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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785134/the-impact-of-acne-and-facial-post-inflammatory-hyperpigmentation-on-quality-of-life-and-self-esteem-of-newly-admitted-nigerian-undergraduates
#1
Adeolu Oladayo Akinboro, Ogochukwu Ifeanyi Ezejiofor, Fatai Olatunde Olanrewaju, Mufutau Muphy Oripelaye, Olatunde Peter Olabode, Olugbenga Edward Ayodele, Emmanuel Olaniyi Onayemi
Background: Acne and facial post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are relatively common clinical conditions among adolescents and young adults, and inflict psychosocial injuries on sufferers. Objective: To document the psychosocial and self-esteem implications of acne and facial hyperpigmentation on newly admitted undergraduates. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 undergraduates. Demographics and clinical characteristics were obtained and acne was graded using the US Food and Drug Administration 5-category global system of acne classification...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760618/-demodex-spp-as-a-possible-aetiopathogenic-factor-of-acne-and-relation-with-acne-severity-and-type
#2
Ulviye Güvendi Akçınar, Emine Ünal, Funda Doğruman Al
Introduction: Acne is a very common skin disease in adolescents and young adults, but it also affects adults. However, its aetiology is not yet fully understood. Demodex appears to be associated with multiple skin disorders, but controversy persists. Some reports indicate a connection between acne vulgaris and demodicosis. Aim: To confirm the association between Demodex infestation and acne vulgaris. Material and methods: A total of 108 patients were enrolled in the acne group...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748107/green-bone-minocycline-induced-discoloration-of-bone-rarely-reported-in-foot-and-ankle
#3
Molly S Judge, J Michael Miller, Michael Lyons
The tetracycline antibiotics incorporate into bone similar to bisphosphonates. Tetracycline stains bone a fluorescent yellow and minocycline, more commonly used for chronic acne, stains bone dark green. Owing to its frequent use, the occurrence of green bone discoloration due to antibiotics in the tetracycline class is well understood. Its pigmentation can be seen through delicate, thin tissue as a dark blue-gray. Histologic inspection of this bone will confirm a benign condition without evidence of bone disease...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691143/a-low-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-diet-decreases-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-among-adults-with-moderate-and-severe-acne-a-short-duration-2-week-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jennifer Burris, James M Shikany, William Rietkerk, Kathleen Woolf
BACKGROUND: A high glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) diet may stimulate acne proliferative pathways by influencing biochemical factors associated with acne. However, few randomized controlled trials have examined this relationship, and this process is not completely understood. OBJECTIVE: This study examined changes in biochemical factors associated with acne among adults with moderate to severe acne after following a low GI and GL diet or usual eating plan for 2 weeks...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672809/sapho-and-crmo-the-value-of-imaging
#5
Anne Grethe Jurik, Rikke Fuglsang Klicman, Paolo Simoni, Philip Robinson, James Teh
The syndromes synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) constitute a group of chronic relapsing inflammatory osteoarticular disorders with frequently associated skin eruptions such as palmoplantar pustulosis and acne conglobata and rather characteristic imaging features in the form of osteitis and/or hyperostosis. CRMO predominantly occurs in children/adolescents and SAPHO in adults. Any skeletal site can be involved, and the imaging appearances vary, depending on the patient's age and the stage/age of the lesion...
April 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607496/enteral-nutritional-therapy-for-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#6
REVIEW
Neeraj Narula, Amit Dhillon, Dongni Zhang, Mary E Sherlock, Melody Tondeur, Mary Zachos
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids are often preferred over enteral nutrition (EN) as induction therapy for Crohn's disease (CD). Prior meta-analyses suggest that corticosteroids are superior to EN for induction of remission in CD. Treatment failures in EN trials are often due to poor compliance, with dropouts frequently due to poor acceptance of a nasogastric tube and unpalatable formulations. This systematic review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of exclusive EN as primary therapy to induce remission in CD and to examine the importance of formula composition on effectiveness...
April 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596638/the-multifaceted-presentation-of-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-a-series-of-486-cases-from-the-eurofever-international-registry
#7
Hermann Girschick, Martina Finetti, Francesca Orlando, Susanne Schalm, Antonella Insalaco, Gerd Ganser, Susan Nielsen, Troels Herlin, Isabelle Koné-Paut, Silvana Martino, Marco Cattalini, Jordi Anton, Sulaiman Mohammed Al-Mayouf, Michael Hofer, Pierre Quartier, Christina Boros, Jasmin Kuemmerle-Deschner, Denise Pires Marafon, Maria Alessio, Tobias Schwarz, Nicolino Ruperto, Alberto Martini, Annette Jansson, Marco Gattorno
Objectives: Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) or chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory disorder characterized by sterile bone osteolytic lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the demographic data and clinical, instrumental and therapeutic features at baseline in a large series of CNO/CRMO patients enrolled in the Eurofever registry. Methods: A web-based registry collected retrospective data on patients affected by CRMO/CNO...
