keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paranoid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442218/revisiting-the-depleted-self
#1
Reggie Abraham
This article revisits Donald Capps's book The Depleted Self (The depleted self: sin in a narcissistic age. Fortress Press, Minneapolis, 1993), which grew out of his 1990 Schaff Lectures at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. In these lectures Capps proposed that the theology of guilt had dominated much of post-Reformation discourse. But with the growing prevalence of the narcissistic personality in the late twentieth century, the theology of guilt no longer adequately expressed humanity's sense of "wrongness" before God...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436320/long-term-outcomes-of-trauma-focused-treatment-in-psychosis
#2
David van den Berg, Paul A J M de Bont, Berber M van der Vleugel, Carlijn de Roos, Ad de Jongh, Agnes van Minnen, Mark van der Gaag
We present 12-month follow-up results for a randomised controlled trial of prolonged exposure and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy in 85 (78.8%) participants with psychotic disorder and comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Positive effects on clinician-rated PTSD, self-rated PTSD, depression, paranoid-referential thinking and remission from schizophrenia were maintained up to 12-month follow-up. Negative post-traumatic cognitions declined in prolonged exposure and were stable in EMDR...
February 7, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434535/altered-expression-profile-of-iglon-family-of-neural-cell-adhesion-molecules-in-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-of-schizophrenic-patients
#3
Karina Karis, Kattri-Liis Eskla, Maria Kaare, Karin Täht, Jana Tuusov, Tanel Visnapuu, Jürgen Innos, Mohan Jayaram, Tõnis Timmusk, Cynthia S Weickert, Marika Väli, Eero Vasar, Mari-Anne Philips
Neural adhesion proteins are crucial in the development and maintenance of functional neural connectivity. Growing evidence suggests that the IgLON family of neural adhesion molecules LSAMP, NTM, NEGR1, and OPCML are important candidates in forming the susceptibility to schizophrenia (SCZ). IgLON proteins have been shown to be involved in neurite outgrowth, synaptic plasticity and neuronal connectivity, all of which have been shown to be altered in the brains of patients with the diagnosis of schizophrenia...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429948/virtual-reality-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-versus-waiting-list-control-for-paranoid-ideation-and-social-avoidance-in-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-a-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Roos M C A Pot-Kolder, Chris N W Geraets, Wim Veling, Marije van Beilen, Anton B P Staring, Harm J Gijsman, Philippe A E G Delespaul, Mark van der Gaag
BACKGROUND: Many patients with psychotic disorders have persistent paranoid ideation and avoid social situations because of suspiciousness and anxiety. We investigated the effects of virtual-reality-based cognitive behavioural therapy (VR-CBT) on paranoid thoughts and social participation. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial at seven Dutch mental health centres, outpatients aged 18-65 years with a DSM-IV-diagnosed psychotic disorder and paranoid ideation in the past month were randomly assigned (1:1) via block randomisation to VR-CBT (in addition to treatment as usual) or the waiting list control group (treatment as usual)...
February 8, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409497/langerian-mindfulness-quality-of-life-and-psychological-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-italian-students
#5
Francesco Pagnini, Katherine E Bercovitz, Deborah Phillips
BACKGROUND: Noticing new things, accepting the continuously changing nature of circumstances, and flexibly shifting perspectives in concert with changing contexts constitute the essential features of Langerian mindfulness. This contrasts with a "mindless" approach in which one remains fixed in a singular mindset and is closed off to new possibilities. Despite potentially important clinical applications for this construct, few studies have explored them. The instrument developed to measure Langerian mindfulness is the Langer Mindfulness Scale (LMS), although this tool has been limited primarily to English-speaking populations...
February 6, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401155/combined-nmda-inhibitor-use-in-a-patient-with-multisubstance-induced-psychotic-disorder
#6
Matteo Caloro, Giuseppa Calabrò, Eleonora de Pisa, Enrico Rosini, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Davide Lonati, Carlo Alessandro Locatelli, Pietro Papa, Fabrizio Schifano, Paolo Girardi
: Novel psychoactive substance use is a major social concern. Their use may elicit or uncover unpredictably as yet undescribed clinical pictures. We aimed to illustrate a multisubstance use case indistinguishable from paranoid schizophrenia, so to alert clinicians on possibly misdiagnosing substance-induced psychotic disorders. CASE REPORT: We describe a case of a 32-year-old man who started at 18 years with cannabinoids and ketamine, and is currently using N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399432/mistrustful-and-misunderstood-a-review-of-paranoid-personality-disorder
#7
Royce Lee
Purpose of review: Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD) has historically been neglected by science out of proportion to its prevalence or its association with negative clinical outcomes. This review provides an update on what is known about PPD regarding its prevalence, demographics, comorbidity, biological mechanism, risk factors, and relationship to psychotic disorders. Recent Findings: PPD has long been the subject of a rich and prescient theoretical literature which has provided a surprisingly coherent account of the psychological mechanism of non-delusional paranoia...
