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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917490/ethnic-disparities-in-school-based-behavioral-health-service-use-for-children-with-psychiatric-disorders
#1
Jill Locke, Christina D Kang-Yi, Melanie Pellecchia, Steven Marcus, Trevor Hadley, David S Mandell
BACKGROUND: We examined racial/ethnic disparities in school-based behavioral health service use for children with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Medicaid claims data were used to compare the behavioral healthcare service use of 23,601 children aged 5-17 years by psychiatric disorder (autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], conduct/oppositional defiant disorder, and "other") and by race/ethnicity (African-American, Hispanic, white, and other). Logistic and generalized linear regression analyses were used...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788777/test-for-association-of-common-variants-in-grm7-with-alcohol-consumption
#2
Whitney E Melroy-Greif, Csaba Vadasz, Helen M Kamens, Matthew B McQueen, Robin P Corley, Michael C Stallings, Christian J Hopfer, Kenneth S Krauter, Sandra A Brown, John K Hewitt, Marissa A Ehringer
Recent work using a mouse model has identified the glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 (Grm7) gene as a strong candidate gene for alcohol consumption. Although there has been some work examining the effect of human glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 (GRM7) polymorphisms on human substance use disorders, the majority of the work has focused on other psychiatric disorders such as ADHD, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, and autism spectrum disorders. The current study aimed to evaluate evidence for association between GRM7 and alcohol behaviors in humans using a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) approach, as well as a gene-based approach...
September 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627912/autism-spectrum-disorder-reporting-in-lower-socioeconomic-neighborhoods
#3
Aisha S Dickerson, Mohammad H Rahbar, Deborah A Pearson, Russell S Kirby, Amanda V Bakian, Deborah A Bilder, Rebecca A Harrington, Sydney Pettygrove, Walter M Zahorodny, Lemuel A Moyé, Maureen Durkin, Martha Slay Wingate
Utilizing surveillance data from five sites participating in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, we investigated contributions of surveillance subject and census tract population sociodemographic characteristics on variation in autism spectrum disorder ascertainment and prevalence estimates from 2000 to 2008 using ordinal hierarchical models for 2489 tracts. Multivariable analyses showed a significant increase in ascertainment of autism spectrum disorder cases through both school and health sources, the optimal ascertainment scenario, for cases with college-educated mothers (adjusted odds ratio = 1...
September 14, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606047/quantitative-autistic-trait-measurements-index-background-genetic-risk-for-asd-in-hispanic-families
#4
Joshua Page, John Nicholas Constantino, Katherine Zambrana, Eden Martin, Ilker Tunc, Yi Zhang, Anna Abbacchi, Daniel Messinger
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that quantitative autistic traits (QATs) of parents reflect inherited liabilities that may index background genetic risk for clinical autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their offspring. Moreover, preferential mating for QATs has been observed as a potential factor in concentrating autistic liabilities in some families across generations. Heretofore, intergenerational studies of QATs have focused almost exclusively on Caucasian populations-the present study explored these phenomena in a well-characterized Hispanic population...
2016: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574527/associations-between-polygenic-risk-for-psychiatric-disorders-and-substance-involvement
#5
Caitlin E Carey, Arpana Agrawal, Kathleen K Bucholz, Sarah M Hartz, Michael T Lynskey, Elliot C Nelson, Laura J Bierut, Ryan Bogdan
Despite evidence of substantial comorbidity between psychiatric disorders and substance involvement, the extent to which common genetic factors contribute to their co-occurrence remains understudied. In the current study, we tested for associations between polygenic risk for psychiatric disorders and substance involvement (i.e., ranging from ever-use to severe dependence) among 2573 non-Hispanic European-American participants from the Study of Addiction: Genetics and Environment. Polygenic risk scores (PRS) for cross-disorder psychopathology (CROSS) were generated based on the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium's Cross-Disorder meta-analysis and then tested for associations with a factor representing general liability to alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, nicotine, and opioid involvement (GENSUB)...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429355/management-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-by-developmental-behavioral-pediatricians-a-dbpnet-study
#6
Elizabeth Harstad, Nathan Blum, Amy Gahman, Justine Shults, Eugenia Chan, William Barbaresi
OBJECTIVE: To describe practice patterns for developmental-behavioral pediatricians (DBPs) practicing within Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Research Network (DBPNet) academic medical centers providing follow-up for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and determine how well they adhere to American Academy of Pediatrics ADHD Clinical Practice Guidelines. METHODS: Seventy-eight DBPs at 12 academic medical centers participating in the DBPNet were asked to complete follow-up encounter surveys for patients with ADHD or autism spectrum disorder seen from 12/2011 through 6/2012...
