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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244838/muscle-function-in-glenohumeral-joint-stability-during-lifting-task
#1
Yoann Blache, Mickaël Begon, Benjamin Michaud, Landry Desmoulins, Paul Allard, Fabien Dal Maso
Ensuring glenohumeral stability during repetitive lifting tasks is a key factor to reduce the risk of shoulder injuries. Nevertheless, the literature reveals some lack concerning the assessment of the muscles that ensure glenohumeral stability during specific lifting tasks. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the stabilization function of shoulder muscles during a lifting task. Kinematics and muscle electromyograms (n = 9) were recorded from 13 healthy adults during a bi-manual lifting task performed from the hip to the shoulder level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243461/physicians-working-conditions-health-and-working-capacity
#2
Marko Elovainio, Marianna Virtanen, Tuula Oksanen
Changes in the working environment will also influence the work of physicians. The greatest of these changes on the Finnish scale, the SOTE reform (the reform in social welfare and public health services), still lies ahead. Labor shortage, on-call duties and patient record systems providing little support to work add to the burden. In surveys related to psychosocial working conditions, physicians' greatest work load factors have been rush, forced working pace and poor communication despite the fact that, on average, they consider their working conditions to be good, frequently better than those of other professional groups, and are committed to carry on with their work until retirement age...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242994/selective-effects-of-different-fatigue-protocols-on-the-function-of-upper-body-muscles-assessed-through-the-force-velocity-relationship
#3
Amador García-Ramos, Alejandro Torrejón, Belén Feriche, Antonio J Morales-Artacho, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Paulino Padial, Slobodan Jaric
PURPOSE: This study explored the feasibility of the force-velocity relationship (F-V) to detect the acute effects of different fatigue protocols on the selective changes of the maximal capacities of upper body muscles to produce force, velocity, and power. METHODS: After determining the bench press one-repetition maximum (1RM), participants' F-V relationships were assessed during the bench press throw exercise on five separate sessions after performing one of the following fatiguing protocols: 60%1RM failure, 60%1RM non-failure, 80%1RM failure, 80%1RM non-failure, and no-fatigue...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242671/in-patients-suspected-of-cognitive-decline-what-is-the-most-accurate-in-office-screening-instrument-to-determine-if-there-is-dementia-needing-further-evaluation-and-management
#4
Jamie Quitoriano, Robert M Hamm
While screening for dementia in patients without symptoms is not recommended by the United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF), screening in those presenting with symptoms may help patients and caregivers prepare for the future. When selecting which screening tool to use in a primary care office, one needs to consider practicality, feasibility, applicability, and psychometric properties. The MIS, MiniCog, PhotoTest, and GPCOG have been found to have short administration times, good accuracy, and applicability for a broad range of patient education and backgrounds...
September 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242370/striving-to-achieve-an-integrated-home-dialysis-system-a-report-from-the-ontario-renal-network-home-dialysis-attrition-task-force
#5
Brendan B McCormick, Christopher T Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242258/ers-statement-interventional-bronchoscopy-in-children
#6
Ernst Eber, Juan L Antón-Pacheco, Jacques de Blic, Iolo Doull, Al Faro, Raffaella Nenna, Thomas Nicolai, Petr Pohunek, Kostas N Priftis, Paola Serio, Courtney Coleman, Sarah Masefield, Thomy Tonia, Fabio Midulla
Paediatric airway endoscopy is accepted as a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure, with an expanding number of indications and applications in children. The aim of this European Respiratory Society task force was to produce a statement on interventional bronchoscopy in children, describing the evidence available at present and current clinical practice, and identifying areas deserving further investigation. The multidisciplinary task force panel performed a systematic review of the literature, focusing on whole lung lavage, transbronchial and endobronchial biopsy, transbronchial needle aspiration with endobronchial ultrasound, foreign body extraction, balloon dilation and occlusion, laser-assisted procedures, usage of airway stents, microdebriders, cryotherapy, endoscopic intubation, application of drugs and other liquids, and caregiver perspectives...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242106/the-effects-of-dopaminergic-d2-like-receptor-stimulation-upon-behavioral-and-neural-correlates-of-renewal-depend-on-individual-context-processing-propensities
#7
Silke Lissek, Benjamin Glaubitz, Anne Klass, Martin Tegenthoff
Renewal is defined as the recovery of an extinguished response when the contexts of extinction and recall differ. Prominent hippocampal activity during context-related extinction can predict renewal. Dopaminergic antagonism during extinction learning impaired extinction and reduced hippocampal activation, without affecting renewal. However, to what extent dopaminergic stimulation during extinction influences hippocampal processing and renewal is as yet unknown. In this fMRI study, we investigated the effects of the dopamine D2-like agonist bromocriptine upon renewal in an associative learning task, in hippocampus and ventromedial PFC...
