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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214234/reablement-reactivation-rehabilitation-and-restorative-interventions-with-older-adults-in-receipt-of-home-care-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Joanie Sims-Gould, Catherine E Tong, Lutetia Wallis-Mayer, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the impact of reablement, reactivation, rehabilitation, and restorative (4R) programs for older adults in receipt of home care services. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), SPORTDiscus and The Cochrane Library and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials that describe original data on the impact of home-based rehabilitative care and were written in English...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214074/subspecialty-training-and-certification-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-25-year-overview
#2
Dorthea Juul, Christopher C Colenda, Jeffrey M Lyness, Laura B Dunn, Rita Hargrave, Larry R Faulkner
: The Institute of Medicine estimated that by 2030, from 10.1 to 14.4 million Americans aged 65 years or older will have mental health or substance use disorders. This article reviews the history and current status of training, certification, and practice in geriatric psychiatry against the backdrop of this "silver tsunami." The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) administered the first subspecialty examination in geriatric psychiatry in 1991, and through 2015 3,329 certificates were awarded...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209604/birth-size-risk-factors-across-life-and-cognition-in-late-life-protocol-of-prospective-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-mynah-mysore-studies-of-natal-effects-on-ageing-and-health-cohort
#3
Murali Krishna, G Mohan Kumar, S R Veena, G V Krishnaveni, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Samuel Christaprasad Karat, Patsy Coakley, Clive Osmond, John R M Copeland, Giriraj Chandak, Dattatray Bhat, Mathew Varghese, Martin Prince, Caroline Fall
INTRODUCTION: For late-life neurocognitive disorders, as for other late-life chronic diseases, much recent interest has focused on the possible relevance of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Programming by undernutrition in utero, followed by overnutrition in adult life may lead to an increased risk, possibly mediated through cardiovascular and metabolic pathways. This study will specifically examine, if lower birth weight is associated with poorer cognitive functioning in late life in a south Indian population...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209318/an-evaluation-of-physical-activity-training-in-australian-medical-school-curricula
#4
Abigail Strong, Mark Stoutenberg, Anita Hobson-Powell, Mark Hargreaves, Halle Beeler, Emmanuel Stamatakis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current level of physical activity (PA) training provided to Australian medical students. DESIGN: Individual interviews were completed via phone interview or online survey from June-October 2015. METHODS: Program leaders from Australian medical schools, who were knowledgeable about their curriculum content, were invited to participate in the study. The number of programs, hours of PA training instruction, institutional attitude towards offering PA, barriers experienced, and content areas in which PA training was offered, were explored...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208890/operational-assessment-of-icds-scheme-at-grass-root-level-in-a-rural-area-of-eastern-india-time-to-introspect
#5
Jyotiranjan Sahoo, Preetam B Mahajan, Sourabh Paul, Vikas Bhatia, Abhinash K Patra, Dilip Kumar Hembram
INTRODUCTION: Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS), a flagship program of Government of India (GoI) for early childhood development hasn't delivered the desired results since its inception four decades ago. This could be due to infrastructural problems, lack of awareness and proper utilization by the local people, inadequate program monitoring and corruption in food supplies, etc. This study is an audit of 36 Anganwadi centres at Khordha district, Odisha, to evaluate the implementation of the ICDS...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207330/parent-centered-prevention-of-risky-behaviors-among-hispanic-youths-in-florida
#6
Yannine Estrada, Tae Kyoung Lee, Shi Huang, Maria I Tapia, Maria-Rosa Velázquez, Marcos J Martinez, Hilda Pantin, Manuel A Ocasio, Denise C Vidot, Lourdes Molleda, Juan Villamar, Bryan A Stepanenko, C Hendricks Brown, Guillermo Prado
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based, parent-centered intervention, Familias Unidas, delivered by nonresearch personnel, in preventing substance use (alcohol, illicit drugs) and sex without a condom among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (n = 746) evaluated the effectiveness of Familias Unidas among Hispanic eighth graders (age range = 12-16 years), relative to prevention as usual, within a public school system...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206847/vocation-belongingness-and-balance-a-qualitative-study-of-veterinary-student-well-being
#7
Jacqueline M Cardwell, Elisa G Lewis
An elevated risk for suicide among veterinarians has stimulated research into the mental health of the veterinary profession, and more recently attention has turned to the veterinary student population. This qualitative study sought to explore UK veterinary students' perceptions and experiences of university life, and to consider how these may affect well-being. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 students from a single UK school who were purposively selected to include perspectives from male, female, graduate-entry, standard-entry (straight from high school), and widening participation students across all 5 years of the program...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206841/stressors-and-protective-factors-among-veterinary-students-in-new-zealand
#8
Jenny F Weston, Dianne Gardner, Polly Yeung
