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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742275/early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-eibi-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd
#1
REVIEW
Brian Reichow, Kara Hume, Erin E Barton, Brian A Boyd
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorders. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment based on the principles of applied behavior analysis. Delivered for multiple years at an intensity of 20 to 40 hours per week, it is one of the more well-established treatments for ASD...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732730/differences-in-teachers-verbal-responsiveness-to-groups-of-children-with-asd-who-vary-in-cognitive-and-language-abilities
#2
X Qian
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine whether verbal responsiveness in special education teachers varied among subgroups of children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 112) who differed in cognitive and language abilities. METHODS: Participants were divided into clusters using cluster analysis based on standardised cognitive and language tests using k-mean clustering. For each child, a 15-min video of free play in school setting was collected. Three types of responsive utterances were coded: follow-in directives for behaviour, follow-in directives for language and follow-in comments...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732645/procedural-sedation-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-survey-of-current-practice-patterns-of-the-society-for-pediatric-sedation-members
#3
Pradip P Kamat, Leah N Bryan, Courtney E McCracken, Harold K Simon, John W Berkenbosch, Jocelyn R Grunwell
BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorder are challenging to sedate because of communication, sensory, and behavioral challenges. AIMS: The aim of this survey was to determine how procedural sedation is provided to children with autism spectrum disorders and whether sedation programs have specialized protocols for procedural sedation of these children. METHODS: We surveyed physician Medical Directors of sedation programs who are members of the Society for Pediatric Sedation, asking about practice characteristics and resource utilization during procedural sedation of children with autism spectrum disorders...
May 6, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707517/-how-deep-are-your-pockets-autoethnographic-reflections-on-the-cost-of-raising-a-child-with-autism
#4
Mary G Clasquin-Johnson, Michel Clasquin-Johnson
Background: In this article, we reflected on our experience of the cost of parenting a child with autism, including our ongoing search for educational and therapeutic intervention. Objectives: We aimed to give an academic insight into the state of autism education and care in South Africa as seen by us, with special attention to its cost and sustainability. Methods: Using evocative autoethnography as storied scholarship together with critical autism studies, we reflected on stories of the past 5 years since our son's diagnosis...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701730/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-aged-8-years-autism-and-developmental-disabilities-monitoring-network-11-sites-united-states-2014
#5
Jon Baio, Lisa Wiggins, Deborah L Christensen, Matthew J Maenner, Julie Daniels, Zachary Warren, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Walter Zahorodny, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Tiffany White, Maureen S Durkin, Pamela Imm, Loizos Nikolaou, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, Li-Ching Lee, Rebecca Harrington, Maya Lopez, Robert T Fitzgerald, Amy Hewitt, Sydney Pettygrove, John N Constantino, Alison Vehorn, Josephine Shenouda, Jennifer Hall-Lande, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Nicole F Dowling
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children aged 8 years whose parents or guardians reside within 11 ADDM sites in the United States (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Wisconsin)...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621899/introduction-to-the-special-issue-interventions-to-reduce-challenging-behavior-among-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Tonya N Davis, Mandy Rispoli
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Challenging behavior may cause harm to the individual with ASD as well as limit opportunities for educational, vocational, and social participation and development. In addition, caregivers experience high stress and low quality of mental health...
May 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607853/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-and-influential-factors-in-children-with-autism
#7
S Onol, Z Kırzıoğlu
Aims: The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze oral health status and influential factors in children with autism living in the Western Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two steps: 1 - questionnaire and 2 - interview. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, within the period from March to July 2016...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551982/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-anxiety-in-a-clinical-dutch-sample-of-children-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Lieke A M W Wijnhoven, Daan H M Creemers, Ad A Vermulst, Isabela Granic
Anxiety is highly prevalent in children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is inconsistency in studies investigating the prevalence and risk factors of anxiety in children with ASD. Therefore, the first aim of this study was to give an overview of the prevalence of anxiety symptoms in a clinical Dutch sample of children with ASD. The second aim was to investigate age, gender, ASD subtype, and IQ as potential risk factors for anxiety in this sample. In total, 172 children with ASD (age, 8-15 years) and their parents participated in this study...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516450/-conduct-disorders-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
A Hervas, I Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders that affect social communication and present stereotypic behaviours. Comorbidity associated to conduct disorders is frequent, starts in infancy and, in general, continues into adulthood. It is sometimes associated with aggressiveness, negativism, self-harm and breaking social norms. It causes a high degree of dysfunctionality in persons with ASD, their family, professionals and those around them, and is the main cause of pharmacological treatment, hospitalisation and special education...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498956/when-a-child-unexpectedly-draws-a-violent-scene
#10
Andy Barnes, Richard Ziegler, Neena McConnico, Martin T Stein
Carter is a 12-year-old boy who has been seeing a developmental-behavioral pediatrician since the age of 7 years for problems with behavioral regulation. Around that time, he began to receive special education services after an educational assessment of autism. He has average intellectual abilities, with below-average semantic-pragmatic speech (e.g., conversations are one-sided). His medical diagnoses included attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), combined presentation, and generalized anxiety disorder...
