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Jeremy Ravenelle, Philip J Nyhus
Human-wildlife conflict is a major conservation challenge, and compensation for wildlife damage is a widely used economic tool to mitigate this conflict. The effectiveness of this management tool is widely debated. The relative importance of factors associated with compensation success is unclear and little is known about global geographic or taxonomic differences in the application of compensation programs. We carried out a review of the compensation scholarship to examine geographic and taxonomic gaps, analyze patterns of positive and negative comments related to compensation, and assess the relative magnitude of global compensation payments...
April 25, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Olfred Hansen, Marianne M Knap, Azza Khalil, Christa H Nyhus, Tine McCulloch, Bente Holm, Carsten Brink, Lone Hoffmann, Tine Schytte
INTRODUCTION: In order to test the best performing radiation dose with a convenient chemotherapy schedule of an oral formulation of radio-sensitizing vinorelbine in inoperable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we performed a randomized phase II trial based on a "pick the winner" design. METHODS: After 2 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 117 patients with NSCLC stage IIB-IIIB in performance status 0-1 were randomized to radiotherapy 60Gy/30 fractions or 66Gy/33 fractions concurrent with a fixed dose of oral vinorelbine 50mg administered 3 times weekly...
May 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
A Kartal, M Yalcın, B Citgez, A Uzunkoy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of constipation on the development of inguinal herniation and type of herniation using the Constipation severity scale. METHODS: A total of 100 patients who underwent surgical inguinal hernia repair (study group) and 100 healthy volunteers without inguinal herniation (control group) were included in this study. The constipation severity scale was administered to all patients. The type of the herniation was classified using Nyhus scale during surgery and the side of the herniation was recorded on completed questionnaires...
April 9, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
G Amato, G Romano, E Erdas, F Medas, L Gordini, F Podda, P Calò
BACKGROUND: External hernias of the supravesical fossa are considered rare, perhaps wrongly. Highlighting clinical and anatomical features could be useful for correct, preoperative diagnosis, thus avoiding the risk of complications such as incarceration. The study aims to demonstrate that the incidence of external protrusions of the supravesical fossa is higher that supposed. Probably, being mistaken for direct hernias, these hernia types are misidentified and not included in current classifications...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Eva Maria Støa, Sondre Meling, Lill-Katrin Nyhus, Glenn Strømstad, Karl Magnus Mangerud, Jan Helgerud, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Øyvind Støren
PURPOSE: It remains to be established how high-intensity aerobic interval training (HAIT) affects risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes (TD2). This study investigated effects of HAIT on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), glycated Hemoglobin type A1C (HbA1c), insulin resistance (IR), fat oxidation (FatOx), body weight (BW), percent body fat (%BF), lactate threshold (LT), blood pressure (BP), and blood lipid profile (BLP) among persons with T2D. Results were compared to the effects after a moderate-intensity training (MIT) program...
March 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Kristoffer Andresen, Jacob Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: For the repair of inguinal hernias, several surgical methods have been presented where the purpose is to place a mesh in the preperitoneal plane through an open access. The aim of this systematic review was to describe preperitoneal repairs with emphasis on the technique. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was conducted and reported according to the PRISMA statement. PubMed, Cochrane library and Embase were searched systematically. Studies were included if they provided clinical data with more than 30 days follow up following repair of an inguinal hernia with an open preperitoneal mesh technique...
June 2017: American Journal of Surgery
Jelmer Westra, Shengxian Tu, Louise Nissen, Simon Winther, Mai Britt, Birgitte Krogsgaard Andersen, Emil Holck, Camilla Fox Maule, Lars Frost, Lene Nyhus Andreasen, Jo Simonsen, Yimin Zhang, Steen Dalby Kristensen, Michael Maeng, Anne Kaltoft, Christian Terkelsen, Lars Romer Krussell, Lars Jakobsen, Johan Reiber, Jens Flensted Lassen, Morten Bottcher, Hans Erik Botker, Evald Christiansen, Niels Holm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Song-Lin Ding, Joshua J Royall, Susan M Sunkin, Lydia Ng, Benjamin A C Facer, Phil Lesnar, Angie Guillozet-Bongaarts, Bergen McMurray, Aaron Szafer, Tim A Dolbeare, Allison Stevens, Lee Tirrell, Thomas Benner, Shiella Caldejon, Rachel A Dalley, Nick Dee, Christopher Lau, Julie Nyhus, Melissa Reding, Zackery L Riley, David Sandman, Elaine Shen, Andre van der Kouwe, Ani Varjabedian, Michelle Write, Lilla Zollei, Chinh Dang, James A Knowles, Christof Koch, John W Phillips, Nenad Sestan, Paul Wohnoutka, H Ronald Zielke, John G Hohmann, Allan R Jones, Amy Bernard, Michael J Hawrylycz, Patrick R Hof, Bruce Fischl, Ed S LeinReference
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
J K M Fan, J Yip, D C C Foo, O S H Lo, W L Law
OBJECTIVES: The use of absorbable polylactic acid hook self-gripping polypropylene mesh in open inguinal hernia may potentially reduce operative time and enhance patient recovery. The objective of this randomized trial is to compare the outcomes following self-gripping mesh repair to polypropylene mesh secured with sutures in open inguinal hernioplasty. METHOD: Eligible patients aged 18-80 years old, who had primary unilateral uncomplicated inguinal hernia, were randomized into either Polypropylene (PL) group or PROGRIP (PG) group just before the placement of mesh intra-operatively by computer generated code...
