uptake of and engagement with these interventions remains a concern...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351784/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-inpatients-in-forensic-mental-health-implications-for-occupational-therapists
#2
Padraic O' Flynn, Roisin O' Regan, Ken O' Reilly, Harry G Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349242/the-negative-effects-on-mental-health-of-being-in-a-non-desired-occupation-in-an-increasingly-precarious-labour-market
#3
Catarina Canivet, Gunnar Aronsson, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Constanze Leineweber, Mahnaz Moghaddassi, Johanna Stengård, Hugo Westerlund, Per-Olof Östergren
Precarious employment has been associated with poor mental health. Moreover, increasing labour market precariousness may cause individuals to feel 'locked-in', in non-desired workplaces or occupations, out of fear of not finding a new employment. This could be experienced as a 'loss of control', with similar negative health consequences. It is plausible that the extent to which being in a non-desired occupation (NDO) or being in precarious employment (PE) has a negative impact on mental health differs according to age group...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349207/gender-career-divide-and-women-s-disadvantage-in-depressive-symptoms-and-physical-limitations-in-france
#4
Emmanuelle Cambois, Clémentine Garrouste, Ariane Pailhé
This study investigated the relationship between women's disadvantage in mental health and physical functioning and gender differences in career backgrounds. Sexual division of labor persists and key career characteristics are overrepresented in women: low-skilled first job, downward occupational trajectory, interruptions. These interrelated characteristics are usually linked to poor health. Their overrepresentation in women may be related to the female-male health gap; however, it may not if overrepresentation transposed into substantially weaker associations with poor health outcomes...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344078/application-of-the-icf-based-norwegian-function-assessment-scale-to-employees-in-germany
#5
Sylvia Jankowiak, Uwe Rose, Norbert Kersten
Background: At the interface of the occupational setting and rehabilitation, normative values for functional ability are desirable and worthwhile. The Norwegian Function Assessment Scale (NFAS) is a 39 item self-report instrument based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). As the questionnaire was not used in a working population, we aimed to obtain functional levels of employees in Germany as measured through the NFAS. Methods: The NFAS was included in the Study on Mental Health at Work (S-MGA) 2011/12, a representative German survey of employees aged 31 to 60 years...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344051/experiences-of-fathers-with-inpatient-premature-neonates-phenomenological-interpretative-analysis
#6
Tahmineh Dadkhahtehrani, Narges Eskandari, Zohre Khalajinia, Hoda Ahmari-Tehran
Background: Birth and hospitalization of premature neonates create enormous challenges for the family with serious impacts on parents' mental and emotional health. The present study was designed to explore the experiences of fathers with premature neonates hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Materials and Methods: In this interpretative phenomenological study, data were collected using in-depth interviews guided with a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed by interpretative phenomenological analysis...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343233/alcohol-use-and-sickness-absence-due-to-all-causes-and-mental-or-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-nationally-representative-study
#7
Leena Kaila-Kangas, Aki Koskinen, Päivi Leino-Arjas, Marianna Virtanen, Tommi Härkänen, Tea Lallukka
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have not distinguished between different alcohol-use histories, which could have contributed to the current inconsistent evidence regarding the relationship between alcohol use and subsequent sickness absence. We thus examined alcohol use and subsequent diagnosis-specific sickness absence in groups with different levels of alcohol use, as well as in lifelong abstainers, former drinkers, and people with clinical alcohol use disorders. METHODS: The data of the population-based Health 2000 Survey (BRIF8901) of 3666 Finns aged 30-55 were linked with national registers on medically certified sickness absences lasting for > 10 working days (long-term) for all causes (2000 - 2010) and for mental or musculoskeletal disorders (2004-2010), as well as with registers on pensions and death (2000-2010)...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338558/the-influence-of-masculine-norms-and-occupational-factors-on-mental-health-evidence-from-the-baseline-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#8
Allison Milner, Anne Kavanagh, Tania King, Dianne Currier
