keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pressure wire

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141949/microvascular-insulin-resistance-in-skeletal-muscle-and-brain-occurs-early-in-the-development-of-juvenile-obesity-in-pigs
#1
T Dylan Olver, Zachary Ian Grunewald, Thomas J Jurrissen, Rebecca Ek MacPherson, Paul J LeBlanc, Teagan R Schnurbusch, Alana M Czajkowski, Maurice Harold Laughlin, R Scott Rector, Shawn B Bender, Eric M Walters, Craig A Emter, Jaume Padilla
BACKGROUND: Impaired microvascular insulin signaling may develop prior to overt indices of microvascular endothelial dysfunction and represent an early pathological feature of adolescent obesity. Using a translational porcine model of juvenile obesity, we tested the hypotheses that in the early stages of obesity development, impaired insulin signaling manifests in skeletal muscle (triceps), brain (prefrontal cortex) and corresponding vasculatures, and that depressed insulin-induced vasodilation is reversible with acute inhibition of protein kinase C beta (PKCβ)...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128827/a-comparison-study-on-a-sulfonated-graphene-polyaniline-nanocomposite-coated-fiber-for-analysis-of-nicotine-in-solid-samples-through-the-traditional-and-vacuum-assisted-hs-spme
#2
Alireza Ghiasvand, Samira Koonani, Fatemeh Yazdankhah, Saeid Farhadi
A simple, rapid, and reliable headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) procedure, reinforced by applying vacuum in the extraction vial, was developed. It was applied for the extraction of nicotine in solid samples prior to determination by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). First, the surface of a narrow stainless steel wire was made porous and adhesive by platinization to obtain a durable, higher surface area, and resistant fiber. Then, a thin film of sulfonated graphene/polyaniline (Sulf-G/PANI) nanocomposite was synthesized and simultaneously coated on the platinized fiber using the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) method...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124264/laser-structured-janus-wire-mesh-for-efficient-oil-water-separation
#3
Yu-Qing Liu, Dong-Dong Han, Zhi-Zhen Jiao, Yan Liu, Hao-Bo Jiang, Xuan-Hang Wu, Hong Ding, Yong-Lai Zhang, Hong-Bo Sun
We report here the fabrication of a Janus wire mesh by a combined process of laser structuring and fluorosilane/graphene oxide (GO) modification of the two sides of the mesh, respectively, toward its applications in efficient oil/water separation. Femtosecond laser processing has been employed to make different laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) on each side of the mesh. Surface modification with fluorosilane on one side and GO on the other side endows the two sides of the Janus mesh with distinct wettability...
November 10, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114011/albuterol-delivery-efficiency-in-a-pediatric-model-of-noninvasive-ventilation-with-double-limb-circuit
#4
Jeanne Velasco, Ariel Berlinski
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is used to treat respiratory failure in patients with concomitant need for aerosol delivery. Limited pediatric data are available on aerosol delivery efficiency, and none at all regarding aerosol delivery efficiency with a double-limb circuit. We compared the effect of position in the double-limb ventilator circuit, types of nebulizer, and ventilator settings on aerosol delivery efficiency in a pediatric model of NIV. We hypothesized that placing a vibrating mesh nebulizer at the ventilator and using the highest inspiratory pressures would increase aerosol delivery efficiency...
November 7, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113999/index-of-microcirculatory-resistance-at-the-time-of-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-predicts-early-cardiac-complications-insights-from-the-oxami-oxford-study-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-cohort
#5
Gregor Fahrni, Mathias Wolfrum, Giovanni Luigi De Maria, Florim Cuculi, Sam Dawkins, Mohammad Alkhalil, Niket Patel, John C Forfar, Bernard D Prendergast, Robin P Choudhury, Keith M Channon, Adrian P Banning, Rajesh K Kharbanda
BACKGROUND: Early risk stratification after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction is currently challenging. Identification of a low-risk group may improve triage of patients to alternative clinical pathways and support early hospital discharge. Our aim was to assess whether the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) at the time of PPCI can identify patients at low risk of early major cardiac complications and to compare its performance against guideline-recommended risk scores...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113864/observations-from-a-real-time-ifr-ffr-hybrid-approach-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-coronary-artery-disease-undergoing-tavi
#6
Roberto Scarsini, Gabriele Pesarini, Mattia Lunardi, Anna Piccoli, Claudia Zanetti, Rosaria Cantone, Michele Bellamoli, Valeria Ferrero, Leonardo Gottin, Giuseppe Faggian, Flavio Ribichini
BACKGROUND: The complexity of coronary physiology in presence of severe aortic stenosis (AS) raises concerns about the reliability of pressure-derived indexes in this clinical setting. Furthermore, neither fractional flow reserve (FFR) nor instantaneous wave-free period (iFR) has been validated in AS. Combining iFR and FFR in a tailored decision-making strategy may help to increase simplicity, accuracy and safety of physiology-guided revascularization in AS. METHODS: In this prospective observational study iFR and FFR were measured before and after TAVI during the same procedure in patients with severe AS and concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD)...
