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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225724/effects-of-white-wine-consumption-on-weight-in-rats-do-polyphenols-matter
#1
Ana Marija Milat, Ivana Mudnić, Ivica Grković, Nikola Ključević, Mia Grga, Iva Jerčić, Diana Jurić, Danica Ivanković, Benjamin Benzon, Mladen Boban
Introduction: Effects of white wine and the role of wine polyphenols on weight gain in rats of different age were examined in the 4-week-voluntary-consumption trial. Methods and Materials: Biochemically characterized standard (low polyphenols, W) and macerated (high polyphenolic content, PW) white wines were compared. One- and three-month-old Sprague-Dawley male rats (n = 78) were used. Each age group was subdivided into water-only-drinking controls (C), W, and PW-drinking animals...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206058/resveratrol-human-health-and-winemaking-perspectives
#2
Raúl Francisco Pastor, Patrizia Restani, Chiara Di Lorenzo, Francesca Orgiu, Pierre-Louis Teissedre, Creina Stockley, Jean Claude Ruf, Claudia Inés Quini, Nuria Garcìa Tejedor, Raquel Gargantini, Carla Aruani, Sebastián Prieto, Marcelo Murgo, Rodolfo Videla, Alicia Penissi, Roberto Héctor Iermoli
Resveratrol, (3, 5, 4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a non-flavonoid polyphenol stilbene synthesized by plants when damaged by infectious diseases or ionizing radiation. Although present in more than seventy plant species, grapes and wine are the major dietary contributors of resveratrol, responsible for 98% of the daily intake. In 1992, Renaud and De Lorgeril first linked wine polyphenols, including resveratrol, to the potential health benefits ascribed to regular and moderate wine consumption (the so called "French Paradox")...
December 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195999/the-effect-of-raisins-on-biomarkers-of-endothelial-function-and-oxidant-damage-an-open-label-and-randomized-controlled-intervention
#3
Panagiotis T Kanellos, Andriana C Kaliora, Athanasios D Protogerou, Nikolaos Tentolouris, Despina N Perrea, Vaios T Karathanos
Based on the existing data in grapes and wine, the aim of the present study was to investigate the probability that raisins improve clinical features and markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and arterial function in healthy smokers. Thirty-six apparently healthy smokers were recruited to an open-label and randomized, controlled, 4-week prospective intervention. All participants were reported to consume less than the recommended amount of five servings fruits and vegetables daily. Participants in the intervention were instructed to consume raisins equal to five fruit servings (90g/d)...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178413/in-vivo-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-daily-practice-image-features-correlated-to-histopathology
#4
Z-Y Pan, D-K Dong, S-J Chen, L-Y Lu, T-T Hu, Q Ju
BACKGROUND: In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) represents a promising technique for noninvasive visualization of skin lesions. In the clinical daily practice, doctors want to know the relationship between the RCM images and the skin pathological changes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the basic skin pathological changes under RCM, and use RCM terminology to describe these pathological changes. METHODS: A total of 100 patients were recruited and were evaluated both by RCM and histopathologic examination...
November 27, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160960/risk-of-past-year-injury-related-to-hours-of-exposure-to-an-elevated-bac-and-average-monthly-alcohol-volume-data-from-four-national-alcohol-surveys-2000-2015
#5
Cheryl J Cherpitel, Yu Ye, William C Kerr
BACKGROUND: While a strong association exists between alcohol and injury in emergency department (ED) studies, these studies are not representative of the general population. OBJECTIVE: The association of injury with the number of hours of exposure to a BAC ≥ 0.05 and average monthly volume in drinks, both based on self-report of quantity and frequency of drinking in the last year, in a merged sample of respondents (n=29,571) from four U.S. National Alcohol Surveys (2000-2015) is analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099824/-changes-in-alcohol-consumption-from-youth-to-adulthood-in-italy
#6
Nadia Olimpi, Stefano Bravi, Allaman Allamani, Fabio Voller
BACKGROUND: alcohol consumption is a significant risk factor for health at all ages. Consumption patterns and associated risks vary across countries and cultures and are affected by socio-demographic characteristics. The objective of the study was to assess changes in alcoholic beverage consumption patterns from youth to adulthood in Italy, and specifically in the North, Central and South-Islands geographic areas. METHODS: subjects who consume wine, beer and spirits/bitters/alcoholic aperitifs, as recorded by the Istat Multipurpose surveys "Aspects of daily life", were grouped into non-drinkers, occasional drinkers and drinkers of at least one glass a day...
