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Pediatric critical care update

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907271/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-management-and-treatment-in-the-dsm-5-era
#1
Joel L Young, David W Goodman
Objective: To increase awareness of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the primary care community and to provide guidance for the management of this condition. Despite its increasing prevalence, adult ADHD largely remains underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated in the United States. The publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has provided more clear diagnostic criteria for adult ADHD, but a solid framework supporting the transition of ADHD management from pediatric to adult primary care is lacking...
November 17, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749512/2016-update-for-the-rogers-textbook-of-pediatric-intensive-care-recognition-and-initial-management-of-shock
#2
Julie C Fitzgerald, Scott L Weiss, Niranjan Kissoon
OBJECTIVE: To review important articles in the field of pediatric shock and pediatric septic shock published subsequent to the Fifth Edition of the Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. DATA SOURCES: The U.S. National Library of Medicine PubMed (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed) was searched for combination of the term "pediatric" and the following terms: "sepsis, septic shock, shock, antibiotics, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and steroid." The abstract lists generated by these searches were screened for potential inclusion...
November 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583589/critical-care-for-dengue-in-adult-patients-an-overview-of-current-knowledge-and-future-challenges
#3
Junxiong Pang, Yee-Sin Leo, David C Lye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to update and summarize the current knowledge about clinical features, management, and risk factors of adult dengue patients requiring intensive care with consequently higher risk of mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: Increasingly, there are more adult dengue patients who require intensive care. This may be due to a shift in epidemiology of dengue infection from mainly a pediatric disease toward adult disease. In addition, multiorgan dysfunction was observed to be a key risk factor for ICU admission and mortality...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530089/attitudes-and-opinions-of-doctors-of-chiropractic-specializing-in-pediatric-care-toward-patient-safety-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Katherine A Pohlman, Linda Carroll, Lisa Hartling, Ross Tsuyuki, Sunita Vohra
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional survey was to evaluate attitudes and opinions of doctors of chiropractic (DCs) specializing in pediatric care toward patient safety. METHODS: The Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality was adapted for providers who use spinal manipulation therapy and sent out to 2 US chiropractic organizations' pediatric council members (n = 400) between February and April 2014...
September 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230550/nutritional-support-for-critically-ill-children
#5
REVIEW
Ari Joffe, Natalie Anton, Laurance Lequier, Ben Vandermeer, Lisa Tjosvold, Bodil Larsen, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Nutritional support in the critically ill child has not been well investigated and is a controversial topic within paediatric intensive care. There are no clear guidelines as to the best form or timing of nutrition in critically ill infants and children. This is an update of a review that was originally published in 2009. . OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the impact of enteral and parenteral nutrition given in the first week of illness on clinically important outcomes in critically ill children...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164340/the-obese-child-in-the-intensive-care-unit-update
#6
REVIEW
Alejandro Donoso Fuentes, Pablo Córdova L, Pilar Hevia J, Daniela Arriagada S
Given that childhood obesity is an epidemic, the frequency of critically-ill patients who are overweight or obese seen at intensive care units has increased rapidly. Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that secretes a number of protein hormones, including leptin, which stands out because it regulates adipose tissue mass. The presence of arterial hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, respiratory disease and chronic kidney disease may become apparent and complicate the course of obese pediatric patients in the Intensive Care Unit...
June 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122915/insight-into-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-associated-with-congenital-heart-disease-pah-chd-classification-and-pharmacological-management-from-a-pediatric-cardiological-point-of-view
#7
REVIEW
I-Chen Chen, Zen-Kong Dai
UNLABELLED: Compared with adult patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), pulmonary vascular disease is characterized by complex heterogeneity in pediatric patients. The Nice PH classification does not completely characterize or individualize any subgroup of pediatric PH. This is in contrast to the Panama classification, in which prenatal and fetal origins of many pulmonary vascular diseases in neonates and children, perinatal pulmonary vascular maladaptation, prenatal and postnatal pulmonary vascular mal-development, and pulmonary vascular hypoplasia are included...
