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Hepato renal

Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Aisha Nazeer, Ayesha Aslam Rai, Nasir Hassan Luck
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the incidence of gastrointestinal disorders requiring endoscopic and histopathologic diagnoses in renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we examined records of patients seen at the Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology and Transplantation Sciences, Sindh Institute of Urology and Trans?lantation (Karachi, Pakistan) from January 2010 to December 2014. Renal transplant recipients with gastrointestinal disorders who required endoscopy, including proctoscopy and upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy as per indication, were included...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Sahar Y Al-Okbi, Doha A Mohamed, Thanaa E Hamed, Amr E Edris, Karem Fouda
The aim of the present research was to investigate the effect of fish oil, crude Nigella sative oil and combined fish oil/Nigella sative volatile oil as hepato-regenerative and renal protective supplements. The oils were administered as emulsions to rat model with liver injury induced by CCl4 . Plasma activities of transaminases (AST and ALT) were evaluated as liver function indicators, while plasma creatinine and urea and creatinine clearance were determined as markers of kidney function. Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), nitrite (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were estimated to assess the exposure to oxidative stress and subsequent inflammation...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
Shino Fujimoto, Hiroshi Kawabata, Nozomu Kurose, Haruka Kawanami-Iwao, Tomoyuki Sakai, Takafumi Kawanami, Yoshimasa Fujita, Toshihiro Fukushima, Yasufumi Masaki
RATIONALE: TAFRO syndrome is a newly proposed disorder that manifests as thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, reticulin myelofibrosis, renal dysfunction, and organomegaly. In this report, we describe the development of severe TAFRO syndrome-like systemic symptoms during the clinical course of juvenile-onset Sjögren's syndrome in a 32-year-old woman. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was admitted due to dyspnea, fever, polyarthralgia, and generalized edema. She had been diagnosed with Sjögren's syndrome at the age of 14 years, based on histopathological examination of a biopsy of the minor salivary glands and the development of Raynaud's phenomenon, with no follow-up treatment required...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Maria Lorenzo Pisarello, Tatyana V Masyuk, Sergio A Gradilone, Anatoliy I Masyuk, Jingyi Francess Ding, Pui-Yuen Lee, Nicholas F LaRusso
Hepatic cystogenesis in polycystic liver disease (PLD) is associated with abnormalities in multiple cellular processes, including elevated cAMP and overexpression of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6). Disease progression in polycystic kidney (PCK) rats (an animal model of PLD) is attenuated by inhibition of either cAMP production or HDAC6. Therefore, we hypothesized that concurrent targeting of HDAC6 and cAMP would synergistically reduce cyst growth. Changes in hepatorenal cystogenesis were examined in PCK rats treated with a pan-HDAC inhibitor, panobinostat; three specific HDAC6 inhibitors, ACY-1215, ACY-738, and ACY-241; and a combination of ACY-1215 and the somatostatin receptor analogue, pasireotide...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
You-Jin Choi, Dong Zhou, Anne Barbosa, Yongdong Niu, Xiudong Guan, Meishu Xu, Songrong Ren, Thomas Nolin, Yiuhua Liu, Wen Xie
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associate with high mortality. Despite the evidence of AKI-induced distant organ injury, a relationship between AKI and liver injury has not been clearly established. The goal of this study is to investigate whether renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) can affect liver pathophysiology. We showed that renal IR in mice induced fatty liver and compromised liver function through the down-regulation of constitutive androstane receptor (CAR; -90.4%) and inhibition of hepatic very low-density lipoprotein-triglyceride (VLDL-TG) secretion (-28...
January 19, 2018: Molecular Pharmacology
Uzma Saleem, Saba Riaz, Bashir Ahmad, Mohammad Saleem
Background: Mortality rate is increasing due to cardiovascular problems throughout the world. These cardiac problems are directly associated with dyslipidemia. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antihyperlipidemic effect of aqueous extract and methanol extract of Trachyspermum ammi at 1 g/kg, 3 g/kg, and 5 g/kg dose levels in rats. Materials and Methods: For this purpose, 45 male albino rats were used and randomly divided into nine equal groups (n = 5)...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
David J Breen
David J Breen is Associate Professor of Radiology and previous Clinical Director of Radiology at University Hospital Southampton. His interests are in abdominal imaging and intervention, particularly of hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB)and renal disease. He has a major interest in image-guided tumor ablation and improving outcomes from these procedures. He has previously served as Vice Chair of the NHS England Clinical Reference Group in Interventional Radiology and for the NIHR/NCRN Upper GI Clinical Studies Group...
