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Dermatology aesthetics cosmetics

Theo K Bouman, Sandra Mulkens, Berend van der Lei
BACKGROUND: Preoccupation with a perceived appearance flaw is the main feature of body dysmorphic disorder. The majority of these patients seek and often receive some sort of cosmetic procedure, although this condition is considered to be a contraindication. This study evaluates cosmetic professionals' recognition of body dysmorphic disorder and the way they act on this. METHOD: Members of Dutch professional associations for aesthetic plastic surgery, dermatology, and cosmetic medicine received an online survey by means of their association's digital mailing lists; the survey was completed by 173 respondents...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Derek Ho, Jared Jagdeo
BACKGROUND: Body sculpting, or body contouring, is among the fastest growing areas in cosmetic dermatology. Cryolipolysis, or "fat freezing," was FDA-cleared (CoolSculpting System, ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Pleasanton, CA) initially in 2010 for fat removal of the anks, and subsequently received FDA-clearance for other anatomical locations. Over the past several years, there have been increasing published reports and physician discussion regarding paradoxical adipose hyperplasia (PAH) post-cryolipolysis, previously identified as a "rare" adverse effect...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Anastasia Benoit, Brian C Leach, Joel Cook
BACKGROUND: Surgical defects in anatomically challenging locations, such as near free margins or crossing cosmetic subunits, may present reconstructive challenges to the dermatologic surgeon. For selected defects, Burow's grafts may produce functional and aesthetic results in a single operative session. OBJECTIVE: To describe the applications of the Burow's graft technique for the repair of defects after Mohs micrographic surgery. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective database review of surgical defects repaired with Burow's grafting after Mohs micrographic surgery at the Medical University of South Carolina was performed...
April 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Karin Eshagh, Cameron K Rokhsar
The types of cosmetic procedures favored by Asian individuals are unique and tailored to their anatomical differences. Thus, a customized approach is taken for different cosmetic procedures, ranging from neurotoxins and fillers to nonablative fractional resurfacing. The purpose of this review article is to identify the different types of cosmetic procedures commonly sought by Asian individuals and to understand how these different procedures are customized toward their aesthetic preferences. This review integrates the findings from multiple clinical trials available on PubMed...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Monique Vanaman Wilson, Sabrina Guillen Fabi, Ryan Greene
Importance: The pivotal approval trial for a smooth, highly cohesive, viscous, 20-mg/mL hyaluronic acid filler demonstrated sustained aesthetic improvement, with a mean injection volume of 6.65 mL. In daily practice, however, it is not often practical or necessary to use large injection volumes to achieve the desired cosmetic outcome. Objective: To assess the efficacy, longevity, and patient satisfaction associated with correction of age-related midface volume loss using the low volumes of hyaluronic acid filler more commonly used in day-to-day practice...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Mary P Lupo
*Proceedings from a recent cosmetic dermatology conference, Cosmetic Bootcamp, Aspen, CO.
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
E Victor Ross, Travis W Blalock, Douglas Winstanley, Joel L Cohen, James J Childs
UNLABELLED: A melanin meter has been created to assess real time skin pigmentation to optimize settings for visible light aesthetic applications. METHODS: A handheld meter was applied to non sun-damaged skin on the back of volunteers to measure skin pigmentation prior to treatment with IPL light sources over a range of pulse widths and ascending fluences. Curves for maximum epidermal tolerances as a function of pigmentation were determined. These curves were then tabulated for each pulse width in device software to provide guidance in the selection of fluences...
April 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Joshua T Waltzman, Kashyap Komarraju Tadisina, Susan Orra, Huseyin Elbey
BACKGROUND: Competition among our sister cosmetic specialties continues to increase. Once a field dominated by plastic surgeons, there is a clear trend toward increased competition from core and non-core disciplines. While these marketplace trends are obvious, how such competition has affected academia or peer reviewed publications is less clear. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the most cited peer reviewed facial aesthetic literature over the past five decades to see if marketplace trends are echoed in a similar manner across the academic disciplines of plastic surgery, otolaryngology, dermatology, and ophthalmology...
July 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Anne F Klassen, Stefan J Cano, Jonathan A Schwitzer, Stephen B Baker, Alastair Carruthers, Jean Carruthers, Anne Chapas, Andrea L Pusic
IMPORTANCE: Patient-reported outcomes data are needed to determine the efficacy of cosmetic procedures. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and psychometric evaluation of 8 appearance scales and 2 adverse effect checklists for use in minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We performed a psychometric study to select the most clinically sensitive items for inclusion in item-reduced scales and to examine reliability and validity with patients...
