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Mona C Gjessing, Maria Aamelfot, William N Batts, Sylvie L Benestad, Ole B Dale, Even Thoen, Simon C Weli, James R Winton
Gill disease in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., causes big losses in the salmon farming industry. Until now, tools to cultivate microorganisms causing gill disease and models to study the gill responses have been lacking. Here we describe the establishment and characterization of two cell lines from the gills of Atlantic salmon. Atlantic salmon gill cell ASG-10 consisted of cells staining for cytokeratin and e-cadherin and with desmosomes as seen by transmission electron microscopy suggesting the cells to be of epithelial origin...
2018: PloS One
Chihiro Namatame, Tomohiro Sonoo, Kazutaka Fukushima, Hiromu Naraba, Hideki Hashimoto, Kensuke Nakamura
RATIONALE: Various neurological manifestations are observed in thyroid storm patients but protracted disturbance of consciousness is rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 58-year-old male was admitted to our hospital after a traffic accident. DIAGNOSES: Although awake on arrival, he fell into coma after admission. Based on the clinical symptoms and hyperthyroidism, the patient was diagnosed with thyroid storm (TS). INTERVENTIONS: Even after improvement of hyperthyroidism, disturbance of consciousness was protracted...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kazuhide Shimizu, Masayuki Nitta, Takashi Komori, Takashi Maruyama, Takayuki Yasuda, Yu Fujii, Ken Masamune, Takakazu Kawamata, Taketoshi Maehara, Yoshihiro Muragaki
Objective: The goal of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of intraoperative photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) of malignant glioma using the fluorescence from talaporfin sodium (TS), which is used simultaneously for photodynamic therapy (PDT). Methods: Patients with suspected primary malignant glioma who were eligible for surgical removal of the tumor and PDT with TS were enrolled in this prospective study. Tissue samples were obtained from the contrast-enhanced (CE) region and from the surrounding non-contrast-enhanced (NCE) marginal tissue at the boundary between the tumor and normal tissue...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Dhananjay K Chavan, Dhanraj D Chavan, Balkrishna P Nikam, Mohan S Kale, Varsha P Jamale, Shruti D Chavan
Context: Trichostasis spinulosa (TS) is a common but underdiagnosed follicular disorder involving retention of successive telogen hair in the hair follicle. Laser hair removal is a newer treatment modality for TS with promising results. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of 800 nm diode laser to treat TS in Asian patients. Subjects and Methods: We treated 50 Indian subjects (Fitzpatrick skin phototype IV-V) with untreated trichostasis spinulosa on the nose with 800 nm diode laser at fluence ranging from 22 to 30 J/cm 2 and pulse width of 30 ms...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Umamaheswari Gurusamy, Chaitra Venkataswamy, Ammu Sivaraman
Background: Histopathological study of alopecia generally requires both vertical and transverse sections (VS and TS) and this may demand the need for multiple scalp biopsy samples. Here, we suggest a new processing technique which provides both VS and TS from a single biopsy, thus making the interpretation easier. Materials and Methods: All formalin-fixed scalp biopsy specimens were processed routinely. Nine VS were taken and mounted on 3 glass slides. The block was then melted and the tissue reembedded with the subcutaneous tissue facing downward and the epidermal aspect toward the technician to obtain TSs...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Karen O Klein, Robert Rosenfield, Richard J Santen, Aneta Gawlik, Philippe Backeljauw, Claus H Gravholt, Theo Sas, Nelly Mauras
Context: Most girls with Turner Syndrome have hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and need hormonal replacement - for induction of puberty and later maintaining secondary sex characteristics, attaining peak bone mass, and uterine growth. The optimal estrogen replacement regimen is still being studied. Evidence Acquisition: We conducted a systematic search of PubMed for research related to TS and puberty, including key words: estrogen, growth, puberty. Evidence Synthesis: The goals of replacement are to mimic normal timing and progression of physical and social development while minimizing risks...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Yue-Guang Du, Ke-Na Zhang, Zong-Lei Gao, Fengjiao Dai, Xi-Xi Wu, Ke-Fu Chai
The present study investigated the mechanism underlying the anti-inflammatory effects of Tangshen formula (TS) in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with diabetic nephropathy (DN). A rat model of DN was established by intraperitoneal injection of 1% (40 mg/kg) streptozotocin and administration of a high fat and glucose diet. Subsequently, SD rats were randomly divided into six groups (n=8): A DN group, a valsartan group, a high-dose TS group, a middle-dose TS group, a low-dose TS group and a control group with normal SD rats...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Baodi Zhang, Jia Wei, Xuan Wu, Lei Wang, Hongdan Huo, Junrong Wang
