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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544658/the-evolution-of-stories-from-mimesis-to-language-from-fact-to-fiction
#1
REVIEW
Brian Boyd
Why a species as successful as Homo sapiens should spend so much time in fiction, in telling one another stories that neither side believes, at first seems an evolutionary riddle. Because of the advantages of tracking and recombining true information, capacities for event comprehension, memory, imagination, and communication evolved in a range of animal species-yet even chimpanzees cannot communicate beyond the here and now. By Homo erectus, our forebears had reached an increasing dependence on one another, not least in sharing information in mimetic, prelinguistic ways...
May 24, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536897/validation-of-myocardial-perfusion-quantification-by-dynamic-ct-in-an-ex-vivo-porcine-heart-model
#2
Gert Jan Pelgrim, Marco Das, Sjoerd van Tuijl, Marly van Assen, Frits W Prinzen, Marco Stijnen, Matthijs Oudkerk, Joachim E Wildberger, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart
To test the accuracy of quantification of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using computed tomography (CT) in ex-vivo porcine models. Five isolated porcine hearts were perfused according to Langendorff. Hearts were perfused using retrograde flow through the aorta and blood flow, blood pressure and heart rate were monitored throughout the experiment. An inflatable cuff was placed around the circumflex (Cx) artery to create stenosis grades which were monitored using a pressure wire, analysing perfusion at several fractional flow reserve values of 1...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536675/an-overview-of-two-component-signal-transduction-systems-implicated-in-extra-intestinal-pathogenic-e-coli-infections
#3
REVIEW
Erin J Breland, Allison R Eberly, Maria Hadjifrangiskou
Extra-intestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) infections are common in mammals and birds. The predominant ExPEC types are avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC), neonatal meningitis causing E. coli/meningitis associated E. coli (NMEC/MAEC), and uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC). Many reviews have described current knowledge on ExPEC infection strategies and virulence factors, especially for UPEC. However, surprisingly little has been reported on the regulatory modules that have been identified as critical in ExPEC pathogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506646/virtual-resting-pd-pa-from-coronary-angiography-and-blood-flow-modelling-diagnostic-performance-against-fractional-flow-reserve
#4
Michail I Papafaklis, Takashi Muramatsu, Yuki Ishibashi, Christos V Bourantas, Dimitrios I Fotiadis, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Héctor M Garcia-Garcia, Javier Escaned, Patrick W Serruys, Lampros K Michalis
BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has been established as a useful diagnostic tool. The distal coronary pressure to aortic pressure (Pd/Pa) ratio at rest is a simpler physiologic index but also requires the use of the pressure wire, whereas recently proposed virtual functional indices derived from coronary imaging require complex blood flow modelling and/or are time-consuming. Our aim was to test the diagnostic performance of virtual resting Pd/Pa using routine angiographic images and a simple flow model...
May 3, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505376/evolutionary-re-wiring-of-p63-and-the-epigenomic-regulatory-landscape-in-keratinocytes-and-its-potential-implications-on-species-specific-gene-expression-and-phenotypes
#5
Isha Sethi, Christian Gluck, Huiqing Zhou, Michael J Buck, Satrajit Sinha
Although epidermal keratinocyte development and differentiation proceeds in similar fashion between humans and mice, evolutionary pressures have also wrought significant species-specific physiological differences. These differences between species could arise in part, by the rewiring of regulatory network due to changes in the global targets of lineage-specific transcriptional master regulators such as p63. Here we have performed a systematic and comparative analysis of the p63 target gene network within the integrated framework of the transcriptomic and epigenomic landscape of mouse and human keratinocytes...
May 13, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504545/detection-of-hemodynamically-significant-coronary-artery-stenosis-with-ct-enhancement-ratio-a-validation-study-in-a-porcine-model
#6
Jun Chen, Yang Pu, Zhang Zhang, Xuefang Yu, Zhengwen Yang
OBJECTIVE: Although numerous techniques that are based on CT number analysis have been proposed, the assessment of hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis remains a great challenge. The purpose of this study is to validate use of the CT enhancement ratio in the detection of hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis in a porcine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experiments involving eight closed-chest swine were performed. A balloon catheter was placed into the left anterior descending coronary artery to simulate different degrees of luminal stenosis...
May 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486649/hyperandrogenemia-reduces-endothelium-derived-hyperpolarizing-factor-mediated-relaxation-in-mesenteric-artery-of-female-rats
#7
Jay S Mishra, Amar S More, Gary D V Hankins, Sathish Kumar
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) often present with hyperandrogenemia along with vascular dysfunction and elevated blood pressure. In animal models of PCOS, anti-androgen treatment decreased blood pressure, indicating a key role for androgens in the development of hypertension. However, the underlying androgen-mediated mechanism that contributes to increased blood pressure is not known. This study determined whether elevated androgens affect endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated vascular relaxation responses through alteration in function of gap junctional proteins...