March 27, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573271/a-study-of-skin-disease-spectrum-occurring-in-angola-phototype-v-vi-population-in-luanda
#8
David A De Luca, Ziv Maianski, Michael Averbukh
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of skin diseases in Luanda (Angola) is unknown, and publications are barely found in the literature. We aim to describe, for the first time, the frequency of skin disease spectrum in phototype V-VI Angolan population in Luanda City. METHODS: We included Fitzpatrick phototype V-VI Angolan patients who consulted the Dermatology Unit in Luanda Medical Center during a 1-year period. Medical information was recovered from the electronic database, and diagnoses were based on ICD-10...
March 24, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550775/nineteen-and-up-study-19up-understanding-pathways-to-mental-health-disorders-in-young-australian-twins
#9
Baptiste Couvy-Duchesne, Victoria O'Callaghan, Richard Parker, Natalie Mills, Katherine M Kirk, Jan Scott, Anna Vinkhuyzen, Daniel F Hermens, Penelope A Lind, Tracey A Davenport, Jane M Burns, Melissa Connell, Brendan P Zietsch, James Scott, Margaret J Wright, Sarah E Medland, John McGrath, Nicholas G Martin, Ian B Hickie, Nathan A Gillespie
PURPOSE: The Nineteen and Up study (19Up) assessed a range of mental health and behavioural problems and associated risk factors in a genetically informative Australian cohort of young adult twins and their non-twin siblings. As such, 19Up enables detailed investigation of genetic and environmental pathways to mental illness and substance misuse within the Brisbane Longitudinal Twin Sample (BLTS). PARTICIPANTS: Twins and their non-twin siblings from Queensland, Australia; mostly from European ancestry...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533307/does-continuous-video-eeg-in-patients-with-altered-consciousness-improve-patient-outcome-current-evidence-and-randomized-controlled-trial-design
#10
Andrea O Rossetti, Kaspar Schindler, Vincent Alvarez, Raoul Sutter, Jan Novy, Mauro Oddo, Loane Warpelin-Decrausaz, Stephan Rüegg
Continuous video-EEG is recommended for patients with altered consciousness; as compared to routine EEG (lasting <30 minutes), it improves seizure detection, but is time- and resource-consuming. Although North American centers increasingly implement continuous video-EEG, most other (including European) hospitals have insufficient resources. Only one study suggested that continuous video-EEG could improve outcome in adults, and recent assessments challenge this view. This article reviews current evidence on the added value for continuous video-EEG in clinical terms and describes a design for a prospective study...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530626/standardized-eeg-interpretation-in-patients-after-cardiac-arrest-correlation-with-other-prognostic-predictors
#11
Isabelle Beuchat, Daria Solari, Jan Novy, Mauro Oddo, Andrea O Rossetti
INTRODUCTION: Standardized EEG patterns according to the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society (ACNS) ("highly malignant", "malignant" and "benign") demonstrated good correlation with outcome after cardiac arrest (CA). However, this approach relates to EEGs after target temperature management (TTM), and correlation to other recognized outcome predictors remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between categorized EEG and other outcome predictors, during and after TTM, at different temperatures...
