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Riyaz Basha, Sarah F Connelly, Umesh T Sankpal, Ganji Purnachandra Nagaraju, Hassaan Patel, Jamboor K Vishwanatha, Sagar Shelake, Leslie Tabor-Simecka, Mamoru Shoji, Jerry W Simecka, Bassel El-Rayes
Combination of dietary/herbal spice curcumin (Cur) and COX inhibitors has been tested for improving therapeutic efficacy in pancreatic cancer (PC). The objective of this study was to identify agent with low toxicity and COX-independent mechanism to induce PC cell growth inhibition when used along with Cur. Anticancer NSAID, tolfenamic acid (TA) and Cur combination were evaluated using PC cell lines. L3.6pl and MIA PaCa-2 cells were treated with Cur (5-25μM) or TA (25-100μM) or combination of Cur (7.5μM) and TA (50μM)...
May 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Mehrad Tavallai, Laurence Booth, Jane L Roberts, William P McGuire, Andrew Poklepovic, Paul Dent
We determined whether the myelofibrosis drug ruxolitinib, an inhibitor of Janus kinases 1/2 (JAK1 and JAK2), could interact with the multiple sclerosis drug dimethyl-fumarate (DMF) to kill tumor cells; studies used the in vivo active form of the drug, mono-methyl fumarate (MMF). Ruxolitinib interacted with MMF to kill brain, breast, lung and ovarian cancer cells, and enhanced the lethality of standard of care therapies such as paclitaxel and temozolomide. MMF also interacted with other FDA approved drugs to kill tumor cells including Celebrex® and Gilenya®...
April 5, 2016: Oncotarget
Albert Yen, Kangyi Zhang, Giulia Daneshgaran, Ho-Joong Kim, Dean Ho
Standard oral cancer therapy generally includes a combination of surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. This treatment paradigm has not changed in some time. In this paper, we propose a chemopreventive nanodiamond platform for the delivery of celecoxib (Celebrex) to oral cancer lesions. This innovative platform allows for sustained drug release under physiological conditions, potentially enhancing chemopreventive efficacy of celecoxib without the physical and toxicological damage associated with conventional means of drug delivery...
February 2016: Journal of the California Dental Association
Xiaojia Wang, Yu Li, Bangxiang Yang
UNLABELLED: The WHO analgesic guidelines for treatment of cancer pain have been proven safe and effective for most patients. However, there is still inadequate analgesia following that guideline based on pain degree. CASE REPORT: An 82-year-old man with history of right ceruminous gland carcinoma was treated by tumor resection following numerous courses of chemotherapy. He developed progressive pain ranging from 4 to 8 or 9 on the 0-10 numeric rating scale (NRS) involving the right side of face and neck area...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
W De Jaeghere, T De Beer, J Van Bocxlaer, J P Remon, C Vervaet
The primary purpose of this study was to process partially hydrolyzed PVOH grades (degree of hydroxylation (DH): 33-88%) via HME and to evaluate them as carrier for oral immediate release dosage forms in order to improve the release rate of poorly water soluble drugs (i.e., HCT and CEL) via the formulation of solid dispersions. PVOH grades (DH >70%) were able to solubilize HCT and CEL up to 15%, but required higher extrusion temperature, due to the crystalline nature of PVOH. The highest drug release rate was observed from hot-melt extruded PVOH samples with a high DH...
August 15, 2015: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Juan Ren, Huarong Huang, Yue Liu, Xi Zheng, Qingze Zou
Mechanical properties of cells have been recognized as a biomarker for cellular cytoskeletal organization. As chemical treatments lead to cell cytoskeletal rearrangements, thereby, modifications of cellular mechanical properties, investigating cellular mechanical property variations provides insightful knowledge to effects of chemical treatments on cancer cells. In this study, the effects of eight different anticancer drugs on the mechanical properties of human prostate cancer cell (PC-3) are investigated using a recently developed control-based nanoindentation measurement (CNM) protocol on atomic force microscope (AFM)...