May 8, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479675/understanding-the-densification-process-of-bi2sr2cacu2ox-round-wires-with-overpressure-processing-and-its-effect-on-critical-current-density
#8
M R Matras, J Jiang, D C Larbalestier, E E Hellstrom
Overpressure (OP) processing increases the critical current density (JC ) of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox (2212) round wires by shrinking the surrounding Ag matrix around the 2212 filaments, driving them close to full density and greatly increasing the 2212 grain connectivity. Indeed densification is vital for attaining the highest JC . Here, we investigate the time and temperature dependence of the wire densification. We find that the wire diameter decreases by 3.8 ± 0.3 % after full heat treatment at 50 atm and 100 atm OP...
October 2016: Superconductor Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479514/comprehensive-use-of-cardiac-computed-tomography-to-guide-left-ventricular-lead-placement-in-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#9
Jonathan M Behar, Ronak Rajani, Amir Pourmorteza, Rebecca Preston, Orod Razeghi, Steve Niederer, Shaumik Adhya, Simon Claridge, Tom Jackson, Ben Sieniewicz, Justin Gould, Gerry Carr-White, Reza Razavi, Elliot McVeigh, Christopher Aldo Rinaldi
BACKGROUND: Optimal lead positioning is an important determinant of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) response. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of cardiac computed tomography (CT) selection of the optimal epicardial vein for LV lead placement by targeting regions of late mechanical activation (LMA) and avoiding myocardial scar. METHODS: 18 patients undergoing CRT upgrade with existing pacing systems, underwent pre-implant ECG-gated cardiac CT to assess wall thickness, hypoperfusion, LMA and regions of myocardial scar by the derivation of the Stretch Quantifier of Endocardial Engraved Zones (SQUEEZ) algorithm...
May 4, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471001/the-inherent-catastrophic-traps-in-retrograde-cto-pci
#10
Eugene B Wu, Etsuo Tsuchikane
When we learn to drive, our driving instructor tells us how to check the side mirror and turn your head to check the blind spot before changing lanes. He tells us how to stop at stop signs, how to drive in slippery conditions, the safe stopping distances, and these all make our driving safe. Similarly, when we learn PCI, our mentors teach us to seat the guiding catheter co-axially, to wire the vessel safely, to deliver balloon and stents over the wire, to watch the pressure of the guiding, in order that we perform PCI safely and evade complications...
May 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468975/physiology-of-angina-and-its-alleviation-with-nitroglycerine-insights-from-invasive-catheter-laboratory-measurements-during-exercise
#11
Kaleab N Asrress, Rupert Williams, Timothy P Lockie, Muhammed Z Khawaja, Kalpa De Silva, Matthew Lumley, Tiffany Patterson, Satpal S Arri, Sana Ihsan, Howard Ellis, Antoine Guilcher, Brian R Clapp, Philip J Chowienczyk, Sven Plein, Divaka Perera, Michael Marber, Simon R Redwood
Background -The mechanisms governing exercise-induced angina and its alleviation by the most commonly used anti-anginal drug, nitroglycerine (GTN), are incompletely understood. The purpose of this study was to develop a method with which the effects of anti-anginal drugs could be evaluated invasively during physiological exercise to gain further understanding as to the clinical impact of angina and GTN. Methods -40 Patients (mean 65.2±7.6 years) with exertional angina and coronary artery disease underwent cardiac catheterisation via radial access and performed incremental exercise using a supine cycle ergometer...
May 3, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445104/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-direct-portal-pressure-measurement-using-a-digital-pressure-wire-with-real-time-remote-display-a-survival-study
#12
Allison R Schulman, Christopher C Thompson, Marvin Ryou
BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension is necessary for the development of most clinical complications of cirrhosis. We recently reported a novel, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided technique for direct portal pressure measurements using a digital pressure wire. AIMS: The aims of this study were to (1) evaluate safety in an animal survival model and (2) compare direct portal vein (PV) versus transhepatic access of a first-order venule. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Yorkshire pigs, weighing 40-55 kg...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443325/localized-synthesis-of-conductive-copper-tetracyanoquinodimethane-nanostructures-in-ultrasmall-microchambers-for-nanoelectronics
#13
Yanlong Xing, Guoguang Sun, Eugen Speiser, Norbert Esser, Petra S Dittrich
In this work, the microfluidic-assisted synthesis of copper-tetracyanoquinodimethane (Cu-TCNQ) nanostructures in an ambient environment is reported for the first time. A two-layer microfluidic device comprising parallel actuated microchambers was used for the synthesis and enabled excellent fluid handling for the continuous and multiple chemical reactions in confined ultrasmall chambers. Different precautions were applied to ensure the reduction state of copper (Cu) for the synthesis of Cu-TCNQ charge-transfer compounds...
