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Bariatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795980/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-predictors-of-weight-loss-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#1
Linda Paul, Colin van der Heiden, Hans W Hoek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for morbid obesity. However, 20-30% of patients undergoing bariatric surgery experience premature weight stabilization or weight regain postoperatively. We report on the recent literature of predictors of weight loss and the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in bariatric patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Preoperative disordered eating behaviors do not appear to be significantly predictive of postoperative weight loss...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791825/effect-of-bmi-on-quality-of-life-and-depression-levels-after-bariatric-surgery
#2
Regina Sierżantowicz, Jolanta Lewko, Hady Razak Hady, Bożena Kirpsza, Lech Trochimowicz, Jacek Dadan
BACKGROUND: Studies conducted in Poland have found that 1% (~300,000) of Polish adults are obese. The degree of weight loss and reduction of discomfort associated with severe obesity are used to evaluate bariatric surgery outcomes. From the patient's point of view, QoL and mental health are the most important determinants of successful surgery, which is why interest in QoL assessment has increased. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of BMI on quality of life and depression levels depending on the type of bariatric surgery...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791623/reoperative-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-reasons-for-surgery-medical-and-weight-loss-outcomes-relevant-behavioral-factors
#3
REVIEW
Ana Pinto-Bastos, Eva M Conceição, Paulo P P Machado
Reoperative surgery following the failure of primary bariatric surgery is increasing due to the significant rates of patients experiencing poor weight loss or medical complications. This literature review was conducted to organize the emerging, but scattered, literature regarding the reasons for undergoing surgery, the best available options, the predictors of success, and the psychological characteristics of patients submitted to reoperative surgeries. Reoperative procedures are technically challenging, but the possible benefits of reoperation supplant the increased risks associated with these procedures...
August 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765261/burden-of-child-and-adolescent-obesity-on-health-services-in-england
#4
Russell M Viner, Sanjay Kinra, Dasha Nicholls, Tim Cole, Anthony Kessel, Deborah Christie, Billy White, Helen Croker, Ian C K Wong, Sonia Saxena
OBJECTIVE: To assess the numbers of obese children and young people (CYP) eligible for assessment and management at each stage of the childhood obesity pathway in England. DESIGN: Pathway modelling study, operationalising the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance on childhood obesity management against national survey data. SETTING: Data on CYP aged 2-18 years from the Health Survey for England 2006 to 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical obesity (body mass index (BMI) >98th centile), extreme obesity (BMI ≥99...
August 1, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760328/psychosocial-characteristics-associated-with-symptom-perception-1-year-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-prospective-study
#5
Ingela Lundin Kvalem, Irmelin Bergh, Stephanie Sogg, Tom Mala
BACKGROUND: The experience of symptoms after bariatric surgery, such as pain, dumping, and fatigue, may affect behavior, quality of life, and the need for healthcare consultations. Attention to and interpretation of symptoms are influenced by psychological and contextual factors. Prospective studies of psychological factors predicting physical symptom perception after bariatric surgery are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To explore associations of preoperative negative affect and history of stressful and traumatic events with frequency and intensity of self-reported symptoms 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
July 1, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750780/influence-of-psychological-variables-in-morbidly-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-after-24-months-of-evolution
#6
José Rodríguez-Hurtado, Manuel Ferrer-Márquez, Andrés Fontalba-Navas, Juan Manuel García-Torrecillas, M Carmen Olvera-Porcel
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is considered a more effective means of achieving weight loss than non-surgical options in morbid obesity. Rates of failure or relapse range from 20 to 30%. The study aims to analyse the influence of psychological variables (self-esteem, social support, coping strategies and personality) in the maintenance of weight loss after bariatric surgery. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted involving 64 patients undergoing bariatric surgery for 24 months...
July 21, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721707/-towards-bariatric-surgery-taking-your-time-preserves-you-from-loosing-your-time
#7
Yann Corminboeuf, Isabelle Rieben, Sandra Gebhard, François P Pralong, Friedrich Stiefel
Obesity has become a worldwide public health concern. Bariatric surgery is nowadays the most effective treatment to lose weight and control somatic comorbidities of this disease. However, a careful preparation of the patients undergoing bariatric surgery seems mandatory, despite the existence of a feeling of emergency that is often shared by the therapeutic team, and thus difficult to handle. In this context, the importance to address psychological issues such as patients' representation of their body while they will be confronted to a major physical transformation cannot be over-emphasized...
