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Occupational mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930964/differences-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-barriers-to-mental-health-care-between-volunteer-and-career-firefighters
#1
Ian H Stanley, Joseph W Boffa, Melanie A Hom, Nathan A Kimbrel, Thomas E Joiner
Firefighters are at increased risk for mental health problems. However, little is known about differences in psychiatric symptoms between volunteer and career firefighters. This study aimed to (1) describe differences in psychiatric symptoms and barriers to mental health care between U.S. firefighters in volunteer-only and career-only departments; and (2) determine if greater self-reported structural barriers to mental health care (e.g., cost, availability of resources) explain the differences in psychiatric symptom levels...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929927/multiple-dimensions-of-work-related-risk-factors-and-their-relationship-to-work-ability-among-industrial-workers-in-iran
#2
Hamidreza Mokarami, Seyed Bagher Mortazavi, Ali Asgari, Alireza Choobineh, Lorann Stallones
AIMS: The present study was designed to investigate the simultaneous effects of physical, psychosocial and other work-related risk factors on the work ability index (WAI) score among industrial workers. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a questionnaire survey. 280 workers were included in the study. Data were collected using three questionnaires including the Persian version of WAI (P-WAI), the Persian version of job content questionnaire (P-JCQ) and an author-developed measure (to assess work-related factors, health-related factors and socio-demographic characteristics)...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929304/enduring-mental-health-prevalence-and-prediction
#3
Jonathan D Schaefer, Avshalom Caspi, Daniel W Belsky, Honalee Harrington, Renate Houts, L John Horwood, Andrea Hussong, Sandhya Ramrakha, Richie Poulton, Terrie E Moffitt
We review epidemiological evidence indicating that most people will develop a diagnosable mental disorder, suggesting that only a minority experience enduring mental health. This minority has received little empirical study, leaving the prevalence and predictors of enduring mental health unknown. We turn to the population-representative Dunedin cohort, followed from birth to midlife, to compare people never-diagnosed with mental disorder (N = 171; 17% prevalence) to those diagnosed at 1-2 study waves, the cohort mode (N = 409)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928857/further-examination-of-predictors-of-turnover-intention-among-mental-health-professionals
#4
N J Yanchus, D Periard, K Osatuke
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: When mental health professionals leave organizations, detrimental effects on quality of patient care occur. Reasons for leaving include incivility, lack of autonomy, perceptions of unfair treatment and feeling psychologically unsafe at work. This paper sought to investigate additional reasons why mental health professionals intend to quit or to cognitively withdraw from their jobs. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: Past research on this topic is limited in its scope and data...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925449/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-a-questionnaire-measure-of-managerial-stigma-towards-employee-depression
#5
Angela J Martin, Rebecca Giallo
Managers' attitudes play a key role in how organizations respond to employees with depression. We examine the measurement properties of a questionnaire designed to assess managerial stigma towards employees with depression. Using data from a sample of 469 Australian managers representing a wide range of industries and work settings, we conducted a confirmatory factor analysis to assess three proposed subscales representing affective, cognitive and behavioural forms of stigma. Results were equivocal indicating acceptable fit for two-factor (affective and cognitive + behavioural), three-factor (affective, cognitive and behavioural) and higher order models...
