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Total laryngectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152760/the-national-landscape-of-unplanned-30-day-readmissions-after-total-laryngectomy
#1
Rocco Ferrandino, Jonathan Garneau, Scott Roof, Caitlin Pacheco, Priti Poojary, Aparna Saha, Kinsuk Chauhan, Brett Miles
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Examine rates of readmission after total laryngectomy and determine primary etiologies, timing, and risk factors for unplanned readmission. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried for patients who underwent total laryngectomy between January 2013 and November 2013. Patient-, procedure-, admission-, and institution-level characteristics were compared for patients with and without unplanned 30-day readmission...
November 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135033/primary-and-salvage-laser-surgery-of-341-glottic-cancers-comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-between-university-head-neck-tertiary-referral-center-and-local-head-neck-department
#2
Piotr Winiarski, Artur Lewandowski, Grażyna Greczka, Jacek Banaszewski, Hanna Klimza, Małgorzata Wierzbicka
OBJECTIVE: The main goal was to compare the clinical data of patients with T1 and T2 glottic cancer treated with CO2 transoral laser microlaryngoscopy (TLM) in the Tertiary Referral University Department of Otolaryngology, Head Neck Surgery, Poznan and the local Department of Otolaryngology, Oncology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bydgoszcz. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Unified databases for the 7-year period January 2005-December 2011 were created to compare these two cohorts...
November 14, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119321/conservative-treatment-for-advanced-t3-t4-laryngeal-cancer-meta-analysis-of-key-oncological-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Giuditta Mannelli, Maria Silvia Lazio, Paolo Luparello, Oreste Gallo
GOAL: Controversies exist regarding the treatment of advanced laryngeal carcinomas. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the oncologic outcomes of both transoral laser and open partial laryngectomies for advanced (T3-T4) squamous cell laryngeal cancers management. INTRODUCTION: A systematic review of literature was led searching for articles mentioning the following terms: advanced (T3-T4) laryngeal cancer AND laser; AND open partial laryngectomy; AND transoral laser microsurgery; AND cordectomy; AND conservative surgery; AND tracheohyoidopexy or tracheohyoidoepiglottopexy; AND supratracheal partial laryngectomy; AND supracricoid partial laryngectomy; AND cricohyoidopexy or cricohyoidoepiglottopexy...
November 8, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102455/postsurgical-disfigurement-influences-disgust-recognition-a-case-control-study
#4
Quentin Lisan, Nathalie George, Stephane Hans, Ollivier Laccourreye, Cédric Lemogne
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how emotion recognition may be modified in individuals prone to elicit disgust. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if subjects with total laryngectomy would present a modified recognition of facial expressions of disgust. METHODS: A total of 29 patients presenting with a history of advanced-stage laryngeal cancer were recruited, 17 being surgically treated (total laryngectomy) and 12 treated with chemoradiation therapy only...
September 21, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098402/costs-from-a-healthcare-and-societal-perspective-among-cancer-patients-after-total-laryngectomy-are-they-related-to-patient-activation
#5
Femke Jansen, Veerle M H Coupé, Simone E J Eerenstein, C René Leemans, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the associations between patient activation and total costs in cancer patients treated with total laryngectomy (TL). METHODS: All members of the Dutch Patients' Association for Laryngectomees were asked to participate in this cross-sectional study. TL patients who wanted to participate were asked to complete a survey. Costs were measured using the medical consumption and productivity cost questionnaire and patient activation using the Patient Activation Measure (PAM)...
November 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080963/trends-in-treatment-incidence-and-survival-of-hypopharynx-cancer-a-20-year-population-based-study-in-the-netherlands
#6
Japke F Petersen, Adriana J Timmermans, Boukje A C van Dijk, Lucy I H Overbeek, Laura A Smit, Frans J M Hilgers, Martijn M Stuiver, Michiel W M van den Brekel
Hypopharynx cancer has the worst prognosis of all head and neck squamous cell cancers. Since the 1990s, a treatment shift has appeared from a total laryngectomy towards organ preservation therapies. Large randomized trials evaluating treatment strategies for hypopharynx cancer, however, remain scarce, and frequently this malignancy is evaluated together with larynx cancer. Therefore, our aim was to determine trends in incidence, treatment and survival of hypopharynx cancer. We performed a population-based cohort study including all patients diagnosed with T1-T4 hypopharynx cancer between 1991 and 2010 in the Netherlands...
