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Mental health promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108926/prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-dispositional-mindfulness-in-early-adolescence
#1
Nathaniel R Riggs, Samantha M Brown
Peer victimization is associated with several mental health and behavioral problems during childhood and adolescence. Identifying prospective associations between victimization and factors known to protect against these problems may ultimately contribute to more precise developmental models for victimization's role in behavioral and mental health. This study tested prospective associations between peer victimization and dispositional mindfulness, defined by non-judgmental and accepting awareness of the constant stream of lived experience, during early adolescence...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107251/internet-delivered-self-management-support-for-improving-coronary-heart-disease-and-self-management-related-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
Jorge Palacios, Geraldine A Lee, Maria Duaso, Abigail Clifton, Ian J Norman, Derek Richards, Elizabeth Alexandra Barley
INTRODUCTION: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, including mental health comorbidity, which is associated with poor outcomes. Self-management is key, but there is limited access to self-management support. Internet-delivered interventions may increase access. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review to (1) determine the effectiveness of Internet-delivered CHD self-management support for improving CHD, mood, and self-management related outcomes and (2) identify and describe essential components for effectiveness...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107161/art-therapy-exhibitions-exploitation-or-advocacy
#3
Terri Davis
Promoting awareness of human trafficking by sharing trauma survivors' art and summaries of their life stories suggests ethical complexities that have been typically neglected by bioethicists. Although these survivors voluntarily share the objects they created during art therapy sessions, they are still at risk of harm, including further exploitation, due to their vulnerability, high rates of victim sensitivity, and the mental health consequences of their traumatic experiences. While some argue that the benefits of sublimation and art therapy for human trafficking survivors make sharing their art worth the risk, anti-trafficking organizations and supporters of such art exhibitions have responsibilities to be trauma informed...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104058/intervening-early-with-family-members-during-first-episode-psychosis-an-evaluation-of-mental-health-nursing-psychoeducation-within-an-inpatient-unit
#4
Melissa Petrakis, Simon Laxton
Provision of psychoeducation to families of service users experiencing a first-episode psychosis has been found to assist with relapse prevention and promoting recovery for service users. Psychoeducation also assists families to reduce isolation and gain relevant information and support. This study aimed to clarify the role inpatient staff can best have with families, targeted to the acute phase and early stage of the illness. Family members were provided an inpatient carer psychoeducation meeting and recruited for a feedback interview 6 months later...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100506/twittering-on-about-mental-health-is-it-worth-the-effort
#5
Mahesh Jayaram, Lindsay Moran, Clive Adams
The medical community disseminates information increasingly using social media. Randomised controlled trials are being conducted in this area to evaluate effectiveness of social media with mixed results so far, but more trials are likely to be published in the coming years. One recent twitter randomised control trial using Cochrane Schizophrenia Group reviews suggests that tweets increase the hits to the target web page by about threefold and time spent on the web page is also increased threefold when referrals come in via twitter...
January 18, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100210/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-a-community-sample-in-western-kenya
#6
Edith Kwobah, Steve Epstein, Ann Mwangi, Debra Litzelman, Lukoye Atwoli
BACKGROUND: About 25% of the worldwide population suffers from mental, neurological and substance use disorders but unfortunately, up to 75% of affected persons do not have access to the treatment they need. Data on the magnitude of the mental health problem in Kenya is scarce. The objectives of this study were to establish the prevalence and the socio-demographic factors associated with mental and substance use disorders in Kosirai division, Nandi County, Western Kenya. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study in which participants were selected by simple random sampling...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098508/evaluation-of-a-social-norms-approach-to-a-suicide-prevention-campaign
#7
Kami J Silk, Evan K Perrault, Samantha A Nazione, Kristin Pace, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Suicide is a leading cause of death for college-aged youth, and university counseling centers (UCC) strive to educate students about mental health issues and available campus services. The current research evaluates a college campus social norms campaign that used both peer and celebrity sources to promote help seeking among college students as a suicide prevention strategy. Postcampaign surveys of this quasi-experiment (n = 391) revealed that compared to students in the control neighborhood condition, students exposed to the campaign messages in the experimental neighborhood conditions were more likely to perceive students would refer a friend to the UCC and more likely to visit the UCC for a mental health concern...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098398/depression-and-discrimination-in-the-lives-of-women-transgender-and-gender-liminal-people-in-ontario-canada
#8
Charmaine C Williams, Deone Curling, Leah S Steele, Margaret F Gibson, Andrea Daley, Datejie Cheko Green, Lori E Ross
This article uses an intersectionality lens to explore how experiences of race, gender, sexuality, class and their intersections are associated with depression and unmet need for mental healthcare in a population of 704 women and transgender/gender liminal people from Ontario, Canada. A survey collecting demographic information, information about mental health and use of mental healthcare services, and data for the Everyday Discrimination Scale and the PHQ-9 Questionnaire for Depression was completed by 704 people via Internet or pen-and-paper between June 2011 and June 2012...