December 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924229/men-work-and-mental-health-a-systematic-review-of-depression-in-male-dominated-industries-and-occupations
#6
REVIEW
Ann M Roche, Ken Pidd, Jane A Fischer, Nicole Lee, Anje Scarfe, Victoria Kostadinov
Among men, depression is often unrecognised and untreated. Men employed in male-dominated industries and occupations may be particularly vulnerable. However, efforts to develop tailored workplace interventions are hampered by lack of prevalence data. A systematic review of studies reporting prevalence rates for depression in male dominated workforce groups was undertaken. Studies were included if they were published between 1990 - June 2012 in English, examined adult workers in male-dominated industries or occupations (> 70% male workforce), and used clinically relevant indicators of depression...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923242/-social-inequalities-and-rehabilitation-among-patients-with-mental-illness
#7
K Hofreuter-Gätgens, R Deck, O von dem Knesebeck
Objectives: The concept of social position ("soziale Lagen") includes horizontal (gender, age) and vertical (occupation, education) indicators of social inequalities. For the first time, this concept is used to identify health and health care inequalities among rehabilitation patients with mental illness. Methods: Analyses are based on a survey of 327 patients with mental illness in rehabilitation clinics in northern Germany. Social inequalities are analyzed according to psychosocial health at baseline, utilization of therapies during the stay and psychosocial health 4 month after discharge by applying bi- and multivariate statistical procedures...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909012/the-effect-of-job-loss-on-depressive-symptoms-the-results-from-the-korean-welfare-panel-study-2007-2013
#8
Hyo Jung Yoon, Jae Woo Choi, Suk-Young Jang, Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is closely associated with depressive symptoms. We conducted analysis to find whether the job loss increased the risk of depressive symptoms according to job status, occupation and tenure. METHODS: Data were collected from Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) from 2007 to 2013. To measure the increase in depressive score, we selected respondents who answered for at least 2 years of continuous waves. We performed a longitudinal analysis by generalized estimating equation (GEE) method with a total of 19,399 cases...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905904/evaluating-the-implementation-process-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-in-schools
#9
Roosmarijn M C Schelvis, Noortje M Wiezer, Birgitte M Blatter, Joost A G M van Genabeek, Karen M Oude Hengel, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: The importance of process evaluations in examining how and why interventions are (un) successful is increasingly recognized. Process evaluations mainly studied the implementation process and the quality of the implementation (fidelity). However, in adopting this approach for participatory organizational level occupational health interventions, important aspects such as context and participants perceptions are missing. Our objective was to systematically describe the implementation process of a participatory organizational level occupational health intervention aimed at reducing work stress and increasing vitality in two schools by applying a framework that covers aspects of the intervention and its implementation as well as the context and participants perceptions...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904985/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-enhance-occupational-physicians-guideline-adherence-on-sickness-absence-duration-in-workers-with-common-mental-disorders-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Karlijn M van Beurden, Evelien P M Brouwers, Margot C W Joosen, Michiel R de Boer, Jaap van Weeghel, Berend Terluin, Jac J L van der Klink
Purpose Evidence-based guidelines in occupational health care improve the quality of care and may reduce sickness absence duration. Notwithstanding that, guideline adherence of occupational physicians (OPs) is limited. Based on the literature on guideline implementation, an intervention was developed that was shown to effectively improve self-reported adherence in OPs. The aim of present study was to evaluate whether this intervention leads to earlier return to work (RTW) in workers with common mental disorders (CMD)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899078/identifying-risk-factors-for-household-burdens-of-road-traffic-fatalities-regression-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-taiwan
#11
Lanying Huang
BACKGROUND: Road traffic fatalities (RTF) are among the top ten causes of deaths in the world. The risk factors for RTF fatal victims have been extensively characterized, but studies of household burden of RTF have been very few in number. Accordingly, this article investigates post-crash impacts on RTF victims' family members, including the adverse impacts of lost income, occupational disruption, unfavorable family dynamics, and residential relocation. METHODS: Survey data from 1291 RTF family members interviewed in Taiwan in 2012 provide the evidence of impact used in this article...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896798/applicability-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-based-mobile-app-in-depression-nursing
#12
Kirsikka Kaipainen, Pasi Välkkynen, Nina Kilkku
Due to the high burden of depression, new models and methods of mental healthcare need to be developed. Prior research has shown the potential benefits of using technology tools such as mobile apps as self-help or combined with psychological treatment. Therefore, professionals should acquaint themselves with evidence-based apps to be able to use them with clients and guide the clients in their use. The purpose of this study was to explore how an acceptance and commitment therapy-based mobile app was perceived as a self-management tool among nurses, and how it could be applied in the prevention and treatment of depression and other mental health issues...
