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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155174/ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-cornus-officinalis-sieb-et-zucc
#1
REVIEW
Jun Huang, Yiwei Zhang, Lin Dong, Qinghan Gao, Lei Yin, Hongfeng Quan, Rong Chen, Xueyan Fu, Dingbo Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus officinalis (Cornaceae), known in Chinese as "Shanzhuyu," is a frequently used traditional Chinese medicine. It tastes sour and is astringent and slightly warm in nature. Its fruits have long been used to treat kidney deficiency, high blood pressure, waist and knee pain, dizziness, tinnitus, impotence, spermatorrhea, menorrhagia, and other diseases in China. The main distribution areas are Shanxi and Gansu. AIM OF THE STUDY: This review focused on the ethnopharmacological uses of the herb...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154798/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-reducing-mental-distress-in-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Sophia Burghardt, Susan Koranyi, Gabriel Magnucki, Bernhard Strauss, Jenny Rosendahl
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions in adults undergoing dental procedures under regional or general anesthesia compared to standard care alone or an attention control group on the reduction of mental distress, pain, and analgesic use. DATA SOURCES: To identify relevant papers a comprehensive literature search was carried out in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and PsycINFO (last search August, 2017). Additionally, lists of references of relevant articles and previous reviews were checked...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153301/does-neurofunction-monitoring-enhance-nursing-confidence-and-comfort
#3
Holly Ware, Sonja E Stutzman, Lori McGarry, Jenna Bland, DaiWai M Olson
Despite advances in the science of sedation and pain assessment, few studies have examined the impact of various assessment tools on nursing confidence. This study examines how bispextral index monitoring impacts nursing confidence in the assessment and comfort in medication administration based on that assessment. In this prospective observational Quality Improvement project, nurses using bispectral index (BIS) and the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS) were randomly selected to complete a self-assessment survey intended to measure their personal confidence and comfort regarding care they were providing for a specific patient on the day the survey was completed...
November 15, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152818/electrical-stimulation-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-in-the-context-of-pain-a-systematic-review-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-animal-model-studies
#4
REVIEW
Ivana Vuka, Katarina Vučić, Tihana Repić, Lejla Ferhatović Hamzić, Damir Sapunar, Livia Puljak
OBJECTIVE: Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) has recently emerged as an attractive target for neuromodulation therapy since primary sensory neurons and their soma in DRGs are important sites for pathophysiologic changes that lead to neuropathic pain. Our aim was to create evidence synthesis about the effects of electrical stimulation of DRG in the context of pain from in vitro and in vivo animal models, analyze methodology and quality of studies in the field. METHODS: For conducting systematic review we searched three data bases: MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science...
November 20, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149149/decreased-regional-grey-matter-volume-in-women-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders-relationships-with-cognitive-deficits-and-disturbed-pain-processing
#5
Iris Coppieters, Robby De Pauw, Karen Caeyenberghs, Lieven Danneels, Jeroen Kregel, Astrid Pattyn, Mira Meeus, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (CWAD) are characterized by pain of traumatic origin, cognitive deficits, and central sensitization (CS). Previous neuroimaging studies revealed altered grey matter volume (GMV) in mild traumatic brain injury patients and chronic pain conditions also characterized by CS. It can therefore be hypothesized that GMV alterations also play a role in the persistent complaints of CWAD. However, brain alterations remain poorly investigated in these patients...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149144/the-efficacy-of-preoperative-gabapentin-in-spinal-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Chao Han, Ming-Jie Kuang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: Pain management after spinal surgery has been studied for years. Gabapentin is a third-generation antiepileptic drug that selectively affects the nociceptive process and has been used for pain relief after surgery. However, the relationship between gabapentin and postoperative pain in spinal surgery is still controversial. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the pre-emptive use of gabapentin in spinal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149142/mapping-the-association-between-vitamin-d-and-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
