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Mental health promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227462/psychiatric-disorders-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-and-viremia-in-a-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-young-adults
#1
Amelia Bucek, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Stephanie Benson, Patricia Warne, Elaine J Abrams, Katherine S Elkington, Curtis Dolezal, Andrew Wiznia, Claude Ann Mellins
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) adolescents and young adults (AYA) are at risk for sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and mental health and substance use problems that, in HIV-infected adults, predict non-adherence. Studies on the relationship between psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUD) and adherence among PHIV+ AYA are limited, but may be important to informing evidence-based interventions to promote adherence. METHODS: Data were analyzed from three annual follow-up interviews (FU2-4, N=179) in a longitudinal study of PHIV+ AYA...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225388/latent-classes-of-older-foster-youth-prospective-associations-with-outcomes-and-exits-from-the-foster-care-system-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#2
Elizabeth A Miller, Katherine W Paschall, Sandra T Azar
Youth in the foster care system face considerable challenges during the transition to adulthood. However, there is significant variability within this population. This study uses person-oriented methods and a longitudinal dataset of youth aging out of foster care to examine differences in how subgroups of foster youth fare during the transition to adulthood. We identified four distinct latent classes, consistent with prior person-oriented studies of this population, and validated these classes by examining differences on additional relevant factors at age 17...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222077/can-facebook-reduce-perceived-anxiety-among-college-students-randomized-controlled-exercise-trial-using-the-transtheoretical-model-of-behavior-change
#3
Emily Frith, Paul Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest social media may be an attractive strategy to promote mental health and wellness. There remains a need to examine the utility for individually tailored wellness messages posted to social media sites such as Facebook to facilitate positive psychological outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to extend the growing body of evidence supporting the potential for social media to enhance mental health. We evaluated the influence of an 8-week social media intervention on anxiety in college students and examined the impact of dynamic (active) versus static (passive) Facebook content on physical activity behaviors...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221421/a-qualitative-study-of-latino-grandparents-involvement-in-and-support-for-grandchildren-s-leisure-time-physical-activity
#4
Hui Xie, Linda L Caldwell, Steven Loy, Mayra Robledo
BACKGROUND: Latino grandparents are often involved in rearing of grandchildren. However, their roles in promoting Latino children's leisure time physical activity (LTPA) have been largely overlooked by researchers. AIM: The purpose of this study is to examine Latino grandparents' involvement in and support for grandchildren's (age 2-12) LTPA as well as issues facing Latino grandparents. METHOD: Participants included 53 Latino grandparents who lived with/cared for or used to live with/care for grandchildren of 2 to 12 years old in three low-income areas of Los Angeles County...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219095/compliance-with-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-associations-with-weight-status
#5
Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, João R Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Dylan P Cliff, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: For effective public health and surveillance it is important to document the proportion of young children who meet the new Australian Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and how these associate with health outcomes. We aimed to (i) assess compliance with the new Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years in a sample of Australian toddlers; and (ii) ascertain whether compliance with the guidelines associates with weight status. METHODS: The sample comprised 202 toddlers (104 girls) aged 19...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219031/the-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-the-identification-and-ongoing-management-of-women-at-risk-for-perinatal-depression-a-qualitative-study
#6
Sabrine Elkhodr, Maya Saba, Claire O'Reilly, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: While pharmacists are among the most accessible primary health professionals within a mother's healthcare team to identify potential cases of perinatal depression (PND), very little in the literature suggests that this role has been explored. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore community pharmacists' perspectives on their potential roles in perinatal mental health promotion (recognition and health education) and the factors affecting these roles...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218963/mental-health-recovery-a-review-of-the-peer-reviewed-published-literature
#7
Sini Jacob, Ian Munro, Beverley Joan Taylor, Debra Griffiths
The concept of mental health recovery promotes collaborative partnership among consumers, carers and service providers. However views on mental health recovery are less explored among carers and service providers. The aim of this review was to analyse contemporary literature exploring views of mental health consumers, carers and service providers in relation to their understanding of the meaning of mental health recovery and factors influencing mental health recovery. The literature review questions were: How is mental health recovery and factors influencing mental health recovery viewed by consumers, carers and service providers? What are the differences and similarities in those perceptions? How can the outcomes and recommendations inform the Australian mental health practices? A review of the literature used selected electronic databases and specific search terms and supplemented with manual searching...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217389/competencies-for-engaging-high-needs-patients-in-primary-care