June 2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395871/clinically-significant-personality-traits-in-individuals-at-high-risk-of-developing-psychosis
#8
Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Gustavo Camino, Debra A Russo, Michelle Painter, Angel L Montejo, Susana Ochoa, Peter B Jones, Jesus Perez
It is still unclear to what extent personality may influence the development of psychosis. We aimed to explore significant personality traits in individuals at high-risk (HR) for psychosis. Personalities of forty HR individuals and a matched sample of 40 healthy volunteers (HVs) were evaluated with the Millon Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III). They were also assessed with the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI-II and BAI), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 6...
January 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366847/emotion-regulation-as-a-moderator-of-the-interplay-between-self-reported-and-physiological-stress-and-paranoia
#9
Katarina Krkovic, Stephanie Krink, Tania M Lincoln
Experience sampling method (ESM) studies have found an association between daily stress and paranoid symptoms, but it is uncertain whether these findings generalize to physiological indicators of stress. Moreover, the temporality of the association and its moderating factors require further research. Here, we investigate whether physiological and self-rated daily stress predict subsequent paranoid symptoms and analyze the role of emotion regulation as a putative moderator. We applied ESM during 24 h to repeatedly assess heart rate, self-rated stress, and subclinical paranoia in a sample of 67 psychosis-prone individuals as measured with Community Assessment for Psychotic Experiences (CAPE)...
January 20, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352848/association-between-perceived-level-of-stress-clinical-characteristics-and-psychopathological-symptoms-in-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#10
María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez, José Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Margarita Castañeda-Cabestany, Ana María Santos-Ruiz, Eva Montero-López, José Luís Callejas-Rubio, Nuria Navarrete-Navarrete, José Carlos Fernández-Sánchez, Juan Francisco Jiménez-Alonso, Norberto Ortego-Centeno, José Mario Sabio, Marta García-Morales
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate psychopathological status and stress level from a sample with SLE; compare mental functioning and stress levels between women with SLE and healthy women; determine whether disease duration, disease activity, cumulative organ damage and stress have an influence on psychopathological symptoms in SLE patients; and evaluate whether perception of stress is related to SLE severity. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 425 participants; 202 women with SLE, with an average age (SD) of 36...
January 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351714/-prevalence-and-phenomenology-of-psychotic-like-symptoms-in-borderline-personality-disorders-associations-with-suicide-attempts-and-use-of-psychiatric-inpatient-treatment
#11
Katrin Schroeder, Anja Schätzle, Pauline Kowohl, Lisa Leske, Christian G Huber, Ingo Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like symptoms are found in a subgroup of borderline patients (BPD). Reported prevalence is heterogeneous (up to 50% affected). Investigations in Germany have not been conducted so far. Furthermore, the precise phenomenology of the psychotic symptoms and the effects on suicidal behavior and the use of inpatient psychiatric treatment are unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate prevalence rates and phenomenology of psychotic-like symptoms...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351402/poststroke-delusions-what-about-the-neuroanatomical-and-neurofunctional-basis
#12
Michele Torrisi, Rosaria De Luca, Patrizia Pollicino, Simona Leonardi, Silvia Marino, Giuseppa Maresca, Maria Grazia Maggio, Adriana Piccolo, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Delusion is a belief about yourself, people, or events that has no accordance with reality. Although it is known that stroke could cause various psychiatric and psychological effects, including depression, anxiety, and aggressiveness, psychotic symptoms, especially delusions, are rather uncommon. The most investigated poststroke delusions are paranoid type, nihilistic, and Fregoli syndrome. We will describe two patients showing delusion symptoms (Cotard-like and erotomanic ones) that occurred after a stroke involving the right temporal lobe, the basal ganglia and insular region, persisting for a long period after the stroke onset...
