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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931900/dimensions-of-schizophrenia-and-their-time-course-of-response-to-a-second-generation-antipsychotic-olanzapine-a-clinical-study
#1
Badari Birur, Jagadisha Thirthalli, N Janakiramaiah, Richard C Shelton, Bangalore N Gangadhar
BACKGROUND: The pattern of symptom response to second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) has not been studied extensively. Understanding the time course of symptom response would help to rationally monitor patient progress. OBJECTIVE: To determine the short-term differential time course of response of symptom dimensions of first episode schizophrenia viz., negative, positive symptoms and 5 factors of anergia, thought disturbance, activation, paranoid-belligerence and depression to treatment with SGA olanzapine...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922907/stability-and-change-in-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-1-year-follow-up-of-depressed-adolescent-outpatients
#2
Thea Strandholm, Olli Kiviruusu, Linnea Karlsson, Maiju Pankakoski, Mirjami Pelkonen, Mauri Marttunen
We investigated stability and change in personality disorder (PD) symptoms and whether depression severity, comorbid clinical psychiatric disorders, and social support predict changes in personality pathology among adolescent outpatients. The 1-year outcome of PD symptoms among consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients with depressive disorders (N = 189) was investigated with symptom count of depression, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and perceived social support as predictors. An overall decrease in PD symptoms in most PD categories was observed...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906412/multiple-cluster-axis-ii-comorbidity-and-functional-outcome-in-severe-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
Nerea Palomares, Antonia McMaster, Marina Díaz-Marsá, Irene de la Vega, Ana Montes, José Luis Carrasco
BACKGROUND: Current literature suggests that personality disorder comorbidity negatively contributes to both the severity and prognosis of other disorders; however, little literature has been devoted to its influence on borderline personality disorder (BPD). The objective of the present work is to study comorbidity with other personality disorders in a severe clinical sample of patients with BPD, and its relationship with global functionality. METHODS: A sample of 65 patients with severe borderline personality disorder was included in the study...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882189/successful-treatment-of-resistant-hypertension-by-means-of-chronic-renal-artery-occlusion-revascularization-in-a-fragile-patient
#4
Laura Spezia, Simone Perandini, Raffaele Augelli, Giovanni Puppini, Stefania Montemezzi
BACKGROUND: Renal artery stenosis is a common cause of secondary hypertension refractory to medical therapy. Percutaneous angioplasty along with metallic stent placement has been described as an effective treatment for revascularization of the renal artery. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old woman affected by paranoid schizophrenia with a history of hypertension and chronic renal failure due to renal artery occlusion was treated by endovascular recanalization and stent placement that resulted in improvement of renal function and control of hypertension...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882001/psychiatric-symptoms-and-pregnancy-distress-in-subsequent-pregnancy-after-spontaneous-abortion-history
#5
Elahe Haghparast, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Ramezan Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous abortion is one of the most important complications of pregnancy with short and long adverse psychological effects on women. This study assesses the implications of a spontaneous abortion history has on women's psychiatric symptoms and pregnancy distress in subsequent pregnancy less than one years after spontaneous abortion. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on pregnant women of Babol city from September 2014 to May 2015. In this study, 100 pregnant women with spontaneous abortion history during a year ago and 100 pregnant women without spontaneous abortion history were enrolled...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855559/psychiatric-disorders-and-personality-styles-in-mothers-of-female-adolescent-patients-with-eating-disorders
#6
Silke Rost, Viola Kappel, Harriet Salbach, Nora Schneider, Ernst Pfeiffer, Ulrike Lehmkuhl, Sibylle Winter, Lea Sarrar
OBJECTIVE: To provide further insight into the presently poorly understood role of familial psychopathology in the development of eating disorders (ED). METHOD: The present study assesses psychiatric and personality disorders listed on Axis I and II of the DSM-IV in 27 mothers of adolescent patients with anorexia (AN mothers) and 14 bulimia nervosa (BN mothers) as well as 22 mentally healthy girls (CG mothers) on a categorical level. Furthermore, we conducted a dimensional diagnostic regarding personality styles and personality traits...
