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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812086/tuberculosis-disease-during-pregnancy-and-treatment-outcomes-in-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-women-at-a-referral-hospital-in-cape-town
#1
Adrie Bekker, Hendrik S Schaaf, Heather R Draper, Magdalena Kriel, Anneke C Hesseling
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis during pregnancy and treatment outcomes are poorly defined in high prevalence tuberculosis and HIV settings. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of pregnant and postpartum women identified to be routinely on antituberculosis treatment was conducted at Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, from January 2011 through December 2011. Maternal tuberculosis disease spectrum and tuberculosis-exposed newborns were characterized by maternal HIV status...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801485/what-are-the-prognostic-factors-in-the-delivery-of-the-second-twin
#2
Dhia Mekki, Mechaal Mourali, Lassad Mekaouer, Faouzia Hemila, Chiraz El Fekih
Objective To evaluate the prognosis of the second twin according to different criteria (presentation, mode of delivery , term, weight, weight difference between twins ,twin to twin delivery time interval, studying the Apgar scores at birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Materials and Methods This is a retrospective study of 183 parturients carrying twin pregnancies collected at the department of Obstetrics-Gynecology in Mahmoud Matri Hospital (Ariana) over a period of 9 years ( 1st January 2001 to 31st December, 2009 ) ...
May 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769193/maternal-near-miss-and-quality-of-care-in-a-rural-rwandan-hospital
#3
Richard Kalisa, Stephen Rulisa, Thomas van den Akker, Jos van Roosmalen
BACKGROUND: The WHO Maternal Near Miss (MNM) approach was developed to evaluate and improve quality of obstetric care worldwide. This study aimed to study the incidence of MNM and quality of care at a district hospital in rural Rwanda by applying this approach. METHODS: A facility based, prospective cohort study conducted at a district hospital in rural Rwanda between June 2013 and December 2014. Subjects were followed from time of admission to discharge or death...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682544/deliver-twins-at-37-weeks-to-give-them-the-best-chance
#4
(no author information available yet)
Twins should be delivered at 37 weeks to minimise stillbirths and newborn deaths, say experts who analysed more than 35,000 twin pregnancies.
September 28, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645498/undernutrition-and-malaria-in-pregnancy-a-dangerous-dyad
#5
EDITORIAL
Holger W Unger, Per Ashorn, Jordan E Cates, Kathryn G Dewey, Stephen J Rogerson
BACKGROUND: In low-resource settings, malaria and macronutrient undernutrition are major health problems in pregnancy, contributing significantly to adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth and fetal growth restriction. Affected pregnancies may result in stillbirth and neonatal death, and surviving children are at risk of poor growth and infection in infancy, and of non-communicable diseases in adulthood. Populations exposed to macronutrient undernutrition frequently reside in malaria-endemic areas, and seasonal peaks of low food supply and malaria transmission tend to coincide...
September 19, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645282/how-much-have-we-learned-from-time-lapse-in-clinical-ivf
#6
D Castelló, Y Motato, N Basile, J Remohí, M Espejo-Catena, M Meseguer
Can the time-lapse system (TLS) identify the best embryo for transfer? Although there are several studies that support this hypothesis, more research is required to improve the quality of the current evidence and also to assess live birth rate, miscarriage, stillbirth or clinical pregnancy in order to choose between a TLS or conventional incubation. In addition, although some authors report on effectiveness and safety in the use of TLS monitoring of embryo development in vitro, other authors that have not found relevant differences between the two systems for the culture and subsequence embryo selection...
October 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642062/perinatal-outcome-in-pregnant-women-with-cancer-are-there-any-effects-of-chemotherapy
#7
S Garofalo, V A Degennaro, S Salvi, M P De Carolis, G Capelli, S Ferrazzani, S De Carolis, A Lanzone
Cancer is the leading cause of death in women of reproductive age. During the last decades and especially in developed countries, the incidence of cancer is increasing dramatically, with an incidence of 1 in 1,000 pregnancies. This is mostly related to delay of pregnancy into the late reproductive years. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of pregnancy in women with diagnosis of cancer; in particular, neonatal morbidity and mortality, after in utero exposure to chemotherapy, were evaluated...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599496/prospective-risk-of-stillbirth-and-neonatal-complications-in-twin-pregnancies-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Fiona Cheong-See, Ewoud Schuit, David Arroyo-Manzano, Asma Khalil, Jon Barrett, K S Joseph, Elizabeth Asztalos, Karien Hack, Liesbeth Lewi, Arianne Lim, Sophie Liem, Jane E Norman, John Morrison, C Andrew Combs, Thomas J Garite, Kimberly Maurel, Vicente Serra, Alfredo Perales, Line Rode, Katharina Worda, Anwar Nassar, Mona Aboulghar, Dwight Rouse, Elizabeth Thom, Fionnuala Breathnach, Soichiro Nakayama, Francesca Maria Russo, Julian N Robinson, Jodie M Dodd, Roger B Newman, Sohinee Bhattacharya, Selphee Tang, Ben Willem J Mol, Javier Zamora, Basky Thilaganathan, Shakila Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risks of stillbirth and neonatal complications by gestational age in uncomplicated monochorionic and dichorionic twin pregnancies. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases (until December 2015). REVIEW METHODS: Databases were searched without language restrictions for studies of women with uncomplicated twin pregnancies that reported rates of stillbirth and neonatal outcomes at various gestational ages...
