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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623383/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-biotechnological-applications-of-eclipta-prostrata
#1
REVIEW
Ill-Min Chung, Govindasamy Rajakumar, Ji-Hee Lee, Seung-Hyun Kim, Muthu Thiruvengadam
Eclipta prostrata belongs to a family of medicinal plants (Asteraceae) and plays a role in the treatment of several diseases, including infectious hepatitis, snake venom poisoning, gastritis, and respiratory diseases such as a cough and asthma. A number of compounds, including thiophene derivatives, steroids, triterpenes, flavonoids, polyacetylenes, polypeptides, and coumestans, have been isolated from E. prostrata. The plant functional compounds can act as reducing agent in the field of nanoparticle synthesis...
June 16, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549866/venom-of-the-peruvian-snake-bothriopsis-oligolepis-detection-of-antibacterial-activity-and-involvement-of-proteolytic-enzymes-and-c-type-lectins-in-growth-inhibition-of-staphylococcus-aureus
#2
M A Sulca, C Remuzgo, J Cárdenas, S Kiyota, E Cheng, M P Bemquerer, M T Machini
There is a rising interest in snake venoms proteins (SVPs) because these macromolecules are related to pharmacological properties that manifest themselves during poisoning and can lead to secondary microbial infections. Interestingly, researchers have somehow neglected the antimicrobial activity of SVPs. The aims of this study were: (i) to verify whether the venom of the Peruvian snake Bothriopsis oligolepis displays such activity; (ii) to isolate and identify some of its antimicrobial constituents. Liquid growth inhibition assays revealed that the crude venom inhibited the growth of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, but not of Candida species...
May 23, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542227/health-beliefs-of-school-age-rural-children-in-podoconiosis-affected-families-a-qualitative-study-in-southern-ethiopia
#3
Abebayehu Tora, Getnet Tadele, Abraham Aseffa, Colleen M McBride, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested investigation of health beliefs in children to be an important pre-condition for primary prevention of disease. However, little effort has been made to understand these in the context of podoconiosis. This study therefore aimed to explore the health beliefs of school-age rural children in podoconiosis-affected families. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross sectional qualitative study was conducted in March 2016 in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540206/acute-kidney-injury-from-different-poisonous-substances
#4
Rubina Naqvi
AIM: To report our experience of acute kidney injury (AKI) developed after exposure to poisonous substance. METHODS: Retrospective study where data was collected from case records of patients coming to this institute during January 1990 to May 2016. This institution is a tertiary care center for renal care in the metropolitan city of Karachi, Pakistan. History of ingested substance, symptoms on presentation, basic laboratory tests on arrival, mode of treatment and outcome were recorded from all patients and are presented here...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444737/digest-know-your-poison-predictable-molecular-changes-confer-toxin-resistance-in-snakes
#5
Kalina T J Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349771/antivenom-for-european-vipera-species-envenoming
#6
REVIEW
Thomas Lamb, Luc de Haro, Davide Lonati, Miran Brvar, Michael Eddleston
BACKGROUND: European viper bite is relatively uncommon but can cause serious envenoming, particularly swelling and hemorrhage spreading from limb to trunk that can cause long term disability. Systemic features are relatively mild compared to many other venomous species. Moderate-to-severe envenoming requires antivenom, which is given many hundreds of times each year across the continent. Several Vipera spp antivenoms are produced in Europe, but there is little comparative information available for the antivenoms and none is licensed with the European Medicines Agency...
July 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300747/pathophysiology-of-dilatation-of-pupils-due-to-scorpion-and-snake-envenomation-and-its-therapeutic-value-clinical-observations
#7
Himmatrao S Bawaskar, Parag H Bawaskar, Pramodini H Bawaskar
Dilated nonreacting pupils are routinely taken as a sign of irreversible brain damage. Alpha-receptor stimulation (scorpion sting) and presynaptic acetylcholine receptor blocker (krait bite) may result in dilation of pupils without involvement of the brain. This study was aimed to clinically evaluate the response of pupils in scorpion sting and krait bite. Victims of scorpion sting and krait bite were chosen from Raigad district. Scorpion sting and krait bite cases were admitted to hospital and were clinically evaluated in detail regarding neurological manifestations...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178774/a-retrospective-review-of-rattlesnake-bites-in-100-children
#8
Norberto Sotelo-Cruz, Norberto Gómez-Rivera
BACKGROUND: A retrospective review of clinical features and treatment of children hospitalized for rattlesnake bite. METHODS: One hundred clinical records were reviewed. Variables included: age, gender, season of the year, signs, symptoms, poisoning grade, complications, treatment and sequelae. RESULTS: Fifty-nine percent were males and 37% were less than 5 years of age; 87% occurred in rural areas; 63% of the snakebites occurred during the summer, of them, 39% occurred within the perimeter of the domicile and 8% within the home...
