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shoulder special tests

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214173/pyrocarbon-interposition-shoulder-arthroplasty-preliminary-results-from-a-prospective-multicenter-study-at-2-years-of-follow-up
#1
Jérôme Garret, Arnaud Godeneche, Pascal Boileau, Daniel Molé, Mikael Etzner, Luc Favard, Christophe Levigne, François Sirveaux, Marc-Olivier Gauci, Charles Dezaly, Gilles Walch
BACKGROUND: The concept of free interposition arthroplasty proved successful for small joints of the hand, wrist, and foot, particularly after the use of implants coated with pyrocarbon, which enhanced their tribologic and elastic properties. The present study reports preliminary outcomes of a pyrocarbon-coated interposition shoulder arthroplasty (PISA) implant. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 67 consecutive patients who underwent shoulder PISA at 9 centers...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173784/a-protocol-for-a-new-methodological-model-for-work-related-shoulder-complex-injuries-from-diagnosis-to-rehabilitation
#2
Igor Setuain, Miriam Gonzalez-Izal, Ainara Paularena, Jose Luis Luque, Lars L Andersen, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: Work-related injuries of the shoulder complex represent a challenge for clinicians because of the large variety of clinical entities involved and the broad anatomic structures that can be affected. Furthermore, commonly performed orthopedic tests have demonstrated limited accuracy for diagnosing the injury despite considerable research efforts. The aim of this study protocol is therefore to describe a comprehensive approach integrating both a clinical- and functional status-based pathology and an adapted rehabilitation prescription...
February 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048019/su-f-t-76-total-skin-electron-therapy-an-end-to-end-examination-of-the-absolute-dosimetry-with-a-rando-phantom
#3
G Cui, J Ha, S Zhou, J Cui, A Shiu
PURPOSE: To examine and validate the absolute dose for total skin electron therapy (TSET) through an end-to-end test with a Rando phantom using optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters (OSLDs) and EBT3 radiochromic films. METHODS: A Varian Trilogy linear accelerator equipped with the special procedure 6 MeV HDTSe- was used to perform TSET irradiations using a modified Stanford 6-dual-field technique. The absolute dose was calibrated using a Markus ion chamber at a reference depth of 1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047444/mo-fg-campus-jep3-02-a-novel-setup-approach-to-improve-c-spine-curvature-reproducibility-for-head-and-neck-radiotherapy-using-optical-surface-imaging-with-two-regions-of-interest
#4
K Ryan, M Gil, C Della Biancia, G Li
PURPOSE: To develop a novel approach to improve cervical spine (c-spine) curvature reproducibility for head and neck (HN) patients using optical surface imaging (OSI) with two regions of interests (ROIs). METHODS: The OSI-guided, two-step setup procedure requires two ROIs: ROI-1 of the shoulders and ROI-2 of the face. The neck can be stretched or squeezed in superior-inferior (SI) direction using a specially-designed sliding head support. We hypothesize that when these two ROIs are aligned, the c-spine should fall into a naturally reproducible position under same setup conditions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900200/inter-rater-reliability-of-the-shoulder-symptom-modification-procedure-in-people-with-shoulder-pain
#5
Jeremy S Lewis, Karen McCreesh, Eva Barratt, Eric J Hegedus, Julius Sim
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal conditions involving the shoulder are common and, because of the importance of the upper limb and hand in daily function, symptoms in this region are commonly associated with functional impairment in athletic and non-athletic populations. Deriving a definitive diagnosis as to the cause of shoulder symptoms is fraught with difficulty. Limitations have been recognised for imaging and for orthopaedic special tests. 1 solution is to partially base management on the response to tests aimed at reducing the severity of the patient's perception of symptoms...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663286/acute-high-grade-acromioclavicular-dislocations-treated-with-triple-button-device-minar-preliminary-results
#6
José Antonio Cano-Martínez, Gregorio Nicolás-Serrano, Julio Bento-Gerard, Francisco Picazo-Marín, Josefina Andrés-Grau
OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical and radiological results of triple button device in the treatment of high-grade AC dislocations (Rockwood, type V) and assess whether improves vertical and horizontal stability compared to the techniques previously described. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 39 patients with type V acromioclavicular dislocations treated with Twin Tail TightRope™ system (triple button device). Of the 39 patients, 33 (26 men and 7 women) were able to participate in clinical and radiographic follow up...
November 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505960/-clinical-research-on-the-efficiency-of-physical-examinations-used-for-diagnosis-of-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#7
Cheng-wei Chen, Zhe-er Pan, Chao Zhang, Cai-long Liu, Lei Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and diagnosis accuracy of 5 special tests used for the diagnosis of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). METHODS: A prospective blinded cohort study was taken,in which 105 patients with shoulder pain were reviewed. All the patients took 5 special syndrome tests including Neer syndrome, Hawkins-Kennedy syndrome, painful arc empty can test and external rotation resistance test, also underwent arthroscopic surgical examination...