October 28, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075632/open-maximal-mucosa-sparing-functional-total-laryngectomy
#7
Pavel Dulguerov, Naif H Alotaibi, Stephanie Lambert, Nicolas Dulguerov, Minerva Becker
BACKGROUND: Total laryngectomy after (chemo)radiotherapy is associated with a high incidence of fistula and therefore flaps are advocated. The description of a transoral robotic total laryngectomy prompted us to develop similar minimally invasive open approaches for functional total laryngectomy. METHODS: A retrospective study of consecutive unselected patients with a dysfunctional larynx after (chemo)radiation that underwent open maximal mucosal-sparing functional total laryngectomy (MMSTL) between 2014 and 2016 is presented...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054118/efficacy-of-laryngectomy-alone-for-treatment-of-locally-advanced-laryngeal-cancer-a-stage-and-subsite-specific-survival-analysis
#8
Brian P Cervenka, Shyam Rao, D Gregory Farwell, Arnaud F Bewley
OBJECTIVE: Total laryngectomy is a well-established treatment for locally advanced laryngeal cancer. Evidence for the benefit of post-operative radiotherapy after laryngectomy in patients with locally advanced primaries and N0 or N1 nodal disease is limited. This study aims to determine whether total laryngectomy alone is adequate therapy for certain patient subgroups with locally advanced laryngeal cancer. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective survival analysis of patients in the surveillance epidemiology and end results (SEER) database with locally advanced laryngeal cancer between 2004-2012...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049530/risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-among-otolaryngology-patients-vs-general-surgery-and-plastic-surgery-patients
#9
John D Cramer, Amanda E Dilger, Alex Schneider, Stephanie Shintani Smith, Sandeep Samant, Urjeet A Patel
Importance: Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, is the number 1 cause of preventable death in surgical patients. Current guidelines from the American College of Chest Physicians provide VTE prevention recommendations that are specific to individual surgical subspecialties; however, no guidelines exist for otolaryngology. Objective: To examine the rate of VTE for various otolaryngology procedures compared with an established average-risk field (general surgery) and low-risk field (plastic surgery)...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032129/linear-measurements-of-vocal-folds-and-laryngeal-dimensions-in-freshly-excised-human-larynges
#10
Mohamed K Mobashir, Abd El Raof S Mohamed, Amal S Quriba, Ahmad M Anany, Elham M Hassan
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the morphology of the larynx, one of the most complex organs of the human body, is an important step toward understanding the detailed laryngeal anatomy, and physiology. Different studies have described the linear measurements of the larynx in different measuring methods, but no studies have been structured to describe vocal fold length in freshly excised larynges. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe exact anatomical measurements of vocal folds and some laryngeal structures in freshly excised larynges, and to compare such measurements between males and females...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988438/long-term-results-of-amatsu-tracheoesophageal-shunt-follow-up-of-more-than-5-years
#11
Hidetoshi Matsui, Shigemichi Iwae, Yuji Hirayama, Koichiro Yonezawa, Jun Shigeji
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The Amatsu tracheoesophageal shunt (ATES) represents a nonprosthesis surgical option for voice restoration in laryngectomized patients. However, data regarding the long-term efficacy of ATES are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, single-institution study. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2010, 16 patients with laryngeal cancer underwent total laryngectomy with ATES at the Hyogo Cancer Center (Akashi, Hyogo, Japan). Of these, 11 achieved long-term tracheoesophageal speech that was maintained for a follow-up exceeding 5 years (range 75-161 months; median 95 months)...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988411/how-reliably-can-computed-tomography-predict-thyroid-invasion-prior-to-laryngectomy
#12
Andrew S Harris, Carl D Passant, Duncan R Ingrams
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There is little evidence to support the removal of thyroid tissue during total laryngectomy. Although oncological control of the tumor is the priority, thyroidectomy can lead to hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism. This study aimed to test the usefulness of preoperative computed tomography in predicting histological invasion of the thyroid. STUDY DESIGN: Ambispective cohort study. METHODS: All patients undergoing total laryngectomy for squamous cell carcinoma at one center from 2006 to 2016 were included...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978261/voice-and-swallowing-after-total-laryngectomy
#13
Beatriz Arenaz Búa, Hillevi Pendleton, Ulla Westin, Roland Rydell
BACKGROUND: Voice and swallowing problems are often seen in patients with advanced larynx cancer, after total laryngectomy (TL) and chemo/radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of voice and swallowing problems in patients who have been laryngectomised and investigate if these symptoms were related to age, time after TL, radiotherapy and TNM-classification. In addition, we studied how often the patients changed their voice prostheses and the need of therapeutic interventions after TL...