Joshua Zadro, Debra Shirley, Manuela Ferreira, Ana Paula Carvalho-Silva, Sarah E Lamb, Cyrus Cooper, Paulo H Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is the highest contributor to disability worldwide, with current intervention strategies only providing small to moderate analgesic effects. The use of vitamin D supplementation for LBP has gained interest due to its proposed anti-inflammatory and neuromodulatory properties. However, it is still unclear whether vitamin D levels differ between those with and without LBP or if vitamin D levels are associated with pain intensity. OBJECTIVES: We aim to investigate the association between vitamin D levels and LBP and to determine if vitamin D levels correlate with pain intensity in individuals with LBP...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145272/the-efficiency-of-intravenous-acetaminophen-for-pain-control-following-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Limin Liang, Ying Cai, Aixiang Li, Chuangen Ma
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficiency and safety of intravenous acetaminophen as an adjunct to multimodal analgesia for pain control after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of science, Medline, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs were included. Fixed/random effect model was used according to the heterogeneity tested by I statistic. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 11...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142460/efficacy-and-safety-of-duloxetine-in-chinese-breast-cancer-patients-with-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#9
Jiani Wang, Qing Li, Binghe Xu, Tongtong Zhang, Shanshan Chen, Yang Luo
Objective: Chemotherapy with paclitaxel is associated with significant neurotoxicity that may offset patients' quality of life and therapeutic benefits. This prospective, non-randomized control study evaluated the efficacy and safety of an antidepressant drug, duloxetine, at 30 or 60 mg/d, in the treatment of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy (PIPN) in Chinese breast cancer patients. Methods: A total of 102 patients with a median age of 50 (range, 25-60) years, treated in the Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, between November 2014 and January 2017 were finally enrolled...
October 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138592/dose-related-beneficial-and-harmful-effects-of-gabapentin-in-postoperative-pain-management-post-hoc-analyses-from-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analyses
#10
REVIEW
Maria Louise Fabritius, Jørn Wetterslev, Ole Mathiesen, Jørgen B Dahl
Background: During the last 15 years, gabapentin has become an established component of postoperative pain treatment. Gabapentin has been employed in a wide range of doses, but little is known about the optimal dose, providing the best balance between benefit and harm. This systematic review with meta-analyses aimed to explore the beneficial and harmful effects of various doses of gabapentin administered to surgical patients. Materials and methods: Data in this paper were derived from an original review, and the subgroup analyses were predefined in an International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews published protocol: PROSPERO (ID: CRD42013006538)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133965/evaluation-of-adjunctive-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-swelling-and-trismus-after-surgical-removal-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Farrokh Farhadi, Hosein Eslami, Alireza Majidi, Vahid Fakhrzadeh, Milad Ghanizadeh, Sahar KhademNeghad
Background and Aim: Wisdom teeth remains impacted in the jaw due to several reasons and surgery of impacted wisdom teeth is one of the most common surgeries in dental clinics. Pain, swelling and trismus are the common complications after this surgery which affect quality of life. In articles, various methods are introduced to control immediate inflammatory-response associated with third-molar surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adjunctive effect of low-level laser Therapy on pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted lower third molar...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132344/tubeless-versus-standard-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-an-update-meta-analysis
#12
Yang Xun, Qing Wang, Henglong Hu, Yuchao Lu, Jiaqiao Zhang, Baolong Qin, Yudi Geng, Shaogang Wang
BACKGROUND: To update a previously published systematic review and meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS: A systematic literature search of EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library was performed to confirm relevant studies. The scientific literature was screened in accordance with the predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. After quality assessment and data extraction from the eligible studies, a meta-analysis was conducted using Stata SE 12...
