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Hrvoje Barić, Veljko Đorđević, Ivan Cerovečki, Vladimir Trkulja
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to evaluate efficacy/safety of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) methods for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) based on randomized controlled trials in adults. METHODS: Data sources. Six electronic databases ("generalized anxiety (disorder)" and "randomized trial") and reference lists of identified publications were searched to March 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Eligibility: full-text publications (English, German language); CAM versus conventional treatment, placebo/sham or no treatment; GAD diagnosed according to standard criteria; and a validated scale for disease severity...
March 5, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Michele Antonelli, Davide Donelli
Balneotherapy and spa therapy are well-known practices, even though limited evidence has been produced about their biological effects. This systematic review primarily aims at assessing if balneotherapy, mud/peloid therapy, and spa therapy may influence cortisol levels. Secondarily, it aims at understanding if these interventions may improve stress resilience. PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for relevant articles in English or Italian about studies involving healthy and sub-healthy subjects or patients with a diagnosed disease about effects of balneotherapy, mud/peloid therapy, and spa therapy on serum and salivary cortisol levels...
February 18, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
N G Myazina
The Peri-Caspian Lowland megabasin is a vast region of ancient salt accumulation that occurred during the Permian period. The territory over which the salt domes were formed gave rise to and accumulated huge resources of subterranean brackish and salted waters within the hypergenesis zone that also included brine and mineral mud lakes containing chemical elements of great therapeutic value. Nowadays, the subterranean waters (leaches, pools, and springs) provide the sources of the mineral-rich materials of balneological significance, such as sulfide, bromine, and boron-containing mineral waters the ion and mineral composition of which together with the high degree of mineralization makes them highly valuable for medicinal applications...
December 5, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Gáti Tamás, Tefner Ildikó Katalin, Kovács Lajos, Hodosi Katalin, Bender Tamás
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of balneotherapy on chronic low back pain. This is a minimized, follow-up study evaluated according to the analysis of intention to treat. The subjects included in the study were 105 patients suffering from chronic low back pain. The control group (n = 53) received the traditional musculoskeletal pain killer treatment, while the target group (n = 52) attended thermal mineral water treatment for 3 weeks for 15 occasions on top of the usual musculoskeletal pain killer treatment...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
Dariusz Dobrzyński, Anna Boguszewska-Czubara, Kenji Sugimori
Germanium is considered to be a non-essential element; however, little is still known about its significance for living organisms. It exerts prophylactic and therapeutic effects in the treatment of serious diseases such as cancer, HIV infection, and others. Germanium does not exhibit acute toxicity, but, as it tends to accumulate in various organs and tissues, undesirable and even dangerous side effects have been reported after prolonged and/or high dosage application. In general, inorganic compounds of germanium are more toxic than its organic compounds...
January 3, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Fatih Karaarslan, Kagan Ozkuk, Serap Seringec Karabulut, Seldag Bekpinar, Mufit Zeki Karagulle, Nergis Erdogan
The study aims to investigate the effect of spa treatment on vascular endothelium and clinical symptoms of generalized osteoarthritis. Forty generalized osteoarthritis (GOA) patients referred to a government spa hospital, and 40 GOA patients followed on university hospital locomotor system disease ambulatory clinics were included as study and control groups, respectively. Study group received spa treatment including thermal water baths, physical therapy modalities, and exercises. Control group was followed with home exercises for 15 days...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
Laetitia Peultier-Celli, Didier Mainard, Frank Wein, Nicolas Paris, Patrick Boisseau, Alexandre Ferry, René Gueguen, Isabelle Chary-Valckenaere, Jean Paysant, Philippe Perrin
Background: Instability of the knee, related to anterior cruciate ligament injury, is treated by surgical reconstruction. During recovery, a loss of proprioceptive input can have a significant impact. Few studies have evaluated the benefits of rehabilitation of the knee in aquatic environment on functional outcomes. Objective: This study aimed to compare an innovative rehabilitation protocol combining reduced conventional rehabilitation with aquatic rehabilitation, with a conventional rehabilitation, according to the National French Health Authority, in terms of kinetics, development of proprioceptive skills, and functional improvement of the knee...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
Iván Péter, Anna Jagicza, Zénó Ajtay, Imre Boncz, István Kiss, Katalin Szendi, Péter Kustán, Balázs Németh
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to report a balneotherapy-based psoriasis rehabilitation protocol and assess its effectivity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty psoriatic patients who underwent a 3-week-long inward balneotherapy-based rehabilitation were enrolled. Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) were determined on admission and before discharge. RESULTS: The mean PASI score and CRP level -determined on admission and before discharge-decreased significantly after the 3-week-long rehabilitation 7...
