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Bariatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499084/psychological-assessment-of-emirati-patients-pursuing-bariatric-surgery-for-obesity
#2
Ossama T Osman, Essam Emam, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Abdul-Kader Souid
Background: Obesity is currently a rapidly growing global problem of epidemic proportions and is especially prevalent in economically developed countries such as the United Arab Emirates. Obese individuals are increasingly considering bariatric surgery as their preferred means of choice for the reduction of excess body fat. This study explored the psychological characteristics that may potentially complicate the surgical management of obesity. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of Emirati patients attending a bariatric clinic at Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, between December 2010 and February 2012...
May 11, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474869/improvements-in-chilean-patients-with-obesity-following-a-5-month-multidisciplinary-exercise-program-a-feasibility-study
#3
Pedro Delgado-Floody, Felipe Caamaño-Navarrete, Javier Gonzalez-Rivera, Johannes Fleckenstein, Winfried Banzer, Cristian Martinez Salazar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a multidisciplinary exercise program on physical fitness, metabolic profile and nutritional status of obese patients. METHODS: Seventeen women and four men (n=21, age 18 to 60 years), with severe obesity (BMI = 35-40 kg/m2, n=7), morbid obesity (BMI = 40-50 kg/m2, n=9), and super obesity (BMI > 50 kg/m2, n=5), took part in a physical exercise program with nutritional and psychological support. The intermittent physical exercise program was applied three times per week (1 hour/session), with 4-8 exercises with weights...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469914/a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-of-interventions-for-uncomplicated-obesity-weight-loss-well-being-and-impact-on-eating-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Tina Peckmezian, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVE: Most weight loss research focuses on weight as the primary outcome, often to the exclusion of other physiological or psychological measures. This study aims to provide a holistic evaluation of the effects from weight loss interventions for individuals with obesity by examining the physiological, psychological and eating disorders outcomes from these interventions. METHODS: Databases Medline, PsycInfo and Cochrane Library (2011-2016) were searched for randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews of obesity treatments (dietary, exercise, behavioural, psychological, pharmacological or surgical)...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446933/stress-as-a-factor-contributing-to-obesity-in-patients-qualified-for-bariatric-surgery-studies-in-a-selected-group-of-patients-a-pilot-study
#5
Iwona Boniecka, Helena Wileńska, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Marzena Sekuła, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the incidence of obesity, especially extreme obesity, has significantly increased. It is connected with inappropriate lifestyle, including a high calorie diet, psychological and genetic factors, some medications, diseases or infectious factors. Nowadays, the consumption of food is not only to satisfy a physiological need, but also fulfils psychological needs. The most effective method of morbid obesity treatment is metabolic surgery. Moreover, food is considered to be a reward and method of coping with stress...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376683/analyzing-the-effects-of-psychotherapy-on-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-or-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-prospective-study
#6
F Gallé, A Cirella, A M Salzano, V Di Onofrio, P Belfiore, G Liguori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Personality disorders are frequently associated with eating disorders in obese patients and may negatively affect weight loss and maintenance after bariatric surgery. This non-randomized study aimed to assess the effects of different psychotherapeutic interventions on weight loss in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 bariatric patients meeting borderline personality disorder criteria were chosen voluntarily and consecutively to undergo an interpersonal individual treatment (n = 50), a dialectical behavioral group treatment (n = 50), or treatment as usual (n = 53) for a year after surgery...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359099/pediatric-obesity-assessment-treatment-and-prevention-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#7
Dennis M Styne, Silva A Arslanian, Ellen L Connor, Ismaa Sadaf Farooqi, M Hassan Murad, Janet H Silverstein, Jack A Yanovski
Cosponsoring Associations: The European Society of Endocrinology and the Pediatric Endocrine Society. This guideline was funded by the Endocrine Society. Objective: To formulate clinical practice guidelines for the assessment, treatment, and prevention of pediatric obesity. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed Task Force of 6 experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353096/alexithymia-and-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-underwent-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#8
Emanuela Paone, Laura Pierro, Angela Damico, Paola Aceto, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Gianfranco Silecchia, Carlo Lai
PURPOSE: Obesity is a multifactorial disease characterized by genetic, social, cultural and psychological factors. Currently, bariatric surgery represents the gold-standard intervention to treat morbid obesity in order to counteract associated disabling comorbidities. Several studies showed correlation between post-surgery weight loss and psychological factors. Also, the alexithymia may have a role in affecting post-surgery outcomes in bariatric patients, even if there are no studies investigating its role at 12-month follow-up...
March 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284569/predictors-of-preoperative-weight-loss-achievement-in-adult-bariatric-surgery-candidates-while-following-a-low-calorie-diet-for-4-weeks
#9
Deborah A Hutcheon, Laura D Byham-Gray, Andrea Fleisch Marcus, John D Scott, Megan Miller
BACKGROUND: Achieving program-mandated preoperative weight loss poses a challenge for many bariatric surgery candidates. No systematic method exists to identify at-risk patients early in preoperative care. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore predictors of preoperative weight loss achievement and to develop a treatment algorithm for guiding clinical decision-making. SETTING: Greenville Health System, South Carolina. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for 378 patients who followed a program-mandated low-calorie diet (LCD) for 4 weeks to achieve≥8% excess weight loss (EWL)...
December 29, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273694/patient-experiences-of-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
Karen D Coulman, Fiona MacKichan, Jane M Blazeby, Amanda Owen-Smith
Although bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe and complex obesity, less is known about its psychosocial impact. This systematic review synthesizes qualitative studies investigating the patient perspective of living with the outcomes of surgery. A total of 2,604 records were screened, and 33 studies were included. Data extraction and thematic synthesis yielded three overarching themes: control, normality and ambivalence. These were evident across eight organizing sub-themes describing areas of life impacted by surgery: weight, activities of daily living, physical health, psychological health, social relations, sexual life, body image and eating behaviour and relationship with food...
