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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101905/mapping-the-road-from-childhood-adversity-to-personality-disorder-the-role-of-unresolved-states-of-mind
#1
Antonella Cirasola, Saul Hillman, Peter Fonagy, Marco Chiesa
Childhood adversity has been found to be an important aetiological factor in the development of personality disorder (PD) in several studies. However, the role of disorganized attachment with unresolved mental states for traumatic experiences requires further investigation. This study explores the relationship between childhood adversities, unresolved states of mind, PD diagnosis and psychiatric distress. Two hundred forty-five adult participants, 124 from a clinical PD group and 121 non-psychiatric controls were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Cassel Baseline Questionnaire, the Symptom Checklist-90-R and the Adult Attachment Interview, in order to ascertain presence of PD, childhood adversity, level of psychiatric distress and unresolved states of mind...
January 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072646/clozapine-treatment-of-olanzapine-induced-tardive-dyskinesia-a-case-report
#2
Dinesh Sangroula, Inderpreet Virk, Wali Mohammad, David A Kahn
Tardive dyskinesias (TD) are serious, often irreversible side effects of dopamine blocking agents, most commonly first-generation antipsychotics. No definitive treatment exists, with different interventions showing inconsistent results. We report a case of TD presenting after 12 years of olanzapine therapy in a 66-year-old Hispanic male with paranoid schizophrenia. The TD symptoms were successfully treated within a few weeks by switching to clozapine. Two cases of olanzapine-induced TD treated with clozapine have previously been reported, but in those cases, the symptom onset was quicker, ranging from a few months to a few years after initiation of olanzapine therapy, and the treatment response was relatively slower...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061463/prevalence-of-psychological-symptoms-among-ebola-survivors-and-healthcare-workers-during-the-2014-2015-ebola-outbreak-in-sierra-leone-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Dong Ji, Ying-Jie Ji, Xue-Zhang Duan, Wen-Gang Li, Zhi-Qiang Sun, Xue-Ai Song, Yu-Hua Meng, Hong-Mei Tang, Fang Chu, Xiao-Xia Niu, Guo-Feng Chen, Jin Li, Hui-Juan Duan
The 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic was considered to be the largest and most complex outbreak, which caused 11,310 reported deaths. The epidemic disease can cause a mental health crisis, however, there is only a small amount of scientific literature available related to this health issue so far. We evaluated the psychological symptoms of 161 participants including Ebola survivors and healthcare workers in Sierra Leone, analyzed the impact of job classification, education level on psychological status. We found that the order of total general severity index (GSI) scores from high to low was EVD survivors, SL medical staff, SL logistic staff, SL medical students, and Chinese medical staff...
January 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055088/myxedema-psychosis-in-a-patient-with-undiagnosed-hashimoto-thyroiditis
#4
Matthew M Mavroson, Nirav Patel, Eleonora Akker
Myxedema psychosis is uncommon in patients with primary hypothyroidism. Most often, this disease state can be found in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis or after total thyroidectomy. Chronic hypothyroidism can lead to an insidious onset of psychiatric symptoms in patients, such as dementia, delirium, psychosis, hallucinations, and coma. A 31-year-old man with an unremarkable medical history was brought to the psychiatric emergency department for new-onset aggression, paranoid behavior, and hallucinations for 4 days...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053281/recurrent-psychotic-episodes-with-a-near-monthly-cycle
#5
K I Che
A 12-year-old girl presented to the mental health service for an abrupt onset of mental changes characterised by hearing voices and being paranoid. She appeared preoccupied and her mood was labile. There was no family history of mental illness, and no organic causes were identified. These symptoms subsided spontaneously in a week. However, she experienced 3 other similar psychotic episodes afterwards which happened in a near-monthly cycle. Her level of functioning was normal between these episodes. Throughout the course of the illness, it was noted that these mental state changes might be related to the menstrual cycle...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049461/mental-distress-following-inpatient-substance-use-treatment-modified-by-substance-use-comparing-voluntary-and-compulsory-admissions
#6
Adrian R Pasareanu, John-Kåre Vederhus, Anne Opsal, Øistein Kristensen, Thomas Clausen
BACKGROUND: Treatment services to patients with substance use disorders (SUDs), including those mandated to treatment, needs to be evaluated and evidence based. The Norwegian Municipal Health Care Act (NMHCA) calls for compulsory treatment for persons with "severe and life-threatening substance use disorder" if these individuals are not otherwise willing to be voluntarily treated and consequently risk their lives over drug use. Mental distress is known to be high among SUD patients admitted to inpatient treatment...
