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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060687/adult-acne-prevalence-and-portrayal-in-primary-healthcare-patients-in-the-greater-porto-area-portugal
#1
Diogo Semedo, Filipa Ladeiro, Mariana Ruivo, Carlos D'Oliveira, Filipa De Sousa, Mariana Gayo, Clara Lima, Frederico Magalhães, Rui Brandão, Maria Branco, Isabel Da Silva, Joana Batista, João Amado, António Massa, João Neves-Amado
INTRODUCTION: Though typically found in adolescents, acne frequently affects the adult population. In Portugal, no representative studies about acne prevalence in greater populational areas are known. This study had the following objectives: calculate acne prevalence in primary healthcare patients; its characteristics, including risk factors for onset and worsening; collect information concerning selfmedication and/or prescribed treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Application of a questionnaire and physical examination into a convenience sample, composed by adults from20 - 60 years old that visited, in random days, five primary healthcare centers of the Greater Porto area...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035217/the-possible-role-of-diet-in-the-pathogenesis-of-adult-female-acne
#2
REVIEW
Krystyna Romańska-Gocka, Magdalena Woźniak, Elżbieta Kaczmarek-Skamira, Barbara Zegarska
Acne in adults is a chronic, increasingly common disease, especially among women. It differs in pathogenesis and clinical presentation from adolescent acne. Acne in adults is associated with Western diet, defined as high consumption of milk, high glycemic load and high calorie intake. Metabolic signals of this diet result in a significant increase in insulin/insulin growth factor 1 serum level and consequently in the molecular interplay of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 kinase (mTORC1)/forkhead box protein 1 (FoxO1) mediated nutrient signaling, leading to increased proliferation of keratinocytes, increased lipogenesis and sebum production and finally to aggravation of acne...
December 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012211/derivation-and-validation-of-a-risk-scoring-model-to-predict-advanced-colorectal-neoplasm-in-adults-of-all-ages
#3
Hyo-Joon Yang, Sungkyoung Choi, Soo-Kyung Park, Yoon Suk Jung, Kyu Yong Choi, Taesung Park, Ji Yeon Kim, Dong Il Park
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little is known about how to include adults < 50 years in colonoscopy screening. This study aimed to derive a risk-scoring model incorporating laboratory indicators for metabolic risks to predict advanced colorectal neoplasia (ACN) in an asymptomatic Korean adults both younger and older than 50 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 70,812 consecutive adult recipients of a screening colonoscopy in a single health check-up center in Korea between 2003 and 2012 were enrolled...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968930/acne-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#4
Syril Keena T Que, Diane L Whitaker-Worth, Mary Wu Chang
Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicles that affects patients of all ages, from neonates to adults. We have compared and contrasted the clinical presentation of acne in neonates, infants, children, teenagers, and young adults and review the scenarios in which further systemic endocrine or hormonal tests are indicated. We also discuss age-dependent treatment considerations, including appropriate oral antimicrobial regimens and the proper dosing of isotretinoin in young children versus teenagers and adults...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968929/nutrition-and-skin-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#5
Meagen McCusker, Robert Sidbury
There has been a surge of new data regarding the pathophysiology of skin diseases. We are appreciating the sophisticated interplay among the skin, the immune system, and the environment. More elegant and highly specific medicines have been designed to target certain immune mediators of the adaptive immune system. In parallel fashion, we are learning more about the elegance of the innate immune system and how nutrition as early as the prenatal period can affect the priming of other immune cells. Concerns about the long-term impact of new immune-modulating medicines-especially in the pediatric population-have patients asking their dermatologists for nutritional alternatives to medical therapies...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968928/ethnic-skin-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#6
Lisa Y Shen, Brandi M Kenner-Bell, Janelle Ricketts, Roopal V Kundu
There are numerous skin conditions that occur commonly in children with ethnic skin, including vitiligo, progressive macular hypomelanosis, pityriasis alba, acne keloidalis nuchae, pseudofolliculitis barbae, and keloids. Though these conditions occur in both children and adults, children may have different patterns of clinical presentation and response to therapy. In caring for such patients, important treatment considerations include side effects of systemic medications and tolerability of invasive procedures...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921251/skin-manifestations-of-insulin-resistance-from-a-biochemical-stance-to-a-clinical-diagnosis-and-management
#7
REVIEW
Gloria González-Saldivar, René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Jorge Ocampo-Candiani, José Gerardo González-González, Minerva Gómez-Flores
Worldwide, more than 1.9 billion adults are overweight, and around 600 million people suffer from obesity. Similarly, ~382 million individuals live with diabetes, and 40-50% of the global population is labeled at "high risk" (i.e., prediabetes). The impact of these two chronic conditions relies not only on the burden of illnesses per se (i.e., associated increased morbidity and mortality), but also on their increased cost, burden of treatment, and decreased health-related quality of life. For this review a comprehensive search in several databases including PubMed (MEDLINE), Ovid EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted...
