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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094427/minimalism-in-art-medical-science-and-neurosurgery
#1
Ali İhsan Ökten
The word ''minimalism'' is a word derived from French the word ''minimum''. Whereas the lexical meaning of minimum is ''the least or the smallest quantity necessary for something'', its expression in mathematics can be described as ''the lowest step a variable number can descend, least, minimal''. Minimalism, which advocates an extreme simplicity of the artistic form, is a current in modern art and music whose origins go to 1960s and which features simplicity and objectivity. Although art, science and philosophy are different disciplines, they support each other from time to time, sometimes they intertwine and sometimes they copy each other...
December 21, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068134/psychologists-in-patient-centered-medical-homes-pcmhs-roles-evidence-opportunities-and-challenges
#2
Anne E Kazak, Justin M Nash, Kimberly Hiroto, Nadine J Kaslow
The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is an increasingly common model of health care delivery with many exciting opportunities for psychologists. The PCMH reflects a philosophy and model of care that is highly consistent with psychological science and practice. It strives to provide patient-centered, comprehensive, team-based, coordinated, accessible, and quality and safety-oriented health care delivery to individuals and families. Moreoever, in keeping with changes in the health care system more broadly, the PCMH model prioritizes the integration of behavioral and physical health care, and this emphasis lays the foundation for active and full engagement of psychologists in this context...
January 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065344/abai-s-moc-assessment-of-knowledge-program-matures-adding-value-with-continuous-learning-and-assessment
#3
REVIEW
David I Bernstein, Stephen I Wasserman, William P Thompson, Theodore M Freeman
Rapid changes in modern medicine along with advances in the science of learning and memory have necessitated a shift in the way physician knowledge is assessed. Physician recertification beyond initial certification has historically consisted of retaining large amounts of knowledge over a long time span. The adult learning theory has shown that the maintenance and improvement of our knowledge base is more effective by being exposed to new concepts at regular intervals throughout one's career and reinforcing these concepts on an ongoing basis...
January 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055087/osteopathic-philosophy-and-manipulation-enhancement-program-influence-on-osteopathic-medical-students-interest-in-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine
#4
Mikhail Volokitin, Pavan V Ganapathiraju
CONTEXT: Interest in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) among first- and second-year osteopathic medical students typically declines toward the end of the second year of medical school. An osteopathic philosophy and manipulation enhancement (OPME) program was implemented for osteopathic medical students to gain additional exposure to OMM at the Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in New York, New York. OBJECTIVE: To assess how additional exposure to OMM through the OPME program influenced first- and second-year students' interest in using OMM...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051888/the-benefits-and-burdens-of-cancer-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
Joelle P Straehla, Krysta S Barton, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Claire Wharton, Kevin Scott Baker, Kira Bona, Joanne Wolfe, Abby R Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and early young adults (AYAs) with cancer are at high risk for poor outcomes. Positive psychological responses such as benefit-finding may buffer the negative impacts of cancer but are poorly understood in this population. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to prospectively describe the content and trajectory of benefit- and burden-finding among AYAs to develop potential targets for future intervention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One-on-one semistructured interviews were conducted with English-speaking AYA patients (aged 14-25 years) within 60 days of diagnosis of a noncentral nervous system malignancy requiring chemotherapy, 6-12 and 12-18 months later...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047960/tu-b-206-02-on-the-algorithmic-approach-to-ethical-conduct
#6
G Sherouse
PURPOSE: To reacquaint the participant with foundational aspects of educational, healthcare and research ethics as they relate to the Medical Physicist day to day role. METHODS: Presenting recognized best practice guidelines and tenants applied to hypothetical scenarios and medical physics related occupations. RESULTS: The application of recognized standards of ethical behavior result in beneficial outcomes for all involved CONCLUSION: Ethics is multi-faceted in its manifestation application; most facets are applicable to any avenue a medical physicist may pursue in their career...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047387/tu-b-206-00-do-the-right-thing
