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Mental health promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679106/social-support-intervention-to-promote-resilience-and-quality-of-life-in-women-living-in-karachi-pakistan-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Saima S Hirani, Colleen M Norris, K Jessica Van Vliet, Sander Veldhuyzen Van Zanten, Rozina Karmaliani, Gerri Lasiuk
OBJECTIVES: This study tested the efficacy of a 6-week social support intervention for enhancing resilience and quality of life among women living in low socioeconomic areas of Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: One hundred and twenty women were randomly allocated to the intervention (n = 60) or control group (n = 60). Women in the intervention group attended a 6-week social support program, while those in the control group attended a single mental health awareness session...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678130/cumulative-risk-effect-of-household-dysfunction-for-child-maltreatment-after-intensive-intervention-of-the-child-protection-system-in-japan-a-longitudinal-analysis
#2
Hirotsuna Ohashi, Ichiro Wada, Yui Yamaoka, Ryoko Nakajima-Yamaguchi, Yasukazu Ogai, Nobuaki Morita
BACKGROUND: Building an effective casework system for child maltreatment is a global issue. We estimated the effect of household dysfunction (i.e., interparental violence, caregiver mental health problems, and caregiver substance abuse) on child maltreatment to understand how to advance the current framework of child welfare. METHODS: The sample comprised 759 children (1- to 17-year-old; mean age was 10.6; 404 boys and 355 girls) placed in temporary custody units (one of the strongest intervention of the Japanese child protection system)...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677027/surgery-complications-and-quality-of-life-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-exploring-the-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#3
Stephanie Archer, Anna Pinto, Sabine Vuik, Colin Bicknell, Omar Faiz, Ben Byrne, Maximilian Johnston, Petros Skapinakis, Thanos Athanasiou, Charles Vincent, Ara Darzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether psychosocial factors moderate the relationship between surgical complications and quality of life (QoL). BACKGROUND: Patients who experience surgical complications have significantly worse postoperative QoL than patients with an uncomplicated recovery. Psychosocial factors, such as coping style and level of social support influence how people deal with stressful events, but it is unclear whether they affect QoL following a surgical complication...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677009/cervical-cancer-screening-in-women-with-severe-mental-disorders-an-approach-to-the-spanish-context
#4
Jessica Borrull-Guardeño, Alberto Domínguez, Milton H Merizalde-Torres, Vanessa Sánchez-Martínez
BACKGROUND: The incidence of invasive cervical cancer and its mortality have been reduced through primary and secondary prevention. Screening rates tend to be lower in vulnerable groups, such as people with severe mental disorders, who have a later detection of cancer and a higher mortality. The access of these women to cervical cancer screening is uncertain in our context. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the cervical cancer screening rates in women with severe mental disorders...
April 19, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#5
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673271/beyond-silence-a-randomized-parallel-group-trial-exploring-the-impact-of-workplace-mental-health-literacy-training-with-healthcare-employees
#6
Sandra E Moll, Scott Patten, Heather Stuart, Joy C MacDermid, Bonnie Kirsh
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate whether a contact-based workplace education program was more effective than standard mental health literacy training in promoting early intervention and support for healthcare employees with mental health issues. METHOD: A parallel-group, randomised trial was conducted with employees in 2 multi-site Ontario hospitals with the evaluators blinded to the groups. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 group-based education programs: Beyond Silence (comprising 6 in-person, 2-h sessions plus 5 online sessions co-led by employees who personally experienced mental health issues) or Mental Health First Aid (a standardised 2-day training program led by a trained facilitator)...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673269/dual-diagnosis-a-problematic-construct-when-applied-to-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities
#7
John D McLennan
The term dual diagnosis can refer to the co-occurrence of an intellectual disability and a mental disorder. While such a term may have some advocacy rationale aimed at facilitating improved mental health care for those with intellectual disabilities, it is proposed that the construct has flawed underpinnings, and its application may problematize mental health service delivery. A core concern is the promotion of categorical diagnostic models, whereas dimensional models may more accurately reflect underlying continuums for both cognitive and mental health challenges...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673093/mechanisms-of-change-in-the-relationship-between-self-compassion-emotion-regulation-and-mental-health-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Elisa Inwood, Madeleine Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that self-compassion may improve mental health by promoting emotion regulation (Berking & Whitley, ). This review aimed to identify studies which investigated the relationship between self-compassion, emotion regulation, and mental health in order to examine the role of emotional regulation as a mechanism of change. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PsycINFO, CINAHL, Medline complete, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Inclusion criteria required publications to be: peer reviewed, published in English, contain validated measures of self-compassion and emotion regulation, and report a direct analysis on the relationship between these constructs...