January 19, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345864/naltrexone-and-disulfiram-treatment-response-in-veterans-with-alcohol-dependence-and-co-occurring-problem-gambling-features
#13
Jon E Grant, Marc N Potenza, Shane W Kraus, Ismene L Petrakis
BACKGROUND: Disordered gambling behavior frequently co-occurs with alcohol dependence and other psychiatric conditions. Using data from a previously published trial, we conducted secondary analyses to examine the influence of problem-gambling features on treatment outcome for alcohol dependence or co-occurring psychopathology assessed via DSM-IV criteria. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-four patients with alcohol dependence and co-occurring psychiatric disorders were treated for 12 weeks in an outpatient medication study conducted at 3 Veterans Administration outpatient clinics from October 1998 to March 2002...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343559/a-genetic-locus-for-paranoia
#14
Bernard Crespi, Silven Read, Iiro Salminen, Peter Hurd
The psychological effects of brain-expressed imprinted genes in humans are virtually unknown. Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurogenetic condition mediated by genomic imprinting, which involves high rates of psychosis characterized by hallucinations and paranoia, as well as autism. Altered expression of two brain-expressed imprinted genes, MAGEL2 and NDN, mediates a suite of PWS-related phenotypes, including behaviour, in mice. We phenotyped a large population of typical individuals for schizophrenia-spectrum and autism-spectrum traits, and genotyped them for the single-nucleotide polymorphism rs850807, which is putatively functional and linked with MAGEL2 and NDN Genetic variation in rs850807 was strongly and exclusively associated with the ideas of reference subscale of the schizophrenia spectrum, which is best typified as paranoia...
January 2018: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327630/the-specter-of-the-primitive
#15
Gregory S Rizzolo
Traditional psychoanalytic theories of development hold that the adult neurotic can regress, or has already regressed, to the childhood arrests and/or fixations in which his pathology originated. More recent critiques have called this possibility into question. It is unlikely that anyone can roll back the additions and modifications of lifespan development in a full-fledged return to the needs, wishes, and anxieties of childhood. By regression, though, some analysts mean not a full-fledged return to an earlier developmental phase, but a non-phase-specific slip into primitive fantasies and defenses...
December 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306058/the-co-occurrence-between-depressive-symptoms-and-paranoid-ideation-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#16
Aino Saarinen, Mirka Hintsanen, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine longitudinally in the general population (a) whether depressive symptoms co-occur with paranoid ideation from late adolescence to middle age (b) whether depressive subsymptoms are differently linked with paranoid ideation (c) whether depressive symptoms are associated with state-level or trait-level paranoid ideation. METHODS: Altogether 2109 subjects of the Young Finns study completed the Paranoid Ideation Scale of the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised and a modified version of the Beck Depression Inventory in 1992, 1997, 2001, 2007, and 2012, and the Beck Depression Inventory-II in 2007, 2011, and 2012...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304427/longitudinal-associations-of-temperament-and-character-with-paranoid-ideation-a-population-based-study
#17
Aino Saarinen, Tom Rosenström, Mirka Hintsanen, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari, Claude Robert Cloninger, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
The aim of this study was to examine (a) the associations of temperament and character dimensions with paranoid ideation over a 15-year follow-up in the general population (b) the associations of explosive temperament and organized character profiles with paranoid ideation. 2137 subjects of the Young Finns Study completed the Temperament and Character Inventory and the Paranoid Ideation Scale of the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised in 1997, 2001, and 2012. Temperament dimensions of high novelty seeking, high harm avoidance, low reward dependence and explosive temperament profile were associated with the development of higher paranoid ideation...
December 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302292/dental-implants-placement-in-paranoid-squizofrenic-patient-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-case-report
#18
Lizett Castellanos-Cosano, José-Ramón Corcuera-Flores, María Mesa-Cabrera, José Cabrera-Domínguez, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Guillermo Machuca-Portillo
Background: Paranoid schizophrenia is a mental illness that involves no observable anatomical alteration. Main characteristic affects the personality of the individual, as well as areas of his own psychology. Case Report: A 33-year-old man with paranoid schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder in treatment with Haloperidol, Oxcarbazepine, Olanzapine and Seroquel is presented. Dental exploration showed widespread decay mostly cervical with numerous root fragments, agenesis of lateral incisors, impacted wisdom teeth, missing teeth and malocclusion...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284823/schizophrenia-with-comorbid-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease-a-difficult-clinical-management-scenario
#19
Sandeep Grover, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Manoj Kumar Goyal
Comorbidity of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) and schizophrenia is an uncommon and rare scenario, which often poses a difficult and challenging situation for management. Both the disorders have completely opposite pathophysiology and treatment of one disorder with available pharmacological agents can pose a threat to the other disorder. The situation becomes graver and risk of adverse side effects increases when an individual presents at a later age with both these disorders along with compromised physical and mental health...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284815/rehabilitation-in-schizophrenia-a-brain-behavior-and-psychosocial-perspective
#20
Jamuna Rajeswaran, Aarati Taksal, Sanjeev Jain
Cognitive deficits in patients with schizophrenia have been documented consistently. They are known to contribute to functional impairment in patients. Cognitive remediation has been found to be beneficial in symptoms reduction and functional recovery. CH was a 26/F, completed her graduation, currently pursuing a management course through correspondence, unmarried, currently living with her parents, from Bengaluru, right-handed, Middle socio economic status (MSES). A diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia was referred for cognitive assessment and rehabilitation...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
keyword
keyword
59070
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"