November 2015: Acta Cardiol Sin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878813/acute-care-pediatric-nurse-practitioner-the-2014-practice-analysis
#8
Karin Reuter-Rice, Maureen A Madden, Sarah Gutknecht, Adele Foerster
INTRODUCTION: Practice research serves as the certification framework for validating advanced practice roles and updating national qualifying examinations. This national study describes the current practice of the acute care pediatric nurse practitioner (AC PNP) to inform an update of the Certified Pediatric Nurse Practitioner-Acute Care (CPNP-AC) examination content outline. METHOD: A descriptive analysis was performed of the responses of 319 pediatric nurse practitioners, practicing in an acute care role, who completed a practice survey in 2014...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26846739/family-relationships-with-pediatricians-the-maternal-views
#9
Simone de Carvalho, José Martins Filho
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the perception of pediatric guidelines by mothers at the time of consultation in private offices, in order to know how they assimilate, process and use the information received from the pediatricians. METHODS: Data collection was carried out by a questionnaire sent to participants by A total of 200 mothers from a virtual community in social networks participated in the research. The answers were transcribed using the Discourse of the Collective Subject method...
September 2016: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26492059/the-pediatric-risk-of-mortality-score-update-2015
#10
Murray M Pollack, Richard Holubkov, Tomohiko Funai, J Michael Dean, John T Berger, David L Wessel, Kathleen Meert, Robert A Berg, Christopher J L Newth, Rick E Harrison, Joseph Carcillo, Heidi Dalton, Thomas Shanley, Tammara L Jenkins, Robert Tamburro
OBJECTIVES: Severity of illness measures have long been used in pediatric critical care. The Pediatric Risk of Mortality is a physiologically based score used to quantify physiologic status, and when combined with other independent variables, it can compute expected mortality risk and expected morbidity risk. Although the physiologic ranges for the Pediatric Risk of Mortality variables have not changed, recent Pediatric Risk of Mortality data collection improvements have been made to adapt to new practice patterns, minimize bias, and reduce potential sources of error...
January 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26455754/effectiveness-of-nurse-led-preoperative-assessment-services-for-elective-surgery-a-systematic-review-update
#11
REVIEW
Sonia Hines, Judy Munday, Kate Kynoch
BACKGROUND: Nurse-led preadmission clinics or services have been implemented in many health services as a strategy to facilitate the admission and assessment of booked surgical cases. In order to provide the most recent available evidence, this systematic review is an update of our previous review published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to integrate recent research with a previously published systematic review on the effectiveness of nurse-led elective surgery preoperative assessment clinics or services on patient outcomes...
2015: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26409724/executive-summary-of-the-consensus-document-on-psychiatric-and-psychological-aspects-in-adults-and-children-with-hiv-infection
#12
(no author information available yet)
HIV Patient care should include psychological and psychiatric care, which is necessary for early detection thereof. Should suicidal ideation occur, refer the patient to a psychiatric unit. Pharmacological treatment is recommended when there is comorbidity with moderate or severe depression. You should look for the aetiology of neuropsychiatric disorder before using psychoactive drugs in HIV patients. The overall management of the health of HIV adolescents should include an assessment of mental health, environmental stressors and support systems...
January 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25772695/the-standardization-of-terminology-of-lower-urinary-tract-function-in-children-and-adolescents-update-report-from-the-standardization-committee-of-the-international-children-s-continence-society
#13
Paul F Austin, Stuart B Bauer, Wendy Bower, Janet Chase, Israel Franco, Piet Hoebeke, Søren Rittig, Johan Vande Walle, Alexander von Gontard, Anne Wright, Stephen S Yang, Tryggve Nevéus
AIM: The impact of the original International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) terminology document on lower urinary tract (LUT) function resulted in the global establishment of uniformity and clarity in the characterization of LUT function and dysfunction in children across multiple healthcare disciplines. The present document serves as a stand-alone terminology update reflecting refinement and current advancement of knowledge on pediatric LUT function. METHODS: A variety of worldwide experts from multiple disciplines within the ICCS leadership who care for children with LUT dysfunction were assembled as part of the standardization committee...