March 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712976/repetitive-eating-questionnaire-rep-eat-q-enlightening-the-concept-of-grazing-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-portuguese-sample
#8
Eva M Conceição, James E Mitchell, Paulo P P Machado, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Sofia Ramalho, Isabel Brandão, Joana Botelho Simões, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Catarina Freitas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Grazing has been associated with poor weight loss or weight regain in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, but research remains scarce and complicated by the use of different non-validated measures. The aim of this paper is to describe the validation of the Rep(eat)-Q, a self-report measure developed to assess grazing, and investigates its relationship with BMI and psychopathology. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1223 university students and community participants (non-clinical; Study A) and 154 pre-bariatric and 84 post-bariatric patients (Study B) completed a set of self-report measures, including the Rep(eat)-Q (worded in Portuguese), to assess disordered eating, depression, anxiety, stress and impulsivity...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708358/-bariatric-surgery-psychiatric-issues-before-and-after-surgery
#9
Guido Bondolfi, Christel Alberque, Foteini Lymperopoulou, Moira Rodriguez
Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective therapy for the treatment of severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2). This article addresses psychiatric issues preceding and following this surgery, considering that weight loss is not the only criterion to be considered in assessing the quality of the postoperative course. Quality of life, the evolution of psychiatric and somatic comorbidities, compliance and long-term postoperative complications and possible interventions to optimize the psychological and psychiatric care for these patients are discussed...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707046/understanding-the-post-surgical-bariatric-experiences-of-patients-two-or-more-years-after-surgery
#10
Rebecca H Liu, Jennifer D Irwin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, one year after bariatric surgery follow-up appointments become less frequent and surgical recipients must cope with weight management more independently. Up to 50% of patients experience weight regain by two years post-surgery. Understanding the lived experiences of those who have gone through the bariatric process may shed light on what is needed to support others moving forward. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of the physical, psychological, social, and clinic-related experiences of individuals who have undergone bariatric surgery at least two years prior...
July 13, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698663/medical-devices-for-the-treatment-of-obesity
#11
REVIEW
Phong Ching Lee, John Dixon
Obesity is a major public health concern that leads to numerous metabolic, mechanical and psychological complications. Although lifestyle interventions are the cornerstone of obesity management, subsequent physiological neurohormonal adaptations limit weight loss, strongly favour weight regain and counteract sustained weight loss. A range of effective therapies are therefore needed to manage this chronic relapsing disease. Bariatric surgery delivers substantial, durable weight loss but limited access to care, perceived high risks and costs restrict uptake...
July 12, 2017: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614435/personality-characteristics-and-bariatric-surgery-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#12
Suelen Bordignon, Mayra Juliana Galvis Aparício, Juliana Bertoletti, Clarissa Marceli Trentini
Introduction: Numerous studies have focused on psychological assessment of bariatric surgery candidates, aiming to identify which psychological variables, including personality characteristics, are related to successful surgical prognosis. Objective: To analyze, by means of a systematic literature review, longitudinal studies that investigated personality traits and disorders as possible predictors of outcomes in bariatric surgery. Method: PsycInfo, PubMed, and Scopus databases were searched for studies published between 2005 and 2015, using the keywords "bariatric" AND "personality...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576681/30-day-readmission-following-weight-loss-surgery-can-psychological-factors-predict-nonspecific-indications-for-readmission
#13
Leslie J Heinberg, Ryan Marek, Ivy N Haskins, Emre Bucak, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Stacy Brethauer
BACKGROUND: Thirty-day readmissions occur in 5% or more of bariatric surgery patients. Some readmissions relate directly to surgical risks, whereas others relate to more nonspecific complaints or nonadherence and may reflect risks outside of the surgical procedure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether presurgical psychosocial factors are related to readmission. SETTING: Tertiary/quaternary academic referral center. METHODS: Bariatric surgery patients readmitted within 30 days of surgery during 2012-2015 were identified (n = 102)...
