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Bariatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776012/evolving-self-view-and-body-image-concerns-in-female-post-operative-bariatric-surgery-patients
#1
Tamara O Perdue, Ann Schreier, Melvin Swanson, Janice Neil, Robert Carels
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research study explores the experience of post-operative bariatric surgery patients as they adjust to diminished weight and differentiates that adjustment from the more general concept of body image. BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective way to reduce weight and co-morbidities associated with obesity. Complete success requires that patients must adjust psychologically as they lose weight. If this does not occur, bariatric patients may experience a 'mind-body lag' in which the patient's internal body image lags behind the external changes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766736/spanish-consensus-document-on-bariatric-endoscopy-part-1-general-considerations
#2
Eduardo Espinet Coll, Gontrand López-Nava Breviere, Javier Nebreda Durán, Carlos Marra-López Valenciano, Román Turró Arau, José Miguel Esteban López-Jamar, Miguel Muñoz-Navas
Obesity is a chronic multifactorial, incurable, recurrent, and progressive disease associated with significant physical and psychological complications, and considerable morbidity and mortality. For this reason, the assessment, management, and follow-up of obese patients should take place in the setting of a multidisciplinary unit equipped with adequate human and structural resources. Medical treatment using hygienic-dietary measures, while indispensable, may be insufficient, and surgery, which is reserved for severe or morbid obesity, is not exempt from complications neither is to the liking of many patients...
May 16, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#3
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731403/-bariatric-surgical-procedures
#4
Laurent Brunaud, Claire Nomine-Criqui, Thibaut Fouquet, Marie-Aude Sirveaux, Nicolas Reibel, Didier Quilliot
Obesity physioptahology is complex and involves several factors (genetic, behavioral, psychological…). In this still undefined context, bariatric surgery modifies gastrointestinal tract anatomy, reduces the caloric intake and modifies gastrointestinal hormonal secretions for some of them. Aim of this work was to describe bariatric surgical procedures (sleeve, gastric band, short-gastric gastric, biliopancreatic diversion), specifying their historical context and considering possible evolutions.
May 3, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722281/effects-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-post-bariatric-patients-a-qualitative-study-from-a-self-determination-theory-perspective
#5
David González-Cutre, Ángel Megías, Vicente J Beltrán-Carrillo, Eduardo Cervelló, Christopher M Spray
This study provides an in-depth analysis of the psychosocial benefits that 10 post-bariatric patients (nine female, 31-59 years) perceived from their participation in an exercise program grounded in self-determination theory. Qualitative data were collected through observations and interviews. Participants reported many factors which facilitated basic psychological need satisfaction such as the instructors caring about their opinion, affection, fitness improvement, pain reduction, and knowledge acquisition...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699779/the-psychosocial-effects-of-perioperative-complications-after-bariatric-surgery
#6
Karen Ho, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Allan Okrainec, Timothy Jackson, Sanjeev Sockalingam
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective weight loss tool that results in sustained weight loss, improvement in obesity-related comorbidities, and positive psychosocial outcomes. However, bariatric procedures also present with risks, as surgical complications are not uncommon. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to better understand the effect of postoperative complications from bariatric surgeries on patients' psychosocial well-being. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical data on postoperative complications were matched with results from self-administered psychosocial questionnaires...
March 21, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687342/predictors-of-preoperative-program-non-completion-in-adolescents-referred-for-bariatric-surgery
#7
Cassie Brode, Megan Ratcliff, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Sanita Hunsaker, Michael Helmrath, Meg Zeller
BACKGROUND: Factors contributing to adolescents' non-completion of bariatric surgery, defined as self-withdrawal during the preoperative phase of care, independent of program or insurance denial, are largely unknown. Recent adolescent and adult bariatric surgery literature indicate that psychological factors and treatment withdrawal play a role; however, for adolescents, additional age-salient (family/caregiver) variables might also influence progression to surgery. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined demographic, psychological, and family/caregiver variables as predictors of whether adolescents completed surgery ("completers") or withdrew from treatment ("non-completers")...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656036/laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-psychological-aspects-decision-makers-of-surgery-and-2-year-outcomes-a-case-series
#8
E Riquin, F Schmitt, N Bouhours-Nouet, M Beaumesnil, M Dinomais, J Malka, M Robin, R Coutant, P Duverger
BACKGROUND: The results of medical treatment of severe obesity in the adolescent population (balanced diet and physical activity) are often unsatisfactory, and bariatric surgery is questioned. The psychological determinants for requesting bariatric surgery in these adolescents are unclear. The objective of this study was to report the psychiatric and psychological aspects as well as the determinants of the medical decision for surgery in a cohort of obese adolescents requesting bariatric surgery by laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding...
