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María-Ángeles Del-Castillo-Alonso, Antonella Castagna, Kristóf Csepregi, Éva Hideg, Gabor Jakab, Marcel A K Jansen, Tjaša Jug, Laura Llorens, Anikó Mátai, Johann Martínez-Lüscher, Laura Monforte, Susanne Neugart, Julie Olejnickova, Annamaria Ranieri, Katharina Schoedll-Hummel, Monika Schreiner, Gonzalo Soriano, Péter Teszlák, Susanne Tittmann, Otmar Urban, Dolors Verdaguer, Gaetano Zipoli, Javier Martínez-Abaigar, Encarnacion Núñez-Olivera
Mature berries of Pinot Noir grapevines were sampled across a latitudinal gradient in Europe, from southern Spain to central Germany. Our aim was to study the influence of latitude-dependent environmental factors on the metabolite composition (mainly phenolic compounds) of berry skins. Solar radiation variables were positively correlated with flavonols and flavanonols and, to a lesser extent, with stilbenes and cinnamic acids. The daily means of global and erythematic UV solar radiation over long periods (bud break-veraison, bud break-harvest and veraison-harvest), and the doses and daily means in shorter development periods (5-10 days before veraison and harvest) were the variables best correlated with the phenolic profile...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Cornelia Rada, Alexandru Teodor Ispas
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption (AC) has negative social and economic consequences, affects health, and can create dependence. As dependence is particularly difficult to cure, prevention is important. This study aimed to identify the frequency, quantity, occasions, reasons, type of AC, and correlation with accentuated personality traits among young adults in Romania. METHODS: Participants were 1359 young adults aged 18-30 years (average age, 22.67 years; standard deviation [SD], 3...
October 27, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Sebastião Barreto de Brito-Filho, Egberto Gaspar de Moura, Orlando José Dos Santos, Euler Nicolau Sauaia-Filho, Elias Amorim, Ewaldo Eder Carvalho Santana, Allan Kardec Dualibe Barros-Filho, Rennan Abud Pinheiro Santos
Background: The health benefits associated with moderate wine consumption, as with ethanol and phenolic compounds, include different mechanisms still little understandable. Aim: Evaluate glycemic and weight variations, and the deposit of triglycerides, cholesterol and liver glycogen with red wine consumption. Methods: 60 ApoE knockout mice were divided into three groups of 20: Wine Group (WG), Ethanol Group (EG) and Water Group (WAG). They received daily: WG 50 ml of wine and 50 ml water; EG 6 ml ethanol and WAG 94 ml of water...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Peng Ma, Ling Yao, Xuemei Lin, Tieguang Gu, Xianglu Rong, Robert Batey, Johji Yamahara, Jianwei Wang, Yuhao Li
Apple pomace is a by-product of the processing of apple for juice, cider or wine preparation. Rosemary is a herb commonly used as spice and flavoring agent in food processing. Evidence suggests that both apple pomace and rosemary have rich bioactive molecules with numerous metabolic effects. To provide more information for using apple pomace and rosemary as functional foods for management of metabolism-associated disorders, the present study investigated the insulin-sensitizing effect of a mixture of apple pomace and rosemary extract (AR)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Benjamin N R Cheyette, Sarah N R Cheyette
We report a case of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), diarrhea subtype, characterized by daily 'morning rush' and episodic acute exacerbations brought on by common IBS trigger foods including insoluble fiber, red wine and large/rich meals. The patient also had a history of migraine headaches, and a family history suggesting a common diathesis for both disorders. Given hypothesized contributions to IBS from dysregulation of the enteric serotonergic system, a trial of low-dose triptan medication was implemented in the context of the patient's known IBS triggers, with highly satisfactory results...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy, Angela Río, Paloma Domingo Garcia, Maria de Fatima Guerreiro Godoy
The aim of this study is to report the results of intensive therapy of lymphedema associated with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. A 24-year-old female patient reported that her family had observed edema in her right leg and port wine stains from birth. For ten years, they consulted with different specialists in the region but the prognosis did not change and no specific treatment was found. In 2014, at the age of 24, with massive lymphedema, a leg ulcer, and recurrent infections, she started treatment at the Clínica Godoy in São José do Rio Preto...
