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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239835/income-inequality-and-mortality-owing-to-breast-cancer-evidence-from-brazil
#1
Francisco Winter Dos Santos Figueiredo, Fernando Adami
BACKGROUND: The relationship between breast cancer and inequality income is unclear. This study analyzed the correlation between income inequality and mortality standardized by age and proportional mortality owing to breast cancer among Brazilian women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an ecological study using data of the federative units and Federal District of Brazil in 2010. The age-standardized mortality owing to breast cancer was estimated using data from the Department of Informatics of Brazil's Unified Health System...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236913/impact-of-the-delay-to-start-treatment-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-treated-in-a-densely-populated-area-of-brazil
#2
Fernando Conrado Abrao, Igor Renato Louro Bruno de Abreu, Roberto Odebrecht Rocha, Felipe Dourado Munhoz, João Henrique Godoy Rodrigues, Riad Naim Younes
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the access of patients with lung cancer in a densely populated area of São Paulo to the Brazilian Public Health System, focusing on the time spent from symptom onset or initial diagnosis until the beginning of treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 509 patients with malignant lung neoplasms who were admitted to a single reference oncology center of the public health system between July 2008 and December 2014...
November 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235427/dengue-hospitalisations-in-brazil-annual-wave-from-west-to-east-and-recent-increase-among-children
#3
J Wunderlich, R Acuña-Soto, W J Alonso
The number of dengue epidemics in Brazil has increased dramatically in the last 15 years. In this study, we analysed the seasonal patterns in the incidence of hospitalisations due to dengue across the different states of Brazil and compared these with the corresponding climatic patterns. We discovered that the seasonality of dengue hospitalisations in Brazil has a clear zonal gradient, characterised by the progression of primary peaks from West to East during the first half of the year, which may be associated with the increased vapour pressure and rainfall during this period, leading to increased mosquito abundance and activity...
December 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228966/estimating-the-prevalence-of-infectious-diseases-from-under-reported-age-dependent-compulsorily-notification-databases
#4
Marcos Amaku, Marcelo Nascimento Burattini, Eleazar Chaib, Francisco Antonio Bezerra Coutinho, David Greenhalgh, Luis Fernandez Lopez, Eduardo Massad
BACKGROUND: National or local laws, norms or regulations (sometimes and in some countries) require medical providers to report notifiable diseases to public health authorities. Reporting, however, is almost always incomplete. This is due to a variety of reasons, ranging from not recognizing the diseased to failures in the technical or administrative steps leading to the final official register in the disease notification system. The reported fraction varies from 9 to 99% and is strongly associated with the disease being reported...
December 12, 2017: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223962/evaluation-of-seven-rapid-tests-for-syphilis-available-in-brazil-using-defibrinated-plasma-panels
#5
Maria Luiza Bazzo, Leonardo Rapone da Motta, Renata Cristina Messores Rudolf-Oliveira, Alisson Bigolin, Lisléia Golfetto, Fábio Mesquita, Adele Schwartz Benzaken, Pamela Cristina Gaspar, Ana Flavia Nacif P Coelho Pires, Orlando da Costa Ferreira Júnior, Miriam Franchini
OBJECTIVES: In 2012, the WHO estimated that 6 million new cases of syphilis per year would occur worldwide, including 937 000 in Brazil. Early diagnosis and treatment of syphilis are essential to reduce morbidity and prevent transmission. The availability of rapid tests (RTs) for this diagnosis means that testing can be performed more quickly, as a point-of-care test, even in non-laboratory environments and requires only simple technical training to antibodies detection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance and operational aspects of seven commercially available RTs for syphilis in Brazil...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211200/air-pollution-and-hospitalizations-in-the-largest-brazilian-metropolis
#6
Nelson Gouveia, Flavia Prado Corrallo, Antônio Carlos Ponce de Leon, Washington Junger, Clarice Umbelino de Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of air pollution on hospitalizations for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in the largest Brazilian metropolis. METHODS: This study was carried out at the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, Brazil. Environmental data were obtained from the network of monitoring stations of nine municipalities. Air pollution exposure was measured by daily means of PM10 (particles with a nominal mean aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm) per municipality, while daily counts of hospitalizations for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases within the Brazilian Unified Health System were the outcome...