April 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109304/traditional-use-and-perception-of-snakes-by-the-nahuas-from-cuetzalan-del-progreso-puebla-mexico
#9
Romina García-López, Alejandro Villegas, Noé Pacheco-Coronel, Graciela Gómez-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Indigenous cultures are the result of their adaptation to the natural surroundings, in such a way that, amongst their main features is a set of knowledge, technologies and strategies for the appropriation of nature. In Cuetzalan del Progreso, Puebla, Mexico snakes represent 71.1% of the total local herpetofauna; and in addition to this, different groups of Nahuas have shown to have information of their use of various snake species in many ways. This study was conducted to investigate the traditional uses of snakes in this cultural group...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056960/availability-of-essential-medicines-in-selected-public-primary-and-secondary-health-care-institutions-of-a-rural-sri-lankan-district-a-spot-survey
#10
Devarajan Rathish, Indika Premarathna, Thiwanka Jayathilake, Chathurika Kandegedara, Kalani Punchihewa, Lakmali Ananda, Thejani Bandara, Channa Jayasumana, Sisira Siribaddana
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the availability of essential medicines, in rural areas of countries with free state health care system, is scarce. Dependence on essential medicines among the population in rural sector is considered to be high. Assessing the availability of essential medicines in selected state owned primary and secondary health care institutions of a rural district will help to identify areas where improvement is needed. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study, covering selected five primary and one secondary care institutions of a rural Sri Lankan district, was conducted...
January 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994383/acute-carbolic-acid-poisoning-a-report-of-four-cases
#11
Prabhas Prasun Giri, Rajiv Sinha, Shalini Sikka, Saumen Meur
Phenol (carbolic acid) is one of the oldest antiseptic agents. Apart from being used in many commercially available products, in rural India, it is often used in the household to prevent snake infestation. We hereby present four cases of acute carbolic acid poisoning which we saw over the last monsoon. The cases highlight the multiple routes of absorption of carbolic acid as well as its multi-organ complications which often necessitate intensive care of local therapy decreases systemic phenol absorption from cutaneous exposure and may help in reducing severity...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940763/childhood-victims-of-snakebites-2000-2013
#12
Joann Schulte, Kristina Domanski, Eric Anthony Smith, Annelle Menendez, Kurt C Kleinschmidt, Brett A Roth
BACKGROUND: Snakebites are not a reportable condition (to state health departments), and 1 major assessment of US children with snakebites was published 50 years ago. Increasing urbanization, population shifts south and west, newer antivenom therapy, and the importation of exotic snakes may have changed snakebites. Poison control centers are often consulted on treatment and collect surveillance data. METHODS: Generic codes for venomous, nonvenomous, and unknown snakebites were used to characterize victims aged ≤18 years reported to US poison control centers between 2000 and 2013...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876196/clinically-significant-envenomation-from-postmortem-copperhead-agkistrodon-contortrix
#13
Michael P Emswiler, F Phillip Griffith, Kirk L Cumpston
Over 14,000 copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) bites were reported to United States poison centers between 1983 and 2008, and 1809 cases were reported to poison centers in 2014. The copperhead is primarily found in the southeastern United States and belongs to the pit viper subfamily Crotalinae, which also includes the water moccasin (Agkistrodon piscivorus) and rattlesnakes (Crotalus and Sistrurus genera). Postmortem rattlesnakes have been reported to cause clinically significant envenomation; we report a case of a postmortem copperhead causing clinically significant envenomation after inadvertent puncture with the deceased copperhead fang...