2016: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
Vincent Kam-Wai Wong, Betty Yuen-Kwan Law, Xiao-Jun Yao, Xi Chen, Su Wei Xu, Liang Liu, Elaine Lai-Han Leung
Traditional biotechnology has been utilized by human civilization for long in wide aspects of our daily life, such as wine and vinegar production, which can generate new phytochemicals from natural products using micro-organism. Today, with advanced biotechnology, diverse applications and advantages have been exhibited not only in bringing benefits to increase the diversity and composition of herbal phytochemicals, but also helping to elucidate the treatment mechanism and accelerate new drug discovery from Chinese herbal medicine (CHM)...
September 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Cui-mei Liang, Hui Hu, Chao-xin Wang, Song-ge Sun, Wen-jin Yang, Liang Pan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the curative effect of acupuncture intervention in reducing visceral fat content and secretary function in abdominal obesity patients. METHODS: A total of 73 cases of abdominal obesity patients were randomly divided into acupuncture group (n = 50) and control group (n = 23) according to the randomized block design. For patients of the acupuncture group, Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Daheng (SP 15), Daimai (GB 26), Shuidao (ST 28), Waiguan (SJ 5) and Zulinqi (GB 41) were punctured with filiform needles, followed by electroacupuncture stimulation (2 Hz/100 Hz, 4-8 mA) of bilateral ST 25 and GB 26 for 20 min, once every other day for 8 weeks...
April 2016: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Ilja Croijmans, Asifa Majid
People in Western cultures are poor at naming smells and flavors. However, for wine and coffee experts, describing smells and flavors is part of their daily routine. So are experts better than lay people at conveying smells and flavors in language? If smells and flavors are more easily linguistically expressed by experts, or more "codable", then experts should be better than novices at describing smells and flavors. If experts are indeed better, we can also ask how general this advantage is: do experts show higher codability only for smells and flavors they are expert in (i...
2016: PloS One
Tommy Cederholm, Mai-Lis Hellénius
By the food intake man is daily exposed to numerous chemical agents with impact on ageing and longevity. Over the last two centuries longevity in the affluent societies has increased by 2 years per decade. Improved food habits are important contributing factors.  Dietary patterns of populations with long life-spans, like the traditional Mediterranean diet and the Okinawa Island diet, provide the basis to recommend plant foods like vegetables, legumes, fruits, non-tropical vegetable oils as basic fat, light meat (e...
2016: Läkartidningen
Thalita Fialho da Rocha, Maria Helena Hasselmann, Cíntia Chaves Curioni, Flávia Fioruci Bezerra, Eduardo Faerstein
PURPOSE: Evaluate the association between alcohol consumption and body adiposity. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from a longitudinal investigation (Pró-Saúde Study), comprising a sample of 514 civil servants of both sexes (35-64 years). Daily alcohol consumption (wine, beer, and other alcoholic drinks) over the previous 6 months was assessed via food frequency questionnaire and categorized as no doses, up to 1 dose, and ≥1 dose. The total body mass, total fat mass (TFM), android fat mass (AFM), and gynoid fat mass (GFM) were measured via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
June 7, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Rachel Pechey, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Gareth J Hollands, Eleni Mantzari, Marcus R Munafò, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: Wine glass size can influence both perceptions of portion size and the amount poured, but its impact upon purchasing and consumption is unknown. This study aimed to examine the impact of wine glass size on wine sales for on-site consumption, keeping portion size constant. METHODS: In one establishment (with separate bar and restaurant areas) in Cambridge, England, wine glass size (Standard; Larger; Smaller) was changed over eight fortnightly periods...