#7
Jeffrey Limmer
PURPOSE: To reacquaint the participant with foundational aspects of educational, healthcare and research ethics as they relate to the Medical Physicist day to day role. METHODS: Presenting recognized best practice guidelines and tenants applied to hypothetical scenarios and medical physics related occupations. RESULTS: The application of recognized standards of ethical behavior result in beneficial outcomes for all involved CONCLUSION: Ethics is multi-faceted in its manifestation application; most facets are applicable to any avenue a medical physicist may pursue in their career...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046722/tu-b-206-01-navigating-the-black-white-and-gray
#8
J Limmer
PURPOSE: To reacquaint the participant with foundational aspects of educational, healthcare and research ethics as they relate to the Medical Physicist day to day role. METHODS: Presenting recognized best practice guidelines and tenants applied to hypothetical scenarios and medical physics related occupations. RESULTS: The application of recognized standards of ethical behavior result in beneficial outcomes for all involved CONCLUSION: Ethics is multi-faceted in its manifestation application; most facets are applicable to any avenue a medical physicist may pursue in their career...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042904/the-polyanalgesic-consensus-conference-pacc-recommendations-on-intrathecal-drug-infusion-systems-best-practices-and-guidelines
#9
REVIEW
Timothy R Deer, Jason E Pope, Salim Hayek, Anjum Bux, Eric Buchser, Sam Eldabe, Jose A De Andrés, Michael Erdek, Dennis Patin, Jay S Grider, Daniel M Doleys, Marilyn S Jacobs, Tony L Yaksh, Lawrence Poree, Mark S Wallace, Joshua Prager, Richard Rauck, Oscar DeLeon, Sudhir Diwan, Steven M Falowski, Helena M Gazelka, Philip Kim, Michael Leong, Robert M Levy, Gladstone McDowell Ii, Porter McRoberts, Ramana Naidu, Samir Narouze, Christophe Perruchoud, Steven M Rosen, William S Rosenberg, Michael Saulino, Peter Staats, Lisa J Stearns, Dean Willis, Elliot Krames, Marc Huntoon, Nagy Mekhail
INTRODUCTION: Pain treatment is best performed when a patient-centric, safety-based philosophy is used to determine an algorithmic process to guide care. Since 2007, the International Neuromodulation Society has organized a group of experts to evaluate evidence and create a Polyanalgesic Consensus Conference (PACC) to guide practice. METHODS: The current PACC update was designed to address the deficiencies and innovations emerging since the previous PACC publication of 2012...
January 2, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033072/historic-leadership
#10
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 1 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
January 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031958/life-as-an-early-career-researcher-interview-with-kavita-beri
#11
Kavita Beri
Kavita Beri speaks to Francesca Lake, Managing Editor. Kavita Beri is a board certified Internal Medicine physician in the United States, and is an active member of the American Society of Laser Medicine and Surgery. She is the medical director and owner of BE Skin & Laser Med Spa, an aesthetic medicine practice in NJ, USA. She holds a position as a Visiting Scientist at the Department of Biomaterials and Center for Dermal Research at Rutgers University (NJ, USA) and is an active staff member in the Department of Medicine at Jersey Shore University Medical Center (NJ, USA)...
June 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025426/life-and-medical-ethics-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#12
Mami Yamasaki
Ethical issues in the field of pediatric neurosurgery, including prenatal diagnosis, palliative care for children with an intractable serious disease, and medical neglect, are discussed. An important role of medicine is to offer every possible treatment to a patient. However, it also is the responsibility of medicine to be conscious of its limitations, and to help parents love and respect a child who suffers from an incurable disease. When dealing with cases of medical neglect and palliative care for an incurable disease, it is critical to diagnose the child's condition accurately and evaluate the outcome...
December 26, 2016: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983624/sharing-the-load-amish-healthcare-financing
#13
Kristyn Rohrer, Lauren Dundes
When settling healthcare bills, the Old Order Amish of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania rely on an ethos of mutual aid, independent of the government. Consonant with this philosophy, many Amish do not participate in or receive benefits from Social Security or Medicare. They are also exempted from the Affordable Care Act of 2010. This study expands the limited documentation of Amish Hospital Aid, an Amish health insurance program that covers major medical costs. Interview data from 11 Amish adults in Lancaster County depict how this aid program supplements traditional congregational alms coverage of medical expenses...
