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Arnaud Attyé, Michael Eliezer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Cécile Guenot, Karine Dubrit, Karine Lepigeon, Eric Giannoni, David Baud, Yvan Vial
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Wilhelm H Flatz, Annika Henneberger, Maximilian F Reiser, Robert Gürkov, Birgit Ertl-Wagner
Analysis of neural structures in Menière's Disease (MD) is of importance, since a loss of such structures has previously been proposed for this patient group but has yet to be confirmed. This protocol describes a method of in vivo evaluation of neural changes especially well suitable for cranial nerve analysis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MD-patients and normal hearing persons were examined in a 3-T MR-scanner using a scan protocol including strongly T2-weighted 3D gradient-echo-sequence (3D-CISS)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Rachael F Grace, Paola Bianchi, Eduard J van Beers, Stefan W Eber, Bertil Glader, Hassan M Yaish, Jenny M Despotovic, Jennifer A Rothman, Mukta Sharma, Melissa M McNaull, Elisa Fermo, Kimberly Lezon-Geyda, D Holmes Morton, Ellis J Neufeld, Satheesh Chonat, Nina Kollmar, Christine M Knoll, Kevin Kuo, Janet L Kwiatkowski, Dagmar Pospíŝilová, Yves D Pastore, Alexis A Thompson, Peter E Newburger, Yaddanapudi Ravindranath, Winfred C Wang, Marcin W Wlodarski, Heng Wang, Susanne Holzhauer, Vicky R Breakey, Joachim Kunz, Sujit Sheth, Melissa J Rose, Heather A Bradeen, Nolan Neu, Dongjing Guo, Hasan Al-Sayegh, Wendy B London, Patrick G Gallagher, Alberto Zanella, Wilma Barcellini
An international, multicenter registry was established to collect retrospective and prospective clinical data on patients with pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency, the most common glycolytic defect causing congenital non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia. Medical history and laboratory and radiologic data were retrospectively collected at enrollment in 254 patients with molecularly confirmed PK deficiency. Perinatal complications were common, including anemia requiring transfusions, hyperbilirubinemia, hydrops, and prematurity...
March 16, 2018: Blood
Jeanette I Beaute, Kevin G Friedman
This article reports a rare but potentially serious complication of ductus arteriosus closure resulting from second-trimester indomethacin exposure. Serial echocardiograms are indicated to monitor for development of right heart dysfunction and to ensure delivery prior to the onset of right heart failure and hydrops fetalis.
March 2018: Clinical Case Reports
Mahmoud Abd-Elkareem, Nasser S Abou Khalil, Alaa H Sayed
4-Nonylphenol (NP) toxicity in fish attracts much attention due to its ability in targeting several organs; however, the researches regarding its potential hepatotoxicity are conflicting and still require further investigation. Therefore, the objective of this study is to focus on this issue from the histophysiological point of view using NP intoxicated African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) as a model of hepatotoxicity. Twelve adult fish (6 per group) were divided into two groups; the first was considered as a control and the second was exposed to NP dissolved in water at a dose of 0...
March 7, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Ameer Hamza, Eleftherios Vouyoukas, Ian Jacob Anderson, Martha Jaye Higgins
Teratomas are one of the most frequent tumors in the pediatric population. They occur anywhere along the midline of the body, following the course of the embryonic germ cell ridge. In the mediastinal location, they exert space occupying effects, leading to a myriad of complications, including non-immune hydrops fetalis. We describe a fatal case of an immature thymic teratoma in a neonate presenting with hydrops fetalis. This case emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis and surgical intervention in such cases...
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
Shinji Naganawa, Hisashi Kawai, Toshiaki Taoka, Michihiko Sone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
Luiz Felipe Lessa Ortiz, Julio Elito Júnior, Edward Araujo Júnior, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Nelson Sass, Antonio Fernandes Moron
We report the case of a 20-year-old patient, primigravida, with twin monochorionic pregnancy, with a weight gain of 6 kg in one week and increased blood pressure. During the ultrasound diagnostic investigation, placental edema and hydrops were identified in both fetuses, which, in association with maternal anasarca and pressure control, constitute the triad for mirror syndrome, also known as triple edema. In addition to being hydropic, one of the twins was an acardiac fetus, which is a rare combination of events...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Thomas Peponis, Trine G Eskesen, Tomaz Mesar, Noelle Saillant, Haytham Ma Kaafarani, D Dante Yeh, Peter J Fagenholz, Marc A de Moya, David R King, George C Velmahos
BACKGROUND: Bile spillage (BS) occurs frequently during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, yet its impact on postoperative outcomes remains unknown. We hypothesized that BS increases the risk of surgical site infections (SSI) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Patients older than 18, who were admitted to an academic hospital for a laparoscopic (or laparoscopic converted to open) cholecystectomy from 05/2010 to 03/2017, were prospectively included. Open cholecystectomies were excluded...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Daniel Bamborschke, Matthias Pergande, Kerstin Becker, Friederike Körber, Jörg Dötsch, Anne Vierzig, Lutz T Weber, Sebahattin Cirak
INTRODUCTION: Recently recessive mutations in sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase (SGPL1) have been published as a cause of syndromic congenital nephrotic syndrome with adrenal insufficiency. We have identified a case with fetal hydrops and brain malformations due to a mutation in SGPL1. CASE REPORT: We report a patient presenting with severe fetal hydrops, congenital nephrotic syndrome and adrenal calcifications. MRI imaging showed generalized cortical atrophy with simplified gyral pattern and hypoplastic temporal lobes as well as cerebellar hypoplasia and hyperintensity in the pons...
