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Occupational mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649884/the-long-term-occupational-fitness-of-uk-military-personnel-following-community-mental-health-care
#1
Norman Jones, Nicola T Fear, Simon Wessely, Gursimran Thandi, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Fitness to undertake operational deployment is a key requirement of military service. AIM: To assess individual deployment fitness at a single point from one month to eight years following discharge from mental healthcare. METHOD: Survival analyses assessed levels of deployability; the predictive effects of key covariates upon time to being classified as non-deployable were examined using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression procedures...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648766/age-sex-and-diagnosis-specific-incidence-rate-of-medically-certified-long-term-sick-leave-among-private-sector-employees-the-japan-epidemiology-collaboration-on-occupational-health-j-ecoh-study
#2
Chihiro Nishiura, Akiko Nanri, Ikuko Kashino, Ai Hori, Chihiro Kinugawa, Motoki Endo, Noritada Kato, Aki Tomizawa, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Tohru Nakagawa, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Toru Honda, Teppei Imai, Akiko Okino, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Naoko Sasaki, Kentaro Tomita, Satsue Nagahama, Takeshi Kochi, Masafumi Eguchi, Hiroko Okazaki, Taizo Murakami, Chii Shimizu, Makiko Shimizu, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Tomofumi Sone, Seitaro Dohi
BACKGROUND: Long-term sick-leave is a major public health problem, but data on its incidence in Japan are scarce. We aimed to present reference data for long-term sick-leave among private sector employees in Japan. METHODS: The study population comprised employees of 12 companies that participated in the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. Details on medically certified sick-leave lasting ≥30 days were collected from each company. Age- and sex-specific incidence rate of sick-leave was calculated for the period of April 2012 to March 2014...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648099/social-anxiety-and-work-status-the-role-of-negative-metacognitive-beliefs-symptom-severity-and-cognitive-behavioural-factors
#3
Henrik Nordahl, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: Psychological health has a profound effect on personal and occupational functioning with Social Anxiety Symptoms in particular having a major effect on ability to work. Recent initiatives have focused on treating psychological illness with cognitive-behavioural models with a view to increasing return to work. However, the psychological correlates of work status amongst individuals with elevated mental health symptoms such as social anxiety are under-explored. AIMS: This study reports a test of unique predictors of work status drawing on variables that have been given centre stage in cognitive-behavioural models and in the metacognitive model of psychological disorder...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647819/the-italian-version-of-the-opening-minds-stigma-scale-for-healthcare-providers-validation-and-study-on-a-sample-of-bachelor-students
#4
Anne Destrebecq, Paolo Ferrara, Luca Frattini, Francesco Pittella, Gemma Rossano, Giuseppe Striano, Stefano Terzoni, Orsola Gambini
Prejudices on psychiatric disorders frequently turn into stigmatizating attitudes, also among health care providers. The Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) was introduced in 2012 to measure stigma. No Italian versions of this tool exist so far. We wanted to investigate stigma among healthcare students in Italy, and to prepare an Italian version of the scale. A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, and Dietistics students...