December 11, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241721/screening-for-alcohol-misuse-practices-among-u-s-primary-care-providers-docstyles-2016
#8
Cheryl H Tan, Daniel W Hungerford, Clark H Denny, Lela R McKnight-Eily
INTRODUCTION: Excessive alcohol use is associated with car crashes, violence, and multiple disease conditions, including fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care providers screen all adults and conduct brief counseling interventions with those who misuse alcohol. The USPSTF prefers use of three screening tools that measure alcohol consumption (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption, and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Single Question) because these tools detect the full spectrum of alcohol misuse in adults...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241717/provider-discussions-of-genetic-tests-with-u-s-women-at-risk-for-a-brca-mutation
#9
Leland E Hull, Jennifer S Haas, Steven R Simon
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care providers screen unaffected women with a family history of BRCA mutation-associated cancers, but without a personal history of BRCA-related cancer, for referral to genetic counseling and potential genetic testing. METHODS: The 2015 National Health Interview Survey was analyzed in January 2017 to determine the rates at which unaffected adult women with a positive family history of BRCA-related cancers, assessed using the Family History Screen-7, reported discussing genetic testing with a provider, using genetic counseling services, and having genetic testing for increased cancer risk...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241415/biomechanically-determined-hand-force-limits-protecting-the-low-back-during-occupational-pushing-and-pulling-tasks
#10
Eric B Weston, Alexander Aurand, Jonathan S Dufour, Gregory G Knapik, William S Marras
Though biomechanically-determined guidelines exist for lifting, existing recommendations for pushing and pulling were developed using a psychophysical approach. The current study aimed to establish objective hand force limits based on the results of a biomechanical assessment of the forces on the lumbar spine during occupational pushing and pulling activities. Sixty-two subjects performed pushing and pulling tasks in a laboratory setting. An electromyography-assisted biomechanical model estimated spinal loads, while hand force and turning torque were measured via hand transducers...
December 15, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241033/the-elimination-of-positive-priming-with-increasing-prime-duration-reflects-a-transition-from-perceptual-fluency-to-disfluency-rather-than-bias-against-primed-words
#11
Kevin W Potter, Chris Donkin, David E Huber
With immediate repetition priming of forced choice perceptual identification, short prime durations produce positive priming (i.e., priming the target leads to higher accuracy, while priming the foil leads to lower accuracy). Many theories explain positive priming following short duration primes as reflecting increased perceptual fluency for the primed target (i.e., decreased identification latency). However, most studies only examine either accuracy or response times, rather than considering the joint constraints of response times and accuracy to properly address the role of decision biases and response caution...
December 11, 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240847/characterizing-hospitalist-practice-and-perceptions-of-critical-care-delivery
#12
Joseph R Sweigart, David Aymond, Alfred Burger, Andy Kelly, Nick Marzano, Thomas McIlraith, Peter Morris, Mark V Williams, Eric M Siegal
BACKGROUND: Intensivist shortages have led to increasing hospitalist involvement in critical care delivery. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the practice of hospitalists practicing in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. DESIGN: Survey of hospital medicine physicians. SETTING: This survey was conducted as a needs assessment for the ongoing efforts of the Critical Care Task Force of the Society of Hospital Medicine Education Committee...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240561/version-3-of-the-alzheimer-disease-centers-neuropsychological-test-battery-in-the-uniform-data-set-uds
#13
Sandra Weintraub, Lilah Besser, Hiroko H Dodge, Merilee Teylan, Steven Ferris, Felicia C Goldstein, Bruno Giordani, Joel Kramer, David Loewenstein, Dan Marson, Dan Mungas, David Salmon, Kathleen Welsh-Bohmer, Xiao-Hua Zhou, Steven D Shirk, Alireza Atri, Walter A Kukull, Creighton Phelps, John C Morris
INTRODUCTION: The neuropsychological battery of the Uniform Data Set (UDSNB) was implemented in 2005 by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) Alzheimer Disease Centers program to measure cognitive performance in dementia and mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer Disease. This paper describes a revision, the UDSNB 3.0. METHODS: The Neuropsychology Work Group of the NIA Clinical Task Force recommended revisions through a process of due diligence to address shortcomings of the original battery...