November 2017: In Vivo
Johny Bajgai, Ailyn Fadriquela, Jesmin Ara, Rahima Begum, Md Faruk Ahmed, Cheol-Su Kim, Soo-Ki Kim, Kwang-Yong Shim, Kyu-Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing allergic inflammatory skin disease that currently affects millions of children and adults worldwide. Drugs used to treat these inflammatory diseases include anti-histamines, corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors but these drugs have their limitations such as adverse effects with their long-term usage. Thus, researcher's interest in several alternative and complementary therapies are continually growing and balneotherapy is one of these approaches...
October 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Vinzenz Oji, Marie-Luise Preil, Barbara Kleinow, Geske Wehr, Judith Fischer, Hans Christian Hennies, Ingrid Hausser, Dirk Breitkreutz, Karin Aufenvenne, Karola Stieler, Illiana Tantcheva-Poór, Stefan Weidinger, Steffen Emmert, Henning Hamm, Ana Maria Perusquia-Ortiz, Irina Zaraeva, Anja Diem, Kathrin Giehl, Regina Fölster-Holst, Kirstin Kiekbusch, Peter Höger, Hagen Ott, Heiko Traupe
Ichthyoses are a group of rare genetic skin disorders that pose numerous clinical challenges, in particular with respect to the correct diagnosis and appropriate management. The present update of the German ichthyosis guidelines addresses recent diagnostic advances that have resulted in the Sorèze consensus classification. In this context, we provide an updated diagnostic algorithm, taking into account clinical features as well as the molecular genetic basis of these disorders. Moreover, we highlight current therapeutic approaches such as psychosocial support, balneotherapy, mechanical scale removal, topical therapy, and systemic retinoid therapy...
October 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Adrienn Hanzel, Krisztina Horvát, Bálint Molics, Károly Berényi, Balázs Németh, Katalin Szendi, Csaba Varga
Since 1966, Szigetvár in Hungary is well recognised as a thermal spa. Many patients suffering from rheumatic diseases are treated with its thermal mineral water. Our objective was to investigate the effects of a 3-week-long outpatient balneotherapy-based rehabilitation program on patients suffering from osteoarthritis of the hips and the knees. During the treatment period, patients received a 30-min underwater jet massage in a bath tub, five times a week. One patient group received jet massage in a bath tub containing mineral water; the other group received the same treatment in tap water...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
Stefano Masiero, Filippo Vittadini, Costanza Ferroni, Anna Bosco, Roberto Serra, Anna Chiara Frigo, Antonio Frizziero
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis clinically characterized by joint pain, functional limitation, and reduced quality of life. Several studies have shown a clear link between obesity and higher risk of knee OA. According to the multifactorial OA pathogenesis, the management of this condition requires a multidisciplinary approach. The objective of this study is to evaluate hydrokinesitherapy effects in thermal setting in obese patients with knee OA. Fifty-three patients were assessed for eligibility, of which 33 refused the treatment, while 10 patients dropped out after the enrollment for personal reasons or inability to adhere to the program...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
Bei Yang, Qi-Zhong Qin, Ling-Li Han, Jing Lin, Yu Chen
To investigate the relieving effects of hot spring balneotherapy on mental stress, sleep disorder, general health problems, and women's health problems in sub-healthy people, we recruited 500 volunteers in sub-health in Chongqing, and 362 volunteers completed the project, including 223 in the intervention group and 139 in the control group. The intervention group underwent hot spring balneotherapy for 5 months, while the control group did not. The two groups took questionnaire investigation (general data, mental stress, emotional status, sleep quality, general health problems, as well as some women's health problems) and physical examination (height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipid, blood sugar) 5 months before and after the intervention, respectively...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
Li Xu, Lin Wu, Tingting Liu, Wenrong Xing, Xinsheng Cao, Shu Zhang, Zongyi Su
