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Mental health promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924796/more-than-a-feeling-autonomous-sensory-meridian-response-asmr-is-characterized-by-reliable-changes-in-affect-and-physiology
#1
Giulia Lara Poerio, Emma Blakey, Thomas J Hostler, Theresa Veltri
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) describes the experience of tingling sensations in the crown of the head, in response to a range of audio-visual triggers such as whispering, tapping, and hand movements. Public interest in ASMR has risen dramatically and ASMR experiencers watch ASMR videos to promote relaxation and sleep. Unlike ostensibly similar emotional experiences such as "aesthetic chills" from music and awe-inspiring scenarios, the psychological basis of ASMR has not yet been established...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922187/using-information-and-communication-technologies-to-prevent-suicide-among-secondary-school-students-in-two-regions-of-chile-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Franco Mascayano, Sara Schilling, Eric Tapia, Felipe Santander, María S Burrone, Lawrence H Yang, Rubén Alvarado
Background: There is an increasing concern for addressing suicide among adolescents in Latin America. Recent mental health policies encourage the development and implementation of preventive interventions for suicide. Such initiatives, however, have been scarcely developed, even in countries with solid mental health services such as Chile. The use of information and communications technology (ICT) might contribute to create accessible, engaging, and innovative platforms to promote well-being and support for adolescents with mental health needs and suicide risk...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922112/pathway-to-care-and-clinical-profile-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-new-delhi-india
#3
Puneet Anand, Ankur Sachdeva, Vipin Kumar
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood neurobehavioral disorder, which may cause impairment in multiple domains. Understanding the pathway to care helps in planning effective early interventions. The study aims to provide a quantitative description of the factors affecting the help-seeking pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted at an outpatients department of a tertiary care multispecialty hospital. Fifty consecutive consenting children aged 5-15 years were screened and diagnosed for ADHD using Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised: Short Form, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition text revision criteria, and Kiddie Schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia...
May 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920873/strengthening-mental-health-nurses-resilience-through-a-workplace-resilience-programme-a-qualitative-inquiry
#4
Kim Foster, Celeste Cuzzillo, Trentham Furness
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice-related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well-being. Resilience programmes are a strength-based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This qualitative inquiry is the first study to report mental health nurses' perspectives and experiences on a workplace resilience programme...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920685/the-impact-of-carer-status-on-participation-in-healthy-activity-and-self-reported-health-among-australian-women-over-50-years
#5
Teagan Farrugia, Alana Hewitt, Helen Bourke-Taylor, Annette V Joosten
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists frequently work with carers and their family member who requires direct services. In Australia, women provide the majority of informal care. Carer status is determined by the provision of informal help or supervision to an older person, or a person with a disability or long-term health condition. Caregiving responsibilities can impact mental and physical health and reduce women's participation in leisure activities and the labour force. The aim of the study was to examine differences in the participation of Australian women, aged 50 years and over, with and without caregiving responsibilities, in self-selected health promoting activities, self-reported mental health and participation in physical activity...
June 19, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916600/the-missing-link-between-human-ecology-and-public-health-the-case-of-cancer
#6
Carlo Modonesi, Enrico Oddone, Celestino Panizza, Marcello Imbriani
OBJECTIVES: The primary role played by the 'ecological context' in clarifying the causes and dynamics of human health and disease is the topic of this article. It emphasizes that the challenging incidence of cancer and other diseases can be charged primarily to the effects of the worldwide dominant economic model. METHODS: Human culture may act as a powerful force affecting the environment, biology and health of humans and other species. Human culture can be viewed as a special and extreme case of 'niche construction', where human-specific traits, technologies and beliefs act together...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916521/mental-health-promotion-for-gender-minority-adolescents
#7
Valerie Tobin, Walter O Bockting, Tonda L Hughes
The current study uses an ecological model of biopsychosocial vulnerability to guide the description of risk and protective factors for the mental health of gender minority (i.e., transgender and gender non-conforming) adolescents at the individual, family, community, and societal levels. Minority stress is the vulnerability of youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) to adverse mental health outcomes due to stigma. In addition, unlike cisgender (non-transgender) LGB individuals, gender minorities may experience internal stress related to gender dysphoria...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914462/factors-associated-with-motivation-in-medical-education-a-path-analysis
#8
Natchaya Kunanitthaworn, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Salilthip Paiboonsithiwong, Natchaphon Songtrijuck, Pimolpun Kuntawong, Danny Wedding
BACKGROUND: This study identified and investigated the relationship between demographics, mental health problems, positive personality traits and perceived social support and motivation in medical education (MME) among first year medical students. METHODS: One hundred-thirty eight first year medical students completed the Academic Motivation Scale, Outcome Inventory, Strength Based Inventory, and Multidimensional Scale for Perceived Social Support. Path analysis was conducted to identify relationships between the variables of interest and each type of motivation, including intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and amotivation...
