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Allograft ligament

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772990/the-effects-of-meniscal-geometry-on-susceptibility-for-meniscal-and-acl-injury-in-non-arthritic-knees-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#1
Alexander Tejani, Qais Naziri, Preston W Grieco, Robert Pivec, Damon Greene, Bhaveen V Kapadia, Dipal Chatterjee, William P Urban
Prior studies have not found significant differences in meniscal parameters between patients with meniscal and ligamentous injury and those without. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such relationships exist. Clinical records and magnetic resonance images of three subject groups were reviewed. Group 1 solely had meniscal tears (medial/lateral), Group 2 had meniscal tears with concurrent ACL tears, and Group 3 had healthy knees. The mean age of subjects included was 35.9 years (range 8.2-72...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768019/does-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-affect-the-outcome-of-osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-a-matched-cohort-study-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-6-years
#2
Luís E P Tírico, Julie C McCauley, Pamela A Pulido, William D Bugbee
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the influence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction on the outcome of cartilage repair. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to investigate the association between ACL reconstruction and functional outcomes after osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation. The hypothesis was that patients treated with OCA transplantation who had a history of ACL reconstruction would have inferior clinical outcomes and lower osteochondral graft survivorship when compared with a matched group of patients undergoing OCA transplantation without a history of ACL reconstruction...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763336/adjustable-loop-femoral-cortical-suspensory-fixation-for-patellar-tendon-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-time-zero-biomechanical-comparison-with-interference-screw-fixation
#3
Dayne T Mickelson, Thomas Lefebvre, Ken Gall, Jonathan C Riboh
BACKGROUND: Adjustable-loop cortical buttons for femoral fixation of bone-tendon-bone grafts have potential advantages over interference screw fixation; however, these devices have not been benchmarked biomechanically against interference screws. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the time zero biomechanical properties of commercially available, adjustable-loop cortical button and metallic interference screws for femoral fixation of bone-tendon-bone grafts. It was hypothesized that no significant differences would be found in biomechanical properties between fixation techniques...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746150/biomechanical-comparison-of-anatomic-and-extra-anatomic-reconstruction-techniques-using-local-grafts-for-chronic-instability-of-the-acromioclavicular-joint
#4
Malo Le Hanneur, Andrew Thoreson, Damien Delgrande, Thibault Lafosse, Jean-David Werthel, Philippe Hardy, Bassem Elhassan
BACKGROUND: Anatomic reconstruction techniques are increasingly used to address cases of acromioclavicular (AC) joint chronic instability. These usually involve an additional surgical site for autograft harvesting or an allograft. PURPOSE: To describe a triple-bundle (TB) anatomic reconstruction using on-site autografts, the semiconjoint tendon (SCT) and the coracoacromial ligament (CAL), and compare its primary stability to the native AC joint ligamentous complex and to a modified Weaver-Dunn (WD) reconstruction...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741921/how-variable-are-achilles-allografts-used-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-biomechanical-study
#5
Alexander E Weber, Erik N Mayer, Amit Nathani, Dan X Chen, Anne M Kelly, Scott A Rodeo, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Allograft tendon used in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) requires sterilization before implantation. Low-dose gamma irradiation is a means of sterilization that may minimize tissue damage. PURPOSE: To quantify the variability in mechanical properties between low-dose irradiated Achilles tendon allografts used for ACLR. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: A total of 15 intact outer-third Achilles tendon allograft specimens were collected from the remains of full Achilles allografts used for intraoperative ACLR at a single hospital...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730213/comparative-matched-pair-analysis-of-keyhole-bone-plug-technique-versus-arthroscopic-assisted-pullout-suture-technique-for-lateral-meniscal-allograft-transplantation
#6
Yong Gon Koh, Yong Sang Kim, Oh Ryong Kwon, Dong Beom Heo, Dae Hyun Tak
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes and meniscal extrusion measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) between the keyhole bone-plug technique and arthroscopic-assisted pullout suture technique in lateral meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT). METHODS: Between October 2009 and February 2015, patients who underwent lateral MAT were retrospectively reviewed. The inclusion criteria were patients with symptomatic knees that had undergone total or subtotal meniscectomy who were treated with lateral MAT with a minimum follow-up period of 2 years...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730211/minimizing-graft-tunnel-mismatch-in-allograft-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-blumensaat-s-line-a-cadaveric-study
#7
Karim Meijer, Michael Saper, Patrick Joyner, Wei Liu, James R Andrews, Charles Roth
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of Blumensaat's line (BL) in predicting the tendinous graft length and tibial tunnel length (TTL) in an independent-tunnel anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using a bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) allograft. METHODS: Eighteen ACLRs were performed on cadaveric specimens using an anteromedial portal technique. All knees had no previous surgeries or deformities. Lateral knee radiographs of each specimen were taken prior to the ACLR, and BL was measured...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729759/editorial-commentary-when-is-too-small-too-small-allograft-augmentation-of-autologous-hamstring-grafts-during-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#8
EDITORIAL
Kyle R Duchman, William E Garrett
Soft tissue allograft augmentation of small hamstring autografts, so-called hybrid grafts, has been proposed as an option during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R). However, notable concerns exist with both small autograft use and allograft use during ACL-R, particularly in young, active patients. We currently choose to augment hamstring autografts with diameters <8.0 mm, adding only enough allograft to create a hybrid graft with an overall diameter no larger than 8.5 mm. Based on the available evidence, surgeons continue to seek the tipping point where the benefit of additional allograft tissue exceeds the consequence of its use...