Men employed in male-dominated occupations are at elevated risk of work-related fatalities, injuries, and suicide. Prior research has focused on associations between psychosocial and physical exposures at work and health outcomes. However, masculine norms may also contribute to mental health. We used data from the baseline survey of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health to examine whether: (a) men in male-dominated jobs report greater adherence to masculine norms; (b) being in a male-dominated occupation is associated with poorer mental health; and (c) being in a male-dominated occupation modifies the association between masculine norms and mental health...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334880/variability-in-clinical-outcomes-for-youths-treated-for-subthreshold-severe-mental-disorders-at-an-early-intervention-service
#9
Shane P Cross, Jan L Scott, Daniel F Hermens, Ian B Hickie
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the longitudinal clinical and functional outcomes of young people receiving early intervention services for subthreshold manifestations of severe mental disorders at a youth mental health service in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: The six-month, prospective, longitudinal study collected data on clinical outcomes of 243 young people treated for subsyndromal presentations of putative major mental disorders. Reliable change index scores and effect sizes were calculated to compare results at baseline, three months, and six months for measures of symptoms (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale [BPRS]), psychological distress (Kessler 10 [K10]), and social functioning (Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale [SOFAS])...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316756/-an-analysis-of-the-evaluation-results-of-symptom-checklist-90-for-occupational-females-in-different-industries
#10
Z H Wang, W L Yu, Z Shen, Y Ye, L Hu, G X Yu, L G Sun
Objective: To evaluate the mental health of occupational females in different industries. Methods: We investigated the psychologic status of Chinese occupational females using symptom checklist 90. And statistical software was applied to analyze results of symptom checklist 90. Results: There were 41, 166 effec-tive questionnaires. The number of positive questionnaires was 14 361, and the positive rate was 34.89%. The positive rate of obsessive-compulsive factor was 24.07%. The positive rate of somatization factor was 16...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310532/a-systematic-review-of-technology-assisted-interventions-for-co-morbid-depression-and-substance-use
#11
Nicola A Holmes, Joseph Em van Agteren, Diana S Dorstyn
Introduction Mental health interventions disseminated via, or accessed using, digital technologies are an innovative new treatment modality for managing co-morbid depression and substance use disorder. The present systematic review assessed the current state of this literature. Methods A search of the Cochrane Library, Embase, Pubmed, PsychINFO and Scopus databases identified six eligible studies ( Nparticipants = 862), utilising quasi-experimental or randomised controlled designs. Reporting quality was evaluated and Hedge's g effect sizes (with 95% confidence intervals and p-values) were calculated to determine treatment effectiveness...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300819/labour-market-segregation-and-gender-differences-in-sickness-absence-trends-in-2005-2013-in-finland
#12
Taina Leinonen, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Lauri J Virta, Mikko Laaksonen, Ilona Autti-Rämö, Svetlana Solovieva
Objectives: Women have higher sickness absence rate than men, but less is known of changes in this difference over time. We examined gender differences in sickness absence trends focusing on gender segregation in the labour market. Methods: We used large nationwide register data on Finnish wage earners aged 25-59 and generalized estimation equations based on repeated logistic regression to estimate the annual risk of sickness absence lasting at least 2 weeks. Results: Between 2005 and 2013, the age-adjusted proportion (%) of employees with all-cause sickness absence decreased from the initial levels of 10...
December 29, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300098/effectiveness-and-application-of-an-online-leadership-intervention-to-promote-mental-health-and-reduce-depression-related-stigma-in-organizations
#13
Clare Shann, Angela Martin, Andrea Chester, Scott Ruddock
Addressing the stigma of mental illness and its effect in the workplace is a contemporary issue in occupational health. The role of leaders is a vital but relatively unexplored dimension of this phenomenon. This study examined the effectiveness and application of an online intervention to reduce depression-related stigma in organizational leaders. A randomized controlled, "in the field" study was conducted with 196 leaders. Participants completed an online survey and were randomly assigned to either the experimental or wait-list control group...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288778/child-abuse-and-work-stress-in-adulthood-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#14
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Wendy Nilsen, Ian Colman
The objective of this study was to examine the association between child abuse and work stress in adulthood. We used data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) Mental Health, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of Canadians. This study included all participants aged 20years or older who reported being employed the past 12months (N=14,581). Child physical abuse, sexual abuse, and exposure to intimate partner violence were assessed in relation to several work stress-related indicators...
