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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919439/associations-between-physical-activity-and-semen-quality-in-young-healthy-men
#1
Paweł Jóźków, Marek Mędraś, Felicja Lwow, Aleksandra Zagrodna, Małgorzata Słowińska-Lisowska
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the level of everyday physical activity is associated with semen quality in young men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Universities, clubs, and societies. PATIENT(S): Young healthy men (aged 18-35 years) with unknown fertility (n = 177). INTERVENTIONS(S): Collection of data on medical history, lifestyle factors (physical activity, nutrition, addictions), and environmental threats (exposure of gonads to cellular phones, laptops)...
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905905/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-compulsive-buying-problematic-internet-and-mobile-phone-use-in-college-students-in-yantai-china-relevance-of-self-traits
#2
Zhaocai Jiang, Mingyan Shi
BACKGROUND: Until now, most research in the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) has been developed from samples in western developed countries, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence and co-morbidities of CB, problematic Internet use (PIU) and problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) in college students in Yantai, China. Moreover, based on the lack of research focusing on differences between CB and addiction, we will explore whether CB and PIU/PMPU individuals are characterized by the same self-traits (i...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905818/predictors-of-sleep-quality-among-young-adults-in-korea-gender-differences
#3
Ae Kyung Chang, Jinyi Choi
This study was performed to identify the factors influencing gender differences in sleep quality between men and women. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a convenience sample of 300 young adults from three Korean universities. Participants were 20-40 years of age, used smartphones, and took no sleep medication. Participants completed questionnaires on sleep quality, exercise, stress, depression, and smart phone addiction. The predictors of sleep quality in men were coffee consumption, napping, depression, failure to engage in light exercise at least three times per week, being overweight, being in the potential smart phone addiction group, and being employed, which explained 30...
December 1, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822187/cell-phone-addiction-a-review
#4
REVIEW
José De-Sola Gutiérrez, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Gabriel Rubio
We present a review of the studies that have been published about addiction to cell phones. We analyze the concept of cell-phone addiction as well as its prevalence, study methodologies, psychological features, and associated psychiatric comorbidities. Research in this field has generally evolved from a global view of the cell phone as a device to its analysis via applications and contents. The diversity of criteria and methodological approaches that have been used is notable, as is a certain lack of conceptual delimitation that has resulted in a broad spread of prevalent data...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701064/overcoming-addictions-a-web-based-application-and-smart-recovery-an-online-and-in-person-mutual-help-group-for-problem-drinkers-part-2-six-month-outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-qualitative-feedback-from-participants
#5
William Campbell, Reid K Hester, Kathryn L Lenberg, Harold D Delaney
BACKGROUND: Despite empirical evidence supporting the use of Web-based interventions for problem drinking, much remains unknown about factors that influence their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the performance of 2 resources for people who want to achieve and maintain abstinence: SMART Recovery (SR) and Overcoming Addictions (OA). OA is a Web application based on SR. We also examined participant and intervention-related factors hypothesized to impact clinical outcomes of Web-based interventions...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687632/implementing-an-mhealth-system-for-substance-use-disorders-in-primary-care-a-mixed-methods-study-of-clinicians-initial-expectations-and-first-year-experiences
#6
Marie-Louise Mares, David H Gustafson, Joseph E Glass, Andrew Quanbeck, Helene McDowell, Fiona McTavish, Amy K Atwood, Lisa A Marsch, Chantelle Thomas, Dhavan Shah, Randall Brown, Andrew Isham, Mary Jane Nealon, Victoria Ward
BACKGROUND: Millions of Americans need but don't receive treatment for substance use, and evidence suggests that addiction-focused interventions on smart phones could support their recovery. There is little research on implementation of addiction-related interventions in primary care, particularly in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) that provide primary care to underserved populations. We used mixed methods to examine three FQHCs' implementation of Seva, a smart-phone app that offers patients online support/discussion, health-tracking, and tools for coping with cravings, and offers clinicians information about patients' health tracking and relapses...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650207/adverse-effects-in-lumbar-spinal-cord-morphology-and-tissue-biochemistry-in-sprague-dawley-male-rats-following-exposure-to-a-continuous-1-h-a-day-900-mhz-electromagnetic-field-throughout-adolescence
#7
Gökçen Kerimoğlu, Ali Aslan, Orhan Baş, Serdar Çolakoğlu, Ersan Odacı
Cell phones, an indispensable element of daily life, are today used at almost addictive levels by adolescents. Adolescents are therefore becoming increasingly exposed to the effect of the electromagnetic field (EMF) emitted by cell phones. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exposure to a 900-MHz EMF throughout adolescence on the lumbar spinal cord using histopathological, immunohistochemical and biochemical techniques. Twenty-four Sprague Dawley (28.3-43.9g) aged 21days were included in the study...