December 5, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904178/topical-steroid-awareness-and-abuse-a-prospective-study-among-dermatology-outpatients
#8
T S Nagesh, A Akhilesh
BACKGROUND: Topical steroids are one of the most commonly abused drugs. There are only a few studies available which have highlighted the severity of this problem in India. However, these studies have concentrated mainly on the topical steroid abuse and its side effects over the face. AIMS: The aim of this study was to know the awareness among the people about various commonly available topical steroids and their combinations irrespective of usage and to know the extent of misuse of these drugs...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897372/azelaic-acid-20%C3%A2-cream-effects-on-quality-of-life-and-disease-severity-in-adult-female-acne-patients
#9
Julius Thomas Kainz, Gabriele Berghammer, Piet Auer-Grumbach, Verena Lackner, Sylvia Perl-Convalexius, Rodica Popa, Barbara Wolfesberger
BACKGROUND: Data on the efficacy of acne treatments and their impact on quality of life (QoL) in adult patients is sketchy. OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the efficacy of azelaic acid 20 % cream (Skinoren(®) ) on acne severity and disease-related QoL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Noninterventional study in adult female patients with mild to moderate acne. Efficacy variables included DLQI and acne severity on the face, chest, and back using the Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) scale (grade 1 = nearly clear skin; 2 = mild acne; 3 = moderate acne)...
December 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869372/pathogenesis-and-clinical-presentation-of-rosacea-as-a-key-for-a-symptom-oriented-therapy
#10
M Reinholz, T Ruzicka, M Steinhoff, M Schaller, U Gieler, H Schöfer, B Homey, P Lehmann, T A Luger
Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory skin disorder that typically occurs in adults and affects the face. Synonyms of rosacea include "acne rosacea", "couperose" and "facial erythrosis", in German also "Kupferfinne" and "Rotfinne". The disorder is characterised by a chronic and flaring course and is caused by a genetically predisposed, multifactorial process. A higher incidence is seen in people with fair skin and a positive family history. The characteristic rosacea symptoms manifest primarily, but not exclusively centrofacially, with forehead, nose, chin and cheeks significantly affected...
December 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790756/adapalene-0-1-benzoyl-peroxide-2-5-gel-reduces-the-risk-of-atrophic-scar-formation-in-moderate-inflammatory-acne-a-split-face-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
B Dreno, J Tan, M Rivier, P Martel, R Bissonnette
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of current topical acne treatments in mitigating the potential for acne scarring is not known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of adapalene 0.1%/benzoyl peroxide 2.5% (A/BPO) gel compared to vehicle in reducing the risk of acne scarring. METHODS: Multicentre, randomized, investigator-blinded, vehicle-controlled, split-face study conducted over 6 months. Subjects were adults with active moderate facial acne vulgaris and at least 10 atrophic acne scars at baseline...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790755/analysis-of-korean-acne-patients-according-to-age-groups-based-on-two-multicenter-studies
#12
Mi Youn Park, Kyung Ho Kim, Hoon Kang, Young Chul Kye, Hyuck Hoon Kwon, Kwang Joong Kim, Nack In Kim, Myeung Nam Kim, Young Suck Ro, Seonguk Min, Kui Young Park, Margaret Song, Kyu Joong Ahn, Hyo Hyun Ahn, Mi Woo Lee, Weon Ju Lee, Jee Bum Lee, Yu Sung Choi, Dae Hun Suh
Along with increasing public concerns on acne and its complications, increasing treatment options seem to lead more acne patients to clinics globally, including Korea. The aim of the present study was to investigate the number and distribution of acne patients according to age group by analyzing number and age of outpatients from several general hospitals in Korea. Two retrospective multicenter studies including 14 general hospitals for a maximum of 10 years were conducted by medical chart review of acne patients...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749646/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-adolescent-male-students-in-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#13
Nagah M Abo El-Fetoh, Naif G Alenezi, Nasser G Alshamari, Omar G Alenezi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common cutaneous disorder affecting adolescents and young adults. Small, noninflamed acne lesions may not be more than a slight nuisance, but, in individuals with more severe inflammatory disease, pain, social embarrassment, and both physical and psychological scarring can be life altering. Despite its high prevalence, no previous community-based studies have been conducted in Arar, northern border of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, addressing this issue...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741552/adult-body-size-sexual-history-and-adolescent-sexual-development-may-predict-risk-of-developing-prostate-cancer-results-from-the-new-south-wales-lifestyle-and-evaluation-of-risk-study-clear
#14
Visalini Nair-Shalliker, Sarsha Yap, Carlos Nunez, Sam Egger, Jennifer Rodger, Manish I Patel, Dianne L O'Connell, Freddy Sitas, Bruce K Armstrong, David P Smith
Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common non-cutaneous cancer in men worldwide. The relationships between PC and possible risk factors for PC cases (n = 1,181) and male controls (n = 875) from the New South Wales (NSW) Cancer, Lifestyle and Evaluation of Risk Study (CLEAR) were examined in this study. The associations between PC risk and paternal history of PC, body mass index (BMI), medical conditions, sexual behaviour, balding pattern and puberty, after adjusting for age, income, region of birth, place of residence, and PSA testing, were examined...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738425/profile-of-skin-disorders-in-unreached-hilly-areas-of-north-india
#15
Deepak Dimri, Venkatashiva Reddy B, Amit Kumar Singh
Background. The pattern of skin morbidity in an area depends on climate, geography, socioeconomic status, nutrition, genetics, and habits of the community. Objective. The objective of the present study was to describe the morbidity profile of patients attending dermatology outpatient department in a tertiary care centre of Garhwal hills, North India. Methodology. This is a record based study carried out using the morbidity registers. Patient details, diagnosis, and treatment provided by physicians were documented in the morbidity register...
