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Phone Addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099234/accident-risk-associated-with-smartphone-addiction-a-study-on-university-students-in-korea
#1
Hye-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min, Hyun-Jin Kim, Kyoung-Bok Min
Background and aims The smartphone is one of the most popular devices, with the average smartphone usage at 162 min/day and the average length of phone usage at 15.79 hr/week. Although significant concerns have been made about the health effects of smartphone addiction, the relationship between smartphone addiction and accidents has rarely been studied. We examined the association between smartphone addiction and accidents among South Korean university students. Methods A total of 608 college students completed an online survey that included their experience of accidents (total number; traffic accidents; falls/slips; bumps/collisions; being trapped in the subway, impalement, cuts, and exit wounds; and burns or electric shocks), their use of smartphone, the type of smartphone content they most frequently used, and other variables of interests...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098666/definition-of-substance-and-non-substance-addiction
#2
Zhiling Zou, Huijun Wang, Federico d'Oleire Uquillas, Xiaomei Wang, Jianrui Ding, Hong Chen
Substance addiction (or drug addiction) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by a recurring desire to continue taking the drug despite harmful consequences. Non-substance addiction (or behavioral addiction) covers pathological gambling, food addiction, internet addiction, and mobile phone addiction. Their definition is similar to drug addiction but they differ from each other in specific domains. This review aims to provide a brief overview of past and current definitions of substance and non-substance addiction, and also touches on the topic of diagnosing drug addiction and non-drug addiction, ultimately aiming to further the understanding of the key concepts needed for a foundation to study the biological and psychological underpinnings of addiction disorders...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059352/believability-of-cigarette-warnings-about-addiction-national-experiments-of-adolescents-and-adults
#3
Allison J Lazard, Sarah D Kowitt, Li-Ling Huang, Seth M Noar, Kristen Jarman, Adam O Goldstein
Introduction: We conducted two experiments to examine the believability of three addiction-focused cigarette warnings and the influence of message source on believability among adolescents and adults in the US. Methods: Experimental data were collected using national phone surveys of adolescents (age 13-17; n = 1,125; response rate, 66%) and adults (age 18+; n = 5,014; response rate, 42%). We assessed the believability of three cigarette warnings about addiction attributed to four message sources (FDA, Surgeon General, CDC, no source)...
August 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952977/to-improve-substance-use-disorder-prevention-treatment-and-recovery-engage-the-family
#4
Alicia S Ventura, Sarah M Bagley
: Approximately 21 million people in the United States have a substance use disorder (SUD); the number of family members impacted by a loved one's SUD is exponentially greater. Affected family members of individuals with SUDs are at high risk for developing chronic medical and psychiatric health conditions, are high utilizers of the health care system, and have high health care expenditures. Family members play a central role in the lives of many individuals with SUDs; information given to family members can have a significant impact on persons with addiction and therefore the SUD treatment that an individual might receive...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926906/the-influence-of-alexithymia-on-mobile-phone-addiction-the-role-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#5
Tingting Gao, Jiaomeng Li, Han Zhang, Jinglei Gao, Yixi Kong, Yueyang Hu, Songli Mei
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is an important predictor of mobile phone addiction. Enhancing and improving college students' mental health can reduce the rate of mobile phone addiction. However, it is not clear about the role of depression, anxiety and stress in the relationship between college students' alexithymia and mobile phone addiction. METHODS: A total of 1105 college students were tested with the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale and the Mobile Phone Addiction Index...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926325/-epidemiology-of-internet-use-by-an-adolescent-population-and-its-relation-with-sleep-habits
#6
Carla Ferreira, Helena Ferreira, Maria João Vieira, Mónica Costeira, Liliana Branco, Ângela Dias, Liliana Macedo
INTRODUCTION: In the last decades, the great technological development increased Internet popularity, emerging the concern about its overuse. The objectives of this study were to assess and characterize Internet use in adolescence, determine Internet addiction and clarify its association with sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was performed an observational, cross sectional and community-based study. The target were students attending 7th and 8th grades, to whom was applied an online self-report questionnaire to assess sociodemographic features, Internet use, Internet dependence, sleep characteristics and excessive daytime sleepiness...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917440/neuroticism-and-quality-of-life-multiple-mediating-effects-of-smartphone-addiction-and-depression
#7
Tingting Gao, Yu-Tao Xiang, Han Zhang, Zhao Zhang, Songli Mei
