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Chronic Neck Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207658/association-between-paraspinal-muscle-morphology-clinical-symptoms-and-functional-status-in-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy
#1
Maryse Fortin, Octavian Dobrescu, Matthew Courtemanche, Carolyn J Sparrey, Carlo Santaguida, Michael G Fehlings, Michael H Weber
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess fatty infiltration and asymmetry of the multifidus (MF), semispinalis cervicis (SCer), semispinalis capitis (SCap), and splenius capitis (SPL) muscles in patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), and evaluate their correlations with clinical symptoms and functional scores. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical muscle alterations have been reported in patients with chronic neck pain, but the assessment of cervical muscle morphology has been overlooked in patients with DCM...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207508/concussion-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-related-chronic-pain-in-males-and-females-a-diagnostic-modelling-study
#2
Tatyana Mollayeva, J David Cassidy, Colin M Shapiro, Shirin Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
Pain is an unpleasant, complex, and perceived experience that places a significant burden on patients and clinicians. Its severity may be mediated by emotion, attitude, and environmental influences, and pain may be expressed differently in males and females. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently associated with chronic pain. This diagnostic modeling study examined sex differences in the construct of chronic pain in patients with delayed recovery from concussion/mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).Data were collected from standardized questionnaires, neuroimaging records, and comprehensive clinical assessments...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203603/physical-activity-level-and-sport-participation-in-relation-to-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-population-based-study-of-adolescents-the-young-hunt-study
#3
Maren Hjelle Guddal, Synne Øien Stensland, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, John-Anker Zwart, Kjersti Storheim
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among adolescents is high, and pain in adolescence increases the risk of chronic pain in adulthood. Studies have shown conflicting evidence regarding associations between physical activity and musculoskeletal pain, and few have evaluated the potential impact of sport participation on musculoskeletal pain in adolescent population samples. PURPOSE: To examine the associations between physical activity level, sport participation, and musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, low back, and lower extremities in a population-based sample of adolescents...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196631/effects-of-12-weeks-of-chiropractic-care-on-central-integration-of-dual-somatosensory-input-in-chronic-pain-patients-a-preliminary-study
#4
Heidi Haavik, Imran Khan Niazi, Kelly Holt, Bernadette Murphy
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess whether the dual somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) technique is sensitive enough to measure changes in cortical intrinsic inhibitory interactions in patients with chronic neck or upper extremity pain and, if so, whether changes are associated with changes in pain scores. METHODS: The dual peripheral nerve stimulation SEP ratio technique was used for 6 subjects with a history of chronic neck or upper limb pain...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194135/inaccurate-saccades-and-enhanced-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-suppression-during-combined-eye-head-movements-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-possible-implications-for-cervical-vertigo
#5
Janine L Johnston, Pierre M Daye, Glen T D Thomson
BACKGROUND: The primate ocular motor system is designed to acquire peripheral targets of interest by coordinating visual, vestibular, and neck muscle activation signals. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is greatly reduced at the onset of large eye-head (gaze) saccades and resumes before the end of the saccades to stabilize eye-in-orbit and ensure accurate target acquisition. Previous studies have relied on manipulating head movements in normal individuals to study VOR suppression and gaze kinematics...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191589/assessment-of-musculoskeletal-impairment-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#6
Michael K Ghiam, Kyle Mannion, Mary S Dietrich, Kristen L Stevens, Jill Gilbert, Barbara A Murphy
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe the types of musculoskeletal impairment in head and neck cancer survivors and to evaluate objective and subjective measures of musculoskeletal impairment and identify areas of need in future studies. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional pilot study of 29 head and neck cancer patients who were treated with resection and reconstruction. Subjective measures of musculoskeletal impairment (Neck Disability Index, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index, Vanderbilt Head and Neck Symptom Survey, General Symptom Survey) were collected and compared to objective measures (Cervical Range of Motion Device, Inter-incisal Distance)...
February 13, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185391/severe-cartilage-degeneration-in-patients-with-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#7
Wei-Jia Feng, Hui Wang, Chao Shen, Jun-Feng Zhu, Xiao-Dong Chen
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a developmental disorder that has long-term chronic pain and limited hip joint mobility as major pathological characteristics. This study aims to access the association between the development of DDH and cartilage metabolic disorders. Cartilage tissue samples were acquired from patients with DDH, osteoarthritis (OA) and femoral neck fracture. The proteoglycan level was evaluated by safranin O-fast green, toluidine blue and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The levels of collagen-II (Col-II), collagen-X (Col-X) and metal matrix proteinase-13 (MMP-13) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blotting analysis...
