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Lateral hip pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673820/extra-osseous-ewing-s-sarcoma-of-sciatic-nerve-masquerading-as-benign-nerve-sheath-tumor-and-presented-as-lumbar-radiculopathy
#1
Jung Soo Bang, Nitin Adsul, Jae-Hyeon Lim, Il-Tae Jang
BACKGROUND: Extraosseous Ewing Sarcoma (EES) arising from peripheral nerves is extremely rare with only 11 cases, mentioned in the literature. It poses a diagnostic challenge to the clinicians due to its nonspecific presentation and rare occurrence. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old woman came with a history of low back pain and intractable right leg pain. Physical examination revealed the normal motor power of both lower limbs with decreased sensation along the lateral aspect of the foot with decreased ankle reflex...
April 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671497/osteoarthritis-rapid-evidence-review
#2
Mark H Ebell
Osteoarthritis (OA) should be suspected in patients with pain in the fingers, shoulders, hips, knees, or ankles, especially if they are older than 40 years. Patients older than 50 years who have joint pain, minimal morning stiffness, and functional impairment likely have OA. Radiography can confirm the diagnosis and may be helpful before surgical referral, but findings generally do not correlate well with symptoms. Exercise, physical therapy, knee taping, and tai chi are beneficial for knee OA. Medical therapy provides modest benefits in pain reduction and functional improvement; however, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, tramadol, and other opioids have significant potential harms...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666030/resection-arthroplasty-compared-with-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-treating-chronic-hip-pain-of-patients-with-a-history-of-substance-abuse
#3
William Curtis, Meir Marmor
BACKGROUND: Retrospective comparison of surgical management of severe hip pain in patients with a history of substance abuse treated by modified Girdlestone resection arthroplasty (RA) vs delayed total hip arthroplasty (THA) following yearlong sobriety pathway. METHODS: Patients were identified using charts, current procedural terminology (CPT) code query, and THA sobriety pathway registry. The primary outcome was adequate pain control following surgery, defined as visual analog scale ≤ 5 or verbal description of "moderate" or lower pain...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601221/comparison-of-hip-extensor-muscle-activity-including-the-adductor-magnus-during-three-prone-hip-extension-exercises
#4
Han-I Ko, Seung-Yeon Jeon, Si-Hyun Kim, Kyue-Nam Park
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the role of the adductor magnus muscle (Amag) as a hip extensor while performing active prone hip extension (PHE), PHE with hip adduction (PHE-ADD), and PHE with hip abduction (PHE-ABD) with the gluteus maximus (Gmax) and hamstrings. METHODS: The study recruited 22 healthy participants. Electromyography data were recorded from the Amag, Gmax, and medial and lateral hamstrings during PHE, PHE-ADD, and PHE-ABD. Normalized electromyographic data were examined using one-way, repeated-measures analyses of variance...
March 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600202/late-and-vague-presentation-of-septic-arthritis-of-hip-in-a-ivdrug-abuser
#5
Anantha Krishnan Raghupathi, Avinash Joshi
Introduction: Septic arthritis of the hip is a rare entity in acute presentation of hip pain in adults. Even though hip is the second most commonly affected joint, adult patients with septic arthritis not related to a surgical procedure represent <0.00001% of total acute admissions. Case Report: We present a 32-year-old female intravenous drug abuser, positive for Hepatitis B and C who had started to inject her femoral veins 2 years ago. She presented with a 10 weeks history of radiating pain in the leg which was full, constant and diffuse in nature with hip stiffness...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589046/-surgical-therapy-of-ischiofemoral-impingement-by-lateralizing-intertrochanteric-osteotomy
#6
REVIEW
C Suren, R Burgkart, I J Banke, G Hertel, J Schauwecker, R von Eisenhart-Rothe, H Gollwitzer
OBJECTIVE: Lateralizing, derotating intertrochanteric varus osteotomy to increase the ischiofemoral space to counter painful impingement of the lesser trochanter and the os ischium with resulting entrapment of quadratus femoris muscle. INDICATIONS: Symptomatic ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) caused by Coxa valga et antetorta, Coxa valga or Coxa antetorta, or a short femoral neck. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Anatomic configuration suggestive of IFI in asymptomatic patients...