January 10, 2018: Biomarkers in Medicine
Olufunmilayo O Adeyemi, Ismail O Ishola, Ifeoluwa D Ajani
Background Cisplatin-induced acute liver and kidney injuries are serious problems in cancer patients during treatment of solid tumours. Objective This study sought to investigate possible protective effect of ethanolic fruit extract of Citrullus colocynthis (CC) against cisplatin-induced hepato-renal toxicity in rats. Methods Thirty male albino rats (150-200 g) were divided into five groups (n=6) and treated as follows: group 1: vehicle (10 mL/kg, p.o.; normal control); group 2: vehicle (10 mL/kg); groups 3-5: CC (100, 200 or 400 mg/kg, p...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Mehmet A Erdogan, Ali R Benli, Serap B Acmali, Mustafa Koroglu, Yahya Atayan, Ahmet Danalioglu, Burcak Kayhan
Aim: To investigate whether mean platelet volume (MPV) is a predictor of variceal bleeding in patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension. Materials and methods: This prospective cohort was performed in the internal medicine department of our tertiary care center. Cirrhotic patients were allocated into two groups: Group I consisted of 31 cases without a history of variceal bleeding, whereas group II was made up of 31 patients with a history of variceal bleeding...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
Meryem Bakour, Noori S Al-Waili, Nawal El Menyiy, Hamada Imtara, Anna Cristina Figuira, Thia Al-Waili, Badiaa Lyoussi
Aluminum toxicity might be related to oxidative stress, and the antioxidant activity and protective effect of bee bread, which contains pollen, honey and bees' enzymes, on aluminum induced blood and hepato-renal toxicity was investigated in rats. Chemical analysis and antioxidant capacity of bee bread were conducted. The animal experiment in rats included; group 1: received distilled water (10 ml/kg b.wt), group 2: received aluminum chloride (662.2 mg/kg b.wt), group 3: received aluminum chloride (662.2 mg/kg b...
December 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Tsunehiro Shintani, Kouji Atsuta, Takaaki Saito
Herein, we report a rare case of type B aortic dissection that occurred after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). A 66-year-old man underwent successful EVAR for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Computed tomography (CT) 2 years after EVAR showed a type B aortic dissection with stent-graft migration and AAA expansion. Juxtarenal aortic expansion precluded simple stent-graft placement. He underwent hepato-spleno-renal bypass followed by stent-graft placement just below the superior mesenteric artery...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
A T Press, M J Butans, T P Haider, C Weber, S Neugebauer, M Kiehntopf, U S Schubert, M G Clemens, M Bauer, A Kortgen
Simultaneous assessment of excretory liver and kidney function is still an unmet need in experimental stress models as well as in critical care. The aim of the study was to characterize two polymethine-dyes potentially suitable for this purpose in vivo. Plasma disappearance rate and elimination measurements of simultaneously injected fluorescent dyes DY-780 (hepato-biliary elimination) and DY-654(renal elimination) were conducted using catheter techniques and intravital microscopy in animals subjected to different organ injuries, i...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mahmoud Alagawany, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mayada Ragab Farag, Marappan Gopi, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Yashpal Singh Malik, Kuldeep Dhama
The supplementation of livestock rations with herbs containing bioactive components, such as rosmarinic acid (RA), have shown promising results as a natural feed additive in promoting growth, productive and reproductive performance, feed utilization, fertility, anti-oxidant status and immunologic indices. Furthermore, RA reportedly reduces the risks of various animal diseases and mitigates side effects of chemical and synthetic drugs. RA is a natural polyphenol present in several Lamiaceae herbs like Perilla frutescens, and RA is becoming an integral component of animal nutrition as it counters the effect of reactive oxygen species induced in the body as a consequence of different kinds of stressors...
