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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543718/introduction-of-a-new-instrument-to-measure-motivation-for-gaming-the-electronic-gaming-motives-questionnaire
#1
Helga Myrseth, Guy Notelaers, Leif Åge Strand, Einar Kristian Borud, Olav Kjellevold Olsen
AIMS: To adapt the four-dimensional Gambling Motives Questionnaire-Revised (GMQ-R) to measure the motivation for engaging in electronic gaming, and to validate the internal structure and investigate the criterion validity of the new Electronic Gaming Motives Questionnaire (EGMQ). DESIGN AND SETTING: The GMQ-R was adapted to measure motivation for playing video games and the new instrument was tested on a sample of Norwegian conscripts randomly selected from the pool of conscripts who started their military service between 2013 and 2015...
May 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539141/individual-traits-personal-values-and-conflict-resolution-in-an-isolated-confined-extreme-environment
#2
Jesper G Corneliussen, Gloria R Leon, Anders Kjærgaard, Birgit A Fink, Noah C Venables
BACKGROUND: The study of personality traits, personal values, and the emergence of conflicts within groups performing in an isolated, confined, and extreme environment (ICE) may provide insights helpful for the composition and support of space crews for long duration missions. METHODS: Studied pre/post and over the 2-yr period of the investigation were 10 Danish military personnel deployed to stations in Greenland on a 26-mo staggered rotation. Subjects completed the NEO PI-R, Triarchic Psychopathy Measure, and Portrait Values Questionnaire, and participated in structured interviews...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533934/mortality-outcomes-in-trauma-patients-undergoing-prehospital-red-blood-cell-transfusion-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Gregory S Huang, C Michael Dunham
The value of prehospital red blood cell (RBC) transfusion for trauma patients is controversial. The purposes of this literature review were to determine the mortality rate of trauma patients with hemodynamic instability and the benefit of prehospital RBC transfusion. A 30-year systematic literature review was performed in 2016. Eligible studies were combined for meta-analysis when tests for heterogeneity were insignificant. The synthesized mortality was 35.6% for systolic blood pressure ≤ 90 mmHg; 51.1% for ≤ 80 mmHg; and 63...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528761/responding-to-a-cvdpv1-outbreak-in-ukraine-implications-challenges-and-opportunities
#4
Nino Khetsuriani, Ihor Perehinets, Dorit Nitzan, Dragoslav Popovic, Thomas Moran, Vusala Allahverdiyeva, Shahin Huseynov, Eugene Gavrilin, Liudmyla Slobodianyk, Olha Izhyk, Anna Sukhodolska, Sahar Hegazi, Katerina Bulavinova, Sergei Platov, Patrick O'Connor
BACKGROUND: The European Region, certified polio-free in 2002, remains at risk of wild poliovirus reintroduction and emergence of circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPV) until global polio eradication is achieved, as demonstrated by the cVDPV1 outbreak in Ukraine in 2015. METHODS: We reviewed epidemiologic, clinical and virology data on cVDPV cases, surveillance and immunization coverage data, and reports of outbreak-related surveys, country missions, and expert group meetings...
May 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521716/building-a-successful-military-to-military-partnership-through-confronting-hiv-the-u-s-nigeria-experience
#5
Aladdin Shadyab, Darrell Singer, Lindsay Hughes, Robbie Nelson, Tahir Umar, Ogbonnaya Simon Njoku
The Nigerian Ministry of Defence-Walter Reed Army Institute of Research partnership was established in 2004 in response to the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic in Nigeria. Here we discuss the emergence of HIV in Nigeria, highlighting the initial barriers to treatment delivery, and outline the origins of the international military-to-military partnership developed to confront the disease. With financial support from the United States President's Plan for AIDS Relief and Nigerian Government Counterpart Funding, we demonstrate how this program led to a successful and sustainable response in the fight against HIV in Nigeria...