May 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728834/graft-sources-do-not-affect-to-the-outcome-of-transtibial-posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#9
Yong Seuk Lee, Seung Hoon Lee, O-Sung Lee
INTRODUCTION: Despite numerous published reports on posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction in the past 30 years, the ideal graft source remains unclear, and few objective scientific data have been published that thoroughly evaluate the long-term outcomes according to the graft source. We, therefore, conducted a systematic review of available high-quality comparative studies that evaluated clinical and objective stability testing to compare the different graft sources for PCL reconstruction...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726793/sublaminar-fixation-for-traumatic-lumbar-fracture-subluxation-with-lateral-listhesis-in-a-2-year-old-patient
#10
Daniel S Yanni, Aurora S Cruz, Alexander Y Halim, Amandip S Gill, Michael G Muhonen, Robert F Heary, Ira M Goldstein
Pediatric spinal trauma can present a surgeon with difficult management decisions given the rarity of these cases, pediatric anatomy, and a growing spine. The need to stabilize a traumatically unstable pediatric spine can be an operative challenge given the lack of instrumentation available. The authors present a surgical technique and an illustrative case that may offer a novel, less disruptive method of stabilization. A 2-year-old girl presented after an assault with an L1-2 fracture subluxation with lateral listhesis and fractured jumped facets exhibited on CT scans...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724252/synthetic-versus-autologous-reconstruction-syn-var-of-the-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Adam Tucker, Sam McMahon, Bronwyn McArdle, Bridgeen Rutherford, Danny Acton
BACKGROUND: Recurrent patellar instability incidence is 5.8/100,000 population, and recurrent dislocations are reported in the range of 15-80%. Recurrent instability is multifactorial and can be associated with disorder of limb alignment, osseous development, congruity of the patella in the trochlea and soft tissue static and dynamic constraints. The multifactorial aetiology makes management challenging, and a lack studies in a heterogeneous population with robust clinical outcomes compounds this further...
May 3, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722768/acl-allograft-advantages-and-when-to-use
#12
Matthew J Brown, Thomas Carter
It is commonly recommended to reconstruct a torn anterior cruciate ligament in active patients; however, there is no consensus concerning the tissue source to use for the reconstruction. Bone-patellar tendon-bone and hamstring (semitendinosis +/- gracilis) autografts are most commonly used, with allografts being another option. Each tissue has its pros and cons, with allografts often cited as having higher failure rates. However, review of the literature comparing autografts and allografts have showed similar outcomes in age-matched adult populations...
June 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705749/quadriceps-tendon-autograft-for-arthroscopic-knee-ligament-reconstruction-use-it-now-use-it-often
#13
REVIEW
Andrew J Sheean, Volker Musahl, Harris S Slone, John W Xerogeanes, Danko Milinkovic, Christian Fink, Christian Hoser
Traditional bone-patellar tendon-bone and hamstring tendon ACL grafts are not without limitations. A growing body of anatomic, biomechanical and clinical data has demonstrated the utility of quadriceps tendon autograft in arthroscopic knee ligament reconstruction. The quadriceps tendon autograft provides a robust volume of tissue that can be reliably harvested, mitigating the likelihood of variably sized grafts and obviating the necessity of allograft augmentation. Modern, minimally invasive harvest techniques offer the advantages of low rates of donor site morbidity and residual extensor mechanism strength deficits...
April 28, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675501/does-donor-age-of-nonirradiated-achilles-tendon-allograft-influence-mid-term-results-of-revision-acl-reconstruction
#14
Stefano Zaffagnini, Tommaso Roberti di Sarsina, Tommaso Bonanzinga, Marco Nitri, Luca Macchiarola, Federico Stefanelli, Gianandrea Lucidi, Alberto Grassi
Purpose  The purpose of the present study was to investigate if the donor age of nonirradiated Achilles tendon allograft could influence the clinical results of revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Methods  All patients that underwent ACL revision between 2004 and 2008 with at least 4 years of follow-up were included. For all the patients that met the inclusion criteria, the age of the graft donor was obtained from the tissue bank. Lysholm score was administered to patients that met inclusion criteria...