March 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731300/should-we-share-the-management-of-acute-life-threatening-medical-emergencies-on-the-telephone
#14
Himmatrao Saluba Bawaskar
Daily, I receive 3-4 social media messages regarding the diagnosis, management or clinical dilemmas of acute timelimiting medical emergencies due to snake bite and scorpion sting poisoning. I respond to the caller who has shared clinical signs and symptoms. I also follow up on the progress of the victim. I send pdf files of my publications on scorpion and snake bite.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604786/brown-tree-snake-boiga-irregularis-population-density-and-carcass-locations-following-exposure-to-acetaminophen
#15
Joshua B Smith, Kelsey L Turner, James C Beasley, Travis L DeVault, William C Pitt, Olin E Rhodes
Mass aerial delivery of dead mouse baits treated with acetaminophen has been evaluated as a means to reduce brown tree snake (Boiga irregularis) populations over large areas, increasing the likelihood of wide-scale eradication on Guam. Given the high density of snakes in some areas of their invasive range, eradication efforts could result in a resource pulse that may influence food web dynamics and the indirect transport of acetaminophen among trophic levels. We evaluated abundance, habitat type, and snake size (i...
October 2016: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555694/early-demographic-and-clinical-predictors-of-developing-acute-kidney-injury-in-snake-bite-patients-a-retrospective-controlled-study-from-an-indian-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-eastern-uttar-pradesh-india
#16
R R Singh, Dharmendra Uraiya, Anoop Kumar, Neeraj Tripathi
AIMS: This study was conducted retrospectively to define early demographic and clinical predictors for acute kidney injury (AKI) among snake bite patients at the time of hospital admission. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 138 cases with a poisonous snake bite. Patients were classified into two groups according to the presence and absence of AKI. The data regarding clinical features and demographic profile of these patients were collected from the hospital records in a prestructured pro forma and statistically compared...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522027/molecular-detection-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-snakes
#17
Vahid Nasiri, Shohreh Teymurzadeh, Gholamreza Karimi, Mehdi Nasiri
Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite, is responsible for one of the most common zoonotic parasitic diseases in almost all warm-blooded vertebrates worldwide, and it is estimated that about one-third of the world human population is chronically infected with this parasite. Little is known about the circulation of T. gondii in snakes and this study for the first time aimed to evaluate the infection rates of snakes by this parasite by PCR methods. The brain of 68 Snakes, that were collected between May 2012 and September 2015 and died after the hold in captivity, under which they were kept for taking poisons, were examined for the presence of this parasite...
October 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510510/a-comparative-analysis-of-sonic-defences-in-bombycoidea-caterpillars
#18
Veronica L Bura, Akito Y Kawahara, Jayne E Yack
Caterpillars have long been used as models for studying animal defence. Their impressive armour, including flamboyant warning colours, poisonous spines, irritating sprays, and mimicry of plant parts, snakes and bird droppings, has been extensively documented. But research has mainly focused on visual and chemical displays. Here we show that some caterpillars also exhibit sonic displays. During simulated attacks, 45% of 38 genera and 33% of 61 species of silk and hawkmoth caterpillars (Bombycoidea) produced sounds...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504597/emotional-memory-no-source-memory-without-old-new-recognition
#19
Raoul Bell, Laura Mieth, Axel Buchner
Findings reported in the memory literature suggest that the emotional components of an encoding episode can be dissociated from nonemotional memory. In particular, it has been found that the previous association with threatening events can be retrieved in aversive conditioning even in the absence of item identification. In the present study, we test whether emotional source memory can be independent of item recognition. Participants saw pictures of snakes paired with threatening and nonthreatening context information (poisonousness or nonpoisonousness)...
August 8, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442002/-a-rare-case-in-hand-surgery-adder-bite-in-an-index-finger
#20
T Jaehn, C Zunker, H Mägdefrau, B Reichert
The common European adder is an endangered animal species in Europe. Despite its endangerment, snake bite injuries do occur from time to time, even in Germany. This is a poisoning emergency. Detailed numbers concerning the incidence or lethality of adder bites in Germany do not exist. Only 13% of all cases have a severe course of disease, with children and elderly people prevailing in this patient group. We report the benign course of an adder bite injury of the index finger of a 60-year-old zoologist, which healed completely under symptomatic treatment and surveillance without any operative intervention...
August 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
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