May 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436918/an-integrated-and-highly-sensitive-ultrafast-acoustoelectric-imaging-system-for-biomedical-applications
#14
Beatrice Berthon, Pierre-Marc Dansette, Mickael Tanter, Mathieu Pernot, Jean Provost
PURPOSE: Direct imaging of cardiac electrical activation is crucial to better understand and diagnose diseases linked to arrhythmias. This work presents an Ultrafast Acoustoelectric Imaging (UAI) system for direct and non-invasive ultrafast mapping of propagating current densities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acoustoelectric imaging is based on the acoustoelectric effect, the modulation of the medium's electrical impedance by a propagating ultrasonic wave. UAI triggers this effect with plane wave emissions to image current densities...
April 24, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436022/ventilation-via-the-2-4%C3%A2-mm-internal-diameter-tritube-%C3%A2-with-cuff%C3%A2-new-possibilities-in-airway-management
#15
REVIEW
M S Kristensen, M W P de Wolf, L S Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: A small tube may facilitate tracheal intubation and improve surgical access. We describe our initial experience with the Tritube(®) that is a novel cuffed endotracheal tube with a 2.4 mm internal diameter. METHODS: The Tritube(®) was used in seven adult Ear-Nose-and Throat surgical patients with airway narrowing or whose surgical access was facilitated by this small-bore endotracheal tube. Ventilation through Tritube(®) is performed with the manually operated Ventrain(®) -ventilator that allows active suctioning during expiration, therefore facilitating normoventilation through small diameter airways...
April 23, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435117/use-of-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-frequently-refutes-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#16
David S Xu, Randall J Hlubek, Celene B Mulholland, Kerry L Knievel, Kris A Smith, Peter Nakaji
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis and management of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) frequently relies on lumbar puncture to ascertain intracranial pressures. However, pressures derived this way may be spurious due to patient body habitus and behavior. We recently incorporated direct continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring into the work-up for IIH and review our experience and outcomes. METHODS: Through billing records, we identified all patients during a 3-year period who had a diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension and who underwent ICP monitoring prior to shunt placement or revision...
April 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418678/radially-ejected-bubbles-driven-by-thermocapillarity-in-equilibrated-vapor-liquid-mixtures
#17
Leonid Rapoport, Matthew Sullivan, Christopher Harrison
We report a novel nucleation method that exploits thermocapillary forces in binary fluids to generate a cloud of bubbles ejected radially from a thermally pulsed wire. The bubbles are nucleated within milliseconds of the extinction of the microsecond pulse and are ejected outward from the wire surface due to the thermocapillary force created by the radial temperature gradient. At low temperatures the surface tension of the vapor-liquid mixture, consisting of ethane-n-octane, increases with increasing temperature, ejecting the bubbles away from the heated wire...
May 9, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417536/stretchable-and-soft-electronics-using-liquid-metals
#18
REVIEW
Michael D Dickey
The use of liquid metals based on gallium for soft and stretchable electronics is discussed. This emerging class of electronics is motivated, in part, by the new opportunities that arise from devices that have mechanical properties similar to those encountered in the human experience, such as skin, tissue, textiles, and clothing. These types of electronics (e.g., wearable or implantable electronics, sensors for soft robotics, e-skin) must operate during deformation. Liquid metals are compelling materials for these applications because, in principle, they are infinitely deformable while retaining metallic conductivity...
April 18, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414673/purulent-pericarditis-due-to-an-infected-pacemaker-lead
#19
Teresa Backes
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous drug users have a substantially increased risk of infective endocarditis, especially in the setting of implanted cardiac devices. Purulent pericarditis is a rare occurrence that can occur iatrogenically or through direct or hematogenous spread. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 75 year old man with a past medical history significant for hepatitis C, IV drug abuse, and sick sinus syndrome status post pacemaker was brought in by EMS with a chief complaint of diaphoresis and chest pain...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409833/dietary-salt-blunts-vasodilation-by-stimulating-epithelial-sodium-channels-in-endothelial-cells-from-salt-sensitive-rats
#20
Zi-Rui Wang, Hui-Bin Liu, Ying-Ying Sun, Qing-Qing Hu, Yu-Xia Li, Wei-Wan Zheng, Chang-Jiang Yu, Xin-Yuan Li, Ming-Ming Wu, Bin-Lin Song, Jian-Jun Mu, Zu-Yi Yuan, Zhi-Ren Zhang, He-Ping Ma
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our recent studies show that the reduced activity of epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) in endothelial cells accounts for the adaptation of vasculature to salt in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The present study examines a hypothesis that enhanced ENaC activity mediates the loss of vasorelaxation in Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We used the cell-attached patch-clamp technique to record ENaC activity in split-open mesenteric arteries...
April 13, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
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