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Advance orthopedic physical therapy

Nickolas J Nahm, H Kerr Graham, Mark E Gormley, Andrew G Georgiadis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review provides an update on the treatment of hypertonia in cerebral palsy, including physical management, pharmacotherapy, neurosurgical, and orthopedic procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Serial casting potentiates the effect of Botulinum neurotoxin A injections for spasticity. Deep brain stimulation, intraventricular baclofen, and ventral and dorsal rhizotomy are emerging tools for the treatment of dystonia and/or mixed tone. The long-term results of selective dorsal rhizotomy and the timing of orthopedic surgery represent recent advances in the surgical management of hypertonia...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Shala Cunningham, Joni McFelea
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe the influence of a post-graduate orthopedic manual therapy residency program in Kenya on the development of physical therapists' (PTs) knowledge and clinical reasoning related to the performance of a musculoskeletal examination and evaluation as compared to an experience-matched control group of PTs waiting to enter the program. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was utilized in which 12 graduating residents and 10 PTs entering the residency program completed a live-patient practical examination to assess the knowledge, clinical reasoning, and psychomotor skills related to the examination and evaluation of musculoskeletal conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Justin J Mitchell, Jorge Chahla, Alexander R Vap, Travis J Menge, Eduardo Soares, Jonathan M Frank, Chase S Dean, Marc J Philippon
Lateral hip pain associated with trochanteric bursitis is a common orthopedic condition, and can be debilitating in chronic or recalcitrant situations. Conservative management is the most common initial treatment and often results in resolution of symptoms and improved patient outcomes. These modalities include rest, activity modification, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, or corticosteroid injections. However, there is a subset of patients in which symptoms persist despite exhaustive conservative modalities...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Derek S Damrow, Scott E Van Valin
Patellar sleeve fractures make up greater than 50% of all patellar fractures. They are essentially only seen in the pediatric population because of the thick periosteum and the distal patellar pole apophysis in this group. These fractures can lead to complications if not treated appropriately and in a timely fashion. Complications of missed or untreated patellar sleeve fractures include patella alta, anterior knee pain, and quadriceps atrophy. These can all result in severe limitations in activity. The authors describe a case of a 16-year-old boy who sustained a patellar sleeve fracture 3 years prior to presentation...
March 1, 2017: Orthopedics
Jacob Budny, Joseph Fox, Michael Rauh, Marc Fineberg
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most commonly performed and researched orthopedic procedures. As technology and comparative research have advanced, surgical practices have changed to achieve a superior outcome. Our group performed a survey of orthopedic surgeons to evaluate current practice trends and techniques as a follow-up to similar surveys performed in 1999 and 2006. In a survey between 2013 and 2014 consisting of 35 questions regarding the surgical technique, graft choice, fixation method, and perioperative care in ACL reconstruction was sent electronically to the members of the American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine and the Arthroscopy Association of North America...
January 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
Trevor A Lentz, Jason M Beneciuk, Joel E Bialosky, Giorgio Zeppieri, Yunfeng Dai, Samuel S Wu, Steven Z George
Study Design Clinical measurement, cross-sectional. Background Pain-associated psychological distress adversely influences outcomes for patients with musculoskeletal pain. However, assessment of pain-associated psychological distress (ie, yellow flags) is not routinely performed in orthopaedic physical therapy practice. A standardized yellow flag assessment tool will better inform treatment decision making related to psychologically informed practice. Objectives To describe the development of a concise, multidimensional yellow flag assessment tool for application in orthopaedic physical therapy clinical practice...
May 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Mary H Wertz, Mustafa Sahin
Spinal muscular atrophy is an autosomal-recessive pediatric neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of spinal motor neurons. It is caused by mutation in the gene survival of motor neuron 1 (SMN1), leading to loss of function of the full-length SMN protein. SMN has a number of functions in neurons, including RNA splicing and snRNP biogenesis in the nucleus, and RNA trafficking in neurites. The expression level of full-length SMN protein from the SMN2 locus modifies disease severity. Increasing full-length SMN protein by a small amount can lead to significant improvements in the neurological phenotype...