March 27, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581655/effect-of-squatting-velocity-on-hip-muscle-latency-in-women-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#7
Ignacio Orozco-Chavez, Guillermo Mendez-Rebolledo
[Purpose] Neuromuscular activity has been evaluated in patellofemoral pain syndrome but movement velocity has not been considered. The aim was to determine differences in onset latency of hip and knee muscles between individuals with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome during a single leg squat, and whether any differences are dependent on movement velocity. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four females with patellofemoral pain syndrome and 24 healthy females participated. Onset latency of gluteus maximus, anterior and posterior gluteus medius, rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis and biceps femoris during a single leg squat at high and low velocity were evaluated...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567001/battling-the-opioid-epidemic-with-prospective-pain-threshold-measurement
#8
Brian T Nickel, Mitchell R Klement, William A Byrd, David E Attarian, Thorsten M Seyler, Samuel S Wellman
BACKGROUND: Responsible analgesic prescribing is paramount in the opioid epidemic era, yet no standardized protocol exists. We aim to (1) quantify and correlate outpatient opioid need after total knee and hip arthroplasties (TKA and THA) with preoperative objective pain pressure thresholds (PPTs) and subjective pain measures and (2) report incidence of nonsurgical opioid prescriptions 6 weeks postoperatively. METHODS: Prospectively, PPTs were measured using an algometer with a maximum force of 20 pounds in 160 consecutive patients (90 TKA and 70 THA)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566988/how-can-mri-change-the-treatment-strategy-in-apparently-isolated-greater-trochanteric-fracture
#9
Jai Hyung Park, Hyun Chul Shon, Jae Suk Chang, Chul-Ho Kim, Seong-Eun Byun, Byeong Ryong Han, Ji Wan Kim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the proportion of greater trochanter (GT) fractures with occult extension to the intertrochanteric region on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) among apparently isolated GT fractures and to investigate the use of MRI for formulating a treatment strategy in patients with isolated GT fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed 37 patients with isolated GT fractures on plain radiography...
March 15, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560393/the-direct-anterior-approach-for-acetabular-augmentation-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
Erin Honcharuk, Stephen Kayiaros, Lee E Rubin
Addressing acetabular bone defects can be difficult and depends on the amount of bone loss. Augments, either with bone or highly porous metals, are options that still allow the use of a hemispherical cup. Almost all previous research and publication on acetabular augments have focused on revision hip arthroplasty utilizing either a modified lateral or a posterolateral surgical approach. We describe 3 cases of augmenting acetabular bone defects through a direct anterior approach for primary total hip arthroplasty...
March 2018: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536559/abnormal-loading-of-the-hip-and-knee-joints-in-unilateral-hip-osteoarthritis-persists-two-years-after-total-hip-replacement
#11
Felix Stief, André Schmidt, Stefan van Drongelen, Katharina Lenarz, Dara Froemel, Timur Tarhan, Frederick Lutz, Andrea Meurer
A total hip replacement (THR) is a common and routine procedure to reduce pain and restore normal activity. Gait analysis can provide insights into functional characteristics and dynamic joint loading situation not identifiable by clinical examination or static radiographic measures. The present prospective longitudinal study tested whether 2 years after surgery a THR would restore dynamic loading of the knee and hip joints in the frontal plane to normal. Instrumented gait analysis was performed shortly before surgery and approximately 2 years after THR on 15 unilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA) patients...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526410/impingement-type-bony-morphology-was-related-to-cartilage-defects-but-not-pain-in-professional-ballet-dancers-hips
#12
Susan Mayes, Peter Smith, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVES: Professional ballet dancers may have hip bony morphology that predisposes them to cartilage or labral injury. However, the relationship between bony morphology and pathology has not been investigated in ballet. This study investigates associations between bony morphology, chondrolabral defects and hip pain in ballet dancers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 33 male and female professional ballet dancers, (mean age 27 years (range 19-39)), completed questionnaires with hip pain measured on a visual analogue scale; and underwent 3...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509620/mid-term-results-of-periacetabular-osteotomy-for-the-treatment-of-hip-dysplasia-associated-with-down-syndrome-minimum-follow-up-of-five-years
#13
Daniel A Maranho, Kathryn A Williams, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim, Eduardo N Novais
BACKGROUND: The treatment of hip dysplasia in patients with Down syndrome is challenging. We investigated the clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes of periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) as well as factors associated with its failure at a minimum of 5 years of follow-up. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2011, 19 patients with Down syndrome (26 hips) underwent PAO at a mean age of 16.2 ± 4.7 years. Hip pain and function were assessed with use of the modified Harris hip score (HHS) and the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502965/similar-superior-patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-anterior-and-posterolateral-approaches-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-postoperative-patient-reported-outcome-measure-improvement-after-3-months-in-12-774-primary-total-hip-arthroplasties-using-the-anterior
