Read by QxMD icon Read

protein hydrolysates

Benoit Talbot, Maarten J Vonhof, Hugh G Broders, Brock Fenton, Nusha Keyghobadi
Parasite-host relationships create strong selection pressures that can lead to adaptation and increasing specialization of parasites to their hosts. Even in relatively loose host-parasite relationships, such as between generalist ectoparasites and their hosts, we may observe some degree of specialization of parasite populations to one of the multiple potential hosts. Salivary proteins are used by blood-feeding ectoparasites to prevent hemostasis in the host and maximize energy intake. We investigated the influence of association with specific host species on allele frequencies of salivary protein genes in Cimex adjunctus, a generalist blood-feeding ectoparasite of bats in North America...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Jin-Jun Dong, Rui-Zhi Han, Guo-Chao Xu, Lei Gong, Wan-Ru Xing, Ye Ni
The toxicity of furfural residues (FRs) hydrolysate is a major obstacle in its application. This work focused on the detoxification of FRs hydrolysate and its application in butanol fermentation. Combination of activated carbon and resin 717 was appropriate for the detoxification of hydrolysate. Mixed sterilization of FRs hydrolysate and corn steep liquor (CSL) was better than the separate ones, since proteins in CSL could adsorb and remove toxic components during sterilization. The results further confirmed that simultaneous sterilization of activated carbon + resin and fermentation medium was more efficient for detoxification and butanol production, in which 76...
February 23, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Stephen Brimijoin, Yang Gao, Liyi Geng, Vicky P Chen
Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), a plasma enzyme that hydrolyses the neurotransmitter, acetylcholine relatively well, with far lower efficiency than acetylcholinesterase (AChE) but with the capability to degrade a broad range of bioactive esters. AChE is universally understood as essential to cholinergic neurotransmission, voluntary muscle performance, and cognition, among other roles, and its catalytic impact is essential for life. A total absence of BChE activity, whether by enzyme inhibition or simple lack of enzyme protein is not only compatible with life, but does not lead to obvious physiologic disturbance...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Diego Moreno-Pérez, Carlo Bressa, María Bailén, Safa Hamed-Bousdar, Fernando Naclerio, Manuel Carmona, Margarita Pérez, Rocío González-Soltero, Maria Gregoria Montalvo-Lominchar, Claudia Carabaña, Mar Larrosa
Nutritional supplements are popular among athletes to improve performance and physical recovery. Protein supplements fulfill this function by improving performance and increasing muscle mass; however, their effect on other organs or systems is less well known. Diet alterations can induce gut microbiota imbalance, with beneficial or deleterious consequences for the host. To test this, we performed a randomized pilot study in cross-country runners whose diets were complemented with a protein supplement (whey isolate and beef hydrolysate) ( n = 12) or maltodextrin (control) ( n = 12) for 10 weeks...
March 10, 2018: Nutrients
Yathisha Ug, Ishani Bhat, Iddya Karunasagar, Mamatha Bs
The rising interest to utilize nutritionally exorbitant fish proteins has instigated research activities in fish waste utilization. The development of newer technologies to utilize fish waste has fostered use of bioactive value-added products for specific health benefits. Enzymatically obtained Fish Protein Hydrolysate (FPH) is a rich source of biologically active peptides possessing anti-oxidant, anticancer, antimicrobial and anti-hypertensive activity. Isolating natural remedies to combat alarming negative consequences of synthetic drugs has been the new trend in current research promoting identification of antihypertensive peptides from FPH...
March 13, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Juan Zamora-Sillero, Adem Gharsallaoui, Carlos Prentice
The inadequate management of fish processing waste or by-products is one of the major problems that fish industry has to face nowadays. The mismanagement of this raw material leads to economic loss and environmental problems. The demand for the use of these by-products has led to the development of several processes in order to recover biomolecules from fish by-products. An efficient way to add value to fish waste protein is protein hydrolysis. Protein hydrolysates improve the functional properties and allow the release of peptides of different sizes with several bioactivities such as antioxidant, antimicrobial, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, or antihyperglycemic among others...