April 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453711/prevalence-of-dsm-5-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-school-based-children-aged-3-12-years-in-shanghai-china
#11
Zhijuan Jin, You Yang, Shijian Liu, Hong Huang, Xingming Jin
We estimated the prevalence of ASD in a population-based sample comprising children aged 3-12 years (N = 74,252) in Shanghai. This included a high-risk group sampled from special education schools and a low-risk group randomly sampled from general schools. First, we asked parents and then teachers to complete the Social Communication Questionnaire for participating children. Children who screened positive based on both parental and teachers' reports were comprehensively assessed. ASD was identified based on DSM-5 criteria...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389684/the-medical-home-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-essential-element-whose-time-has-come
#12
Carlyn Todorow, James Connell, Renee M Turchi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe the role of the medical home in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A high-quality medical home is essential, given the increase in prevalence of ASD and the array of services, community partners, specialists, therapists, and healthcare team members needed to care for this population. RECENT FINDINGS: Providing care through the medical home model results in fewer unmet needs. Care coordination and integration are the aspects of the medical home currently most lacking...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385847/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-two-app-based-number-lines-to-teach-price-comparison-to-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Pei-Lin Weng, Emily C Bouck
PURPOSE: A number line consisting of Arabic numerals is a commonly used instructional tool for teaching price comparison. However, typical number lines lack concrete visual cues, which may benefit students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have not yet mastered the representation of Arabic numerals. METHOD: This study investigated the effects of additional visual cues (i.e., dots) by comparing two types of app-based number line conditions: number lines with and without dots...
February 1, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374962/introduction-to-the-special-issue-interventions-to-reduce-challenging-behavior-among-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Tonya N Davis, Mandy Rispoli
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Challenging behavior may cause harm to the individual with ASD as well as limit opportunities for educational, vocational, and social participation and development. In addition, caregivers experience high stress and low quality of mental health...
January 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356660/validating-an-administrative-data-based-case-definition-for-identifying-children-and-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-for-surveillance-purposes
#15
Helen Coo, Hélène Ouellette-Kuntz, Marni Brownell, Shahin Shooshtari, Ana Hanlon-Dearman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of administrative health and education data for identifying cases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Manitoba, and to recommend a surveillance case definition. METHODS: Four service providers abstracted information on children who had been clinically diagnosed with ASD ("sensitivity cohort"). That information was linked to Manitoba's administrative health and education data and records were extracted into the study dataset...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310683/exploring-multi-level-system-factors-facilitating-educator-training-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-practices-ebp-a-study-protocol
#16
Aubyn C Stahmer, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Patricia L Schetter, Elizabeth McGee Hassrick
BACKGROUND: This study examines how system-wide (i.e., region, district, and school) mechanisms such as leadership support, training requirements, structure, collaboration, and education affect the use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in schools and how this affects the outcomes for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Despite growing evidence for the positive effects of EBPs for ASD, these practices are not consistently or effectively used in schools. Although special education programs are mandated to use EBPs, there are very few evidence-based methods for selecting, implementing, and sustaining EBPs...
January 8, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262470/-sleep-problems-and-the-association-with-the-levels-of-6-sulfatoxymelatonin-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
P P Han, M Y Zou, X L Yang, X C Liu, S Liang, C H Sun, W Xia, L J Wu
Objective: To identify the prevalence of sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to explore the association with the main melatonin metabolite, 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (6-SM). Method: This was a prospective case-control study. Children with ASD were recruited from Child Development and Behavioral Research Center (CDBRC) of the Harbin Medical University and Harbin Special Education School from October 2015 to April 2017 (ASD group) . Healthy controls were selected from five kindergartens and one primary school in Harbin by the stratified cluster random sampling (control group) ...
December 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248926/comprehension-of-narrow-focus-by-adolescents-in-the-autism-spectrum
#18
Osnat Segal, Dafna Kaplan, Smadar Patael, Liat Kishon-Rabin
OBJECTIVE: The study compared the performance of adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) to that of age-matched peers with typical development (TD) and cognitive language-matched peers with TD on measures of identification and comprehension of "narrow focus." PARTICIPANTS: Forty-nine participants, 17 autistic, 17 TD peers matched for age and sex, and 15 TD children matched for expressive vocabulary participated in the study. METHOD: The Hebrew Narrow Focus Test (HNFT) was used...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242177/implementing-a-mental-health-care-program-and-home-based-training-for-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-an-urban-population-in-bangladesh-protocol-for-a-feasibility-assessment-study
#19
Aliya Naheed, Kamrun Nahar Koly, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Shaheen Akhter, M M Jalal Uddin, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Subhash Chandir, Muzharul Mannan, Saima Hossain, Charles Nelson, Kerim Munir
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reported a higher level of depression than mothers of children with other neurodevelopmental disorders in both developed and developing countries. Mothers are the lifetime caregivers of children with ASD, and a high burden of depression can negatively impact their ability to provide care. However, access to mental health services in primary care is limited, given the scarcity of qualified providers in Bangladesh...
December 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199448/exploring-the-moderating-effects-of-cognitive-abilities-on-social-competence-intervention-outcomes
#20
Janine P Stichter, Melissa J Herzog, Stephen P Kilgus, Alexander M Schoemann
Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the social competence needs of early adolescents (i.e., age 11-14 years) identified as having scholastic potential but experiencing significant social competence deficits. Given the importance of establishing intervention efficacy, the current paper highlights the results from a four-year cluster randomized trial (CRT) to examine the efficacy of SCI-A (n = 146 students) relative to Business As Usual (n = 123 students) school-based programming...
January 2018: Behavior Modification
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