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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919096/should-we-screen-for-vitamin-d-deficiency-grand-rounds-discussion-from-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center
#1
Howard Libman, Alan O Malabanan, Gordon J Strewler, Eileen E Reynolds
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently issued guidelines on screening for vitamin D deficiency. The guidelines were based on randomized trials of vitamin D deficiency screening and treatment, as well as on case-control studies nested within the Women's Health Initiative. The USPSTF concluded that current evidence is insufficient to assess the benefits and harms of screening for vitamin D deficiency in asymptomatic adults. Compared with placebo or no treatment, vitamin D was associated with decreased mortality; however, benefits were no longer seen after trials of institutionalized persons were excluded...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814825/the-effect-of-the-controversial-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendations-on-the-use-of-screening-mammography
#2
Richard E Sharpe, David C Levin, Laurence Parker, Vijay M Rao
PURPOSE: The 2009 release of updated US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening mammography differed sharply from those of the American Cancer Society, the ACR, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. The aim of this study was to ascertain the effect of these recommendations on the utilization of screening mammography in the Medicare population. METHODS: The Medicare Part B Physician/Supplier Procedure Summary Master Files from 2005 through 2010 were used to determine the annual utilization rate of screening mammography from 2005 to 2010...
November 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807905/similar-perspectives-on-prostate-cancer-screening-value-and-new-guidelines-across-patient-demographic-and-psa-level-subgroups-a-qualitative-study
#3
Melissa R Partin, Sarah E Lillie, Katie M White, Timothy J Wilt, Kristin L Chrouser, Brent C Taylor, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based prostate cancer screening for all men. OBJECTIVE: To inform educational materials addressing patient questions and concerns about the 2012 USPSTF guidelines, we sought to: (i) characterize patient perceptions about prostate cancer screening benefits, harms and recommendations against screening, and (ii) compare perceptions across race, age and PSA level subgroups...
November 2, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806217/the-paradox-of-authority-transformation-of-the-uspstf-under-the-affordable-care-act
#4
David Merritt Johns, Ronald Bayer
In early 2009, the drafters of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) agreed that as part of their insurance coverage Americans should have access to clinical preventive services without cost sharing. To avert demands for services of unclear effectiveness, they proposed that health plans should, at minimum,..
November 3, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806151/national-trends-in-prostate-biopsy-and-radical-prostatectomy-volumes-following-the-united-states-preventative-services-task-force-guidelines-against-prostate-specific-antigen-screening
#5
Joshua A Halpern, Jonathan E Shoag, Amanda S Artis, Karla V Ballman, Art Sedrakyan, Dawn L Hershman, Jason D Wright, Ya Chen Tina Shih, Jim C Hu
Importance: Studies demonstrate that use of prostate-specific antigen screening decreased significantly following the US Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation against prostate-specific antigen screening in 2012. Objective: To determine downstream effects on practice patterns in prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment following the 2012 USPSTF recommendation. Design, Setting, and Participants: Procedural volumes of certifying and recertifying urologists from 2009 through 2016 were evaluated for variation in prostate biopsy and radical prostatectomy (RP) volume...
November 2, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797121/change-in-mammography-use-following-the-revised-guidelines-from-the-u-s-preventive-services-task-force
#6
Jeannette Y Lee, Sharp F Malak, Vicki Suzanne Klimberg, Ronda Henry-Tillman, Susan Kadlubar
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended screening mammography every 1-2 years for women 40 years and older in 2002, and changed its recommendations in 2009 to no routine screening for women between 40 and 49 years of age; and biennial screening for women between 50 and 74 years of age. This study evaluates the change in mammographic use after the issuance of the revised recommendations. Women who participated in a cross-sectional study of breast cancer risk factors from 2007 to 2013 were asked if they had received a mammogram in the preceding 2 years...
October 31, 2016: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784102/primary-care-interventions-to-support-breastfeeding-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#7
Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Karina W Davidson, John W Epling, Francisco A R García, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael P Pignone
Importance: There is convincing evidence that breastfeeding provides substantial health benefits for children. However, nearly half of all US mothers who initially breastfeed stop doing so by 6 months, and there are significant disparities in breastfeeding rates among younger mothers and in disadvantaged communities. Objective: To update the 2008 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on primary care interventions to promote breastfeeding. Evidence Review: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to support breastfeeding on breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity...
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741522/the-influence-of-psa-autoantibodies-in-prostate-cancer-patients-a-prospective-clinical-study-ii
#8
Kosei Nakajima, Lance K Heilbrun, Daryn Smith, Victor Hogan, Avraham Raz, Elisabeth Heath
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has recommended against PSA-based screening for prostate cancer due to potential possibilities of false-results. Since no alternative test is available to replace it, we have initiated a trial with the purpose of establishing whether Galectin-3 (Gal-3) serum level and/or the patients' immune response to PSA and Gal-3 antigens could complement the PSA test as diagnostic tools for prostate cancer patients. A blind, prospective, single institution, pilot study was conducted...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723869/is-it-time-for-the-uspstf-to-inform-but-not-determine-coverage
#9
Virginia A Moyer, Michael LeFevre, Ned Calonge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684761/little-evidence-for-routine-visual-screening-for-skin-cancer-says-the-uspstf
#10
Gail M Pfeifer
The statement refers only to asymptomatic adults with no history of skin cancer.