April 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Paolo Boggio, Benedetta Miglino, Rossana Tiberio, Enrico Colombo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Kit Frederiksen, Richard H Guy, Karsten Petersson
INTRODUCTION: Dosing regimens requiring multiple daily applications frequently result in poor patient compliance, especially in the treatment of chronic skin diseases. Consequently, development of sustained delivery systems for topical drugs permitting less frequent dosing is of continuing interest for dermatological therapy. AREAS COVERED: This potential of polymeric film-forming systems (FFS), created in situ on the skin, as sustained delivery platforms for topical drug delivery is reviewed...
2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Nark-Kyoung Rho, Yao-Yuan Chang, Yates Yen-Yu Chao, Nobutaka Furuyama, Peter Y C Huang, Martina Kerscher, Hee-Jin Kim, Je-Young Park, Hsien Li Peter Peng, Paisal Rummaneethorn, Berthold Rzany, Hema Sundaram, Chin Ho Wong, Yuli Yang, Adri Dwi Prasetyo
BACKGROUND: Although the use of filling agents for soft-tissue augmentation has increased worldwide, most consensus statements do not distinguish between ethnic populations. There are, however, significant differences between Caucasian and Asian faces, reflecting not only cultural disparities, but also distinctive treatment goals. Unlike aesthetic patients in the West, who usually seek to improve the signs of aging, Asian patients are younger and request a broader range of indications...
November 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Joshua A Farhadian, Bradley S Bloom, Jeremy A Brauer
Aesthetics continues to be a rapidly growing field within dermatology. In 2014, Americans spent 5 billion dollars on an estimated 9 million minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. Between 1997 and 2014, the number of aesthetic procedures performed on men increased by 273%. The approach to male aesthetics differs from that of females. Men have a squarer face, a more angled and larger jaw, and equally balanced upper and lower facial proportions. Facial muscle mass, subcutaneous tissue, and blood vessel density are also increased in men relative to women...
September 2015: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Evan A Rieder, Euphemia W Mu, Jeremy A Brauer
Though still accounting for a small fraction of all cosmetic procedures in the United States, men are an emerging and rapidly expanding demographic in the field of aesthetic medicine. In this article we highlight the trends contributing to the rise of male aesthetic procedures in dermatology, touching on social influences, psychological motivations, and treatment outcomes.
September 2015: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Catharina Fluehler, Claudia Colli, Alessandro Gatti, Giusto Trevisan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Haidong Li, Song Tao, Zhao Zhenmin
BACKGROUND: In cosmetic surgery, the authors have successfully used forehead expansion for reconstruction of the upper eyelid, and have found it to be indispensable for reconstruction of the upper eyelid. In such an operation, preserving the eyebrow is often a problem, and they suggest an approach in 2 stages, which allows us to both save the eyebrow and use the expander flap at the same time. In the last 6 years, they have performed 5 forehead expansions for total upper eyelid skin reconstruction, achieving very good aesthetic outcomes...
September 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Michael S Leo, Alur S Kumar, Raj Kirit, Rajyalaxmi Konathan, Raja K Sivamani
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a highly concentrated autologous solution of plasma prepared from a patient's own blood. PRP contains platelets that are purported to release numerous growth factors that may be valuable in numerous dermatologic applications. Here, we review systematically the clinical cosmetic applications of PRP including: androgenetic alopecia, scar revision, acne scars, skin rejuvenation, dermal augmentation, and striae distensae to understand the potential and best practices for PRP use. A systematic search was conducted on three databases: Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science...
December 2015: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Molly B Austin, Divya Srivastava, Ira H Bernstein, Jeffrey S Dover
BACKGROUND: How delegation of procedures varies among cosmetic specialties in the United States is not well described. OBJECTIVE: To better describe current practices in delegation of procedures to nonphysicians among physicians of different cosmetic specialties in the United States. METHODS: An Internet-based survey was administered to physician members of the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery (ASDS), the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), and the American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery (ASLMS)...
July 2015: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
A A Chokoeva, G Tchernev, E Trayanova, J W Patterson, T Lotti, U Wollina
Congenital melanocytic nevi are relatively rare lesions (1-6%). Their size and location can cause cosmetic and functional disorders of varying degrees of severity, but in addition they can also undergo transformation to malignant melanoma. Different types of treatments have been described as being effective for these lesions, the choice of the most appropriate method depending on the size and the location of the nevi as well as the patient’s age. While locally destructive methods for superficial treatment could successfully reduce the pigmentation, recurrences are not rare and incomplete elimination of the melanocytic nevus would not exclude the possible development of subsequent malignancy...
January 2015: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Anthony M Rossi
Cosmetic dermatology is continuing to see a dramatic increase in both procedures performed and technological advancements. Men's aesthetic dermatology is burgeoning with more men seeking cosmetic consultations and intervention. Whether it is targeted cosmeceuticals for men or male-specific procedures, dermatologists must be aware of this evolving demographic and understand the biological, anatomical, and psychological aspects that separate this cohort from their female counterparts. Cosmetic dermatology has moved beyond just applying the same techniques used for females onto males...
December 2014: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
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