November 18, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853447/corrigendum-paranoia-as-an-antecedent-and-consequence-of-getting-ahead-in-organizations-time-lagged-effects-between-paranoid-cognitions-self-monitoring-and-changes-in-span-of-control
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848117/capgras-syndrome-in-parkinson-s-disease-two-new-cases-and-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Antonino Cannas, Mario Meloni, Marcello Mario Mascia, Paolo Solla, Luigi Cocco, Antonella Muroni, Gianluca Floris, Francesca Di Stefano, Francesco Marrosu
The Capgras syndrome (CS) is a rare psychiatric disorder. CS is classified as a delusional misidentification syndrome. Initially, CS was described in paranoid schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. CS has also been reported in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Lewy body dementia. To date, there are very few descriptions of the occurrence of CS in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), with or without dementia. Considering the recent observation of two new cases in PD patients, a systematic overview of the literature published between 1976 and 2016 reporting CS in PD was conducted...
November 15, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847925/hollow-mask-illusion-is-it-really-a-test-for-schizophrenia
#9
Hubert M Wichowicz, Sławomir Ciszewski, Krzysztof Żuk, Anna Rybak-Korneluk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was an assessment of the phenomenon of depth perception in schizophrenic patients compared to healthy subjects. METHODS: We conducted a comparison erroneous assessment of the concave side of the mask as convex, using the popular website presenting rotating Charlie Chaplin's mask. The study was performed in patients hospitalized at the Stanisław Kryzan Psychiatric Hospital in Starogard Gdanski diagnosed with paranoid and undifferentiated schizophrenia based on ICD-10 criteria and control group matched for age and education; each group included 58 subjects...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847924/the-sense-of-body-ownership-in-schizophrenia-research-in-the-rubber-hand-illusion-paradigm
#10
Beata Mirucka
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to explore the susceptibility to disturbances in one's sense of body ownership induced in patients with schizophrenia. The research questions were: 1) Is Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI) significantly more intense in a group of patients with schizophrenia than in a group of patients without a diagnosed mental illness? 2) Is there a correlation between disturbances in the sense of body ownership and the personality organization level, reflected in defense mechanisms? 3) Do the disturbances in the sense of body ownership correlate with the most common defense mechanisms? METHODS: 64 people took part in the study, including 31 patients with diagnosed schizophrenia, according to ICD-10 (93...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847489/how-do-maternal-subclinical-symptoms-influence-infant-motor-development-during-the-first-year-of-life
#11
Giulia Piallini, Stefania Brunoro, Chiara Fenocchio, Costanza Marini, Alessandra Simonelli, Marina Biancotto, Stefania Zoia
An unavoidable reciprocal influence characterizes the mother-child dyad. Within this relationship, the presence of depression, somatization, hostility, paranoid ideation, and interpersonal sensitivity symptoms at a subclinical level and their possible input on infant motor competences has not been yet considered. Bearing in mind that motor abilities represent not only an indicator of the infant's health-status, but also the principal field to infer his/her needs, feelings and intentions, in this study the quality of infants' movements were assessed and analyzed in relationship with the maternal attitudes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846651/-delusion-and-gender-in-paranoid-schizophrenia-results-of-a-clinical-study
#12
V Rössler, R Richter, M H Walter
Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether men and women differ in the frequency and phenomenology of delusions. Sample: Medical records of all patients who had been admitted to a psychiatric hospital in Germany between 2008 and 2011 for paranoid schizophrenia were analyzed. The sample consisted of 182 delusional inpatients (90 women, 92 men) with the diagnosis of a paranoid schizophrenia. Results: Men and women did not differ in the frequency of delusional themes. Analysis of delusional content, however, revealed considerable differences between them...
November 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845311/-the-structure-of-aggression-of-the-patients-with-paranoid-schizophrenia-and-compensatory-behavioral-trends
#13
I V Reverchuk, Yu Yu Khudyakova
AIM: To study the structure of aggression of the patients with paranoid schizophrenia depending on sex and illness duration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 102 patients with paranoid schizophrenia and 101 healthy people, aged from 18 to 64 years, were examined. Quantitative indicators of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral components of aggression were measured using the Buss-Perry questionnaire. The projective Hand-test was administered to assess aggressive behavioral tendencies and inclinations to aggressive behavior...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832817/prevalence-of-psychological-symptoms-among-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#14
Michael Tetteh Anim, Joseph Osafo, Felix Yirdong
BACKGROUND: Previous research revealed high prevalence of psychological symptoms among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in the West and Europe. In some Black SCD populations such as Nigeria and Jamaica, anxiety and depression had low prevalence rates compared to Europe. With difficulty locating research data on the prevalence of psychological symptoms in Ghana, this study aimed at exploring psychological symptoms among adults with SCD in a Teaching Hospital in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: Two hundred and one participants (males 102 and females 99) who were HbSS (n = 131) and HbSC (n = 70), aged 18 years and above were purposively recruited...