February 10, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171774/reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-a-modified-passive-neck-flexion-test-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-and-asymptomatic-subjects
#8
Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Mario Acuyo-Osorio, María Prieto-Aldana, Roy La Touche
BACKGROUND: The Passive Neck Flexion Test (PNFT) can diagnose meningitis and potential spinal disorders. Little evidence is available concerning the use of a modified version of the PNFT (mPNFT) in patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain (CNSNP). OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of the mPNFT in subjects with and without CNSNP. The secondary objective was to assess the differences in the symptoms provoked by the mPNFT between these two populations. DESIGN: We used repeated measures concordance design for the main objective and cross-sectional design for the secondary objective...
January 16, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167302/characterization-of-neck-strength-in-healthy-young-adults
#9
Eva Catenaccio, Weiya Mu, Atira Kaplan, Roman Fleysher, Namhee Kim, Tamar Bachrach, Malka Zughaft Sears, Oren Jaspan, Jaclyn Caccese, Mimi Kim, Mark Wagshul, Walter F Stewart, Richard B Lipton, Michael L Lipton
BACKGROUND: The role of cervical muscle (neck) strength in traumatic brain and spine injury and chronic neck pain disorders is an area of active research. Characterization of the normal ranges of neck strength in healthy young adults is essential to designing future investigations of how strength may act as a modifier for risk and progression in head and neck disorders. OBJECTIVE: To develop a normative reference database of neck strength in a healthy young adult population; and to evaluate the relationship of neck strength to anthropometric measurements...
February 3, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161767/pain-extent-is-associated-with-pain-intensity-but-not-with-widespread-pressure-or-thermal-pain-sensitivity-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#10
Marco Barbero, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, María Palacios-Ceña, Corrado Cescon, Deborah Falla
Widespread pain is considered a sign of central sensitization in people with chronic pain. Our aim was to examine whether pain extent, assessed from the pain drawing, relates to measures from quantitative sensory testing in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Thirty women with FMS and no other co-morbid conditions completed pain drawings (dorsal and ventral views) and clinical and related disability questionnaires. Pain extent and pain frequency maps were obtained from the pain drawings using a novel customized software...
February 4, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160759/five-herbs-plus-thiamine-reduce-pain-and-improve-functional-mobility-in-patients-with-pain-a-pilot-study
#11
Robert Hedaya
: Context • Five herbs-Urtica dioica (stinging nettle), Boswellia serrata, Equisetum arvense, Allium sativum, and Apium graveolens-have been demonstrated to have activity at several anti-inflammatory pathways and have analgesic properties that are effective in treating chronic musculoskeletal pain. Objectives • The study intended to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a proprietary blend of U dioica, B serrata, E arvense, A sativum, A graveolens, and thiamine (vitamin B1), or "the blend," in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158961/people-with-chronic-neck-pain-walk-with-a-stiffer-spine
#12
Deborah Falla, Leonardo Gizzi, Hesam Parsa, Angela Dieterich, Frank Petzke
Study Design Case-control. Background People with chronic neck pain present a number of sensorimotor and biomechanical alterations, yet little is known about the influence of neck pain on gait and motions of the spine during gait. Objective To evaluate the spine kinematics and gait characteristics in people with non-specific chronic neck pain. Methods People with chronic non-specific neck pain and age and gender matched asymptomatic controls walked on a treadmill at three different speeds (self-selected, 3km/h, 5km/h) either with their head in a neutral position or rotated 30º...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158959/the-effect-of-visual-feedback-of-the-neck-during-movement-in-people-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders-an-experimental-study
#13
Sanneke Don, Margot De Kooning, Lennard Voogt, Kelly Ickmans, Liesbeth Daenen, Jo Nijs
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Chronic whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) is an important health issue associated with poor recovery outcomes. Sensorimotor incongruence (SMI), defined as a mismatch between the efference copy in the brain and afferent sensory feedback from the body, is proposed as a possible underlying cause of chronic pain. Objectives To determine whether SMI causes sensory disturbances or pain in people with chronic WAD and healthy controls. Methods Study participants (30 participants with chronic WAD and 34 healthy controls) participated in a visual feedback experiment involving the neck and a bimanual coordination experiment involving the arms...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149258/the-prevalence-of-chronic-pain-in-orchestra-musicians