September 6, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592442/clinical-response-after-chitosan-microparticle-administration-and-preliminary-assessment-of-efficacy-in-preventing-metritis-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#9
R Daetz, F Cunha, J H Bittar, C A Risco, F Magalhaes, Y Maeda, J E P Santos, K C Jeong, R F Cooke, K N Galvão
The objectives were to evaluate the clinical response to intrauterine administration of chitosan microparticles (CM) and to assess efficacy for preventing metritis in dairy cows. Holstein cows (n = 104; 40 primiparous and 64 multiparous) at increased risk for metritis (cows that had abortion, dystocia, twins, stillbirth, or retained placenta) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatments at 1 d in milk (DIM; 24 h postpartum): CM group (n = 52), daily intrauterine infusion of 8 g of CM dissolved in 40 mL of sterile water for 5 d; control (CON) group (n = 52), daily intrauterine infusion of 40 mL of sterile water for 5 d...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552976/evaluation-of-pregnancy-outcomes-from-the-tysabri%C3%A2-natalizumab-pregnancy-exposure-registry-a-global-observational-follow-up-study
#10
Susan Friend, Sandra Richman, Gary Bloomgren, Lynda M Cristiano, Madé Wenten
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) or Crohn's disease (CD) being treated with natalizumab (Tysabri®, Biogen) who are planning to become pregnant or discover they are pregnant after exposure to natalizumab are currently advised to balance the potential benefits and potential risks of exposure when considering treatment options. This study was undertaken to evaluate pregnancy outcomes of women with MS or CD who were exposed to natalizumab at any time within 3 months prior to conception or during pregnancy...
August 24, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546016/concurrence-of-gestational-diabetes-and-pre-gravid-obesity-diabesity-in-twin-gestations
#11
Teresinha Simões, Alexandra Queirós, Sandra Valdoleiros, Ana Teresa Marujo, Nisa Felix, Isaac Blickstein
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of the concurrence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and pre-gravid obesity in twin gestations ("diabesity"). METHODS: We compared perinatal outcomes of twin gestation in mothers with GDM and pre-gravid obesity (1.7%), mothers with GDM but with normal BMI (6.2%), and obese mothers without GDM (7.0%). RESULTS: Twin pregnancies with "diabesity" were associated with significantly higher incidence of stillbirth (OR = 6...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452785/early-neonatal-lamb-mortality-postmortem-findings
#12
I H Holmøy, S Waage, E G Granquist, T M L'Abée-Lund, C Ersdal, L Hektoen, R Sørby
An investigation of stillbirth and early neonatal lamb mortality was conducted in sheep flocks in Norway. Knowledge of actual causes of death are important to aid the interpretation of results obtained during studies assessing the risk factors for lamb mortality, and when tailoring preventive measures at the flock, ewe and individual lamb level. This paper reports on the postmortem findings in 270 liveborn lambs that died during the first 5 days after birth. The lambs were from 17 flocks in six counties. A total of 27% died within 3 h after birth, 41% within 24 h and 80% within 2 days...
July 25, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443356/neurodevelopmental-disorders-or-early-death-in-siblings-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
Mette C Tollånes, Allen J Wilcox, Camilla Stoltenberg, Rolv T Lie, Dag Moster
OBJECTIVES: To explore the presence of shared underlying causes of cerebral palsy (CP) and other neurodevelopmental disorders, by examining risks of other disorders in siblings of children with CP. METHODS: We used Norwegian national registries to identify 1.4 million pairs of full siblings (singletons) and 28 000 sets of twins born from 1967 to 2006, identify stillbirths and neonatal deaths, and find individuals with CP, epilepsy, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, blindness, deafness, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439998/the-impact-of-gender-on-anthropometric-measures-of-twins
#14
Shayesteh Jahanfar, Kenneth Lim
INTRODUCTION: Literature suggests that male hormones influence fetal growth in singleton pregnancies. We hypothesized that the same phenomenon is seen in twin gestations. OBJECTIVES: (1) to identify the impact of gender associated with fetal birth weight, head circumference, and birth length for twins; (2) to examine the effect of gender on standardized fetal growth at birth, according to gestational age and birth order; (3) to examine the effect of gender on placenta weight and dimensions...
