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Occupational mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782077/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-an-efficacy-study-for-mental-health-care-staff
#1
Ryan Askey-Jones
INTRODUCTION: Burnout is a major concern within the NHS impacting negatively on mental healthcare professionals. Evidence suggests that burnout can lead to reduced productivity and reduced quality of care for patients. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have demonstrated effectiveness in mitigating burnout for healthcare professionals; however no previous research has directly reported correlations between burnout and mindfulness. AIM: Does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) reduce burnout amongst mental healthcare professionals and are there any direct correlations between mindfulness and burnout itself?...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781526/the-correlation-between-occupational-stress-coping-strategies-and-the-levels-of-psychological-distress-among-nurses-working-in-mental-health-hospital-in-jordan
#2
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: Psychiatric nurses encounter variety of demanding and stressful events such as dealing with aggressive patients, and hostile. This study purposed to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and psychiatric distress among psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive explanatory design was employed. One hundred and nineteen psychiatric nurses were recruited in the study and data were collected in the period between June and September 2017. FINDINGS: The results showed that participants experienced moderate level of occupational stress and psychiatric distress...
May 21, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779542/improving-data-for-behavioral-health-workforce-planning-development-of-a-minimum-data-set
#3
Angela J Beck, Phillip M Singer, Jessica Buche, Ronald W Manderscheid, Peter Buerhaus
The behavioral health workforce, which encompasses a broad range of professions providing prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation services for mental health conditions and substance use disorders, is in the midst of what is considered by many to be a workforce crisis. The workforce shortage can be attributed to both insufficient numbers and maldistribution of workers, leaving some communities with no behavioral health providers. In addition, demand for behavioral health services has increased more rapidly as a result of federal legislation over the past decade supporting mental health and substance use parity and by healthcare reform...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774006/parent-s-relative-perceived-work-flexibility-compared-to-their-partner-is-associated-with-emotional-exhaustion
#4
Constanze Leineweber, Helena Falkenberg, Sophie C Albrecht
A number of studies have found that control over work conditions and hours is positively related to mental health. Still, potential positive and negative effects of work flexibility remain to be fully explored. On the one hand, higher work flexibility might provide better opportunities for recovery. On the other hand, especially mothers may use flexibility to meet household and family demands. Here, we investigated the association between parent's work flexibility, rated relative to their partner, and emotional exhaustion in interaction with gender...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771556/tobacco-and-alcohol-use-among-firefighters-during-their-first-3-years-of-service
#5
Suzy B Gulliver, Rose Zimering, Jeff Knight, Sandra Morissette, Barbara Kamholz, Eric Meyer, Terence Keane, Michelle Pennington, Tessa Denman, Thomas Carpenter, Nathan Kimbrel
Firefighters constitute an understudied occupational group that are exposed to a great deal of occupational stress including potentially traumatic stress. As such, higher prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders have been observed within this population; however, very little is known about the trajectories of health-risk behaviors among firefighters in response to occupational stress over time. The present study enrolled 322 fire service recruits from 7 urban U.S...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770322/sociodemographic-and-medical-risk-factors-associated-with-antepartum-depression
#6
Giridhara R Babu, G V S Murthy, Neeru Singh, Anita Nath, Mohanbabu Rathnaiah, Nolita Saldanha, R Deepa, Sanjay Kinra
Background: The increasing recognition of antenatal depression is an emerging area of concern in developing countries. We conducted a study to estimate the prevalence of antenatal mental distress and its relation with sociodemographic factors, obstetric factors, and physiological wellbeing in pregnant women attending public health facilities in Bengaluru, South India. Methods: Nested within a cohort study, we assessed the mental status in 823 pregnant women in two public referral hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767403/predicting-the-influence-of-situational-and-immigration-stress-on-latino-day-laborers-workplace-injuries-an-exploratory-structural-equation-model
#7
Maria Eugenia Fernández-Esquer, Kathryn R Gallardo, Pamela M Diamond
Latino day laborers are a socially and economically marginalized immigrant population with a high risk of occupational injury. These workers confront multiple social, psychological, and environmental hardships that increase their risk for adverse health outcomes. How these stressors interact and influence work-related injuries in this population remains unclear. We conducted an exploratory study with 327 Latino day laborers who completed a community survey. We developed a structural equation model, using cross-sectional data to explore the relationships among socioeconomic status, situational and immigration stress, depression, work risk exposure, and occupational injury...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764429/health-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-impairment-of-quality-of-life-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Jessie N Zurita-Cruz, Leticia Manuel-Apolinar, María Luisa Arellano-Flores, Alejandro Gutierrez-Gonzalez, Alma Gloria Najera-Ahumada, Nelly Cisneros-González
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a chronic disease, and for treatment to succeed, it is necessary to harmonize the mental health of the patient with the environment, which impacts quality of life and adherence to medical regimens. The objetive of this study is describe the quality of life of patients with DM2 and the factors relates to its modification. METHODS: This investigation was a cross-sectional study. Patients over 18 years of age with DM2 were selected...