April 11, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622789/psychological-issues-and-alcohol-misuse-following-bariatric-surgery
#9
Charlotte A Hardman, Paul Christiansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616469/racial-disparities-in-obesity-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Angel S Byrd, Alexander T Toth, Fatima Cody Stanford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity rates in the USA have reached pandemic levels with one third of the population with obesity in 2015-2016 (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of youth). It is a major public health concern, and it is prudent to understand the factors which contribute. Racial and ethnic disparities are pronounced in both the prevalence and treatment of obesity and must be addressed in the efforts to combat obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Disparities in prevalence of obesity in racial/ethnic minorities are apparent as early as the preschool years and factors including genetics, diet, physical activity, psychological factors, stress, income, and discrimination, among others, must be taken into consideration...
April 3, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604606/exploring-student-nurses-attitudes-towards-those-who-are-obese-and-whether-these-attitudes-change-following-a-simulated-activity
#11
Janet Hunter, Karen Rawlings-Anderson, Tracy Lindsay, Tracey Bowden, Leanne M Aitken
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of obesity increases worldwide the field of bariatric medicine has emerged, focussing on the causes, prevention and treatment of obesity. People who are obese regularly face bias from healthcare professionals, which can negativity impact on care delivery and patient outcomes. The introduction of bariatric empathy suits into simulated practice may enable student nurses to appreciate the needs of, and influence their attitudes towards, obese people. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student nurses' attitudes towards those who are obese and whether these attitudes change following a simulated activity...
June 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602207/associations-of-lifetime-traumatic-experience-with-dysfunctional-eating-patterns-and-postsurgery-weight-loss-in-adults-with-obesity-a-retrospective-study
#12
Alexis Ruffault, Fanny Vaugeois, Charles Barsamian, Kàtia Lurbe I Puerto, Gérane Le Quentrec-Creven, Cécile Flahault, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Margot Ferrand, Claire Rives-Lange, Sébastien Czernichow, Claire Carette
This study aimed to examine the associations of lifetime traumatic experience with presurgery and postsurgery eating pathology and postoperative weight loss in a sample of adult bariatric surgery patients using electronic medical record (EMR) data. Presurgery lifetime exposure to traumatic event, presurgery and postsurgery dysfunctional eating patterns, and post-operative total and excess weight losses were extracted from electronic medical records of 200 adult bariatric surgery patients in 2013 and 2014. Logistic regression analyses were conducted...
March 30, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599903/liver-failure-caused-by-prolonged-state-of-malnutrition-following-bariatric-surgery
#13
Willem J Lammers, Antonie Jp van Tilburg, Jan A Apers, Janneke Wiebolt
Bariatric surgery is an effective tool in the treatment of patients with morbid obesity. In these case reports we describe 2 patients who developed liver failure after currently-practiced types of bariatric surgery, caused by a prolonged state of malnutrition provoked by psychiatric problems. Despite intensive guidance of a psychologist and dieticians after surgery, our patients deteriorated psychologically, resulting in a prolonged state of severe malnutrition and anorexia. Finally, a state of starvation was reached, passing a critical level of the liver capacity...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567056/psychological-behavioral-and-weight-related-aspects-of-patients-undergoing-reoperative-bariatric-surgery-after-gastric-band-comparison-with-primary-surgery-patients
#14
Eva Conceição, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Marta de Lourdes, Isabel Brandão, Cristina Teixeira, Paulo P P Machado
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing insufficient weight loss or weight regain in their first bariatric surgery may represent a high-risk group with greater problematic eating and general psychopathology levels, which may compromise the success of a reoperative procedure. OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to describe and compare disordered eating-related psychological and behavioral features of primary and reoperative surgery candidates after gastric band. SETTING: Hospital center and university in Portugal...