April 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25376067/a-compendium-of-strategies-to-prevent-healthcare-associated-infections-in-acute-care-hospitals-2014-updates
#14
Deborah S Yokoe, Deverick J Anderson, Sean M Berenholtz, David P Calfee, Erik R Dubberke, Katherine D Ellingson, Dale N Gerding, Janet P Haas, Keith S Kaye, Michael Klompas, Evelyn Lo, Jonas Marschall, Leonard A Mermel, Lindsay E Nicolle, Cassandra D Salgado, Kristina Bryant, David Classen, Katrina Crist, Valerie M Deloney, Neil O Fishman, Nancy Foster, Donald A Goldmann, Eve Humphreys, John A Jernigan, Jennifer Padberg, Trish M Perl, Kelly Podgorny, Edward J Septimus, Margaret VanAmringe, Tom Weaver, Robert A Weinstein, Robert Wise, Lisa L Maragakis
Since the publication of "A Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals" in 2008, prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) has become a national priority. Despite improvements, preventable HAIs continue to occur. The 2014 updates to the Compendium were created to provide acute care hospitals with up-to-date, practical, expert guidance to assist in prioritizing and implementing their HAI prevention efforts. They are the product of a highly collaborative effort led by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the American Hospital Association (AHA), the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), and The Joint Commission, with major contributions from representatives of a number of organizations and societies with content expertise, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS), the Society for Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), the Society for Hospital Medicine (SHM), and the Surgical Infection Society (SIS)...
September 2014: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25264563/introduction-to-a-compendium-of-strategies-to-prevent-healthcare-associated-infections-in-acute-care-hospitals-2014-updates
#15
Deborah S Yokoe, Deverick J Anderson, Sean M Berenholtz, David P Calfee, Erik R Dubberke, Katherine Ellingson, Dale N Gerding, Janet Haas, Keith S Kaye, Michael Klompas, Evelyn Lo, Jonas Marschall, Leonard A Mermel, Lindsay Nicolle, Cassandra Salgado, Kristina Bryant, David Classen, Katrina Crist, Nancy Foster, Eve Humphreys, Jennifer Padberg, Kelly Podgorny, Margaret VanAmringe, Tom Weaver, Robert Wise, Lisa L Maragakis
Since the publication of "A Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals" in 2008, prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) has become a national priority. Despite improvements, preventable HAIs continue to occur. The 2014 updates to the Compendium were created to provide acute care hospitals with up-to-date, practical, expert guidance to assist in prioritizing and implementing their HAI prevention efforts. It is the product of a highly collaborative effort led by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the American Hospital Association (AHA), the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), and The Joint Commission, with major contributions from representatives of a number of organizations and societies with content expertise, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS), the Society for Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), the Society for Hospital Medicine (SHM), and the Surgical Infection Society (SIS)...
September 2014: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25208120/implementing-accm-critical-care-guidelines-for-septic-shock-management-in-a-cuban-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#16
José M Cartaya, Luis E Rovira, Yamilet Segredo, Idalys Alvarez, Yoandra Acevedo, Ariel Moya
INTRODUCTION Sepsis is the most common direct cause of death worldwide and septic shock the syndrome's most serious complication. In 2002, the pediatric intensive care unit of the José Luis Miranda Pediatric University Hospital in Santa Clara (Villa Clara Province), Cuba, began implementing the recently published guidelines of the American College of Critical Care Medicine (ACCM) for management of pediatric and neonatal septic shock, observing a drop in case fatality from 34.6% to 19% between the years 2003 and 2007...
July 2014: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25087135/a-compendium-of-strategies-to-prevent-healthcare-associated-infections-in-acute-care-hospitals-2014-updates
#17
Deborah S Yokoe, Deverick J Anderson, Sean M Berenholtz, David P Calfee, Erik R Dubberke, Katherine D Ellingson, Dale N Gerding, Janet P Haas, Keith S Kaye, Michael Klompas, Evelyn Lo, Jonas Marschall, Leonard A Mermel, Lindsay E Nicolle, Cassandra D Salgado, Kristina Bryant, David Classen, Katrina Crist, Valerie M Deloney, Neil O Fishman, Nancy Foster, Donald A Goldmann, Eve Humphreys, John A Jernigan, Jennifer Padberg, Trish M Perl, Kelly Podgorny, Edward J Septimus, Margaret VanAmringe, Tom Weaver, Robert A Weinstein, Robert Wise, Lisa L Maragakis
Since the publication of "A Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals" in 2008, prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) has become a national priority. Despite improvements, preventable HAIs continue to occur. The 2014 updates to the Compendium were created to provide acute care hospitals with up-to-date, practical, expert guidance to assist in prioritizing and implementing their HAI prevention efforts. They are the product of a highly collaborative effort led by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the American Hospital Association (AHA), the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), and The Joint Commission, with major contributions from representatives of a number of organizations and societies with content expertise, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS), the Society for Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), the Society for Hospital Medicine (SHM), and the Surgical Infection Society (SIS)...