May 15, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760066/socioeconomic-status-moderates-age-related-differences-in-the-brain-s-functional-network-organization-and-anatomy-across-the-adult-lifespan
#9
Micaela Y Chan, Jinkyung Na, Phillip F Agres, Neil K Savalia, Denise C Park, Gagan S Wig
An individual's environmental surroundings interact with the development and maturation of their brain. An important aspect of an individual's environment is his or her socioeconomic status (SES), which estimates access to material resources and social prestige. Previous characterizations of the relation between SES and the brain have primarily focused on earlier or later epochs of the lifespan (i.e., childhood, older age). We broaden this work to examine the relationship between SES and the brain across a wide range of human adulthood (20-89 years), including individuals from the less studied middle-age range...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760034/physician-burnout-resilience-training-is-only-part-of-the-solution
#10
Alan J Card
Physicians and physician trainees are among the highest-risk groups for burnout and suicide, and those in primary care are among the hardest hit. Many health systems have turned to resilience training as a solution, but there is an ongoing debate about whether that is the right approach. This article distinguishes between unavoidable occupational suffering (inherent in the physician's role) and avoidable occupational suffering (systems failures that can be prevented). Resilience training may be helpful in addressing unavoidable suffering, but it is the wrong treatment for the organizational pathologies that lead to avoidable suffering- and may even compound the harm doctors experience...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758475/social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-later-life-a-parallel-convergent-mixed-methods-case-study-of-older-adults-and-their-residential-contexts-in-the-minneapolis-metropolitan-area-usa
#11
Jessica M Finlay, Lindsay C Kobayashi
Social isolation and loneliness are increasingly prevalent among older adults in the United States, with implications for morbidity and mortality risk. Little research to date has examined the complex person-place transactions that contribute to social well-being in later life. This study aimed to characterize personal and neighborhood contextual influences on social isolation and loneliness among older adults. Interviews were conducted with independent-dwelling men and women (n = 124; mean age 71 years) in the Minneapolis metropolitan area (USA) from June to October, 2015...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757254/the-importance-of-nidotherapy-and-environmental-change-in-the-management-of-people-with-complex-mental-disorders
#12
Peter Tyrer
Much has been done in the last 50 years to achieve a better understanding of the psychosocial causes and other factors influencing the manifestation of mental illness, but there has been a conspicuous omission. Although gross environmental deficiencies were exposed in old mental institutions, 70 years ago the more subtle maladaptive settings that reinforce chronicity in mental illness have often been forgotten. In this review, the potential of systematic environmental manipulation as a treatment (nidotherapy) and other similar forms of management, used many times in the past but now mainly in forensic settings, is examined...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743318/shift-work-night-work-and-sleep-disorders-among-pastry-cookers-and-shopkeepers-in-france-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Emilie Pepin, Pascal Gillet, Fabien Sauvet, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Isabelle Thaon, Mounir Chennaoui, Damien Leger
OBJECTIVE: Most research on night and shift work focuses on employee health in large companies, primarily in the healthcare and transportation sectors. However, many night workers work on their own or in small businesses related to services or food. This survey focuses on sleep habits and disorders concerning night work in pastry production and sales. METHODS: An epidemiological telephone cross-sectional survey of night shift workers and their sleep habits was proposed to all employers and employees in the French pastry industry via their insurance health prevention company...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740375/emotional-dissonance-mental-health-complaints-and-sickness-absence-among-health-and-social-workers-the-moderating-role-of-self-efficacy
#14
Anne-Marthe R Indregard, Stein Knardahl, Morten B Nielsen
