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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165413/-ophthalmoferon-efficacy-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-chronic-blepharoconjunctivitis
#1
L P Prozornaya, V V Brzheskiy
AIM: To study possibilities of using the medication Ophthalmoferon in the treatment of children with chronic allergic and Demodex blepharoconjunctivitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 40 children (80 eyes) aged 3 to 17 years with chronic allergic (group I) and Demodex (group II) blepharoconjunctivitis. Each group was divided into two subgroups ('A' and 'B') respectively based on the treatment regimen used. Subgroup 'A' patients received Ophtalmoferon instillations (four times per day for four weeks) in addition to the standard therapy, whereas subgroup 'B' patients got only basic treatment of blepharoconjunctivitis...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164823/immunoglobulin-g-structure-and-functional-implications-of-different-subclass-modifications-in-initiation-and-resolution-of-allergy
#2
REVIEW
Timothy H Scott-Taylor, Stefan-Claudiu Axinia, Sumeya Amin, Ruth Pettengell
IgE and not IgG is usually associated with allergy. IgE lodged on mast cells in skin or gut and basophils in the blood allows for the prolonged duration of allergy through the persistent expression of high affinity IgE receptors. However, many allergic reactions are not dependent on IgE and are generated in the absence of allergen specific and even total IgE. Instead, IgG plasma cells are involved in induction of, and for much of the pathogenesis of, allergic diseases. The pattern of IgG producing plasma cells in atopic children and the tendency for direct or further class switching to IgE are the principle factors responsible for long-lasting sensitization of mast cells in allergic children...
November 21, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163536/drug-hypersensitivity-and-anaphylaxis-in-cancer-and-chronic-inflammatory-diseases-the-role-of-desensitizations
#3
REVIEW
Mariana Castells
Drug allergy is a rising problem in the twenty-first century which affects all populations and races, children, and adults, and for which the recognition, diagnosis, management, and treatment is still not well standardized. Classical and new chemotherapy drugs, monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs), and small molecules to treat cancer and chronic inflammatory diseases are aimed at improving quality of life and life expectancy of patients, but an increasing number of reactions including anaphylaxis precludes their use in targeted populations...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161054/great-flood-and-aeroallergen-sensitization-in-children-with-asthma-and-or-allergic-rhinitis
#4
Nualanong Visitsunthorn, Wanwipa Chaimongkol, Kittipos Visitsunthorn, Punchama Pacharn, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk
BACKGROUND: Flooding may affect aeroallergen sensitization. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate aeroallergen sensitization in children with asthma and/or allergic rhinitis (AR) by skin prick test (SPT) before and after the great flood of 2011 in Bangkok, Thailand. METHODS: The study was performed retrospectively in asthma and/or AR children (aged 0-18 years) in Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand from 2009 to 2013. All of the cases received SPT with common aeroallergens...
November 22, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159184/acute-asthma-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-infections-are-the-main-triggers-of-exacerbations
#5
Arianna Dondi, Elisabetta Calamelli, Valentina Piccinno, Giampaolo Ricci, Ilaria Corsini, Carlotta Biagi, Marcello Lanari
Background: Asthma exacerbations are a common reason for Emergency Department (ED) visits in children. Aim: To analyze differences among age groups in terms of triggering factors and seasonality and to identify those with higher risk of severe exacerbations. Methods: We retrospectively revised the files of children admitted for acute asthma in 2016 in our Pediatric ED. Results: Visits for acute asthma were 603/23197 (2...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158870/who-has-anaphylaxis-in-brazil-validation-of-a-questionnaire-for-population-studies
#6
Elaine Gagete, Lucilene Delazari Dos Santos, Leticia Gomes de Pontes, Fábio Morato Castro
Background: The incidence of anaphylaxis is increasing in several parts of the world; thus, determining the prevalence of the disease in a given region is important to understand the factors involved and to promote measures to avoid this type of allergic reaction. Aiming this objective, we validated an instrument for a population-basedstudy that assesses the prevalence of anaphylaxis in the Brazilian population. Methods: A questionnaire was generated in two variants - one for subjects seven years old or above (Group A) and another for children who were up to six years, 11 months and 29 days (Group B)...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157860/advances-in-rhinitis-models-and-mechanisms
#7
REVIEW
Anne K Ellis, Mark W Tenn
OBJECTIVE: To summarize studies highlighting recent advances in rhinitis-related research in the past 2 years. DATA SOURCES: Original research articles were procured and examined from the Rhinitis and Upper Airway Disease section of the 2015 to 2017 Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology issues. Additional original research articles were identified from PubMed and Google Scholar using the following search terms: allergic rhinitis, rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis, environmental exposure unit, and nasal allergen challenge...
