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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441037/preseason-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-prospective-injury-risk-in-collegiate-athletes
#1
Hongmei Li, Jennifer J Moreland, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: Psychological risk factors are increasingly recognized as important in sport-related injury prevention. Understanding how these psychological factors may affect the risk of injuries could help design effective prevention programs. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of reported preseason anxiety and depressive symptoms on the risk of injuries during a prospective season in a cohort of collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439243/relationships-between-behavioural-addictions-and-psychiatric-disorders-what-is-known-and-what-is-yet-to-be-learned
#2
Vladan Starcevic, Yasser Khazaal
This article provides a narrative review of the relationships between several behavioural addictions [pathological gambling, problematic Internet use (PIU), problematic online gaming, compulsive sexual behaviour disorder, compulsive buying, and exercise addiction] and psychiatric disorders. Associations between most behavioural addictions and depressive and anxiety disorders are strong and seem relatively non-specific. Strong links with substance use disorders may support the notion that some people are more prone to addictive behaviours, regardless of whether these involve substances or problematic activities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439031/explaining-negative-kin-discrimination-in-a-cooperative-mammal-society
#3
Faye J Thompson, Michael A Cant, Harry H Marshall, Emma I K Vitikainen, Jennifer L Sanderson, Hazel J Nichols, Jason S Gilchrist, Matthew B V Bell, Andrew J Young, Sarah J Hodge, Rufus A Johnstone
Kin selection theory predicts that, where kin discrimination is possible, animals should typically act more favorably toward closer genetic relatives and direct aggression toward less closely related individuals. Contrary to this prediction, we present data from an 18-y study of wild banded mongooses, Mungos mungo, showing that females that are more closely related to dominant individuals are specifically targeted for forcible eviction from the group, often suffering severe injury, and sometimes death, as a result...
April 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438635/testosterone-and-cortisol-responses-in-male-soccer-players-the-effect-of-home-and-away-venues
#4
Melissa Fothergill, Sandy Wolfson, Nick Neave
The present studies examined the influence of playing venue on psychobiological responses in male soccer players. Many studies have demonstrated the existence of a home advantage, wherein teams perform better at home than away. A recent focus has attempted to explain this advantage from a psychobiological perspective, with studies showing hormonal differences with regard to venue, game outcome, dominance and perceived stress. Two studies investigated testosterone and cortisol responses in relation to home and away venues...
April 21, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438305/cardiovascular-response-to-recreational-hockey-in-middle-aged-men
#5
Zack A Goodman, Scott G Thomas, Robert C Wald, Jack M Goodman
The present study examined the hemodynamic response to recreational pick-up hockey relative to maximal exercise testing in middle-aged men. A total of 23 men with a mean age of 53 ± 7 years were studied. Graded exercise testing on a cycle ergometer determined maximal oxygen consumption, blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR). Ambulatory BP and Holter electrocardiographic monitoring was performed during one of their weekly hockey games (mean duration = 45 ± 7.2 minutes): for "On-Ice" responses (PLAY; data recorded while standing immediately after a shift; 8...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437195/home-health-chains-and-practice-patterns-evidence-of-2008-medicare-reimbursement-revision
#6
Sean Shenghsiu Huang, Hyunjee Kim
Home health agencies (HHAs) are known to exploit the Medicare reimbursement schedule by targeting a specific number of therapy visits. These targeting behaviors cause unnecessary medical spending. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services estimates that during fiscal year 2015, Medicare made more than $10 billion in improper payments to HHAs. Better understanding of heterogeneous gaming behaviors among HHAs can inform policy makers to more effectively oversee the home health care industry. This article aims to study how home health chains adjust and adopt new targeting behaviors as compared to independent agencies under the new reimbursement schedule...
February 23, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437120/mindfulness-oriented-recovery-enhancement-for-internet-gaming-disorder-in-u-s-adults-a-stage-i-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Wen Li, Eric L Garland, Patricia McGovern, Jennifer E O'Brien, Christine Tronnier, Matthew O Howard
Empirical studies have identified increasing rates of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and associated adverse consequences. However, very few evidence-based interventions have been evaluated for IGD or problematic video gaming behaviors. This study evaluated Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE) as a treatment for IGD. Thirty adults (Mage = 25.0, SD = 5.4) with IGD or problematic video gaming behaviors were randomized to 8 weeks of group-based MORE or 8 weeks of a support group (SG) control condition...
April 24, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436914/a-time-variant-log-linear-learning-approach-to-the-set-k-cover-problem-in-wireless-sensor-networks
#8
Changhao Sun
Toward the global optimality of the SET K-COVER problem in wireless sensor networks, we view each sensor node as a rational player and propose a time variant log-linear learning algorithm (TVLLA) that relies on local information only. By defining the local utility as the normalized area covered by one node alone, we formulate the problem as a spatial potential game. The resulting optimal Nash equilibria correspond to the optimal partition. Such equilibria are obtained by designing a time varying parameter β that approaches infinity with time...
April 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436891/off-policy-reinforcement-learning-for-synchronization-in-multiagent-graphical-games
#9
Jinna Li, Hamidreza Modares, Tianyou Chai, Frank L Lewis, Lihua Xie
This paper develops an off-policy reinforcement learning (RL) algorithm to solve optimal synchronization of multiagent systems. This is accomplished by using the framework of graphical games. In contrast to traditional control protocols, which require complete knowledge of agent dynamics, the proposed off-policy RL algorithm is a model-free approach, in that it solves the optimal synchronization problem without knowing any knowledge of the agent dynamics. A prescribed control policy, called behavior policy, is applied to each agent to generate and collect data for learning...
