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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432846/pathological-internet-use-cyberbullying-and-mobile-phone-use-in-adolescence-a-school-based-study-in-greece
#1
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Anastasios Drontsos, Fotini Dantsi, Zafiria Sekeri, Evangelos Drosos, Nikolaos Trikilis, Theodoros Dardavesis, Panagiotis Nanos, Malamatenia Arvanitidou
Purpose This study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) and cyberbullying and examined profiles of adolescents with increased risk to develop pathological behaviors. Methods In this cross-sectional, school-based study, 8053 students of 30 middle and 21 high schools (12-18 years old) were invited to participate, based on a multistage stratified random sampling technique. The Internet aiddiction test (IAT) was used along with information on socio-demographics, Internet activities and cyberbullying experience...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425691/health-implications-of-new-age-technologies
#2
Zaid Bilgrami, Laura McLaughlin, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
New age technologies are ubiquitous in the lives of adolescents. Recent trends in media use suggest that adolescents are spending more time than ever engaging with technologies, and are able to do so in virtually all settings at any time. Given that new age technologies are so heavily integrated within the daily life of adolescents, the health risks and benefits they offer must be closely examined. In this systematic review, we present recent literature related to the implications of new age technologies on adolescent health...
April 20, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384977/nomophobia-a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-mobile-phone-usage-among-dental-students
#3
Monika Prasad, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Sabyasachi Saha, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Ravneet Malhi, Venisha Pandita
INTRODUCTION: Mobile phones were originally seen as a gadget for communication but currently, the internet enabled mobile phones have become an integral part of our daily life. Their benefits are incomparable but at the same time, they have some negative effects too. AIM: To assess the pattern of usage of mobile phones and its effects on the academic performance of students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 554 students of D...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384117/smart-phone-usage-and-addiction-among-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Elluru Venkatesh, Mohammad Yousef Al Jemal, Abdullah Saleh Al Samani
Purpose The main aim of this research is to explore measures of smart phone usage, smart phone addiction, and their associations with demographic and health behavior-related variables among dental students in Saudi Arabia. Methods A Cross sectional study involving sample of 205 dental students from Qaseem Private College were surveyed for smart phone use and addiction using the short version of the Smartphone Addiction Scale for Adolescents (SAS-SV). Results Smart phone addiction was seen in 136 (71.9%) of the 189 students...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339973/day-to-day-variability-in-self-reported-cigarettes-per-day
#5
John R Hughes, Saul Shiffman, Shelly Naud, Erica N Peters
Background and Aims: Nicotine addiction theory predicts small day to day variability in cigarettes/day (CPD) whereas social learning theory predicts large variability. A description of the variability in CPD over multiple days is not available. Methods: We conducted secondary analyses of two natural history studies with daily smokers - one of smokers not intending to quit, and one of smokers intending to quit sometime in the next 3 months. In the former, smokers recorded their smoking during the day by Ecological Momentary Assessment, using a palm-top computer...
March 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316252/relationship-between-family-history-of-alcohol-addiction-parents-education-level-and-smartphone-problem-use-scale-scores
#6
Ashley Beison, David J Rademacher
Background and aims Smartphones are ubiquitous. As smartphones increased in popularity, researchers realized that people were becoming dependent on their smartphones. The purpose here was to provide a better understanding of the factors related to problematic smartphone use (PSPU). Methods The participants were 100 undergraduates (25 males, 75 females) whose ages ranged from 18 to 23 (mean age = 20 years). The participants completed questionnaires to assess gender, ethnicity, year in college, father's education level, mother's education level, family income, age, family history of alcoholism, and PSPU...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258047/mobile-phone-apps-for-smoking-cessation-quality-and-usability-among-smokers-with-psychosis
#7
Joelle C Ferron, Mary F Brunette, Pamela Geiger, Lisa A Marsch, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Stephen J Bartels
BACKGROUND: Smoking is one of the top preventable causes of mortality in people with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. Cessation treatment improves abstinence outcomes, but access is a barrier. Mobile phone apps are one way to increase access to cessation treatment; however, whether they are usable by people with psychotic disorders, who often have special learning needs, is not known. OBJECTIVE: Researchers reviewed 100 randomly selected apps for smoking cessation to rate them based on US guidelines for nicotine addiction treatment and to categorize them based on app functions...
