Read by QxMD icon Read

Allergic (pediatric or kids or children)

Roxanne C Oriel, Julie Wang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to describe effective management strategies in nursery or school based upon research findings. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of food allergy and number of emergency department visits for food-related anaphylaxis are increasing in children and adolescents. As there is currently no cure, the most effective strategy to decrease allergic reactions is food allergen avoidance. However, allergic reactions are inevitable in both food allergic children as well as in first-time reactors...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Chih-Fu Wei, Mei-Huei Chen, Ching-Chun Lin, Yueliang Leon Guo, Shio-Jean Lin, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Pau-Chung Chen
BACKGROUND: Air pollution from biomass burning were associated with neurodevelopmental deceleration, but limited studies concerned about the effect of indoor biomass burning. Incense burning is a common household ritual practice in Taiwan, while past studies mainly focused on birth weight and allergic disease. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to find the association between incense burning exposure and children's neurodevelopment. METHODS: In Taiwan Birth Cohort Study (TBCS), a nationwide representative birth cohort study, children were assessed upon home interview with structured questionnaires upon six and eighteen months old...
March 17, 2018: Environment International
Taisuke Kato, Naoya Tajima, Katsumasa Kitamura, Yoshihiro Takasato, Iwao Tajima, Manabu Ono, Kazunori Tagami, Kazunori Sakai, Tomoko Furuta, Shiro Sugiura, Komei Ito
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The principal aim of this study was to clarify the clinical profile of pediatric patients with fruit allergies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We assigned 265 pediatric patients with fruit allergies who were receiving outpatient treatment at Aichi Children's Health and Medical Center and 32 who underwent kiwi or banana oral food chal- lenge (OFC) test to an oral symptom group or a systemic symptom group and retrospectively examined their clinical profiles and prognosis from their medical records...
2018: Arerugī, [Allergy]
Mari Saito, Yutaka Kikuchi, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Wakamichi Shimamura
BACKGROUND: Allergen sensitization differs according to countries and regions. Understanding the characteristics of allergen sensitization in one's own country is useful for the treatment of patients with allergic diseases. Recently, Japanese cedar pollen (JCP) sensitization is increasing in young Japanese children. Therefore, we evaluated allergen sensitization patterns in under 60-month-old Japanese recurrent wheezers using multiple allergen tests. METHODS: Allergen tests for 204 Japanese recurrent wheezers between April 2010 and April 2016 were reviewed...
2018: Arerugī, [Allergy]
F Frati, C Incorvaia, C Cavaliere, G Di Cara, F Marcucci, S Esposito, S Masieri
The skin prick test (SPT) is the most common test for the diagnosis of allergy. SPT is performed by pricking the skin, usually in the volar surface of the forearm, with a lancet through a drop of an allergen extract and is usually the first choice test in the diagnostic workup for allergic diseases because of its reliability, safety, convenience and low cost. SPT is minimally invasive and has the advantage of testing multiple allergens in 15 to 20 min. In children, SPT is far less disturbing than venipuncture and is used to obtain a sample of serum to measure specific IgE through in vitro tests...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Jessie P Buckley, Lesliam Quirós-Alcalá, Susan L Teitelbaum, Antonia M Calafat, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
BACKGROUND: Prenatal environmental phenol and phthalate exposures may alter immune or inflammatory responses leading to respiratory and allergic disease. OBJECTIVES: We estimated associations of prenatal environmental phenol and phthalate biomarkers with respiratory and allergic outcomes among children in the Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Study. METHODS: We quantified urinary biomarkers of benzophenone-3, bisphenol A, paradichlorobenzene (as 2,5-dichlorophenol), triclosan, and 10 phthalate metabolites in third trimester maternal samples and assessed asthma, wheeze, and atopic skin conditions via parent questionnaires at ages 6 and 7 years (n = 164 children with 240 observations)...