October 3, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112510/prediction-of-postpercutaneous-coronary-intervention-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-intravascular-imaging-coronary-flow-and-biomarker-evaluation
#7
Stephen P Hoole, Jules Hernández-Sánchez, Adam J Brown, Joel P Giblett, Martin R Bennett, Nick E J West
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention-induced myocardial infarction (PMI) has prognostic significance. Identifying patients at high risk for PMI is desirable as it may alter strategy and facilitate early preventative therapy. We therefore sought to establish whether preprocedural demographic, interventional (plaque characteristics and coronary microcirculatory function), and inflammatory, endothelial damage, and platelet-derived biomarker data could predict the risk of PMI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed target vessel pressure wire to assess fractional flow reserve, index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) and coronary flow reserve, plaque characterization by virtual histology intravascular ultrasound, and assayed peripheral biomarkers before uncomplicated PCI in 88 patients...
November 6, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103656/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-stable-angina-orbita-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Rasha Al-Lamee, David Thompson, Hakim-Moulay Dehbi, Sayan Sen, Kare Tang, John Davies, Thomas Keeble, Michael Mielewczik, Raffi Kaprielian, Iqbal S Malik, Sukhjinder S Nijjer, Ricardo Petraco, Christopher Cook, Yousif Ahmad, James Howard, Christopher Baker, Andrew Sharp, Robert Gerber, Suneel Talwar, Ravi Assomull, Jamil Mayet, Roland Wensel, David Collier, Matthew Shun-Shin, Simon A Thom, Justin E Davies, Darrel P Francis
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic relief is the primary goal of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in stable angina and is commonly observed clinically. However, there is no evidence from blinded, placebo-controlled randomised trials to show its efficacy. METHODS: ORBITA is a blinded, multicentre randomised trial of PCI versus a placebo procedure for angina relief that was done at five study sites in the UK. We enrolled patients with severe (≥70%) single-vessel stenoses...
November 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101020/angiography-based-quantitative-flow-ratio-for-online-assessment-of-coronary-stenosis-favor-ii-china-study
#9
Bo Xu, Shengxian Tu, Shubin Qiao, Xinkai Qu, Yundai Chen, Junqing Yang, Lijun Guo, Zhongwei Sun, Zehang Li, Feng Tian, Weiyi Fang, Jiyan Chen, Wei Li, Changdong Guan, Niels R Holm, William Wijns, Shengshou Hu
OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic performance of quantitative flow ratio (QFR) for diagnosis of hemodynamically-significant coronary stenosis defined by fractional flow reserve (FFR) ≤0.80. BACKGROUND: QFR is a novel angiography-based method for deriving FFR without pressure wire or induction of hyperemia. The accuracy of QFR when assessed online in the catheterization laboratory has not been adequately examined to date. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter trial enrolled patients who had at least one lesion with diameter stenosis of 30-90% and reference diameter ≥ 2mm by visual estimation...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092495/a-platform-for-exploding-wires-in-different-media
#10
Ruoyu Han, Jiawei Wu, Aici Qiu, Haibin Zhou, Yanan Wang, Jiaqi Yan, Weidong Ding
A platform SWE-2 used for single wire explosion experiments has been designed, established, and commissioned. This paper describes the design and initial experiments of SWE-2. In summary, two pulsed current sources based on pulse capacitors and spark gaps are adopted to drive sub-microsecond and microsecond time scale wire explosions in a gaseous/liquid medium, respectively. In the initial experiments, a single copper wire was exploded in air, helium, and argon with a 0.1-0.3 MPa ambient pressure as well as tap water with a 283-323 K temperature, 184-11 000 μS/cm conductivity, or 0...
