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Occupational mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814311/social-inequalities-in-the-utilization-of-outpatient-psychotherapy-analyses-of-registry-data-from-german-statutory-health-insurance
#1
Jelena Epping, Denise Muschik, Siegfried Geyer
BACKGROUND: Most studies on health disparities deal with the occurrence of disease, but little is known about inequalities in the utilization of mental health services. This paper examines social inequalities in the utilization of outpatient psychotherapy within a health care system where there are low financial barriers to health care and a lack of specific health policies to address access to psychotherapeutic services. METHODS: Registry data of German statutory health insurance for the year 2013 were used (total population: N = 746,963; 10,711 women and men with psychotherapy)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809649/linking-neuroscience-function-and-intervention-a-scoping-review-of-sensory-processing-and-mental-illness
#2
Antoine L Bailliard, Stephanie C Whigham
PURPOSE: Sensory approaches to mental illness are increasingly prominent in occupational therapy. Despite indicators of efficacy, a paucity of literature supports these approaches. This article provides a scoping review of research on the relationship between sensory processing and mental illness. METHOD: Using Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework, we mapped this area of research and identified gaps in the knowledge base. We searched PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Library using the terms sensory and mental health...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809647/clinical-effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-in-mental-health-a-meta-analysis
#3
Moses N Ikiugu, Ranelle M Nissen, Cali Bellar, Alexya Maassen, Katlin Van Peursem
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the effectiveness of theory-based occupational therapy interventions in improving occupational performance and well-being among people with a mental health diagnosis. METHOD: The meta-analysis included 11 randomized controlled trials with a total of 520 adult participants with a mental health diagnosis. Outcomes were occupational performance, well-being, or both. We conducted meta-analyses using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software (Version 3...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809646/occupational-therapy-and-veteran-suicide-a-call-to-action
#4
Amy Kashiwa, Melissa M Sweetman, Loriann Helgeson
Suicide in the U.S. military veteran population is an epidemic with a wide-ranging impact on individuals, families, and society. Death by suicide is preventable. The purpose of this article is to ignite a professional discussion about veteran suicide, a serious mental health issue that is underrepresented in the occupational therapy research literature. Occupational therapy practitioners respond to the changing needs of populations and promote preventive measures to improve health. Actively exploring occupational therapy's role in suicide prevention is a professional responsibility aligned with tenets of the Centennial Vision and Vision 2025...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#5
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806369/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-associated-implications-for-health-and-functioning-among-male-and-female-post-9-11-veterans
#6
Katherine M Iverson, Dawne Vogt, Rachel M Maskin, Brian N Smith
BACKGROUND: There is increased emphasis on identifying patients who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in Department of Veterans Affairs and other health care settings. A better understanding of IPV's implications for health and functioning is needed among post-911 Veterans, and especially male Veterans, to inform IPV screening and response. OBJECTIVES: To identify past 6-month IPV experienced among partnered post-9/11 Veterans and examine sex-based associations between IPV and health...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805069/assessing-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Eman J Abdullah, Hanan E Badr
The main objective of this paper was to assess the level and the determinants of quality of life (QOL) amongst patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenience sample of 200 adult MS patients. Inclusion criteria were: MS diagnosis for at least one year, and aged 21+ years. However, exclusion criteria were: having other neurological diseases, serious cardiovascular, orthopedic or other disability precluding participation. Self-administered questionnaire employed MSQOL-54 with two outcomes: Physical Health Composite (PHC) and mental health composite (MHC)...
August 13, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792829/mental-health-problems-among-nurses-in-paediatric-cardiac-intensive-care
#8
Renata Santos Tito, Patrícia Campos Pavan Baptista, Fabio José da Silva, Vanda Elisa Andres Felli
At present, there are growing rates of psychiatric symptoms among some occupational categories, with emphasis on health professionals who work in hospitals. This study aimed to identify the occurrence of mental health problems (anxiety and depression) among 92 nursing workers in a paediatric cardiac intensive care unit. This is an exploratory, cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach. The research was conducted in a public university hospital specialising in cardiology, pneumology, and thoracic and cardiac surgery...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789653/occupational-status-as-a-determinant-of-mental-health-inequities-in-french-young-people-is-fairness-needed-results-of-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-observational-survey
#9
Marie Blanquet, Emilie Labbe-Lobertreau, Catherine Sass, Dominique Berger, Laurent Gerbaud
BACKGROUND: Employment conditions are associated with health inequities. In 2013, French young people had the highest unemployment rate and among those who worked as salaried workers most of them had temporary job. The purpose of the study was to assess mental health state of French young people through the prism of their occupational status and to measure whether occupational status is a determinant of health inequities. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre observational survey was performed in June and July 2010 in 115 French Local Social Centres and 74 Health Examination Centres, who were available to participate...