April 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672684/social-media-and-health-information-sharing-among-australian-indigenous-people
#9
Marita Hefler, Vicki Kerrigan, Joanna Henryks, Becky Freeman, David P Thomas
Despite the enormous potential of social media for health promotion, there is an inadequate evidence base for how they can be used effectively to influence behaviour. In Australia, research suggests social media use is higher among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than the general Australian population; however, health promoters need a better understanding of who uses technologies, how and why. This qualitative study investigates what types of health content are being shared among Aboriginal and Torres Strait people through social media networks, as well as how people engage with, and are influenced by, health-related information in their offline life...
April 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672474/active-epilepsy-and-seizure-control-in-adults-united-states-2013-and-2015
#10
Niu Tian, Michael Boring, Rosemarie Kobau, Matthew M Zack, Janet B Croft
Approximately 3 million American adults reported active epilepsy* in 2015 (1). Active epilepsy, especially when seizures are uncontrolled, poses substantial burdens because of somatic, neurologic, and mental health comorbidity; cognitive and physical dysfunction; side effects of antiseizure medications; higher injury and mortality rates; poorer quality of life; and increased financial cost (2). Thus, prompt diagnosis and seizure control (i.e., seizure-free in the 12 months preceding the survey) confers numerous clinical and social advantages to persons with active epilepsy...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672234/transgender-college-students-academic-resilience-and-striving-to-cope-in-the-face-of-marginalized-health
#11
Jenna B Messman, Leigh A Leslie
OBJECTIVE: To examine health behavior and outcome disparities between transgender, female, and male participants in a national sample of US college students. Participants and Method Summary: Analyses utilized secondary data from 32,964 undergraduate and graduate students responding to the Fall 2013 American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment; 65.8% were female, 0.4% were transgender, 67.9% were white, and 90.4% were heterosexual. RESULTS: Transgender students reported more mental health diagnoses, trauma, and suicidality; experienced more violence and less safety, reported more sex partners and sexually transmitted infections (STIs); higher rates of illicit and non-prescription substance use and binge drinking use while engaging in less harm reduction behavior; and reported more barriers to academic success...
April 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671709/regulation-of-the-neuroligin-1-gene-by-clock-transcription-factors
#12
Lydia Hannou, Erika Bélanger-Nelson, Emma K O'Callaghan, Julien Dufort-Gervais, Maria Neus Ballester Roig, Pierre-Gabriel Roy, Jean-Martin Beaulieu, Nicolas Cermakian, Valérie Mongrain
NEUROLIGIN-1 (NLGN1) is a postsynaptic adhesion molecule involved in the regulation of glutamatergic transmission. It has been associated with several features of sleep and psychiatric disorders. Our previous work suggested that transcription of the Nlgn1 gene could be regulated by the transcription factors CLOCK and BMAL1 because they bind to the Nlgn1 gene promoter in vivo. However, whether CLOCK/BMAL1 can directly activate Nlgn1 transcription is not yet known. We thus aimed to verify whether CLOCK/BMAL1, as well as their homologs NPAS2 and BMAL2, can activate transcription via the Nlgn1 promoter by using luciferase assays in COS-7 cells...
April 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670342/assessment-of-anxiety-in-older-adults-a-review-of-self-report-measures
#13
REVIEW
Michela Balsamo, Fedele Cataldi, Leonardo Carlucci, Beth Fairfield
With increasing numbers of older adults in the general population, anxiety will become a widespread problem in late life and one of the major causes of health care access contributing to high societal and individual costs. Unfortunately, the detection of anxiety disorders in late life is complicated by a series of factors that make it different from assessment in younger cohorts, such as differential symptom presentation, high comorbidity with medical and mental disorders, the aging process, and newly emergent changes in life circumstances...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669708/evaluation-of-two-mobile-health-apps-in-the-context-of-smoking-cessation-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-versus-non-cbt-based-digital-solutions
#14
Carina Tudor-Sfetea, Riham Rabee, Muhammad Najim, Nima Amin, Mehak Chadha, Minal Jain, Kishan Karia, Varun Kothari, Tejus Patel, Melanie Suseeharan, Maroof Ahmed, Yusuf Sherwani, Sarim Siddiqui, Yuting Lin, Andreas B Eisingerich
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) apps can offer users numerous benefits, representing a feasible and acceptable means of administering health interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT is commonly used in the treatment of mental health conditions, where it has a strong evidence base, suggesting that it represents an effective method to elicit health behavior change. More importantly, CBT has proved to be effective in smoking cessation, in the context of smoking-related costs to the National Health Service (NHS) having been estimated to be as high as £2...
