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Cell therapy myocardial infarction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448588/allogeneic-pasc-transplantation-in-humanized-pigs-attenuates-cardiac-remodeling-post-myocardial-infarction
#1
Rafael Dariolli, Marcus V Naghetini, Euclydes F Marques, Celso K Takimura, Leonardo S Jensen, Bianca Kiers, Jeane M Tsutsui, Wilson Mathias, Pedro A Lemos Neto, Jose E Krieger
Cell therapy repair strategies using adult mesenchymal stromal cells have shown promising evidence to prevent cardiac deterioration in rodents even in the absence of robust differentiation of the cells into cardiomyocytes. We tested whether increasing doses of porcine adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (pASCs) increase cardiac tissue perfusion in pigs post-myocardial infarction (MI) receiving angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACE inhibitors) and Beta-blockers similarly to patients. Female pigs were subjected to MI induction by sponge permanent occlusion of left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) generating approximately 10% of injured LV area with minimum hemodynamic impact...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447974/3d-whole-heart-myocardial-tissue-analysis
#2
Hans Thijs Van den Broek, Leon De Jong, Pieter A Doevendans, Steven A J Chamuleau, Frebus J Van Slochteren, René Van Es
Cardiac regenerative therapies aim to protect and repair the injured heart in patients with ischemic heart disease. By injecting stem cells or other biologicals that enhance angio- or vasculogenesis into the infarct border zone (IBZ), tissue perfusion is improved, and the myocardium can be protected from further damage. For maximum therapeutic effect, it is hypothesized that the regenerative substance is best delivered to the IBZ. This requires accurate injections and has led to the development of new injection techniques...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431070/emerging-molecular-therapies-targeting-myocardial-infarction-related-arrhythmias
#3
Helen E Driessen, Toon A B van Veen, Gerard J J Boink
Cardiac disease is the leading cause of death in the developed world. Ventricular arrhythmias associated with myocardial ischaemia and/or infarction are a major contributor to cardiovascular mortality, and require improved prevention and treatment. Drugs, devices, and radiofrequency catheter ablation have made important inroads, but have significant limitations ranging from incomplete success to undesired toxicities and major side effects. These limitations derive from the nature of the intervention. Drugs are frequently ineffective, target the entire heart, and often do not deal with the specific arrhythmia trigger or substrate...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431003/intracoronary-autologous-bone-marrow-cell-transfer-after-myocardial-infarction-the-boost-2-randomised-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Kai C Wollert, Gerd P Meyer, Jochen Müller-Ehmsen, Carsten Tschöpe, Vernon Bonarjee, Alf Inge Larsen, Andreas E May, Klaus Empen, Emmanuel Chorianopoulos, Ulrich Tebbe, Johannes Waltenberger, Heiko Mahrholdt, Benedikta Ritter, Jens Pirr, Dieter Fischer, Mortimer Korf-Klingebiel, Lubomir Arseniev, Hans-Gert Heuft, Jan E Brinchmann, Diethelm Messinger, Bernd Hertenstein, Arnold Ganser, Hugo A Katus, Stephan B Felix, Meinrad P Gawaz, Kenneth Dickstein, Heinz-Peter Schultheiss, Dennis Ladage, Simon Greulich, Johann Bauersachs
Aims: Intracoronary infusion of autologous nucleated bone marrow cells (BMCs) enhanced the recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the randomised-controlled, open-label BOOST trial. We reassessed the therapeutic potential of nucleated BMCs in the randomised placebo-controlled, double-blind BOOST-2 trial conducted in 10 centres in Germany and Norway. Methods and results: Using a multiple arm design, we investigated the dose-response relationship and explored whether γ-irradiation which eliminates the clonogenic potential of stem and progenitor cells has an impact on BMC efficacy...