[Purpose] The aim of our study was to explore the changes in the blood of servicemen in sub-health conditions during a 21-day balneotherapy program. [Subjects and Methods] For this study, 129 servicemen in sub-health condition were recruited. The subjects were randomly divided into either the balneotherapy group (70) or the control group (59). Subjects in the balneotherapy group received whole-body immersion bath therapy in thermomineral water (30 min daily) for 21 days. Their blood samples were examined 1 day before and after balneotherapy...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Mine Karagülle, Sinan Kardeş, Rian Dişçi, Müfit Zeki Karagülle
This study aims to investigate whether 2-week spa therapy, as an adjunct to usual pharmacological therapy, has any beneficial effect in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this single-blind crossover study, 50 patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 manner to receive usual pharmacological therapy plus 2-week spa therapy or usual pharmacological therapy alone (period 1.6 months); after a 9-month washout, patients were crossed over to the opposite assignment (period 2.6 months). Spa therapy program included a daily saline balneotherapy session at 36-37 °C for 20 min except Sundays...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
Franziska Matzer, Eva Nagele, Nikolaus Lerch, Christian Vajda, Christian Fazekas
Both physical activity and relaxation have stress-relieving potential. This study investigates their combined impact on the relaxation response while considering participants' initial stress level. In a randomized cross-over trial, 81 healthy adults completed 4 types of short-term interventions for stress reduction, each lasting for 1 hr: (1) physical activity (walking) combined with resting, (2) walking combined with balneotherapy, (3) combined resting and balneotherapy, and (4) resting only. Saliva cortisol, blood pressure, state of mood, and relaxation were measured preintervention and postintervention...
August 25, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Esra Aycan Ustyol, Fatih Karaarslan, Seldag Bekpinar, Kagan Ozkuk, Nergis Erdogan
Context • Balneotherapy is one of the most commonly used nonpharmacological interventions for osteoarthritis (OA), but its mechanism of action in relieving pain and stiffness and in improving physical function is not well understood. Studies have found that therapy provokes a series of neuroendocrinal reactions with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lipid, has been implicated as an important mediator in the maintenance of physiological processes (eg, vascular barrier integrity) and in pathophysiologic processes such as inflammatory conditions...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
M Stier-Jarmer, D Frisch, C Oberhauser, G Immich, M Kirschneck, A Schuh
Moor mud applications in the form of packs and baths are widely used therapeutically as part of balneotherapy. They are commonly given as therapy for musculoskeletal disorders, with their thermo-physical effects being furthest studied. Moor baths are one of the key therapeutic elements in our recently developed and evaluated 3-week prevention program for subjects with high stress level and increased risk of developing a burnout syndrome. An embedded pilot study add-on to this core project was carried out to assess the relaxing effect of a single moor bath...
November 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
Isabel Santos, Pedro Cantista, Carlos Vasconcelos, João Amado
BACKGROUND: The effects of balneotherapy on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are still controversial partly due to poor methodology used in randomized controlled trials, as reported in the international medical literature. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether spa therapy plus pharmacological treatment offers any benefit in the management of RA as compared to pharmacological treatment alone. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, controlled, unblinded randomly assigned study of patients with RA according to American College of Rheumatology criteria...
August 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
V N Bekhterev, E A Kabina
The mineral waters, enriched with organic substances find extensive application in balneotherapy. The fast and efficient methods for the identification and quantitative measurement of organic compounds (in the first place, organic acids) in such waters need to be developed for the estimation of their quality and biological activity. AIM: The objective of the present study was to elaborate a gas chromatographic method for the determination of monobasic carbonic acids in sulfide-containing mineral waters by means of extractive freezing-out in combination with the application of the centrifugal forces for the elucidation of the metrological characteristics of the compounds of interest...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
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