August 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783060/a-diagnostic-post-occupancy-evaluation-of-the-nacadia%C3%A2-therapy-garden
#10
Ulrik Sidenius, Patrik Karlsson Nyed, Victoria Linn Lygum, Ulrika K Stigsdotter
The design of the Nacadia® therapy garden is based on a model for evidence-based health design in landscape architecture (EBHDL). One element of the model is a diagnostic post-occupancy evaluation (DPOE), which has not previously been fully developed. The present study develops a generic DPOE for therapy gardens, with a focus on studying the effects of the design on patients' health outcomes. This is done in order to identify successes and failures in the design. By means of a triangulation approach, the DPOE employs a mixture of methods, and data is interpreted corroborating...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780823/-mental-health-status-of-patients-of-occupational-disease-diagnosis-and-its-affected-factors
#11
M Q Guo, D X Zhu, X Guo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757176/-occupational-sedentary-behaviors-and-physical-activity-at-work
#12
Frédéric Dutheil, Jean Ferrières, Yolande Esquirol
Sedentary behaviors are a leading cause of preventable mortality in developed countries. We mainly have sedentary behaviors at work. Sedentary behaviors must be considered as an occupational risk, and therefore must be a major concern for managers and physicians/health researchers. Recreational physical activity only partly compensates for the negative effects of physical inactivity at work. Physical activity at work without excess (walking, standing) is beneficial. Initiatives to reduce physical inactivity and increase physical activity among employees are effective in terms of mental health, physical health, and productivity...
July 27, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756480/validation-of-the-readiness-for-return-to-work-scale-in-outpatient-occupational-rehabilitation-in-canada
#13
Joanne Park, Mary Roduta Roberts, Shaniff Esmail, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Douglas P Gross
Purpose To examine construct and concurrent validity of the Readiness for Return-To-Work (RRTW) Scale with injured workers participating in an outpatient occupational rehabilitation program. Methods Lost-time claimants (n = 389) with sub-acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders completed the RRTW Scale on their first day of their occupational rehabilitation program. Statistical analysis included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the readiness items, reliability analyses, and correlation with related scales and questionnaires...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756417/the-combined-effects-of-job-demand-and-control-effort-reward-imbalance-and-work-family-conflicts-on-the-risk-of-major-depressive-episode-a-4-year-longitudinal-study
#14
Yeshambel T Nigatu, JianLi Wang
PURPOSE: Work-related psychosocial factors may precipitate the onset of depression. In occupational mental health research, there are three widely used theoretical models, namely, job demand and control (JD-C), effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and work-family conflicts (WFC). However, the interaction between these models and their combined effect on the risk of major depression in the workplace is largely unknown. The aim of this study is to examine the longitudinal combined effects of JD-C, ERI and WFC on the risk of major depression in the working population...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748983/design-planning-and-management-of-the-hospital-custody-unit-at-hospital-universitario-fundaci%C3%A3-n-alcorc%C3%A3-n
#15
C de la Fuente-Martín, B de la Fuente Martín, E Grifol-Clar
OBJECTIVE: The design and management of a Hospital Custody Unit at Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, to focus the aim of this study on specialized medical care for extra-penitentiary patients who have suffered from a disease. We are building a new space to facilitate their daily lives at hospital and we want to offer a double function to the patients that consists of a custody space and a health rehabilitation space. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a scientific literature search on the international and national databases, about Hospital Custody Units or Restricted Access Units...
December 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#16
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746705/risk-of-suicide-attempt-among-soldiers-in-army-units-with-a-history-of-suicide-attempts
#17
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Holly Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Paul D Bliese, Alan M Zaslavsky, Tsz Hin Hinz Ng, Pablo A Aliaga, Gary H Wynn, Hieu M Dinh, James E McCarroll, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Michael Schoenbaum, Steven G Heeringa, Murray B Stein
Importance: Mental health of soldiers is adversely affected by the death and injury of other unit members, but whether risk of suicide attempt is influenced by previous suicide attempts in a soldier's unit is unknown. Objective: To examine whether a soldier's risk of suicide attempt is influenced by previous suicide attempts in that soldier's unit. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS), this study identified person-month records for all active-duty, regular US Army, enlisted soldiers who attempted suicide from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2009 (n = 9650), and an equal-probability sample of control person-months (n = 153 528)...
July 26, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744989/impact-of-rurality-and-substance-use-on-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#18
Helen J Stain, Sean A Halpin, Amanda L Baker, Mike Startup, Vaughan J Carr, Ulrich Schall, Kylie Crittenden, Vanessa Clark, Terry J Lewin, Sandra Bucci
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal research into early intervention for youth at ultra high risk (UHR) for psychosis demonstrates beneficial outcomes including increased treatment compliance and greater participation in education and the workforce. Despite known barriers for rural youth accessing mental health services, research comparing urban and rural UHR youth is lacking. The study included an examination of the impact of substance use on functioning of UHR youth. METHODS: Youth aged 12 to 25 years were recruited from the urban area of Newcastle or the rural area of Orange, New South Wales, Australia, and identified as UHR by the Comprehensive Assessment of At Risk Mental States...
July 26, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736455/using-kaizen-to-improve-employee-well-being-results-from-two-organizational-intervention-studies
#19
Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Karina M Nielsen, Terese Stenfors-Hayes, Henna Hasson
Participatory intervention approaches that are embedded in existing organizational structures may improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizational interventions, but concrete tools are lacking. In the present article, we use a realist evaluation approach to explore the role of kaizen, a lean tool for participatory continuous improvement, in improving employee well-being in two cluster-randomized, controlled participatory intervention studies. Case 1 is from the Danish Postal Service, where kaizen boards were used to implement action plans...
August 2017: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736451/assessing-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-municipal-waste-loaders-of-mumbai-india
#20
Pradeep Salve, Praveen Chokhandre, Dhananjay Bansod
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the impact of municipal waste loading occupation upon developing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and thereby disabilities among waste loaders. Additionally, the study has identified the potential risk factors raising MSDs and disabilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control design survey was conducted in 6 out of 24 municipal wards of Mumbai during March-September 2015. The study population consisted of municipal waste loaders (N = 180) and a control group (N = 180)...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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