The purposes of this study were to investigate the mediating effect of smartphone addiction and depression on neuroticism and quality of life. Self-reported measures of neuroticism, smart-phone addiction, depression, and quality of life were administered to 722 Chinese university students. Results showed smartphone addiction and depression were both significantly affected neuroticism and quality of life. The direct effect of neuroticism on quality of life was significant, and the chain-mediating effect of smartphone addiction and depression was also significant...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852246/technology-addiction-survey-an-emerging-concern-for-raising-awareness-and-promotion-of-healthy-use-of-technology
#8
Manoj Kumar Sharma, Girish N Rao, Vivek Benegal, K Thennarasu, Divya Thomas
BACKGROUND: Technology use has shown an impact of users' lifestyle. The use has been attributed to psychosocial reasons. This usage manifests as excessive to addictive use of technology. There is a need to explore its addictive potential on large sample study as well as its association with psychosocial variables. It is one of its kind study on wider age group. The present work assessed the magnitude, burden, and sociodemographic correlates of technology addiction in an urban community...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817710/excessive-use-of-wechat-social-interaction-and-locus-of-control-among-college-students-in-china
#9
Juan Hou, Yamikani Ndasauka, Yingying Jiang, Zi Ye, Ying Wang, Lizhuang Yang, Xiaoming Li, Yongjun Zhang, Liangjun Pang, Yan Kong, Fei Xu, Xiaochu Zhang
In China, the number of college students using mobile phone based messaging and social networking applications like WeChat is increasing rapidly. However, there has been minimal research into the addictive nature of these applications and the psychological characteristics associate with their excessive use. There is also no published scale available for assessing excessive use of WeChat and similar applications. In the current study, we collected data from 1,245 college students in China (715 females) and developed the WeChat Excessive Use Scale (WEUS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771626/prevalence-of-problematic-cell-phone-use-in-an-adult-population-in-spain-as-assessed-by-the-mobile-phone-problem-use-scale-mppus
#10
José de-Sola, Hernán Talledo, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Gabriel Rubio
Problematic cell phone use has alarmingly increased in industrialized countries in the past 10 years. For many perpetrators, it can turn into a behavioural addiction, although this is not a recognized medical condition. Although there are many tools for evaluating this use, one of the most widely used tools is the Mobile Phone Problematic Use Scale (MPPUS), which we test on a representative sample of the population in Spain to obtain an estimate of the prevalence of problematic cell phone use in our midst. The age range consists of 16-65 years, with 1,126 surveys conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762223/-factors-associated-with-successful-smoking-cessation-in-male-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-at-3-months-after-hospital-discharge
#11
Huey-Ling Wang, Peng-Chih Wang, Yen-Wen Wu, Kou-Gi Shyu
BACKGROUND: The promising effects of smoking cessation for coronary artery disease (CAD) patients include decreased risks of subsequent clinical events and mortality. However, most CAD patients continue to smoke after being hospitalized for a cardiac event. PURPOSE: To explore the factors that are associated with successful smoking cessation in CAD male patients at 3 months after hospital discharge. METHODS: A correlational design was applied...
August 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636580/mediator-effects-of-positive-emotions-on-social-support-and-depression-among-adolescents-suffering-from-mobile-phone-addiction
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Menglong Li, Xia Jiang, Yujia Ren
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common mental disorder that is widely seen among adolescents suffering from mobile phone addiction. While it is well known that both positive emtions in adolescents wiotions and social support can have a positive impact by helping individuals to maintain a positive attitude, the correlation between positive emotions, social support, and depression among these adolescents remains to be investigated. This study examined the mediator effects of positive emotions on the relationship between social support and depression among adolescents suffering from mobile phone addiction...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611692/development-of-a-mobile-phone-addiction-craving-scale-and-its-validation-in-a-spanish-adult-population
#13
José De-Sola, Hernán Talledo, Gabriel Rubio, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca
In some people, problematic cell phone use can lead to situations in which they lose control, similar to those observed in other cases of addiction. Although different scales have been developed to assess its severity, we lack an instrument that is able to determine the desire or craving associated with it. Thus, with the objective of evaluating craving for cell phone use, in this study, we develop and present the Mobile Phone Addiction Craving Scale (MPACS). It consists of eight Likert-style items, with 10 response options, referring to possible situations in which the interviewee is asked to evaluate the degree of restlessness that he or she feels if the cell phone is unavailable at the moment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581275/relationship-between-mobile-phone-addiction-and-the-incidence-of-poor-and-short-sleep-among-korean-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-korean-children-youth-panel-survey
#14
Joo Eun Lee, Sung In Jang, Yeong Jun Ju, Woorim Kim, Hyo Jung Lee, Eun Cheol Park
