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Occupational mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437694/the-benefits-of-paid-maternity-leave-for-mothers-post-partum-health-and-wellbeing-evidence-from-an-australian-evaluation
#1
Belinda Hewitt, Lyndall Strazdins, Bill Martin
This paper investigates the health effects of the introduction of a near universal paid parental leave (PPL) scheme in Australia, representing a natural social policy experiment. Along with gender equity and workforce engagement, a goal of the scheme (18 weeks leave at the minimum wage rate) was to enhance the health and wellbeing of mothers and babies. Although there is evidence that leave, especially paid leave, can benefit mothers' health post-partum, the potential health benefits of implementing a nationwide scheme have rarely been investigated...
April 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#2
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419586/a-review-of-the-nutritional-challenges-experienced-by-people-living-with-severe-mental-illness-a-role-for-dietitians-in-addressing-physical-health-gaps
#3
REVIEW
S B Teasdale, K Samaras, T Wade, R Jarman, P B Ward
People experiencing a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder or depression with psychotic features, have a 20-year mortality gap compared to the general population. This 'scandal of premature mortality' is primarily driven by preventable cardiometabolic disease, and recent research suggests that the mortality gap is widening. Multidisciplinary mental health teams often include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, specialist mental health nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, offering a range of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments to enhance the recovery of clients who have experienced, or are experiencing a SMI...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417545/gender-composition-of-the-occupation-sexual-orientation-and-mental-health-in-young-adulthood
#4
Koji Ueno, Preeti Vaghela, Amanda N Nix
The gender composition of the occupation has important implications for work conditions, rewards, and experiences, but little is known about whether it impacts workers' mental health. The present study seeks to answer this question by focusing on depressive symptoms and drug dependence symptoms as mental health outcomes and young adulthood as the life course context. The study further examines whether the association varies by sexual orientation, considering that occupational gender composition affects levels of stress exposure and social support availability in different ways for heterosexuals and sexual minorities...
April 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412612/impairment-in-social-functioning-differentiates-youth-meeting-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-criteria-from-other-mental-health-help-seekers-a-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-global-functioning-social-and-global-functioning-role-scales
#5
Nella Lo Cascio, Martina Curto, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Juliana Fortes Lindau, Nicoletta Girardi, Riccardo Saba, Martina Brandizzi, Elena Monducci, Alice Masillo, Giada Colafrancesco, Andrea Solfanelli, Franco De Crescenzo, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Claudia Dario, Mauro Ferrara, Stefano Vicari, Paolo Girardi, Andrea M Auther, Barbara A Cornblatt, Christoph U Correll, Paolo Fiori Nastro
Social and occupational impairments are present in the schizophrenia prodrome, and poor social functioning predicts transition to psychosis in Ultra-High Risk (UHR) individuals. We aimed to: 1) validate the Italian version of the Global Functioning: Social (GF: S) and Global Functioning: Role (GF: S) scales; 2) evaluate their association with UHR criteria. Participants were 12-21-years-old (age, mean=15.2, standard deviation=2.1, male/female ratio=117/120) nonpsychotic help-seekers, meeting (N=39) or not (N=198) UHR criteria...
April 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406131/sleep-health-of-healthcare-workers-in-kano-nigeria
#6
E S Kolo, A O Ahmed, A Hamisu, A Ajiya, B I Akhiwu
BACKGROUND: The relevance of sleep in the life of a human being cannot be overemphasized in terms of physical and mental well-being. Among several factors that can affect the sleep health of an individual occupation have been found to play a prominent role. The literature is still scanty with regard to sleep studies in our environment. AIM: This study aims to assess the sleep health of tertiary healthcare workers in Kano Nigeria and find, if any, its determining or related factors...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401441/effect-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-sickness-absence-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-or-mental-health-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Vidar Halsteinli, Nils Fleten, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To assess effects of an inpatient multicomponent occupational rehabilitation program compared to less comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation on sickness absence in persons with musculoskeletal- or mental health disorders. Methods Randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals 18-60 years old on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2, identified in a national register...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400222/self-reported-health-and-safety-awareness-improves-prediction-of-level-of-care-needs-in-veterans-discharged-from-a-post-acute-unit
#8
Julija Stelmokas, Linas A Bieliauskas, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Robert Hogikyan, Neil B Alexander
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the differential value of a self-reported health and safety awareness measure relative to other medical, psychosocial, and cognitive factors in predicting level of care (LOC) needs following hospital discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Community Living Center Post-Acute Care (CLC-PAC) unit at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 175 Veterans admitted to the VA hospital or directly to the CLC-PAC from home...
