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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668190/bedsharing-at-home-breastfeeding-and-sudden-infant-death-recommendations-for-health-professionals
#1
Alejandro Jenik, Roxana Conti
The Sudden and Unexpected Infant Death Task Force together with the Subcommittee on Breastfeeding of the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría have issued updated recommendations on bedsharing with the parents, a practice which remains controversial. Sleeping with the mother maximizes breastfeeding, which is protective against Sudden Infant Death. There is a small group of infants that have been associated with an increased risk of Sudden Infant Death and fatal sleeping accidents in certain circumstances. These hazards include parental smoking, sedating drugs or medication and alcohol consumption prior to sleep and sofa sharing situations...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667844/lower-extremity-biomechanics-during-a-drop-vertical-jump-in-participants-with-or-without-chronic-ankle-instability
#2
C Collin Herb, Kaitlyn Grossman, Mark A Feger, Luke Donovan, Jay Hertel
CONTEXT:   Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a condition characterized by range-of-motion, neuromuscular, and postural-control deficits and subjective disability, reinjury, and posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Differences have been reported in kinematics, kinetics, surface electromyography (EMG), and ground reaction forces during functional tasks performed by those with CAI. These measures are often collected independently, and the research on collecting measures simultaneously during a movement task is limited...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667375/core-curriculum-to-facilitate-the-expansion-of-a-rheumatology-practice-to-include-nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants
#3
Benjamin J Smith, Marcy B Bolster, Barbara Slusher, Christine Stamatos, Jeanne R Scott, Heather Benham, Salahuddin Kazi, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Daniel E Schaffer, Vikas Majithia, Calvin R Brown, Joan M von Feldt, Joseph Flood, David M Haag, Karen L Smarr
OBJECTIVE: Due to an aging population, increasing prevalence of rheumatic disease, and a growing supply and demand gap of rheumatology providers, innovative solutions are needed to meet the needs of persons with rheumatic conditions. Nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) have been identified as a group of health professionals who could help address the workforce shortage. The Executive Committee of the Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals (ARHP), a division of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), charged a task force to facilitate the preparation of NPs/PAs to work in a rheumatology practice setting...
April 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667237/the-trends-and-prevalence-of-obesity-and-morbid-obesity-among-australian-school-aged-children-1985-2014
#4
Joshua Xu, Louise L Hardy, Cici Z Guo, Sarah P Garnett
AIM: Children with obesity have a greater risk of adverse social and physical health outcomes. We examined temporal changes in body mass index (BMI) z-scores and the prevalence obesity and morbid obesity in children from 1985 to 2014. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of BMI data for children aged 7-15 years from five cross-sectional Australian datasets. Changes in age- and gender-adjusted BMI (BMI z-scores) and nutritional status were categorised using the International Obesity Task Force cut-off points...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667154/reliability-and-feasibility-of-gait-initiation-centre-of-pressure-excursions-using-a-wii-%C3%A2-balance-board-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-failing
#5
James Lee, Graham Webb, Adam P Shortland, Rebecca Edwards, Charlotte Wilce, Gareth D Jones
BACKGROUND: Impairments in dynamic balance have a detrimental effect in older adults at risk of falls (OARF). Gait initiation (GI) is a challenging transitional movement. Centre of pressure (COP) excursions using force plates have been used to measure GI performance. The Nintendo Wii Balance Board (WBB) offers an alternative to a standard force plate for the measurement of CoP excursion. AIMS: To determine the reliability of COP excursions using the WBB, and its feasibility within a 4-week strength and balance intervention (SBI) treating OARF...
April 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667019/what-is-new-in-heart-failure-management-in-2017-update-on-acc-aha-heart-failure-guidelines
#6
REVIEW
Biykem Bozkurt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to provide a summary of the new recommendations in the most recent 2017 ACC/AHA/HFSA Focused Update of the 2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines and the Heart Failure Society of America. The intent is to provide the background and the supporting evidence for the recommendations and to provide practical guidance for management strategies in treatment of heart failure patients...