January 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097493/service-users-perceptions-of-an-outreach-wellbeing-service-a-social-enterprise-for-promoting-mental-health
#9
Sandra Elaine Hartley
Inadequate provision and limited access to mental healthcare has been highlighted with the need to offer more contemporary ways to provide clinically effective interventions. This study aimed to present an insight into service users' perceptions of an outreach Wellbeing Service (WBS), providing psychological therapy in social settings. Descriptive and thematic analysis was undertaken of 50 returned surveys. Comparison of initial and final mental health measures demonstrated a significant improvement in all outcomes with 96% of participants reporting being helped by attending...
January 17, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097428/goal-formulation-and-tracking-in-child-mental-health-settings-when-is-it-more-likely-and-is-it-associated-with-satisfaction-with-care
#10
Jenna Jacob, Davide De Francesco, Jessica Deighton, Duncan Law, Miranda Wolpert, Julian Edbrooke-Childs
Goal formulation and tracking may support preference-based care. Little is known about the likelihood of goal formulation and tracking and associations with care satisfaction. Logistic and Poisson stepwise regressions were performed on clinical data for N = 3757 children from 32 services in the UK (M age = 11; SDage = 3.75; most common clinician-reported presenting problem was emotional problems = 55.6%). Regarding the likelihood of goal formulation, it was more likely for pre-schoolers, those with learning difficulties or those with both hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder...
January 18, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097181/social-well-being-and-related-factors-in-students-of-school-of-nursing-and-midwifery
#11
Alireza Salehi, Maryam Marzban, Maryam Sourosh, Farkhondeh Sharif, Mahmoud Nejabat, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization viewpoint, social well-being is an important dimension of health along with physical and mental aspects. Evaluation of social well-being is necessary in students, especially in medical sciences students due to future responsibility as health care professionals. The present study attempted to investigate the level of social well-being, five domains of it (like actualization, integration, contribution), and some related factors in the school of nursing and midwifery students...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096034/twelve-months-effect-of-self-referral-to-inpatient-treatment-on-patient-activation-recovery-symptoms-and-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
I E O Moljord, M L Lara-Cabrera, Ø Salvesen, M B Rise, D Bjørgen, D Ø Antonsen, T M Olsø, G H Evensen, C B Gudde, O M Linaker, A Steinsbekk, L Eriksen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of having a contract for self-referral to inpatient treatment (SRIT) in patients with severe mental disorders. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with 53 adult patients; 26 participants received a SRIT contract, which they could use to refer themselves into a Community Mental Health Centre up to five days for each referral without contacting a doctor in advance. Outcomes were assessed after 12 months with the self-report questionnaires Patient Activation Measure (PAM-13), Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS), and the Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale (BASIS-32) and analyzed using linear mixed and regression models...