August 2014: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25026611/a-compendium-of-strategies-to-prevent-healthcare-associated-infections-in-acute-care-hospitals-2014-updates
#18
Deborah S Yokoe, Deverick J Anderson, Sean M Berenholtz, David P Calfee, Erik R Dubberke, Katherine D Ellingson, Dale N Gerding, Janet P Haas, Keith S Kaye, Michael Klompas, Evelyn Lo, Jonas Marschall, Leonard A Mermel, Lindsay E Nicolle, Cassandra D Salgado, Kristina Bryant, David Classen, Katrina Crist, Valerie M Deloney, Neil O Fishman, Nancy Foster, Donald A Goldmann, Eve Humphreys, John A Jernigan, Jennifer Padberg, Trish M Perl, Kelly Podgorny, Edward J Septimus, Margaret VanAmringe, Tom Weaver, Robert A Weinstein, Robert Wise, Lisa L Maragakis
Since the publication of "A Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals" in 2008, prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) has become a national priority. Despite improvements, preventable HAIs continue to occur. The 2014 updates to the Compendium were created to provide acute care hospitals with up-to-date, practical, expert guidance to assist in prioritizing and implementing their HAI prevention efforts. They are the product of a highly collaborative effort led by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the American Hospital Association (AHA), the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), and The Joint Commission, with major contributions from representatives of a number of organizations and societies with content expertise, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS), the Society for Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), the Society for Hospital Medicine (SHM), and the Surgical Infection Society (SIS)...
August 2014: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24762705/management-of-pediatric-delirium-in-critical-illness-a-practical-update
#19
S G Van Tuijl, Y J Van Cauteren, T Pikhard, M Engel, J N Schieveld
Pediatric delirium (PD) is an acute state of brain dysfunction and is often seen in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). There is a growing awareness of its clinical interdisciplinary importance. The aim of this article was to describe the three clinical presentations, to evaluate the differential diagnosis and to give a concise and practical update for the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of PD at the PICU, based on recent literature and expert opinions. We discuss an interdisciplinary flow chart which helps the reader dealing with the diagnosis and management of any acute emotional and or behavioral disturbance, of which PD is a special case...
March 2015: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24709713/introduction-to-a-compendium-of-strategies-to-prevent-healthcare-associated-infections-in-acute-care-hospitals-2014-updates
#20
Deborah S Yokoe, Deverick J Anderson, Sean M Berenholtz, David P Calfee, Erik R Dubberke, Katherine Ellingson, Dale N Gerding, Janet Haas, Keith S Kaye, Michael Klompas, Evelyn Lo, Jonas Marschall, Leonard A Mermel, Lindsay Nicolle, Cassandra Salgado, Kristina Bryant, David Classen, Katrina Crist, Nancy Foster, Eve Humphreys, Jennifer Padberg, Kelly Podgorny, Margaret Vanamringe, Tom Weaver, Robert Wise, Lisa L Maragakis
Since the publication of "A Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals" in 2008, prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) has become a national priority. Despite improvements, preventable HAIs continue to occur. The 2014 updates to the Compendium were created to provide acute care hospitals with up-to-date, practical, expert guidance to assist in prioritizing and implementing their HAI prevention efforts. It is the product of a highly collaborative effort led by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the American Hospital Association (AHA), the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), and The Joint Commission, with major contributions from representatives of a number of organizations and societies with content expertise, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS), the Society for Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), the Society for Hospital Medicine (SHM), and the Surgical Infection Society (SIS)...
May 2014: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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