2016: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699861/pediatric-pyoderma-gangrenosum-a-retrospective-review-of-clinical-features-etiologic-associations-and-treatment
#16
Jennifer J Schoch, Stanislav N Tolkachjov, Jonathan A Cappel, Lawrence E Gibson, Dawn Marie R Davis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis rarely seen in children. Its features have not been well characterized in children. We sought to characterize the clinical features, etiologic associations, and treatment of PG in children younger than 18 years. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of children younger than 18 years with PG at the Mayo Clinic from January 1976 to August 2013. RESULTS: Thirteen children with PG were identified (n = 8; 62% female)...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688446/efficacy-of-intense-pulsed-light-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-facial-acne-vulgaris-comparison-of-two-different-fluences
#17
Monika V Patidar, Ashish Ramchandra Deshmukh, Maruti Yadav Khedkar
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common disease of the skin affecting adolescents and young adults causing psychological distress. The combination of antibiotic resistance, adverse effects of topical and systemic anti acne medications and desire for high tech approaches have all led to new enthusiasm for light based acne treatment. Intense pulse light (IPL) therapy has three modes of action in acne vulgaris i.e., photochemical, photo thermal and photo immunological. AIMS: (1) to study efficacy of IPL therapy in facial acne vulgaris...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626705/evaluation-of-intraoperative-glove-change-in-prevention-of-postoperative-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-infections-and-the-predictors-of-shunt-infection
#18
Asma Bashir, Preben Sørensen
BACKGROUND: We have previously suggested that surgical gloves could be a possible means for transferring microorganisms from skin flora to shunt material during surgery. The objectives of this study were to examine (1) whether the rate of shunt infections was reduced after introducing intraoperative glove change before handling the shunt material; (2) clinical presentation of shunt infections, microbiological data, and treatment management; and (3) predictors of shunt infections. METHODS: A retrospective study of 432 shunt operations in 295 adults was undertaken over a 7-year period...
September 14, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622389/should-hidradenitis-suppurativa-acne-inversa-best-be-renamed-as-dissecting-terminal-hair-folliculitis
#19
WenChieh Chen, Gerd Plewig
Hidradenitis suppurativa/acne inversa is a diverse, enigmatic and distressful disease that has aroused growing interest in specialists from different disciplines. Both names describe its classical manifestations in the intertriginous regions and reflect the historical view of the disease definition, but cause confusions in the understanding of its pathogenesis and classification. In light of the advance in clinical, histopathological and pathophysiological findings, we propose the term "dissecting terminal hair folliculitis" (DTHF) to characterize its disease nature as folliculitis instead of acneiform disease or apocrine gland disorder...
September 13, 2016: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603410/is-propionibacterium-acnes-related-to-disc-degeneration-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#20
Pedro Berjano, Jorge H Villafañe, Dario Lo Re, Maryem Ismael, Marco Damilano, Lucia Bertozzi, Carlo L Romanò, Lorenzo Drago
INTRODUCTION: To systematically review the evidence linking Propionibacterium acnes with the development of symptomatic degenerative disc disease. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Data were obtained from MEDLINE from their inception to October 2015. Two authors independently conducted the searches, extracted data and completed methodological quality assessments. Articles were included if they investigated the presence of P. acnes in symptomatic degenerative disc disease through intra- operative cultural examination...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
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