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Occupational mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#1
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092228/a-comparative-study-of-vocational-education-and-occupational-safety-and-health-training-in-china-and-the-uk
#2
Baisheng Nie, Xin Huang, Fei Xue, Jiang Chen, Xiaobing Liu, Yangyang Meng, Jinxin Huang
In order to enhance Chinese workers' occupational safety awareness, it is essential to learn from developed countries' experiences. This article investigates thoroughly occupational safety and health (OSH) in China and the UK; moreover, the article performs a comparison of Chinese and British OSH training-related laws, regulations and education system. The following conclusions are drawn: China's work safety continues to improve, but there is still a large gap compared with the UK. In China a relatively complete vocational education and training (VET) system has been established...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091432/depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-road-traffic-accident-victims-managed-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southern-nigeria
#3
J E Asuquo, B E Edet, I E Abang, E A Essien, O G Osakwe, E J Aigbomain, K C Chigbundu
BACKGROUND: Psychological responses to traumatic events vary widely across different cultures but studies in the developing countries are scant. The objective of this study is to determine prevalence of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among patients involved in road traffic accident (RTA) compared with that of the general population using a matched control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design was case control and employed the convenient sampling technique...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067780/a-mental-health-survey-of-different-ethnic-and-occupational-groups-in-xinjiang-china
#4
Ailing Fu, Bo Liu, Yu Jiang, Junling Zhao, Guanghui Zhang, Jiwen Liu
Poor mental health has become a serious social and public health-care burden. This cross-sectional study used multistage stratified cluster random sampling to gather mental health information from 11,891 adults (18-60 years) employed in various occupations categorized according to the Chinese Standard Occupational Classification. Mental health was measured by the General Health Questionnaire, and participants exceeding the cut-off score were defined as having poor mental health. The overall prevalence of poor mental health was 23...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050260/working-as-a-doctor-when-chronically-ill-or-disabled-comments-made-by-doctors-responding-to-uk-surveys
#5
Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor W Lambert
OBJECTIVES: To report a qualitative study of themes doctors raised spontaneously, in a large-scale prospective cohort study covering many aspects of their medical careers, when referring to their own chronic illness or disability. DESIGN: Questionnaire survey. SETTING: UK. PARTICIPANTS: Questionnaires were sent one, five and 10 years after graduation to 44,539 doctors who qualified between 1993 and 2012 in the UK: 38,613 questionnaires were returned and 11,859 respondents provided comments made by doctors about their training or work...
July 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049047/does-work-to-family-conflict-really-matter-for-health-cross-sectional-prospective-cohort-and-fixed-effects-analyses
#6
Takashi Oshio, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi
It is well known that work-to-family conflict (WFC) is negatively associated with employees' health outcomes, including mental health and health behavior. However, the associations may be overstated because of insufficient control for unobserved individual attributes. To address this possibility, we compared the associations between WFC and health observed from a cross-sectional, prospective cohort and from fixed-effects regression models. We analyzed data from a Japanese occupational cohort survey of 15,102 observations from 7551 individuals (5947 men and 1604 women), which were collected in two waves with a one-year interval...