November 18, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155807/a-synbiotic-containing-amino-acid-based-formula-improves-gut-microbiota-in-non-ige-mediated-allergic-infants
#8
David C A Candy, Marleen T J Van Ampting, Manon M Oude Nijhuis, Harm Wopereis, Assad M Butt, Diego G Peroni, Yvan Vandenplas, Adam T Fox, Neil Shah, Christina E West, Johan Garssen, Lucien F Harthoorn, Jan Knol, Louise J Michaelis
BACKGROUND: Prebiotics and probiotics (synbiotics) can modify gut microbiota and have potential in allergy management when combined with amino acid-based formula (AAF) for infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA). METHODS: This multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of an AAF including synbiotic blend on percentages of bifidobacteria and Eubacterium rectale/Clostridium coccoides group (ER/CC) in feces from infants with suspected non-IgE-mediated CMA...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154959/early-life-innate-immune-signatures-of-persistent-food-allergy
#9
Melanie R Neeland, Jennifer J Koplin, Thanh D Dang, Shyamali C Dharmage, Mimi L Tang, Susan L Prescott, Richard Saffery, David J Martino, Katrina J Allen
BACKGROUND: Food allergy naturally resolves in a proportion of food allergic children without intervention, however the underlying mechanisms governing the persistence or resolution of food allergy in childhood are not understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to define the innate immune profiles associated with egg allergy at one year of age, determine the phenotypic changes that occur with the development of natural tolerance in childhood and explore the relationship between early life innate immune function and serum vitamin D...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153857/predicting-the-atopic-march-results-from-the-canadian-healthy-infant-longitudinal-development-study
#10
Maxwell M Tran, Diana L Lefebvre, Christoffer Dharma, David Dai, Wendy Y W Lou, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears
BACKGROUND: The atopic march describes the progression from atopic dermatitis during infancy to asthma and allergic rhinitis in later childhood. In a Canadian birth cohort we investigated whether concomitant allergic sensitization enhances subsequent development of these allergic diseases at age 3 years. METHODS: Children completed skin prick testing at age 1 year. Children were considered sensitized if they produced a wheal 2 mm or larger than that elicited by the negative control to any of 10 inhalant or food allergens...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153708/pathophysiology-of-il-33-and-il-17-in-allergic-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Rinkesh Kumar Gupta, Kriti Gupta, Premendra D Dwivedi
Allergic diseases are among common clinical conditions, affecting millions of children and adults throughout the world. Food allergies, skin allergies (atopic dermatitis), and respiratory allergies (allergic rhinitis and asthma) are the common types of allergies. Recently discovered cytokines IL-17 and IL-33 have been found to play an important role in the pathogenicity of various hypersensitive disorders. After exposure to allergens or infection with parasites or viruses, IL-17 and IL-33 producing cells, such as Th17 and specialized epithelial cells respectively, become activated and trigger the pathogenic immune responses in different susceptible conditions...
November 11, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151834/late-introduction-of-fish-and-eggs-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-allergy-development-results-from-the-farmflora-birth-cohort
#12
K Jonsson, M Barman, H K Brekke, B Hesselmar, S Johansen, A-S Sandberg, A E Wold
The prevalence of allergy is markedly low in children growing up on farms. An increasing number of studies indicate that the timing of food introduction may affect allergy development. We aimed to investigate if protection against allergy in farm environments may be mediated through differences in food-introduction practices between farm and non-farm families, using an explorative approach. Twenty-eight farm and 37 non-farm children were included in the FARMFLORA birth cohort. Practices of breastfeeding and introduction of formulas and complementary foods were collected by questionnaires at 6, 12, and 18 months of age...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150715/interleukin-33-promotes-helper-t-cell-type-2-17-inflammation-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#13
Yuanming Wang, Chuling Li, Xianglin Luo, Deyu Xu, Yaxiong Xu, Guanquan Li, Fang Liao, Shujuan Tan
OBJECTIVES: Interleukin-33 is a recently described cytokine which involved in helper T cell type-2 (Th2) mediated diseases. However, its regulatory effect in the pathogenesis of children allergic rhinitis (AR) needs to be further characterized. This study aims to evaluate the expression and role of IL-33 in children with AR. METHODS: Forty children with AR and twenty normal controls were included. IL-33 and Th cytokine production in serum and nasal lavage was examined by immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150106/reactions-related-to-asparaginase-infusion-in-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort
#14
Amanda Cabral Dos Santos, Marcelo Gerardin Poirot Land, Nathalia Peroni da Silva, Kelly Oliveira Santos, Elisangela da Costa Lima-Dellamora