April 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436212/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-epidemiological-studies-of-internet-gaming-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Satoko Mihara, Susumu Higuchi
AIM: The diagnostic criteria of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) have been included in section III of DSM-5. This study aims to systematically review both cross-sectional and longitudinal epidemiological studies of IGD. METHODS: All publications included in PubMed and PsychINFO up to May 2016 were systematically searched to identify cross-sectional studies on prevalence and longitudinal studies of IGD. In the process of identification, articles in non-English languages, and studies focusing solely on the use of gaming were excluded, and those meeting the methodological requirements set by this review were included...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435769/gambling-behavior-among-macau-college-and-university-students
#11
Sut Mei Kam, Irene Lai Kuen Wong, Ernest Moon Tong So, David Kin Cheong Un, Chris Hon Wa Chan
This survey investigated gambling behavior among Chinese students studying in Macau colleges and universities. It also aimed to examine the relationship between problem gambling, affect states and sensation seeking propensity. A convenience sample of 999 students (370 men, 629 women) filled a self-administered questionnaire consisted of the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) (Ferris and Wynne in The Canadian problem gambling index: User manual. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, Toronto 2001a), the 8-item Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (BSSS-8) (Hoyle et al...
2017: Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434585/translating-dynamic-defense-patterns-from-rodents-to-people
#12
REVIEW
D Caroline Blanchard
Specific defensive behaviors of rodents are shaped by features of the eliciting threat stimuli and situation. Threat scenarios confirmed these relationships in people, with results substantially replicated in 4 additional scenario studies. Subsequent human studies involve computer games measuring fear as flight from threat stimuli and anxiety as alternation between two threats. Stabilometric studies have shown reduction in sway (freezing) to inescapable (e.g. with gun pointed at subject) threatening photographs; but enhanced lateral sway (flight attempts) to escapable threats; (gun pointed away from subject)...
May 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434570/novel-binocular-ipad-game-treatment-for-amblyopia
#13
Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434054/patterns-of-gambling-activities-and-gambling-problems-among-italian-high-school-students-results-from-a-latent-class-analysis
#14
Nicola De Luigi, Dino Gibertoni, Emanuela Randon, Antonello E Scorcu
This study aims to provide an estimate of the prevalence of gambling among Italian adolescents and a description of their patterns of gambling activities (PGAs) using a latent class analysis on 13 different types of games. A nationwide sample of 10,959 Italian high school students was recruited in 2013. We assessed problem gambling using the South Oaks Gambling Screen: Revisited for Adolescent (SOGS-RA) scale. Approximately half (50.6%) of students reported gambling at least once in the previous year; 5.0% of them were problem gamblers and 9...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433975/absolute-benefits-of-empagliflozin-in-type-2-diabetes-a-game-changer
#15
EDITORIAL
Cyrus R Kumana, Kathryn C B Tan, Bernard M Y Cheung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432409/innovative-treatment-modalities-for-urinary-incontinence-a-european-survey-identifying-experience-and-attitude-of-healthcare-providers
#16
Arnoud W Kastelein, Maarten F A Dicker, Brent C Opmeer, Sonia S Angles, Kaisa E Raatikainen, Joan F Alonso, Diana Tăut, Olavi Airaksinen, Linda D Cardozo, Jan-Paul W R Roovers
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urinary incontinence is a common condition in women, with a reported prevalence ranging from 25% to 51%. Of these women, an estimated 38% suffer from stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A European research consortium is investigating an innovative system based on information and communication technology for the conservative treatment of women with SUI. When introducing a new intervention, implementation barriers arise and need to be identified. Therefore, we investigated healthcare providers' experience with and attitude towards innovative care options...
April 21, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432227/time-to-stop-the-blame-game
#17
Kathryn Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#18
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431897/failure-renal-aetiology-in-patients-with-infective-endocarditis-the-role-of-antibiotics
#19
Miguel Ángel Goenaga Sánchez, Xabier Kortajarena Urkola, Emilio Bouza Santiago, Patricia Muñoz García, Eduardo Verde Moreno, M Carmen Fariñas Álvarez, Ramón Teira Cobo, Juan Manuel Pericás Pulido, Arístides de Alarcón González, Dolores Sousa Regueiro, Josefa Ruiz Morales, Regino José Rodríguez-Álvarez, Isabel Antorrena Miranda, José Antonio Iribarren Loyarte
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The possible renal toxicity of certain antibiotics (AB) is well known. The objective of our work is to know the possible effect of AB treatments in the development of renal failure (RF) in patients with infective endocarditis (IE). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Collection from a national multi-centre registry of collection on renal function, both prior and its impairment, if any, during the treatment of IE and in relation to possible causative factors, including the use of AB...
April 18, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431890/which-facilitates-the-evolution-of-cooperation-more-retaliation-or-persistence
#20
Shun Kurokawa
The existence of cooperation in this world is a mysterious phenomenon. One of the mechanisms that explain the evolution of cooperation is repeated interaction. If interactions between the same individuals repeat and individuals cooperate conditionally, cooperation can evolve. A previous study pointed out that if individuals have persistence (i.e., imitate its "own" behavior in the last move), cooperation can evolve. However, retaliation and persistence are not mutually exclusive decisions, but rather a trade-off in the decision making process of individuals...
April 18, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
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