February 28, 2018: Brain & Development
Marie Laterre, Pierre Bernard, Miika Vikkula, Yves Sznajer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to outline the disease etiology in a cohort of fetuses prenatally diagnosed with non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF). METHODS: Based on a literature review we defined precise criteria to select the NIHF cases. Those were further classified into 14 categories. To complete this first step, a literature review was performed using homogeneous criteria to compare our results. RESULTS: Over the 10-year period, 102 fetuses were diagnosed with NIHF and included in the analysis...
March 2, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
R Gürkov, J Hornibrook
More than 150 years after its initial description by Prosper Menière, the disease named after him is still at the center of scientific debates. Two recent developments have specifically created a breeding ground for controversy: (1) Since its first description 10 years ago, magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis of endolymphatic hydrops in living patients has seen an increasing and worldwide application. (2) The Bárány Society Classification Committee published diagnostic criteria for Menière's disease in 2015 and proposed a concept of the disease that has elicited widespread criticism...
March 2, 2018: HNO
Takahiro Azuma, Taketoshi Nogaki, Patricia Schachern, Michael M Paparella, Sebahattin Cureoglu
HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that there would be significant anatomic differences of the tensor tympani muscle (TTM), tympanic diaphragm, epitympanum, and protympanum in patients with versus without Menière's disease. BACKGROUND: The effects of tenotomy on Menière's disease suggested it relieves the pressure on the inner ear of the contraction of the TTM and of negative middle ear pressure. METHODS: Using human temporal bones from patients with Menière's disease, two studies were conducted...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Amy Jnah, Desi M Newberry, Elaine Eisenbeisz
BACKGROUND: The use of noninvasive, transcutaneous bilirubin monitoring (TcB) as a jaundice screen in full-term infants is well established; however, there is a paucity of research evaluating the use of TcB in premature infants. PURPOSE: To compare agreement and consistency of transcutaneous and serum bilirubin measurements in a multiracial premature infant population ranging from 30 to 34 6/7 weeks' gestation before, during, and after phototherapy. METHODS: Forty-five neonates, 30 to 34 6/7 weeks' gestation, were enrolled in this prospective, correlational study over a 12-month period...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Gerlig Widmann
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become an important imaging technique for otorhinolaryngology. The aim of the present CME contribution for ENT physicians is to provide an overview of the advantages and disadvantages as well as the possibilities of head and neck MRI and to summarize the main clinical applications of the various MRI sequences. Basic sequences (T1w, T2w, T1wC+) and fat suppression sequences (TIRM/STIR, Dixon, Spectral Fat sat) are the basis for evaluating inflammation, congenital lesions and tumors...
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Sheng He, Jihui Li, Peng Huang, Shujie Zhang, Li Lin, Yangjin Zuo, Xiaoxian Tian, Chenguang Zheng, Xiaoxia Qiu, Biyan Chen
Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis is the most severe and generally fatal clinical phenotype of α-thalassemia (α-thal), which is due to the deletion of all four functional α-globin genes of hemoglobin (Hb), resulting in no α-globin chain production (- -/- -). Homozygosity for the - -SEA (Southeast Asian) α-globin gene deletion is the main cause of the Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis in Asia, especially South China. Occasionally, other α0 -thal deletions can also be found. In this study, we report a case with an atypical form of Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis that was caused by - -SEA and a large novel α0 -thal deletion (- -GX ) (Guangxi)...
March 1, 2018: Hemoglobin
Muhammad Furqan Akhtar, Muhammad Ashraf, Aqeel Javeed, Aftab Ahmad Anjum, Ali Sharif, Mohammad Saleem, Ghulam Mustafa, Moneeb Ashraf, Ammara Saleem, Bushra Akhtar
Complex industrial discharges pose certain risks to the ecosystem. This study was aimed at identifying acute and sub-chronic toxicological effects of the textile industry wastewater. The textile wastewater was evaluated for the metals and organic pollutants by atomic absorption spectrophotometer and GC-MS respectively. In vitro genotoxicity and mutagenicity were assessed by Comet assay in peripheral lymphocytes isolated from Ovis aries and Ames test in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA-100 and 102 respectively...
February 28, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
L Ghesquière, C Garabedian, C Coulon, P Verpillat, T Rakza, B Wibaut, A Delsalle, D Subtil, P Vaast, V Debarge
The main cause of fetal anemia is maternal red blood cell alloimmunization (AI). The search of maternal antibodies by indirect antiglobulin test allows screening for AI during pregnancy. In case of AI, fetal genotyping (for Rh-D, Rh-c, Rh-E and Kell), quantification (for anti-rhesus antibodies) and antibody titration, as well as ultrasound monitoring, are performed. This surveillance aims at screening for severe anemia before hydrops fetalis occurs. Management of severe anemia is based on intrauterine transfusion (IUT) or labor induction depending on gestational age...
February 21, 2018: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
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