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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211645/disability-and-inclusive-education-in-an-italian-region-analysis-of-the-data-for-the-school-year-2012-2013
#1
Evamaria Lanzarini, Antonia Parmeggiani
BACKGROUND: In Italy, pupils with disabilities enroll in mainstream schools and attend the ordinary classes at all educational levels. For the past twelve years, the Region Emilia Romagna has witnessed an increase in the number of children who are in need of special support. The aim of the study was to identify the causes of disability in children attending public schools during the school year 2012-2013. METHODS: The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197115/application-and-evaluation-of-an-expert-judgment-elicitation-procedure-for-correlations
#2
Mariëlle Zondervan-Zwijnenburg, Wenneke van de Schoot-Hubeek, Kimberley Lek, Herbert Hoijtink, Rens van de Schoot
The purpose of the current study was to apply and evaluate a procedure to elicit expert judgments about correlations, and to update this information with empirical data. The result is a face-to-face group elicitation procedure with as its central element a trial roulette question that elicits experts' judgments expressed as distributions. During the elicitation procedure, a concordance probability question was used to provide feedback to the experts on their judgments. We evaluated the elicitation procedure in terms of validity and reliability by means of an application with a small sample of experts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141716/apraxia-autism-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-do-we-have-a-new-spectrum
#3
Jayna Schumacher, Kristine E Strand, Marilyn Augustyn
Gio is a bilingual 6-year 10-month-old boy new to your practice who presents for an unscheduled visit with concerns for speech and language delay. He was born in Portugal, and his native language is Portuguese. When he was 21 months old, his family moved to Italy and then moved to the United States 3 years later. He had very little contact with other children while living in Italy, but his parents report that he has made friends quickly in the United States. His family speaks Portuguese at home, although his father is fluent in English...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132123/life-skills-training-for-middle-and-high-school-students-with-autism
#4
Hsu-Min Chiang, Xinyu Ni, Young-Sun Lee
This study investigated the extent to which life skills training was offered to middle and high school students with autism and life skills training needs after high school. A secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Training Study-2 (NLTS-2) data was conducted in this study. This study found that the majority of the middle and high school students with autism (77.4%) had received life skills training in school. Receipt of life skills training differed across students' gender, age, diagnosis of intellectual disability, and functional mental skills...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114681/assessment-with-children-who-need-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-aac-clinical-decisions-of-aac-specialists
#5
Shelley K Lund, Wendy Quach, Kristy Weissling, Miechelle McKelvey, Aimee Dietz
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who are augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) specialists approach the assessment process for 2 case studies, 1 child with cerebral palsy and 1 with autism spectrum disorder. The aim of the study was to answer the following questions: (a) How do clinicians with expertise approach the AAC assessment process for children with developmental disabilities? (b) Can any initial hypothesis be drawn about how SLPs approach the assessment of children with motor versus social interactive deficits? Method: This study used a phenomenological qualitative design...
January 1, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074354/parent-reported-developmental-regression-in-autism-epilepsy-iq-schizophrenia-spectrum-symptoms-and-special-education
#6
Kenneth D Gadow, Greg Perlman, Rebecca J Weber
Examined the psychiatric and clinical correlates of loss of previously acquired skills (regression) as reported by parents of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Study sample comprised 6- to 18-year old (N = 213) children and adolescents with ASD. Parents reported regression in 77 (36%) youth. A more homogeneous subgroup with regression between 18 and 36 months (n = 48) had higher rates of intellectual disability, epilepsy, and special education, more socially restrictive educational settings, and more severe ASD communication deficits and schizophrenia spectrum symptoms than non-regressed youth (n = 136)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999683/a-preliminary-investigation-of-a-specialized-music-therapy-model-for-children-with-disabilities-delivered-in-a-classroom-setting
#7
Jenna Mendelson, Yasmine White, Laura Hans, Richard Adebari, Lorrie Schmid, Jan Riggsbee, Ali Goldsmith, Burcu Ozler, Kristen Buehne, Sarah Jones, Jennifer Shapleton, Geraldine Dawson
Music therapy is gaining popularity as an intervention strategy for children with developmental disabilities, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study was a pilot investigation of a classroom-based music-based intervention, Voices Together®, for improving communication skills in children with ASD and children with intellectual disabilities. Four local public elementary school special education classrooms, serving 5 children with a classification of autistic disorder and 32 children with intellectual disability without autism, were randomly selected to receive one of two levels of exposure to Voices Together music therapy: "long-term" (15 weeks beginning in January 2015 (Time 1), n = 14) or "short-term" (7 weeks beginning 7 weeks later in February (Time 2), n = 17)...