May 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386812/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-special-tests-for-rotator-cuff-tear-the-row-cohort-study
#8
Nitin B Jain, Jennifer Luz, Laurence D Higgins, Yan Dong, Jon J P Warner, Elizabeth Matzkin, Jeffrey N Katz
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess diagnostic accuracy of 15 shoulder special tests for rotator cuff tears. DESIGN: From February 2011 to December 2012, 208 participants with shoulder pain were recruited in a cohort study. RESULTS: Among tests for supraspinatus tears, Jobe test had a sensitivity of 88% (95% confidence interval [CI], 80%-96%), specificity of 62% (95% CI, 53%-71%), and likelihood ratio of 2.30 (95% CI, 1.79-2.95). The full can test had a sensitivity of 70% (95% CI, 59%-82%) and a specificity of 81% (95% CI, 74%-88%)...
July 6, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26992477/computer-assisted-template-guided-custom-designed-3d-printed-implant-placement-with-custom-designed-3d-printed-surgical-tooling-an-in-vitro-proof-of-a-novel-concept
#9
David Anssari Moin, Wiebe Derksen, Hugo Waars, Bassam Hassan, Daniel Wismeijer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to introduce a new concept for computer-assisted template-guided placement of a custom 3D-designed/3D-printed implant with congruent custom 3D-designed/3D-printed surgical tooling and to test the feasibility and accuracy of this method in-vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One partially edentulous human mandibular cadaver was scanned with a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) system and intra-oral scan system. The 3D data of this cadaver were imported in specialized software and used to analyse the region of a missing tooth...
March 19, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26907556/a-novel-approach-for-computer-assisted-template-guided-autotransplantation-of-teeth-with-custom-3d-designed-printed-surgical-tooling-an-ex%C3%A2-vivo-proof-of-concept
#10
David Anssari Moin, Wiebe Derksen, J P Verweij, Richard van Merkesteyn, Daniel Wismeijer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to introduce a novel method for accurate autotransplantation with computer-assisted guided templates and assembled custom-designed surgical tooling and to test the feasibility and accuracy of this method ex vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A partially edentulous human mandibular cadaver was scanned with a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) system and an intraoral scan system. The 3-dimensional (3D) data of this cadaver were imported into specialized software and used to analyze the region of the recipient site and the donor tooth was selected...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26850683/interrater-reliability-of-the-cervicothoracic-and-shoulder-physical-examination-in-patients-with-a-primary-complaint-of-shoulder-pain
#11
Scott A Burns, Joshua A Cleland, Kristin Carpenter, Paul E Mintken
OBJECTIVE: Examine the interrater reliability of cervicothoracic and shoulder physical examination in patients with a primary complaint of shoulder pain. DESIGN: Single-group repeated-measures design for interrater reliability. SETTING: Orthopaedic physical therapy clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one patients with a primary complaint of shoulder pain underwent a standardized examination by a physical therapist (PT). A PT conducted the first examination and one of two additional PTs conducted the 2nd examination...
March 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26814255/prevalence-and-time-course-of-post-stroke-pain-a-multicenter-prospective-hospital-based-study
#12
Stefano Paolucci, Marco Iosa, Danilo Toni, Piero Barbanti, Paolo Bovi, Anna Cavallini, E Candeloro, Alessia Mancini, Mauro Mancuso, Serena Monaco, Alessio Pieroni, Serena Recchia, Maria Sessa, Davide Strambo, Michele Tinazzi, Giorgio Cruccu, Andrea Truini
OBJECTIVE: Pain prevalence data for patients at various stages after stroke. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional, observational epidemiological study. SETTING: Hospital-based multicenter study. SUBJECTS: Four hundred forty-three prospectively enrolled stroke survivors. METHODS: All patients underwent bedside clinical examination. The different types of post-stroke pain (central post-stroke pain, musculoskeletal pains, shoulder pain, spasticity-related pain, and headache) were diagnosed with widely accepted criteria during the acute, subacute, and chronic stroke stages...
May 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26376446/association-of-shoulder-problems-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-at-discharge-from-inpatient-rehabilitation-with-activities-and-participation-5-years-later
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Inge Eriks-Hoogland, Sonja de Groot, Govert Snoek, Gerold Stucki, Marcel Post, Lucas van der Woude
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether musculoskeletal shoulder pain and limitations in shoulder range of motion (ROM) at discharge from first rehabilitation are associated with activities and participation restrictions 5 years later in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Eight specialized SCI rehabilitation centers. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects (N=138) with an SCI admitted for first rehabilitation...
January 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26162982/determination-of-a-new-computed-tomography-method-for-measuring-the-glenoid-version-and-comparing-with-a-reference-method-radio-anatomical-and-retrospective-study
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Julien Andrin, Charbel Macaron, Pierre Pottecher, Pierre Martz, Emmanuel Baulot, Pierre Trouilloud, Brice Viard
PURPOSE: In the literature, there are several techniques for measuring the glenoidal version of the scapula. The superiority of the scannographic measurement over the standard radiologic measures seems evident. The main problems are the evaluation and the reproducibility of these methods, which are dependent on the quality of the CT scan and the orientation of its sections. We pinpoint a simple method of the "scapular triangle", the reliability of which deserves special consideration...