December 14, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977540/empowerment-of-parents-in-the-intensive-care-questionnaire-translation-and-validation-in-italian-picus
#14
Andrea Wolfler, Alberto Giannini, Martina Finistrella, Ida Salvo, Edoardo Calderini, Giulia Frasson, Immacolata Dall'Oglio, Michela Di Furia, Rossella Iuzzolino, Massimo Musicco, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: To translate and validate the EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care questionnaire to measure parent satisfaction and experiences in Italian PICUs. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter study. SETTING: Four medical/surgical Italian PICUs in three tertiary hospitals. PATIENTS: Families of children, 0-16 years old, admitted to the PICUs were invited to participate. Inclusion criteria were PICU length of stay greater than 24 hours and good comprehension of Italian language by parents/guardians...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968890/patient-physician-trust-in-china-a-workshop-summary
#15
Cheris S C Chan, Yu Cheng, Yali Cong, Zhizheng Du, Shanlian Hu, Amanda Kerrigan, Arthur Kleinman, Mengfeng Li, Benjamin Liebman, Yonghui Ma, Jing-Bao Nie, Daniel F C Tsai, Duujian Tsai, Joseph D Tucker, Lijie Wang, Bonnie Wong, William C W Wong, Zeping Xiao, Juncai Xu, Yunxiang Yan, Yang Yang, Daqing Zhang, Mingjie Zhao, Jianfeng Zhu, Wei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Patient-physician mistrust has become deeply embedded in medical clinics within a wide variety of settings, including many in China. The purpose of this research was to develop a series of actionable policy recommendations to rebuild patient-physician trust in China. METHODS: Our interdisciplinary group included experts in medicine, public health, philosophy, ethics, law, regulation, China studies, anthropology, sociology, and communications. Recommendations were identified by team members and presented at a two-day workshop at the Harvard Center, Shanghai, China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968824/relationships-between-physicians-psychological-contract-and-job-satisfaction-intention-to-leave-medical-practice-and-professionalism-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-china
#16
Zhou Ping, Shi Jian-Wei, Zhang Yu, Bai Fei, Wei Xue-Feng, Xue Di
BACKGROUND: Physician motivation to maintain public welfare has become the key for the New Public Hospital Reform in China. This study aimed to apply a different perspective, the psychological contract (a popular concept in business management research) and explore the correlations between physicians' psychological contract and their job satisfaction, intention to leave medical practice, and professionalism. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a stratified sampling method in Shanghai, Hubei, and Gansu in China from June 10 to October 30, 2013...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957287/the-doctor-patient-relationship-toward-a-conceptual-re-examination
#17
Hamidreza Namazi, Kiarash Aramesh, Bagher Larijani
The nature of the doctor-patient relationship as a keystone of care necessitates philosophical, psychological and sociological considerations. The present study investigates concepts related to these three critical views considered especially important. From the philosophical viewpoint, the three concepts of "the demands of ethics "," ethical phenomenology and "the philosophy of the relationship" are of particular importance. From a psychological point of view, the five concepts of "communication behavior patterns" (including submissiveness, dominance, aggression, and assertiveness), "psychic distance", "emotional quotient", "conflict between pain relief and truth-telling", and "body language" have received specific emphasis...
2016: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938650/-the-search-for-balance-in-the-therapeutic-decision-making-process-the-example-of-class-ii-malocclusion-treatments-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Philippe Amat
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic decision-making is essentially the key to our clinical practice, and its most medical feature. The history of orthodontics is studded with multiple intellectual debates and stand-offs between conflicting treatment philosophies, the authors of which all aspire to a balance guaranteeing optimal treatment for their patients. Among the wealth of published data, which items should we select to ensure balanced treatment decisions in our daily practice and how can we remain serene in the face of the uncertainty and loneliness engendered by therapeutic decision-making process? MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evidence-based orthodontics is an aid to clinical decisionmaking...
December 2016: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931780/the-development-of-a-caseload-midwifery-service-in-rural-australia
#19
Tara Tran, Jo Longman, Jude Kornelsen, Lesley Barclay
PROBLEM: The past two decades have seen progressive decline in the number of rural birthing services across Australia. BACKGROUND: Despite health system pressures on small birthing units to close there have been examples of resistance and survival. AIM: This descriptive study explored the evolution of a rural birthing service in a small town to offer insight into the process of transition which may be helpful to other small healthcare services in rural Australia...
December 5, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923777/parent-and-clinician-preferences-for-an-asthma-app-to-promote-adolescent-self-management-a-formative-study
#20
Lorie L Geryk, Courtney A Roberts, Adam J Sage, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Betsy L Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Most youth asthma apps are not designed with parent and clinician use in mind, and rarely is the app development process informed by parent or clinician input. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to generate formative data on the use, attitudes, and preferences for asthma mHealth app features among parents and clinicians, the important stakeholders who support adolescents with asthma and promote adolescent self-management skills. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study from 2013 to 2014 employing a user-centered design philosophy to acquire feedback from a convenience sample of 20 parents and 6 clinicians...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
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