#8
Michael J Yedidia
BACKGROUND: Patients who heavily utilize hospitals and emergency departments frequently have complex needs requiring services spanning medical, behavioral, and social service sectors. This study identifies essential competencies for caring for high-needs patients and highlights their importance to primary care delivery. METHODS: Transcripts of in-depth interviews with 30 clinical and administrative staff at 23 complex care programs across the United States were analyzed using standard qualitative techniques...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215694/strategies-to-promote-walking-among-community-dwelling-individuals-with-major-mental-disorders
#9
Margaret Swarbrick, Patricia B Nemec, Crystal L Brandow, Amy Spagnolo
Individuals with major mental disorders could benefit from low cost, functional ways to support healthy lifestyles. Walking is a popular, preferred, accessible, and safe physical activity for many people. Walking is free, requiring no specialized equipment or membership fee, and is important to support engagement in other daily living activities. The current study explores the benefits of walking and strategies for promoting walking among community-dwelling individuals with major mental disorders. Key issues include strengthening engagement, tracking progress, and sustaining participation to achieve goals related to walking...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214628/an-evaluation-of-the-significance-of-individual-endogenous-risk-factors-and-medical-and-orthopaedic-conditions-on-physical-fitness-in-military-executives
#10
Christoph Schulze, Michael Becker, Suzanne Finze, Christoph Holtherm, Jens Hinder, Andreas Lison
As part of occupational health promotion in the Bundeswehr (military services of the Federal Republic of Germany), top-ranking executives were offered a medical examination and training program. The participants were subjected to retrospective evaluation. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent risk factors for the development of internal and orthopaedic conditions are present in military executives and how these factors affect physical fitness. To collect their medical history, a total of 122 male subjects answered a questionnaire aimed at evaluating private and occupational stress factors...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207962/a-partially-supervised-physical-activity-program-for-adult-and-adolescent-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-surfit-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nct02730767
#11
Corina S Rueegg, Susi Kriemler, Simeon J Zuercher, Christina Schindera, Andrea Renner, Helge Hebestreit, Christian Meier, Prisca Eser, Nicolas X von der Weid
BACKGROUND: Beyond survival of nowadays >80%, modern childhood cancer treatment strives to preserve long-term health and quality of life. However, the majority of today's survivors suffer from short- and long-term adverse effects such as cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, obesity, osteoporosis, fatigue, depression, and reduced physical fitness and quality of life. Regular exercise can play a major role to mitigate or prevent such late-effects. Despite this, there are no data on the effects of regular exercise in childhood cancer survivors from randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207287/nursing-students-experiences-with-refugees-with-mental-health-problems-in-jordan-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#12
Camilla Dotevall, Elin Winberg, Kristina Rosengren
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe Jordanian nursing students' experience of caring for refugees with mental health problems. BACKGROUND: According to refugees' experiences of crisis, a well-educated staff is needed to provide high quality of care due to mental health problems. Therefore, health professionals play an important role in creating an environment that promotes human rights regardless of ethnic origin. SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS, METHOD: The study comprised eight interviews and was analysed using content analysis, a qualitative method that involves an inductive approach, to increase our understanding of nursing students' perspective and thoughts regarding caring for refugees with mental health problems...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206265/students-perceptions-of-the-psychological-well-being-of-a-transgender-client-through-simulation
#13
Cherrill Stockmann, Desiree A Diaz
BACKGROUND: The need to address mental health concerns for transgender clients is imperative. Nursing curricula must prepare students to provide holistic care for individuals within this community. The purpose of this study was to explore undergraduate nursing students' experiences providing mental health care for a transgender client through simulation. METHOD: Focus group interviews were conducted with data analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: The three categories that emerged were limited experience addressing mental health needs, intervening with client anxiety with the subcategories of prioritizing care and collaboration, and therapeutic nurse-client relationship with the subcategory of therapeutic communication...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205084/relationship-between-cognitive-function-and-balance-in-a-community-dwelling-population-in-japan
#14
Shinichi Goto, Akira Sasaki, Ippei Takahashi, Yuri Mitsuhashi, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Atsushi Matsubara
BACKGROUND: There has been no treatment found yet that cure dementia. Hence it is important to establish the evaluation index of cognitive decline before becoming dementia. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the effective balance test indicating early cognitive decline by gender. METHODS: A total of 218 volunteers (60 years of age and above) who participated in the Iwaki promotion health project in 2015 were recruited. We performed three balance tests: one leg standing test, functional reach test and static posturography, and we used mini-mental state examination (MMSE) to investigate cognitive function...