December 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043259/-a-preliminary-evaluation-of-mental-status-and-an-investigation-of-occupational-health-knowledge-demand-in-operating-and-maintenance-personnel-in-wind-power-plants
#7
S Q Hu, Q Zhang, X H Zhu, K Sun, S Z Chen, A G Liu, G L Luo, W Huang
Objective: To investigate the mental status, level of occupational health knowledge, health behaviors, and occupational health knowledge demand in operating and maintenance personnel in wind power plants, and to provide a basis for formulating protective measures of occupational health for operating and maintenance personnel in wind power plants. Methods: A cluster sampling was performed in regionally representative wind power plants in the wind power industry from May 2014 to June 2015, and the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) and a self-made evaluation questionnaire were used to investigate the general status, mental health, and occupational health knowledge demand in 160 operating and maintenance workers...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043249/-an-investigation-of-psychological-state-at-different-stages-of-occupational-aids-exposure-and-related-influencing-factors-in-nanning-china
#8
Q Lin, X M Ge, J C Mo, S S Li, C C Chen, S Y Chen
Objective: To investigate the changes in psychological state after occupational exposure in the AIDS occupational exposure population and related influencing factors, and to provide baseline data and a basis for related departments to conduct mental health prevention and intervention for personnel with occupational AIDS exposure. Methods: AIDS risk assessment was performed for all personnel with occupational AIDS exposure in 2014 in Nanning, China, and the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) psychological scale was used for psychological state evaluation at 24 hours, 1 week, and 3 months after occupational exposure in all persons who met the research criteria...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043247/-hot-research-topics-on-cardiovascular-diseases-in-occupational-population-a-bibliometric-analysis
#9
P Zheng, C Y Li, G P Hu, G Jia
Objective: To investigate the literature characteristics and research topics on cardiovascular diseases in the occupational population quantitatively via a bibliometric analysis, and to provide a reference for the selection of research directions. Methods: A search strategy was developed according to the words in Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) , and PubMed database was searched for articles on cardiovascular diseases in the occupational population published from 2006 to 2015. The information of published year, authors, journals, and MeSH words was extracted, frequently used MeSH words were screened out, and a cluster analysis was performed for frequently used MeSH words...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043243/-association-between-sense-of-coherence-and-occupational-stress-of-workers-in-modern-service-industry-in-shanghai-china
#10
X Y Lu, J M Dai, N Wu, C Shu, J L Gao, H Fu
Objective: To investigate understand the current status of the sense of coherence and occupational stress in modern service workers, and to analyze the association between occupational stress and the sense of coherence. Methods: From March to April, 2016, 834 modern service workers from 3 companies in Shanghai, China (in air transportation industry, marketing industry, and travel industry) were surveyed by non-ran-dom sampling. The self-completion questionnaires were filled out anonymously given the informed consent of the workers...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042908/preparing-mental-health-professionals-for-new-directions-in-mental-health-practice-evaluating-the-sensory-approaches-e-learning-training-package
#11
Pamela Meredith, Harriet Yeates, Amanda Greaves, Michelle Taylor, Maddy Slattery, Michelle Charters, Melissa Hill
The application of sensory modulation approaches in mental health settings is growing in recognition internationally. However, a number of barriers have been identified as limiting the implementation of the approach, including workplace culture and a lack of accessible and effective sensory approaches training. The aim of this project was to investigate the efficacy of providing this training through a custom-designed e-learning package. Participants in the present study were predominately nurses and occupational therapists working in mental health settings in Queensland, Australia...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007760/predictive-value-of-work-related-self-efficacy-change-on-rtw-for-employees-with-common-mental-disorders
#12
Suzanne E Lagerveld, Veerle Brenninkmeijer, Roland W B Blonk, Jos Twisk, Wilmar B Schaufeli
To improve interventions that aim to promote return to work (RTW) of workers with common mental disorders (CMD), insight into modifiable predictors of RTW is needed. This study tested the predictive value of self-efficacy change for RTW in addition to preintervention levels of self-efficacy. RTW self-efficacy was measured 5 times within 9 months among 168 clients of a mental healthcare organisation who were on sick leave due to CMD. Self-efficacy parameters were modelled with multilevel analyses and added as predictors into a Cox regression analysis...
December 22, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003034/resistance-training-program-for-fatigue-management-in-the-workplace-exercise-protocol-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Hélio Gustavo Santos, Luciana Dias Chiavegato, Daniela Pereira Valentim, Patricia Rodrigues da Silva, Rosimeire Simprini Padula
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a multifactorial condition that leads to disease and loss in production, and it affects a large number of workers worldwide. This study aims to demonstrate a resistance exercise protocol that individuals will perform during the work schedule, and to evaluate the effectiveness of this exercises program for fatigue control. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a cluster randomized controlled trial with two arms and is assessor blinded. A total of 352 workers of both sexes, aged 18-65 years, from a medium-sized dairy plant were enrolled in this study...