March 13, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Juliette Delaunay, Florence Hacard, Sandra Denery-Papini, Lorna Garnier, Frédéric Bérard, Jean-François Nicolas, Audrey Nosbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Contact Dermatitis
Takeshi Matsubara, Hiroshi Iwamoto, Yuki Nakazato, Tomoyuki Okamoto, Tatsuya Ehara, Hirohisa Izumi, Yasuhiro Takeda
BACKGROUND: Epicutaneous sensitization to food allergens can occur through defective skin barriers. However, the relationship between oral tolerance and epicutaneous sensitization remains to be elucidated. We aimed to determine whether prior oral exposure to whey proteins or their hydrolysates prevents epicutaneous sensitization and subsequent food allergic reaction to the whey protein, β-lactoglobulin (β-LG), and investigated the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: BALB/c mice were given whey protein concentrate (WPC), two kinds of partial whey protein hydrolysate (PWH1 or PWH2), or extensive whey protein hydrolysate (EWH) in drinking water for 21 days...
March 8, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Jamie A Meadows, Graham G Willsey, Matthew J Wargo
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa can metabolize carnitine and O-acylcarnitines, which are abundant in host muscle and other tissues. Acylcarnitines are metabolized to carnitine and a fatty acid. The liberated carnitine and its catabolic product, glycine betaine, can be used as osmoprotectants, to induce the secreted phospholipase C PlcH, and as sole carbon, nitrogen and energy sources. P. aeruginosa is incapable of de novo synthesis of carnitine and acylcarnitines, therefore they must be imported from an exogenous source...
March 8, 2018: Microbiology
Dominic Agyei, Apollinaire Tsopmo, Chibuike C Udenigwe
There are emerging advancements in the strategies used for the discovery and development of food-derived bioactive peptides because of their multiple food and health applications. Bioinformatics and peptidomics are two computational and analytical techniques that have the potential to speed up the development of bioactive peptides from bench to market. Structure-activity relationships observed in peptides form the basis for bioinformatics and in silico prediction of bioactive sequences encrypted in food proteins...
March 7, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Shukun Wang, Danyang Meng, Sisi Wang, Zhong Zhang, Ruijin Yang, Wei Zhao
In this study, enzymatic hydrolysis and cationization with epoxypropyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride of wheat protein, an economic protein complex containing great amount of disulfide bonds, were conducted to improve properties such as solubility and disassociation behaviour for recovery of damaged hair when used in shampoo. The optimal conditions for enzymatic hydrolysis were pH 8.2, 55°C with Alcalase for 60 min. After the selected hydrolysis, the degree of hydrolysis, nitrogen solubility index, foaming capacity index, foam stability index, emulsifying activity index and emulsion stability index of hydrolysate with 58...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Andrea B Stefanovic, Jelena R Jovanovic, Bojana D Balanc, Nataša Ž Šekuljica, Sonja M Jakovetic Tanaskovic, Marina B Dojcinovic, Zorica D Kneževic-Jugovic
The objective of this study was to discover the relationship between the ultrasound probe treatment (UPT) on egg white proteins (EWPs) before EWPs hydrolysis by different proteases, and the functional properties of the obtained hydrolysates. To fulfill this goal, the protein solubility, foaming, and emulsifying properties were studied as a function of the UPT time and then related to the surface characteristics and structural properties. The changes in the hydrolysates microstructures and macromolecular conformation, induced by the UPT, were followed using scanning electron microscope analyzis (SEM) and Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
March 5, 2018: Poultry Science
Jun-Pil Jang, Gwi Ja Hwang, Min Cheol Kwon, In-Ja Ryoo, Mina Jang, Shunji Takahashi, Sung-Kyun Ko, Hiroyuki Osada, Jae-Hyuk Jang, Jong Seog Ahn
Two new cyclic peptides, pentaminomycins A (1) and B (2), were isolated from cultures of Streptomyces sp. RK88-1441. Based on the interpretation of the NMR, UV, IR, and MS data, the planar structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated as cyclic pentapeptides with a modified amino acid residue, N5 -hydroxyarginine (N5-OH-Arg). The absolute configurations of the constituent amino acid residues were determined by the advanced Marfey's method. Localization of l- and d-amino acids in the sequence was ascertained by chiral analysis of the fragment peptide obtained from a partial hydrolysate; amino acids were identified by LC-MS...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
Lucie Jedličková, Hana Dvořáková, Jan Dvořák, Martin Kašný, Lenka Ulrychová, Jiří Vorel, Vojtěch Žárský, Libor Mikeš
BACKGROUND: Cysteine peptidases of clan CA, family C1 account for a major part of proteolytic activity in the haematophagous monogenean Eudiplozoon nipponicum. The full spectrum of cysteine cathepsins is, however, unknown and their particular biochemical properties, tissue localisation, and involvement in parasite-host relationships are yet to be explored. METHODS: Sequences of cathepsins L and B (EnCL and EnCB) were mined from E. nipponicum transcriptome and analysed bioinformatically...