May 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262676/the-effects-of-supervised-exercise-training-12-24-months-after-bariatric-surgery-on-physical-function-and-body-composition-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
L Y Herring, C Stevinson, P Carter, S J H Biddle, D Bowrey, C Sutton, M J Davies
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is effective for the treatment of stage II and III obesity and its related diseases, although increasing evidence is showing weight regain ~12-24 months postsurgery. Weight regain increases the risk of physical function decline, which negatively affects an individual's ability to undertake activities of daily living. The study assessed the effects of a 12-week supervised exercise intervention on physical function and body composition in patients between 12 and 24 months post bariatric surgery...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247321/predictors-of-changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-6-and-12-months-after-a-bariatric-procedure
#12
Carolin Peterhänsel, Michaela Nagl, Birgit Wagner, Arne Dietrich, Anette Kersting
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective method for treating morbid obesity and improving patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). As research on predictors that contribute to the amelioration of HRQoL is sparse, our prospective study was conducted to examine the predictive value of demographic, psychological and physiological variables on physical and mental HRQoL 6 and 12 months after surgery. METHODS: We surveyed 154 participants who had undergone either a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
February 28, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243838/psychological-aspects-of-bariatric-surgery-as-a-treatment-for-obesity
#13
REVIEW
Sandra Jumbe, Claire Hamlet, Jane Meyrick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Little is known about the psychological effects on life after bariatric surgery despite the high prevalence of psychological disorders in candidates seeking this procedure. Our review discusses the literature around the psychological impact of bariatric surgery, exploring whether the procedure addresses underlying psychological conditions that can lead to morbid obesity and the effect on eating behaviour postoperatively. RECENT FINDINGS: Findings show that despite undisputed significant weight loss and improvements in comorbidities, current literature suggests some persisting disorder in psychological outcomes like depression and body image for patients at longer term follow-up, compared to control groups...
March 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229317/self-reported-hedonism-predicts-12-month-weight-loss-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#14
Sven Alfonsson, Sandra Weineland-Strandskov, Magnus Sundbom
INTRODUCTION: Research regarding psychological risk factors for reduced weight loss after bariatric surgery has yielded mixed results, especially for variables measured prior to surgery. More profound personality factors have shown better promise and one such factor that may be relevant in this context is time perspective, i.e., the tendency to focus on present or future consequences. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of time perspective for 12-month weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery...
February 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210966/predictors-of-physical-activity-after-gastric-bypass-a-prospective-study
#15
Irmelin Bergh, Ingela Lundin Kvalem, Tom Mala, Bjørge Herman Hansen, Falko F Sniehotta
BACKGROUND: Most patients do not meet the recommended level of physical activity after bariatric surgery, and psychological factors underlying postoperative physical activity remain poorly understood. This study aimed at identifying self-regulatory predictors of physical activity after bariatric surgery. METHODS: Questionnaire data including self-regulation variables and the short-version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were obtained in a prospective cohort of 230 patients 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass...
February 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124235/patients-preoperative-estimate-of-target-weight-and-actual-outcome-after-bariatric-surgery
#16
Stephanie C W Aelfers, Wendy Schijns, Nadine Ploeger, Ignace M C Janssen, Frits J Berends, Edo O Aarts
BACKGROUND: Evidence about the impact of psychological factors on weight loss after bariatric surgery is scarce. This study explores whether patients' preoperative estimate of target weight influences actual weight loss for different types of bariatric procedures. METHODS: Patients eligible for bariatric surgery were instructed twice on how to calculate their expected target weight. They were divided into three groups based on their percentage excess weight loss (%EWL) and percentage total body weight loss (%TBWL)...
January 25, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089590/using-the-presurgical-psychological-evaluation-to-predict-5-year-weight-loss-outcomes-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#17
Ryan J Marek, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Manfred H M van Dulmen, Kathleen Ashton, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors contribute to poorer weight loss outcomes following bariatric surgery; however, findings on associations between preoperative psychiatric diagnoses, psychological testing, and weight loss are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: Examine associations between presurgical psychiatric diagnoses derived from a semi-structured clinical interview and test scores from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality-Inventory-2 - Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) and 5-year Body Mass Index (BMI) outcomes...
March 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052539/what-are-the-support-experiences-and-needs-of-patients-who-have-received-bariatric-surgery
#18
Melanie Sharman, Martin Hensher, Stephen Wilkinson, Danielle Williams, Andrew Palmer, Alison Venn, Douglas Ezzy
OBJECTIVE: To explore the support needs and experiences of patients who had received publicly or privately funded bariatric surgery and the importance of this support in mediating outcomes of surgery. METHODS: Seven semi-structured focus groups were conducted. A broad interview schedule guided the discussions which were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Twenty-six women and 15 men with a mean age of 54 years (range 24-72) participated in the study...
February 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#19
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029083/psychopathological-behaviour-and-cognition-in-morbid-obesity
#20
Alba Calderone, Pasquale Fabio Calabrò, Chita Lippi, Roberta Jaccheri, Jacopo Vitti, Ferruccio Santini
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic condition with high prevalence and multifaceted aetiology, accompanied by an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Obesity has several negative effects on the psychological status, and the severity of psychological disorders correlates with the degree of obesity. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this review is to provide an overview of the literature concerning the psychological distress associated with severe obesity, which contributes to deterioration of the quality of life of affected patients...
December 26, 2016: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
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