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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227725/gistelemed-an-online-based-gis-approach-to-epidemiological-analysis-in-telemedicine-systems
#1
Andrei de Souza Inacio, Alexandre Savaris, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo von Wangenheim, Andrei de Souza Inacio, Alexandre Savaris, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo von Wangenheim, Andrei De Souza Inacio, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo Von Wangenheim, Alexandre Savaris
Large-scale telemedicine systems provide extensive amounts of data that can be used to gather epidemiological information. Epidemiologists have been using GIS systems for the easy and quick visualization of data and to perform georeferenced epidemiological analysis. This paper presents GISTelemed, a georeferenced epidemiological analysis tool developed as part of the Santa Catarina State Integrated Telemedicine and Telehealth System (STT/SC), a statewide telemedicine infrastructure in Brazil. The GISTelemed module offers an architecture supporting real-time recovery, information visualization and epidemiological analysis from structured and semi-structured data...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226026/diabetes-mellitus-and-sensorineural-hearing-loss-is-there-an-association-baseline-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#2
Alessandra G Samelli, Itamar S Santos, Renata R Moreira, Camila M Rabelo, Laurie P Rolim, Isabela J Bensenõr, Paulo A Lotufo
OBJECTIVES: Although several studies have investigated the effects of diabetes on hearing loss, the relationship between these two conditions remains unclear. Some studies have suggested that diabetes may cause sensorineural hearing loss, whereas others have failed to find an association. The biggest challenge in investigating the association between diabetes and hearing loss is the presence of confounding variables and the complexity of the auditory system. Our study investigated the association between diabetes and sensorineural hearing loss...
January 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226018/profile-of-human-anti-rabies-treatment-in-the-agreste-region-of-pernambuco-state-brazil-2010-2012
#3
Cleber Vinicius Brito Dos Santos, Rafaely Bezerra de Melo, Daniel Friguglietti Brandespim
Objective: to describe the characteristics of reported human anti-rabies treatment in municipalities of the 'agreste' region of Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2010-2012. Methods: this was a descriptive study using data from human anti-rabies medical records filed on the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (Sinan). Results: 10,138 reported records of anti-rabies treatment were included; canines were the most involved species (68.1%), in good health condition (79...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226008/time-trends-in-hospitalizations-for-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-among-children-under-five-years-old-in-cear%C3%A3-brazil-2000-2012
#4
Líllian de Queiroz Costa, Elzo Pereira Pinto, Marcelo Gurgel Carlos da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to analyze time trends and describe the causes of hospitalizations for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSC) in children under five years old in Ceará, Brazil, 2000-2012. METHODS: this is an ecological time series study using data from the National Hospital Information System; trends were analyzed using Prais-Winsten regression. RESULTS: from 2000 and 2016 ACSC hospitalization rates fell from 32.5 to 11.2/1,000 inhabitants under five years old (annual variation of -16...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226007/hospitalization-and-hospital-mortality-of-elderly-people-with-mental-and-behavioral-disorders-in-brazil-2008-2014
#5
Vanessa Cruz Santos, Karla Ferraz Dos Anjos, Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery, Ramon Missias Moreira, Diego Pires Cruz, Eduardo Nagib Boery
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the evolution of hospitalizations and hospital mortality of elderly people with mental and behavioral disorders in Brazil, from 2008 to 2014. METHODS: this is a time series ecological study, with data from the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian National Health System (SIH/SUS), and analyzed through Prais-Winsten regression. RESULTS: during the studied period, 139,941 hospitalizations and 2,962 deaths were recorded; the hospitalization coefficient for mental and behavioral disorders decreased in Brazil, from 122...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226006/hospitalization-due-to-road-traffic-injuries-in-brazil-2013-hospital-stay-and-costs
#6
Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge
Objetivo: to describe hospitalization rates and to estimate hospital costs and time spent in hospital due to road traffic accidents (RTA) in Brazil, in 2013. Methods: this is an ecological study conducted using data from the Brazilian National Hospital Information System. Results: in 2013, 170,805 hospitalizations due to RTA were funded by the Brazilian National Health System; 78.2% of the individuals were male, 48.6% were from 20 to 39 years old, and 51...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222726/treatment-delays-among-women-with-breast-cancer-in-a-low-socio-economic-status-region-in-brazil
#7
Naidhia Alves Soares Ferreira, Sionara Melo Figueiredo de Carvalho, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Hermes Melo Teixeira Batista, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Adami, Leandro Luongo de Matos
BACKGROUND: Considering the inequalities and the areas of low socioeconomic status in Brazil, access to health services is a challenge and the delay between diagnosis and treatment represents an important factor of worse prognosis in patients with breast cancer. Herein, we describe the clinical and epidemiological profiles of women with breast cancer and evaluate their access to health services, as well as treatment delays, at a reference centre of the Cariri region, Ceará, Brazil. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included 473 women treated with breast cancer between 2009 and 2011 at the Oncology Centre of the Cariri...