June 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#5
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640675/health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-workers-variability-across-occupation-groups
#6
Taylor M Shockey, Matthew Zack, Aaron Sussell
OBJECTIVES: To examine the health-related quality of life among workers in 22 standard occupation groups using data from the 2013-2014 US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. METHODS: We examined the health-related quality of life measures of self-rated health, frequent physical distress, frequent mental distress, frequent activity limitation, and frequent overall unhealthy days by occupation group for 155 839 currently employed adults among 17 states. We performed multiple logistic regression analyses that accounted for the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System's complex survey design to obtain prevalence estimates adjusted for potential confounders...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629352/male-suicide-among-construction-workers-in-australia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-major-stressors-precipitating-death
#7
Allison Milner, Humaira Maheen, Dianne Currier, Anthony D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates among those employed in male-dominated professions such as construction are elevated compared to other occupational groups. Thus far, past research has been mainly quantitative and has been unable to identify the complex range of risk and protective factors that surround these suicides. METHODS: We used a national coronial database to qualitatively study work and non-work related influences on male suicide occurring in construction workers in Australia...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628498/earlier-physical-therapy-input-is-associated-with-a-reduced-length-of-hospital-stay-and-reduced-care-needs-on-discharge-in-frail-older-inpatients-an-observational-study
#8
Peter J Hartley, Victoria L Keevil, Ledia Alushi, Rebecca L Charles, Eimear B Conroy, Patricia M Costello, Becki Dixon, Aida M Dolinska-Grzybek, Diana Vajda, Roman Romero-Ortuno
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pressures on hospital bed occupancy in the English National Health Service have focused attention on enhanced service delivery models and methods by which physical therapists might contribute to effective cost savings, while retaining a patient-centered approach. Earlier access to physical therapy may lead to better outcomes in frail older inpatients, but this has not been well studied in acute National Health Service hospitals. Our aim was to retrospectively study the associations between early physical therapy input and length of hospital stay (LOS), functional outcomes, and care needs on discharge...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604355/costs-and-performance-of-english-mental-health-providers
#9
Valerie Moran, Rowena Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Despite limited resources in mental health care, there is little research exploring variations in cost performance across mental health care providers. In England, a prospective payment system for mental health care based on patient needs has been introduced with the potential to incentivise providers to control costs. The units of payment under the new system are 21 care clusters. Patients are allocated to a cluster by clinicians, and each cluster has a maximum review period...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604354/mental-health-insurance-parity-and-provider-wages
#10
Ezra Golberstein, Susan H Busch
BACKGROUND: Policymakers frequently mandate that employers or insurers provide insurance benefits deemed to be critical to individuals' well-being. However, in the presence of private market imperfections, mandates that increase demand for a service can lead to price increases for that service, without necessarily affecting the quantity being supplied. We test this idea empirically by looking at mental health parity mandates. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether implementation of parity laws was associated with changes in mental health provider wages...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604019/occupational-stress-and-mental-health-symptoms-examining-the-moderating-effect-of-work-recovery-strategies-in-firefighters
#11
Gargi Sawhney, Kristen S Jennings, Thomas W Britt, Michael T Sliter
The goal of this research was to examine the moderating effect of work recovery strategies on the relationship between occupational stress experienced by firefighters and mental health symptoms. Work recovery strategies were identified through semistructured interviews with 20 firefighters and a literature search on recovery strategies. A total of 7 work recovery strategies emerged using the 2 methods: work-related talks, stress-related talks, time with coworkers/supervisor, exercise, recreational activities, relaxation, and mastery experiences...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603133/impact-of-terrorism-on-the-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-among-the-residents-of-khyber-bazaar-and-its-immediate-surrounding-areas-in-peshawar-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#12
Syed Asad Abbas, Asad Hassan, Shahid Ali
This study evaluated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the severity of PTSD symptoms in survivors, rescuers and witnesses of terrorist attacks on Khyber bazaar, Qissa Khawani bazaar, and All Saints Church in Peshawar city area. Cross-sectional survey is carried out on a sample of one hundred survivors, rescuers and witness of terrorist attacks using structured interviews to assess the severity of posttraumatic stress, five months after the attacks. The study period extended from January 24, 2014 to March 24, 2014 which constitutes a total of period of 8 weeks...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601504/-changes-in-behaviors-and-indicators-of-mental-health-between-2006%C3%A2-and-2010%C3%A2-in-the-french-working-population
#13
L Malard, J-F Chastang, I Niedhammer
BACKGROUND: The 2008 economic crisis may have had an impact on mental health but the studies on this topic are sparse, in particular among the working population. However, mental health at work is a crucial issue involving substantial costs and consequences. The aim of the study was to assess changes in behaviors and indicators of mental health in the French working population between 2006 and 2010, and to explore the differential changes according to age, origin, occupation, activity sector, public/private sector, self-employed/employee status and work contract...