October 5, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964552/3d-printed-tracheoesophageal-puncture-and-prosthesis-placement-simulator
#14
Samuel R Barber, Elliott D Kozin, Matthew R Naunheim, Rosh Sethi, Aaron K Remenschneider, Daniel G Deschler
OBJECTIVES: A tracheoesophageal prosthesis (TEP) allows for speech after total laryngectomy. However, TEP placement is technically challenging, requiring a coordinated series of steps. Surgical simulators improve technical skills and reduce operative time. We hypothesize that a reusable 3-dimensional (3D)-printed TEP simulator will facilitate comprehension and rehearsal prior to actual procedures. METHODS: The simulator was designed using Fusion360 (Autodesk, San Rafael, CA)...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963806/predictors-of-survival-after-total-laryngectomy-for-recurrent-persistent-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Andrew C Birkeland, Lauren Beesley, Emily Bellile, Andrew J Rosko, Rebecca Hoesli, Steven B Chinn, Andrew G Shuman, Mark E Prince, Gregory T Wolf, Carol R Bradford, J Chad Brenner, Matthew E Spector
BACKGROUND: Total laryngectomy remains the treatment of choice for recurrent/persistent laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) after radiotherapy (RT) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT). However, despite attempts at aggressive surgical salvage, survival in this cohort remains suboptimal. METHODS: A prospectively maintained single-institution database was queried for patients undergoing total laryngectomy for recurrent/persistent laryngeal SCC after initial RT/CRT between 1998 and 2015(n = 244)...
December 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904716/-supracricoid-partial-laryngectomy-scpl-with-either-cricohyoidoepiglottopexy-chep-our-experience-with-16-cases
#16
Bouchaib Hemmaoui, Mohamed Sahli, Noureddine Errami, Ahmed Rouihi, Mohamed Habib Bahalou, Ilias Benchaifai, Amine Ennouali, Sara Britel, Ismail Nakkabi, Ali Jahidi, Mohamed Zalagh, Saloua Ouaraini, Fouad Benariba
Partial laryngectomy with either cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) are mainly used to treat glottic cancers becuse they ensure a satisfactory preservation of physiological functions and satisfactory local carcinologic control. Our study aimed to analyze the functional and carcinologic results of this surgical technique. We conducted a retrospective study of patients undergoing partial laryngectomy with either cricohyoidoepiglottopexy in our Hospital between 2011 and 2014. We analyzed the epidemiological data, the surgical peculiarities, the functional outcomes and the carcinologic control of the disease...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880984/association-of-a-perioperative-education-program-with-unplanned-readmission-following-total-laryngectomy
#17
Evan M Graboyes, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jan Zerega, Sara Kukuljan, Linda Neal, Kelsey M Rosenquist, Brian Nussenbaum
Importance: Patients undergoing total laryngectomy (TL) are at high risk for 30-day hospital readmission. Strategies to decrease the readmission rate remain unknown. Objectives: To assess the association of a comprehensive perioperative TL education program with unplanned readmissions; to determine the program's association with the rate of readmissions for stomal or tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) complications and patient and caregiver knowledge of and preparedness for TL...
September 7, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872157/laryngectomy-what-is-the-impact-of-the-type-of-surgery-on-life-quality-and-sexual-function
#18
F Akil, U Yollu, S F Toprak, M Ayral
The purpose of this study is to compare total and partial larygectomy on private life functions and sexuality in patients with laryngeal cancer. The study included 31 partial laryngectomy patients (Group 1) and 51 total laryngectomy patients (Group 2) who were operated for laryngeal cancer. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) head and neck cancer module (QLQ-H&N35) and Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX) forms were filled in by interviewing face to face with patients. HNSW (swallowing), HNSE (senses), HNSP (speech), HNSO (social eating), HNSX (sexuality), HNTE (problems with teeth), HNOM (problems with opening mouth) and HNCO (coughing) scores of EORTC QLQ-H&N35 were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1...
August 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870931/long-term-clinical-results-of-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-for-patients-with-cervical-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
Atsuhiro Kumabe, Sadatomo Zenda, Atsushi Motegi, Masakatsu Onozawa, Naoki Nakamura, Takashi Kojima, Hiroyuki Daiko, Naoyuki Shigematsu, Tetsuo Akimoto
BACKGROUND/AIM: We assessed the efficacy and toxicity of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervical esophagus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 37 patients treated with definitive CCRT. The patients received radiotherapy at a fraction dose of 2 Gy (total; 60 or 70 Gy) and concurrent chemotherapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy consisted of 1 to 2 cycles of 5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin or nedaplatin. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 119...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865969/-role-and-interest-of-induction-chemotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancers
#20
Y Pointreau, U Schick, F Huguet
Induction chemotherapy must be integrated in a global approach for locally advanced head and neck cancer. Its use has theoretical advantages but should not compromise locoregional radiotherapy. Induction chemotherapy is a standard for organ preservation with the use of the TPF scheme to avoid total laryngectomy without compromising survival data. It is more controversial in other locally advanced head and neck cancer because concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard of care. It may be an option for patients with significant lymph node invasion to reduce the occurrence of distant metastasis...
October 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
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