Health- and social workers are frequently exposed to emotionally demanding work situations that require emotion regulation. Studies have demonstrated a direct relationship between emotion regulation and health complaints and sickness absence. In order to prevent health complaints and to reduce sickness absence among health- and social workers, there is need for greater attention to mechanisms explaining when and how emotionally demanding work situations are related to employee health and sickness absence. The overarching aim of this study was therefore to examine the moderating role of generalized self-efficacy on the association between emotional dissonance, employee health (mental distress and exhaustion), and registry based sickness absence...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#15
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734097/the-influence-of-dietary-patterns-and-stressful-life-events-on-psychological-problems-in-a-large-sample-of-iranian-industrial-employees-structural-equations-modeling-approach
#16
Maryam Yazdi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Awat Feizi, Katayoon Rabiei, Nizal Sarafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Psychological problems affect many employees and their job performance. Although, the association of diet and stress, as modifiable risk factors, with psychological problems have been investigated separately, however their simultaneous impacts have not been studied. The present study aimed at reinvestigating the association of major dietary patterns and stressful life events with intensity of psychological problems in a large sample of Iranian industrial employees. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 3063 employees in an industrial unit in Isfahan, Iran were investigated...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733045/experiences-and-perceptions-of-facilitators-of-the-works
#17
Jade Curtin, Danielle Hitch
BACKGROUND: Some people who have a mental illness may require vocational rehabilitation and support to assist their participation in activity and employment. The WORKS is a vocational rehabilitation group intervention program, co-facilitated by Peer-Support Workers and Occupational Therapists. These facilitators provide support and guidance to people with a mental illness through practical activities and goal development. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the lived experiences and perceptions of facilitators of The WORKS...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725173/obsessive-compulsive-inventory-revised-factor-structure-reliability-validity-and-suicide-risk-screening-characteristics-among-nigerian-patients-with-schizophrenia
#18
Tolulope Opakunle, Olutayo Aloba, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Olubukola Opakunle, Femi Fatoye
Objective: This study attempted to explore the feasibility of use of the 18-item Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) as a subjective suicide risk assessment tool in a cross-sectional sample of Nigerian patients with schizophrenia. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and thirty-two outpatients with schizophrenia were recruited from the mental health clinic of a university teaching hospital in Southwestern Nigeria. They completed the OCI-R in addition to the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, and a sociodemographic and illness-related questionnaire...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724736/-treading-water-but-drowning-slowly-what-are-gps-experiences-of-living-and-working-with-mental-illness-and-distress-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#19
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Anna K Taylor, Gail A Thornton, Marta Buszewicz
OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an in-depth account of general practitioners' (GPs) experiences of living and working with mental illness and distress, as part of a wider study reporting the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burn-out, and sources of stress/distress for GP participants. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721331/the-development-of-an-occupational-therapy-intervention-for-adults-with-a-diagnosed-psychotic-disorder-following-discharge-from-hospital
#20
Mary Birken, Claire Henderson, Mike Slade
Background: A deterioration in mental health and admission to an acute mental health unit can result in skill loss and decreased participation in daily life. Furthermore, discharge from hospital is associated with high risks of social isolation and suicide. This intervention development study aims to describe the rationale, methods and processes of developing an intervention for adults with a diagnosed psychotic disorder following discharge from hospital. The intervention aims to increase participation in self-care and leisure, wellbeing and quality of life and reduce crisis service use...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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