July 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022677/alcohol-consumption-in-population-aged-25-65-years-living-in-the-metropolis-of-south-moravia-czech-republic
#7
Jindřich Fiala, Ondřej Sochor, Helena Klimusová, Martin Homolka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate alcohol consumption in a representative sample of the population of the city of Brno, as part of research on cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey on a sample of 2,160 randomly selected residents 35-65 years old was carried out. For the invited volunteers who became a part of the investigation, alcohol consumption was determined in a controlled, face to face interview structured in accordance with a special questionnaire form...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888733/exposure-risk-assessment-to-ochratoxin-a-through-consumption-of-juice-and-wine-considering-the-effect-of-steam-extraction-time-and-vinification-stages
#8
Bruna Dachery, Flávio Fonseca Veras, Lucas Dal Magro, Vitor Manfroi, Juliane Elisa Welke
The goals of this study were (i) to verify the effect of steam extraction used in juice production and the stages of vinification on the ochratoxin A (OTA) levels found in grapes naturally contaminated, and (ii) evaluate the risk of exposure to this toxin when the daily consumption of juice and wine is followed to prevent cardiovascular disease. OTA-producing fungi were isolated from Cabernet Sauvignon, Moscato Itálico and Concord grapes harvested from the same vineyard and intended to produce red wine, white wine and juice, respectively...
September 6, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760155/wine-glass-size-and-wine-sales-a-replication-study-in-two-bars
#9
Rachel Pechey, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Gareth J Hollands, Eleni Mantzari, Zorana Zupan, Theresa M Marteau
OBJECTIVE: Wine glass size may influence perceived volume and subsequently purchasing and consumption. Using a larger glass to serve the same portions of wine was found to increase wine sales by 9.4% (95% CI 1.9, 17.5) in a recent study conducted in one bar. The current study aimed to replicate this previous work in two other bars using a wider range of glass sizes. To match the previous study, a repeated multiple treatment reversal design, during which wine was served in glasses of the same design but different sizes, was used...
August 1, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733233/estimation-of-dietary-intake-and-target-hazard-quotients-for-metals-by-consumption-of-wines-from-the-canary-islands
#10
Angel J Gutiérrez, Carmen Rubio, Isabel M Moreno, A Gustavo González, Dailos Gonzalez-Weller, Naouel Bencharki, Arturo Hardisson, Consuelo Revert
This paper describes the impact of mineral content on wines and assesses the potential health risk from consuming these wines from Canary Islands. The metal content (B, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, Zn) of red wines belonging to different regions in the Canary Islands was determined by ICP-OES. The studied wine regions were Valle de la Orotava, Tacoronte-Acentejo, Ycoden-Daute-Isora, Abona and Valle de Güimar in Tenerife Island and only one in La Gomera and La Palma Islands. According to the content found, elements could be classified in two categories: the main group including Ca, K, Mg, Na, and the ''minor'' set consisting of B, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb and Zn...
July 19, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717999/macro-and-microclimate-conditions-may-alter-grapevine-deacclimation-variation-in-thermal-amplitude-in-two-contrasting-wine-regions-from-north-and-south-america
#11
Francisco Gonzalez Antivilo, Rosalía Cristina Paz, Markus Keller, Roberto Borgo, Jorge Tognetti, Fidel Roig Juñent
Low temperature is a limiting factor that affects vineyard distribution globally. The level of cold hardiness acquired during the dormant season by Vitis sp. is crucial for winter survival. Most research published on this topic has been generated beyond 40° N latitude, where daily mean temperatures may attain injurious levels during the dormant season resulting in significant damage to vines and buds. Symptoms of cold injury have been identified in Mendoza (32-35° S latitude), a Southern Hemisphere wine region characterized by a high thermal amplitude, and warm winds during the dormant season...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466415/tannat-grape-composition-responses-to-spatial-variability-of-temperature-in-an-uruguay-s-coastal-wine-region
#12
Mercedes Fourment, Milka Ferrer, Gustavo González-Neves, Gérard Barbeau, Valérie Bonnardot, Hervé Quénol
Spatial variability of temperature was studied in relation to the berry basic composition and secondary compounds of the Tannat cultivar at harvest from vineyards located in Canelones and Montevideo, the most important wine region of Uruguay. Monitoring of berries and recording of temperature were performed in 10 commercial vineyards of Tannat situated in the southern coastal wine region of the country for three vintages (2012, 2013, and 2014). Results from a multivariate correlation analysis between berry composition and temperature over the three vintages showed that (1) Tannat responses to spatial variability of temperature were different over the vintages, (2) correlations between secondary metabolites and temperature were higher than those between primary metabolites, and (3) correlation values between berry composition and climate variables increased when ripening occurred under dry conditions (below average rainfall)...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450688/a-case-of-55-year-old-man-with-first-ever-generalized-seizure-diagnosed-with-sturge-weber-syndrome-type-iii-by-characteristic-mri-findings
#13
REVIEW
Hidehiro Ishikawa, Yuichiro Ii, Atsushi Niwa, Keita Matsuura, Masayuki Maeda, Hidekazu Tomimoto
A 55-year-old man with no mental retardation had presented a history of frequent transient clumsiness of his right upper and lower extremities for about 20 years. He was admitted to a general hospital with weakness of right side of the body, and first-ever generalized seizure attack occurred the next day. Brain CT showed calcification in the left cerebral cortices. So he was referred to our hospital. On neurological examination, he had mild clumsiness of his right upper limb and right pyramidal tract sign. He had neither facial port-wine stain nor glaucoma...