February 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Margaret Benjamin Lyatuu, Temina Mkumbwa, Raz Stevenson, Marissa Isidro, Francis Modaha, Heather Katcher, Christina Nyhus Dhillon
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiency in Tanzania is a significant public health problem, with vitamin A deficiency (VAD) affecting 34% of children aged 6 to 59 months. Since 2007, development partners have worked closely to advocate for the inclusion of twice-yearly vitamin A supplementation and deworming (VASD) activities with budgets at the subnational level, where funding and implementation occur. As part of the advocacy work, a VASD planning and budgeting tool (PBT) was developed and is used by district officials to justify allocation of funds...
May 3, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Song-Lin Ding, Joshua J Royall, Susan M Sunkin, Lydia Ng, Benjamin A C Facer, Phil Lesnar, Angie Guillozet-Bongaarts, Bergen McMurray, Aaron Szafer, Tim A Dolbeare, Allison Stevens, Lee Tirrell, Thomas Benner, Shiella Caldejon, Rachel A Dalley, Nick Dee, Christopher Lau, Julie Nyhus, Melissa Reding, Zackery L Riley, David Sandman, Elaine Shen, Andre van der Kouwe, Ani Varjabedian, Michelle Write, Lilla Zollei, Chinh Dang, James A Knowles, Christof Koch, John W Phillips, Nenad Sestan, Paul Wohnoutka, H Ronald Zielke, John G Hohmann, Allan R Jones, Amy Bernard, Michael J Hawrylycz, Patrick R Hof, Bruce Fischl, Ed S Lein
Detailed anatomical understanding of the human brain is essential for unraveling its functional architecture, yet current reference atlases have major limitations such as lack of whole-brain coverage, relatively low image resolution, and sparse structural annotation. We present the first digital human brain atlas to incorporate neuroimaging, high-resolution histology, and chemoarchitecture across a complete adult female brain, consisting of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and 1,356 large-format cellular resolution (1 µm/pixel) Nissl and immunohistochemistry anatomical plates...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Trygve E Bakken, Jeremy A Miller, Song-Lin Ding, Susan M Sunkin, Kimberly A Smith, Lydia Ng, Aaron Szafer, Rachel A Dalley, Joshua J Royall, Tracy Lemon, Sheila Shapouri, Kaylynn Aiona, James Arnold, Jeffrey L Bennett, Darren Bertagnolli, Kristopher Bickley, Andrew Boe, Krissy Brouner, Stephanie Butler, Emi Byrnes, Shiella Caldejon, Anita Carey, Shelby Cate, Mike Chapin, Jefferey Chen, Nick Dee, Tsega Desta, Tim A Dolbeare, Nadia Dotson, Amanda Ebbert, Erich Fulfs, Garrett Gee, Terri L Gilbert, Jeff Goldy, Lindsey Gourley, Ben Gregor, Guangyu Gu, Jon Hall, Zeb Haradon, David R Haynor, Nika Hejazinia, Anna Hoerder-Suabedissen, Robert Howard, Jay Jochim, Marty Kinnunen, Ali Kriedberg, Chihchau L Kuan, Christopher Lau, Chang-Kyu Lee, Felix Lee, Lon Luong, Naveed Mastan, Ryan May, Jose Melchor, Nerick Mosqueda, Erika Mott, Kiet Ngo, Julie Nyhus, Aaron Oldre, Eric Olson, Jody Parente, Patrick D Parker, Sheana Parry, Julie Pendergraft, Lydia Potekhina, Melissa Reding, Zackery L Riley, Tyson Roberts, Brandon Rogers, Kate Roll, David Rosen, David Sandman, Melaine Sarreal, Nadiya Shapovalova, Shu Shi, Nathan Sjoquist, Andy J Sodt, Robbie Townsend, Lissette Velasquez, Udi Wagley, Wayne B Wakeman, Cassandra White, Crissa Bennett, Jennifer Wu, Rob Young, Brian L Youngstrom, Paul Wohnoutka, Richard A Gibbs, Jeffrey Rogers, John G Hohmann, Michael J Hawrylycz, Robert F Hevner, Zoltán Molnár, John W Phillips, Chinh Dang, Allan R Jones, David G Amaral, Amy Bernard, Ed S Lein
The transcriptional underpinnings of brain development remain poorly understood, particularly in humans and closely related non-human primates. We describe a high-resolution transcriptional atlas of rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) brain development that combines dense temporal sampling of prenatal and postnatal periods with fine anatomical division of cortical and subcortical regions associated with human neuropsychiatric disease. Gene expression changes more rapidly before birth, both in progenitor cells and maturing neurons...