December 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423947/effects-of-oral-calcium-supplementation-on-mineral-and-acid-base-status-energy-metabolites-and-health-of-postpartum-dairy-cows
#15
N Martinez, L D P Sinedino, R S Bisinotto, R Daetz, C Lopera, C A Risco, K N Galvão, W W Thatcher, J E P Santos
Two experiments were conducted to characterize blood concentrations of minerals and acid-base status after oral dosing of Ca salts and to determine the effects of oral Ca on mineral and metabolic status and incidence diseases. The hypotheses were that administration of oral Ca as CaCl2 and CaSO4 maintains blood total Ca (tCa) concentrations ≥2.125 mM and reduces the incidence of diseases in early lactation. In experiment 1, 18 Holstein cows on the day of calving were assigned to receive a single dose of 0, 43, or 86g of Ca as an oral bolus...
October 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423945/effects-of-oral-calcium-supplementation-on-productive-and-reproductive-performance-in-holstein-cows
#16
N Martinez, L D P Sinedino, R S Bisinotto, R Daetz, C A Risco, K N Galvão, W W Thatcher, J E P Santos
The objectives of this experiment were to determine the effects of oral Ca supplementation on milk yield, body condition, pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI), and days to pregnancy in Holstein cows considered to be of low (LRM; no calving assistance, live singleton without retained placenta) or high (HRM; at least one of the following: dystocia, twins, stillbirth, retained placenta, or vulvo-vaginal laceration) risk of developing metritis. The hypotheses were that oral Ca supplementation during the early postpartum period would reduce the loss of body condition and improve lactation performance and reproduction...
October 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365291/predictors-and-outcomes-of-low-birth-weight-in-lusaka-zambia
#17
Carla J Chibwesha, Arianna Zanolini, Marcela Smid, Bellington Vwalika, Margaret Phiri Kasaro, Mulindi Mwanahamuntu, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Elizabeth M Stringer
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) in an urban Zambian cohort and investigate risk of adverse outcomes for LBW neonates. METHODS: The present retrospective cohort analysis used data recorded between February 2006 and December 2012 for singletons and first-born twins delivered in the public health system of Lusaka, Zambia. Routine clinical data and generalized estimating equations were used to examine covariates associated with LBW (<2500 g) and describe outcomes of LBW...
September 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342094/involuntary-reduction-in-vigour-of-calves-born-from-sexed-semen
#18
Radica Djedović, Vladan Bogdanović, Dragan Stanojević, Zsolt Nemes, András Gáspárdy, Sándor Cseh
The objective of this study was to compare the reproductive traits of heifers and the development characteristics of their calves following artificial insemination (AI) with sexed and non-sexed semen. The analysed characteristics included conception rate, gestation length, calf birth weight, calf vigour, stillbirth rate, and twinning rate. Data of 530 calves produced with sexed and 1,163 calves produced with non-sexed semen were analysed. The General Linear Model (GLM) was applied to assess the influence of semen type, farm, season of insemination, the calf's sex and the inseminating sire on gestation length and calf birth weight...
June 2016: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171760/optimal-threshold-for-birth-weight-discordance-does-knowledge-of-chorionicity-matter
#19
S Jahanfar, K Lim, E Oviedo-Joekes
OBJECTIVE: To establish the optimal threshold of birth weight discordance (BWD) for prediction of stillbirth, perinatal mortality and morbidity in twins born in British Columbia with or without chorionicity information. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective population-based cohort study of twins born in British Columbia from 2000 to 2010. Data from one hospital was used to adjust for chorionicity. Multivariate generalized estimating equation and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were performed to evaluate the predictability of BWD in comparison with other fetal anthropometric measurements...
September 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947303/factors-associated-with-ovarian-structures-and-intrauterine-fluid-in-the-postpartum-period-in-dairy-cows
#20
I López-Helguera, M G Colazo, I Garcia-Ispierto, F López-Gatius
The objective was to examine risk factors for the interval to resumption of ovarian cyclicity (ROC), multiple ovulations (MCL), ovarian follicular cysts (OC), and presence of intrauterine fluid (IUF) at 22 to 28 [visit (V) 1] and 36 to 42 (V2) days in milk (DIM) in dairy cows. The study was conducted retrospectively by evaluating records from 1,155 Holstein cows from 3 herds. Ovaries and uteri were examined at V1 and V2 by transrectal ultrasonography to determine ovarian structures and IUF. Based on the odds ratio, multiparous cows were more likely to have ROC at V1 by a factor of 1...
May 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
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