March 2018: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628810/rehabilitation-of-tibial-plateau-fracture-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-report
#15
Ali Rabatsky, John D Lockenour
Objective: The purpose of this case report was to describe the management of a tibial plateau fracture in a patient who had undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction 3.5 years earlier. Clinical Features: A 36-year-old man presented with pain and edema following a fall from a height of approximately 2 m while skateboarding. The patient reported having undergone arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with allograft and bioabsorbable screws 3.5 years earlier...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593980/anatomic-posterolateral-corner-reconstruction-with-autografts
#16
Carlos Eduardo Franciozi, Leonardo José Bernardes Albertoni, Guilherme Conforto Gracitelli, Fernando Cury Rezende, Luiz Felipe Ambra, Fábio Pacheco Ferreira, Marcelo Seiji Kubota, Sheila Jean McNeil Ingham, Marcus Vinícius Malheiros Luzo, Moisés Cohen, Rene Jorge Abdalla
Anatomic posterolateral corner reconstruction reproduces 3 main structures: the lateral collateral ligament, the popliteofibular ligament, and the popliteus tendon. The LaPrade technique reproduces all 3 main stabilizers. However, it requires a long graft, limiting its indication to clinical settings in which allograft tissue is available. We propose a surgical procedure that is a modification of the LaPrade technique using the same tunnel placement, hamstring autografts, and biceps augmentation when necessary...
February 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578751/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-performance-of-tissue-engineered-tendons-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Kwang Il Lee, Jung Soo Lee, Kyoung Tak Kang, Young Bock Shim, Young Sik Kim, Ju Woong Jang, Seong Hwan Moon, Darryl D D'Lima
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is the current standard of care for ACL tears. However, the results are not consistently successful; autografts or allografts have certain disadvantages; and synthetic grafts have had poor clinical results. PURPOSE: To determine if recellularization of decellularized tendons combined with mechanical stimulation in a bioreactor could replicate the mechanical properties of the native ACL and be successfully used for ACL reconstruction in vivo...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574546/graft-bending-angle-affects-allograft-tendon-maturity-early-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#18
Linhai Chen, Yibing Wu, Guanghao Lin, Peng Wei, Zaohui Ye, Yangjian Wang, Tiantian Ren
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clarify the association of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft bending angle and graft maturity of autograft and allograft tendons using high-resolution MRI. METHODS: Patients with unilateral ACL reconstruction were invited to participate in this study, and they were examined using a 3.0-T MRI scan at 3, 6 and 12 months after the operation. Anatomic single-bundle ACL reconstruction was performed on 48 patients using the trans-portal technique, including 28 with autograft hamstring tendons and 20 with allograft tendons...
March 24, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574451/patient-demographic-and-surgical-characteristics-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-description-of-registries-from-six-countries
#19
Heather A Prentice, Martin Lind, Caroline Mouton, Andreas Persson, Henrik Magnusson, Ayman Gabr, Romain Seil, Lars Engebretsen, Kristian Samuelsson, Jon Karlsson, Magnus Forssblad, Fares S Haddad, Tim Spalding, Tadashi T Funahashi, Liz W Paxton, Gregory B Maletis
OBJECTIVE: Findings from individual anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) registry studies are impactful, but how various registries from different countries compare with different patient populations and surgical techniques has not been described. We sought to describe six ACLR registry cohorts to understand variation across countries. METHODS: Five European registries and one US registry participated. For each registry, all primary ACLR registered between registry establishment through 31December 2014 were identified...
March 24, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564211/complex-knee-injuries-treated-in-acute-phase-long-term-results-using-ligament-augmentation-and-reconstruction-system-artificial-ligament
#20
John Gliatis, Konstantinos Anagnostou, Pantelis Tsoumpos, Evdokia Billis, Maria Papandreou, Spyridon Plessas
AIM: To present the long-term results of complex knee injuries, treated early using the Ligament Augmentation and Reconstruction System (LARS) artificial ligament to reconstruct posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). METHODS: From September 1997 to June 2010, thirty-eight complex knee injuries were treated, where early arthroscopic PCL reconstructions were undergone, using the LARS (Surgical Implants and Devices, Arc-sur-Tille, France) artificial ligament. Exclusion criteria were: Late (> 4 wk) reconstruction, open technique, isolated PCL reconstruction, knee degenerative disease, combined fracture or vascular injury and use of allograft or autograft for PCL reconstruction...
March 18, 2018: World Journal of Orthopedics
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