October 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092480/development-of-a-spectro-electrochemical-cell-for-soft-x-ray-photon-in-photon-out-spectroscopy
#11
Tomoko Ishihara, Takashi Tokushima, Yuka Horikawa, Masaru Kato, Ichizo Yagi
We developed a spectro-electrochemical cell for X-ray absorption and X-ray emission spectroscopy, which are element-specific methods to study local electronic structures in the soft X-ray region. In the usual electrochemical measurement setup, the electrode is placed in solution, and the surface/interface region of the electrode is not normally accessible by soft X-rays that have low penetration depth in liquids. To realize soft X-ray observation of electrochemical reactions, a 15-nm-thick Pt layer was deposited on a 150-nm-thick film window with an adhesive 3-nm-thick Ti layer for use as both the working electrode and the separator window between vacuum and a sample liquid under atmospheric pressure...
October 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075013/fibrin-glue-as-agent-for-sealing-corneal-and-conjunctival-wound-leaks
#12
C Scalcione, D Ortiz-Vaquerizas, D G Said, H S Dua
PurposeTo describe a novel use of fibrin glue in managing leaking blebs and leaking wounds following trauma or surgery.MethodsInterventional case series.ResultsWe report eight patients, including three where intra-operative or immediate post-penetrating keratoplasty recalcitrant leaks from the graft-host junction and/or openings created by the needle pass, were noted. All three had thin recipient beds in the sector of leak. This was managed by intra-cameral injection of fibrin glue in the affected quadrant...
October 27, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060252/an-in-vivo-mems-sensor-system-for-percutaneous-measurement-of-urinary-bladder
#13
Ingelin Clausen, Lars Geir W Tvedt, Are Hellandsvik, Dag Kristian W Rognlien, Thomas Glott
An in vivo sensor system for direct measurement of pressure in the human urinary bladder is developed. The core component in the system is a small-sized and highly sensitive piezoresistive MEMS pressure sensor element integrated in a sensor catheter. The sensor catheter is wired to an external module for biasing, sampling, conversion and storage of sensor measurements. Our solution provides a target sensor placed directly into the urinary bladder and a reference sensor placed outside the bladder wall through a suprapubic and minimally invasive technique...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060186/flexible-sensor-sheet-for-real-time-pressure-monitoring-in-artificial-knee-joint-during-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Fumika Tanabe, Shusuke Yoshimoto, Yuki Noda, Teppei Araki, Takafumi Uemura, Yoshinori Takeuchi, Masaharu Imai, Tsuyoshi Sekitani
As described in this paper, we propose a sheet-type pressure sensor to support assistive technology for artificial knee joint replacement. The proposed pressure sensor consists of two sheets: an electrode sheet with metal wiring and a flexible polymer-based insulating layer on 80 μm polyimide film, as well as a pressure-sensitive conductive sheet that can function as a pressure-to-resistance sensor. We developed a 5 cm × 7 cm pressure sensor sheet with 116 sensing points. The multiple sensing sheet is expected to monitor the pressure distribution in an artificial knee joint during total knee arthroplasty to improve patients' quality of life...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054592/the-impact-of-tissue-doppler-index-e-e-ratio-on-instantaneous-wave-free-ratio
#15
Hiroyuki Arashi, Junichi Yamaguchi, Tonre Ri, Hisao Otsuki, Masashi Nakao, Kazuho Kamishima, Kentaro Jujo, Yuichiro Minami, Hiroshi Ogawa, Nobuhisa Hagiwara
BACKGROUND: The instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) is a vasodilator-free, invasive pressure wire index of the functional severity of coronary stenosis and is calculated under resting conditions. In a recent study, iFR was found to be more closely linked to coronary flow reserve (CFR) than fractional flow reserve (FFR). E/e' is a surrogate marker of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure and LV diastolic dysfunction. Coronary resting flow was found to be increased in patients with elevated E/e', and higher coronary resting flow was associated with lower CFR...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050684/comparison-of-accuracy-of-one-use-methods-for-calculating-fractional-flow-reserve-by-intravascular-optical-coherence-tomography-to-that-determined-by-the-pressure-wire-method