July 21, 2016: Nature
Erika Nyhus, Nancy Curtis
Electroencephalogram (EEG) is a relatively non-invasive, simple technique, and recent advances in open source analysis tools make it feasible to implement EEG as a component in undergraduate neuroscience curriculum. We have successfully led students to design novel experiments, record EEG data, and analyze event-related potentials (ERPs) during a one-semester laboratory course for undergraduates in cognitive neuroscience. First, students learned how to set up an EEG recording and completed an analysis tutorial...
2016: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
Preston L Carter
A brief history of the seminal contributions of Stoppa and Nyhus to inguinal hernia surgery.
May 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Roland Kupka, Jennifer Nielsen, Christina Nyhus Dhillon, Jessica Blankenship, Marjorie J Haskell, Shawn K Baker, Kenneth H Brown
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) among children 6 to 59 months of age reduces vitamin A deficiency (VAD)-related mortality. Child health days (CHDs) only reach an estimated 16.7% of children at exactly 6 months, leaving uncovered children at risk of VAD-related mortality; similarly, VAS provided at 9 months of age with measles-containing vaccine leaves infants unprotected for 3 months. OBJECTIVE: Using data from sub-Saharan Africa, we estimated the mortality benefits and safety of providing VAS at age 6 months, compared to delivery through CHDs and at 9 months...
May 5, 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Eva Maria Støa, Lill-Katrin Nyhus, Sandra Claveau Børresen, Caroline Nygaard, Åse Marie Hovet, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Jan Helgerud, Øyvind Støren
Indirect calorimetry is a common and noninvasive method to estimate rate of fat oxidation (FatOx) during exercise, and test-retest reliability should be considered when interpreting results. Diet also has an impact on FatOx. The aim of the present study was to investigate day to day variations in FatOx during moderate exercise given the same diet and 2 different isoenergetic diets. Nine healthy, moderately-trained females participated in the study. They performed 1 maximal oxygen uptake test and 4 FatOx tests...
April 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Yi Pan, Carsten Brink, Marianne Knap, Azza A Khalil, Christa H Nyhus, Tine McCulloch, Bente Holm, Yi-long Wu, Tine Schytte, Olfred Hansen
PURPOSE: Esophagitis is common in patients treated with definitive radiotherapy for local-regional advanced non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The purpose of this study was to estimate the dose-effect relationship using clinical and dosimetric parameters in patients receiving intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and concomitant chemotherapy (CCT). METHODS: Between 2009 and 2013, 117 patients with stages IIB-IIIB NSCLC were treated in a multicenter randomized phase II trial with 2 cycles of induction chemotherapy followed by IMRT and CCT...
March 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Robert S Ross, Paolo Medrano, Kaitlin Boyle, Andrew Smolen, Tim Curran, Erika Nyhus
Recognition memory is defined as the ability to recognize a previously encountered stimulus and has been associated with spatially and temporally distinct event-related potentials (ERPs). Allelic variations of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) have recently been shown to impact memory performance. Common variants of the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5HTTLPR) of the SLC6A4 gene result in long (l) and short (s) allelic variants with carriers of the s allele having lowered transcriptional efficiency...