October 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676369/primary-care-provider-and-patient-perspectives-on-lung-cancer-screening-a-qualitative-study
#11
Neeti M Kanodra, Charlene Pope, Chanita H Halbert, Gerard A Silvestri, LaShanta J Rice, Nichole T Tanner
RATIONALE: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for lung cancer screening in high-risk individuals. Preventive healthcare is provided predominantly by primary care providers (PCPs). Successful implementation of a screening program requires acceptance and participation by both providers and patients, with available collaboration with pulmonologists. OBJECTIVES: To identify perceptions of and perspectives on lung cancer screening and implementation among PCPs and eligible veteran patients at high risk for lung cancer...
November 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661651/practice-bulletin-no-168-cervical-cancer-screening-and-prevention
#12
(no author information available yet)
The incidence of cervical cancer in the United States has decreased more than 50% in the past 30 years because of widespread screening. In 1975, the rate was 14.8 per 100,000 women. By 2011, it decreased to 6.7 per 100,000 women. Mortality from the disease has undergone a similar decrease from 5.55 per 100,000 women in 1975 to 2.3 per 100,000 women in 2011 (1). The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimated that there would be 12,900 new cases of cervical cancer in the United States in 2015, with 4,100 deaths from the disease (2)...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661643/practice-bulletin-no-168-summary-cervical-cancer-screening-and-prevention
#13
(no author information available yet)
The incidence of cervical cancer in the United States has decreased more than 50% in the past 30 years because of widespread screening. In 1975, the rate was 14.8 per 100,000 women. By 2011, it decreased to 6.7 per 100,000 women. Mortality from the disease has undergone a similar decrease from 5.55 per 100,000 women in 1975 to 2.3 per 100,000 women in 2011 (1). The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimated that there would be 12,900 new cases of cervical cancer in the United States in 2015, with 4,100 deaths from the disease (2)...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646803/society-of-behavioral-medicine-supports-implementation-of-high-quality-lung-cancer-screening-in-high-risk-populations
#14
Karriem S Watson, Amanda C Blok, Joanna Buscemi, Yamile Molina, Marian Fitzgibbon, Melissa A Simon, Lance Williams, Kameron Matthews, Jamie L Studts, Sarah E Lillie, Jamie S Ostroff, Lisa Carter-Harris, Robert A Winn
The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) supports the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening of the chest for eligible populations to reduce lung cancer mortality. Consistent with efforts to translate research findings into real-world settings, SBM encourages health-care providers and health-care systems to (1) integrate evidence-based tobacco treatment as an essential component of LDCT-based lung cancer screening, (2) examine the structural barriers that may impact screening uptake, and (3) incorporate shared decision-making as a clinical platform to facilitate consultations and engagement with individuals at high risk for lung cancer about the potential benefits and harms associated with participation in a lung cancer screening program...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619938/compliance-with-uspstf-recommendations-on-aspirin-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-men
#15
Srikrishna Varun Malayala, Ambreen Raza
OBJECTIVE: In 2009, United States Preventive Services Taskforce (USPSTF) recommends aspirin (ASA) for men aged 45-79 years when the benefit of coronary artery disease (CAD) risk reduction outweighs the harm of gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Our objective is to evaluate compliance with this USPSTF recommendation. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study and 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) dataset was used for this study. Out of the available sample, 1155 (11...
November 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599331/screening-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#16
COMMENT
Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Linda Bauman, Karina W Davidson, John W Epling, Francisco A R García, Jessica Herzstein, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael P Pignone
IMPORTANCE: Tuberculosis remains an important preventable disease in the United States. An effective strategy for reducing the transmission, morbidity, and mortality of active disease is the identification and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) to prevent progression to active disease. OBJECTIVE: To issue a current US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for LTBI. EVIDENCE REVIEW: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on screening for LTBI in asymptomatic adults seen in primary care, including evidence dating from the inception of searched databases...
September 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589952/a-systematic-review-of-st-john-s-wort-for-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Eric A Apaydin, Alicia R Maher, Roberta Shanman, Marika S Booth, Jeremy N V Miles, Melony E Sorbero, Susanne Hempel
BACKGROUND: This systematic review evaluated St. John's wort (SJW) for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The objectives of this review are to (1) evaluate the efficacy and safety of SJW in adults with MDD compared to placebo and active comparator and (2) evaluate whether the effects vary by severity of MDD. METHODS: We searched PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, CENTRAL, Embase, AMED, MANTIS, Web of Science, and ICTRP and existing reviews to November 2014...
September 2, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575906/the-current-state-of-prostate-specific-antigen-testing
#18
Ryan Lewis, Brad Hornberger
Since prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing was approved in 1994, the incidence of metastasis and mortality from prostate cancer have significantly decreased. However, PSA screening for prostate cancer has limitations and few large randomized controlled trials have been conducted to determine the mortality benefit of PSA screening. Two studies that have been conducted are the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) screening trial and the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC)...
September 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569863/current-attitudes-and-practices-of-obesity-counselling-by-health-care-providers
#19
Christine Petrin, Scott Kahan, Monique Turner, Christine Gallagher, William H Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Relatively few patients receive obesity counselling consistent with the USPSTF guidelines, and many health care professionals (HCPs) are biased in their attitudes towards obesity management. METHODS: A national sample of family physicians, internists, OB/GYN physicians, and nurse practitioners (NPs) completed a web-based survey of beliefs, practice, and knowledge regarding obesity management. RESULTS: A majority of HCPs believe that it is both the patient's and the provider's responsibility to ensure that the patient is counselled about obesity...
August 25, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565101/uspstf-update-screening-for-abnormal-blood-glucose-diabetes
#20
Doug Campos-Outcalt
Screen all adults, ages 40 to 70 years, who are overweight or obese. Consider screening younger patients who have specific personal or family risk factors.
July 2016: Journal of Family Practice
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