March 6, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Iva Turyan, Ruth Frenkel, Zoran Sosic
Protein tyrosine sulfation (Tyr-O-SO3) is a common post-translational modification (PTM), which is important for protein function. Absolute quantitation of Tyr-O-SO3 in recombinant therapeutic proteins has been challenging. We report here an MRM method used for absolute quantitation of Tyr-O-SO3 in the hydrolysate of a recombinant Fc-fusion protein. Quantitation is achieved by monitoring the sum of two transitions: the loss of carboxylic acid from tyrosine sulfate (major transition) and sulfate group from tyrosine sulfate sodium salt...
March 2, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Yuhong Mao, Maria Krischke, Claudia Hengst, Ulrich Kulozik
Although immobilized trypsin is a viable alternative to the free one in solution for producing protein hydrolysates, the change of selectivity introduced by immobilization is unclear. In this study, we compared the selectivity of free and immobilized trypsin towards different cleavage sites of β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg) with a focus on the impact of environmental pH. Both free and immobilized trypsin exhibited greater accessibility to native β-Lg at elevated pH (from pH 7.2 to 8.7). Additionally, free trypsin preferred to attack cleavage sites located at the C-terminus at pH 7...
July 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Krzysztof Buksa, Anna Łakomy, Anna Nowotna, Magdalena Krystyjan
The purpose of the work was to determine which processes occur during fermentation of rye dough beside progressive hydrolysis of biopolymers and production of gases, and also to determine which compounds are most responsible for them. The study was conducted with a specially modified dough containing starch, arabinoxylan preparations (non-modified, hydrolysed and cross-linked) and protein obtained from rye wholemeal. Despite the same consistency of the dough samples, their viscosity and values of rheological parameters depended on the amount of arabinoxylan preparations and their molecular weight...
July 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Wenlin Yu, Catherine J Field, Jianping Wu
Spent hens have low market value and incur significant costs for disposal. This study explored the use of spent hens as a source of bioactive peptides. Spent hen hydrolysates prepared by Protease M or Protex 50FP exhibited interleukin (IL)-6 inhibitory activity in endotoxin-activated macrophage-like U937 cells (p < .05). The potential peptides from Protex 50FP hydrolysate were further fractionated using a combination of ultrafiltration, solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography; 17 novel peptides encoded in major muscle proteins were identified by mass spectrometry analysis, of which 7 were chemically synthesized and assayed for the IL-6 inhibitory activity...
July 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Jun Liu, Qinlu Lin, Xueying Chai, Yunchuan Luo, Ting Guo
BACKGROUND: Phenolic compounds generated in hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials are major limiting factors for biological production of solvents by Clostridia, but it lacks the attention on the study of adaptation or resistance mechanisms in response to phenolic compounds. RESULTS: Gene Cbei_3304, encoding a hypothetical membrane transport protein, was analyzed by bioinformatic method. After insertional inactivation of the functionally uncertain gene Cbei_3304 in Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052, resulted in enhanced phenolic compounds tolerance...
March 3, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
Raman Pachaiappan, Ekant Tamboli, Aurovind Acharya, Chia-Hung Su, Subash C B Gopinath, Yeng Chen, Palaniyandi Velusamy
Enzyme hydrolysates (trypsin, papain, pepsin, α-chymotrypsin, and pepsin-pancreatin) of Tinospora cordifolia stem proteins were analyzed for antioxidant efficacy by measuring (1) 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•) radical scavenging activity, (2) 2,20-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS+) radical scavenging capacity, and (3) Fe2+ chelation. Trypsin hydrolysate showed the strongest DPPH• scavenging, while α-chymotrypsin hydrolysate exhibited the highest ABTS+ scavenging and Fe2+ chelation...
2018: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"