December 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211176/the-relationship-of-climate-variables-in-the-prevalence-of-acute-respiratory-infection-in-children-under-two-years-old-in-rondon%C3%A3-polis-mt-brazil
#7
Débora Aparecida da Silva Santos, Pedro Vieira de Azevedo, Ricardo Alves de Olinda, Carlos Antonio Costa Dos Santos, Amaury de Souza, Denise Maria Sette, Patrício Marques de Souza
It is estimated that approximately 30% of childhood diseases can be attributed to environmental factors and 40% involve children under the age of five years old, representing about 10% of world population. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of climate variables in the prevalence of acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children under two years old, in Rondonopolis-MT, from 1999 to 2014. It was used a cross-sectional study with a quantitative and a descriptive approach with meteorological teaching and research data from the database from the health information system...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211167/-spatial-and-temporal-analysis-of-the-coverage-for-neonatal-hearing-screening-in-brazil-2008-2015
#8
Monique Ramos Paschoal, Hannalice Gottschalck Cavalcanti, Maria Ângela Fernandes Ferreira
This article seeks to establish the coverage of neonatal hearing screening in Brazil between January 2008 and June 2015. It is an ecological study that uses the country, through the Urban Articulation Regions, as a base. To calculate the screening coverage percentage, the Live Births Information System, the Outpatient Information System and the Beneficiaries of the National Supplementary Health Agency Information System were used. An exploratory analysis of maps and spatial statistical analysis was conducted using TerraView 4...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211161/profile-of-demand-and-continuous-cash-benefits-bcp-granted-to-children-diagnosed-with-microcephaly-in-brazil
#9
Éverton Luís Pereira, Josierton Cruz Bezerra, Jonas Lotufo Brant, Wildo Navegantes de Araújo, Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos
The Brazilian Federal Constitution of 1988 introduced the Continuous Cash Benefits (BCP), allowing the inclusion of people with disabilities. This is a descriptive study with aggregate municipal data about the time and geographic distribution of the incidence of microcephaly related to the Zika virus in Brazil and data of the BCP grants to children diagnosed with microcephaly. Data on the demand and BCP grants to children with microcephaly since 2009 are shown. Cases of microcephaly and/or central nervous system disorders were obtained from the Ministry of Health and totaled 2,366 confirmed cases from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2016...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211145/assessment-of-the-implementation-of-the-leprosy-control-program-in-camaragibe-pernambuco-state-brazil
#10
Monique Feitosa de Souza, Lygia Carmen de Moraes Vanderlei, Paulo Germano de Frias
OBJECTIVE: to assess the implementation of the actions of the Leprosy Control Program in Camaragibe, Pernambuco State, Brazil. METHODS: evaluative research with 'implementation analysis', based on criteria, indicators and parameters guided from the construction of the Logic Model; four components were assessed - management, health care, epidemiological surveillance, health education and communication -; direct observation/questionnaire was used, as well as data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211143/hospitalizations-due-to-diseases-associated-with-poor-sanitation-in-the-public-health-care-network-of-the-metropolitan-region-of-porto-alegre-rio-grande-do-sul-state-brazil-2010-2014
#11
Mariana Santiago Siqueira, Roger Dos Santos Rosa, Ronaldo Bordin, Rita de Cássia Nugem
OBJECTIVE: to describe the occurrence, characteristics and expenditures of hospitalizations due to diseases associated with poor sanitation funded by the Brazilian National Health System (SUS) among residents of the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre-RS, Brazil, from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: descriptive study with data from SUS Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS). RESULTS: out of 13,929 hospitalizations for diseases associated with poor sanitation, 93...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211137/breast-cancer-screening-in-brazil-an-assessment-of-supply-and-use-of-brazilian-national-health-system-health-care-network-for-the-period-2010-2012
#12
Jeane Glaucia Tomazelli, Gulnar Azevedo E Silva
OBJECTIVE: to assess the supply and use of procedures for early detection, diagnosis and surgeries of breast cancer in the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). METHODS: descriptive study using data from SUS Ambulatory Care and Hospital Information Systems, and from the National Register of Health Care Facilities; the indicators of supply and use of these services in Brazil and its macroregions for 2010-2012 were calculated. RESULTS: the ratio mammography equipment and female population/100 thousand remained stable (1...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208614/association-between-hospitalisation-for-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-and-primary-health-care-physician-specialisation-a-cross-sectional-ecological-study-in-curitiba-brazil
#13
Marcelo P D Afonso, Helena E Shimizu, Edgar Merchan-Hamann, Walter M Ramalho, Tarcisio Afonso
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalisation for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (HACSCs) is frequently used as an indicator of the quality and effectiveness of primary healthcare (PHC) services around the world. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the PHC model (family health strategy (FHS) x conventional) and the availability of specialised PHC physicians is associated or not with total hospitalisation or HACSCs in the National Health System (SUS) of the municipality of Curitiba, Paraná state (PR), Brazil...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202757/spatially-balanced-provision-of-health-equipment-a-cross-sectional-study-oriented-to-the-identification-of-challenges-to-access-promotion
#14
Pedro Vasconcelos Amaral, Thiago Augusto Hernandes Rocha, Allan Claudius Queiroz Barbosa, Adriana Lein, João Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci
BACKGROUND: Access to health services is in part defined by the spatial distribution of healthcare equipment. To ensure equity in the provision of health services, it is important to examine availability across different health care providers taking into account population demand. Given the importance of the equitable provision of health equipment, we evaluate its spatial distribution in Brazil. METHODS: This study is classified as cross-sectional with an ecological design...
