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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676495/insanity-defense-typology
#1
Kimberly P Brown
Much has been written about how to conduct insanity defense evaluations, as well as how to operationalize the legal definitions of insanity. However, the insanity defense has never been categorized by a typology. This article describes a typology of six subtypes of the insanity defense: paranoid self-defense, "but it's mine," erotomanic stalking, deific decree, disorganized, and false report. Knowledge of these subtypes, while not all inclusive, can inform insanity defense evaluations, guide training, and potentially increase the reliability of forensic evaluators' opinions...
April 20, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669410/relationship-between-delusion-of-theft-and-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Hae-Ran Na, Dong Woo Kang, Young-Sup Woo, Won-Myong Bahk, Chang-Uk Lee, Hyun Kook Lim
Although delusion of theft (DT) is the most frequent type of delusion in Alzheimer's disease (AD), its relationship to cognitive functions remains unclear. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between DT and cognitive functions in mild AD. Two hundred eighty-nine mild AD patients were enrolled in this study. These subjects were classified into three groups: patients with no delusions (ND, n=82), patients with paranoid delusions (PD, n=114) and patients with DT (n=93). Cognitive functions and their associations with the degree of delusion were compared among the three groups...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621675/the-problem-of-overcontrol-perfectionism-emotional-inhibition-and-personality-disorders
#3
Giancarlo Dimaggio, Angus MacBeth, Raffaele Popolo, Giampaolo Salvatore, Filippo Perrini, Aigli Raouna, Cemre Su Osam, Luisa Buonocore, Aldea Bandiera, Antonella Montano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some individuals with Personality Disorders (PD), particularly of a non-Borderline type, present with difficulties relating to over-control of cognitions, emotion and behavior, perfectionistic traits, and impaired social interactions. The current study sought to evaluate the strength of association, and interactions of both emotional inhibition and perfectionism in PD's, after controlling for symptoms and interpersonal problems. METHOD: We recruited a sample of 578 treatment seeking outpatients...
March 20, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581083/long-term-predictors-for-psychological-outcome-of-pre-symptomatic-testing-for-late-onset-neurological-diseases
#4
Susana Lêdo, Ana Ramires, Ângela Leite, Maria Alzira P Dinis, Jorge Sequeiros
This longitudinal study aimed at determining predicting variables for middle and long-term psychological disturbance due pre-symptomatic testing (PST) for two late-onset neurological diseases, Huntington disease (HD) and TTR (transthyretin protein) familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) Val30Met (now classified as Val50Met). 196 clinical records of persons who performed PST at least three years ago and answered to the two stages of evaluation (before PST and least 3 years after disclosure of results) were analysed...
March 23, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563893/delusional-jealousy-othello-syndrome-in-67-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#5
REVIEW
Hiroshi Kataoka, Kazuma Sugie
Othello syndrome (OS) is a type of paranoid delusional jealousy, characterized by the false absolute certainty of the infidelity of a partner. Because OS has infrequently occurred in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the characteristics of OS in PD remain unclear. We reviewed the clinical characteristics of this syndrome in PD. We reviewed 67 patients who had PD with OS. OS was more common in men (45 patients) than in women (22 patients), and it frequently occurred in middle-aged patients. Until the onset of OS, the duration of PD (range, 2-19...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560945/-microcirculation-in-patients-with-paranoid-schizophrenia
#6
A V Sakharov, A S Ozornin, S E Golygina, A O Vinogradova, M S Shvets
AIM: To study microcirculation in patients with paranoid schizophrenia by laser Doppler flowmetry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients at the age from 18 to 38 years with a diagnosis of 'paranoid schizophrenia' (F20.0) were examined in the acute psychotic state and after 3 weeks of therapy. The control group consisted of 20 healthy volunteers. To assess microcirculation, the noninvasive technique of laser Doppler flowmetry using a laser blood flow analyzer was used...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554985/interpersonal-processes-in-paranoia-a-systematic-review
#7
Susanne F Meisel, Philippa A Garety, Daniel Stahl, Lucia R Valmaggia
Paranoid ideation is a core feature of psychosis, and models of paranoia have long proposed that it arises in the context of disturbances in the perception of the self. However, to develop targeted interventions, there is a benefit in clarifying further, which aspects of self-perception are implicated. Interpersonal sensitivity is a personality trait which has been associated with the risk of paranoid thinking in the general population. However, not all studies have found this link. We aimed to review the empirical literature assessing the association between interpersonal sensitivity and paranoia in both general population and clinical samples; and to explore if associations found differed depending on whether state or trait paranoia was assessed...