April 8, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394294/relationship-between-occupational-stress-5-ht2a-receptor-polymorphisms-and-mental-health-in-petroleum-workers-in-the-xinjiang-arid-desert-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ting Jiang, Hua Ge, Jian Sun, Rong Li, Rui Han, Jiwen Liu
At present, there is growing interest in research examining the relationship between occupational stress and mental health. Owing to the socioeconomic impact of occupational stress and the unique environment of petroleum workers in Xinjiang, a cross-sectional study was carried out between April and December 2015 to investigate the relationship between occupational stress, 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor (5-HTR2A) genotype, and mental health. A total of 1485 workers were selected. The Symptom Checklist 90 was used to assess nine classes of psychological symptoms...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393994/-psychiatry-and-occupational-diseases-act-in-chile-historical-and-critical-review-of-a-complex-relationship
#10
Juan C Almonte, Cristián Mena, Sofía Ortiz, Juan P Osorio
The Work Accidents and Occupational Diseases Act exists in Chile since 1968. It uses a single model for the understanding and management of both somatic diseases like silicosis and psychiatric disorders. During the last decade in Chile, the consultation rates due to psychiatric conditions of probable labor origin has rose over 1,000%, a factor that underscored the deficiencies of this model. The aim of this paper is to analyze the consequences of the application of this act in the psychiatric field for almost 50 years after its promulgation...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380147/-mental-disorders-and-participation-in-the-labor-market-a-multicenter-national-study-in-brazil
#11
Ada Ávila Assunção, Eduardo de Paula Lima, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
The objective was to explore the relationship between labor market participation and patient characteristics in a representative sample of 2,475 adults admitted to 26 Brazilian mental health institutions (15 Centers for Psychosocial Care and 11 hospitals). Socio-demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics were obtained with structured interviews. Multinomial regression was used. Increased likelihood of temporary absence from the work market was associated with female gender, single, divorced, or widowed conjugal status, lack of stable housing, and history of first admission or treatment before the age of 18...
April 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378979/exposure-to-infrasonic-noise-in-agriculture
#12
Bartosz Bilski
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Although exposure to audible noise has been examined in many publications, the sources of infrasound in agriculture have not been fully examined and presented. The study presents the assessment of exposure to infrasound from many sources at workplaces in agriculture with examples of possible ergonomic and health consequences caused by such exposure. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Workers'-perceived infrasonic noise levels were examined for 118 examples of moving and stationary agricultural machines (modern and old cab-type tractors, old tractors without cabins, small tractors, grinders, chargers, forage mixers, grain cleaners, conveyors, bark sorters and combine-harvesters)...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372340/changes-in-occupational-mental-and-physical-health-and-health-symptoms-during-the-economic-recession
#13
Hjördís Sigursteinsdóttir, Gudbjörg L Rafnsdóttir, Gudbjörg Andrea Jónsdóttir
BACKGROUND: In 2008, many Western countries faced a great economic recession, the result of which was increased unemployment and reduced public expenditure. OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on changes in the self-reported mental and physical health and health symptoms of the remaining employees of Icelandic municipalities who worked within the educational system and the care service during the economic recession. We examine gender differences in health and differences between downsized workplaces and workplaces where no downsizing occurred and differences between workplaces with heavy workload and light workload...