April 19, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420436/autophagy-mediates-the-beneficial-effect-of-hypoxic-preconditioning-on-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-the-therapy-of-myocardial-infarction
#5
Zheng Zhang, Chao Yang, Mingzhi Shen, Ming Yang, Zhitao Jin, Liping Ding, Wei Jiang, Junke Yang, Haixu Chen, Feng Cao, Taohong Hu
BACKGROUND: Stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy for myocardial infarction (MI). However, the poor viability of transplanted stem cells hampers their therapeutic efficacy. Hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) can effectively promote the survival of stem cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether HPC improved the functional survival of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and increased their cardiac protective effect. METHODS: BM-MSCs, isolated from Tg(Fluc-egfp) mice which constitutively express both firefly luciferase (Fluc) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP), were preconditioned with HPC (1% O2) for 12 h, 24 h, 36 h, and 48 h, respectively, followed by 24 h of hypoxia and serum deprivation (H/SD) injury...
April 18, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420171/pannexin-and-connexin-mediated-intercellular-communication-in-platelet-function
#6
REVIEW
Filippo Molica, Florian B Stierlin, Pierre Fontana, Brenda R Kwak
The three major blood cell types, i.e., platelets, erythrocytes and leukocytes, are all produced in the bone marrow. While red blood cells are the most numerous and white cells are the largest, platelets are small fragments and account for a minor part of blood volume. However, platelets display a crucial function by preventing bleeding. Upon vessel wall injury, platelets adhere to exposed extracellular matrix, become activated, and form a platelet plug preventing hemorrhagic events. However, when platelet activation is exacerbated, as in rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque, the same mechanism may lead to acute thrombosis causing major ischemic events such as myocardial infarction or stroke...
April 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411247/exosomal-microrna-transfer-into-macrophages-mediates-cellular-postconditioning
#7
Geoffrey de Couto, Romain Gallet, Linda Cambier, Ervin Jaghatspanyan, Nupur Makkar, James Frederick Dawkins, Benjamin P Berman, Eduardo Marbán
BACKGROUND: Cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) confer cardioprotection in acute myocardial infarction (MI) via distinctive macrophage (MΦ) polarization. Here we demonstrate that CDC-secreted exosomes (CDCexo) recapitulate the cardioprotective effects of CDC therapy known as cellular postconditioning. METHODS: Rats and pigs underwent MI induced by ischemia-reperfusion prior to intracoronary infusion of CDCexo, inert fibroblast exosomes (Fbexo; control), or vehicle. Two days later, infarct size was quantified...
April 14, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410244/platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptor-alpha-positive-cardiac-progenitor-cells-derived-from-multipotent-germline-stem-cells-are-capable-of-cardiomyogenesis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#8
Bang-Jin Kim, Yong-Hee Kim, Yong-An Lee, Sang-Eun Jung, Yeong Ho Hong, Eun-Ju Lee, Byung-Gak Kim, Seongsoo Hwang, Jeong Tae Do, Myung-Geol Pang, Buom-Yong Ryu
Cardiac cell therapy has the potential to revolutionize treatment of heart diseases, but its success hinders on the development of a stem cell therapy capable of efficiently producing functionally differentiated cardiomyocytes. A key to unlocking the therapeutic application of stem cells lies in understanding the molecular mechanisms that govern the differentiation process. Here we report that a population of platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) cells derived from mouse multipotent germline stem cells (mGSCs) were capable of undergoing cardiomyogenesis in vitro...
March 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405805/a-rotating-cerium-anode-x-ray-system-allows-visualization-of-intramural-coronary-vessels-after-cardiac-stem-cell-therapy-for-myocardial-infarction
#9
Chiharu Tanaka, Toru Hosoda, Yoshimori Ikeya, Yoshiro Shinozaki, Kikue Todoroki, Toru Shizuma, Takashi Shiraishi, Naoto Fukuyama, Toshihiko Ueda, Hidezo Mori
Conventional angiography is insufficient for evaluating the therapeutic effect of cardiac regeneration therapy. A microangiographic X-ray system using a cerium anode was developed. Cerium has a characteristic X-ray with a peak at 34.6 keV, which allows visualization of tiny amounts of iodine. The performance of the cerium anode X-ray system was evaluated in two excised normal canine hearts and in excised ischemic canine hearts treated with c-kit-positive cardiac stem cells (5 canines) or without cells (5 control canines)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400916/angiotensin-receptor-blocker-drugs-and-inhibition-of-adrenal-beta-arrestin-1-dependent-aldosterone-production-implications-for-heart-failure-therapy
#10
EDITORIAL
Anastasios Lymperopoulos, Beatrix Aukszi
Aldosterone mediates many of the physiological and pathophysiological/cardio-toxic effects of angiotensin II (AngII). Its synthesis and secretion from the zona glomerulosa cells of the adrenal cortex, elevated in chronic heart failure (HF), is induced by AngII type 1 receptors (AT1Rs). The AT1R is a G protein-coupled receptor, mainly coupling to Gq/11 proteins. However, it can also signal through β-arrestin-1 (βarr1) or -2 (βarr2), both of which mediate G protein-independent signaling. Over the past decade, a second, Gq/11 protein-independent but βarr1-dependent signaling pathway emanating from the adrenocortical AT1R and leading to aldosterone production has become appreciated...