December 5, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205021/health-mind-in-a-health-brain
#15
Jyrki Korkeila
The last few years have seen an increase in the research of psychic well-being and positive mental health. A positive point of view refers not only to pleasure but also to the ability to act in a constructive manner in challenging situations, and effectively regulate negative feelings and stress. Although a positive state of mind is often a passing experience, it can also be developed. Analogously, effective methods tested in a controlled manner have been established for the development of positive capabilities...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204014/mental-healthcare-delivery-in-rural-greece-a-10-year-account-of-a-mobile-mental-health-unit
#16
Vaios Peritogiannis, Thiresia Manthopoulou, Afroditi Gogou, Venetsanos Mavreas
Introduction: Patients living in rural and remote areas may have limited access to mental healthcare due to lack of facilities and socioeconomic reasons, and this is the case of rural areas in Eastern Europe countries. In Greece, community mental health service delivery in rural areas has been implemented through the development of the Mobile Mental Health Units (MMHUs). Methods: We present a 10-year account of the operation of the MMHU of the prefectures of Ioannina and Thesprotia (MMHU I-T) and report on the impact of the service on mental health delivery in the catchment area...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203849/an-integrated-brain-behavior-model-for-working-memory
#17
D A Moser, G E Doucet, A Ing, D Dima, G Schumann, R M Bilder, S Frangou
Working memory (WM) is a central construct in cognitive neuroscience because it comprises mechanisms of active information maintenance and cognitive control that underpin most complex cognitive behavior. Individual variation in WM has been associated with multiple behavioral and health features including demographic characteristics, cognitive and physical traits and lifestyle choices. In this context, we used sparse canonical correlation analyses (sCCAs) to determine the covariation between brain imaging metrics of WM-network activation and connectivity and nonimaging measures relating to sensorimotor processing, affective and nonaffective cognition, mental health and personality, physical health and lifestyle choices derived from 823 healthy participants derived from the Human Connectome Project...
December 5, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202662/addressing-mental-health-needs-of-refugees
#18
Cécile Rousseau
Throughout history, refugees have alternatively been seen as entitled victims of adversity or as threats or abusers of host countries scarce resources. Within the present globalized context, ambivalent public perceptions of refugees are shattering the protective nature of the post migratory environment in refugee receiving countries. This raises new challenges for refugees' mental health and calls for systemic responses to address both pre-migratory trauma and losses and post migratory adversities. Recent evidence on the effectiveness of mental health treatment for refugees confirms the utility of trauma-focused psychotherapy and the limits of psychopharmacology for stress related disorders in this group...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202599/bereaved-parents-health-status-during-the-first-6-months-after-their-child-s-death
#19
Nancy Dias, Debra Brandon, Joan E Haase, Paula Tanabe
PURPOSE: To examine bereaved parents' physical, mental, and social health during the first 6 months after their child's (<12 years) death from a life-threatening illness. BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE: Bereaved parents have higher mortality and morbidity rates when compared to nonbereaved parents. Acute illnesses, hospitalizations, and medication changes are highest in the first 6 months. An understanding of bereaved parents' health risk indicators can help inform development of health promotion and disease prevention measures...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200422/whole-system-approaches-to-improving-the-health-and-wellbeing-of-healthcare-workers-a-systematic-review
#20
Sarah L Brand, Jo Thompson Coon, Lora E Fleming, Lauren Carroll, Alison Bethel, Katrina Wyatt
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals throughout the developed world report higher levels of sickness absence, dissatisfaction, distress, and "burnout" at work than staff in other sectors. There is a growing call for the 'triple aim' of healthcare delivery (improving patient experience and outcomes and reducing costs; to include a fourth aim: improving healthcare staff experience of healthcare delivery. A systematic review commissioned by the United Kingdom's (UK) Department of Health reviewed a large number of international healthy workplace interventions and recommended five whole-system changes to improve healthcare staff health and wellbeing: identification and response to local need, engagement of staff at all levels, and the involvement, visible leadership from, and up-skilling of, management and board-level staff...
2017: PloS One
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