March 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368182/successful-implementation-of-a-cognitive-remediation-program-in-everyday-clinical-practice-for-individuals-living-with-schizophrenia
#14
Alexander Panickacheril John, Kim Yeak, Helen Ayres, Milan Dragovic
OBJECTIVE: This article evaluates the feasibility and benefits of implementing cognitive remediation interventions in everyday clinical practice among individuals living with schizophrenia. METHOD: We retrospectively assessed short-term cognitive and occupational outcomes of 89 consecutively admitted people with schizophrenia at a public mental health service. A computerized cognitive remediation program was offered at the facility as an integral component of psychosocial treatments...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366113/characteristics-of-individuals-with-behavioral-health-conditions-who-remain-uninsured-after-full-implementation-of-the-aca
#15
Mir M Ali, Judith L Teich, Ryan Mutter
OBJECTIVE: Since full implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014, the number of uninsured individuals in the United States has declined considerably; however, millions still lack health insurance. Although 29% of the remaining uninsured population (8.5 million individuals) have a mental or substance use disorder, little is known about this population. METHODS: This study used data from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to describe demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, and use of behavioral health services among adults (ages 18-64) with a behavioral disorder who remained uninsured (unweighted N=2,300; weighted N of approximately 8...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365537/suicide-attempters-examined-in-a-parisian-emergency-department-contrasting-characteristics-associated-with-multiple-suicide-attempts-or-with-the-motive-to-die
#16
Florence Perquier, David Duroy, Camille Oudinet, Alya Maamar, Christophe Choquet, Enrique Casalino, Michel Lejoyeux
Among patients examined after a suicide attempt in a Parisian emergency department, we aimed to compare individual characteristics of i) first time and multiple suicide attempters, ii) attempters whose principal motive was "to die" and attempters who had any other motive. Information regarding sociodemographics, clinical characteristics, prior mental health care and outgoing referral was collected in 168 suicide attempters using a standardized form. Associations of these variables with suicide attempt repetition (yes or no) and with the motive underlying the attempt (to die or not) were examined using descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression models...
March 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362354/socio-economic-position-and-suicidal-ideation-in-men
#17
Jane Pirkis, Dianne Currier, Peter Butterworth, Allison Milner, Anne Kavanagh, Holly Tibble, Jo Robinson, Matthew J Spittal
People in low socio-economic positions are over-represented in suicide statistics and are at heightened risk for non-fatal suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Few studies have tried to tease out the relationship between individual-level and area-level socio-economic position, however. We used data from Ten to Men (the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health) to investigate the relationship between individual-level and area-level socio-economic position and suicidal thinking in 12,090 men. We used a measure of unemployment/employment and occupational skill level as our individual-level indicator of socio-economic position...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360780/effect-of-sleep-quality-on-psychiatric-symptoms-and-life-quality-in-newspaper-couriers
#18
Nalan Kara
INTRODUCTION: Working at unusual hours has been found to be related to sleep problems, psychiatric symptoms, and low quality of life. This study aimed to investigate the effect of sleep quality on psychiatric symptoms and the quality of life in newspaper couriers who permanently wake up at early morning hours. METHODS: Thirty-five newspaper couriers who worked for a media company in Ankara and 35 healthy individuals who worked at usual hours and who were matched according to age, gender, and work duration were included in the study...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355705/-occupational-mental-health-and-job-satisfaction-in-university-teachers-in-shenyang-china
#19
M Y Li, Z Y Wang, H Wu, J N Wang, L Wang
Objective: To investigate the current status of occupational mental health and job satisfaction in university teachers in Shenyang, China and related influencing factors. Methods: A total of 1500 teachers from 6 universities in Shenyang were randomly selected as study subjects from November 2013 to January 2014. Self-administered questionnaires were used to investigate mental health, including effort-reward imbalance questionnaire, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, Center for Epidemiological Survey-Depression Scale, and Psychological Capital Questionnaire...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347696/workplace-mental-health-an-international-review-of-guidelines
#20
REVIEW
Kate Memish, Angela Martin, Larissa Bartlett, Sarah Dawkins, Kristy Sanderson
The aim of this systematic review was to determine the quality and comprehensiveness of guidelines developed for employers to detect, prevent, and manage mental health problems in the workplace. An integrated approach that combined expertise from medicine, psychology, public health, management, and occupational health and safety was identified as a best practice framework to assess guideline comprehensiveness. An iterative search strategy of the grey literature was used plus consultation with experts in psychology, public health, and mental health promotion...
March 24, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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