March 20, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546821/-asperger-syndrome-and-or-clinical-high-risk-of-psychosis-a-differential-diagnostic-challenge
#8
Stefanie J Schmidt, Ayla Behar, Frauke Schultze-Lutter
Asperger Syndrome and/or Clinical High Risk of Psychosis? A Differential Diagnostic Challenge This case-study deals with the often difficult differential diagnosis of Asperger syndrome and a clinical high risk state of psychosis, in particular as indicated by attenuated psychotic symptoms, as well as with its therapeutic implications. The presented case is a 10-year old girl, who has not been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder before being referred to a specialized center for early detection of psychosis due to possible hallucinatory experiences and delusional ideas...
March 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526454/chronotropic-incompetence-of-the-heart-is-associated-with-exercise-intolerance-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Marco Herbsleb, Andy Schumann, Berend Malchow, Christian Puta, P Christian Schulze, Holger W Gabriel, Karl-Jürgen Bär
The elevated cardiovascular risk of patients with schizophrenia contributes to a reduced life expectancy of 15-20years. This study investigated whether cardiac autonomic dysfunction (CADF) in schizophrenia is related to chronotropic incompetence, an established cardiovascular risk marker. We investigated thirty-two patients suffering from paranoid schizophrenia and thirty-two control subjects matched for age, sex, body mass index and fat free mass. A cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) was performed to study heart rate responses to exercise as well as submaximal (ventilatory threshold 1, VT1 ) and maximal endurance capacities (peak oxygen consumption, VO2peak ; peak power output, Ppeak )...
March 8, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526172/investigating-ethnic-variations-in-reporting-of-psychotic-symptoms-a-multiple-group-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-psychosis-screening-questionnaire
#10
Hein Heuvelman, James Nazroo, Dheeraj Rai
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence suggests risk for psychosis varies with ethnicity in Western countries. However, there is little evidence to date on the cross-cultural validity of screening instruments used for such comparisons. METHODS: Combining two existing UK population-based cohorts, we examined risk for reporting psychotic symptoms across White British (n = 3467), White Irish (n = 851), Caribbean (n = 1899), Indian (n = 2590), Pakistani (n = 1956) and Bangladeshi groups (n = 1248)...
March 12, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525461/paranoid-beliefs-and-realistic-expectations-of-victimization-data-from-the-survey-of-police-public-encounters
#11
Hyun-Jin Jun, Boyoung Nam, Lisa Fedina, Melissa Edmondson Smith, Jason Schiffman, Bruce Link, Jordan E DeVylder
BACKGROUND: The anticipation of threat or victimization is a core feature of paranoia. Cognitive theories of paranoia suggest that paranoid thoughts may arise as a psychological response to trauma exposure, which likewise may lead to greater anticipation of subsequent victimization. Little is known, however, about the relation between paranoid beliefs and anticipated victimization when accounting for past victimization experience. The present study aimed to address whether the experiences of past victimization contribute to the link between paranoid beliefs and the anticipation of threat or victimization, with a particular focus on exposure to police violence...
March 7, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517363/psychological-assessment-among-immigrant-and-spanish-women-during-the-postpartum-period-in-spain
#12
Francisca Pérez-Ramírez, Inmaculada García-García, Rafael A Caparros-Gonzalez, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: to describe whether there were differences in sociodemographic, obstetric, perinatal and psychological variables between immigrant women and native-born women in Spain during the first 24 h after delivery. BACKGROUND: The immediate postpartum period is a critical time when physical and psychological disorders are likely to occur. Immigrant women have, in general, poor perinatal and psychological results during this time. METHODS: One hundred and three women at the Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital (Granada, Spain) were divided into two groups: 50 Spanish and 53 immigrants...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516555/methamphetamine-psychosis-insights-from-the-past
#13
Rebecca McKetin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To review early case reports and experimental inductions of amphetamine and methamphetamine psychosis, prior to the prohibition of these drugs, to gain a better understanding of the nature and aetiology of methamphetamine psychosis. METHODS: Papers considered were historical case reports and case series of psychosis relating to the use and misuse of prescription amphetamine, focusing upon papers by Young & Scoville (1938), Connell (1958), and three subsequent experimental studies published in the early 1970s (Griffith 1972, Angrist & Gershon 1970 and Bell 1973), where psychosis was induced in volunteers using high-dose amphetamine and methamphetamine...