January 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029348/ethnic-identity-and-paranoid-thinking-implicit-out-group-preference-and-language-dominance-predict-paranoia-in-emirati-women
#7
Justin Thomas, Richard P Bentall, Lowri Hadden, Lily O'Hara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychotic experiences including persecutory beliefs are elevated among immigrant and minority populations, especially when living in low ethnic density neighbourhoods (the ethnic density effect). Discrimination, victimization and experiencing a sense of 'not belonging' are hypothesized to play a role in this effect. Because a secure ethnic identity protects against poor self-esteem it may also protect against paranoia. This study explores the relationship between language proficiency (Arabic/English), in-group identity (implicit and explicit) and paranoia in female Emirati university students...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005458/discriminating-between-first-and-second-order-cognition-in-first-episode-paranoid-schizophrenia
#8
Vibeke Bliksted, Erla Samuelsen, Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby, Morten Storm Overgaard
INTRODUCTION: An impairment of visually perceiving backward masked stimuli is commonly observed in patients with schizophrenia, yet it is unclear whether this impairment is the result of a deficiency in first or higher order processing and for which subtypes of schizophrenia it is present. METHODS: Here, we compare identification (first order) and metacognitive (higher order) performance in a visual masking paradigm between a highly homogenous group of young first-episode patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia (N = 11) to that of carefully matched healthy controls (N = 13)...
December 22, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997328/pathological-jealousy-an-interactive-condition
#9
Mary V Seeman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to describe the psychopathology, antecedents, and current management of pathological jealousy from an interpersonal perspective. METHOD: The Google Scholar database was searched with the following terms: delusional jealousy; morbid jealousy; paranoid jealousy; pathological jealousy; Othello syndrome; delusional disorder-jealous type; conjugal paranoia. From a total of 600 articles, 40 were selected based on their currency and pertinence to the interpersonal aspects of jealousy...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990352/paranoid-individuals-with-schizophrenia-show-greater-social-cognitive-bias-and-worse-social-functioning-than-non-paranoid-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#10
Amy E Pinkham, Philip D Harvey, David L Penn
Paranoia is a common symptom of schizophrenia that may be related to how individuals process and respond to social stimuli. Previous investigations support a link between increased paranoia and greater social cognitive impairments, but these studies have been limited to single domains of social cognition, and no studies have examined how paranoia may influence functional outcome. Data from 147 individuals with schizophrenia were used to examine whether actively paranoid and non-paranoid individuals with schizophrenia differ in social cognition and functional outcomes...
March 2016: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987480/quantification-of-cell-free-dna-in-blood-plasma-and-dna-damage-degree-in-lymphocytes-to-evaluate-dysregulation-of-apoptosis-in-schizophrenia-patients
#11
E S Ershova, E M Jestkova, I V Chestkov, L N Porokhovnik, V L Izevskaya, S I Kutsev, N N Veiko, G Shmarina, O Dolgikh, S V Kostyuk
Oxidative DNA damage has been proposed as one of the causes of schizophrenia (SZ), and post mortem data indicate a dysregulation of apoptosis in SZ patients. To evaluate apoptosis in vivo we quantified the concentration of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA index, determined using fluorescence), the levels of 8-oxodG in cfDNA (immunoassay) and lymphocytes (FL1-8-oxodG index, flow cytometry) of male patients with acute psychotic disorders: paranoid SZ (total N = 58), schizophreniform (N = 11) and alcohol-induced (N = 14) psychotic disorder, and 30 healthy males...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979698/social-cognition-and-paranoia-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Helen Bratton, Suzanne O'Rourke, Louise Tansey, Paul Hutton
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with schizophrenia have difficulties in emotion recognition and theory of mind, and these may contribute to paranoia. The aim of this study was to determine whether this relationship is evident in patients residing in a secure forensic setting. METHOD: Twenty-seven male participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and a history of offending behaviour were assessed using The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT), The Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ) and The Green et al...