September 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218268/spillover-of-marital-interactions-and-parenting-stress-in-families-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Sigan L Hartley, Lauren M Papp, Daniel Bolt
Few disorders appear to be more challenging for parents than autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Little is known about the extent to which parenting stress experienced by parents of children with ASD affects or is affected by marital quality. We examined daily spillover between level of parenting stress and marital interactions in a sample of 176 married couples (89.4% Caucasian, non-Hispanic) who have a child with ASD (5-12 years of age, 85% male) via a 14-day daily diary approach. On each day of the daily diary, parents individually reported on 8 positive and 8 negative marital interactions and their level of parenting stress...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135836/hispanic-immigrant-mothers-of-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-how-do-they-understand-and-cope-with-autism
#8
Elizabeth Ijalba
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand the experiences of raising a child with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in a group of Hispanic immigrant mothers. The following 3 aspects were explored: (a) the families' social environments, (b) cultural beliefs on development and autism, and (c) perceptions of bilingualism influencing language choices. METHOD: In-depth 3-part phenomenological interviews and thematic analyses were conducted with 22 Hispanic immigrant mothers of preschool children with ASD...
May 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106569/autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-prevalence-in-somali-and-non-somali-children
#9
Amy Hewitt, Jennifer Hall-Lande, Kristin Hamre, Amy N Esler, Judy Punyko, Joe Reichle, Anab A Gulaid
The current study presents results from an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) public health surveillance project conducted in Minneapolis. The study was designed to compare ASD prevalence in Somali children (ages 7-9) to that of non-Somali children. The study adapted methodology used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. Results indicated that Somali (1 in 32) and White (1 in 36) children were about equally likely to be identified with ASD, but more likely to be identified with ASD than Black and Hispanic children...
August 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031587/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-aged-8-years-autism-and-developmental-disabilities-monitoring-network-11-sites-united-states-2012
#10
Deborah L Christensen, Jon Baio, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Deborah Bilder, Jane Charles, John N Constantino, Julie Daniels, Maureen S Durkin, Robert T Fitzgerald, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Li-Ching Lee, Sydney Pettygrove, Cordelia Robinson, Eldon Schulz, Chris Wells, Martha S Wingate, Walter Zahorodny, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PERIOD COVERED: 2012. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence and characteristics of ASD among children aged 8 years whose parents or guardians reside in 11 ADDM Network sites in the United States (Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Utah, and Wisconsin)...
April 1, 2016: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017210/the-relationship-between-optimism-coping-and-depressive-symptoms-in-hispanic-mothers-and-fathers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Kelcie Willis, Lisa Timmons, Megan Pruitt, Hoa Lam Schneider, Michael Alessandri, Naomi V Ekas
This study examined gender differences in the relationship between dispositional optimism, coping, and depressive symptoms of Hispanic mothers (n = 46) and fathers (n = 43) of children with autism spectrum disorder. Coping was hypothesized to mediate the relationship between optimism and depressive symptoms. The results revealed that mothers reported greater depressive symptoms and greater use of positive and support coping than fathers; however, both mothers and fathers reported similar levels of optimism and use of avoidant coping...
July 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015098/spending-by-california-s-department-of-developmental-services-for-persons-with-autism-across-demographic-and-expenditure-categories
#12
J Paul Leigh, Scott D Grosse, Diana Cassady, Joy Melnikow, Irva Hertz-Picciotto
BACKGROUND: Few autism spectrum disorder (ASD) studies have estimated non-medical costs for treatment or addressed possible differences in provision of services across gender, race-ethnic, age or demographic or expenditure categories, especially among adults. METHODS: The California Department of Developmental Services (CDDS) provides services to residents with developmental disabilities. CDDS provided aggregate data on primarily non-medical spending for fiscal year 2012-2013 for persons with ASD with or without intellectual disability (ID) (main sample, n = 42,274), and two sub-samples: ASD only (n = 30,164), and ASD+ID (n = 12,110)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26969159/factors-that-influence-autism-knowledge-in-hispanic-cultures-a-pilot-study
#13
Alison M Colbert, Jo Webber, Reiko Graham
Although the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is rising, Hispanic children are diagnosed at a disproportionately lower rate compared to other ethnic and racial groups. Lack of ASD knowledge in the Hispanic community may contribute to this disparity. The study objective was to determine whether sociocultural and environmental factors linked to ASD diagnostic disparities were related to Hispanic parents' ASD knowledge. A 60-item survey assessing demographic information, acculturation, religiosity, social support, and ASD knowledge was administered to 64 Hispanic patients (84 % female; 76 % uninsured; 82 % Catholic) visiting a southwest clinic...
