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Mental health promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#1
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819693/the-mindmap-project-mental-well-being-in-urban-environments-design-and-first-results-of-a%C3%A2-survey-on-healthcare-planning-policies-strategies-and-programmes-that-address-mental-health-promotion-and-mental-disorder-prevention-for-older-people-in-europe
#2
REVIEW
L Neumann, U Dapp, W Jacobsen, F van Lenthe, W von Renteln-Kruse
BACKGROUND: The MINDMAP consortium (2016-2019) aims to identify opportunities provided by the urban environment for the promotion of mental well-being and functioning of older people in Europe by bringing together European cities with urban longitudinal ageing studies: GLOBE, HAPIEE, HUNT, LASA, LUCAS, RECORD, Rotterdam Study, Turin Study. A survey on mental healthcare planning policies and programmes dedicated to older persons covering the range from health promotion to need of nursing care was performed for profound data interpretation in Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kaunas, Krakow, London, Nord-Trøndelag, Paris, Prague, Rotterdam and Turin...
August 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818243/mental-health-problems-and-cancer-risk-factors-among-young-adults
#3
Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Jessica King, Kathleen Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
INTRODUCTION: Chronic mental health problems often emerge in young adulthood, when adults begin to develop lifelong health behaviors and access preventive health services. The associations between mental health problems and modifiable cancer risk factors in young adulthood are not well understood. METHODS: In 2016, the authors analyzed 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on demographic characteristics, health service access and use, health status, and cancer risk factors (tobacco use, alcohol use, overweight or obesity, physical activity, and sleep) for 90,821 young adults aged 18-39 years with mental health problems (depressive disorder or frequent mental distress) compared to other young adults...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818145/protective-effects-of-emotional-intelligence-and-proactive-coping-on-civil-pilots-mental-health
#4
Yaning Guo, Ming Ji, Xuqun You, Jie Huang
INTRODUCTION: Pilots' mental health is an issue of crucial importance that may endanger flight safety. As such, it is of profound significance to address the question of what characteristics are protective of mental health among pilots. The present study aimed to explore the indirect effects of emotional intelligence (EI) on depression and anxiety via proactive coping, and examine the moderating role of previous flight experience (PFE) in the conditional indirect effect of EI on depression through proactive coping...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818008/occupational-therapy-student-experiences-of-a-university-mental-health-course-based-on-an-integrated-application-of-problem-based-and-team-based-learning
#5
Annika Lexén, Jenny Hultqvist, Gunilla Amnér
BACKGROUND: The goal of problem-based and team-based learning (PBL/TBL) is to maximize student engagement and encourage interactive learning. Combining these methods in course design is described as a win-win situation that optimizes student learning, professional development, and uses varied teaching approaches that fit well within health science. More research is needed in the effectiveness of such a hybrid approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student experiences of a newly developed mental health course based on an integrated application of PBL and TBL in a university occupational therapy program in Sweden...
August 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817734/treatment-gap-and-barriers-for-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-community-survey-in-nepal
#6
Nagendra P Luitel, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Sujit D Rathod, Ivan H Komproe
CONTEXT: There is limited research on the gap between the burden of mental disorders and treatment use in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment gap among adults with depressive disorder (DD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to examine possible barriers to initiation and continuation of mental health treatment in Nepal. METHODS: A three-stage sampling technique was used in the study to select 1,983 adults from 10 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Chitwan district...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816487/associations-between-bullying-involvement-protective-factors-and-mental-health-among-american-indian-youth
#7
Kari Gloppen, Barbara McMorris, Amy Gower, Marla Eisenberg
Bullying involvement as a victim or perpetrator is associated with depression and suicidality, and American Indian (AI) youth experience a disproportionately high rate of these mental health issues. This study assessed whether AI young people involved in bullying were more likely to experience negative mental health problems than AI youth who were not involved in bullying, and identified protective factors that might support this particularly vulnerable population. Data come from 1,409 8th, 9th, and 11th Grade AI students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815394/shared-dysregulation-of-homeostatic-brain-body-pathways-in-depression-and-type-2-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Claire J Hoogendoorn, Juan F Roy, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of shared dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and brain-gut-microbiome (BGM) axes associated with depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Clinical implications and future research are also discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Both depression and T2D are associated with dysregulation of the HPA and BGM axes. These pathways regulate immune function, glucose metabolism, and sleep, which are altered in both illnesses...