February 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
S Bonfiglioli Stagni, P Tomba, A ViganĂ², A Zati, M G Benedetti
The First World War produced a huge number of disabled soldiers. During the war, surgeons realized that it was not enough to merely treat the limbs of the wounded soldiers; it was also necessary to train them to use their remaining abilities to their greatest capacity. Governments at the same time realized that such a high number of veterans created a financial burden, by entitling disabled veterans to full healthcare, raising the issues of social welfare. Both in the US and Europe, programs of rehabilitation were instituted, providing injured soldiers with long-term medical care and vocational training aimed at restituting soldier's independence for a speedy return to work...
June 2015: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Amitai Ziv, Rachet Talmi, Meirav Gary-Cohen, Wendy Chen
This editorial is in response to Bar-Sela, Bentur, Schultz and Corn's article entitled "Spiritual care in hospitals and other healthcare settings in Israel--a profession in the making", published in Harefuah in May 2014. The integration of spiritual support into hospitals marks an interesting trend in light of the current emphases in the Israeli medical system on technological advancement, financial feasibility and quantifiable quality measures. This step is evidence of the importance still attached by policy and decisionmakers to those human aspects of illness and disease, which are difficult to define and measure...
November 2014: Harefuah
Jamil Bashir, Alberto J Panero, Andrew L Sherman
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is one of many new developments within the expanding field of regenerative medicine. Specialists in areas such as orthopedics, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and rheumatology have been exploring the benefits of this novel therapy. Although PRP therapy remains controversial and has minimal clinical trial support, the use of orthobiologics such as PRP continues to advance as patients seek nonsurgical approaches to acute and chronic musculoskeletal injury and disease. However, academic acceptance as well as insurance reimbursement remain reliant on solid and repeatable positive results from large clinical trials...
January 2015: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Eric Alexander Lewallen, Scott M Riester, Carolina A Bonin, Hilal Maradit Kremers, Amel Dudakovic, Sanjeev Kakar, Robert C Cohen, Jennifer J Westendorf, David G Lewallen, Andre J van Wijnen
The biological interface between an orthopedic implant and the surrounding host tissue may have a dramatic effect upon clinical outcome. Desired effects include bony ingrowth (osseointegration), stimulation of osteogenesis (osteoinduction), increased vascularization, and improved mechanical stability. Implant loosening, fibrous encapsulation, corrosion, infection, and inflammation, as well as physical mismatch may have deleterious clinical effects. This is particularly true of implants used in the reconstruction of load-bearing synovial joints such as the knee, hip, and the shoulder...
April 2015: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
Marie B Corkery, Kristen L Edgar, Christine E Smith
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical practice of physical therapists and examine adherence to clinical guidelines for treating patients with whiplash associated disorders (WAD). METHODS: A cross-sectional electronic survey was sent to 1484 licensed physical therapists from the Orthopedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association and the American Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapists. The survey included demographic data and two clinical vignettes describing patients with acute and chronic WAD...
May 2014: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Patrick W Mantyh
Disorders of the skeleton are one of the most common causes of chronic pain and long-term physical disability in the world. Chronic skeletal pain is caused by a remarkably diverse group of conditions including trauma-induced fracture, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, low back pain, orthopedic procedures, celiac disease, sickle cell disease and bone cancer. While these disorders are diverse, what they share in common is that when chronic skeletal pain occurs in these disorders, there are currently few therapies that can fully control the pain without significant unwanted side effects...
February 2014: European Journal of Neuroscience
James A Blair, Johnny G Owens, Joey Saucedo, Joseph R Hsu
BACKGROUND: Customized foot plates attached to the foot ring of an ankle-spanning circular external fixator present a unique opportunity for patients undergoing complex lower-extremity limb salvage to participate in highly advanced weight-bearing physical therapy. The purpose of this study was to identify the rehabilitation capabilities afforded by this external fixator modification. METHODS: Surgical logs and radiographs were reviewed to identify all lower-extremity limb salvage patients from February 2008 to December 2010 treated with an ankle-spanning circular external fixator and a customized foot plate treated by the same orthopedic surgeon and enrolled in our institution's Return To Run clinical pathway...