June 18, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913743/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-the-historical-background-and-results-of-a-current-approach
#9
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Historic background and development of our somatocognitive approach Mensendieck physiotherapy of the Oslo School is a tradition of physiotherapy founded by the American physician Bess Mensendieck, a contemporary and fellow student of Sigmund Freud at the Paris School of Neurology. It builds on the principles of functional anatomy and the theories of motor learning. We have further developed the theory and practice from this physiotherapy tradition, challenged by the enormous load of patients with longstanding, incapacitating pain on western health care systems, by seeking to incorporate inspirational ideas from body oriented dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912978/mediterranean-diet-and-quality-of-life-baseline-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-predimed-plus-trial
#10
Iñigo Galilea-Zabalza, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Estefanía Toledo, Carolina Ortega-Azorín, Javier Díez-Espino, Zenaida Vázquez-Ruiz, María Dolores Zomeño, Jesús Vioque, José Alfredo Martínez, Dora Romaguera, Napoleón Perez-Farinos, José López-Miranda, Ramón Estruch, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, Fernando Arós, Josep Antoni Tur, Francisco Tinahones, Lluis Serra-Majem, Alba Marcos-Delgado, Manuel Ortega-Calvo, Clotilde Vázquez, Xavier Pintó, Josep Vidal, Lidia Daimiel, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Pilar Matía, Dolores Corella, Andrés Diaz-López, Nancy Babio, Miguel Angel Muñoz, Montse Fitó, Sandra González-Palacios, Itziar Abete, Antonio García-Rios, Emilio Ros, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González
We assessed if a 17-item score capturing adherence to a traditional Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) was associated with better health-related quality of life among older Spanish men and women with overweight or obesity harboring the metabolic syndrome. We analyzed baseline data from 6430 men and women (age 55-70 years) participating in the PREDIMED-Plus study. PREDIMED-Plus is a multi-centre randomized trial testing an energy-restricted MedDiet combined with promotion of physical activity and behavioral therapy for primary cardiovascular prevention compared to a MedDiet alone...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912649/conditions-and-strategies-high-school-students-living-in-lodgings-experience-as-important-and-helpful-for-their-well-being
#11
Wenche Wannebo, Siri Andreassen Devik, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
Many 15- to 16-year-old adolescents in Scandinavian countries have to move away from home to live in lodgings during senior high school. This transition might affect the adolescents' well-being and mental health, with the risk of dropping out of school and/or potential mental health problems. This study aims to explore what adolescents experience to be of importance and helpful for their well-being through their lives in lodgings during senior high school. Qualitative, in-depth interviews were performed among 21 adolescents from the ages of 16 to 18 of both genders living in lodgings in a Norwegian county...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912388/mental-health-service-acceptability-for-the-armed-forces-veteran-community
#12
P Farrand, A Jeffs, T Bloomfield, N Greenberg, E Watkins, E Mullan
Background: Despite developments in mental health services for armed forces veterans and family members, barriers to access associated with poor levels of acceptability regarding service provision remain. Adapting a Step 2 mental health service based on low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) interventions to represent a familiar context and meet the needs of the armed forces veteran community may serve to enhance acceptability and reduce help-seeking barriers. Aims: To examine acceptability of a Step 2 low-intensity CBT mental health service adapted for armed forces veterans and family members provided by a UK Armed Forces charity...