#16
Sun-Joo Jang, Jung-Min Ahn, Boyoung Kim, Ji-Min Gu, Hyung Jin Sung, Seung-Jung Park, Wang-Yuhl Oh
Although the identification of the hemodynamic significance of coronary lesions becomes important for revascularization strategy, the potential role of 3-dimensional high-resolution intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) for predicting functional significance of coronary lesions remains unclear. We assessed the diagnostic performance of 2 computational approaches for deriving fractional flow reserve (FFR) from intravascular OCT images. We developed 2 methods to derive FFR-OCT by AFD (FFR-OCTAFD) and FFR-OCT by CFD (FFR-OCTCFD)...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044422/the-response-of-the-innate-immune-and-cardiovascular-systems-to-lps-in-pregnant-and-nonpregnant-mice
#17
Julia Zöllner, Laura G Howe, Lydia F Edey, Kieran P O'Dea, Masao Takata, Fabiana Gordon, James Leiper, Mark R Johnson
Sepsis is the leading cause of direct maternal mortality, but there are no data directly comparing the response to sepsis in pregnant and nonpregnant (NP) individuals. This study uses a mouse model of sepsis to test the hypothesis that the cardiovascular response to sepsis is more marked during pregnancy. Female CD1 mice had radiotelemetry probes implanted and were time mated. NP and day 16 pregnant CD-1 mice received intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10 μg, serotype 0111: B4). In a separate study, tissue and serum (for RNA, protein and flow cytometry studies), aorta and uterine vessels (for wire myography) were collected after LPS or vehicle control administration...
August 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038224/effect-of-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-on-hyperemic-absolute-coronary-blood-flow-volume-and-microvascular-resistance
#18
Yoshihisa Kanaji, Tadashi Murai, Taishi Yonetsu, Eisuke Usui, Makoto Araki, Junji Matsuda, Masahiro Hoshino, Masao Yamaguchi, Takayuki Niida, Masahiro Hada, Sadamitsu Ichijyo, Rikuta Hamaya, Yoshinori Kanno, Mitsuaki Isobe, Tsunekazu Kakuta
BACKGROUND: The hemodynamics involved in the relationship between absolute coronary blood flow (ABF) volume and myocardial resistance (MR) are complex, and the effect of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on their changes remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in hyperemic ABF and MR before and after elective PCI using a thermodilution method. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated 28 vessels (right coronary artery, 9; left anterior descending coronary artery, 18; left circumflex coronary artery, 1) from 28 patients with stable angina pectoris undergoing elective PCI...
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023804/apnea-induction-for-invasive-lung-function-testing-in-infant-olive-baboons-comparison-of-intravenous-propofol-versus-hyperventilation
#19
Vadim A Ivanov, Roman F Wolf, James F Papin, Michael P Anderson, Claude L Hill, Robert C Welliver
BACKGROUND: In various types of pulmonary research, pulmonary function testing (PFT) is performed to quantify the severity of lung disease. Induction of apnea and positive pressure ventilation are required for accurate PFT measurements in non-cooperative subjects. We compared two methods of apnea induction in infant olive baboons (Papio anubis). METHODS: Pulmonary function testing results were compared during apnea induced by hyperventilation (CO2 washout) vs. intravenous propofol (1 dose 10 mg/kg)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017400/minimally-invasive-method-to-activate-the-expiratory-muscles-to-restore-cough
#20
Anthony F DiMarco, Robert T Geertman, Kutaiba Tabbaa, Rebecca R Polito, Krzysztof E Kowalski
CONTEXT: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) via disc electrodes surgically placed via laminotomy incisions has been shown to restore an effective cough in subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new method of expiratory muscle activation utilizing spinal cord wire leads, which can be implanted with minimally invasive techniques. METHODS: In a subject with SCI, parallel wire leads with two electrode contacts were inserted percutaneously through a needle, advanced to the T9, T11 spinal levels and connected to an implanted radiofrequency receiver...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
keyword
keyword
58937
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"