November 13, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128883/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-on-chemotherapy-induced-oral-mucositis-in-pediatric-and-young-patients
#13
REVIEW
Mengxue He, Binghua Zhang, Nanping Shen, Na Wu, Jiwen Sun
Oral mucositis is one of the most frequent complications after chemotherapy, occurring in approximately 52 to 80% of children receiving treatment for cancer. Recently, it has been suggested that the use of low-energy laser could reduce the grade of oral mucositis and alleviate the symptoms. In 2014, Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology has recommended low-level laser therapy in prevention of mucositis for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients because of its beneficial effects in majority of recent studies...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122796/association-between-organisational-and-workplace-cultures-and-patient-outcomes-systematic-review
#14
Jeffrey Braithwaite, Jessica Herkes, Kristiana Ludlow, Luke Testa, Gina Lamprell
DESIGN AND OBJECTIVES: Every organisation has a unique culture. There is a widely held view that a positive organisational culture is related to positive patient outcomes. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses statement, we systematically reviewed and synthesised the evidence on the extent to which organisational and workplace cultures are associated with patient outcomes. SETTING: A variety of healthcare facilities, including hospitals, general practices, pharmacies, military hospitals, aged care facilities, mental health and other healthcare contexts...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122581/physical-activity-based-interventions-using-electronic-feedback-may-be-ineffective-for-reducing-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Crystian B Oliveira, Márcia R Franco, Chris G Maher, Paulo H Ferreira, Priscila K Morelhão, Tatiana M Damato, Cynthia Gobbi, Rafael Z Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of physical activity-based interventions using electronic feedback to reduce pain and disability compared to minimal or no interventions in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis DATA SOURCES: The following electronic databases were searched: EMBASE, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and main clinical trial registers...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122501/psychoneuroimmunological-approach-to-gastrointestinal-related-pain
#16
REVIEW
Karlo Toljan, Bruce Vrooman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE (AIMS): Psychoneuroimmunology is both a theoretical and practical field of medicine in which human biology and psychology are considered an interconnected unity. Through such a framework it is possible to elucidate complex syndromes in gastrointestinal related pain, particularly chronic non-malignant. The aim is to provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms and suggest treatment modalities according to a comprehensive paradigm. The article also presents novel findings that may guide clinicians to recognize new targets or scientists to find new research topics...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121556/the-efficacy-of-interventions-for-low-back-pain-in-nurses-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Wannes Van Hoof, Kieran O'Sullivan, Mary O'Keeffe, Sabine Verschueren, Peter O'Sullivan, Wim Dankaerts
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of interventions for the prevention and treatment of low back pain in nurses. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: The review was registered on the PROSPERO database (CRD42015026941) and followed the PRISMA statement guidelines. A two phase approach was used. In phase one, all randomised controlled trials included in the systematic review of Dawson et al. (2007) which reviewed interventions for low back pain in nurses until 2004 were selected...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121400/dexamethasone-as-an-adjuvant-to-peripheral-nerve-block
#18
REVIEW
Carolyne Pehora, Annabel Me Pearson, Alka Kaushal, Mark W Crawford, Bradley Johnston
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve block (infiltration of local anaesthetic around a nerve) is used for anaesthesia or analgesia. A limitation to its use for postoperative analgesia is that the analgesic effect lasts only a few hours, after which moderate to severe pain at the surgical site may result in the need for alternative analgesic therapy. Several adjuvants have been used to prolong the analgesic duration of peripheral nerve block, including perineural or intravenous dexamethasone. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of perineural dexamethasone versus placebo, intravenous dexamethasone versus placebo, and perineural dexamethasone versus intravenous dexamethasone when added to peripheral nerve block for postoperative pain control in people undergoing surgery...
November 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119546/a-systematic-review-of-ectopic-pregnancy-after-hysterectomy
#19
REVIEW
Emily X Shao, Kendra Hopper, Matthew McKnoulty, Alka Kothari
BACKGROUND: An ectopic pregnancy after hysterectomy is a rare but potentially life-threatening event. Women with this condition might not be appropriately investigated, resulting in delays in diagnosis and treatment. OBJECTIVES: To characterize cases of ectopic pregnancy occurring after hysterectomy. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched using the terms "pregnancy, abdominal" or "pregnancy, tubal" or "pregnancy, ectopic" and "hysterectomy" or "post-hysterectomy" or "post hysterectomy...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117023/legal-evidence-of-subjective-states-a-brain-based-model-of-chronic-pain-increases-accuracy-and-fairness-in-law
#20
Amanda C Pustilnik
Advances in structural and functional neuroimaging offer new ways to conceptualize chronic pain disorders and to prevent, diagnose, and treat chronic pain. Advances in pain science, though, do not entail changes in the concepts of chronic pain in law and culture. Authoritative legal and cultural conceptions of chronic pain continue to promote abstruse theories, characterizing these disorders as arising out of everything from a person's unmet need for love to resistance to "patriarchy." These constructs have consequences, impeding treatment and affecting whether individuals with chronic pain can obtain legal redress...
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
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