2016: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929316/assessing-understanding-and-supporting-students-with-autism-at-school-contemporary-science-practice-and-policy
#8
Janine P Stichter, T Chris Riley-Tillman, Shane R Jimerson
Over the past 3 decades, there has been an unprecedented increase in students identified as eligible for special education as a result of students meeting criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The increasing number of students with ASD in the schools presents significant challenges to teachers, school psychologists, and other school professionals working with this population. Although there is considerable research addressing assessment, identification, and support services for children with ASD, there is a need for further research focused on these topics within the school context...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911014/the-effectiveness-of-an-outdoor-adventure-programme-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-controlled-study
#9
Ditza A Zachor, Shira Vardi, Shani Baron-Eitan, Inbal Brodai-Meir, Noa Ginossar, Esther Ben-Itzchak
AIM: Outdoor adventure programmes aim to improve interpersonal relationships using adventurous activities. The current study examined the effectiveness of an outdoor adventure programme in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHOD: The study included 51 participants (40 males, 11 females; age 3y 4mo-7y 4mo) enrolled in ASD special education kindergartens. Only the intervention group (n=30) participated in the outdoor adventure programme for 13 weeks, completing challenging physical activities that required cooperation and communication with peers and instructors...
December 2, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842974/-a-longitudinal-3%C3%A2-years-study-of-the-development-of-four-children-with-autism-without-mental-retardation-after-90%C3%A2-sessions-of-social-skills-training
#10
M Liratni, C Blanchet, R Pry
INTRODUCTION: Few studies on social skills training essentially based on ABA techniques are dedicated to children with autism aged 5 to 10 years whereas autistic disorders can be diagnosed in very early childhood. Generally, the main criticisms about these social skills training are: shortness of programs (around 20 sessions), no manual with precise descriptions of sessions and used techniques, and a lack of generalization of the learned skills in everyday life. OBJECTIVES: To describe the evolution (before/after) of symptoms and sociocommunicative skills of 7 children with autism and no mental retardation (mean age=7...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793129/a-hybrid-concept-analysis-of-children-of-concern-japanese-healthcare-professionals-views-of-children-at-a-high-risk-of-developmental-disability
#11
Ayako Ide-Okochi, Etsuko Tadaka
BACKGROUND: The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition, DSM-5) redefined the boundaries of autism as a spectrum. It has been reported that the number of schoolchildren with undiagnosed developmental disorders (DDs) has risen in Japan. Such children referred to as kininaru-kodomo (KK, "children of concern") by healthcare professionals fall into a gray area. Therefore, KK are often overlooked at infant medical checkups. This leaves KK without necessary medical care and special needs education...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782753/effects-of-heterogeneous-risk-factors-on-psychological-distress-in-adolescents-with-autism-and-victimization-experiences-in-taiwan
#12
Yu-Lung Chiu, Senyeong Kao, Shao-Wen Tou, Fu-Gong Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of various types of bullying victimization among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and examine the effects of victimization on the mental health of adolescents with ASD. METHODS: The sample was collected from the Special Needs Education Longitudinal Study (SNELS) database released in 2011. Variables comprising seven psychological distress (PD) items and four types of bullying victimization and family-, school-, and peer-related factors were included in a multivariate regression analysis...
October 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627912/autism-spectrum-disorder-reporting-in-lower-socioeconomic-neighborhoods
#13
Aisha S Dickerson, Mohammad H Rahbar, Deborah A Pearson, Russell S Kirby, Amanda V Bakian, Deborah A Bilder, Rebecca A Harrington, Sydney Pettygrove, Walter M Zahorodny, Lemuel A Moyé, Maureen Durkin, Martha Slay Wingate
Utilizing surveillance data from five sites participating in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, we investigated contributions of surveillance subject and census tract population sociodemographic characteristics on variation in autism spectrum disorder ascertainment and prevalence estimates from 2000 to 2008 using ordinal hierarchical models for 2489 tracts. Multivariable analyses showed a significant increase in ascertainment of autism spectrum disorder cases through both school and health sources, the optimal ascertainment scenario, for cases with college-educated mothers (adjusted odds ratio = 1...