March 8, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516050/multifocal-choroiditis-and-panuveitis-difficulties-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Neacșu Gheorghe Boricean, Oana Roxana Scripcă
We present the case of a 49-year-old patient who was treated with Aripriprazole in context of Paranoid Schizophrenia. The patient had a history of numerous Panuveitis recurrences for the left eye, which led to a marked decrease of the vision VA-NLP and was diagnosed with Multifocal Choroiditis and Panuveitis for the right eye. The examination revealed VA of 20/ 200 for right eye, keratic precipitates, and vitritis. Fundus aspect of the right eye showed multiple discrete, ovoid, yellowish-grey lesions at the posterior pole and periphery, optic disc oedema was present...
October 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514833/possible-anti-vgkc-autoimmune-limbic-encephalitis-associated-with-siadh
#15
Nicholas Black, Hazim Hamada
An 80-year-old woman presented with a 5-week history of increasing confusion. Examination was remarkable only for deficits in short-term memory and paranoid thoughts. Blood tests revealed hyponatraemia, and further biochemical testing was consistent with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). After an exhaustive diagnostic workup for causes of SIADH, the only abnormal finding was a mildly raised antivoltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) titre of 185 pmol/L (0-69) consistent with possible anti-VGKC autoimmune limbic encephalitis...
March 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511997/the-roles-of-socioeconomic-status-occupational-health-and-job-rank-on-the-epidemiology-of-different-psychiatric-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-uk-workers
#16
B Lopes, C Kamau, R Jaspal
There is a considerable gap in epidemiological literature about community mental health showing how psychiatric symptoms are associated with job rank, socioeconomic status, and occupational health. We examine data from 4596 employees collected in the United Kingdom's Psychiatric Morbidity among Adults Living in Private Households Survey. There were 939 workers in managerial jobs, 739 in supervisory jobs and 2918 employees in lower ranking jobs. Of the 4596 workers, 2463 had depressive symptoms and 2133 no depressive symptoms...
March 6, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510264/the-effect-of-arousal-and-eye-gaze-direction-on-trust-evaluations-of-stranger-s-faces-a-potential-pathway-to-paranoid-thinking
#17
Jennie Abbott, Megan Middlemiss, Vicki Bruce, David Smailes, Robert Dudley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: When asked to evaluate faces of strangers, people with paranoia show a tendency to rate others as less trustworthy. The present study investigated the impact of arousal on this interpersonal bias, and whether this bias was specific to evaluations of trust or additionally affected other trait judgements. The study also examined the impact of eye gaze direction, as direct eye gaze has been shown to heighten arousal. METHODS: In two experiments, non-clinical participants completed face rating tasks before and after either an arousal manipulation or control manipulation...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509221/matricide-in-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#18
Faten Ellouze, Rahma Damak, Imene Bouzuita, Mehdi Karoui, Rym Ridha, Mohamed Fadhel M'rad
INTRODUCTION: matricide is the murder of the mother. In this study, we report through a clinical case the circumstances of matricide and we underlined the predictive elements of the acting out. CLINICAL CASE: mister S, 31 years old had low socioeconomic conditions. He was a single man, unemployed and consumed alcohol. He was followed for a paranoid schizophrenia, but his therapeutic observance was bad, and he was aggressive with his mother. This aggressiveness was fostered by persecution and filiations' delusions...
May 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503671/childhood-bullying-paranoid-thinking-and-the-misappraisal-of-social-threat-trouble-at-school
#19
Alexander H Jack, Vincent Egan
Experiences of bullying predict the development of paranoia in school-age adolescents. While many instances of psychotic phenomena are transitory, maintained victimization can lead to increasingly distressing paranoid thinking. Furthermore, paranoid thinkers perceive threat in neutral social stimuli and are vigilant for environmental risk. The present paper investigated the association between different forms of bullying and paranoid thinking, and the extent to which school-age paranoid thinkers overestimate threat in interpersonal situations...
2018: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503232/potentially-fatal-outcomes-associated-with-clozapine
#20
Kevin J Li, Ronald J Gurrera, Lynn E Delisi
Clozapine has been shown to be the most efficacious therapy for treatment resistant schizophrenia, estimated at one third of all schizophrenia cases. There is significant morbidity and mortality associated with clozapine including risk of agranulocytosis, aspiration pneumonia, bowel ischemia, myocarditis, seizures, and weight gain. Here we present a case of a 62-year-old man with chronic paranoid schizophrenia refractory to numerous antipsychotics who was started on clozapine therapy during an acute inpatient psychiatric admission...
March 1, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
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