May 17, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521715/conducting-hiv-seroprevalence-and-behavioral-epidemiology-risk-surveys-sabers-among-partner-military-populations
#6
Caroline A Macera, Stanley I Ito, Braden R Hale, Richard A Shaffer, Anne G Thomas, Janet Dickieson
BACKGROUND: Characterizing HIV infection and associated risk behaviors within military populations is critical for understanding the epidemic and informing prevention activities. However, the prevalence of HIV and related risk behaviors is often unknown. Further, militaries may not have the systems in place or the staff expertise to conduct HIV surveillance and risk behavior studies. METHODS: The Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP), funded by the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the US Department of Defense, provides technical assistance, management and administrative support for HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment for approximately 65 partner militaries...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521714/development-and-implementation-of-the-dhapp-military-ehealth-information-network-system
#7
Mary Kratz, Anne Thomas, Ricardo Hora, Delphis Vera, Mickey Lutz, Mark D Johnson
As the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, the Global Fund, and the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief focus on reaching 90-90-90 goals, military health systems are scaling up to meet the data demands of these ambitious objectives. Since 2008, the US Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP) has been working with military partners in 14 countries on implementation and adoption of a Military eHealth Information Network (MeHIN). Each country implementation plan followed a structured process using international eHealth standards...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518038/febrile-respiratory-illness-associated-with-human-adenovirus-type-55-in-south-korea-military-2014-20161
#8
Hongseok Yoo, Se Hun Gu, Jaehun Jung, Dong Hyun Song, Changgyo Yoon, Duck Jin Hong, Eun Young Lee, Woong Seog, Il-Ung Hwang, Daesang Lee, Seong Tae Jeong, Kyungmin Huh
An outbreak of febrile respiratory illness associated with human adenovirus (HAdV) occurred in the South Korea military during the 2014-15 influenza season and thereafter. Molecular typing and phylogenetic analysis of patient samples identified HAdV type 55 as the causative agent. Emergence of this novel HAdV necessitates continued surveillance in military and civilian populations.
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511271/georgia-s-collaborative-approach-to-expanding-mosquito-surveillance-in-response-to-zika-virus-a-case-study
#9
R Christopher Rustin, Deonte Martin, Varadan Sevilimedu, Sarbesh Pandeya, Haresh Rochani, Rosmarie Kelly
Zika virus (ZIKV) was declared an international public health emergency by the World Health Organization on February 1, 2016. Due to the known and estimated range of the ZIKV mosquito vectors, southern and central US states faced increased risk of ZIKV transmission. With the state of Georgia hosting the world's busiest international airport, a climate that supports the ZIKV vectors, and limited surveillance (13 counties) and response capacity, the Department of Public Health (DPH) was challenged to respond and prevent ZIKV transmission...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491891/a-report-of-adult-human-adenovirus-infections-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#10
Shirin Kalimuddin, Yvonne F Z Chan, Ian Q Wu, Qiao Li Tan, Kavitha G Murthee, Ban Hock Tan, Lynette L E Oon, Yong Yang, Raymond T P Lin, Udayan Joseph, October M Sessions, Gavin J D Smith, Eng Eong Ooi, Jenny G H Low
We describe a review of human adenovirus (HAdV) infections occurring among adults in a tertiary hospital in Singapore from February to May 2013. A similar increase in cases was observed among children and military personnel during the same time period. The majority of isolates were identified as HAdV-7, likely an emerging pathogen in Asia.
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488368/a-cluster-of-adenovirus-type-b55-infection-in-a-neurosurgical-inpatient-department-of-a-general-hospital-in-guangdong-china
#11
Lina Yi, LiRong Zou, Jing Lu, Min Kang, Yingchao Song, Juan Su, Xin Zhang, LiJun Liang, HanZhong Ni, Changwen Ke, Jie Wu
BACKGROUND: Human adenovirus type 55 is a re-emerging human respiratory pathogen that is associated with several respiratory infections outbreaks in military and school populations. In this study, we describe the first HAdV55-associated hospital outbreak documented in Guangdong, China. METHODS: Active surveillance was conducted in the involved neurosurgical inpatient department. All staff and patients in the involved neurosurgical department were surveyed for any symptoms of fever (≥38°C) and enlarged tonsils during the outbreak period...
May 10, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488231/observed-relationship-behaviors-and-sleep-in-military-veterans-and-their-partners
#12
Jennifer Fillo, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Amy DeSantis, Anne Germain, Daniel J Buysse, Karen A Matthews, Wendy M Troxel
BACKGROUND: Emerging research has begun to examine associations between relationship functioning and sleep. However, these studies have largely relied on self-reported evaluations of relationships and/or of sleep, which may be vulnerable to bias. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine associations between relationship functioning and sleep in military couples. This is the first research to examine associations between observed relationship behaviors and subjective and polysomnographically measured sleep in a sample at-risk for both sleep and relationship problems...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486642/suicide-in-scottish-military-veterans-a-30-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
B P Bergman, D F Mackay, D J Smith, J P Pell
Background: Although reassuring data on suicide risk in UK veterans of the 1982 Falklands conflict and 1991 Gulf conflict have been published, there have been few studies on long-term overall suicide risk in UK veterans. Aims: To examine the risk of suicide in a broad population-based cohort of veterans in Scotland, irrespect ive of length of service or exposure to conflict, in comparison with people having no record of military service. Methods: A retrospective 30-year cohort study of 56205 veterans born 1945-85 and 172741 matched non-veterans, using Cox proportional hazard models to compare the risk of suicide and fatal self-harm overall, by sex, birth cohort, length of service and year of recruitment...