March 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392564/the-immunology-of-atherosclerosis
#11
REVIEW
Anton Gisterå, Göran K Hansson
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, both in the general population and among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In most cases, the underlying cause of the cardiovascular event is atherosclerosis - a chronic inflammatory disease. CKD accelerates atherosclerosis via augmentation of inflammation, perturbation of lipid metabolism, and other mechanisms. In the artery wall, subendothelial retention of plasma lipoproteins triggers monocyte-derived macrophages and T helper type 1 (TH1) cells to form atherosclerotic plaques...
April 10, 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392102/creatine-phosphate-administration-in-cell-energy-impairment-conditions-a-summary-of-past-and-present-research
#12
REVIEW
A V Gaddi, P Galuppo, J Yang
BACKGROUND: Creatine phosphate (CrP) plays a fundamental physiological role by providing chemical energy for cell viability and activity, especially in muscle tissue. Numerous pathological conditions, caused by acute or chronic ischaemic situations, are related to its deficiency. For these reasons, it has been used as a cardioprotective agent in heart surgery and medical cardiology for many years. OBJECTIVE: This article gives a brief overview of the main characteristics of exogenous CrP...
March 14, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392053/factors-affecting-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-complications-of-carotid-artery-stenting-in-northern-michigan-a-retrospective-study
#13
Dalia F Mammo, Chin-I Cheng, Neli P Ragina, Firas Alani
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to identify factors associated with periprocedural complications of carotid artery stenting (CAS) to best understand CAS complication rates and optimize patient outcomes. Periprocedural complications include major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) that include myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, or death. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 181 patients from Northern Michigan who underwent CAS. Rates of stroke, MI, and death occurring within 30days post-procedure were examined...
March 24, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386378/transplantation-of-multipotent-isl1-cardiac-progenitor-cells-preserves-infarcted-heart-function-in-mice
#14
Yunpeng Li, Shuo Tian, Ienglam Lei, Liu Liu, Peter Ma, Zhong Wang
Cell-based cardiac therapy is a promising therapeutic strategy to restore heart function after myocardial infarction (MI). However, the cell type selection and ensuing effects remain controversial. Here, we intramyocardially injected Isl1+ cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) derived from EGFP/luciferase double-tagged mouse embryonic stem (dt-mES) cells with vehicle (fibrin gel) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) into the infarcted area in nude mice to assess the contribution of CPCs to the recovery of cardiac function post-MI...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383554/srt1720-promotes-survival-of-aged-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-via-faim-a-pharmacological-strategy-to-improve-stem-cell-based-therapy-for-rat-myocardial-infarction
#15
Xianbao Liu, Dexing Hu, Zhiru Zeng, Wei Zhu, Na Zhang, Hong Yu, Han Chen, Kan Wang, Yingchao Wang, Lengmei Wang, Jing Zhao, Ling Zhang, Rongrong Wu, Xinyang Hu, Jian'an Wang
SIRT1 has been proved to rejuvenate and improve the therapeutic efficacy of aged rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Herein, we investigate the protective effect of pretreatment with SIRT1 activator SRT1720 on aged human MSCs (hMSCs). The optimized pretreatment condition for aged hMSCs was determined to be 0.5 μM SRT1720 for 24 h by monitoring the survival of aged hMSCs subjected to serum deprivation±hypoxia and±500 μM hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Pretreatment with these conditions increased the survival of aged hMSCs 1 day (2...
