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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521018/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-intractable-pain-a-systematic-review
#1
Dustin G Roberts, Nader Pouratian
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of neuromodulation, the role and efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for chronic pain has not been carefully scrutinized. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to evaluate the clinical efficacy, both short- and long-term, of SRS for the treatment of chronic intractable pain. METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO was performed using keywords and controlled vocabulary. The search included peer-reviewed articles reporting clinical outcomes of SRS for chronic pain with a minimum 3-mo follow-up for nonmalignant and 1 mo for malignant pain...
May 17, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520689/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#2
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but it is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (1) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (2) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520654/systematic-review-of-hydrotherapy-research-does-a-warm-bath-in-labor-promote-normal-physiologic-childbirth
#3
Jenna Shaw-Battista
Health sciences research was systematically reviewed to assess randomized controlled trials of standard care versus immersion hydrotherapy in labor before conventional childbirth. Seven studies of 2615 women were included. Six trials examined hydrotherapy in midwifery care and found an effect of pain relief; of these, 2 examined analgesia and found reduced use among women who bathed in labor. One study each found that hydrotherapy reduced maternal anxiety and fetal malpresentation, increased maternal satisfaction with movement and privacy, and resulted in cervical dilation progress equivalent to standard labor augmentation practices...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516471/topical-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-analgesia-in-traumatic-corneal-abrasions
#4
REVIEW
Abel Wakai, John G Lawrenson, Annali L Lawrenson, Yongjun Wang, Michael D Brown, Michael Quirke, Omar Ghandour, Ryan McCormick, Cathal D Walsh, Ahmed Amayem, Eddy Lang, Nick Harrison
BACKGROUND: Traumatic corneal abrasions are relatively common and there is a lack of consensus about analgesia in their management. It is therefore important to document the clinical efficacy and safety profile of topical ophthalmic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the management of traumatic corneal abrasions. OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the use of topical NSAIDs with placebo or any alternative analgesic interventions in adults with traumatic corneal abrasions (including corneal abrasions arising from foreign body removal), to reduce pain, and its effects on healing time...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512544/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-of-partially-edentulous-patients-treated-with-implant-supported-single-crowns-or-fixed-partial-dentures
#5
Bader K AlZarea
BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is afflicted by different variables. Limited information is available regarding the impact of different phases of implant therapy on OHRQoL of edentulous patients. This study was carried out to assess the OHRQoL of patients treated with implant-supported single crowns or fixed partial dentures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 79 healthy partially edentulous subjects needing implant therapy were incorporated in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508937/the-prevalence-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-adults-presenting-with-temporomandibular-disorders-associated-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Órla Gilheaney, Lina Zgaga, Isolde Harpur, Greg Sheaf, Liss Kiefer, Sibylle Béchet, Margaret Walshe
Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are the most frequent non-dental orofacial pain disorders and may be associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), resulting in oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). However, clinicians' understanding of involvement with OD caused by RA-related TMDs is limited and the methodological quality of research in this field has been criticised. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of oral preparatory and oral stage signs and symptoms of OD in adults presenting with TMDs associated with RA...
May 16, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508672/assessing-infant-oriented-care-with-developmental-support-approach-in-iranian-nicus
#7
Mostajab Razavi Nejad, Zahra Eskandary, Mohammad Heidarzadeh, Abolfazl Afjeh, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Forouzan Akrami
INTRODUCTION: Developmental care program is a comprehensive program to reduce secondary effects of NICU and special care on brain development in premature infants. This study aimed to assess neonatal care situation in Iranian NICUs based on developmental approach to design and provide clinical guidelines for daily care for the care givers and the infant's family. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in NICUS in Iran. A total of 23 NICUs of 9 Universities of Medical Sciences were investigated...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506257/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-of-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-for-fibromyalgia-using-both-amstar-and-robis-as-quality-assessment-tools
#8
Rachel Perry, Verity Leach, Philippa Davies, Chris Penfold, Andy Ness, Rachel Churchill
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic, debilitating pain disorder. Dissatisfaction with conventional medicine can lead people with FM to turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Two previous overviews of systematic reviews of CAM for FM have been published, but they did not assessed for risk of bias in the review process. METHODS: Five databases Medline, Embase, AMED (via OVID), Web of Science and Central were searched from their inception to December 2015...
May 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505667/early-versus-delayed-feeding-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review
#9
Valerie M Vaughn, Dmitry Shuster, Mary A M Rogers, Jason Mann, Marisa L Conte, Sanjay Saint, Vineet Chopra
Background: Acute pancreatitis is among the most common and costly reasons for hospitalization in the United States. Bowel rest, pain control, and intravenous fluids are the cornerstones of treatment, but early feeding might also be beneficial. Purpose: To compare length of hospital stay, mortality, and readmission in adults hospitalized with pancreatitis who received early versus delayed feeding. Data Sources: MEDLINE via Ovid, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and Web of Science through January 2017...
May 16, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499370/is-hydroxychloroquine-effective-in-treating-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Shi-Qin Wang, Li-Wei Zhang, Pan Wei, Hong Hua
BACKGROUND: To systematically review and assess the efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) for treating primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Five electronic databases (Pubmed, EMBASE, Web of science, Ovid, Cochrane Library) were searched for randomized controlled trials and retrospective or prospective studies published in English that reported the effect of HCQ on pSS. The subjective symptoms (sicca symptoms, fatigue and pain) and the objective indexes (erythrocyte sedimentation rate and Schirmer test) were assessed as main outcome measures...
