keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hormonal ace

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932974/regulation-of-nle74a-on-vitellogenin-might-be-mediated-by-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-through-a-fecundity-related-snp-in-the-brown-planthopper-nilaparvata-lugens
#1
Zhongxiang Sun, Qi Shi, Cuicui Xu, Rumeng Wang, Huanhuan Wang, Yuanyuan Song, Rensen Zeng
The major yolk protein precursors (YPP) gene, vitellogenin (Vg), usually considered as a reproductive indicator and molecular marker for evaluating insect fecundity, is controlled by insect hormone (mainly ecdysteroids and juvenile hormone), transcription factors and many other fecundity-related genes. To better understand the underlying molecular regulation mechanisms of the NlVg in the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (N. lugens), the correlation between one early ecdysone response gene E74 and one important fecundity-related gene angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) on the regulation of Vg gene expression, was investigated...
June 19, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807051/improving-the-comprehension-of-sarcopenic-state-determinants-an-multivariate-approach-involving-hormonal-nutritional-lifestyle-and-genetic-variables
#2
Jonas R Dias da Silva, Ivna Vidal Freire, Ícaro J S Ribeiro, Caroline Silva Dos Santos, Cezar Augusto Casotti, Djanilson Barbosa Dos Santos, Ana Angélica Leal Barbosa, Rafael Pereira
It is known that sarcopenia is a multifaceted phenomenon, which involves genetic, nutritional, hormonal and living habits aspects. Then, an integrated analysis, as a multivariate approach, could improve the comprehension about the determinants of sarcopenic state in old adults. The present study aimed to investigate the interaction among serum vitamin D, daily caloric and protein intake, lifestyle habits, ACE I/D gene polymorphism and sarcopenic state in community-dwelling old adults. One hundred one community-dwelling old adults were clinically stratified as sarcopenic or non-sarcopenic...
July 2018: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765306/microglial-activation-is-modulated-by-captopril-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#3
Keren Asraf, Nofar Torika, Ron N Apte, Sigal Fleisher-Berkovich
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is an important peripheral system involved in homeostasis modulation, with angiotensin II (Ang II) serving as the main effector hormone. The main enzyme involved in Ang II formation is angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). ACE inhibitors (ACEIs) such as captopril (Cap) are predominantly used for the management of hypertension. All of the components of the RAS have also been identified in brain. Centrally located hormones such as Ang II can induce glial inflammation. Moreover, in Alzheimer's disease (AD) models, where glial inflammation occurs and is thought to contribute to the propagation of the disease, increased levels of Ang II and ACE have been detected...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760662/targeting-renin-angiotensin-system-against-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Abadi Kahsu Gebre, Birhanetensay Masresha Altaye, Tesfay Mehari Atey, Kald Beshir Tuem, Derbew Fikadu Berhe
Renin Angiotensin System (RAS) is a hormonal system that regulates blood pressure and fluid balance through a coordinated action of renal, cardiovascular, and central nervous systems. In addition to its hemodynamic regulatory role, RAS involves in many brain activities, including memory acquisition and consolidation. This review has summarized the involvement of RAS in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and the outcomes of treatment with RAS inhibitors. We have discussed the effect of brain RAS in the amyloid plaque (Aβ) deposition, oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, and vascular pathology which are directly and indirectly associated with AD...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753786/affinity-capillary-electrophoresis-for-studying-interactions-in-life-sciences
#5
REVIEW
Mais Olabi, Matthias Stein, Hermann Wätzig
Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) analyzes noncovalent interactions between ligands and analytes based on changes in their electrophoretic mobility. This technique has been widely used to investigate various biomolecules, mainly proteins, polysaccharides and hormones. ACE is becoming a technique of choice to validate high throughput screening results, since it is very predictively working in realistic and relevant media, e.g. in body fluids. It is highly recommended to incorporate ACE as a powerful analytical tool to properly prepare animal testing and preclinical studies...
May 10, 2018: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722834/effects-of-caloric-and-noncaloric-sweeteners-on-antroduodenal-motility-gastrointestinal-hormone-secretion-and-appetite-related-sensations-in-healthy-subjects
#6
Anne Christin Meyer-Gerspach, Jessica R Biesiekierski, Eveline Deloose, Egbert Clevers, Alessandra Rotondo, Jens F Rehfeld, Inge Depoortere, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Jan Tack
Background: Activation of gastrointestinal (GI) sweet taste receptors by caloric sweeteners triggers secretion of anorexigenic and inhibition of orexigenic GI hormones to regulate food intake. The effect of noncaloric sweeteners on these mechanisms is controversial. We have recently shown that motilin-induced gastric phase III contractions signal hunger feelings, thereby identifying GI motility, and its regulatory hormone motilin, as novel players in food intake regulation. Objective: The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of caloric and noncaloric sweeteners on GI motility, GI hormone secretion, and hunger in humans...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706566/fgf21-prevents-angiotensin-ii-induced-hypertension-and-vascular-dysfunction-by-activation-of-ace2-angiotensin-1-7-axis-in-mice
#7
Xuebo Pan, Yihui Shao, Fan Wu, Yuan Wang, Rongrong Xiong, Jujia Zheng, Haishan Tian, Baile Wang, Yanfang Wang, Yi Zhang, Zongsheng Han, Aijuan Qu, Haixia Xu, Aihua Lu, Tianxin Yang, Xiaokun Li, Aimin Xu, Jie Du, Zhuofeng Lin
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a metabolic hormone with pleiotropic effects on glucose and lipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity. However, the role of FGF21 in hypertension remains elusive. Here we show that FGF21 deficiency significantly exacerbates angiotensin II-induced hypertension and vascular dysfunction, whereas such negative effects are reversed by replenishment of FGF21. Mechanistically, FGF21 acts on adipocytes and renal cells to promote induction of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which in turn converts angiotensin II to angiotensin-(1-7), then inhibits hypertension and reverses vascular damage...