Transurethral plasma kinetic resection is an efficient and safe surgery for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Solifenacin succinate (SOL) is safe and clinically efficient for patients who endure transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) during the perioperative period. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical optimal dose of SOL for nursing patients after TURP during the perioperative period. Patients were recruited and randomized into three groups: SOL (3 mg), SOL (6 mg), and SOL (10 mg)...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Anelyssa D'Abreu, Umer Akbar, Joseph H Friedman
The term tardive syndrome (TS) encompasses a few different phenomenologic conditions, some of which occur in isolation and others in association with each other. This, along with the unusual confound for a drug side effect, in which increased use of the drug improves the problem, and the need for most patients to continue taking the offending drug, makes understanding the epidemiology difficult and unreliable. While the change from the "first generation" to the "second generation" of antipsychotic drugs is generally believed to have reduced the incidence of TS, prospective research studies have not supported that contention...
February 5, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Karen Frei, Daniel D Truong, Stanley Fahn, Joseph Jankovic, Robert A Hauser
Since the original description of side effects of neuroleptics, different terminologies and definitions for tardive dyskinesia (TD) and tardive syndrome (TS) have been used by different authors, and often these two terms have been used interchangeably. This paper proposes a nosology designed to define and clarify various terms and phenomenologies within the TS spectrum. We propose to use the term tardive dyskinesia to refer to the original description of repetitive and complex oral-buccal-lingual (OBL) movements, as well as to the analogous repetitive movements that can appear in the limbs, trunk, or pelvis...
February 6, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Angelika H Claussen, Rebecca H Bitsko, Joseph R Holbrook, Jeanette Bloomfield, Kathy Giordano
OBJECTIVE: Children with Tourette syndrome (TS) are at risk for a variety of co-occurring conditions and learning and school problems. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of TS and co-occurring conditions on school measures. METHODS: Parent-reported data from the 2007-2008 and 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health were combined (n = 129,353 children aged 6-17 yrs). Parent report of health care provider diagnosis of TS; co-occurring mental, emotional, and behavioral conditions; learning and language conditions; and school measures were assessed...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Xiao Shan, David C Clary
The rate constants of the two branches of H-abstractions from CH3OH by the H-atom and the corresponding reactions in the reverse direction are calculated using the one-dimensional semiclassical transition state theory (1D SCTST). In this method, only the reaction mode vibration of the transition state (TS) is treated anharmonically, while the remaining internal degrees of freedom are treated as they would have been in a standard TS theory calculation. A total of eight ab initio single-point energy calculations are performed in addition to the computational cost of a standard TS theory calculation...
March 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Keith T Kuwata, Lina Luu, Alexander B Weberg, Ke Huang, Austin J Parsons, Liam A Peebles, Nathan B Rackstraw, Min Ji Kim
The vinyl hydroperoxide (VHP), the major isomerization product of the syn-alkyl Criegee intermediate (CI) formed in alkene ozonolysis, is a direct precursor of hydroxyl radical (OH), the most important oxidant in the troposphere. While simulations of CI reactivity have usually assumed the VHP to be a prompt and quantitative source of OH, recent quantum chemical studies have revealed subtleties in VHP reactivity such as a barrier to peroxy bond homolysis and a possible rearrangement to a hydroxycarbonyl. In this work, we use M06-L, Weizmann-1 Brueckner Doubles, and equation-of-motion spin-flip coupled-cluster theories to calculate a comprehensive reaction mechanism for the syn and anti conformers of the parent VHP formed in trans-2-butene ozonolysis and the 1-methyl VHP formed in 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene ozonolysis...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Connor Puett, Christina Inscoe, Yueh Z Lee, Otto Zhou, Jianping Lu
Stationary digital breast tomosynthesis (sDBT) is an emerging technology in which the single rotating x-ray tube is replaced by a fixed array of multiple carbon nanotube-enabled sources, providing a higher spatial and temporal resolution. As such, sDBT offers a promising platform for contrast-enhanced (CE) imaging. However, given the minimal enhancement above background with standard operational tube settings and iodine dosing, CE breast imaging requires additional acquisition steps to isolate the iodine signal, using either temporal or dual energy subtraction (TS or DES) protocols...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Uma Kaimal Saikia, Dipti Sarma, Yogesh Yadav
Background: Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal disorder associated with dysmorphic features and comorbidities, with recent trends focusing on early diagnosis for adequate management. Aim: The aim is to study the age and mode of presentation of TS, associated comorbidities and look for any correlation with the genotype. Material and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of girls with TS attending the endocrinology clinic of a tertiary care center...