June 15, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910755/promoting-well-being-in-old-age-the-psychological-benefits-of-two-training-programs-of-adapted-physical-activity
#13
Antonella Delle Fave, Marta Bassi, Elena S Boccaletti, Carlotta Roncaglione, Giuseppina Bernardelli, Daniela Mari
In the last few decades, the relationship between physical conditions and mental health has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers and professionals across disciplines. This relationship is especially relevant in old age, as the challenges posed by aging at various levels represent crucial concerns for policy makers. Due to the remarkable increase in life expectancy across countries, sustainable prevention strategies are needed to help individuals preserve psychophysical well-being in old age. In particular, the regular practice of a moderately intense physical activity is recommended by the World Health Organization to enhance balance, prevent falls, strengthen muscles, and promote psychophysical well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909799/health-promoting-lifestyles-among-health-care-workers-in-a-postdisaster-area-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Wanqiu Yang, Timothy Sim, Ke Cui, Jun Zhang, Yanchun Yang, Xiaohong Ma
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers performing rescue tasks in large-scale disaster areas are usually challenged in terms of physical and mental endurance, which can affect their lifestyles. Nevertheless, data on whether health care workers tend to adopt healthy lifestyles after disasters are limited. This paper compares the adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors among health care workers with that among non-health care workers in a postdisaster area. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in August 2016...
June 18, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909022/a-review-on-healthy-ageing-interventions-addressing-physical-mental-and-social-health-of-independent-community-dwelling-older-adults
#15
Betsy Seah, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Ying Jiang, Emily Ang, Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Wenru Wang
Healthy ageing is a multi-dimensional concept which appertains to all older adults. This study reviewed the intervention characteristics, intervention content and effectiveness of multi-dimensional healthy ageing interventions (MHAIs) addressing physical, mental and social health among independent community-dwelling older adults. A search was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, and PsycINFO for studies published from Jan 2007 to October 2016. 18 publications were included, accounting for 15 studies...
June 13, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908617/mental-health-evaluation-for-gender-confirmation-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Randi Ettner
The requests for medically necessary surgical interventions for transgender individuals have steadily increased over the past several years. So too has the recognition of the diverse nature of this population. The surgeon relies heavily on the mental health provider to assess the readiness and eligibility of the patient to undergo surgery, which the mental health provider documents in a referral letter to the surgeon. The mental health provider explores the individual's preparedness for surgery, expectations, and surgical goals and communicates with the surgeon and other providers to promote positive outcomes and inform multidisciplinary care...
July 2018: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903513/prevalence-and-characteristics-associated-with-high-dose-opioid-users-among-older-adults
#17
Shirley Musich, Shaohung S Wang, Luke Slindee, Sandra Kraemer, Charlotte S Yeh
Our primary objective was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of high dose opioid users among older adults. Study populations included adults ≥65 years with: 1) 12-month continuous medical plan enrollment; and 2) at least 2 opioid prescriptions with a cumulative day supply ≥15 days. Opioid users were categorized as high dose >120 milligram morphine equivalents (MME) per day or lower dose ≤120 MMEs per day. Among eligible insureds, 3% (N = 7616) were identified as high dose opioid users...
June 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901242/how-to-make-a-particular-case-for-person-centred-patient-care-a-commentary-on-alexandra-parvan
#18
George Graham
In recent years, a person-centred approach to patient care in cases of mental illness has been promoted as an alternative to a disease orientated approach. Alexandra Parvan's contribution to the person-centred approach serves to motivate an exploration of the approach's most apt metaphysical assumptions. I argue that a metaphysical thesis or assumption about both persons and their uniqueness is an essential element of being person-centred. I apply the assumption to issues such as the disorder/disease distinction and to the continuity of mental health and illness...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899685/securing-rights-and-nutritional-health-for-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-pressing-challenge
#19
Svein Olav Kolset, Marianne Nordstrøm, Sigrun Hope, Kjetil Retterstøl, Per Ole Iversen
Persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) are dependent on nutritional policies that have so far not been addressed in a systematic and health-promoting manner in Norway and other nations with a high socioeconomic standard. In many poor countries, such issues have not even been raised nor addressed. Nutritional issues facing persons with ID include the risk of both underweight and overweight. Deficiency in energy, vitamins, essential fatty acids and micronutrients can increase the risk of additional health burdens in already highly vulnerable individuals...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898823/ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-its-association-with-sedentary-behaviour-and-fitness-in-psychiatric-patients-the-psychiactive-project
#20
J Bueno-Antequera, M Á Oviedo-Caro, D Munguía-Izquierdo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) was defined as meeting ideal levels of 4 health behaviours (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and diet) and 3 biological factors (blood pressure, total cholesterol, and glucose) and is inversely related to cardiovascular disease and mortality. However, the prevalence of ideal CVH in patients with severe mental illness and the possible independent associations of sedentary behaviour and fitness with CVH score are unexplored...
June 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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