2016: BMC Public Health
Luz Ma León-Muñoz, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Esther García-Esquinas, Iñaki Galán, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several studies have found that moderate alcohol intake is associated with lower risk of functional limitations in older adults. However, no previous investigation has assessed this association in older adults from Mediterranean countries, who show characteristic drinking patterns. METHODS: Data were taken from the UAM and the Seniors-ENRICA cohorts in Spain, comprising community-dwelling people aged ≥60 years. At baseline, participants in both cohorts were classified as non-drinkers, ex-drinkers, moderate drinkers and heavy drinkers (the threshold between moderate and heavy intake was ≥40 g/day in men and ≥24 g/day in women)...
May 24, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Jane Bates
'Nuts and pulses worse than a daily bottle of wine.' As a vegetarian, I am waiting for a newspaper headline like this that will blow my dietary habits out of the water.
November 18, 2015: Nursing Standard
Sakhila K Banu, Jone A Stanley, Kirthiram K Sivakumar, Joe A Arosh, Robert C Burghardt
Resveratrol (RVT), a polyphenolic component in grapes and red wine, has been known for its cytoprotective actions against several diseases. However, beneficial effects of RVT against early exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have not been understood. EDCs are linked to several ovarian diseases such as premature ovarian failure, polycystic ovary syndrome, early menopause and infertility in women. Hexavalent chromium (CrVI) is a heavy metal EDC, and widely used in >50 industries. Environmental contamination with CrVI in the US is rapidly increasing, predisposing the human to several illnesses including cancers and still birth...
July 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Adam E Barry, Shawn D Whiteman, Jennifer Cremeens-Matthews
AIMS: Estimate the alcohol-attributed calories associated with respondents' (a) most recent binge drinking episode, and (b) binge drinking across a thirty-day period. METHODS: Examined responses to a module of the 2008 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), completed by a 10-state sample in the United States (n = 7,375), in order to estimate the alcohol-attributed calories consumed among binge drinkers. Alcohol-attributed calories were estimated by multiplying number of drinks consumed for each category (beer, wine, liquor drinks, and pre-mixed flavored drinks) collected in the BRFSS by caloric averages based on two data sources...
June 6, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Kenta Sekiguchi, Shiori Takehana, Eri Shibuya, Nichiwa Matsuzawa, Shiori Hidaka, Yurie Kanai, Maki Inoue, Yoshiko Kubota, Yoshihito Shimazu, Mamoru Takeda
BACKGROUND: Resveratrol, a component of red wine, has been reported to decrease prostaglandin E2 production by inhibiting the cyclooxygenase-2 cascade and to modulate various voltage-dependent ion channels, suggesting that resveratrol could attenuate inflammatory hyperalgesia. However, the effects of resveratrol on inflammation-induced hyperexcitability of nociceptive neurons in vivo remain to be determined. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine whether daily systemic administration of resveratrol to rats attenuates the inflammation-induced hyperexcitability of spinal trigeminal nucleus caudalis wide-dynamic range neurons associated with hyperalgesia...
2016: Molecular Pain
Brooke S Wymond, Kacie M Dickinson, Malcolm D Riley
OBJECTIVE: To assess alcoholic beverage intake among Australian adults and its contribution to dietary energy intake. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a national dietary survey using 24 h dietary recall. SETTING: Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NNPAS) conducted from May 2011 to June 2012. SUBJECTS: Adults (n 9341) aged 19 years and over. RESULTS: On the day preceding the survey, 32·8% of Australian adults consumed one or more alcoholic drinks...
October 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Marianna N Xanthopoulou, Konstantia Kalathara, Sophia Melachroinou, Kalliopi Arampatzi-Menenakou, Smaragdi Antonopoulou, Mary Yannakoulia, Elizabeth Fragopoulou
PURPOSE: Platelet activating factor (PAF) is a potent inflammatory and thrombotic mediator that participates in the initiation and prolongation of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential effect of wine consumption on platelet aggregation against PAF. METHODS: The study had cross-over design. Ten healthy men participated in four daily trials on separate days: They consumed a standardized meal along with white wine, Robola variety (trial R), or red wine, Cabernet Sauvignon variety (trial CS), or an ethanol solution (trial E), or water (trial W)...
March 2, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Meera Jain, Richard Wernick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
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