November 28, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894466/relationships-between-adult-emotional-states-and-indicators-of-health-care-utilization-findings-from-the-national-health-interview-survey-2006-2014
#13
Judith D Weissman, David Russell, Jeannette Beasley, Melanie Jay, Dolores Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: Adults with serious psychological distress have a high likelihood of mental health problems severe enough to cause serious impairment in social and occupational functioning requiring treatment. These adults visit doctors frequently yet have poor health compared to adults without serious psychological distress. This study examined associations between emotional states of serious psychological distress in relationship to healthcare utilization indicators. A guiding hypothesis was that somatization underlying emotional states contributes to excessive healthcare seeking among adults with serious psychological distress...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893087/targeting-functional-decline-in-alzheimer-disease-a-randomized-trial
#14
Christopher M Callahan, Malaz A Boustani, Arlene A Schmid, Michael A LaMantia, Mary G Austrom, Douglas K Miller, Sujuan Gao, Denisha Y Ferguson, Kathleen A Lane, Hugh C Hendrie
Background: Alzheimer disease results in progressive functional decline, leading to loss of independence. Objective: To determine whether collaborative care plus 2 years of home-based occupational therapy delays functional decline. Design: Randomized, controlled clinical trial. (ClinicalTrial.gov: NCT01314950). Setting: Urban public health system. Patients: 180 community-dwelling participants with Alzheimer disease and their informal caregivers...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885160/how-unemployment-and-precarious-employment-affect-the-health-of-young-people-a-scoping-study-on-social-determinants
#15
REVIEW
Mihaela Vancea, Mireia Utzet
BACKGROUND: The impact of unemployment and precarious employment on the health of young people is not well understood. However, according to social causation, higher socio-economic positions and thus better working conditions are beneficial to health in general. We tried to synthesize the results of studies that test this hypothesis in the case of young people. METHODS: We conducted a scoping study mapping all the academic articles published in the period 2006-2016 in Europe...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881965/fundamental-role-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-677-c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-genotype-and-flavin-compounds-in-biochemical-phenotypes-for-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-psychosis
#16
Stephanie Fryar-Williams
The Mental Health Biomarker Project (2010-2016) explored variables for psychosis in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Blood samples from 67, highly characterized symptomatic cases and 67 gender and age matched control participants were analyzed for methyl tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C → T gene variants and for vitamin B6, B12 and D, folate, unbound copper, zinc cofactors for enzymes in the methylation cycle, and related catecholamine pathways. Urine samples were analyzed for indole-catecholamines, their metabolites, and oxidative-stress marker, hydroxylpyrolline-2-one (HPL)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869954/-reporting-of-work-related-mental-disorders-among-workers-in-bahia-a-descriptive-study-2007-2012
#17
Técia Maria Santos Carneiro E Cordeiro, Amália Ivine Santana Mattos, Mariana de Castro Brandão Cardoso, Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Tânia Maria de Araújo
OBJECTIVE: to describe characteristics of work-related mental disorder (WRMD) cases in the State of Bahia, Brazil, 2007-2012. METHODS: this was a descriptive study using Bahia Surveillance and Health Protection Superintendents Office data kept on the Notifiable Diseases Information System (Sinan). RESULTS: 211 cases of WRMD were reported, 97.0% in the Worker's Health Reference Centers (CEREST), with more reported cases in 2011 (n=63; 29.9%); slightly more than half the cases were found among men (n=108; 51...
April 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869247/effort-reward-imbalance-overcommitment-and-their-associations-with-all-cause-and-mental-disorder-long-term-sick-leave-a-case-control-study-of-the-swedish-working-population
#18
Ulrik Lidwall
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and overcommitment (OC) are associated with all-cause and mental disorder long-term sick leave (LS), and to identify differences in associations between genders, private versus public sector employees and socioeconomic status groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study uses a cross-sectional case-control design with a sample of 3477 persons on long-term sick leave of more than 59 days and a control group of 2078 in employment...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866392/drug-caused-deaths-in-australian-medical-practitioners-and-health-care-professionals
#19
Jennifer L Pilgrim, Rhyse Dorward, Olaf H Drummer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There are numerous factors putting health-care professionals (HCP) at a higher risk of substance abuse and premature death, including high-stress jobs, access to controlled substances, long hours of practice and constant contact with the critically ill. This study aimed to examine fatal drug toxicity in this high-risk cohort, in order to: (1) estimate the rate of drug-caused deaths of Australian HCPs; (2) describe the key characteristics of the cohort; and (3) examine the relationship between HCP occupation and drug type, or intent...
November 20, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864987/-mental-health-day-sickness-absence-amongst-nurses-and-midwives-workplace-workforce-psychosocial-and-health-characteristics
#20
Scott Lamont, Scott Brunero, Lin Perry, Christine Duffield, David Sibbritt, Robyn Gallagher, Rachel Nicholls
AIM: To examine the workforce, workplace, psychosocial and health characteristics of nurses and midwives in relation to their reported use of sickness absence described as 'mental health days'. BACKGROUND: The occupational stress associated with the nursing profession is increasingly recognised and nurse/midwifery absenteeism is a significant global problem. Taking a 'mental health day' as sickness absence is a common phenomenon in Australian healthcare. No previous studies have empirically explored the characteristics of nurses and midwives using such sickness absence...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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