June 7, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590766/examining-burnout-depression-and-self-compassion-in-veterans-affairs-mental-health-staff
#14
David M Atkinson, John L Rodman, Paul D Thuras, Paulo R Shiroma, Kelvin O Lim
OBJECTIVES: Burnout, a state of emotional exhaustion associated with negative personal and occupational outcomes, is prevalent among healthcare providers. A better understanding of the psychological factors that may be associated with resilience to burnout is essential to develop effective interventions. Self-compassion, which includes kindness toward oneself, recognition of suffering as part of shared human experience, mindfulness, and nonjudgment toward inadequacies and failures, may be one such factor...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584320/workplace-bullying-and-mental-health-among-teachers-in-relation-to-psychosocial-job-characteristics-and-burnout
#15
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study has been to assess the associations between psychological distress and exposure to workplace bullying, taking into account possible influence of adverse psychosocial job characteristics and occupational burnout in a sample of Kaunas (Lithuania) teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample included 517 teachers from 13 secondary schools and was conducted in 2014. The participants filled in the anonymous questionnaire (response rate 71...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584315/social-costs-of-loss-in-productivity-related-absenteeism-in-poland
#16
Agnieszka Genowska, Justyna Fryc, Jarosław Pinkas, Jacek Jamiołkowski, Krystyna Szafraniec, Andrzej Szpak, Iwona Bojar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate indirect costs associated with losses in productivity due to sickness absence among registered workers in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on sick leave durations in 2013 was obtained from the Social Insurance Institution (SII) (Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych - ZUS). Based on the number of assumptions, this data was used for calculating absence durations. The costs of lost productivity were estimated on the basis of the measure of gross value added...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582987/a-review-of-patients-presenting-to-accident-and-emergency-department-with-deliberate-self-harm-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#17
Josephat O Ani, Andrew J Ross, Laura M Campbell
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has described deliberate self-harm (DSH) as a major global health challenge. Little is known about the profile of patients admitted following DSH at district and regional combo hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the profiles of patients and reasons for admission following DSH. SETTING: The study was conducted on data from a busy Accident and Emergency (A&E) department in a combination district and regional hospital situated in Empangeni in northern KwaZulu-Natal...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582947/age-related-associations-between-work-over-commitment-and-zest-for-work-among-swedish-employees-from-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-perspective
#18
Roma Runeson-Broberg, Jean-Baptist du Prel, Peter Westerholm, Maria Nordin, Anders Knutsson, Lars Alfredsson, Göran Fahlén, Richard Peter
BACKGROUND: In aging societies, zest for work may be pivotal when deciding to stay occupationally active longer. Psychosocial work stress is a prevalent public health problem and may have an impact on zest for work. Work over-commitment (WOC) is a personal coping strategy for work stress with excessive striving and a health risk. However, the long-term effect of WOC on zest for work is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the age-related associations of work over-commitment with zest for work...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582940/experiences-of-occupational-physicians-with-the-implementation-of-indicated-prevention-for-long-term-sickness-absence
#19
C P M de Brouwer, P Verdonk, L G P M van Amelsvoort, N W H Jansen, I J Kant, G A M Widdershoven
BACKGROUND: Functioning including work participation, is an emerging challenge in occupational health. The prevention of long term sickness absence (LTSA) through a strategy involving screening and structured early consultation (preventive strategy) was proven effective and can address participation issues. Implementation of this strategy has proven difficult. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the experiences of occupational physicians (OPs) delivering a structured early consultation to office workers, in order to enhance implementation of the strategy...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562154/modelizing-home-safety-as-experienced-by-people-with-mental-illness
#20
Marjorie Désormeaux-Moreau, Nadine Larivière, Ginette Aubin
RATIONALE: As more individuals with mental disorders now live in the community and as the custodial care housing model has shifted to supported housing, home safety has become a rising issue, however, not well documented. OBJECTIVES: To describe the phenomenon of home safety for people with a mental disorder as well as its contributing factors. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative design was used. Individual interviews were conducted with persons with a mental disorder (n = 8), while focus groups were conducted with relatives, health and social service providers and community stakeholders (n = 21)...
May 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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