February 15, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537411/bariatric-surgery-as-a-treatment-for-metabolic-syndrome
#15
P Cordero, J Li, J A Oben
Obesity is the pandemic of the 21st century. Obesity comorbidities, including hypertension, dyslipidaemia and glucose intolerance define metabolic syndrome, which increases mortality risk and decreases the quality of life. Compared with lifestyles (diet and physical activity) and pharmacological interventions, bariatric surgery is by far the most effective treatment for obesity and its comorbidities. This minimally invasive surgical treatment is based on an increase of satiety (by hormonal regulation and decreasing stomach volume) or a decrease in nutrient retention (gastric and/or intestinal resection)...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532315/contrasting-views-of-the-post-bariatric-surgery-experience-between-patients-and-their-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#16
Sandra Jumbe, Jane Meyrick
BACKGROUND: The superiority of obesity surgery for improving medical and weight outcomes in severely obese patients when compared to other weight loss interventions remains undisputed. However, knowledge about the psychological impact of the procedure on patients' lives is limited. Systematic reviews indicate persisting psychological distress after surgery compared to control groups especially longer term, suggesting the need for postoperative psychological support and assessment. Research literature also infers limited knowledge regarding the postoperative patient experience of obesity surgery...
March 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530596/patients-preferences-for-information-in-bariatric-surgery
#17
Usha K Coblijn, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Christel A L de Raaff, Bart A van Wagensveld, Ellen M A Smets
BACKGROUND: The decision to undergo bariatric surgery is multifactorial and made both by patient and doctor. Information is of the utmost importance for this decision. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bariatric surgery patient's preferences regarding information provision in bariatric surgery. SETTING: A teaching hospital, bariatric center of excellence in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. METHODS: All patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy between September 2013 and September 2014 were approached by mail to participate...
May 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512037/weight-loss-and-timing-of-j-tube-removal-in-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-patients-who-report-physical-or-sexual-abuse
#18
Polly A Hulme, Kevin A Kupzyk, Gary J Anthone, Kimberly A Capron, Thang Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery patients who report physical or sexual abuse form a sizeable cohort that stands out due to psychological comorbidity. Their possible vulnerability to suboptimal weight loss remains of interest. Their risk for malnutrition due to inadequate oral intake following surgery is underexplored. OBJECTIVES: Study aims were to determine the effect of self-reported physical or sexual abuse in patients undergoing open biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) on (a) 3-year weight loss trajectories and (b) timing of feeding jejunostomy tube (J tube) removal...
March 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476589/emotional-food-cravings-predicts-poor-short-term-weight-loss-following-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#19
Michéle A Janse Van Vuuren, Esben Strodl, Katherine M White, Philip D Lockie
OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) incidence has increased worldwide. However, a proportion of patients achieve inadequate weight loss and some experience weight regain. Little is known of the influence of eating beliefs and behaviours in response to cravings on early weight loss trajectory. This study aimed to identify the post-surgery eating cravings that predicted patients not achieving excess weight loss outcome (EWL) at 6-8 months post-LSG. DESIGN: A total of 106 (80...
February 24, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471555/-pregnancy-after-obesity-and-metabolic-surgery-risks-and-complications
#20
Christine Stroh, Tanja Groten, Eckehardt Schleussner, Thomas Manger
The increasing prevalence of morbid obesity in Germany is associated with an increasing number of metabolic surgical interventions. Short-term surgical and long-term metabolic complications - such as nutrient deficiencies - are the main risks of metabolic surgery and the resulting malabsorption. Obesity, especially morbid obesity, is associated with a high incidence of female infertility. One important cause of female infertility in obese women is the polycystic ovary syndrome, with 6 - 10%. Metabolic surgery significantly increases the fertility of obese women...
February 22, 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
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