#14
Elena R Gasenzer, Marie-Juliana Klumpp, Dawid Pieper, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Background: The study investigated the incidence of chronic pain as well as causes and mechanisms of pain chronification in orchestra musicians. Aims: Chronic pain is a serious problem in the study group due to very specific playing techniques and body positions while playing, with a high impact on professional and private life. Methods: 8,645 professional musicians from 132 German cultural orchestras were contacted and asked about chronic pain via an online questionnaire. The study group comprised orchestra musicians suffering from pain...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146026/does-postural-awareness-contribute-to-exercise-induced-improvements-in-neck-pain-intensity-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-tai-chi-and-neck-exercises
#15
Romy Lauche, Peter M Wayne, Johannes Fehr, Christoph Stumpe, Gustav Dobos, Holger Cramer
STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial OBJECTIVE.: This secondary analysis aims to examine associations of improvement of chronic neck pain with patients' and intervention-related characteristics. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous research has found that Tai Chi and neck exercises significantly improved chronic non-specific neck pain; however the factors for treatment success remain unclear. METHODS: Subjects with chronic non-specific neck pain were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of group Tai Chi or conventional neck exercises, and they attended 12 weekly sessions of 60-90 minutes...
January 31, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118694/musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-upper-cervical-spine-in-women-with-episodic-or-chronic-migraine
#16
Gabriela N Ferracini, Lidiane L Florencio, Fabíola Dach, Débora Bevilaqua Grossi, María Palacios-Ceña, Carlos Ordás-Bandera, Thais C Chaves, José G Speciali, César Fernández-DE-Las-Peñas
BACKGROUND: The role of musculoskeletal disorders of the cervical spine in migraine is under debate. AIM: To investigate differences in musculoskeletal impairments of the neck including active global and upper cervical spine mobility, the presence of symptomatic upper cervical spine joints, cervicocephalic kinesthesia and head/neck posture between women with episodic migraine, chronic migraine, and controls. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
January 24, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116262/acetabular-prosthetic-protrusio-after-bipolar-hemi-arthroplasty-of-the-hip-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Jason Bt Lim, Chia Liang Ang, Hee Nee Pang
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar hemi-arthroplasty of the hip is a commonly performed procedure in elderly patients with intra-capsular fracture of the neck of the femur with good short-term results for pain relief, return to activity and morbidity. The incidence of intra-pelvic prosthesis migration or protrusion is rare and one of the inciting factors is chronic low-grade sepsis. Acetabular prosthesis protrusion poses a difficult and challenging surgical problem due to surrounding neurovascular structures...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113774/use-of-virtual-reality-feedback-for-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-and-kinesiophobia
#18
Karen B Chen, Mary E Sesto, Kevin Ponto, James Leonard, Andrea Mason, Gregg Vanderheiden, Justin Williams, Robert G Radwin
This study examined how individuals with and without neck pain performed exercises under the influence of altered visual feedback in virtual reality. Chronic neck pain (n=9) and asymptomatic (n=10) individuals were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Participants performed head rotations while receiving programmatically manipulated visual feedback from a head-mounted virtual reality display. The main outcome measure was the control-display gain (ratio between actual head rotation angle and visual rotation angle displayed) recorded at the just-noticeable difference...
October 26, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099504/direction-specific-impairments-in-cervical-range-of-motion-in-women-with-chronic-neck-pain-influence-of-head-posture-and-gravitationally-induced-torque
#19
Thomas Rudolfsson, Martin Björklund, Åsa Svedmark, Divya Srinivasan, Mats Djupsjöbacka
BACKGROUND: Cervical range of motion (ROM) is commonly assessed in clinical practice and research. In a previous study we decomposed active cervical sagittal ROM into contributions from lower and upper levels of the cervical spine and found level- and direction-specific impairments in women with chronic non-specific neck pain. The present study aimed to validate these results and investigate if the specific impairments can be explained by the neutral posture (defining zero flexion/extension) or a movement strategy to avoid large gravitationally induced torques on the cervical spine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#20
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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