A study was undertaken to investigate the stressors faced by veterinary students and the protective factors against those stressors. The study was conducted as a workshop during which students collaborated with their peers through an iterative process to identify personal and external factors that contributed to or protected against stress as a veterinary student, and then to suggest strategies that would protect their mental health and well-being. Workload and assessment were the most commonly reported stressors...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206838/the-art-of-staying-engaged-the-role-of-personal-resources-in-the-mental-well-being-of-young-veterinary-professionals
#9
Nicole J J M Mastenbroek
Health care professionals perceive transitions (e.g., from university to professional practice) to be challenging and stressful. The aim of the present research was to identify person-related characteristics that, in addition to work-related aspects, affect the mental well-being and performance of recently graduated veterinary professionals, and to reach a greater understanding of the role of personal resources in mental health and well-being. Based on the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, a questionnaire measuring work engagement as well as burnout and its potential predictors was developed and distributed to 1,760 veterinarians who graduated in the Netherlands between 1999 and 2009 (response rate 41%, of which 73% were females)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206804/student-service-members-veterans-on-campus-challenges-for-reintegration
#10
Brian Borsari, Ali Yurasek, Mary Beth Miller, James G Murphy, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, Matthew P Martens, Monica G Darcy, Kate B Carey
Many returning OIF/OEF/OND Veterans are seeking higher education in an effort to develop a meaningful career and financial stability. Evidence suggests that student service members/veterans (SSM/Vs) are experiencing less academic success than other students. The purpose of this review is to identify the unique challenges of SSM/Vs and evaluate current campus efforts to facilitate their retention and academic performance. With a focus on SSM/Vs attending colleges and universities, we obtained 57 peer-reviewed and 73 gray literature records published between 2001 and 2015...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203274/complementary-primary-mental-health-programs-for-young-people-in-australia-access-to-allied-psychological-services-ataps-and-headspace
#11
Bridget Bassilios, Nicolas Telford, Debra Rickwood, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: Access to Allied Psychological Services (ATAPS) was introduced in 2001 by the Australian Government to provide evidence-based psychological interventions for people with high prevalence disorders. headspace, Australia's National Youth Mental Health Foundation, was established in 2006 to promote and facilitate improvements in the mental health, social wellbeing and economic participation of young people aged 12-25 years. Both programs provided free or low cost psychological services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202303/association-between-substance-use-diagnoses-and-psychiatric-disorders-in%C3%A2-an-adolescent-and-young-adult-clinic-based-population
#12
Justine Wittenauer Welsh, John R Knight, Sherry Shu-Yeu Hou, Monica Malowney, Patricia Schram, Lon Sherritt, J Wesley Boyd
PURPOSE: Adolescents with substance use disorders are more likely to have a current psychiatric disorder. However, when compared with the adult literature, there is relatively limited information regarding the specific co-occurrence of certain mental health diagnoses and substance use disorders in adolescents. The objectives of this study were to build on the previous literature regarding mental health diagnoses and different types of substance use disorders in adolescents, as well as explore the differences, if any, between groupings of mental health diagnosis and type of substance used...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201932/turkish-adult-children-as-caregivers-of-parents-with-alzheimer-s-disease-perceptions-and-caregiving-experiences
#13
Yagmur Ar, A Nuray Karanci
There is substantial evidence suggesting that Western and non-Western caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease have different caregiving experiences depending on the cultural values they adopt. Although family-centered constructs such as familism and filial piety have taken some attention, there is still a paucity of research on how cultural values and norms shape caregiving appraisals, coping strategies, and formal service use specifically in Eastern-oriented contexts. The aim of this study was to investigate Turkish adult children caregivers' perceptions of Alzheimer's disease and caregiving experience...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199910/subthreshold-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-impact
#14
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence of subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (subthreshold-BDD) in a community sample of adolescents, and to compare disorder correlates in individuals with subthreshold-BDD to those with probable full-syndrome BDD (probable-BDD) and those without BDD (non-BDD). Self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-IV BDD criteria, past mental health service use, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders, were completed by 3149 Australian high school students (mean age =14...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195990/improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-cardio-metabolic-health-and-fitness-in-postmenopausal-women-after-a-supervised-multicomponent-adapted-exercise-program-in-a-suited-health-promotion-intervention-a-multigroup-study
#15
Débora Godoy-Izquierdo, Nicolás Mendoza Ladrón de Guevara, Mercedes Vélez Toral, Carlos de Teresa Galván, Alberto Salamanca Ballesteros, Juan F Godoy García
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the multidimensional outcomes that resulted from the adherence to regular exercise among previously sedentary postmenopausal women. The exercise was managed through a supervised, multicomponent, adapted approximately 20-week program in a suited health promotion intervention. METHODS: A multigroup, mixed-design study with between-group (intervention, sedentary, and active women) and within-subject measures (baseline, postintervention, and 3- and 12-month follow-ups) was conducted using intention-to-treat methodology...