December 13, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240042/range-of-motion-limitations-of-the-upper-body-in-obese-female-workers
#14
Nicola Cau, Veronica Cimolin, Luisa Brugliera, Giuseppe Ventura, Manuela Galli, Paolo Capodaglio
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide, and the economic consequences of an increased percentage of obese workers are relevant in terms of health costs and absences from work. Obesity is associated with reduced participation in the workforce, increased absence from work, disability and health costs, lower salaries and reduced productivity. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at quantifying the limitations in range of motion (ROM) of the upper limb and the trunk of obese workers during basic occupational tasks...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239993/hypoxia-during-resistance-exercise-does-not-affect-physical-performance-perceptual-responses-or-neuromuscular-recovery
#15
Brendan R Scott, Katie M Slattery, Dean V Sculley, Ben J Dascombe
This study aimed to determine whether performing resistance exercise in hypoxia affects markers of physical performance, perceptual responses, and neuromuscular function. Fourteen male subjects (age: 24.6 ± 2.7 yr; height: 179.7 ± 5.9 cm; body mass: 84.6 ± 11.6 kg) with >2 years resistance training experience performed moderate-load resistance exercise in two conditions; normoxia (FIO2 = 0.21) and hypoxia (FIO2 = 0.16). Resistance exercise comprised 3 sets of 10 repetitions of back squats and deadlifts at 60% of 1RM, with 60s inter-set rest...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239957/american-college-of-surgeons-children-s-surgery-verification-quality-improvement-program-what-anesthesiologists-need-to-know-now
#16
Melissa Brooks Peterson, Constance S Houck, Jayant K Deshpande, Randall P Flick
A task force of pediatric surgical specialists with the support of The American College of Surgeons recently launched a verification program for pediatric surgery, the Children's Surgery Verification quality improvement program, with the goal of improving pediatric surgical, procedural, and perioperative care. Included in this program are specific standards for the delivery of pediatric anesthesia care across a variety of practice settings. We review the background, available evidence, requirements for verification, and verification process and its implications for the practice of pediatric anesthesia across the country...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238680/diagnostic-accuracy-of-nasal-endoscopy-as-compared-to-computed-tomography-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#17
Nitin V Deosthale, Sonali P Khadakkar, Vivek V Harkare, Priti R Dhoke, Kanchan S Dhote, Asha Jadia Soni, Ashwini B Katke
The study was done with the aims to evaluate the accuracy of nasal endoscopy as compared to computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and to evaluate the correlation between Endoscopy Score and CT Score. It was a cross sectional study. Every consecutive, symptomatic patient of CRS who fulfilled the criteria of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Task Force were included in the study. Rigid diagnostic nasal endoscopy (DNE) was done and Lund-Kennedy scoring system was used...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234901/upper-limb-function-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#18
Elizabeth Hotham, Miranda Haberfield, Susan Hillier, Jason M White, Gabrielle Todd
Upper limb function was investigated in children with ADHD using objective methods. We hypothesised that children with ADHD exhibit abnormal dexterity, force application during manipulation of a novel object, and movement rhythmicity. Two groups of age- and gender-matched children were investigated: 35 typically developing children (controls, 10.5 ± 0.4 years, 32M-3F) and 29 children (11.5 ± 0.5 years, 27M-2F) with formally diagnosed ADHD according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Participants underwent a series of screening tests and tests of upper limb function while "off" medication...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234814/hormone-therapy-for-the-primary-prevention-of-chronic-conditions-in-postmenopausal-women-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#19
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Menopause occurs at a median age of 51.3 years, and the average US woman who reaches menopause is expected to live another 30 years. The prevalence and incidence of most chronic conditions, such as coronary heart disease, dementia, stroke, fractures, and breast cancer, increase with age; however, the excess risk for these conditions that can be attributed to menopause alone is uncertain. Since the publication of findings from the Women's Health Initiative that hormone therapy use is associated with serious adverse health effects in postmenopausal women, use of menopausal hormone therapy has declined...
December 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234813/hormone-therapy-for-the-primary-prevention-of-chronic-conditions-in-postmenopausal-women-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#20
Gerald Gartlehner, Sheila V Patel, Cynthia Feltner, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Rachel Long, Kelly Mullican, Erin Boland, Linda Lux, Meera Viswanathan
Importance: Postmenopausal status coincides with increased risks for chronic conditions such as heart disease, osteoporosis, cognitive impairment, or some types of cancers. Previously, hormone therapy was used for the primary prevention of these chronic conditions. Objective: To update evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force on the benefits and harms of hormone therapy in reducing risks for chronic conditions. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and trial registries from June 1, 2011, through August 1, 2016...
December 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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