April 7, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567473/body-contouring-after-massive-weight-loss-a-personal-integrated-approach
#14
Manuel Maia, Diana Costa Santos
BACKGROUND: After massive weight loss, patients typically presented with skin redundancy, which causes enormous esthetic, physical, medical and psychological problems. The growing number of patients with these sequelae triggered an increase in the search for body contouring procedures, which in turn produced an important development in the post-bariatric reconstructive surgery. METHODS: The author describes the principles of a personal approach in post-bariatric reconstructive surgery...
May 31, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567075/aspects-of-quality-of-life-affected-in-morbidly-obese-patients-who-decided-to-undergo-bariatric-surgery-a-qualitative-study-to-design-a-native-questionnaire
#15
Behrouz Keleidari, Samira Davashi Jamalouee, Mohsen Mahmoudieh, Behzad Zolfaghari, Mahsa Gharzi
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a known prevalent major health issue. The aim of this study is to assay Iranian patients' problems with obesity and their expectations of bariatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we included patients who have used different medical noninvasive treatments and were unsuccessful in losing weight from the obesity clinic in Al Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, from 2014 to 2015. Morbidly obese patients were interviewed using some open-ended questions, and then, directional content analysis of data was done...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499084/psychological-assessment-of-emirati-patients-pursuing-bariatric-surgery-for-obesity
#17
Ossama T Osman, Essam Emam, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Abdul-Kader Souid
Background: Obesity is currently a rapidly growing global problem of epidemic proportions and is especially prevalent in economically developed countries such as the United Arab Emirates. Obese individuals are increasingly considering bariatric surgery as their preferred means of choice for the reduction of excess body fat. This study explored the psychological characteristics that may potentially complicate the surgical management of obesity. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of Emirati patients attending a bariatric clinic at Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, between December 2010 and February 2012...
May 11, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474869/improvements-in-chilean-patients-with-obesity-following-a-5-month-multidisciplinary-exercise-program-a-feasibility-study
#18
Pedro Delgado-Floody, Felipe Caamaño-Navarrete, Javier Gonzalez-Rivera, Johannes Fleckenstein, Winfried Banzer, Cristian Martinez Salazar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a multidisciplinary exercise program on physical fitness, metabolic profile and nutritional status of obese patients. METHODS: Seventeen women and four men (n=21, age 18 to 60 years), with severe obesity (BMI = 35-40 kg/m2, n=7), morbid obesity (BMI = 40-50 kg/m2, n=9), and super obesity (BMI > 50 kg/m2, n=5), took part in a physical exercise program with nutritional and psychological support. The intermittent physical exercise program was applied three times per week (1 hour/session), with 4-8 exercises with weights...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469914/a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-of-interventions-for-uncomplicated-obesity-weight-loss-well-being-and-impact-on-eating-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Tina Peckmezian, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVE: Most weight loss research focuses on weight as the primary outcome, often to the exclusion of other physiological or psychological measures. This study aims to provide a holistic evaluation of the effects from weight loss interventions for individuals with obesity by examining the physiological, psychological and eating disorders outcomes from these interventions. METHODS: Databases Medline, PsycInfo and Cochrane Library (2011-2016) were searched for randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews of obesity treatments (dietary, exercise, behavioural, psychological, pharmacological or surgical)...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446933/stress-as-a-factor-contributing-to-obesity-in-patients-qualified-for-bariatric-surgery-studies-in-a-selected-group-of-patients-a-pilot-study
#20
Iwona Boniecka, Helena Wileńska, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Marzena Sekuła, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the incidence of obesity, especially extreme obesity, has significantly increased. It is connected with inappropriate lifestyle, including a high calorie diet, psychological and genetic factors, some medications, diseases or infectious factors. Nowadays, the consumption of food is not only to satisfy a physiological need, but also fulfils psychological needs. The most effective method of morbid obesity treatment is metabolic surgery. Moreover, food is considered to be a reward and method of coping with stress...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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