June 2013: Foot & Ankle International
Crystal MacKay, Aileen M Davis, Nizar N Mahomed, Elizabeth M Badley
BACKGROUND: Specially trained physiotherapists (advanced practice physiotherapists (APP)) are working in orthopaedic clinics to improve access to orthopaedic services and support chronic disease management. Little attention has been paid to the impact APPs may have on non-surgical patients. In non-surgical patients with hip or knee arthritis consulting an APP in an orthopaedic clinic, the objectives were to: 1) describe patients' recall of APP recommendations, use of self-management strategies, and barriers to management six weeks following consultation; and, 2) compare exercise behaviour and self-efficacy at baseline and six weeks...
2012: BMC Research Notes
Ronald Huang, Claudio Diaz, Javad Parvizi
Acetabular labral tears have become an increasingly common diagnosis with the advancement of imaging techniques and hip arthroscopy. Therefore, understanding the anatomic significance, healing potential, and associated pathologies of labral tears is helpful. Furthermore, recognizing the clinical picture and understanding appropriate imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance arthrography, are essential to making a correct diagnosis. This article reviews the relevant anatomy, diagnosis, and management of acetabular labral tears for physicians of all specialties who may be involved in the care of patients with labral tears...
May 2012: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Roslyn B Evans
Despite advances in understanding of the mechanical aspects of tendon management with improved suture technique and early stress application with postoperative therapy, clinical results remain inconsistent after repair, especially within the synovial regions. Complementary research to enhance the intrinsic pathway of healing, suppress the extrinsic pathway of healing, and manipulate frictional resistance to tendon gliding is now the focus of current basic science research on tendons. In the future, application of these new biologic therapies may increase the "safety zone" (or tolerance for load and excursion without dysfunctional gapping) as therapists apply stress to healing tendons and may alter future rehabilitation protocols by allowing greater angles of motion (and thus tendon excursion), increased external load, and decreased time in protective orthoses (splints)...
April 2012: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Danny Smith
The new graduate, or the licensed physical therapist with general orthopedic experience, is not qualified to provide sideline coverage at athletic events. Additional or advanced training in emergency care is essential to provide aid in acute situations. Completion of the First Responder certification prepares an individual to react appropriately to any emergency on the sidelines, in the clinic, or in the community. The highest qualification that a physical therapist can attain to ensure adequate preparation for the practice of Sports Physical therapy is the ABPTS Sports Certified Specialist (SCS) designation...
February 2012: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Karin J Neufeld, O Joseph Bienvenu, Paul B Rosenberg, Simon C Mears, Hochang B Lee, Biren B Kamdar, Frederick E Sieber, Sharon K Krumm, Jeremy D Walston, David N Hager, Pegah Touradji, Dale M Needham
Delirium is an important syndrome affecting inpatients in various hospital settings. This article focuses on multidisciplinary and interdepartmental collaboration to advance efforts in delirium clinical care and research. The Johns Hopkins Delirium Consortium, which includes members from the disciplines of nursing, medicine, rehabilitation therapy, psychology, and pharmacy within the departments and divisions of anesthesiology, geriatrics, oncology, orthopedic surgery, psychiatry, critical care medicine, and physical medicine and rehabilitation at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, is one model of such collaboration...
November 2011: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Abhishek Julka, Kelly L Vander Have
Brachial plexus birth palsy occurs at a rate of 1/1000-4/1000 live births despite advances in prenatal and obstetric care. The majority of children recover spontaneously, however some are left with permanent neurologic deficit. Shoulder pathology results from muscle imbalance created by pairing of weak or paralyzed muscles with unaffected muscle groups around the shoulder. This imbalance results in soft tissue contracture and can cause progressive glenohumeral joint morphological changes. Contractures of internal rotation are most common and may be a source of disability for the child...
2011: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
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