November 7, 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
Atsushi Nanashima, Masahide Hiyoshi, Naoya Imamura, Kouichi Yano, Takeomi Hamada, Takashi Wada, Yoshiro Fujii, Fumiaki Kawano, Takuto Ikeda, Shinsuke Takeno, Eisaku Nakamura, Kunihide Nakamura, Shoichiro Mukai, Toshio Kamimura, Toshiyuki Kamoto
INTRODUCTION: The present case reports demonstrated the accompanying surgical support from hepato-biliary-pancreas (HBP) surgeons for urological surgery to secure operative safety because HBP surgeons are well experienced in dissecting techniques for mobilization of the liver or pancreas. We experienced 9 consecutive patients who underwent nephrectomy, adrenectomy or resection of retroperitoneal tumors by urological surgeons. Cardiovascular intervention was also required in cases of long tumor thrombus into the vena cava...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
James I Beck, Anca Staicu, Simon M Everett, Phil Jackson
BACKGROUND: Hospital admissions with decompensated chronic alcoholic liver disease have been increasing, leading to increased pressure on intensive care unit services. We aimed to determine the outcome and prognostic factors for patients with alcoholic liver disease requiring admission to intensive care unit. METHODS: This was a retrospective study over 5 years (January 2006-December 2010) of all intensive care unit admissions with alcoholic liver disease to either of the two Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust general intensive care units...
February 2017: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
Janet Olayemi Sangodele, Mary Tolulope Olaleye, Thomas K Monsees, Afolabi Clement Akinmoladun
BACKGROUND: Para-Dinitrobenzene (p-DNB) is one of the isomers of dinitrobenzene which have been detected as environmental toxicants. Skin irritation and organ toxicities are likely for industrial workers exposed to p-DNB. This study evaluated the effect of sub-chronic exposure of rats to p-DNB on cellular redox balance, hepatic and renal integrity. METHODS: Forty eight male Wistar rats weighing 160-180 g were administered 50, 75, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg b.wt (body weight) of p-DNB or an equivalent volume of vehicle (control) orally and topically for 14 days...
July 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Mads Israelsen, Aleksander Krag, Andrew S Allegretti, Manol Jovani, Alison H Goldin, Rachel W Winter, Lise Lotte Gluud
BACKGROUND: Hepatorenal syndrome is defined as severe renal failure occurring in people with cirrhosis and ascites. Systematic reviews of randomised clinical trials found that, compared with placebo, terlipressin may reduce mortality and improve renal function in people with hepatorenal syndrome, but we need current evidence from systematic reviews on the benefits and harms of terlipressin versus other vasoactive drugs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of terlipressin versus other vasoactive drugs for people with hepatorenal syndrome...
September 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
J Perželová, J Jareková, M Kotrbancová, M Špaleková
Leptospiroses are worldwide spread zoonoses caused by hydrophilic bacteria of the genus Leptospira. Humans can be infected by contact with an infected animal or indirectly via staying in a contaminated environment (water, wet soil), in natural foci, while working outdoors, or while doing outdoor sport and leisure activities. Leptospirosis may manifest as a mild flu-like illness or in a severe febrile form (meningitis, pulmonary haemorrhage, hepato-renal syndrome, or myocarditis). Presented are the laboratory diagnostic methods for leptospiroses with their advantages and disadvantages...
2017: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
Kamau Pierre, Naomi Schlesinger, Ioannis P Androulakis
Cortisol dynamics are governed by the integration of influences from the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and metabolic enzymes, such as the 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) family, which are highly expressed in hepatic and renal tissue. The coordinated regulation of cortisol dynamics is essential for the maintenance of a healthy state, and aberrant cortisol circadian rhythms are associated with various pathophysiological conditions. The duration of the light-dark cycle, or photoperiod, which regulates SCN activity, varies seasonally, and the shorter photoperiod winter season is associated with elevated cortisol levels, peak inflammatory disease incidence, and symptom exacerbation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Adel Galal El-Shemi, Osama Adnan Kensara, Aiman Alsaegh, Mohammed Hasan Mukhtar
AIMS: This study is aimed at evaluating the antidiabetic effects of thymoquinone (TQ) on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats, and exploring the possible underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in adult male Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of freshly prepared STZ (65 mg/kg). After disease induction, 42 rats were equally assigned to: controls, STZ-diabetic group, and STZ-diabetic group treated with oral TQ (35 mg/kg/day) for 5 weeks...
September 20, 2017: Pharmacology
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