March 3, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250554/technology-addiction-among-treatment-seekers-for-psychological-problems-implication-for-screening-in-mental-health-setting
#8
Aswathy Das, Manoj Kumar Sharma, P Thamilselvan, P Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Technology usage has seen an increase among users. The usage varies from social, personal, and psychological reasons. Users are frequently using to overcome mood states as well as to manage the other psychological states. This work is going to explore the information technology use among subjects with a psychiatric disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 subjects were assessed using background data sheet, internet addiction impairment index, video game use pattern, pornography addiction screening tool and screening for mobile phone use, from in-patient and out-patient setting of tertiary mental health setting...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236159/an-examination-of-care-practices-of-pregnant-women-incarcerated-in-jail-facilities-in-the-united-states
#9
C M Kelsey, Nickole Medel, Carson Mullins, Danielle Dallaire, Catherine Forestell
OBJECTIVE: The number of incarcerated women in the United States has been steadily increasing over the last 30 years. An estimated 6-10% of these women are pregnant at intake. Previous studies on the health needs and care of pregnant incarcerated women have focused mainly on prison settings. Therefore, we examined the pregnancy-related accommodations and health care provided for regional jail populations. METHOD: The present study is a quantitative survey (administered through phone or email to employees of predominately jail medical facilities) of common practices and policies employed across 53 jail facilities in the United States as a function of geographic region (North vs...
February 24, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170054/mobile-abuse-in-university-students-and-profiles-of-victimization-and-aggression
#10
Mª Isabel Polo Del Río, Santiago Mendo Lázaro, Benito León Del Barco, Elena Felipe Castaño
The vast majority of young people have mobile phones. This has become a must-have item in their lives, with traditional socialization spaces displaced by virtual ones. They use their mobile phones for many hours a day, to the detriment of their psychological and social functioning, showing greater vulnerability to abusive or excessive use, and more likely to become problematic or addicted users. This paper aims to study the impact of mobile phone abuse in a sample of college students, assessing the social, personal, and communicational realms and deepening understanding of the different cyberbullying profiles, analyzing who has more personal and social problems using mobiles: victims or aggressors...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979792/the-mobile-phone-affinity-scale-enhancement-and-refinement
#11
Beth C Bock, Ryan Lantini, Herpreet Thind, Kristen Walaska, Rochelle K Rosen, Joseph L Fava, Nancy P Barnett, Lori Aj Scott-Sheldon
BACKGROUND: Existing instruments that assess individuals' relationships with mobile phones tend to focus on negative constructs such as addiction or dependence, and appear to assume that high mobile phone use reflects pathology. Mobile phones can be beneficial for health behavior change, disease management, work productivity, and social connections, so there is a need for an instrument that provides a more balanced assessment of the various aspects of individuals' relationships with mobile phones...
December 15, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955689/the-effect-of-bundling-medication-assisted-treatment-for-opioid-addiction-with-mhealth-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
David H Gustafson, Gina Landucci, Fiona McTavish, Rachel Kornfield, Roberta A Johnson, Marie-Louise Mares, Ryan P Westergaard, Andrew Quanbeck, Esra Alagoz, Klaren Pe-Romashko, Chantelle Thomas, Dhavan Shah
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence has devastating and increasingly widespread consequences and costs, and the most common outcome of treatment is early relapse. People who inject opioids are also at disproportionate risk for contracting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). This study tests an approach that has been shown to improve recovery rates: medication along with other supportive services (medication-assisted treatment, or MAT) against MAT combined with a smartphone innovation called A-CHESS (MAT + A-CHESS)...
December 12, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919439/associations-between-physical-activity-and-semen-quality-in-young-healthy-men
#13
Paweł Jóźków, Marek Mędraś, Felicja Lwow, Aleksandra Zagrodna, Małgorzata Słowińska-Lisowska
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the level of everyday physical activity is associated with semen quality in young men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Universities, clubs, and societies. PATIENT(S): Young healthy men (aged 18-35 years) with unknown fertility (n = 177). INTERVENTIONS(S): Collection of data on medical history, lifestyle factors (physical activity, nutrition, addictions), and environmental threats (exposure of gonads to cellular phones, laptops)...