April 6, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382066/adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-for-myocardial-regeneration
#16
REVIEW
Hyung Joon Joo, Jong-Ho Kim, Soon Jun Hong
Over the past decade, stem cell therapy has been extensively studied for clinical application for heart diseases. Among various stem cells, adipose tissue-derived stem cell (ADSC) is still an attractive stem cell resource due to its abundance and easy accessibility. In vitro studies showed the multipotent differentiation potentials of ADSC, even differentiation into cardiomyocytes. Many pre-clinical animal studies have also demonstrated promising therapeutic results of ADSC. Furthermore, there were several clinical trials showing the positive results in acute myocardial infarction using ADSC...
March 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378042/mitochondrial-permeability-transition-in-cardiac-ischemia-reperfusion-whether-cyclophilin-d-is-a-viable-target-for-cardioprotection
#17
REVIEW
Sabzali Javadov, Sehwan Jang, Rebecca Parodi-Rullán, Zaza Khuchua, Andrey V Kuznetsov
Growing number of studies provide strong evidence that the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP), a non-selective channel in the inner mitochondrial membrane, is involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac ischemia-reperfusion and can be targeted to attenuate reperfusion-induced damage to the myocardium. The molecular identity of the PTP remains unknown and cyclophilin D is the only protein commonly accepted as a major regulator of the PTP opening. Therefore, cyclophilin D is an attractive target for pharmacological or genetic therapies to reduce ischemia-reperfusion injury in various animal models and humans...
April 4, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372282/stem-cells-cardiac-patch-from-decellularized-umbilical-artery-improved-heart-function-after-myocardium-infarction
#18
Na Li, RanRan Huang, XiaoXia Zhang, Yi Xin, Jia Li, YiMin Huang, Wei Cui, Jean-Francois Stoltz, YuJie Zhou, QingYu Kong
The construction of the high biocompatible biomaterials pretreated with MSC offers a promising strategy to improve the effects of stem cell therapy for the myocardial infarction (MI). However, assembling vascularized three-dimensional (3-D) myocardial tissues remains an enormous challenge. In this study, we optimized the decellularization protocol with the umbilical artery to construct microporous 3-D scaffold which is suitable for the stem cells (SC) proliferation. The SD rats underwent proximal left coronary ligation and a 5-mm diameter microporous SC patch was implanted directly on the infarct area (SC patch group)...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371849/therapeutic-inhibition-of-mir-375-attenuates-post-mi-inflammatory-response-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction-via-pdk-1-akt-signaling-axis
#19
Venkata Naga Srikanth Garikipati, Suresh Kumar Verma, Darukeshwara Jolardarashi, Zhongjian Cheng, Jessica Ibetti, Maria Cimini, Yan Tang, Mohsin Khan, Yujia Yue, Cindy Benedict, Emily Nickoloff, May M Trungcao, Erhe Gao, Prasanna Krishnamurthy, David A Goukassian, Walter J Koch, Raj Kishore
Aims: Increased miR-375 levels has been implicated in rodent models of myocardial infarction (MI) and with patients with heart failure. However, no prior study had established a therapeutic role of miR-375 in ischemic myocardium. Therefore, we assessed whether inhibition of MI-induced miR-375 by LNA anti-miR -375 can improve recovery after acute MI. Methods and Results: Ten weeks old mice were treated with either control or LNA anti miR-375 after induction of MI by LAD ligation...
March 28, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366840/role-of-altered-coagulation-fibrinolytic-system-in-the-pathophysiology-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#20
REVIEW
Tapan Behl, Thirumurthy Velpandian, Anita Kotwani
The implications of altered coagulation-fibrinolytic system in the pathophysiology of several vascular disorders, such as stroke and myocardial infarction, have been well researched upon and established. However, its role in the progression of diabetic retinopathy has not been explored much. Since a decade, it is known that hyperglycemia is associated with a hypercoagulated state and the various impairments it causes are well acknowledged as independent risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases...
March 30, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
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