December 27, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284969/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-mental-health-related-issues-as-occupational-hazards-among-dental-practitioners-in-salem-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Vanita D Revankar, Yadav Chakravarthy, S Naveen, Arun Senthamil Selvan, Aarthi Ganapathy, A S Prasad
Background: Like in any other profession, dental surgeons are also afflicted by many occupational health hazards such as Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and mental health related issues. Aims: To assess the distribution of MSD and mental health related issues amidst dentists in Salem City according to age, sex and number of working hours per week. Objectives: A survey was organized to check the rate of occurrence of these occupational health hazards among dental practitioners in Salem city...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282116/sickness-absence-among-municipal-workers-in-a-brazilian-municipality-a-secondary-data-analysis
#16
Ana Lucia M Leao, Anadergh Barbosa-Branco, Marília D Turchi, Ivan A Steenstra, Donald C Cole
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence, work disability associated with illness or injury, is a major public health problem worldwide. Some studies have investigated determinants of sickness absence among workers with shorter job tenure, but have only focused on certain diagnostic groups. Although it is well established that job tenure has an inverse relationship with work injury rate, less is known about its association with sickness absence for other disorders. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the risk factors for incidence and duration of sickness absence according to diagnosis over a 7-year period...
December 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281591/leisure-time-physical-inactivity-and-psychological-distress-in-female-dominated-occupations-in-lithuania
#17
Vilija Malinauskiene, Romualdas Malinauskas, Mindaugas Malinauskas
Poor mental health, manifesting as psychological distress, has become a leading problem recently; therefore, determining associated factors is important, especially in female-dominated occupations, as women are more prone to psychological distress than men, in part due to demands of both professional and domestic tasks. The objective of the present study was to investigate associations between leisure time physical inactivity and psychological distress, accounting for the possible relation of psychosocial factors at work (job demands, job control, social support at work, workplace bullying) and life events in representative samples of family physicians, internal medicine department nurses and secondary school teachers in Lithuania...
December 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280776/fitness-for-duty-assessments-of-industrial-firefighters-guidance-for-occupational-medicine-physicians
#18
Marianne Dreger, Faiyaz A Bhojani, Luis Castillejo, David Cathcart, Edward M Emmett, Steven Frangos, P Mark Glencross, Chris Herman, Kevin OʼShea, Paul Rountree, David E Turner
: Industrial firefighters share many characteristics with municipal firefighters; however, employers frequently have not addressed or characterized the unique job duties, hazards, and specific physical/mental demands associated with industrial firefighting. In addition, gaps exist in the medical literature with regard to industrial firefighter demographics, behavioral risk factors, and chronic diseases. Finally, the proper methodologies for fitness-for-duty assessment of employees acting in this capacity are lacking...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280775/mental-health-in-the-workplace-a-call-to-action-proceedings-from-the-mental-health-in-the-workplace-public-health-summit
#19
Ron Z Goetzel, Enid Chung Roemer, Calliope Holingue, M Daniele Fallin, Katherine McCleary, William Eaton, Jacqueline Agnew, Francisca Azocar, David Ballard, John Bartlett, Michael Braga, Heidi Conway, K Andrew Crighton, Richard Frank, Kim Jinnett, Debra Keller-Greene, Sara Martin Rauch, Richard Safeer, Dick Saporito, Anita Schill, David Shern, Victor Strecher, Peter Wald, Philip Wang, C Richard Mattingly
OBJECTIVE: To declare a call to action to improve mental health in the workplace. METHODS: We convened a public health summit and assembled an Advisory Council consisting of experts in the field of occupational health and safety, workplace wellness, and public policy to offer recommendations for action steps to improve health and well-being of workers. RESULTS: The Advisory Council narrowed the list of ideas to four priority projects. CONCLUSIONS: The recommendations for action include developing a Mental Health in the Workplace 1) "How to" Guide, 2) Scorecard, 3) Recognition Program, and 4) Executive Training...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275274/the-effects-of-exit-from-work-on-health-across-different-socioeconomic-groups-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Rosanne Schaap, Astrid de Wind, Pieter Coenen, Karin Proper, Cécile Boot
Exit from work leads to different effects on health, partially depending on the socioeconomic status (SES) of people in the work exit. Several studies on the effects of exit from work on health across socioeconomic groups have been performed, but results are conflicting. The aim of this review is to systematically review the available evidence regarding the effects of exit from work on health in high and low socioeconomic groups. A systematic literature search was conducted using Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL and PsycINFO...
December 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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