February 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905905/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-compulsive-buying-problematic-internet-and-mobile-phone-use-in-college-students-in-yantai-china-relevance-of-self-traits
#14
Zhaocai Jiang, Mingyan Shi
BACKGROUND: Until now, most research in the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) has been developed from samples in western developed countries, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence and co-morbidities of CB, problematic Internet use (PIU) and problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) in college students in Yantai, China. Moreover, based on the lack of research focusing on differences between CB and addiction, we will explore whether CB and PIU/PMPU individuals are characterized by the same self-traits (i...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905818/predictors-of-sleep-quality-among-young-adults-in-korea-gender-differences
#15
Ae Kyung Chang, Jinyi Choi
This study was performed to identify the factors influencing gender differences in sleep quality between men and women. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a convenience sample of 300 young adults from three Korean universities. Participants were 20-40 years of age, used smartphones, and took no sleep medication. Participants completed questionnaires on sleep quality, exercise, stress, depression, and smart phone addiction. The predictors of sleep quality in men were coffee consumption, napping, depression, failure to engage in light exercise at least three times per week, being overweight, being in the potential smart phone addiction group, and being employed, which explained 30...
December 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822187/cell-phone-addiction-a-review
#16
REVIEW
José De-Sola Gutiérrez, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Gabriel Rubio
We present a review of the studies that have been published about addiction to cell phones. We analyze the concept of cell-phone addiction as well as its prevalence, study methodologies, psychological features, and associated psychiatric comorbidities. Research in this field has generally evolved from a global view of the cell phone as a device to its analysis via applications and contents. The diversity of criteria and methodological approaches that have been used is notable, as is a certain lack of conceptual delimitation that has resulted in a broad spread of prevalent data...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701064/overcoming-addictions-a-web-based-application-and-smart-recovery-an-online-and-in-person-mutual-help-group-for-problem-drinkers-part-2-six-month-outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-qualitative-feedback-from-participants
#17
William Campbell, Reid K Hester, Kathryn L Lenberg, Harold D Delaney
BACKGROUND: Despite empirical evidence supporting the use of Web-based interventions for problem drinking, much remains unknown about factors that influence their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the performance of 2 resources for people who want to achieve and maintain abstinence: SMART Recovery (SR) and Overcoming Addictions (OA). OA is a Web application based on SR. We also examined participant and intervention-related factors hypothesized to impact clinical outcomes of Web-based interventions...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687632/implementing-an-mhealth-system-for-substance-use-disorders-in-primary-care-a-mixed-methods-study-of-clinicians-initial-expectations-and-first-year-experiences
#18
Marie-Louise Mares, David H Gustafson, Joseph E Glass, Andrew Quanbeck, Helene McDowell, Fiona McTavish, Amy K Atwood, Lisa A Marsch, Chantelle Thomas, Dhavan Shah, Randall Brown, Andrew Isham, Mary Jane Nealon, Victoria Ward
BACKGROUND: Millions of Americans need but don't receive treatment for substance use, and evidence suggests that addiction-focused interventions on smart phones could support their recovery. There is little research on implementation of addiction-related interventions in primary care, particularly in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) that provide primary care to underserved populations. We used mixed methods to examine three FQHCs' implementation of Seva, a smart-phone app that offers patients online support/discussion, health-tracking, and tools for coping with cravings, and offers clinicians information about patients' health tracking and relapses...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650207/adverse-effects-in-lumbar-spinal-cord-morphology-and-tissue-biochemistry-in-sprague-dawley-male-rats-following-exposure-to-a-continuous-1-h-a-day-900-mhz-electromagnetic-field-throughout-adolescence
#19
Gökçen Kerimoğlu, Ali Aslan, Orhan Baş, Serdar Çolakoğlu, Ersan Odacı
Cell phones, an indispensable element of daily life, are today used at almost addictive levels by adolescents. Adolescents are therefore becoming increasingly exposed to the effect of the electromagnetic field (EMF) emitted by cell phones. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exposure to a 900-MHz EMF throughout adolescence on the lumbar spinal cord using histopathological, immunohistochemical and biochemical techniques. Twenty-four Sprague Dawley (28.3-43.9g) aged 21days were included in the study...
December 2016: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599674/smartphone-use-can-be-addictive-a-case-report
#20
Attila Körmendi, Zita Brutóczki, Bianka Petra Végh, Rita Székely
Background and aims The use of mobile phones has become an integral part of everyday life. Young people in particular can be observed using their smartphones constantly, and they not only make or receive calls but also use different applications or just tap touch screens for several minutes at a time. The opportunities provided by smartphones are attractive, and the cumulative time of using smartphones per day is very high for many people, so the question arises whether we can really speak of a mobile phone addiction? In this study, our aim is to describe and analyze a possible case of smartphone addiction...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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