April 17, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666201/guidelines-for-conducting-epidemiological-studies-of-blast-injury
#7
Dan Bieler, I Cernak, L Martineau, S Bjarnason, A Franke, E Kirkman, M J Leggieri, H Orru, S Ouellet, M Philippens, M G Risling, J-C Sarron, S Skriudalen, J A Teland, S Watts, R Gupta
Blast injuries are often caused by more than one mechanism, do not occur in isolation, and typically elicit a secondary multi-system response. Research efforts often do not separate blast injuries caused by blast waves from those caused by blunt force trauma and other mechanisms. 15 experts from nine different NATO nations developed in the HFM Research Task Group (RTG; HFM-234 (RTG)) 'Environmental Toxicology of Blast Exposures: Injury Metrics, Modelling, Methods and Standards' Guidelines for Conducting Epidemiological Studies of Blast Injury...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663024/neural-motor-control-differs-between-bimanual-common-goal-vs-bimanual-dual-goal-tasks
#8
Wan-Wen Liao, Jill Whitall, Joseph E Barton, Sandy McCombe Waller
Coordinating bimanual movements is essential for everyday activities. Two common types of bimanual tasks are common goal, where two arms share a united goal, and dual goal, which involves independent goals for each arm. Here, we examine how the neural control mechanisms differ between these two types of bimanual tasks. Ten non-disabled individuals performed isometric force tasks of the elbow at 10% of their maximal voluntary force in both bimanual common and dual goals as well as unimanual conditions. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation, we concurrently examined the intracortical inhibitory modulation (short-interval intracortical inhibition, SICI) as well as the interlimb coordination strategies utilized between common- vs...
April 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662914/ligament-strain-response-between-lower-extremity-contralateral-pairs-during-in-vitro-landing-simulation
#9
April L McPherson, Nathanial A Bates, Nathan D Schilaty, Christopher V Nagelli, Aaron J Krych, Timothy E Hewett
Background: Limb asymmetries, as determined through in vivo biomechanical measures, are known risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Previous cadaveric studies have shown a lack of significant differences in ligament strain between contralateral lower extremities when identical kinematics were simulated on specimens. Recent methodological developments have applied in vivo knee kinetics to exert landing forces on cadaveric lower extremities to mimic ACL injury events, but it is unknown whether contralateral limbs fail in a consistent manner during impact simulator testing...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660528/yield-of-colonoscopy-after-a-positive-result-from-a-fecal-immunochemical-test-oc-light
#10
Muhammad Alsayid, Maneesh H Singh, Rachel Issaka, Victoria Laleau, Lukejohn Day, Jeffrey Lee, James Allison, Ma Somsouk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is widely used in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. The OC-Light FIT is 1 of 2 FITs recommended for CRC screening by the Preventive Services Task Force guidelines. However, little is known about its ability to detect CRC in large average-risk populations. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients (50-75 years old) in the San Francisco Health Network who were screened for CRC by OC-Light FIT from August 2010 through June 2015...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658911/concern-about-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-on-hormone-therapy-for-the-primary-prevention-of-chronic-conditions-in-postmenopausal-women
#11
JoAnn V Pinkerton, Andrew M Kaunitz, JoAnn E Manson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657674/united-states-preventive-services-task-force-overstates-cosmetic-harms-of-skin-cancer-screening
#12
EDITORIAL
Joseph F Sobanko, Kimberly Shao, Rebecca L Pearl, Sancy Leachman
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) 2016 recommendation for skin cancer screening in asymptomatic healthy adults concluded that current evidence is "insufficient to assess the balance and harms of visual skin examination." One contributing factor leading to the insufficient grade was a concern for cosmetic harms resulting from unnecessary biopsies or excisions. This commentary briefly highlights the pertinent studies and currently accepted methods for pigmented lesion biopsy...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657199/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-progression-of-primary-immunoglobulin-a-nephropathy
#13
Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Dharshan Rangaswamy, Aswani Srinivas Mareddy, Srikanth Prasad, Sindhu Kaza, Srinivas Shenoy, Karan Saraf, Ravindra Prabhu Attur, Rajeevalochana Parthasarathy, Srinivas Kosuru, Uday Venkat Mateti, Vasudeva Guddattu, Sindhura Lakshmi Koulmane Laxminarayana
The role of obesity in the progression of primary glomerular diseases is controversial. A few studies report overweight/obesity as a risk factor for disease progression in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), and the real impact of it still remains unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on disease progression and proteinuria in patients with IgAN in Indian population. A cohort of biopsy-proven primary IgAN patients diagnosed between March 2010 and February 2015 who had a follow-up for a minimum of 12 months were included in the study...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656149/total-laparoscopic-ureteroneocystostomy-for-ureteral-endometriosis-a-single-center-experience-of-160-consecutive-patients
#14
Marcello Ceccaroni, Matteo Ceccarello, Giuseppe Caleffi, Roberto Clarizia, Stefano Scarperi, Mauro Pastorello, Alberto Molinari, Giacomo Ruffo, Stefano Cavalleri
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of laparoscopic ureteroneocystostomy in patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) with ureteral, parametrial, and bowel involvement. DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary referral center for endometriosis care. PATIENTS: One hundred and sixty patients with DIE underwent laparoscopic radical eradication and ureteroneocystostomy between January 2009 and December 2016...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655902/association-between-increase-in-vertical-ground-reaction-force-loading-rate-and-pain-level-in-women-with-patellofemoral-pain-after-a-patellofemoral-joint-loading-protocol
#15
Ronaldo Valdir Briani, Marcella Ferraz Pazzinatto, Marina Cabral Waiteman, Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo
BACKGROUND: The etiology of patellofemoral pain (PFP) is thought to be the result of increased patellofemoral joint (PFJ) load and aberrant lower extremity mechanics, including altered vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF). However, few studies have investigated the association between an increase in pain and VGRF loading rates in the context of PFP. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the immediate effects of PFJ loading on pain and VGRF loading rate, and to see if there is a link between modification of both pain and VGRF loading rate during stair negotiation...