March 11, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917104/demographic-profile-of-families-and-children-in-the-study-to-explore-early-development-seed-case-control-study-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Carolyn G DiGuiseppi, Julie L Daniels, Daniele M Fallin, Steven A Rosenberg, Laura A Schieve, Kathleen C Thomas, Gayle C Windham, Cynthia W Goss, Gnakub N Soke, Dustin W Currie, Alison B Singer, Li-Ching Lee, Pilar Bernal, Lisa A Croen, Lisa A Miller, Jennifer A Pinto-Martin, Lisa M Young, Diana E Schendel
BACKGROUND: The Study to Explore Early Development (SEED) is designed to enhance knowledge of autism spectrum disorder characteristics and etiologies. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the demographic profile of enrolled families and examines sociodemographic differences between children with autism spectrum disorder and children with other developmental problems or who are typically developing. METHODS: This multi-site case-control study used health, education, and birth certificate records to identify and enroll children aged 2-5 years into one of three groups: 1) cases (children with autism spectrum disorder), 2) developmental delay or disorder controls, or 3) general population controls...
July 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908473/differences-in-perceived-need-for-medical-therapeutic-and-family-support-services-among-children-with-asd
#15
Teal W Benevides, Henry J Carretta, David S Mandell
OBJECTIVE: Identifying racial and ethnic differences in perceived need for treatment among families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) will improve understanding of disparities in care seeking. We described racial and ethnic differences in perceived need for services that children with ASD and their families frequently use. METHODS: We conducted bivariate analyses of racial and ethnic categories and perceived need for 6 common services used by children with ASD as found in the 2005 to 2006 (n = 2123) and the 2009 to 2010 (n = 3055) National Survey of Children With Special Health Care Needs data sets...
February 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890560/impact-of-autism-navigator-on-access-to-services
#16
Beth Mishkind Roth, Shanna Kralovic, Nancy J Roizen, Sarah Cain Spannagel, Nori Minich, Julie Knapp
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether access to an Autism Patient Navigator (APN) for children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at <48 months of age would be useful and lead to more appointments with needed services. METHOD: Participants included parents of 39 children diagnosed with ASD in a multidisciplinary clinic. After diagnosis, the patients were randomized to 4 groups: Medicaid early (n = 9) or late support (n = 9) and non-Medicaid early (n = 11) or late support (n = 10)...
April 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26700165/fathers-experience-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-nursing-implications
#17
Linda Frye
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a lifelong condition characterized by very mild symptoms to severe impairments in communication skills, social interactions, and unusual behaviors that interfere with independent functioning and interactions with others. ASD may cause financial, social, and emotional difficulties that negatively affect the entire family. The main focus of current research in caregivers of children with ASD focuses on the mothers rather than fathers or both parents, and no studies have used the fathers' words to describe their experience with ASD...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26651088/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-4-year-old-children-in-the-autism-and-developmental-disabilities-monitoring-network
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Deborah L Christensen, Deborah A Bilder, Walter Zahorodny, Sydney Pettygrove, Maureen S Durkin, Robert T Fitzgerald, Catherine Rice, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Jon Baio, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp
OBJECTIVE: Early identification of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) facilitates timely access to intervention services. Yet, few population-based data exist on ASD identification among preschool-aged children. The authors aimed to describe ASD prevalence and characteristics among 4-year-old children in 5 of 11 sites participating in the 2010 Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. METHOD: Children with ASD were identified through screening of health and education records for ASD indicators, data abstraction and compilation for each child, and clinician review of records...
January 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557975/the-autism-inpatient-collection-methods-and-preliminary-sample-description
#19
Matthew Siegel, Kahsi A Smith, Carla Mazefsky, Robin L Gabriels, Craig Erickson, Desmond Kaplan, Eric M Morrow, Logan Wink, Susan L Santangelo
BACKGROUND: Individuals severely affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including those with intellectual disability, expressive language impairment, and/or self-injurious behavior (SIB), are underrepresented in the ASD literature and extant collections of phenotypic and biological data. An understanding of ASD's etiology and subtypes can only be as complete as the studied samples are representative. METHODS: The Autism Inpatient Collection (AIC) is a multi-site study enrolling children and adolescents with ASD aged 4-20 years admitted to six specialized inpatient psychiatry units...
2015: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26541950/acetylcysteine-for-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms
#20
Danielle Stutzman, Julie Dopheide
PURPOSE: Successful use of acetylcysteine to control irritability and aggressive behaviors in a hospitalized adolescent patient with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is described. SUMMARY: A 17-year-old Hispanic male with ASD and intellectual disability was hospitalized for inpatient psychiatric treatment due to impulsive and violent behavior. Despite receiving various medications in the initial weeks of hospitalization, including intramuscular lorazepam and diphenhydramine injections (four days a week on average), the patient continued to exhibit aggressive and unpredictable behaviors...
November 15, 2015: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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