April 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669650/expressive-remix-therapy-using-digital-media-art-in-therapeutic-group-sessions-with-children-and-adolescents
#15
Jeffrey L Jamerson
Stories play a significant role in how we feel about and interact with the world. Narrative therapy and expressive arts therapy are major influences on the creation of expressive remix therapy, a new form of engagement with clients. This article is an exposition of this particular mental health modality. The use of digital media art in therapy in group settings will be discussed, and examples of how to use digital media art and technology in group therapy sessions are provided. The intention of this article is to promote a renewed appreciation for stories as the backdrop for all narrative work; it also seeks to inspire people to look at the practice of mental health differently, particularly the tools used to positively impact clients...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669441/intentional-music-use-to-reduce-psychological-distress-in-adolescents-accessing-primary-mental-health-care
#16
Katrina Skewes McFerran, Cherry Hense, Asami Koike, Debra Rickwood
RATIONALE: Many young people turn to music as a way of exploring and managing their moods and emotions. The literature is replete with studies that correlate music preferences and mental health, as well as a small but increasing interest in uses of music to promote well-being. Recent studies have shown that music use is often unconscious, thus difficult to influence without therapeutic conversations. No study has yet tested whether it is feasible to increase awareness of music use in young people who tend to ruminate with music, and test whether increased awareness can reduce distress...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669182/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-among-refugee-resettlement-workers-the-role-of-coping-and-emotional-intelligence
#17
Adeyinka M Akinsulure-Smith, Adriana Espinosa, Tracy Chu, Ryan Hallock
To promote a better understanding of the impact of refugee resettlement work on refugee resettlement workers, this study examined the prevalence rates of deleterious mental health and occupational outcomes, such as secondary traumatic stress and burnout, among a sample of 210 refugee resettlement workers at six refugee resettlement agencies in the United States. The study also explored coping mechanisms used by service providers to manage work-related stress and the influence of such strategies and emotional intelligence on secondary traumatic stress and burnout...
April 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668028/reallocating-time-between-sleep-sedentary-and-active-behaviours-associations-with-obesity-and-health-in-canadian-adults
#18
Rachel C Colley, Isabelle Michaud, Didier Garriguet
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep are positively associated with adults' health, while the association with sedentary behaviour (SED) is negative. Light-intensity physical activity (LPA) is emerging as an independent predictor of improved cardiovascular health. The health impacts of each of these factors have been examined in isolation, but interest has increased in associations between health and movement behaviours collectively. DATA AND METHODS: This analysis examines how reallocating time between movement behaviours is associated with obesity and with self-rated general and mental health...
April 18, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667698/chronic-stress-social-isolation-and-perceived-loneliness-in-dementia-caregivers
#19
Mariya Kovaleva, Sydney Spangler, Carolyn Clevenger, Kenneth Hepburn
Caregivers of individuals with dementia are at risk for chronic stress and social isolation. These exogenous factors may lead to perceived stress and perceived loneliness-psychosocial endogenous (subjective) elements of caregiving experience. Chronic stress and perceived loneliness may disrupt neuroendocrine and neuroimmunological regulation, creating low-grade systemic inflammation, promoting proinflammatory gene expression, and expediting cellular aging (endogenous physiological factors). These disturbances may enhance caregivers' risk for chronic conditions of inflammatory pathogenesis...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667086/contrast-enhancement-predicting-survival-in-integrated-molecular-subtypes-of-diffuse-glioma-an-observational-cohort-study
#20
Johann-Martin Hempel, Cornelia Brendle, Benjamin Bender, Georg Bier, Marco Skardelly, Irina Gepfner-Tuma, Franziska Eckert, Ulrike Ernemann, Jens Schittenhelm
INTRODUCTION: To assess the predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) gadolinium enhancement as a prognostic factor in the 2016 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System integrated glioma groups. METHODS: Four-hundred fifty patients with histopathologically confirmed glioma were retrospectively assessed between 07/1997 and 06/2014 using gadolinium enhancement, survival, and relevant prognostic molecular data [isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH); alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked (ATRX); chromosome 1p/19q loss of heterozygosity; and O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT)]...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
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