June 5, 2018: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673407/hypercalcemia-as-a-rare-presentation-of-angioimmunoblastic-t-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report
#8
Sana Chams, Inaya Hajj Hussein, Skye El Sayegh, Nour Chams, Khalid Zakaria
BACKGROUND: Angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma is a rare malignancy, accounting for only 2% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas, first described in the 1970s and subsequently accepted as a distinct entity in the current World Health Organization classification. Due to the paucity of this disease, there is still no identifiable etiology, no consistent risk factors, and the pathogenesis remains unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: An 83-year-old Caucasian man presented to an emergency department with palpitations and was found to have atrial fibrillation...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478671/encapsulation-protection-and-delivery-of-bioactive-proteins-and-peptides-using-nanoparticle-and-microparticle-systems-a-review
#9
REVIEW
David Julian McClements
There are many examples of bioactive proteins and peptides that would benefit from oral delivery through functional foods, supplements, or medical foods, including hormones, enzymes, antimicrobials, vaccines, and ACE inhibitors. However, many of these bioactive proteins are highly susceptible to denaturation, aggregation or hydrolysis within commercial products or inside the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Moreover, many bioactive proteins have poor absorption characteristics within the GIT. Colloidal systems, which contain nanoparticles or microparticles, can be designed to encapsulate, retain, protect, and deliver bioactive proteins...
March 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475233/associations-among-plasma-stress-markers-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-following-surgery
#10
Hyun-Bin Ju, Eun-Chan Kang, Dong-Wook Jeon, Tae-Hyun Kim, Jung-Joon Moon, Sung-Jin Kim, Ji-Min Choi, Do-Un Jung
OBJECTIVE: The objective of present study is to analyze the prevalence of depression and anxiety following breast cancer surgery and to assess the factors that affect postoperative psychological symptoms. METHODS: The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Body Image Scale (BIS), and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) were used to assess the psychological states of patients who had been diagnosed with and had undergone surgery for breast cancer...
February 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468912/hormone-treatments-in-congestive-heart-failure
#11
Lei Lei, Yuanjie Mao
The common ultimate pathological feature for all cardiovascular diseases, congestive heart failure (CHF), is now considered as one of the main public health burdens that is associated with grave implications. Neurohormonal systems play a critical role in cardiovascular homeostasis, pathophysiology, and cardiovascular diseases. Hormone treatments such as the newly invented dual-acting drug valsartan/sacubitril are promising candidates for CHF, in addition to the conventional medications encompassing beta receptor blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395178/early-post-therapy-prescription-drug-usage-among-childhood-and-adolescent-cancer-survivors
#12
Andrew B Smitherman, Danielle Mohabir, Tania M Wilkins, Julie Blatt, Hazel B Nichols, Stacie B Dusetzina
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patterns of prescription drug use among child and adolescent survivors of cancer in the early post-therapy period compared with matched peers without a cancer history. STUDY DESIGN: Using the MarketScan commercial insurance claims database, we performed a retrospective cohort study identifying survivors of pediatric (0-21 years of age at diagnosis) leukemia, lymphoma, central nervous system, bone, or gonadal cancers who completed therapy from 2000 to 2011 and remained insured for 3 years post-therapy...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360543/coupling-corticotropin-releasing-hormone-and-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-dampens-stress-responsiveness-in-male-mice
#13
Lei A Wang, Annette D de Kloet, Michael D Smeltzer, Karlena M Cahill, Helmut Hiller, Erin B Bruce, David J Pioquinto, Jacob A Ludin, Michael J Katovich, Mohan K Raizada, Eric G Krause
This study used mice to evaluate whether coupling expression of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) creates central interactions that blunt endocrine and behavioral responses to psychogenic stress. Central administration of diminazene aceturate, an ACE2 activator, had no effect on restraint-induced activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis; however, mice that ubiquitously overexpress ACE2 had reduced plasma corticosterone (CORT) and pituitary expression of POMC mRNA...