December 2016: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599674/smartphone-use-can-be-addictive-a-case-report
#8
Attila Körmendi, Zita Brutóczki, Bianka Petra Végh, Rita Székely
Background and aims The use of mobile phones has become an integral part of everyday life. Young people in particular can be observed using their smartphones constantly, and they not only make or receive calls but also use different applications or just tap touch screens for several minutes at a time. The opportunities provided by smartphones are attractive, and the cumulative time of using smartphones per day is very high for many people, so the question arises whether we can really speak of a mobile phone addiction? In this study, our aim is to describe and analyze a possible case of smartphone addiction...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550020/the-problematic-use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-ict-in-adolescents-by-the-cross-sectional-joitic-study
#9
Raquel Muñoz-Miralles, Raquel Ortega-González, M Rosa López-Morón, Carme Batalla-Martínez, Josep María Manresa, Núria Montellà-Jordana, Andrés Chamarro, Xavier Carbonell, Pere Torán-Monserrat
BACKGROUND: The emerging field of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has brought about new interaction styles. Its excessive use may lead to addictive behaviours. The objective is to determine the prevalence of the problematic use of ICT such as Internet, mobile phones and video games, among adolescents enrolled in mandatory Secondary Education (ESO in Spanish) and to examine associated factors. METHODS: Cross sectional, multi-centric descriptive study...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543164/the-efficacy-of-mobile-phone-based-text-message-interventions-happy-quit-for-smoking-cessation-in-china
#10
Yanhui Liao, Qiuxia Wu, Jinsong Tang, Fengyu Zhang, Xuyi Wang, Chang Qi, Haoyu He, Jiang Long, Brian C Kelly, Joanna Cohen
BACKGROUND: Considering the extreme shortage of smoking cessation services in China, and the acceptability, feasibility and efficacy of mobile phone-based text message interventions for quitting smoking in other countries, here we propose a study of "the efficacy of mobile phone-based text message interventions ('Happy Quit') for smoking cessation in China". The primary objective of this proposed project is to assess whether a program of widely accessed mobile phone-based text message interventions ('Happy Quit') will be effective at helping people in China who smoke, to quit...
August 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499228/smartphone-addiction-proneness-in-relation-to-sleep-and-morningness-eveningness-in-german-adolescents
#11
Christoph Randler, Lucia Wolfgang, Katharina Matt, Eda Demirhan, Mehmet Barış Horzum, Şenol Beşoluk
Background Mobile phones are an important part of adolescents' life. In this study, the relationships among smartphone addiction, age, gender, and chronotype of German adolescents were examined. Materials and methods Two studies focused on two different measures of smartphone addiction. The Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale (SAPS) was applied to 342 younger adolescents (13.39 ± 1.77; 176 boys, 165 girls, and 1 not indicated) in Study 1 and the Smartphone Addiction Scale was applied to 208 older adolescents (17...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437008/assessment-of-semi-structured-clinical-interview-for-mobile-phone-addiction-disorder
#12
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhori, Ghazal Sepahbodi, Mohammad BabaReisi, Sahar Sajedi, Mojtaba Farshchi, Rasul KhodaKarami, Vahid Hatami Kasvaee
OBJECTIVE: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) classified mobile phone addiction disorder under "impulse control disorder not elsewhere classified". This study surveyed the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV-TR for the diagnosis of mobile phone addiction in correspondence with Iranian society and culture. METHOD: Two hundred fifty students of Tehran universities were entered into this descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363463/experiential-avoidance-and-technological-addictions-in-adolescents
#13
Carlos García-Oliva, José A Piqueras
Background and aims This study focuses on the use of popular information and communication technologies (ICTs) by adolescents: the Internet, mobile phones, and video games. The relationship of ICT use and experiential avoidance (EA), a construct that has emerged as underlying and transdiagnostic to a wide variety of psychological problems, including behavioral addictions, is examined. EA refers to a self-regulatory strategy involving efforts to control or escape from negative stimuli such as thoughts, feelings, or sensations that generate strong distress...