Three of ten teenagers in Korea are addicted to mobile phones. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between mobile phone addiction and the incidence of poor sleep quality and short sleep duration in adolescents. We used longitudinal data from the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute in Korea (2011-2013). A total of 1,125 students at baseline were included in this study after excluding those who already had poor sleep quality or short sleep duration in the previous year...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558902/the-prevalence-of-phantom-vibration-ringing-syndromes-and-their-related-factors-in-iranian-students-of-medical-sciences
#15
Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Narges Mohammadsalehi, Esmail Moshiri, Zohreh Anbari, Ali Ahmadi, Hossein Ansari
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mobile phone abuse can cause pathologic stress that may lead to addictive behavior such as Phantom Vibration Syndrome (PVS) and Phantom Ringing Syndrome (PRS). The current study aimed to determine the PVS and PRS due to mobile phone use in students of Qom University of medical Sciences in Iran. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were 380 students selected by proportional stratified random sampling method in each stratum...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527027/a-systematic-review-of-smartphone-applications-for-smoking-cessation
#16
REVIEW
Brianna L Haskins, Donna Lesperance, Patric Gibbons, Edwin D Boudreaux
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the USA. However, limited data exists regarding smoking cessation mobile app quality and intervention effectiveness. Innovative and scalable interventions are needed to further alleviate the public health implications of tobacco addiction. The proliferation of the smartphone and the advent of mobile phone health interventions have made treatment more accessible than ever. The purpose of this review was to examine the relation between published scientific literature and available commercial smartphone health apps for smoking cessation to identify the percentage of scientifically supported apps that were commercially available to consumers and to determine how many of the top commercially available apps for smoking cessation were supported by the published scientific literature...
June 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521782/combining-alcohol-interventions-with-tobacco-addictions-treatment-in-primary-care-the-combat-study-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
Nadia Minian, Dolly Baliunas, Laurie Zawertailo, Aliya Noormohamed, Norman Giesbrecht, Christian S Hendershot, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and alcohol use present multiplicative risk for aerodigestive cancers. Reducing alcohol consumption improves smoking cessation outcomes and reduces cancer risk. Risky alcohol consumption and smoking are often treated separately despite concurrent treatment potentially leading to better outcomes for each. However, no rapidly scalable program exists for combined interventions in primary care clinics spread across wide geographic areas. This cluster randomized trial aims to report on the effects of a novel clinical decision support system (CDSS) on intervention rates by primary care practitioners addressing risky alcohol use in a smoking cessation program...
May 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504422/effects-of-mobile-phones-on-children-s-and-adolescents-health-a-commentary
#18
Lennart Hardell
The use of digital technology has grown rapidly during the last couple of decades. During use, mobile phones and cordless phones emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation. No previous generation has been exposed during childhood and adolescence to this kind of radiation. The brain is the main target organ for RF emissions from the handheld wireless phone. An evaluation of the scientific evidence on the brain tumor risk was made in May 2011 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer at World Health Organization...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498047/fatal-attractions-attachment-to-smartphones-predicts-anthropomorphic-beliefs-and-dangerous-behaviors
#19
Jessica E Bodford, Virginia S Y Kwan, David S Sobota
As technology's presence grows increasingly concrete in global societies, so too do our relationships with the devices we keep close at hand from day to day. Whereas research has, in the past, framed smartphone addiction in terms of possessional attachment, the present research hypothesizes that anxious smartphone attachment stems from human attachment, in which Anxiously attached individuals may be more likely to generalize their anxious attachment style to communication devices. In the present study, we found support for this hypothesis and showed that anxious smartphone attachment predicts (1) anthropomorphic beliefs, (2) reliance on-or "clinginess" toward-smartphones, and (3) a seemingly compulsive urge to answer one's phone, even in dangerous situations (e...
May 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492951/information-and-communications-technologies-ict-problematic-use-of-internet-video-games-mobile-phones-instant-messaging-and-social-networks-using-multicage-tic
#20
Eduardo J Pedrero Pérez, José María Ruiz Sánchez de León, Gloria Rojo Mota, Marcos Llanero Luque, Jara Pedrero Aguilar, Sara Morales Alonso, Carmen Puerta García
Use/abuse of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) has in recent years become a topic of great interest. Current discussion addresses whether it must be considered addictive behaviour and if it is a problem that primarily affects adolescents and youth. This study aims to understand the problems that affect people of all ages in controlling the use of these ICTs and whether they are related to mental health problems, stress and difficulties in executive control of behaviour. A survey was administered through social networks and email, using the MULTICAGE-ICT, a questionnaire that explores problems in the use of Internet, mobile phones, video games, instant messaging and social networks...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
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