INTRODUCTION: Although it is an essential component of the treatment of acute lymphoid leukemia in children, asparaginase causes adverse reactions that sometimes make it impossible to use it fully. Hypersensitivity reactions are the most frequent and may lead to early discontinuation of treatment. The present study aimed to investigate suspicions of adverse reactions during the infusion of asparaginase in a pediatric cohort. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out at a university pediatric institute in the state of Rio de Janeiro...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150075/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-food-allergic-reactions-in-pediatric-emergency-settings
#15
Christopher Brooks, Alexa Coffman, Elizabeth Erwin, Irene Mikhail
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150070/decreased-expression-of-indolamine-2-3-dioxygenase-in-childhood-allergic-asthma-and-its-inverse-correlation-with-fractional-concentration-of-exhaled-nitric-oxide
#16
Ying Hu, Zhiqiang Chen, Ling Jin, Mei Wang, Wei Liao
BACKGROUND: The tryptophan metabolic pathway mediated by indolamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), a tryptophan-degrading enzyme, plays an important role in controlling the development of allergic inflammation. The fractional concentration of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is closely associated with the allergic state and is extensively used for the clinical evaluation of airway allergic inflammation. Clinical trials have rarely assessed the expression of IDO in childhood allergic asthma and its correlation with FeNO...
November 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149860/anaphylactic-shock-with-methylprednisolone-sodium-succinate-in-a-child-with-short-bowel-syndrome-and-cow-s-milk-allergy
#17
Federica Porcaro, Maria Giovanna Paglietti, Antonella Diamanti, Francesca Petreschi, Alessandra Schiavino, Valentina Negro, Valentina Pecora, Alessandro Fiocchi, Renato Cutrera
BACKGROUND: Medications with methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate containing lactose, which potentially contains traces of cow's milk proteins (CMP), could cause allergic reactions or compromise treatment of acute allergic reactions in sensitized patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the unusual case of a one-year-old child affected by short bowel syndrome and history of severe cow's milk allergy (CMA) and anaphylactic reaction due to intravenous administration of methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate (Solu-Medrol 40 mg, Pfizer)...
November 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148124/the-safety-of-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-in-children-and-adolescents-2-through-17%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-vaccine-safety-datalink-study
#18
Matthew F Daley, Christina L Clarke, Jason M Glanz, Stanley Xu, Simon J Hambidge, James G Donahue, James D Nordin, Nicola P Klein, Steven J Jacobsen, Allison L Naleway, Michael L Jackson, Grace Lee, Jonathan Duffy, Eric Weintraub
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in children 2 through 17 years of age. METHODS: The study was conducted in 6 large integrated health care organizations participating in the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD). Trivalent LAIV safety was assessed in children who received LAIV between September 1, 2003 and March 31, 2013. Eighteen pre-specified adverse event groups were studied, including allergic, autoimmune, neurologic, respiratory, and infectious conditions...
November 17, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143385/patterns-of-allergic-sensitization-and-atopic-dermatitis-from-1-to-3-years-effects-on-allergic-diseases
#19
C Dharma, D L Lefebvre, M M Tran, W Y W Lou, P Subbarao, A B Becker, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, M R Sears
BACKGROUND: While allergic sensitization and atopic dermatitis (AD) are known to increase the risk for allergic diseases, the impact of different temporal and clinical patterns of sensitization and AD is less well defined. OBJECTIVE: We investigated patterns of sensitization and AD from early infancy to age 3, and the differential risk for developing allergic diseases within each pattern in a general cohort. METHODS: Children (n=2629) from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study underwent skin prick tests and were assessed clinically for AD at ages 1 and 3 years...
November 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143366/patch-testing-in-israeli-children-with-suspected-allergic-contact-dermatitis-a-retrospective-study-and-literature-review
#20
Yaron Zafrir, Akiva Trattner, Emmillia Hodak, Oren Eldar, Moshe Lapidoth, Dan Ben Amitai
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood allergic contact dermatitis is recognized as a significant clinical problem. The objective was to evaluate the rate of positive patch tests in Israeli children with clinically suspected allergic contact dermatitis, identify possible sex and age differences, compare results with those in Israeli adults, and review pediatric studies in the literature. METHODS: The study sample included 343 children and adolescents (197 female, 146 male; 1-18 years of age, mean age 11...
November 16, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
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