November 10, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829400/is-schizophrenia-disappearing-the-rise-and-fall-of-the-diagnosis-of-functional-psychoses-an-essay
#15
Per Bergsholm
BACKGROUND: The categories of functional psychoses build on views of influential professionals. There have long been four main categories - affective, schizophrenic, schizoaffective/cycloid/reactive/polymorphic, and delusional/paranoid psychoses. The last three are included in "psychotic disorders". However, this dichotomy and the distinctions between categories may have been over-estimated and contributed to lack of progress. TEN TOPICS RELEVANT FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF FUNCTIONAL PSYCHOSES: 1...
November 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826265/estimating-the-epidemiology-and-quantifying-the-damages-of-parental-separation-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Dolores Seijo, Francisca Fariña, Tania Corras, Mercedes Novo, Ramon Arce
Parental separation is linked to multiple negative outcomes for children in all spheres of life. A field study was designed to estimate the epidemiology and to quantify the outcomes on the wellbeing of children from separated parents. Thus, data on socio-economic status, psychological adjustment, behavioral disorders, social relations, self-concept, and academic achievement were gathered from 346 children and adolescents, 173 separated parents, and 173 parents from intact families in the paediatric catchment area of Galicia (Spain)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819519/association-of-the-ifn-%C3%AE-874a-t-genetic-polymorphism-with-paranoid-schizophrenia-in-tunisian-population
#17
Achraf Jemli, Awatef Eshili, Fatma Trifa, Anouar Mechri, Ferid Zaafrane, Lotfi Gaha, George Juckel, Besma Bel Hadj Jrad Tensaout
Since growing evidence suggests a significant role of chronic low-grade inflammation in the physiopathology of schizophrenia, we have hypothesized that functional genetic variant of the IFN gamma (IFN-γ; +874A/T; rs2430561) gene may be involved in the predisposition to schizophrenia. This research is based on a case-control study which aims to identify whether polymorphism of the IFN-γ gene is a risk factor for the development of schizophrenia. The RFLP-PCR genotyping of the IFN-γ gene was conducted on a Tunisian population composed of 218 patients and 162 controls...
November 7, 2016: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817827/do-depressive-symptoms-predict-paranoia-or-vice-versa
#18
Steffen Moritz, Anja S Göritz, Benjamin McLean, Stefan Westermann, Jeannette Brodbeck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Affective versus nonaffective psychoses are today no longer regarded as mutually exclusive disorders. Theorists have recently highlighted the role of affective symptoms in the formation of paranoid beliefs, particularly negative beliefs about the self, interpersonal sensitivity, sleep disturbances, and worrying, which exist along a continuum in the general population. For the present study, we tested the bidirectional causal relationships between paranoia and affect...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816847/gender-matters-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-results-from-a-healthcare-users-epidemiological-study-in-malaga-spain
#19
Eleni Petkari, Fermín Mayoral, Berta Moreno-Küstner
PURPOSE: Women suffering from schizophrenia-spectrum disorders may differ from men in clinical course and outcome. Still, those differences can only be portrayed accurately by means of studies that derive information from multiple sources. One such study was performed in a well-defined area supported by a Mental Health Clinical Management Unit in Malaga, Spain. METHODS: Data from 1640 patients (1048 men and 592 women) that were in contact with services during 2008 were examined for the purpose of the present analysis...
January 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797817/self-disembowelment-during-delirium-tremens-why-early-diagnosis-is-vital
#20
Rachel Thomasson, Vanessa Craig, Elspeth Guthrie
Delirium tremens is a serious yet treatable complication of alcohol withdrawal. Timely diagnosis is critical as there are well-established treatment regimens that provide symptomatic relief within hours to days. We report the case of a 34-year-old man with an undisclosed history of alcohol dependency. He presented with paranoid beliefs and was transferred to a psychiatric inpatient unit with suspected schizophrenia. Classic features of delirium tremens such as sympathetic overdrive and visual hallucinations were not salient features of his presentation...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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