August 16, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815374/the-roles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-on-hispanic-children-s-mental-health-a-motor-skill-perspective
#9
Xiangli Gu, M Jean Keller, Karen H Weiller-Abels, Tao Zhang
PURPOSE: Motor competence (MC) has been recognized as the foundation for life-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as well as an influential factor in reducing sedentary behavior during childhood. Guided by Blair et al.'s health model, the purpose of this study was to examine the behavioral mechanism of mental health including physical, psychosocial, and cognitive health among Hispanic children related to MC and MVPA. METHODS: A prospective research design was used with two-wave assessments across one academic year...
August 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814906/psychosocial-challenges-for-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer-interventions-to-improve-well-being
#10
REVIEW
Rebecca H Lehto
As compared to other cancers, lung malignancies are associated with high symptom burden, poorer prognosis, and stigmatization. Such factors increase psychological distress and negatively impact quality of life. Research has documented the efficacy of psychosocial interventions to alleviate psychological distress and promote well-being among patients with cancer. This article summarizes the current literature on psychosocial interventions in lung cancer. Major types of psychosocial interventions in lung cancer include cognitive-behavioral therapies, psycho-education, mind-body, exercise, and supportive or palliative care strategies...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814838/post-acute-care-for-stroke-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#11
Chung-Liang Lai, Ming-Miau Tsai, Jia-Yuan Luo, Wan-Chun Liao, Pi-Shan Hsu, Han-Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Stroke often causes functional decline in patients. Therefore, after the acute phase, many patients require post-acute care (PAC) to maximize their functional progress, reduce disability, and make it possible for them to return to their home and community. PAC can be provided in different settings. Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) proposed a PAC pilot program, effective since 2014, for stroke patients that allowed patients with the potential for functional improvement to receive PAC rehabilitation in regional or community hospitals...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813422/perceived-public-transport-infrastructure-modifies-the-association-between-public-transport-use-and-mental-health-multilevel-analyses-from-the-united-kingdom
#12
Xiaoqi Feng, Zhiqiang Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
AIMS: Investments to promote public transport utilisation are being championed to achieve sustainable development, but the potential co-benefits for mental health are comparatively under-researched. We hypothesised that frequent users of public transport would be more likely to have better mental health (possibly due to increased levels of physical activity), but among the more frequent users, less favourable perceptions of public transport infrastructure (PPTI) could have a negative influence on mental health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811927/premature-deaths-among-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-after-discharge-from-long-term-hospitalisation-in-japan-a-naturalistic-observation-during-a-24-year-period
#13
Shinsuke Kondo, Yousuke Kumakura, Akiko Kanehara, Daisuke Nagato, Taro Ueda, Tsuneo Matsuoka, Yukiko Tao, Kiyoto Kasai
BACKGROUND: Premature death in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) in countries without nationally collected data, including Japan, is structurally underreported. AIMS: To elucidate excess mortality among individuals with SMI in Japan. METHOD: We retrospectively investigated all deaths among users of a non-clinical community-based mental health service provider in suburban Tokyo from 1992 to 2015. RESULTS: During the study period, 45 individuals died among 254 qualified registrants...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811918/shared-decision-making-in-medication-management-development-of-a-training-intervention
#14
Ute Stead, Nicola Morant, Shulamit Ramon
Shared decision-making is a collaborative process in which clinicians and patients make treatment decisions together. Although it is considered essential to patient-centred care, the adoption of shared decision-making into routine clinical practice has been slow, and there is a need to increase implementation. This paper describes the development and delivery of a training intervention to promote shared decision-making in medication management in mental health as part of the Shared Involvement in Medication Management Education (ShIMME) project...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810968/self-management-strategies-for-stress-and-anxiety-used-by-nontreatment-seeking-veteran-primary-care-patients