April 11, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653395/learning-physical-parameters-from-dynamic-scenes
#16
Tomer D Ullman, Andreas Stuhlmüller, Noah D Goodman, Joshua B Tenenbaum
Humans acquire their most basic physical concepts early in development, and continue to enrich and expand their intuitive physics throughout life as they are exposed to more and varied dynamical environments. We introduce a hierarchical Bayesian framework to explain how people can learn physical parameters at multiple levels. In contrast to previous Bayesian models of theory acquisition (Tenenbaum, Kemp, Griffiths, & Goodman, 2011), we work with more expressive probabilistic program representations suitable for learning the forces and properties that govern how objects interact in dynamic scenes unfolding over time...
April 10, 2018: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653261/assessment-of-obstetric-and-gynecologic-fda-device-approvals-and-recalls
#17
Sheena Galhotra, Joseph Maurice
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the recall rates of Obstetric and Gynecologic devices approved via the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) 510(k) and Premarket Approval (PMA) processes DESIGN: Retrospective Observational Study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2) SETTING: Clinical settings in the United States of America that use Obstetric and Gynecologic devices SUBJECTS: 2,249 FDA approved Obstetric and Gynecologic Devices that were recalled between November 1, 2002 and December 31, 2017...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651714/learning-based-endovascular-navigation-through-the-use-of-non-rigid-registration-for-collaborative-robotic-catheterization
#18
Wenqiang Chi, Jindong Liu, Hedyeh Rafii-Tari, Celia Riga, Colin Bicknell, Guang-Zhong Yang
PURPOSE: Endovascular intervention is limited by two-dimensional intraoperative imaging and prolonged procedure times in the presence of complex anatomies. Robotic catheter technology could offer benefits such as reduced radiation exposure to the clinician and improved intravascular navigation. Incorporating three-dimensional preoperative imaging into a semiautonomous robotic catheterization platform has the potential for safer and more precise navigation. This paper discusses a semiautonomous robotic catheter platform based on previous work (Rafii-Tari et al...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651678/performance-of-the-2015-us-preventive-services-task-force-screening-criteria-for-prediabetes-and-undiagnosed-diabetes
#19
Matthew J O'Brien, Kai McKeever Bullard, Yan Zhang, Edward W Gregg, Mercedes R Carnethon, Namratha R Kandula, Ronald T Ackermann
BACKGROUND: In 2015, The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended screening for prediabetes and undiagnosed diabetes (collectively called dysglycemia) among adults aged 40-70 years with overweight or obesity. The recommendation suggests that clinicians consider screening earlier in people who have other diabetes risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of limited and expanded screening criteria recommended by the USPSTF for detecting dysglycemia among US adults...
April 12, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649928/noninvasive-activation-of-cervical-spinal-networks-after-severe-paralysis
#20
Parag Gad, Sujin Lee, Nicholas Terrafranca, Hui Zhong, Amanda Turner, Yury Gerasimenko, Victor Reggie Edgerton
Paralysis of the upper extremities following cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) significantly impairs one's ability to live independently. While regaining hand function or grasping ability is considered one of the most desired functions in tetraplegics, limited therapeutic development in this direction has been demonstrated to date in humans with a high, severe cervical injury. The underlying hypothesis is after severe cervical SCI, nonfunctional sensory-motor networks within the cervical spinal cord can be transcutaneously neuromodulated to physiological states which enables and amplifies voluntary control of the hand...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
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