December 12, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939053/experimental-variation-of-social-stress-in-virtual-reality-feasibility-and-first-results-in-patients-with-psychotic-disorders
#13
Klaus Hesse, Philipp A Schroeder, Jonathan Scheeff, Stefan Klingberg, Christian Plewnia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social interaction might lead to increased stress levels in patients with psychotic disorders. Impaired social stress tolerance is critical for social functioning and closely linked with symptom relapse and hospitalization. We present an interactive office built-up in virtual reality (VR). METHODS: Patients with psychotic disorders (PP, N = 26 including N = 5 dropouts) and matched healthy controls (HC, N = 20) were examined with a VR simulating an open-plan office...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936880/-everyday-suspicion-our-life-is-delusional
#14
Zoltán Janka
Suspicious thinking in given situations can be useful and helps the adaptation as events occurring in the world also corroborate this. Factors participating in the development of paranoia can be listed as psychodynamic (projection), salience attributional, neurobiological (dopamine), impaired perceptual (hearing loss), sociocultural (minority, pseudocommunity), self-esteem (worrying, depression, mania), and cognitive (jump-to-conclusion) mechanisms. Along the spectrum of thinking, from the mild to the severe, enhanced worrying, salience attribution, overvalued concepts, suspicion/mistrust, paranoid ideations, and crystallized delusions may occur with different contents...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935733/correction-to-kane-et-al-2016
#15
Michael J Kane, Matt E Meier, Bridget A Smeekens, Georgina M Gross, Charlotte A Chun, Paul J Silvia, Thomas R Kwapil
Reports an error in "Individual differences in the executive control of attention, memory, and thought, and their associations with schizotypy" by Michael J. Kane, Matt E. Meier, Bridget A. Smeekens, Georgina M. Gross, Charlotte A. Chun, Paul J. Silvia and Thomas R. Kwapil (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2016[Aug], Vol 145[8], 1017-1048). There were errors in Table 3 and Table 7 (these transcription errors were limited to descriptive statistics in the Tables and did not affect any inferential statistics)...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931900/dimensions-of-schizophrenia-and-their-time-course-of-response-to-a-second-generation-antipsychotic-olanzapine-a-clinical-study
#16
Badari Birur, Jagadisha Thirthalli, N Janakiramaiah, Richard C Shelton, Bangalore N Gangadhar
BACKGROUND: The pattern of symptom response to second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) has not been studied extensively. Understanding the time course of symptom response would help to rationally monitor patient progress. OBJECTIVE: To determine the short-term differential time course of response of symptom dimensions of first episode schizophrenia viz., negative, positive symptoms and 5 factors of anergia, thought disturbance, activation, paranoid-belligerence and depression to treatment with SGA olanzapine...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922907/stability-and-change-in-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-1-year-follow-up-of-depressed-adolescent-outpatients
#17
Thea Strandholm, Olli Kiviruusu, Linnea Karlsson, Maiju Pankakoski, Mirjami Pelkonen, Mauri Marttunen
We investigated stability and change in personality disorder (PD) symptoms and whether depression severity, comorbid clinical psychiatric disorders, and social support predict changes in personality pathology among adolescent outpatients. The 1-year outcome of PD symptoms among consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients with depressive disorders (N = 189) was investigated with symptom count of depression, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and perceived social support as predictors. An overall decrease in PD symptoms in most PD categories was observed...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906412/multiple-cluster-axis-ii-comorbidity-and-functional-outcome-in-severe-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
Nerea Palomares, Antonia McMaster, Marina Díaz-Marsá, Irene de la Vega, Ana Montes, José Luis Carrasco
BACKGROUND: Current literature suggests that personality disorder comorbidity negatively contributes to both the severity and prognosis of other disorders; however, little literature has been devoted to its influence on borderline personality disorder (BPD). The objective of the present work is to study comorbidity with other personality disorders in a severe clinical sample of patients with BPD, and its relationship with global functionality. METHODS: A sample of 65 patients with severe borderline personality disorder was included in the study...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882189/successful-treatment-of-resistant-hypertension-by-means-of-chronic-renal-artery-occlusion-revascularization-in-a-fragile-patient
#19
Laura Spezia, Simone Perandini, Raffaele Augelli, Giovanni Puppini, Stefania Montemezzi
BACKGROUND: Renal artery stenosis is a common cause of secondary hypertension refractory to medical therapy. Percutaneous angioplasty along with metallic stent placement has been described as an effective treatment for revascularization of the renal artery. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old woman affected by paranoid schizophrenia with a history of hypertension and chronic renal failure due to renal artery occlusion was treated by endovascular recanalization and stent placement that resulted in improvement of renal function and control of hypertension...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882001/psychiatric-symptoms-and-pregnancy-distress-in-subsequent-pregnancy-after-spontaneous-abortion-history
#20
Elahe Haghparast, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Ramezan Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous abortion is one of the most important complications of pregnancy with short and long adverse psychological effects on women. This study assesses the implications of a spontaneous abortion history has on women's psychiatric symptoms and pregnancy distress in subsequent pregnancy less than one years after spontaneous abortion. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on pregnant women of Babol city from September 2014 to May 2015. In this study, 100 pregnant women with spontaneous abortion history during a year ago and 100 pregnant women without spontaneous abortion history were enrolled...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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