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Hormonal acne

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023067/studies-on-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-pimples
#1
Ajayi Adesola Adetutu, Bibi Oritsewehinmi, Oniha Margaret Ikhiwili, Atolagbe Oluwabunmi Moradeke, Anosike Selina Odochi, Onibokun Elizabeth Adeola
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pimples (acne) are small skin lesions or inflammations of the skin. The most common factor causing acne is the hormonal changes that occur during adolescent and teenage years. Antibiotics are becoming less effective in the treatment of pimples due to increasing concerns of antibiotic resistance. This study was therefore carried out to characterize the isolates from the pimples of Covenant University Students and to determine their antibiotics sensitivity pattern...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952198/thrombotic-risk-minimization-for-diane-35-and-generics
#2
Irene D Bezemer, Elisabeth Smits, Fernie J A Penning-van Beest, Alex Asiimwe, Ron M C Herings
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of risk minimization measures on cyproterone acetate/ethinylestradiol (CPA/EE) use in the Netherlands. Potential indications of use and concomitant pharmacy dispensing of other hormonal contraceptives (HC) were assessed among new users in 2011, 2012, and 2014. METHODS: In this retrospective drug utilization study, new CPA/EE users were identified by pharmacy dispensings in the PHARMO Database Network in 2011, 2012, and 2014...
September 26, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950854/hormonal-contraceptive-use-and-prevalence-of-premenstrual-symptoms-in-a-multiethnic-canadian-population
#3
Alicia Caroline Jarosz, Joseph Jamnik, Ahmed El-Sohemy
BACKGROUND: Hormonal contraceptive use may be associated with a reduction in some premenstrual symptoms, however, the evidence remains equivocal. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the associations between ethnicity and hormonal contraceptive use with premenstrual symptoms. METHODS: One thousand one hundred two women participating in the Toronto Nutrigenomics and Health Study provided data on their premenstrual symptoms and hormonal contraceptive use...
September 26, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942695/ovarian-stimulation-under-the-effect-of-isotretinoin
#4
Mauro Cozzolino, Javier Domingo, Sérgio Reis Soares
Isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) is a pharmaceutical vitamin A analog that is frequently used in the treatment of severe cystic acne, many women at reproductive age being exposed to this substance. This drug has a clearly documented teratogenicity and data from rodents and humans indicate that a direct aggression to ovarian follicles also occurs. Here we report the case of a 29-year-old woman with breast cancer referred for emergency preservation of reproductive potential that used isotretinoin up to the day before the initiation of ovarian stimulation...
September 23, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940857/prevalence-of-dermatologic-manifestations-and-metabolic-biomarkers-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-north-china
#5
Jin-Ge Feng, Yan Guo, Li-Ang Ma, Jin Xing, Rui-Feng Sun, Wei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous features of hyperandrogenism in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) include acne, hirsutism, seborrhea, androgenic alopecia (AGA), and acanthosis nigricans (AN). However, the relationships have not been well known broadly in terms of clinical hyperandrogenism and biochemical markers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate biochemical and metabolic parameters in relation to cutaneous characters women in with and without PCOS. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional retrospective study including 186 women with PCOS and 113 age-matched without PCOS women...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912620/hormonal-contraception-and-the-development-of-autoimmunity-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
William V Williams
Estrogens and progestins are known to have profound effects on the immune system and may modulate the susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. A comprehensive literature search was carried out using PubMed for any of 153 autoimmune disease terms and the terms contraception, contraceptive, or their chemical components with limits of Humans + Title or Abstract. Over 1,800 titles were returned and scanned, 352 papers retrieved and reviewed in depth and an additional 70 papers retrieved from the bibliographies. Based on this review, substantial evidence exists linking the use of combined oral contraceptives to a lower incidence of hyperthyroidism, an increase in multiple sclerosis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, and interstitial cystitis...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855974/the-skin-microbiome-impact-of-modern-environments-on-skin-ecology-barrier-integrity-and-systemic-immune-programming