2015: PloS One
Bernard F McDonald, Alison M Quinn, Tomas Devers, Alan Cullen, Ivan S Coulter, Ian W Marison, Sinéad T Loughran
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a life-threatening disease that can develop as a consequence of a sustained chronic inflammatory pathology of the colon. Although not devoid of side effects, the anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib (CLX) has been shown to exert protective effects in CRC therapy. The purpose of this study was to develop and characterise a novel CLX microbead formulation suitable for use in the treatment and prevention of CRC, which has the potential to minimise the side effects associated with CLX...
May 2015: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
María I Aguilar, Wendy V Benítez, Arturo Colín, Robert Bye, Ramiro Ríos-Gómez, Fernando Calzada
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Doradilla is a plant that has a long history in the Mexican traditional system of medicine for gall and renal stones, diuresis, stomach and liver inflammation among other diseases. Major components isolated from these plants include biflavonoids as amentoflavone (1), robustaflavone (2) and (S)-2,3-dihydrorobustaflavone (3) and the carbohydrate trehalose (4). The aim of this study was to evaluate the diuretic effect of the decoction of Selaginella nothohybrida Valdespino and Selaginella lepidophylla (Hook & Grev) Spring (Selaginellaceae), and compounds 1-4...
April 2, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Christina Lönnroth, Marianne Andersson, Annika G Asting, Svante Nordgren, Kent Lundholm
Preclinical data, and an increasing list of clinical investigations, show anti-inflammatory agents to favourably influence the biology of colorectal tumor. We have earlier reported on re-expression of activated immune cells after three days preoperative treatment of patients with colorectal carcinoma, randomized to receive oral NSAID (indomethacin or celebrex). Antisecretory prophylaxis (esomeprasol) was provided to all patients and served as sham treatment. Concomittant to MHC locus activation, Prominin1/CD133, a marker associated with stemness and poor prognosis in several solid tumors, was downregulated...
December 2014: International Journal of Oncology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: Pharmaceutical Patent Analyst
Abdulrahman M Alaseem, Padma Madiraju, Sultan A Aldebeyan, Hussain Noorwali, John Antoniou, Fackson Mwale
Several studies have shown that type X collagen (COL X), a marker of late-stage chondrocyte hypertrophy, is expressed in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from osteoarthritis (OA) patients. We recently found that Naproxen, but not other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (Ibuprofen, Celebrex, Diclofenac), can induce type X collagen gene (COL10A1) expression in bone-marrow-derived MSCs from healthy and OA donors. In this study we determined the effect of Naproxen on COL X protein expression and investigated the intracellular signaling pathways that mediate Naproxen-induced COL10A1 expression in normal and OA hMSCs...
January 2015: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Zhanjun Jia, Ying Sun, Shanshan Liu, Ying Liu, Tianxin Yang
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) has been implicated to play a pathogenic role in diabetic nephropathy (DN) but its source remains unlcear. To elucidate whether mPGES-1, the best characterized PGE2 synthase, was involved in the development of DN, we examined the renal phenotype of mPGES-1 KO mice subjected to STZ-induced type-1 diabetes. After STZ treatment, mPGES-1 WT and KO mice presented the similar onset of diabetes as shown by similar elevation of blood glucose. Meanwhile, both genotypes of mice exhibited similar increases of urinary and renal PGE2 production...
2014: PloS One
Huarong Huang, Xiao-Xing Cui, Shaohua Chen, Susan Goodin, Yue Liu, Yan He, Dongli Li, Hong Wang, Jeremiah Van Doren, Robert S Dipaola, Allan H Conney, Xi Zheng
BACKGROUND/AIM: Lipitor is a cholesterol-lowering drug and Celebrex is a Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor. We investigated the effects of Lipitor and Celebrex on human prostate cancer VCaP cells cultured in vitro and grown as orthotopic xenograft tumors in SCID mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Apoptosis was measured by morphological assessment and caspase-3 assay. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation was determined by luciferase reporter assay. B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl2) was measured by western blotting and immunohistochemistry...