May 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483389/battlefield-trauma-induced-hypothermia-transitioning-the-preferred-method-of-casualty-rewarming
#14
REVIEW
Brad L Bennett, John B Holcomb
For centuries, cold and wet weather has affected military combat operations leading to tremendous loss of manpower caused by cold-weather-related injuries including trench foot, frostbite, and hypothermia. The initial battlefield management of hypothermia in military personnel had not advanced significantly following many wars and conflicts until 2006. The aim of this review is to: 1) provide an overview of trauma-induced hypothermia (TIH); 2) highlight the Department of Defense strategy for the implementation of a hypothermia clinical management program for battlefield (prehospital) casualties; 3) highlight the research and development of the Hypothermia Prevention and Management Kit (HPMK) as the preferred field rewarming system for battlefield TIH; and 4) emphasize how the HPMK can be easily transitioned to the civilian sector for active rewarming of both accidental and TIH patients...
May 5, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478999/integration-of-tactical-ems-in-the-national-park-service
#15
REVIEW
William Will R Smith
The National Park Service (NPS) has domestic responsibility for emergency medical services (EMS) in remote and sometimes tactical situations in 417 units covering over 34 million hectares (84 million acres). The crossover between conflicting patient care priorities and complex medical decision making in the tactical, technical, and wilderness/remote environments often has many similarities. Patient care in these diverse locations, when compared with military settings, has slightly different variables but often similar corresponding risks to the patients and providers...
May 4, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470013/pyogenic-pericarditis-and-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-streptococcus-anginosus-in-a-combat-theater
#16
Ryan C Maves, Michael S Tripp, Tracy Franzos, Scott C Wallace, Benjamin J Drinkwine, Todd C Villines
Streptococcus anginosus group pericarditis is rare. A 24-year-old male soldier presented for care at a military clinic in Afghanistan with shock and cardiac tamponade requiring emergent pericardial drainage and aeromedical evacuation. We review the patient's case, the need for serial pericardial drainage, and the available literature on this disorder.
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467535/association-of-the-modified-frailty-index-with-30-day-surgical-readmission
#17
Tyler S Wahl, Laura A Graham, Mary T Hawn, Joshua Richman, Robert H Hollis, Caroline E Jones, Laurel A Copeland, Edith A Burns, Kamal M Itani, Melanie S Morris
Importance: Frail patients are known to have poor perioperative outcomes. There is a paucity of literature investigating how the Modified Frailty Index (mFI), a validated measure of frailty, is associated with unplanned readmission among military veterans following surgery. Objective: To understand the association between frailty and 30-day postoperative unplanned readmission. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among adult patients who underwent surgery and were discharged alive from Veterans Affairs hospitals for orthopedic, general, and vascular conditions between October 1, 2007, and September 30, 2014, with a postoperative length of stay between 2 and 30 days...
May 3, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466413/obesity-prevention-in-the-military
#18
REVIEW
Marissa Shams-White, Patricia Deuster
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective was to review prevention efforts and approaches attempting to limit the problem of obesity in the military. RECENT FINDINGS: Various individual-level initiatives have emerged, including programs promoting healthy cooking, meal planning, and other behavior changes among service members. Importantly, the military is attempting to tackle environmental factors contributing to the rise of obesity, by focusing on many recent environmental-level interventions and initiatives to improve military dining facilities and examine and modify other aspects of installations' built environments...
May 2, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462701/depleted-uranium-and-human-health
#19
Armando Faa, Clara Gerosa, Daniela Fanni, Giuseppe Floris, Peter Van Eyken, Joanna Izabela Lachowicz, Valeria Marina Nurchi
Depleted uranium (DU) is generally considered an emerging pollutant, first extensively introduced into environment in the early nineties in Iraq, during the military operation called "Desert Storm". DU has been hypothesized to represent a hazardous element both for soldiers exposed as well as for the inhabitants of the polluted areas in the war zones. In this review, the possible consequences on human health of DU released in the environment are critically analyzed. In the first part, the chemical properties of DU and the principal civil and military uses are summarized...
April 25, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452637/incidence-and-etiology-of-sudden-cardiac-death-new-updates-for-athletic-departments
#20
Irfan M Asif, Kimberly G Harmon
CONTEXT: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in a young athlete is a tragic event and is the leading medical cause of death in this population. The precise incidence of SCD in young athletes has been subject of debate, with studies reporting drastically different rates (1:917,000 athlete-years (AYs) to 1:3000 AYs) depending on the methodological design of the investigation or the targeted population. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search was performed in PubMed using the terms: incidence, sudden cardiac death, sudden death, sudden cardiac arrest, etiology, pathology, registry, athlete, young, children, and adolescents...
May 2017: Sports Health
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