#15
Robyn L Shepardson, Jennie Tapio, Jennifer S Funderburk
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common reasons individuals do not seek mental health treatment is a preference to manage emotional concerns on their own. Self-management refers to the strategies that individuals use on their own (i.e., without professional guidance) to manage symptoms. Little research has examined self-management for anxiety despite its potential utility as the first step in a stepped care approach to primary care. The objectives of this study were to describe patients' anxiety self-management strategies, identify which types were perceived to be effective, and explore potential correlates...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810955/embedded-mental-health-promotion-of-psychological-hygiene-within-a-submarine-squadron
#16
James Rapley, John Chin, Brian McCue, Mathew Rariden
INTRODUCTION: Psychological fitness is an important component to operational unit readiness and success. Embedding behavioral health providers can reduce unplanned personnel losses (UPL) as a result of psychological stress. The U.S. Submarine Forces implemented the Submarine Squadron 6 (CSS-6) Embedded Mental Health Pilot (EMHP) Program to address this type of UPL, which is classified as a Code 2 loss. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the EMHP Program at reducing UPL by improving psychological readiness through expedited access to care...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809646/occupational-therapy-and-veteran-suicide-a-call-to-action
#17
Amy Kashiwa, Melissa M Sweetman, Loriann Helgeson
Suicide in the U.S. military veteran population is an epidemic with a wide-ranging impact on individuals, families, and society. Death by suicide is preventable. The purpose of this article is to ignite a professional discussion about veteran suicide, a serious mental health issue that is underrepresented in the occupational therapy research literature. Occupational therapy practitioners respond to the changing needs of populations and promote preventive measures to improve health. Actively exploring occupational therapy's role in suicide prevention is a professional responsibility aligned with tenets of the Centennial Vision and Vision 2025...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809613/enrolling-hiv-positive-adolescents-in-mental-health-research-a-case-study-reflecting-on-legal-and-ethical-complexities
#18
Nataly Woollett, John Peter, Lucie Cluver, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV are an emerging group in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Mental health in this population affects HIV care, treatment, consequential morbidity and secondary transmission. There is a paucity of research regarding these youth in South Africa (SA), partly because section 71 of the National Health Act of 2003 (NHA) requires parental or guardian's consent. OBJECTIVE: To explore legal and ethical issues related to conducting adolescent mental health research in SA...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809398/precision-medicine-for-suicidality-from-universality-to-subtypes-and-personalization
#19
A B Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, P L Phalen, H L Dainton, K Roseberry, E M Niculescu, J O Niezer, A Williams, D L Graham, T J Jones, V Venugopal, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, S M Kurian, A Shekhar, N J Schork, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon
Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. We sought to investigate whether blood gene expression biomarkers for suicide (that is, a 'liquid biopsy' approach) can be identified that are more universal in nature, working across psychiatric diagnoses and genders, using larger cohorts than in previous studies...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805421/collaborating-with-community-based-services-to-promote-evidence-based-practice-process-description-of-a-national-initiative-to-improve-services-for-youth-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-problems
#20
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, E B Brownlie
Many youth with significant mental health (MH) and/or substance use (SU) difficulties do not receive specialized services. Collaboration between service providers, researchers, and other stakeholders is essential to improve youth service system capacity to provide evidence-based services to meet the complex array of needs of youth. Facilitators and barriers of implementing evidence-based practice have been identified, but few studies provide examples of the processes of collaboration and implementation for youth MH services...
August 2017: Psychological Services
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