February 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220577/real-world-evaluation-of-the-smoking-cessation-services-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-municipality-brazil
#8
Letícia Casado, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, there has been a growing recommendation for process evaluation of the smoking cessation programmes in the world. This study sought to evaluate smoking cessation services, with special attention to the degree to which public health care facilities adhere to governmental standards of practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional study examined smoking cessation services by using a key-informant approach. All the services that delivered smoking cessation treatment in 2013 at the National Health System of the Rio de Janeiro municipality, Brazil, were included in the study...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217853/use-of-cytological-samples-of-metastatic-melanoma-for-ancillary-studies
#9
H M Ko, M A Saieg, G da Cunha Santos, S Kamel-Reid, S L Boerner, W R Geddie
OBJECTIVE: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is widely used in the diagnosis of metastatic melanoma, both at initial presentation and in the setting of recurrent disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of confirmatory immunohistochemistry (IHC) and molecular analysis of the BRAF mutation in cytological preparations of metastatic melanoma. METHODS: A 2-year retrospective review of pathology reports was performed on cytological samples of metastatic melanoma at the University Health Network (Toronto, Canada) and the Santa Casa Medical School (Sao Paulo, Brazil)...
February 20, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215862/natural-infection-of-the-feline-lungworm-aelurostrongylus-abstrusus-in-the-invasive-snail-achatina-fulica-from-argentina
#10
Romina Valente, Julia Ines Diaz, Oscar Daniel Salomón, Graciela Teresa Navone
The giant African snail Achatina fulica is an invasive mollusk native to Africa, the first record in Argentina was in Puerto Iguazú, in northeastern Argentina in 2010. Recently it was reported in Corrientes Province. This snail can act as an intermediate host of Metastrongyloidea nematodes of importance in public health as: Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Angiostrongylus costaricensis and Angiostrongylus vasorum. Taking into account the presence of A. fulica in Argentina, the objectives of this study is to assess the presence of Metastrongyloidea nematodes in this mollusk species in Puerto Iguazú, Misiones, close to the international border with Brazil and Paraguay...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210223/consumer-willingness-to-pay-for-dengue-vaccine-cyd-tdv-dengvaxia-%C3%A2-in-brazil-implications-for-future-pricing-considerations
#11
Isabella P Godói, André S Santos, Edna A Reis, Livia L P Lemos, Cristina M R Brandão, Juliana Alvares, Francisco A Acurcio, Brian Godman, Augusto A Guerra Júnior
Introduction and Objective: Dengue virus is a serious global health problem with an estimated 3.97 billion people at risk for infection worldwide. In December 2015, the first vaccine (CYD-TDV) for dengue prevention was approved in Brazil, developed by Sanofi Pasteur. However, given that the vaccine will potentially be paid via the public health system, information is need regarding consumers' willingness to pay for the dengue vaccine in the country as well as discussions related to the possible inclusion of this vaccine into the public health system...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207337/engaging-human-rights-in-the-response-to-the-evolving-zika-virus-epidemic
#12
Jennifer J K Rasanathan, Sarah MacCarthy, Debora Diniz, Els Torreele, Sofia Gruskin
In late 2015, an increase in the number of infants born with microcephaly in poor communities in northeast Brazil prompted investigation of antenatal Zika infection as the cause. Zika now circulates in 69 countries, and has affected pregnancies of women in 29 countries. Public health officials, policymakers, and international organizations are considering interventions to address health consequences of the Zika epidemic. To date, public health responses have focused on mosquito vector eradication, sexual and reproductive health services, knowledge and technology including diagnostic test and vaccine development, and health system preparedness...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198915/personality-traits-anger-and-psychiatric-symptoms-related-to-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-digestive-system-cancer
#13
Noemi Peres Honorato, Luciene Vaccaro de Morais Abumusse, Daniel Pereira Coqueiro, Vanessa de Albuquerque Citero
BACKGROUND: The presence of psychiatric symptoms, anger, and personality characteristics are factors that affect the quality of life of newly diagnosed digestive system cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify which stable characteristics of the individual's personality interfere with quality of life, even when reactive emotional characteristics of falling ill are controlled. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed at the Oncology Clinic ( Hospital das Clínicas ), Marília/SP, Brazil, in which 50 adult patients with digestive system cancer and diagnosed less than 6 months answered the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, Temperament and Character Inventory, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and WHOQOL-BREF...
February 13, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196018/pancreatic-cancer-incidence-and-lethality-rates-in-brazil-an-ecological-study
#14
Lucila M Perrotta de Souza, Jessica P L Moreira, Homero S Fogaça, Ronir R Luiz, Heitor S de Souza
OBJECTIVES: To describe incidence and lethality time trends rates of pancreatic cancer (PC) in Brazil. METHODS: Data from Brazilian Health National Public System (SUS) were retrospectively collected with regard to PC from January 2005 to December 2012. Pancreatic cancer incidence and lethality rates were estimated from SUS hospitalizations and in-hospital PC deaths and adjusted to total available hospital beds. RESULTS: From 2005 to 2012, a total of 36,332 admissions for PC were registered in Brazil...