September 14, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623118/-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-evaluation-of-perceived-stress-parents-and-professionals-study-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-a-french-adaptation-of-the-appraisal-of-life-event-scale-ales-vf
#14
É Cappe, N Poirier, É Boujut, N Nader-Grosbois, C Dionne, A Boulard
INTRODUCTION: Autism and related disorders are grouped into the category of « Autism Spectrum Disorder » (ASD) in the DSM-5. This appellation reflects the idea of a dimensional representation of autism that combines symptoms and characteristics that vary in severity and intensity. Despite common characteristics, there are varying degrees in intensity and in the onset of symptoms, ranging from a disability that can be very heavy with a total lack of communication and major disorders associated with the existence of a relative autonomy associated, sometimes, with extraordinary intellectual abilities...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590663/reducing-behavior-problems-among-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-coaching-teachers-in-a-mixed-reality-setting
#15
Elise T Pas, Stacy R Johnson, Kristine E Larson, Linda Brandenburg, Robin Church, Catherine P Bradshaw
Most approaches aiming to reduce behavior problems among youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) focus on individual students; however, school personnel also need professional development to better support students. This study targeted teachers' skill development to promote positive outcomes for students with ASD. The sample included 19 teachers in two non-public special education settings serving students with moderate to severe ASD. Participating teachers received professional development and coaching in classroom management, with guided practice in a mixed-reality simulator...
December 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478971/factors-influencing-the-inclusion-of-oral-health-education-in-individualized-education-plans-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-singapore
#16
Huei Jinn Tong, Hei Yi Lee, Ying Ting Lee, Yuxuan Low, Cassandra Ruiqi Lim, Rahul Nair
BACKGROUND: Prevention of oral diseases in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is possible via incorporation of oral health education (OHE) into individualized education plans. OBJECTIVES: To assess (i) whether training can improve teachers' oral heath knowledge, (ii) whether OHE is taught to children with ASD, and (iii) factors associated with teachers' perceived barriers to the implementation of OHE. DESIGN: Teachers working in special schools were recruited...
August 1, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475418/brief-report-dsm-5-sensory-behaviours-in-children-with-and-without-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Dido Green, Susie Chandler, Tony Charman, Emily Simonoff, Gillian Baird
Atypical responses to sensory stimuli are a new criterion in DSM-5 for the diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but are also reported in other developmental disorders. Using the Short Sensory profile (SSP) and Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised we compared atypical sensory behaviour (hyper- or hypo-reactivity to sensory input or unusual sensory interests) in children aged 10-14 years with (N = 116) or without an ASD but with special educational needs (SEN; N = 72). Atypical sensory behaviour was reported in 92 % of ASD and 67 % of SEN children...
November 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461977/bilingualism-in-children-with-developmental-disorders-a-narrative-review
#18
Elizabeth Kay-Raining Bird, Fred Genesee, Ludo Verhoeven
Children with developmental disabilities (DD) often need and sometimes opt to become bilingual. The context for bilingual acquisition varies considerably and can impact outcomes. In this first article of the special issue, we review research on the timing and amount of bilingual exposure and outcomes of either direct language intervention or educational placements in three groups of children with DD: Specific Language Impairment (SLI), Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), and Down syndrome (DS). Children with SLI have been studied more than the other two groups...
September 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356007/truths-myths-and-needs-of-special-diets-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-autism-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-and-vegetarianism
#19
Sylvia Cruchet, Yalda Lucero, Verónica Cornejo
Different dietary approaches have been attempted for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism, but only three of them have been subjected to clinical trials: education in healthy nutritional habits, supplementation and elimination diets. On the other hand, for multiple reasons, the number of people who adopt vegetarian and gluten-free diets (GFD) increases daily. More recently, a new entity, non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), with a still evolving definition and clinical spectrum, has been described...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351700/assessing-the-social-skills-and-problem-behaviors-of-adolescents-with-severe-disabilities-enrolled-in-general-education-classes
#20
Gregory L Lyons, Heartley B Huber, Erik W Carter, Rui Chen, Jennifer M Asmus
Although enhancing the social competence of students with severe disabilities has long remained a prominent focus of school-based intervention efforts, relatively little attention has focused on identifying the most critical social and behavioral needs of students during high school. We examined the social skills and problem behaviors of 137 adolescents with severe disabilities from the vantage point of both special educators and parents. We sought to identify areas of potential intervention need, explore factors associated with social skill and problem behavior ratings, and examine the extent to which teachers and parents converged in their assessments of these needs...
July 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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