October 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
Moshe Loebenstein, John Hutson, Ruili Li
BACKGROUND: In congenital undescended testis (UDT) in humans, thermal insult damages early germ cell development during mini-puberty (3-6months) causing increased risk of both cancer and infertility. In rodents however, UDT causes infertility but not cancer. In the TS rat with congenital UDT we hypothesized that early germ cell development would be normal as UDT only becomes manifest at 3-4weeks (and the germ cells only become sensitive to thermal injury) after minipuberty is complete at 1week...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Hongmei Liao, Lifen Jiang, Yuliang Cheng, Xiaojun Liao, Ruirui Zhang
The effects of thermosonication (TS) and 100 ppm nisin-assisted TS (TS + nisin) on the inactivation of naturally occurring microorganisms, retention of nutritional quality and extension of shelf life of fresh apple juice were evaluated, with nisin and mild heat (nisin + MH) treatments as control. Fresh apple juice was addressed by nisin + MH, TS and TS + nisin at 37, 42, 47, and 52 °C for 5-40 min. After processing, microbial growth was evaluated during storage at 8 °C at every 5 days...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
M Granell Gil, P Solís Albamonte, C Córdova Hernández, I Cobo, R Guijarro, J A de Andrés Ibañez
Lung isolation in thoracic surgery is a challenge, this is even more complex in the presence of unknown tracheal stenosis (TS). We report two cases of unknown TS and its airway management. TS appears most frequently after long term intubation close to the endotracheal tube cuff or in the stoma of tracheostomy that appears as a consequence of the granulation tissue after the surgical opening of the trachea. Clinical history, physical examination, difficult intubating predictors and imaging tests (CT scans) are crucial, however most of tracheal stenosis may be unnoticed and symptoms depend on the degree of obstruction...
February 8, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Karla Esbona, Yanyao Yi, Sandeep Saha, Menggang Yu, Rachel R Van Doorn, Matthew W Conklin, Douglas S Graham, Kari B Wisinski, Suzanne M Ponik, Kevin W Eliceiri, Lee G Wilke, Patricia J Keely
Inflammation, and the organization of collagen in the breast tumor microenvironment, is an important mediator of breast tumor progression. However, a direct link between markers of inflammation, collagen organization, and patient outcome has yet to be established. A tumor microarray of 371 invasive breast carcinoma biopsy specimens was analyzed for expression of inflammatory markers, including cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), macrophages, and several collagen features in the tumor nest (TN) or the tumor-associated stroma (TS)...
February 3, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Jianmin Zhao, Jiaxi Gao, Ting Zheng, Zhehan Yang, Yaqin Chai, Shihong Chen, Ruo Yuan, Wenju Xu
The portable and rapid detection of biomolecules via pH meters to monitor the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) from biological reactions (e.g. loop-mediated isothermal amplification, LAMP) has attracted research interest. However, this assay strategy suffered from inherent drawback of low sensitivity, resulting in great limitations in practical applications. Herein, a novel electrochemical biosensor was constructed for highly sensitive detection of Nosema bombycis gene DNA (PTP1) through transducing chemical stimuli H+ from PTP1-based LAMP into electrochemical output signal of electroactive ferrocene (Fc)...
February 2, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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