May 1, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358853/serum-levels-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-as-a-biomarker-of-liver-fibrosis
#14
EDITORIAL
Aline Silva Miranda, Ana Cristina Simões E Silva
The renin angiotensin system (RAS) is classically conceived as a circulating hormonal system involved in blood pressure control and hydroelectrolyte balance. The discovery that RAS components are locally expressed in a wide range of organs and tissues, including the liver, pointed to a role for this system in the pathogenesis of several conditions including hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis. It has been widely reported that the classical RAS axis composed by the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-angiotensin (Ang) II-Ang type 1 (AT1) receptor mediates pro-inflammatory, pro-thrombotic, and pro-fibrotic processes...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306478/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-is-related-to-profiles-indicating-volume-overload-poor-therapy-optimization-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-new-onset-and-worsening-heart-failure
#15
Jozine M Ter Maaten, Adriaan A Voors, Kevin Damman, Peter van der Meer, Stefan D Anker, John G Cleland, Kenneth Dickstein, Gerasimos Filippatos, Pim van der Harst, Hans L Hillege, Chim C Lang, Marco Metra, Gerjan Navis, Leong Ng, Wouter Ouwerkerk, Piotr Ponikowski, Nilesh J Samani, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Faiez Zannad, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Martin H de Borst
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 is a hormone that increases urinary phosphate excretion and regulates renal sodium reabsorption and plasma volume. We studied the role of plasma FGF23 in therapy optimization and outcomes in patients with new-onset and worsening heart failure (HF). METHODS: We measured plasma C-terminal FGF23 levels at baseline in 2399 of the 2516 patients included in the BIOlogy Study to Tailored Treatment in Chronic HF (BIOSTAT-CHF) trial...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285441/high-dose-vitamin-d-supplementation-precipitating-hypercalcemic-crisis-in-granulomatous-disorders
#16
Vijaya Sarathi, Hareeshababu Karethimmaiah, Amit Goel
Background: Vitamin D supplementation precipitating hypercalcemic crisis is often the first manifestation in patients with granulomatous disorders. Methods: We report our experience on patients presenting with hypercalcemic crisis due to granulomatous disorder and the role of Vitamin D supplementation in the precipitation of hypercalcemic crisis in them. Results: The study included five patients with granulomatous disorders who presented with hypercalcemic crisis...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162655/cardiovascular-effects-of-small-peptides-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system
#17
Patrícia L Moraes, Lucas M Kangussu, Luiz Gonzaga da Silva, Carlos H Castro, Robson A S Santos, Anderson J Ferreira
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a unique hormonal cascade which is composed by multiple enzymes and effector peptides. Recently, new peptides presenting biological activity have been discovered, increasing the complexity of the RAS Here, we evaluated the effects of small peptides of the RAS in coronary bed of rats. Firstly, we examined the direct effect of small angiotensinergic peptides [Angiotensin (Ang) -(1-5), Ang-(1-4) Ang-(1-3), and Ang-(1-2)] in coronary vessels. Noteworthy, it was observed that Ang-(1-4), Ang-(1-3), and Ang-(1-2) caused a significant reduction in pressure perfusion...
November 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161689/interactive-effectiveness-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-and-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-or-their-combination-on-survival-of-hemodialysis-patients
#18
Ryo Kido, Tadao Akizawa, Masafumi Fukagawa, Yoshihiro Onishi, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Does the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers individually or as a combination confer a survival benefit in hemodialysis patients? The answer to this question is yet unclear. METHODS: We performed a case-cohort study using data from the Mineral and Bone Disorder Outcomes Study for Japanese CKD stage 5D patients (MBD-5D), a 3-year multicenter prospective case-cohort study, including 8,229 hemodialysis patients registered from 86 facilities in Japan...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149676/high-salt-diet-decreases-reproductive-performance-in-rams-and-down-regulates-gene-expression-of-some-components-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system-in-the-testis
#19
Yi Fang, Rongzhen Zhong, Xuezhao Sun, Daowei Zhou
Although salt-tolerant plants can be used to combat dryland salinity, these plants contain high concentrations of salt (NaCl), which may have deleterious effects if fed to livestock. Twenty-four Merino rams (9 mo of age) with similar body weight were equally allocated to two groups and fed a normal- or high-salt diet (0.5 and 12% NaCl, respectively) for 3 mo. Rams fed the high-salt diet had lower live weight gains, higher water intake, smaller testes (466 ± 48.4 vs 604 ± 51.1 g) and reductions (P <0...
February 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080551/the-dexamethasone-corticotropin-releasing-hormone-test-in-healthy-and-depressed-women-with-and-without-childhood-adversity
#20
Carsten Spitzer, Christian Otte, Linn K Kuehl, Anita May, Katharina Schultebraucks, Julian Hellmann-Regen, Katja Wingenfeld
BACKGROUND: Alterations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis are a prominent finding in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Inconsistencies regarding a hyper- or hypoactive HPA axis may be explained by the moderating effect of childhood adverse experiences (ACE) which are associated with both HPA axis dysfunction and MDD in adulthood. We aimed to systematically disentangle the effects of ACE and MDD on HPA axis by comparing healthy women with and without childhood adversity and women with MDD with and without ACE...
January 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
keyword
keyword
58929
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"