March 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26154155/block-periodized-training-improves-physiological-and-tactically-relevant-performance-in-naval-special-warfare-operators
#15
John P Abt, Jonathan M Oliver, Takashi Nagai, Timothy C Sell, Mita T Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Dallas E Wood, Scott M Lephart
Human performance training and prevention strategies are necessary to promote physical readiness and mitigate musculoskeletal injuries of the Naval Special Warfare (NSW) Operator. The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of 2 training programs when performed during a training evolution of Operators. A total of 85 Operators (experimental: n = 46, age: 29.4 ± 5.5 years, height: 176.7 ± 6.4 cm, mass: 86.7 ± 11.6 kg; control: n = 39, age: 29.0 ± 6.0 years, height: 177.1 ± 6.3 cm, mass: 85...
January 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26068325/comparison-of-the-effect-of-two-sports-training-methods-on-the-flexibility-of-rhythmic-gymnasts-at-different-levels-of-biological-maturation
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M F Bordalo, M De Nazaré Portal, S Cader, N V Perrotta, J M Dias Neto, E Dantas
AIM: The present study aimed to assess the effects of two different sports training methods - traditional and maturational - on the flexibility of female rhythmic gymnasts at different levels of biological maturation. METHODS: The sample consisted of 120 children, randomly divided (by draw) into six groups of 20 children (eight and nine-years old): traditional training group (TG); maturational training group (MG); and the control group (CG). These were subdivided into early, normal and late, based on biological maturation assessment by hand/wrist X-ray examination...
May 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26054034/the-human-shoulder-suspension-apparatus-a-causal-explanation-for-bilateral-asymmetry-and-a-fresh-look-at-the-evolution-of-human-bipedality
#17
Michelle L Osborn, Dominique G Homberger
The combination of large mastoid processes and clavicles is unique to humans, but the biomechanical and evolutionary significance of their special configuration is poorly understood. As part of the newly conceptualized shoulder suspension apparatus, the mastoid processes and clavicles are shaped by forces exerted by the musculo-fascial components of the cleidomastoid and clavotrapezius muscles as they suspend the shoulders from the head. Because both skeletal elements develop during infancy in tandem with the attainment of an upright posture, increased manual dexterity, and the capacity for walking, we hypothesized that the same forces would have shaped them as the shoulder suspension apparatus evolved in ancestral humans in tandem with an upright posture, increased manual dexterity, and bipedality with swinging arms...
September 2015: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25974381/measuring-eccentric-strength-of-the-shoulder-external-rotators-using-a-handheld-dynamometer-reliability-and-validity
#18
Fredrik R Johansson, Eva Skillgate, Mattis L Lapauw, Dorien Clijmans, Valentijn P Deneulin, Tanneke Palmans, Human Kinetic Engineer, Ann M Cools
CONTEXT: Shoulder strength assessment plays an important role in the clinical examination of the shoulder region. Eccentric strength measurements are of special importance in guiding the clinician in injury prevention or return-to-play decisions after injury. OBJECTIVE: To examine the absolute and relative reliability and validity of a standardized eccentric strength-measurement protocol for the glenohumeral external rotators. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
July 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25723993/scaling-up-hiv-responses-with-key-populations-in-west-africa
#19
Tisha Wheeler, R Cameron Wolf, Laurent Kapesa, Alison Cheng Surdo, Gina Dallabetta
BACKGROUND: Despite decades of HIV responses in pockets of West and Central Africa (WCA), the HIV response with key populations remains an understudied area. Recently, there has been a proliferation of studies highlighting epidemiologic and behavioral data that challenge attitudes of complacency among donors and country governments uncomfortable in addressing key populations. METHODS: The articles in this series highlight new studies that provide a better understanding of the epidemiologic and structural burden facing key populations in the WCA region and how to improve responses through more effective targeting...
March 1, 2015: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25452499/forelimb-muscle-architecture-and-myosin-isoform-composition-in-the-groundhog-marmota-monax
#20
Joseph E Rupert, Jacob A Rose, Jason M Organ, Michael T Butcher
Scratch-digging mammals are commonly described as having large, powerful forelimb muscles for applying high force to excavate earth, yet studies quantifying the architectural properties of the musculature are largely unavailable. To further test hypotheses about traits that represent specializations for scratch-digging, we quantified muscle architectural properties and myosin expression in the forelimb of the groundhog (Marmota monax), a digger that constructs semi-complex burrows. Architectural properties measured were muscle moment arm, muscle mass (MM), belly length (ML), fascicle length (l(F)), pennation angle and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA), and these metrics were used to estimate maximum isometric force, joint torque and power...
January 15, 2015: Journal of Experimental Biology
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