December 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993260/-determining-factors-in-the-access-to-mental-health-services-by-the-adult-colombian-population
#14
Lina María González, Rolando Enrique Peñaloza, María Alexandra Matallana, Fabián Gil, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Angela Patricia Vega Landaeta
INTRODUCTION: Access to mental health services by people with mental disorders has traditionally been limited, and is associated with attitudinal, social, and structural variables. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the factors that determine access to mental health services by the adult population (18-44 years old) in Colombia, from the results obtained in the 2015 National Mental Health Survey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of variables of access to attention in mental health care for adults...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990294/prevalence-and-associated-factors-for-suicidal-ideation-in-the-lagos-state-mental-health-survey-nigeria
#15
Abiodun O Adewuya, Bolanle A Ola, Olurotimi A Coker, Olayinka Atilola, Mathew P Zachariah, Olufemi Olugbile, Adedolapo Fasawe, Olajide Idris
BACKGROUND: To combat the increasing rate of suicide, basic data on suicidal behaviours reflecting the uniqueness of the locality are needed in sub-Saharan Africa. AIMS: To assess the prevalence of suicidal ideation and associated factors. METHOD: Adults (n=11 246) from the five administrative divisions of Lagos State completed questionnaires detailing suicidal ideation, socio-demographic details, common mental disorders (depression, anxiety and somatic symptoms), alcohol and psychoactive substance use disorders and disability...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969088/caseness-rates-and-risk-factors-for-depression-among-vietnamese-cancer-patients
#16
N T K Yen, B Weiss, L T Trung
OBJECTIVE: Research suggests that rates of depression among general population samples in Asia may be significantly lower than in much of the rest of the world. However, whether this applies to depression among cancer patients is unclear, which is important to determine in order to identify depression treatment needs among cancer patients in this region. The purpose of the present study was to assess caseness rates of serious depression among general cancer patients in the Southeast Asian nation of Viet Nam...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966222/older-peoples-perspectives-on-time-spent-alone
#17
Mandy Stanley, Ashley Richard, Shoshannah Williams
BACKGROUND: Large amounts of time spent alone by older people have been associated with loneliness and poor mental and physical health. There is a paucity of research, however, that examines time alone from an occupational perspective. In this exploratory study we explored the perspectives of older people on their time spent alone. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study design was selected. With the aim of maximising variation, five participants were recruited from retirement villages and seven participants who lived independently in the community...
December 14, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965314/how-voter-turnout-varies-between-different-chronic-conditions-a-population-based-register-study
#18
Reijo Sund, Hannu Lahtinen, Hanna Wass, Mikko Mattila, Pekka Martikainen
BACKGROUND: While poor self-rated health is known to decrease an individual's propensity to vote, disaggregation of the components of health on turnout has thus far received only little attention. This study deepens on the understanding of such relationships by examining the association between chronic diseases and voting. METHODS: The study uses an individual-level register-based data set that contains an 11% random sample of the entire electorate in the 1999 Finnish parliamentary elections...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951630/the-relationship-between-job-stress-job-satisfaction-and-the-symptom-checklist-90-revision-scl-90-r-in-marine-officers-on-board
#19
Jae Hee Kim, Soong-Nang Jang
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the relationships among job stress, job satisfaction, and mental health in marine officers. METHODS: The researchers gathered data on marine officers working at a harbor in Chungcheong Province, South Korea, using a self-reported questionnaire. Mental health was measured by the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision (SCL-90-R), and general characteristics including socioeconomic factors, job stress, and job satisfaction were measured by structured questionnaires...
November 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943284/annual-research-review-breaking-cycles-of-violence-a-systematic-review-and-common-practice-elements-analysis-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-children-and-youth-affected-by-armed-conflict
#20
REVIEW
Felicity L Brown, Anne M de Graaff, Jeannie Annan, Theresa S Betancourt
BACKGROUND: Globally, one in 10 children live in regions affected by armed conflict. Children exposed to armed conflict are vulnerable to social and emotional difficulties, along with disrupted educational and occupational opportunities. Most armed conflicts occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where mental health systems are limited and can be further weakened by the context of war. Research is needed to determine feasible and cost-effective psychosocial interventions that can be delivered safely by available mental health workforces (including nonspecialists)...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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