June 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341852/a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-based-text-messaging-intervention-versus-medical-management-for-hiv-infected-substance-users-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#14
Suzette Glasner-Edwards, Kevin Patrick, Michele L Ybarra, Cathy J Reback, Richard A Rawson, Helene Chokron Garneau, Kathryn Chavez, Alexandra Venegas
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based psychosocial interventions for addictions and related conditions such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) are underutilized. Obstacles to implementation of CBT in clinical settings include limited availability of quality training, supervision, and certification in CBT for clinicians; high rates of clinician turnover and high caseloads; and limited qualifications of the workforce to facilitate CBT expertise. OBJECTIVE: Mobile phone-based delivery of CBT, if demonstrated to be feasible and effective, could be transformative in broadening its application and improving the quality of addiction treatment...
June 24, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335520/attitudes-toward-selfie-taking-in-school-going-adolescents-an-exploratory-study
#15
Era Dutta, Payal Sharma, Reetika Dikshit, Nilesh Shah, Sushma Sonavane, Anup Bharati, Avinash De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Smartphones have become a necessary evil in our lives. Selfies have become the newest technological fad to take over the youth, due to the wide and easy availability of mobile phones. There is paucity of scientific data on selfies in general, and from our country in particular. This study aimed to analyze the attitudes toward selfie taking, body image acceptance, and narcissism personality traits among an urban school-going population in Mumbai. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-two students of 11(th) standard, belonging to an urban Mumbai school, were interviewed in a single centric cross-sectional study...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315303/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-nomophobia-questionnaire-in-nursing-studies
#16
Lorena Gutiérrez-Puertas, Verónica V Márquez-Hernández, Gabriel Aguilera-Manrique
Nomophobia is the uncontrollable fear of leaving your house without your mobile phone and is currently having a significant impact on the younger population. The aim of this study was first to translate the original version (written in English) of the Nomophobia questionnaire, culturally adapting it to the Spanish sociolinguistic context, and subsequently to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version with a sample of nursing students. In the first stage, a process of translation-back translation was carried out, following standardized recommendations...
June 15, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296658/barriers-and-facilitators-to-tobacco-cessation-in-a-nationwide-sample-of-addiction-treatment-programs
#17
Anna Pagano, Barbara Tajima, Joseph Guydish
INTRODUCTION: Smoking rates among addiction treatment clients are 3-4 times higher than those of the general population. Recent studies indicate that ceasing tobacco use during treatment may improve recovery outcomes. Across the United States, publicly funded addiction treatment programs vary widely in terms of their tobacco policies and tobacco cessation services offered to clients. METHODS: The study reported here is the qualitative component of a larger study...
August 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279515/smartphone-addiction-among-university-students-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#18
Fahad D Alosaimi, Haifa Alyahya, Hatem Alshahwan, Nawal Al Mahyijari, Shaik A Shaik
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of smartphone addiction among university students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between September 2014 and March 2015. An electronic self administered questionnaire and the problematic use of mobile phones (PUMP) Scale were used.  RESULTS: Out of 2367 study subjects, 27.2% stated that they spent more than 8 hours per day using their smartphones...
June 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255862/the-potential-impact-of-internet-and-mobile-use-on-headache-and-other-somatic-symptoms-in-adolescence-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Rita Cerutti, Fabio Presaghi, Valentina Spensieri, Carmela Valastro, Vincenzo Guidetti
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether migraine or tension-type headaches are associated with abuse of the internet and/or mobile phones and to explore whether headache and the abuse of the two technologies are associated with sleep disturbances and other self-reported somatic symptoms. BACKGROUND: In the last several years, estimates indicate the increasing pervasiveness of the internet and other technologies in the lives of young people, highlighting the impact on well-being...
July 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252663/development-of-a-brief-multicultural-version-of-the-test-of-mobile-phone-dependence-tmdbrief-questionnaire
#20
Mariano Chóliz, Lourdes Pinto, Sukanya S Phansalkar, Emily Corr, Ayman Mujjahid, Conni Flores, Pablo E Barrientos
UNLABELLED: The Test of Mobile Phone Dependence (TMD) questionnaire (Chóliz, 2012) evaluates the main features of mobile phone dependence: tolerance, abstinence syndrome, impaired impulse control, associated problems, excessive use, etc. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a multicultural version of the TMD (TMDbrief) adapted to suit the novel communication tools of smartphones. PROCEDURE: In this study, the TMD was completed by 2,028 young respondents in six distinct world regions: Southern Europe, Northwest Europe, South-America, Mesoamerica, Pakistan, and India...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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