February 14, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187737/evaluation-of-a-web-based-registry-of-inherited-bleeding-disorders-a-descriptive-study-of-the-brazilian-experience-with-hemovidaweb-coagulopatias
#15
Suely Meireles Rezende, Silvia Helena Lacerda Rodrigues, Kelly Neves Pinheiro Brito, Diego Lima Quintino da Silva, Marcos Lázaro Santo, Bárbara de Jesus Simões, Guilherme Genovez, Helder Teixeira Melo, João Paulo Baccara Araújo, Danila Augusta Accioly Varella Barca
BACKGROUND: Inherited bleeding disorders (IBD) consist of a group of rare heterogeneous diseases, which require treatment for life. Management of these disorders is complex and costly. Therefore, good quality data of the affected population is crucial to guide policy planning. The aim of this manuscript is to describe the impact of a national, web-based registry - the Hemovidaweb Coagulopatias (HWC) - in the management of the IBD in Brazil. METHODS: The system was developed in PHP 5...
February 10, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174371/determinants-of-demand-in-the-public-dental-emergency-service
#16
Maria Sa Matsumoto, Marcia An Gatti, Marta Hs de Conti, Sandra F de Ap Simeão, Solange de Oliveira Braga Franzolin, Sara N Marta
INTRODUCTION: Although dental emergencies are primarily aimed at pain relief, in practice, dental emergency services have been overwhelmed by the massive inflow of patients with less complex cases, which could be resolved at basic levels of health care. They frequently become the main gateway to the system. We investigated the determinant factors of demand at the Central Dental Emergency Unit in Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was applied to 521 users to evaluate sociodemographic profile; factors that led users to seek the service at the central dental emergency; perception of service offered...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173858/mortality-trends-for-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-the-state-of-sergipe-brazil-1980-2013
#17
Marcos Antônio Costa de Albuquerque, Danielle Menezes Dias, Lucas Teixeira Vieira, Carlos Anselmo Lima, Angela Maria da Silva
BACKGROUND: Neglected Tropical Diseases are a set of communicable diseases that affect the population so low socioeconomic status, particularly 1.4 billion people who are living below the poverty level. This study has investigated the magnitude and mortality time trends for these diseases in the state of Sergipe, Northeast Region of Brazil. METHODS: We conducted an ecological study of time series, based on secondary data derived from the Mortality Information System of the Ministry of Health...
February 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169041/treatment-of-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-a-literature-based-algorithm-for-use-in-the-public-health-care-system
#18
Ellen Luz Pereira Caires, Mailze Campos Bezerra, Ana Flávia Torquato de Araújo Junqueira, Sheila Márcia de Araújo Fontenele, Silvana Cristina de Albuquerque Andrade, Catarina Brasil d'Alva
Bisphosphonates are considered first-line agents in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis based on extensive experience of use, safety, and proven efficacy in reducing vertebral, non-vertebral and femur fractures. However, post-marketing reports based on the treatment of millions of patients/year over lengthy periods of time have revealed the occurrence of initially unexpected adverse effects, such as osteonecrosis of the jaw and atypical femoral fracture, leading to the restriction of treatment duration with bisphosphonates by global regulatory agencies...
December 27, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168857/trends-in-breast-cancer-surgery-at-brazil-s-public-health-system
#19
Ruffo Freitas-Júnior, Debora Melo Gagliato, João Wesley Cabral Moura Filho, Pollyana Alves Gouveia, Rosemar Macedo Sousa Rahal, Régis Resende Paulinelli, Luis Fernando Pádua Oliveira, Paola Ferreira Freitas, Edesio Martins, Cicero Urban, Clécio Ênio Murta Lucena
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze time trend patterns in Breast Cancer (BC) surgeries performed at Brazil's Public Health System, known as SUS from 2008 to 2014. METHODS: Ecological study of time series, based on the database system from SUS. Information on surgical procedures performed for BC treatment was collected. Analysis of the absolute number of surgeries was performed using Poisson Regression through Jointpoint Regression, and the trends were calculated through the annual percentage change (APC), with a confidence interval (CI) of 95%, and statistical significance when P < 0...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166251/risk-analysis-and-prediction-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-dispersion-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil
#20
Anaiá da Paixão Sevá, Liang Mao, Fredy Galvis-Ovallos, Joanna Marie Tucker Lima, Denis Valle
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an important neglected disease caused by a protozoan parasite, and represents a serious public health problem in many parts of the world. It is zoonotic in Europe and Latin America, where infected dogs constitute the main domestic reservoir for the parasite and play a key role in VL transmission to humans. In Brazil this disease is caused by the protozoan Leishmania infantum chagasi, and is transmitted by the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis. Despite programs aimed at eliminating infection sources, the disease continues to spread throughout the Country...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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