#7
REVIEW
Susan L Prescott, Danica-Lea Larcombe, Alan C Logan, Christina West, Wesley Burks, Luis Caraballo, Michael Levin, Eddie Van Etten, Pierre Horwitz, Anita Kozyrskyj, Dianne E Campbell
Skin barrier structure and function is essential to human health. Hitherto unrecognized functions of epidermal keratinocytes show that the skin plays an important role in adapting whole-body physiology to changing environments, including the capacity to produce a wide variety of hormones, neurotransmitters and cytokine that can potentially influence whole-body states, and quite possibly, even emotions. Skin microbiota play an integral role in the maturation and homeostatic regulation of keratinocytes and host immune networks with systemic implications...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742263/progesterone-receptor-modulators-for-endometriosis
#8
REVIEW
Jing Fu, Hao Song, Min Zhou, Huili Zhu, Yuhe Wang, Hengxi Chen, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue (glands and stroma) outside the uterine cavity. This condition is oestrogen-dependent and thus is seen primarily during the reproductive years. Owing to their antiproliferative effects in the endometrium, progesterone receptor modulators (PRMs) have been advocated for treatment of endometriosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of PRMs primarily in terms of pain relief as compared with other treatments or placebo or no treatment in women of reproductive age with endometriosis...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676330/trends-in-prescribing-behavior-of-systemic-agents-used-in-the-treatment-of-acne-among-dermatologists-and-nondermatologists-a-retrospective-analysis-2004-2013
#9
John S Barbieri, William D James, David J Margolis
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations to limit the use of oral antibiotics and increasing support for hormonal agents in the treatment of acne, it is unclear whether there have been any significant changes in practice patterns. OBJECTIVE: To characterize changes in prescribing behavior for systemic agents in the treatment of acne in the United States between 2004 and 2013. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis using the OptumInsight Clinformatics DataMart (Optum, Eden Prairie, MN)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672734/subclinical-hypothyroidism-does-not-influence-the-metabolic-and-hormonal-profile-of-women-with-pcos
#10
Eftihios Trakakis, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Erifili Hatziagelaki, Periklis Panagopoulos, Ioannis Salloum, Nikolaos Papantoniou
Background Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is present in 5%-10% of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. To date, its impact on the metabolic and hormonal profile of those women remains controversial. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the impact of SCH on the glycemic, lipid and hormonal profile of PCOS patients. Materials and methods We conducted a prospective case control study of patients that attended the Department of Gynecological Endocrinology of our hospital. Results Overall, 280 women with PCOS were enrolled during a time period of 7 years (2009-2015)...
June 23, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606553/differences-in-dietary-glycemic-load-and-hormones-in-new-york-city-adults-with-no-and-moderate-severe-acne
#11
Jennifer Burris, William Rietkerk, James M Shikany, Kathleen Woolf
BACKGROUND: Glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) may be implicated in acne pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study examined differences between GI/GL and biological factors associated with acne among adults with and without moderate/severe acne. Secondary objectives included examining differences between food-aggravated acne beliefs and acne-specific quality of life among adults with and without moderate/severe acne. DESIGN: As part of a cross-sectional study, participants completed a 5-day food record; blood draw to measure biological factors associated with acne (ie, glucose, insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3, and sex hormone-binding globulin concentrations); body composition assessment; and questionnaire to evaluate food-aggravated acne beliefs and acne-specific quality of life...