March 15, 2018: Environment International
Federica Porcaro, Lucia Caminiti, Giuseppe Crisafulli, Francesco Guglielmo, Giovanni Battista Pajno
Children who are highly sensitive to milk may also have severe allergic reactions after exposure to cow's milk proteins(CMP) through a different administration route than the oral one. We describe the case of a 16-year-old Caucasian boy with a clinical history of persistent cow's milk allergy (CMA), who developed one episode of anaphylaxis following cutaneous application of a bovine colostrum containing cream to a surgical wound. UniCAP testing showed a significant elevation in specific IgE antibodies to whey milk proteins...
March 12, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Meenu Singh, Nandini Paul, Shreya Singh, Gyan Ranjan Nayak
Asthma is an allergic, respiratory disorder characterized by hyper responsiveness of the airway to external stimuli. Considerable research is currently being directed towards understanding the role of environmental and genetic factors contributing to the development of asthma and its severity. Recent years have seen a substantial rise in evidence linking fungi to asthma. Few major clinical conditions associated with fungal sensitization and hypersensitive immune response are Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) and Severe asthma with fungal sensitization (SAFS)...
March 17, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Javier Molina-Infante, Carolina Gutierrez-Junquera, Edoardo Savarino, Roberto Penagini, Ines Modolell, Ottavia Bartolo, Alicia Prieto-García, Aurelio Mauro, Javier Alcedo, Antonia Perelló, Carlos Guarner-Argente, Noelia Alcaide, Ana M Vegas, Patricia Barros-García, Marianette Murzi-Pulgar, Monica Perona, Javier P Gisbert, Alfredo J Lucendo
OBJECTIVES: Rising trends in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) have been repeatedly linked to declining Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, mostly in retrospective studies. We aimed to prospectively evaluate this inverse association. METHODS: Prospective case-control study conducted in 23 centers. Children and adults naïve to eradication therapy for H. pylori were included. Cases were EoE patients, whereas controls were defined by esophageal symptoms and <5 eos/HPF on esophageal biopsies...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Rosy Wells, A T Fox, Mark Furman
Case reports have described an association between oral food/aeroallergen immunotherapy with the development of eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE). The underlying mechanism of this is poorly understood, as is the role that both food/aeroallergen sensitisation plays in the pathogenesis of EoE. Specific immunotherapy has a long-standing history of use in the management of moderate/severe seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR), caused by tree/grass pollens. Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) to grass pollen is less commonly used in children than sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) or oral immunotherapy for practical reasons...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Carol Kelly, James D Chalmers, Iain Crossingham, Nicola Relph, Lambert M Felix, David J Evans, Stephen J Milan, Sally Spencer
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory disease characterised by abnormal and irreversible dilatation and distortion of the smaller airways. Bacterial colonisation of the damaged airways leads to chronic cough and sputum production, often with breathlessness and further structural damage to the airways. Long-term macrolide antibiotic therapy may suppress bacterial infection and reduce inflammation, leading to fewer exacerbations, fewer symptoms, improved lung function, and improved quality of life...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jarkko Mäntylä, Tuuli Thomander, Auli Hakulinen, Kaarina Kukkonen, Kati Palosuo, Helena Voutilainen, Anna Pelkonen, Paula Kauppi
INTRODUCTION: The standard care of severe food allergy in both adults and children means avoidance of allergens. In recent years promising results of oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been reported in children. In adults, information on OIT in severe food allergy is very limited. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study if OIT is possible in adults. METHODS: We report OIT results in 10 adult patients with milk OIT, nine adult patients with peanut OIT, and four adult patients with egg OIT...
March 15, 2018: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
Jessica L Peck, E Katherine Larson, Stacy K Silvers
The prevalence of food allergy has risen dramatically in the last two decades. Primary care providers encounter food-allergic children on a daily basis. Although the standard of care has traditionally been strict avoidance of the allergen and advisement to carry an epinephrine autoinjector in case of an accidental exposure resulting in a severe reaction, food allergy research has progressed in the past decade concerning various immunotherapies that may provide an alternate treatment strategy. Oral immunotherapy (OIT), performed under the supervision of an allergist, is the most widely studied of these therapies...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Chunjiang Lv, Yongsheng Zhang, Lili Shen
BACKGROUND: Resveratrol is a natural, nonflavonoid polyphenol, exerting anti-inflammatory activity. It has been reported that resveratrol, together with carboxymethyl-β-glucan, can reduce nasal symptoms in children with allergic rhinitis (AR). In this study, the effect of resveratrol on nasal symptoms in adults with AR was investigated. METHODS: We conducted a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study. One hundred and fifty-one adults (aged 18-60 years) with severe persistent AR were divided into a placebo-treated group (n = 50), a positive control budesonide-treated group (n = 50), and a resveratrol-treated group (n = 51)...