November 2015: Neuropsychologia
Anna Kopf, Mesude Bicak, Renzo Kottmann, Julia Schnetzer, Ivaylo Kostadinov, Katja Lehmann, Antonio Fernandez-Guerra, Christian Jeanthon, Eyal Rahav, Matthias Ullrich, Antje Wichels, Gunnar Gerdts, Paraskevi Polymenakou, Giorgos Kotoulas, Rania Siam, Rehab Z Abdallah, Eva C Sonnenschein, Thierry Cariou, Fergal O'Gara, Stephen Jackson, Sandi Orlic, Michael Steinke, Julia Busch, Bernardo Duarte, Isabel Caçador, João Canning-Clode, Oleksandra Bobrova, Viggo Marteinsson, Eyjolfur Reynisson, Clara Magalhães Loureiro, Gian Marco Luna, Grazia Marina Quero, Carolin R Löscher, Anke Kremp, Marie E DeLorenzo, Lise Øvreås, Jennifer Tolman, Julie LaRoche, Antonella Penna, Marc Frischer, Timothy Davis, Barker Katherine, Christopher P Meyer, Sandra Ramos, Catarina Magalhães, Florence Jude-Lemeilleur, Ma Leopoldina Aguirre-Macedo, Shiao Wang, Nicole Poulton, Scott Jones, Rachel Collin, Jed A Fuhrman, Pascal Conan, Cecilia Alonso, Noga Stambler, Kelly Goodwin, Michael M Yakimov, Federico Baltar, Levente Bodrossy, Jodie Van De Kamp, Dion Mf Frampton, Martin Ostrowski, Paul Van Ruth, Paul Malthouse, Simon Claus, Klaas Deneudt, Jonas Mortelmans, Sophie Pitois, David Wallom, Ian Salter, Rodrigo Costa, Declan C Schroeder, Mahrous M Kandil, Valentina Amaral, Florencia Biancalana, Rafael Santana, Maria Luiza Pedrotti, Takashi Yoshida, Hiroyuki Ogata, Tim Ingleton, Kate Munnik, Naiara Rodriguez-Ezpeleta, Veronique Berteaux-Lecellier, Patricia Wecker, Ibon Cancio, Daniel Vaulot, Christina Bienhold, Hassan Ghazal, Bouchra Chaouni, Soumya Essayeh, Sara Ettamimi, El Houcine Zaid, Noureddine Boukhatem, Abderrahim Bouali, Rajaa Chahboune, Said Barrijal, Mohammed Timinouni, Fatima El Otmani, Mohamed Bennani, Marianna Mea, Nadezhda Todorova, Ventzislav Karamfilov, Petra Ten Hoopen, Guy Cochrane, Stephane L'Haridon, Kemal Can Bizsel, Alessandro Vezzi, Federico M Lauro, Patrick Martin, Rachelle M Jensen, Jamie Hinks, Susan Gebbels, Riccardo Rosselli, Fabio De Pascale, Riccardo Schiavon, Antonina Dos Santos, Emilie Villar, Stéphane Pesant, Bruno Cataletto, Francesca Malfatti, Ranjith Edirisinghe, Jorge A Herrera Silveira, Michele Barbier, Valentina Turk, Tinkara Tinta, Wayne J Fuller, Ilkay Salihoglu, Nedime Serakinci, Mahmut Cerkez Ergoren, Eileen Bresnan, Juan Iriberri, Paul Anders Fronth Nyhus, Edvardsen Bente, Hans Erik Karlsen, Peter N Golyshin, Josep M Gasol, Snejana Moncheva, Nina Dzhembekova, Zackary Johnson, Christopher David Sinigalliano, Maribeth Louise Gidley, Adriana Zingone, Roberto Danovaro, George Tsiamis, Melody S Clark, Ana Cristina Costa, Monia El Bour, Ana M Martins, R Eric Collins, Anne-Lise Ducluzeau, Jonathan Martinez, Mark J Costello, Linda A Amaral-Zettler, Jack A Gilbert, Neil Davies, Dawn Field, Frank Oliver Glöckner
Ocean Sampling Day was initiated by the EU-funded Micro B3 (Marine Microbial Biodiversity, Bioinformatics, Biotechnology) project to obtain a snapshot of the marine microbial biodiversity and function of the world's oceans. It is a simultaneous global mega-sequencing campaign aiming to generate the largest standardized microbial data set in a single day. This will be achievable only through the coordinated efforts of an Ocean Sampling Day Consortium, supportive partnerships and networks between sites. This commentary outlines the establishment, function and aims of the Consortium and describes our vision for a sustainable study of marine microbial communities and their embedded functional traits...
2015: GigaScience
K Tomaoglu, Y S Sarı, H Bektas, O Koc, E Gunes, G Uzum, M Kucukyılmaz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present randomized trial was to compare the Jean Rives (JR) technique and the laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair for the treatment of primary inguinal hernias with respect to operating time, hospital stay, sick leave, chronic pain and recurrences after a follow-up of 10 years. METHODS: 110 patients with primary inguinal hernia were randomized to either a JR repair (53 patients) or to a laparoscopic (TEP) repair (57 patients)...
June 2015: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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