February 13, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194194/effect-of-islam-based-religious-program-on-spiritual-wellbeing-in-elderly-with-hypertension
#16
Mahin Moeini, Somaye Sharifi, Mohamed Bagher Kajbaf
BACKGROUND: Lack of spiritual health in patients with hypertension leads to many mental, social, and physical effects, On the other hand, considering the prevalence of hypertension among the elderly, interventions to enhance their spiritual wellbeing is essential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of religious programs based on Islam on spiritual wellbeing in elderly patients with hypertension who referred to the health centers of Isfahan in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188745/pregnancy-context-and-women-s-health-related-quality-of-life
#17
Aileen Gariepy, Lisbet S Lundsberg, Nicole Vilardo, Nancy Stanwood, Kimberly Yonkers, Eleanor B Schwarz
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the association of pregnancy context and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). STUDY DESIGN: English- or Spanish-speaking women, aged 16-44, with pregnancies<24weeks gestation were enrolled in this cross-sectional study between June 2014 and June 2015. Participants completed self-assessments of pregnancy "context," including: timing, intention, wantedness, desirability, happiness, and planning (measured with the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy)...
February 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188045/treatment-issues-for-children-with-epilepsy-transitioning-to-adult-care
#18
REVIEW
Rima Nabbout, Carol S Camfield, Danielle M Andrade, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Catherine Chiron, Joyce A Cramer, Jacqueline A French, Eric Kossoff, Marco Mula, Peter R Camfield
This is the third of three papers that summarize the second symposium on Transition in Epilepsies held in Paris in June 2016. This paper focuses on treatment issues that arise during the course of childhood epilepsy and make the process of transition to adult care more complicated. Some AEDs used during childhood, such as stiripentol, vigabatrin, and cannabidiol, are unfamiliar to adult epilepsy specialists. In addition, new drugs are being developed for treatment of specific childhood onset epilepsy syndromes and have no indication yet for adults...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187728/community-health-service-center-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-prospective-study
#19
Lixuan Zhang, Li Zhang, Jing Wang, Fang Ding, Suhua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable efforts to encourage participation, even in some developed countries, proportion of patients participating in institution-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs remained sub-optimal. The present study was designed to investigate the acceptability of community health service center (CHSC)-based Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR), and examine its effectiveness in terms of changes in quality of life (QOL), psychological state and exercise capacity. METHODS: A consecutive series of eligible patients was recruited from the health registration system of two CHSCs in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China...
February 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186634/maintaining-mental-health-through-positive-writing-effects-of-a-resource-diary-on-depression-and-emotion-regulation
#20
M Suhr, A K Risch, G Wilz
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the beneficial effects of the resource-oriented positive writing intervention resource diary (RD) on mental health variables among patients recently discharged from psychiatric inpatient treatment. METHOD: Eighty-nine patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention group completing RD over the course of 4 weeks (n = 45) or a control group receiving no intervention (n = 44). To measure changes in mental health, patients filled out a number of self-report questionnaires on depression, emotion regulation, and resource activation before and after the intervention...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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