December 4, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198917/early-impact-of-universal-varicella-vaccination-on-childhood-varicella-and-herpes-zoster-hospitalizations-in-brazil
#15
Marcelo Comerlato Scotta, Rolando Paternina-de la Ossa, Magali Santos Lumertz, Marcus Herbert Jones, Rita Mattiello, Leonardo Araújo Pinto
INTRODUCTION: The Brazilian childhood National Immunization Program (NIP) introduced live and attenuated varicella vaccination in a single dose, combined as tetraviral vaccine, at 15 months of age in the whole country, during September to December of 2013. The aim of this study was to report trends in incidence of childhood hospital admissions related to varicella and zoster in Brazil from 2003 to 2016, including the first three years after vaccine introduction. METHODS: The number and incidence of hospital admission in patients aged less than 20 years in Brazilian public health system with an admission diagnosis of varicella and zoster from 2003 to 2016 were analyzed and pre (2003-2013) and post-vaccination periods (2014-2016) were compared...
November 29, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197385/qualitative-evaluation-of-trauma-delays-in-road-traffic-injury-patients-in-maring%C3%A3-brazil
#16
Anjni Patel, João Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Michael Hocker, Enio Molina, Nelly Moraes Gil, Catherine Staton
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the eighth leading cause of death worldwide, with an estimated 90% of RTIs occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) like Brazil. There has been minimal research in evaluation of delays in transport of RTI patients to trauma centers in LMICs. The objective of this study is to determine specific causes of delays in prehospital transport of road traffic injury patients to designated trauma centers in Maringá, Brazil. METHODS: A qualitative method was used based on the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) approach...
December 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197326/potentially-inappropriate-prescriptions-for-elderly-people-taking-antidepressant-comparative-tools
#17
Izabela Fulone, Luciane Cruz Lopes
BACKGROUND: The use of psychotropic drugs by elderly people is widely spread around the world, given that prevalence of inappropriate medication is frequent. Strictly speaking, in Brazil, the vulnerable population of elderly people is more likely to use Potentially Inappropriate Psychotropic (PIP) due to the impact of social-economic characteristics, to the Brazilian Public Health System, and to the lack of patient monitoring. However, neither the use pattern nor the prevalence rate of PIP have been studied in Brazil so far...
December 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196278/discrepancies-between-classic-and-digital-epidemiology-in-searching-for-the-mayaro-virus-preliminary-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-google-trends
#18
Mohammad Adawi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Kassem Sharif, Howard Amital, Naim Mahroum
BACKGROUND: Mayaro virus (MAYV), first discovered in Trinidad in 1954, is spread by the Haemagogus mosquito. Small outbreaks have been described in the past in the Amazon jungles of Brazil and other parts of South America. Recently, a case was reported in rural Haiti. OBJECTIVE: Given the emerging importance of MAYV, we aimed to explore the feasibility of exploiting a Web-based tool for monitoring and tracking MAYV cases. METHODS: Google Trends is an online tracking system...
December 1, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195731/a-review-of-reviews-and-pharmaceutical-interventions-in-mental-health-to-inform-evidence-based-health-policy
#19
REVIEW
Sarah Nascimento Silva, Marina Guimarães Lima, Cristina Mariano Ruas
BACKGROUND: Pharmaceutical interventions may have an impact on different treatment aspects, such as therapy adherence, reducing the number of different medications in use and lowering treatment costs. OBJECTIVE: Identify pharmaceutical interventions in the mental health field and their possible application in Brazilian public mental health services, considering the evidence-based model to establish implementation options. METHODS: A structured search of the literature was performed in the Pubmed (Medline), Cochrane, PsycINFO and Lilacs databases to identify the main pharmaceutical intervention studies conducted in the mental health area...
November 26, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194346/dental-procedures-in-primary-health-care-of-the-brazilian-national-health-system
#20
Suellen R Mendes, Renata C Martins, Antônio T G M Matta-Machado, Grazielle C M Mattos, Jennifer E Gallagher, Mauro H N G Abreu
The aim of this study was to examine the procedures of primary dental health care performed by oral health teams (OHTs) adhering to the second cycle of the 'National Programme for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care' (PMAQ-AB) in Brazil. A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was performed, across 23 dental procedures comprising preventive, restorative/prosthetic, surgical, endodontic and oral cancer monitoring. Descriptive analysis shows that most of the oral health teams carry out basic dental procedures...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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