September 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578183/central-precocious-puberty-secondary-to-adrenocortical-adenoma-in-a-female-child-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Betul Ersoy, Deniz Kizilay, Hasan Cayirli, Peyker Temiz, Cuneyt Gunsar
BACKGROUND: Pediatric adrenocortical tumors are rare but significant causes of virilization and peripheral precocious puberty (PPP). CASE: A 4-year-old girl presented with development of breast, pubic hair, and facial acne. Her bone age was advanced, and her gonadotropin level did not elevate in a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) test. High levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, estradiol, and testosterone, and detection of a tumor in the left adrenal gland of the abdomen using computed tomography led to a diagnosis of PPP due to adrenal tumor...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569570/efficacy-of-peeling-during-different-periods-of-the-menstrual-cycle-on-acne
#13
Emel Bulbul Baskan, Işıl Tilki Günay, Hayriye Saricaoglu
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 50% glycolic acid peeling performed at different phases of menstruation on acne. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 30 patients with mild-to-moderate acne. Those with regular menstrual cycles and no history or laboratory evidence of hormonal pathology, hirsutism were selected. Thirty patients were divided in three groups. The first group received peeling applications in the first 7 days of menstruation; the second group received the peel between 10 and 14 days; and the third group received the peel during the last 10 days of menstruation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562419/endocrine-disorders-and-hormonal-therapy-for-adolescent-acne
#14
Henry L Nguyen, Megha M Tollefson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acne vulgaris is a global disease with increasing prevalence in adolescents. It has a profound impact on their quality of life, especially when endocrine disorders are also involved. Recent concerns regarding antibiotic stewardship, failures with antibiotic usage, and the development of antibiotic-resistant Propionibacterium acnes have led clinicians to consider other therapeutic options for acne treatment. The present review explores hormonal therapies for the treatment of acne vulgaris...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556292/a-review-of-the-role-of-sebum-in-the-mechanism-of-acne-pathogenesis
#15
REVIEW
Xinchao Li, Congfen He, Zhou Chen, Cheng Zhou, Yao Gan, Yan Jia
Acne is one of the most common skin disorders, and its occurrence is closely related to many factors, including sebum secretion, hormone levels, bacterial infection, and inflammatory reactions. Among these, changes in sebum secretion are believed to be one important factor of acne. Increased sebum secretion can induce acne occurrence, and increasing evidence indicates sebum component changes are also strongly related to acne occurrence. Recently, developments in lipidomics have provided effective lipid analysis methods...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546817/clinical-and-biochemical-characteristics-in-pcos-women-with-menstrual-abnormalities
#16
Vasiliki Christodoulopoulou, Eftihios Trakakis, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Melpomeni Peppa, Charalampos Chrelias, Dimitrios Kassanos, Nikolaos Papantoniou
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of menstrual cycle abnormalities among patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on biochemical and anthropometric characteristics. Materials and methods: We conducted a prospective observational study of patients 17-35 years of age with PCOS that attended the department of Gynecological Endocrinology of our hospital. Results: A total of 309 women with PCOS participated in the study. In total, 72.2% suffered from menstrual cycle disorders...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513546/edible-plants-and-their-influence-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-acne
#17
REVIEW
Ashley K Clark, Kelly N Haas, Raja K Sivamani
Acne vulgaris affects most people at some point in their lives. Due to unclear etiology, likely with multiple factors, targeted and low-risk treatments have yet to be developed. In this review, we explore the multiple causes of acne and how plant-based foods and supplements can control these. The proposed causative factors include insulin resistance, sex hormone imbalances, inflammation and microbial dysbiosis. There is an emerging body of work on the human gut microbiome and how it mediates feedback between the foods we eat and our bodies...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497664/insulin-sensitizers-in-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
Trang N LE, Edmond P Wickham Iii, John E Nestler
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common disorder of androgen excess in women of reproductive age. The diagnosis of PCOS can be more challenging in adolescents than in adult women given significant overlap between normal puberty and the signs of PCOS, including acne, menstrual irregularity, and polycystic ovarian morphology. Optimal treatments for adult women with PCOS vary depending on patient risk factors and reproductive goals, but mainly include hormonal contraception and insulin sensitizers...
May 11, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492054/a-review-of-hormone-based-therapies-to-treat-adult-acne-vulgaris-in-women
#19
REVIEW
M K Trivedi, K Shinkai, J E Murase
Hormone-based therapies including combined oral contraceptive medications and spironolactone are considered effective therapies to treat adult acne in women. Our objective is to provide a concise and comprehensive overview of the types of hormonal therapy that are available to treat acne and comment on their efficacy and safety profiles for clinical practice. A systematic search using the PubMed Database was conducted to yield 36 relevant studies for inclusion in the review and several conclusions were drawn from the literature...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492036/updates-in-the-understanding-and-treatments-of-skin-hair-disorders-in-women-of-color
#20
REVIEW
Christina N Lawson, Jasmine Hollinger, Sumit Sethi, Ife Rodney, Rashmi Sarkar, Ncoza Dlova, Valerie D Callender
Skin of color comprises a diverse and expanding population of individuals. In particular, women of color represent an increasing subset of patients who frequently seek dermatologic care. Acne, melasma, and alopecia are among the most common skin disorders seen in this patient population. Understanding the differences in the basic science of skin and hair is imperative in addressing their unique needs. Despite the paucity of conclusive data on racial and ethnic differences in skin of color, certain biologic differences do exist, which affect the disease presentations of several cutaneous disorders in pigmented skin...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
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