January 11, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095887/association-between-midlife-health-behaviours-and-transitions-out-of-employment-from-midlife-to-early-old-age-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#13
Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Ewan Carr, Emily Murray, Stephen Stansfeld, Nicola Shelton, Mai Stafford, Jenny Head
BACKGROUND: It is important to determine whether unhealthy behaviours might influence transitions out of employment from midlife to old age, given the anticipated need for adults to work for longer. Our aim was to determine the association between repeated assessments of cigarette smoking, heavy/problem alcohol drinking, low physical activity and poor diet at midlife, in relation to work exit from midlife to old age. METHODS: Data from 7704 participants (5392 men) from the Whitehall II cohort study in employment at midlife were used to evaluate the association between unhealthy behaviours and a subsequent transition out of work during 22 years follow-up, using logistic regression models...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#14
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095811/an-integrated-recovery-oriented-model-irm-for-mental-health-services-evolution-and-challenges
#15
Barry G Frost, Srinivasan Tirupati, Suzanne Johnston, Megan Turrell, Terry J Lewin, Ketrina A Sly, Agatha M Conrad
BACKGROUND: Over past decades, improvements in longer-term clinical and personal outcomes for individuals experiencing serious mental illness (SMI) have been moderate, although recovery has clearly been shown to be possible. Recovery experiences are inherently personal, and recovery can be complex and non-linear; however, there are a broad range of potential recovery contexts and contributors, both non-professional and professional. Ongoing refinement of recovery-oriented models for mental health (MH) services needs to be fostered...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093448/eating-alone-yet-living-with-others-is-associated-with-mortality-in-older-men-the-jages-cohort-survey
#16
Yukako Tani, Naoki Kondo, Hisashi Noma, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Masashige Saito, Katsunori Kondo
OBJECTIVES: Eating by oneself may be a risk factor for poor nutritional and mental statuses among older adults. However, their longitudinal association with mortality in relation to coresidential status is unknown. METHOD: We conducted a 3-year follow-up of participants in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, a population-based cohort of 65 years or older Japanese adults. We analyzed mortality for 33,083 men and 38,698 women from 2010 to 2013 and used. Cox regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for mortality...
January 15, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093220/increased-oxytocin-levels-among-abstinent-heroin-addicts-association-with-aggressiveness-psychiatric-symptoms-and-perceived-childhood-neglect
#17
Lidia M Gerra, Gilberto Gerra, Laura Mercolini, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Chiara M Pieri, Maina Antonioni, Michele Protti, Paolo Ossola, Carlo Marchesi
A disruption of the oxytocin system seems to affect a variety of brain functions including emotions, mood and social behavior possibly underlying severe social deficits and susceptibility for substance use and mental health disorders. Early life adversity, such as insecure attachment in childhood, has been suggested to influence oxytocin tone contributing to a condition of neurobiological vulnerability. Aim of the present study was to investigate oxytocin serum levels in abstinent heroin addicted patients, in comparison with healthy controls, and the possible correlation with co-occurring psychiatric symptoms, aggressiveness and perception of parental neglect...
January 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093057/if-it-works-for-pills-can-it-work-for-skills-direct-to-consumer-social-marketing-of-evidence-based-psychological-treatments
#18
Robert D Friedberg, Hasan Bayar
The emergence of evidence-based psychological treatments (EVPTs) is a scientific success story, but unfortunately the application of these empirically supported procedures has been slow to gain ground in treatment-as-usual settings. This Open Forum commentary argues that direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing, which has worked well in communicating the advantages of various medicines, should perhaps be considered for use in social marketing of EVPTs. DTC marketing of pharmaceuticals is a long-standing advertising strategy in the United States...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091796/preferences-for-smoking-cessation-support-from-family-and-friends-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#19
Kelly A Aschbrenner, John A Naslund, Lydia Gill, Stephen J Bartels, A James O'Malley, Mary F Brunette
Engaging natural supports may be a promising strategy to promote the use of evidence-based smoking cessation treatment for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) who smoke. This qualitative study explored preferences for support for quitting from family and friends among individuals with SMI who participated in cessation treatment. Participants were 41 individuals with SMI enrolled in a Medicaid Demonstration Project of smoking cessation at community mental health centers. Open-ended questions asked during a social network interview explored participants' preferences for more support for quitting smoking from family and friends...
January 16, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091446/correlation-between-athlete-training-intensity-and-cardiac-performance
#20
T Xiao, Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: An effective analysis of correlation between training intensity of athletes and cardiac performance is done to develop scientific and reasonable exercise program and to promote health of athletes. METHODS: During December 2013-December 2015, 3600 students from different sports schools were selected for the test. All the athletes were randomly grouped, that is half-hour running group, one-hour running group and 90 -minute running group, which are named A, B, C groups respectively...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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