March 14, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Yunsoo Kim, Ho Ran Park
PURPOSE: This study aimed to construct and test a hypothetical model of the quality of life of school-age children with asthma based on the health-related quality of life model by Wilson and Cleary. METHODS: Data were collected from 205 pairs of pediatric outpatients diagnosed with asthma and their parents in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do from July 2016 to April 2017. The exogenous variables were asthma knowledge, number of accompanying allergic diseases, and social support...
February 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Yrina Rochman, Krista Dienger-Stambaugh, Phoebe K Richgels, Ian P Lewkowich, Andrey V Kartashov, Artem Barski, Gurjit K Khurana Hershey, Warren J Leonard, Harinder Singh
Pathogenic T helper 2 (TH 2) cells, which produce increased amounts of the cytokines interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IL-13, promote allergic disorders, including asthma. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), a cytokine secreted by epithelial and innate immune cells, stimulates such pathogenic TH 2 cell responses. We found that TSLP signaling in mouse CD4+ T cells initiated transcriptional changes associated with TH 2 cell programming. IL-4 signaling amplified and stabilized the genomic response of T cells to TSLP, which increased the frequency of T cells producing IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13...
March 13, 2018: Science Signaling
Sanata Bamba, Adama Zida, Ibrahim Sangaré, Mamoudou Cissé, David W Denning, Christophe Hennequin
Because of the limited access to more powerful diagnostic tools, there is a paucity of data regarding the burden of fungal infections in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and prevalence of serious fungal infections in this sub-Saharan country. We primarily used the national demographic data and performed a PubMed search to retrieve all published papers on fungal infections from Burkina Faso and its surrounding West African countries. Considering the prevalence of HIV infection (0...
March 11, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Shoji Tsuji, Chikushi Suruda, Masaki Hashiyada, Takahisa Kimata, Sohsaku Yamanouchi, Tetsuya Kitao, Jiro Kino, Atsushi Akane, Kazunari Kaneko
BACKGROUND: While the etiology of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (idiopathic nephrotic syndrome [INS]; characterized by repeated relapses and comorbid allergic conditions) remains unknown, recent evidence suggests that dysfunction in regulatory T cells (Tregs) plays an important role in the development of INS as well as allergic diseases. We hypothesized that dysbiosis involving decreased butyric acid-producing gut microbiota leads to defective induction and differentiation of peripherally induced Tregs, resulting in INS relapse...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
Tiago Bittencourt de Oliveira, Everton Andrei Klering, Ana Beatriz Gorini da Veiga
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory infections cause high morbidity and mortality worldwide. This study aims to estimate the relationship between allergic respiratory diseases with the occurrence of recurrent respiratory infection (RRI) in children and adolescents. METHODS: The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire and a questionnaire that provides data on the history of respiratory infections and the use of antibiotics were used to obtain data from patients...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Nafiseh Sadat Mahmoodi, Seyyed Ahmad Reza Okhovat, Seyyed Hamid Reza Abtahi, Amirhossein Moslehi
Background: Nasal corticosteroids are the main drug class for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, and their long-term continuous use can be problematic. The current study aimed to compare the use of Nasaleze and mometasone nasal spray in patients with allergic rhinitis. Materials and Methods: In this study, 64 patients were studied in two groups of 32 patients. Nasaleze was used for the first group and mometasone for the second group for 4 weeks. The severity of sneezing, runny nose, tearing, nasal congestion, itchy eyes, and scratchy throat were evaluated at the onset of the study, and also 14 and 28 days after treatment in the form of a single-blind study...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"