#14
Rinne M Peters, Loes W A H van Beers, Liza N van Steenbergen, Julius Wolkenfelt, Harmen B Ettema, Bas L E F Ten Have, Paul C Rijk, Martin Stevens, Sjoerd K Bulstra, Rudolf W Poolman, Wierd P Zijlstra
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are used to evaluate the outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA). We determined the effect of surgical approach on PROMs after primary THA. METHODS: All primary THAs, with registered preoperative and 3 months postoperative PROMs were selected from the Dutch Arthroplasty Register. Based on surgical approach, 4 groups were discerned: (direct) anterior, anterolateral, direct lateral, and posterolateral approaches...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501915/analysis-of-the-kinetic-chain-in-asymptomatic-individuals-with-and-without-scapular-dyskinesis
#15
Elisa Doria Pires, Paula Rezende Camargo
BACKGROUND: This study measured strength of the trunk and hip, and compared Y Balance Test and Upper Quarter Y Balance Test in individuals without and with scapular dyskinesis. Strength and endurance of the scapulothoracic muscles were also assessed. METHODS: Forty-four individuals without shoulder pain were divided in 2 groups: without scapular dyskinesis (age 26.00, SD 4.10 years) and scapular dyskinesis (age 23.68, SD 4.20 years). Scapular dyskinesis was assessed by clinical observation of the scapular motion during arm elevation, and was classified as present or absent...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493328/no-effect-of-double-nerve-block-of-the-lateral-cutaneous-nerve-and-subcostal-nerves-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#16
Johannes L Bron, Jeanette Verhart, Inger N Sierevelt, Dirk De Vries, Hylke J Kingma, Maarten V Rademakers
Background and purpose - The use of local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) has become one of the cornerstones of rapid recovery protocols in total knee arthroplasty patients during the past decade. In total hip arthroplasty (THR), however, the study results are more variable and LIA has therefore not yet been generally accepted. There is no consensus on which structure should be infiltrated and the cutaneous nerves are generally neglected. Hence, we hypothesized a pain-reducing effect of specifically blocking these nerves...
March 1, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468642/sensory-distribution-of-the-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-block-a-randomised-blinded-trial
#17
M Nersesjan, D Hägi-Pedersen, J H Andersen, O Mathiesen, J B Dahl, L Broeng, K H Thybo
BACKGROUND: The lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) block may be used for post-operative pain management in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. The aim of this trial was to investigate the sensory coverage of the posterior and the lateral incision lines and the involvement of the femoral nerve after an LFCN block. METHODS: The study was a randomised, blinded trial in 20 healthy volunteers. All subjects received a bilateral LFCN block randomised to 8 ml ropivacaine on the right side and 8 ml isotonic saline on the left side, or vice versa...
February 21, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456755/preliminary-results-of-an-anteverting-triple-periacetabular-osteotomy-for-the-treatment-of-hip-instability-in-down-syndrome
#18
D A Maranho, Y-J Kim, K A Williams, E N Novais
Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of an anteverting triple periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of hip instability in skeletally immature patients with Down syndrome. Methods: We evaluated 16 patients (21 hips) with Down syndrome and hip instability who underwent an anteverting triple periacetabular osteotomy between 2007 and 2016. There were nine females and seven males with an average age of 7.4 years SD 2.0. We assessed the level of hip pain, gait ability and clinical stability at a minimum of one year after surgery...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449003/upper-partial-fibulectomy-improves-knee-biomechanics-and-function-and-decreases-knee-pain-of-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-and-biomechanical-study
#19
Yong Nie, Jun Ma, ZeYu Huang, Bin Xu, Shuo Tang, Bin Shen, Virginia Byers Kraus, FuXing Pei
To investigate the change in clinical outcomes and biomechanical properties of the knee in response to upper partial fibulectomy. Sixteen patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (KOA) underwent upper partial fibulectomy. Visual analog scale (VAS) pain, the hospital for special surgery knee score (HSS), hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle (measured in the frontal plane), and flexion/extension range of motion of the knee were assessed before and up to 6 months after surgery. Patients were evaluated for gait parameters and overall peak knee adduction moment (KAM)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428875/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-needle-tenotomy-for-chronic-tensor-fascia-lata-tendinopathy-a-case-series-and-description-of-sonographic-findings
#20
David M Bradberry, Walter I Sussman, Kenneth Mautner
Proximal tensor fascia lata tendinopathy at its origin on the anterior superior iliac crest is one potential cause of lateral hip pain. However, there is limited literature regarding the mechanism, disease course, or management of this condition. There is growing evidence supporting the effective treatment of percutaneous needle tenotomy (PNT) for chronic tendinopathy. Only a single case series has examined the efficacy of PNT for tendinopathy about the hip and pelvis. Presented here are examples of 2 cases of chronic recalcitrant proximal ultrasound confirmed tensor fascia lata (tendinopathy effectively treated with ultrasound-guided PNT...
February 8, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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