May 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472269/understanding-the-gender-gap-in-antibiotic-prescribing-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-english-primary-care
#12
David R M Smith, F Christiaan K Dolk, Timo Smieszek, Julie V Robotham, Koen B Pouwels
OBJECTIVES: To explore the causes of the gender gap in antibiotic prescribing, and to determine whether women are more likely than men to receive an antibiotic prescription per consultation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of routinely collected electronic medical records from The Health Improvement Network (THIN). SETTING: English primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who consulted general practices registered with THIN between 2013 and 2015...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462707/the-diagnostic-value-of-anti-mullerian-hormone-in-early-post-menarche-adolescent-girls-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#13
Pınar Kocaay, Zeynep Siklar, Sema Buyukfirat, Merih Berberoglu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism and chronic anovulation, which affects 5-10% of reproductive age females. Diagnosis of adult patients with PCOS is made easily with clinical and laboratory methods and the antimullerian hormone (AMH) level are accepted as a good indicator. However, there is still no complete consensus on the diagnosis of PCOS in adolescents. DESIGN: and Settings: Prospective cohort study, December 2013 to November 2014 PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted on adolescent girls with oligomenorrhea, with at least two years since menarche...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440921/adult-onset-acne-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#14
REVIEW
Marco A Rocha, Ediléia Bagatin
Acne is a multifactorial and inflammatory disease of pilosebaceous follicles, which affects most adolescents. Recent epidemiological data revealed a difference in adults affected by this disease. Women have a high prevalence and incidence when compared with men, especially after 25 years of age. In contrast to what was initially thought, most of these patients do not present endocrinopathy capable of leading to the development of the lesions. When present, polycystic ovarian syndrome is the main cause. However, in these cases, acne is rarely the only dermatological manifestation; hirsutism and acanthosis nigricans are often present...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435857/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-impact-of-acne-on-health-related-quality-of-life-hrql-development-of-a-conceptual-model
#15
Gabriella Fabbrocini, Sara Cacciapuoti, Giuseppe Monfrecola
INTRODUCTION: The negative impact of acne on aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQL) has been demonstrated in many quantitative studies; however, there has been relatively little qualitative research exploring the impact of acne and the use of topical treatment. The study aimed to explore the impact of moderate-severe acne on HRQL in adolescents and adults with inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions and to develop a conceptual model to illustrate the impact. In addition, the study aimed to identify the attributes of topical acne treatments that are most important for patients...
March 2018: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429448/acne-in-south-african-black-adults-a-retrospective-study-in-the-private-sector
#16
E Buchanan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410726/adult-acne-versus-adolescent-acne-a-retrospective-study-of-1-167-patients
#17
Nevena Skroza, Ersilia Tolino, Alessandra Mambrin, Sara Zuber, Veronica Balduzzi, Anna Marchesiello, Nicoletta Bernardini, Ilaria Proietti, Concetta Potenza
Background: Acne is predominantly known as a skin disorder of the adolescent population. However, current research indicates that the prevalence of adult patients with acne, especially among women, is increasing. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate differences between adults and teenagers with regard to acne prevalence, patient sex, acne severity, and quality of life. In adult patients, we considered differences in family history of acne, onset, and smoking habits. Design: We performed a retrospective study of a total of 1,167 patients with acne who attended our outpatient clinic from January 2008 to March 2015...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396061/anaerobic-bacterial-meningitis-in-adults
#18
Jun-Jun Lee, Chia-Yi Lien, Chun-Chih Chien, Chi-Ren Huang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chiung-Chih Chang, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Wen-Neng Chang
Anaerobic infection is a very uncommon condition in adult bacterial meningitis (ABM), and its clinical characteristics have yet to be clarified. We enrolled 540 patients with culture-proven bacterial meningitis during a study period of 30 years (1986-2015), of whom 13 (2.4%) had anaerobic infections. These 13 patients were eight men and five women, aged 22-77 years. Among them, 53.8% (7/13) had a postneurosurgical state as the preceding event, and 79.6% (10/13) had underlying medical conditions including diabetes mellitus, malignancy, liver cirrhosis, cerebral infarct and alcoholism...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369333/confocal-microscopy-in-adult-women-with-acne
#19
Louise Muguet Guenot, Morgane Vourc'h Jourdain, Mélanie Saint-Jean, Stéphane Corvec, Aurélie Gaultier, Amir Khammari, Marie Le Moigne, Aurélie Boisrobert, Charlotte Paugam, Brigitte Dréno
BACKGROUND: Acne is an inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicle, affecting 41-54% of adult women, with a particular form that involves the mandible. METHODS: We characterized infundibulum morphology in two groups of adult women using reflectance confocal microscopy. First, we investigated acne visually "healthy zones" on the forehead in 15 adult women with diffuse acne and compared with acne-free controls. We then compared healthy forehead and affected mandibular zone in 15 acne patients with mandibular involvement...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323690/premature-adrenarche
#20
Laura Novello, Phyllis W Speiser
Adrenarche is when a child's adrenal cortex starts to secrete adrenal androgen precursors. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is the most abundant product of the adrenal cortex, and is a weak androgen agonist thought to be responsible for the clinical signs of pubarche by conversion to more potent androgens, testosterone, and dihydrotestosterone. DHEA's extra-adrenal sulfation product, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, is a stable marker for adrenal androgenic activity. Pubarche is the physical manifestation of androgenic hormone production, and includes the development of pubic and axillary hair, adult body odor, and acne...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
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