May 27, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403379/effect-of-resveratrol-on-walking-performance-in-older-people-with-peripheral-artery-disease-the-restore-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Mary M McDermott, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Jack M Guralnik, Lu Tian, Robert Sufit, Lihui Zhao, Michael H Criqui, Melina R Kibbe, James H Stein, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephen D Anton, Tamar S Polonsky, Ying Gao, Rafael de Cabo, Luigi Ferrucci
Importance: Research shows that resveratrol, a sirtuin activator in red wine, improves exercise endurance and skeletal-muscle oxidative metabolism in animals and may enhance vascular function in humans. Resveratrol supplement sales exceed $30 million annually in the United States, but few data are available regarding its efficacy in humans. Objective: To determine whether resveratrol, 125 mg/d or 500 mg/d, improves the 6-minute walk performance in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD)...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323197/postprandial-effects-of-wine-consumption-on-platelet-activating-factor-metabolic-enzymes
#15
Chrysa Argyrou, Ioanna Vlachogianni, George Stamatakis, Constantinos A Demopoulos, Smaragdi Antonopoulou, Elizabeth Fragopoulou
Platelet Activating factor (PAF) is a potent inflammatory mediator that is involved in the initiation and the prolongation of atherosclerosis. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of wine consumption on the activity of PAF metabolic enzymes and on IL-6 levels as a cytokine inflammatory marker. Healthy men participated in 4 daily trials and consumed a standardized meal along with Robola wine (trial R), or Cabernet Sauvignon (trial CS), or ethanol solution (trial E), or water (trial W). A significant trial effect was found in the activity of lyso-PAF acetyltransferase (Lyso-PAF AT) (ptrial=0...
May 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158941/high-throughput-quantitation-of-proline-betaine-in-foods-and-suitability-as-a-valid-biomarker-for-citrus-consumption
#16
Roman Lang, Tatjana Lang, Matthias Bader, Anja Beusch, Verena Schlagbauer, Thomas Hofmann
Proline betaine has been proposed as a candidate dietary biomarker for citrus intake. To validate its suitability as a dietary biomarker and to gain insight into the range of this per-methylated amino acid in foods and beverages, a quick and accurate stable isotope dilution assay was developed for quantitative high-throughput HILIC-MS/MS screening of proline betaine in foods and urine after solvent-mediated matrix precipitation. Quantitative analysis of a variety of foods confirmed substantial amounts of proline betaine in citrus juices (140-1100 mg/L) and revealed high abundance in tubers of the vegetable Stachys affinis, also known as Chinese artichocke (∼700 mg/kg)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132861/global-and-untargeted-metabolomics-evidence-of-the-protective-effect-of-different-extracts-of-dipsacus-asper-wall-ex-c-b-clarke-on-estrogen-deficiency-after-ovariectomia-in-rats
#17
Yi Tao, Xi Chen, Weidong Li, Baochang Cai, Liuqing Di, Liyun Shi, Lihong Hu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dipsacus asper Wall. ex C.B. Clarke (DA) is an effectively traditional Chinese medicine for treating osteoporosis and bone fracture. Until now, studies on pharmacological mechanism of DA mostly centered on cell and gene level, little is known about its metabolic signatures. The aim of this study is to investigate the anti-osteoporosis effects of crude and wine-processed DA by global and untargeted metabolic profiling of rats serum, liver and kidney derived from sham, model and treated groups...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107576/non-invasive-anaesthetic-methods-for-dermatological-laser-procedures-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
K Greveling, E P Prens, L Liu, M B A van Doorn
Pain is a common side-effect of dermatological laser procedures. Non-invasive anaesthetic drugs and anaesthetic procedures can be used to provide pain relief and increase patient satisfaction and treatment efficacy. However, it remains unclear which method provides the best pain relief. The objective of this systematic review was therefore to assess the efficacy and safety of non-invasive anaesthetic methods during dermatological laser procedures. A systematic literature search was conducted. Randomized and non-randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs and CCTs) were included...
July 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077105/the-prevalence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-farm-worker-community-in-the-boland-district-south-africa
#19
Maritza J Kruger, Theo A Nell
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, not much is known about MetS in farm working communities. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of the MetS in a farm working population from the Boland winelands district of the Western Cape, South Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was followed among farm workers (aged 20-60 years) from surrounding wine estates. The questionnaires used described socio-demographic status, ethnic background, alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise and daily medication...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028786/determination-of-fluoride-in-organic-and-non-organic-wines
#20
Soraya Paz, Juan Ramón Jaudenes, Angel José Gutiérrez, Carmen Rubio, Arturo Hardisson, Consuelo Revert
Fluorine is an element of great importance to human health, as it is considered to be an essential element. However, both a deficiency and an excess, it can cause various problems. It is for this reason that values have been established regarding the recommended daily intake (RDI) and acceptable daily intake (ADI). The largest source of incorporation of fluoride is water, but it can be found in other foods and beverages, such as vegetables, tea, and wine. The aim of the study was to establish the fluoride concentration in organic and non-organic wines from different appellations of origin of the Canary Islands and mainland Spain, in order to assess the contribution of fluoride and toxic risk...
December 27, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
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