July 2014: Anticancer Research
John B McKinlay, Felicia Trachtenberg, Lisa D Marceau, Jeffrey N Katz, Michael A Fischer
BACKGROUND: Because of internet searches, advice from friends, and pharmaceutical advertising, especially direct-to-consumer advertising, patients are increasingly activated to request medications during a physician encounter. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the effect of patient requests for medications on physician-prescribing behavior, unconfounded by patient, physician, and practice-setting factors. RESEARCH DESIGN: Two experiments were conducted among 192 primary care physicians, each using different video-based scenarios: an undiagnosed "patient" with symptoms strongly suggesting sciatica, and a "patient" with already diagnosed chronic knee osteoarthritis...
April 2014: Medical Care
Andrew E Beaudin, Matiram Pun, Christina Yang, David D M Nicholl, Craig D Steinback, Donna M Slater, Katherine E Wynne-Edwards, Patrick J Hanly, Sofia B Ahmed, Marc J Poulin
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease resulting from intermittent hypoxia (IH)-induced inflammation. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-formed prostanoids mediate the inflammatory response, and regulate blood pressure and cerebral blood flow (CBF), but their role in blood pressure and CBF responses to IH is unknown. Therefore, this study's objective was to determine the role of prostanoids in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular responses to IH...
May 9, 2014: Journal of the American Heart Association
Charlotte Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
Ning Ding, Xiao-Xing Cui, Zhi Gao, Huarong Huang, Xingchuan Wei, Zhiyun Du, Yong Lin, Weichung Joe Shih, Arnold B Rabson, Allan H Conney, Chunhong Hu, Xi Zheng
Because K-Ras mutation and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression are hallmarks of majority of pancreatic cancer patients, an approach to inhibit the progression and growth of pancreatic cancer using the simultaneous administration of agents that inhibit the function of both targets, should be considered. In the present study, we assessed the effects of atorvastatin (Lipitor), celecoxib (Celebrex) and tipifarnib (Zarnestra) on the growth of human pancreatic cancer. In the in vitro studies, we found that treatment of human pancreatic tumor cells with a combination of atorvastatin, celecoxib and tipifarnib had a stronger inhibitory effect on growth and a stronger stimulatory effect on apoptosis than each drug alone or for any combination of two drugs...
June 2014: International Journal of Oncology
Roman V Frolov, Satpal Singh
Celecoxib (Celebrex), a highly popular selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, can modulate ion channels and alter functioning of neurons and myocytes at clinically relevant concentrations independently of cyclooxygenase inhibition. In experimental systems varying from Drosophila to primary mammalian and human cell lines, celecoxib inhibits many voltage-activated Na(+), Ca(2+), and K(+) channels, including NaV1.5, L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels, KV1.5, KV2.1, KV4.3, KV7.1, KV11.1 (hERG), while stimulating other K(+) channels-KV7...
May 5, 2014: European Journal of Pharmacology
Noah Scheinfeld
Hidradenitis Supprurativa is a painful dermatological condition. Although the pain of HS has unique aspects, the pain of HS pain shares common elements with essential pain, fibromyalgia, and pure neuropathic pain syndromes. Futhermore, depression plays an important role in the pain of HS. This paper reviews the potential for use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDS), acetaminophen, celecoxib, gabpentin, pregabalin, and the serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), duloxetine and venlafaxine, for treating HS related pain...
November 2013: Dermatology Online Journal
Axel H Schönthal
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a multifunctional organelle required for lipid biosynthesis, calcium storage, and protein folding and processing. A number of physiological and pathological conditions, as well as a variety of pharmacological agents, are able to disturb proper ER function and thereby cause ER stress, which severely impairs protein folding and therefore poses the risk of proteotoxicity. Specific triggers for ER stress include, for example, particular intracellular alterations (e.g., calcium or redox imbalances), certain microenvironmental conditions (e...
2012: Scientifica
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