May 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497284/exercise-interventions-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-groin-pain-and-injury-in-athletes-a-critical-and-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Paula C Charlton, Michael K Drew, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Alison Grimaldi, Ross A Clark
BACKGROUND: Groin injury is a common musculoskeletal complaint for athletes competing in a variety of sports. The extent to which exercise interventions incorporating external load are an appropriate option for the treatment and prevention of groin injury in athletes is not yet clear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to describe and evaluate exercise therapy interventions and outcomes for the treatment and prevention of groin injury with specific attention to application of external load...
May 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496426/chronic-pain-as-a-hypothetical-construct-a-practical-and-philosophical-consideration
#12
Daniel M Doleys
Pain has been defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage." Chronic pain is usually described as pain that has persisted for 3-6 months and/or beyond the expected time of healing. The numerical pain rating (NPR) is the customary metric and often considered as a proxy for the subjective experience of chronic pain. This definition of pain (chronic) has been of significant heuristic value...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494846/can-a-science-based-definition-of-acupuncture-improve-clinical-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Ted Priebe, Steven H Stumpf, Rod Zalunardo
Research on acupuncture has been muddled by attempts to bridge the ancient with the modern. Barriers to effectiveness research are reflected in recurring conflicts that include disagreement on use of the most basic terms, lack of standard intervention controls, and the absence of functional measures for assessing treatment effect. Acupuncture research has stalled at the "placebo barrier" wherein acupuncture is "no better than placebo." The most widely recognized comparative effectiveness research in acupuncture does not compare acupuncture treatment protocols within groups, thereby, mutating large scale effectiveness studies into large scale efficacy trials...
May 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493596/overcoming-the-tower-of-babel-in-medical-science-by-finding-the-equator-research-reporting-guidelines
#14
Christopher R Carpenter, Zachary F Meisel
You are hosting a journal club on chest pain management in the emergency department (ED) for colleagues and trainees in your department. Interested in understanding the history of cardiac biomarkers to evaluate ED patients with chest pain, you search PubMed using the combination of terms "cardiac biomarker", "chest pain", and "emergency department". Your search nets no studies prior to 2002 which you doubt is accurate, so you take the old-fashioned approach and start flipping through the oldest issues of emergency medicine journals at your local medical school library...
May 11, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489787/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intravenous-glucocorticoids-for-acute-pain-following-total-hip-arthroplasty
#15
Xiuhua Li, Zheng Sun, Chengbing Han, Liangliang He, Baoguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids are increasingly used perioperatively, principally to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and acute postoperative pain following total hip arthroplasty (THA). The authors hypothesized that preoperative intravenous glucocorticoids is associated with less pain scores and PONV without increasing the complications after THA. METHODS: Four databases (PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science) were searched with the limitations of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489762/comparison-of-local-infiltration-analgesia-and-sciatic-nerve-block-as-an-adjunct-to-femoral-nerve-block-for-pain-control-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Zhi Zhang, Qing Yang, Wenqi Xin, Yixuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: To perform a meta-analysis to assess the efficiency and safety between local infiltration analgesia (LIA) and sciatic nerve block (SNB) when combined with femoral nerve block (FNB) for pain control following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We systemically searched the following electronic databases for potentially relevant articles: Embase (1980-2017.01), Medline (1966-2017.01), PubMed (1966-2017.01), ScienceDirect (1985-2017.01), web of science (1950-2017...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489761/quality-of-life-in-adolescent-patients-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-after-brace-treatment-a-meta-analysis
#17
Zeng-Dong Meng, Tian-Peng Li, Xu-Hua Xie, Chong Luo, Xing-Ye Lian, Ze-Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Whether brace-treated adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have improved quality of life (QoL) is still unknown. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to compare the QoL of brace-treated AIS patients with untreated AIS patients. The pain, self-image/appearance, mental health, function/activity, satisfaction with management, total score without satisfaction, and total score of patients were used to measure the QoL after the intervention. METHODS: Multiple electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were searched for all years up to June 30, 2016...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489144/modified-simple-decompression-in-the-treatment-of-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-avoiding-ulnar-nerve-subluxation
#18
Marcus André Acioly, Amanda Mendes Soares, Mariana Lopes de Almeida, Renata Barbosa, Egon Daxbacher, Carlos Henrique Carvalho
Objective: In this study, we propose a modification to the simple decompression technique that contains the ulnar nerve in the cubital fossa, thus preventing subluxation during forearm flexion movements. Methods: Five consecutive patients with leprosy-associated cubital tunnel syndrome underwent surgery with the modified technique between July 2011 and October 2012. Results: The most common symptoms were neuropathic pain and sensory changes (both 60%)...
April 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487184/symptom-assessment-in-non-vocal-or-cognitively-impaired-icu-patients-implications-for-practice-and-future-research
#19
REVIEW
JiYeon Choi, Margaret L Campbell, Céline Gélinas, Mary Beth Happ, Judith Tate, Linda Chlan
BACKGROUND: Symptom assessment in critically ill patients is challenging because many cannot provide a self-report. OBJECTIVES: To describe the state of the science on symptom communication and the assessment of selected physical symptoms in non-vocal ICU patients. METHODS: This paper summarizes a 2014 American Thoracic Society Annual International Conference symposium presenting current evidence on symptom communication, delirium, and the assessment of common physical symptoms (i...
May 6, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485385/posttraumatic-stress-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review-of-risk-and-vulnerability-factors
#20
REVIEW
K Pollock, D Dorstyn, L Butt, S Prentice
OBJECTIVES: To summarise quantitatively the available evidence relating to pretraumatic, peritraumatic and posttraumatic characteristics that may increase or decrease the risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following spinal cord injury (SCI). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Seventeen studies were identified from the PubMed, PsycInfo, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science and PILOTS databases. Effect size estimates (r) with associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs), P-values and fail-safe Ns were calculated...
May 9, 2017: Spinal Cord
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